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BOYS IN BLUE.
Conclusion of the Grand Army Encamp ment and Election of Officers. A Brilliant Gathering at the Banquet With Patriotic Songs and Speeches. The Uerald's report of yesterday chronicled the several matters of the Grand Army Encampment, Department of Mon tana, transpiring up to adjournment of the opening session Tuesday afternoon. The preliminaries included the call to order by Junius G. Sanders, Department Comman der, roll call, prayer by chaplain, ascertain ment of membership, appointment of com mittees, etc. The encampment reassembled at 2 o'clock p. m. Delegates or their alternates entitled to seats appended their names to the roster, and reports of officers were re ceived and properly disposed of. COMMANDER SANDERS' ADDRESS. **** The Department Commander, J. G. San ders, addressed the encampment, traversing the history of the Grand Army and recit ing its accomplishments for the nearly quarter of a century of the existence of the patriotic order. The occasion which brought the war veterans of Montana to gether was the anniversary of Appomattox, an event that signalled the downfall of the rebellion and hastened the great civil strife to its close. The capitulation of the Army ol Northern Virginia was followed shortly by the cessation of hostilities and the hovering above lines of battle of the white-winged messenger of peace. lie noted the progress of the nation since the close of the war, and speaking of the northwest region, said : "This great region, constituting one-half of the geographical area of the country, almost untraversed and unknown at that time, has developed min eral wealth such as no otner country pos sessed, hidden in the bowels of the earth, and patriots wouderingly inquiring whence should come the precious metal where with the credit of the Union was to be re deemed. How little did they appreciate the energy that remained after the great strug gle, the enterprise that was directed into new paths of conquest, and the resources that lay buried in the traditional and seeming wade west of the mighty Mis souri river. Over all the broad domain now exist cities that are the marvel of the country, and Slate after State arises to de mand recognition in the American union. We have witnessed a great transformation. From New Mexico to Montana the soldiers of the war have engaged in this conquest of peace and prosperity in this western world.'' He tuen spoke of the encamp ment at Columhns and asked all to make this last encampment in the Territory of Montana one of abundant gratification and rejoicing. He alluded to the report of the assistant adjutant-general, which shows a membership gain of sixty one, against twenty-three for the previous year. New posts organized during the year were two, Thomas Francis Meagher post, No. 17 at White Sulphur Springs and Sher dan post, No. 18. at Great Falls. He also spoke of the of Sons Veterans, which are in the new division embracing Montana, Idaho, Washington and Oregon. In this department are five organized camps with 200 membership. Ia speaking of the Grand Army vs. politics he said: "At do time since its organization has the Grand Army of the Kepnblic had an opportunity to demonstrate so clearly to the world its non-partisan principles as in the last national campaign," and alluded to the question it involved of maintaining in office the man who promulgated the "Flag Order." In conclusion he said he should ever feel grateful for the honor conferred npon him, and hoped that all should render to his successor that loyalty which charac terized their action to him in the year past. OFFICERS REPORTS Assistant Adjutant General Moffett sub mitted his report, which showed a member ship of the Grand Army of the Kepnblic in Montana of 785. There seven were deathsdnring the year, and the net gain was sixty-one members. The financial exhibit showed $564.50 on hand. Comrade James H. Mills, delegate to the national encampment, eubmitteid a report of the event at Columbus which mach inter - sated the comrades. Assistant Quartermaster General Simons' report covered the department of that offi cer, ollowed by that of the Conned of Ad ministration, which with the preceeding reports were adopted. OFFICERS ELECTED. Officers of the Department, to serve for the ensning year, were elected at the even ing session, as follows : Department Commander— Jas. E. Calla way, of Frank Blair post No. 6, Virginia City. Senior Vice Commander—Harry C. Kess ler, of Lincoln post No 2, Butte. Junior Vice Commander—Geo. T. Cham bers, of Farragut post, Livingston. Medical Director—Winfield S. Norcross, Wadsworth post No. 3, Helena. Chaplain—Rev. Snyder, of U. S. Grant post, Miles City. Council of administration—George F. Cowan, of McPherson post, Bonlder; John L. Sloane, of WiDthrop post, Missoula; John Moffitt, of Wadsworth post.jllelena; Chas. S Shoemaker, of Lincoln post, Butte; H. W. Morley, of George F. Meade post, Anaconda. An important resolution unanimously adopted favors a service pens on law. A committee to devise a department badge was appointed, consisting of W. F. Sanders, Geo. W. Shaw, E A. Kreidler, P. R. Dolman and H. A. Swan, the committee to report on reassembling of the encamp ment at 11 o'clock to-day. The session at 9:15 adjourned, the com rades marchmg in a body to the banqnet hall, in the Pittsburgh block. AT THE FESTIVE BOARD. The soldiers' feast was spread in a large hall on the fourth floor of the Pittsburgh block, which was brilliantly lighted and gaily decorated with the national colors. At the head there was a bnst of General Grant draped with flags, ander which hang the department banner, the banner of Wadsworth Poet being similarly placed at the foot of the hall. The tablee were set in three rows, stretching from end to end of the hall, and held 250 covers. The repast was prepared and served by John Scarff, the well-known caterer, who outdid himself in the effort The "rations" were choice and the deli cacies were followed by round after round of claret, champagne, wine punches, and other delectable beverages. The veterans "fell to" with sharpened appétit« and feasted to their heart's content. When the wine began to flow Captain T. P. Fuller, who presided gracefully aa toast master, proposed THE FIRST TOAST of the evening, to "the President of the United S ta U«'' and called npon Comrade W. J. Galbraith to respond. The J udge delivered one of his happiest efforts and almost every one of his eloquent periods was accented with applause and cheers from his enthusiastic audience. He paid a beau tiful tribute to the Union of States, the grandest nation in the world, and eulogized the brave men who sprang to arms at their country's call, and by their heroic deeds made it possible for the United States to achieve the enviable distinction as a nation that it enjoyed to-day. Amid hearty cheers be made a reference to the State of Montana and said that if it had not been for the work of the Grand Army we wonld not now be anticipating the high privilege of soon 'aking our place among the galaxy of States. He alluded to the President as the ruler of a free people, whom no one ever had or ever couid rale, unless the people themselves had chosen him as their chief magistrate. His speech was delivered with character istic force, and when he sat down, the hall rang with cheers. Three cheers were then given for the President of the United States, and the whole company joined in singing "The Star Spangled Banner." The next toast was "Our Country," to which Col. J. E. Callaway, the newly elected Department Commander, responded. Col. Collaway spoke from a chair at the head of the ball. He spoke of the coming centennial ot Washington's inauguration, and reviewed the history of the nation from the time when it first straggled against English despotism, through all its struggles to the present time. He pointed oat the sacrifices required to bnild np and main tain this prosperous government and paid tribute to the many gallant men who lost their lives daring oar first century's wars in the service of their country. In conclu sion he said that from the monuments at Gettysburg to those in remote places, every where throughout the land were reared shafts of marble and statues of bronze, commemorating a nation's sacrifices. Bat these had achieved their purpose, and when marble should have crumbled to dust and bronze decayed, the soldiers of this country would still have a far grander monument and one that time could never destroy—the government of the United States of America. [Applause.] "Rally Round the Flag" was then chorused by the veterns, and COL GEO. O. EATON was called upon to respond to the toast, "The Grand Army of the Republic." Col. Eaton said in substance: He bad heard it said that toasts were a sort of theoretical pegs upon which to stick a few theoretical points and if this be the measure of the assembleys applause he would crave their forbearance and approach the unknown. I am full (applause) of the sense of the occa sion. I must get it out in order to make room for something else. We as a nation have no parallel among th< nat oils of the eaith Our people, iu their self-sacrifices, their emblems of deeds and valor, moke us to-night the partici pants in our country's glory. There is but one thought uppermost iu all and that is: Did you, at the supreme moment, bear your bosom that the nation might live? We, standing ou the broad platform of the Grand Army, that never forgets that charity begins at home, with a loyalty that enthuses our country, caring for our own— standing ou this platform, we gaze once more npon each other and look into the future of our common country. Years ago the youth aDd flower of a pa triotic nation stood iu the awful breach of a civil war. Through years of strife and bloodshed the American soldier upheld the valor of an American people, whether he wore the blue or the gray. His name should be placed on the topmost notch among the soldiery of the world. Peace has followed these terrible scenes, and we hope that never again shall brother assail brother. If war mast come, let it be f rom without. The palmetto of the South will reach forth to the pine of the North and the East will join the West in the common defense of home and country. A great army of 1861 became " The Grand Army " of to-day, bat the contract made in those days is still in force—that we might re main the nnclens of another great army, ever ready to protect the American nation. In honoring the Grand Army we in a measure honor ooselves, bat not in an egotistical manner. The G. A. R is not only grand through its deeds of the sword, bat grand in the historic il fact that a gr« a army, rising in absolute power, could be constituted of men who gladly and willingly returned after the battles to the pnrsnit of peaceful work. No down-trodden people were taxed beyond endurance to maintain an enor mous army, bat this army is the very essence of the people itself, and is ever ready in the future, as in the past, to main tain onr national duties. [Applause.] A toast to the memory of General Sheridan and onr fallen comrades was then drank standing and in silence. After another song, MAJOR MAGINMS was called on. The toast was "The Vol unteer Soldier"' and the Major made it the theme for one of his most eloquent speeches. His appearance was greeted with cheers, and he was frequently interrupted by rounds of hearty applause. After a brief and humorous preamble of his own experi ence and of political situations, he eulo gized "The Volunteer Soldier." He knew him as men trained by the desk and in the workshop, and never fear ing that human desires coaid be strong enough to tear down the flag of our Union. He knew when he left his homes sacrificed, his prospects for the love of the Union he learned to adore, while hnndreds of cowards sat at home with their newspa pers and cigars, wondering why the army did not move. Whoever, or wherever he was, he bad supported his country at the first call, and bad stood by her to the fin ish; he knew him in a line of thirty-six battles fought inside of four years. The ablest aDd best men of all pursuits made up the army of volunteers which had set an example for all times to come. [Ap plause.] The toast, "Sons of Veterans," was briefly responded to by Captain Wyman : "Since the day," said the Captain, " when two mighty armies opposed each other be fore Richmond, empire fell and republics took their places} We have seen great nations make enormous preparations for war, while we, the American people, have followed the pursuits of peace, being strictly a commercial nation. Bat oar hope lie in a noble band—the flower of the the Sons of Veterans. Remembering the days, when yon crossed yonr threshold, with perhaps a tear in yonr eye, leaving behind a loving mother, wife or children, to do the battles of onr country, from those days we bring the Sons of Veterans, through whose veins flows that blood which qnickens the train and calls the men to fields of glory. We have a great hope in finding at onr sides the Sons of Veterans who, when they bnry ns with tears, will match back to tunes of na tional mn8ic, ever ready to do their dnty. "THE STATE OF MONTANA" was responded to by Col. Sanders in his nsnal brilliant style. The State of Montana: It is here that yon torn yonr faces from the stormy past— the sacred dead and memories—to the ris ing sun on onr firmament—the State of Montana. Why is there a desire—not to be sup pressed—to gain the freedom end dignity of a State. We are ready for a purpose, worthy of a place of renown in the pages of history, abont to assert for ourselves an equality with others in this Nineteenth century ; are we ready for the task? Onr experience should and does teach us a lesson. When in the army we were moved by the one desire that this should be a Republic of the free and that or is It in onr country the chains of the enslaved shonld never more be known. And we achieved more than we hoped for. We saw brave men take courage day by day, that this Republic might be preserved for future generations. All purposes were set aside for that. ADd so we are situated to-day, about to pass from slavehood to the dignity and sovereignty of a State. It will be the re ward of a quarter of a century's waiting aDd working when the State of Montana places itself npon the pinnacle as a crown jewel of this na tion. Having suffered disfranchisement for all these years, onr star is now in the ascendant and we pass oat of a barbarous life. In the distant future, when we are gathered in the grave and onr voices silent, the historian will look up the pages of the past and trace np and chronicle the events that brought to the gate of Montana its eminence, cnltnre and glory of civilization. And yonr names will appear, for yon can not hide it, be your desire for humbleness ever so great. Dr. Holmes then made a few remarks that were enthusiastically received, and the affair wound np with another song. to-lay's c ession. The encampment met at II o'clock this morniDg, pursuant to adjournment. Comrades Eddy F. Ferris, of Bozeman, and Vining A. Cook, of Bonlder, were elected delegates to the national conven tion at Milwaukee, and Simon Haasworth, of Butte, and E. A. Kreidler, of Miles City, as alternates. It was voted to hold the next annnal en campment at Livingston. Commander Callaway announced that the Department Headquarters for the en suing year will be at Bozemau. The newly elected officers were installed by Mastering Officer Jenks. At 1:3U o'clock the encampment ad journed sine die. After adjournment the veterans were treated to a ride out to the Springs on the Motor LiDe, aDd returning, many took the afternoon trains for home. No one will regret more than Mr. Loeb, when the excitement of the moment has passed, the unseemly display of his feel ings last evening. Every heated cam paign developes a few irresponsible eaves droppers who distort every chance remark of any candidate for the purpose of creat ing strife and prejudice. These misrepre sentations often excite hasty remarks that seem cruelly unjust and would be so, if uttered without provocation. In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred they are not correctly reported and never with any explanation of the provoking cause. It is very foolish to treasure them up. It would have been unusual to have given the minority party the leading pasitions on the most important committees. It is never done in the highest legislative bodies in the coun try. Surely this is no good reason why Messrs. Loeb and Lissner should refuse to serve their constituents on any of the committees. As Ameiican citizens we ought to sink oat of sight and thought any of those invidious and opprobrious expressions of race passion and prejudice that have been floated down tous] on the tide of time from ages of dark ness and superstition. We are prond that all races and countries contribute to our population and enterprise. We are no longer Jew or Gentile, bond or free bat are all free American citizens, with a common destiny and the interests of each are the in terests of all. The Herald is indebted to Russell B. Harrison for copies of the souvenir cards of the Inanguration ball, one of the most elegant specimens of the typographical and engraving art ever prodneed. Portraits of the President and Vice-President, etched to the life, with their autographs attached, are part of the souvenir, contained within richly embellished covers tied with ribbon. The programme accompanying is also a beautiful work of art, the names thereon of the distingnshed people composing the several committees covering sixteen pages, together with the order of danciag and bill of fare. We are obliged to Mr. Harri son for this token of his remembrance. The nations of the continent exhaust themselves by the support of immense standing armies. These are not only vastly expensive but they draw from productive industry the flower of the people. Stand ing armies are the great support of mon archarchy and aristocracy, and are always dangerous to liberty. This ia not so in the the case of a navy, which has always been favorable to the liberties of a people. Thongh it costs mach to baild and main tain a superior navy, the commence that it creates and commands will more than pay the cost. _ From Bismarck to Blaine. New York, April 9. —A Washington special to the Mail and Express says: Yonr correspondent has it from the highest authority for the statement that an agree ment has been reached by the State de partment and German foreign office that there shall be no re-enforcement of vessels or troops belonging to the two governments now on doty at Samoa. This agreement is to be in force nntil after the Samoan commissioners have finished their labors. It is understood that the proposition for agreement came direct from Bismarck to Secretary Blaine. Gen. Schofield to Make a Tonr of In spection. Washington, April 8.— Gen. Schofield contemplated a tonr of inspection of the military posts the latter part of this month. Among those to be visited will probably be the new post at Denver, and Fort Rnssell, Wyo. Died. Washington, April 8.—Dr. J. H. Kid der, of the Smithsonian Institute, died this morning from pneumonia. New York, April 8.—Mrs. Theodore Thomas, wife of the musician, died this morning from nervons prostration. Washington, April 10.— Rear Admiral Thomas H. Patterson, U. S. N., (retired) died last night from exhaustion conséquent npon long illness. Retaliation. Shanghai, April 7.— Wow Kwang Rey, formerly of the Chineee embassy at Wash ington, advocates expulsion of every Amer ican in the service of China as a reprisal for exclusion from America. In a mem orial on the subject he refers with con tempt to the American navy, which he de clares would be powerless in case of an aggressive movement. to its if OUR NEW GOVERNOR. Yesterday witnessed the unceremonious induction of B. F. White as Governor of Montana, and it is with pride as a Mon tanian and satisfaction as a Repnblicon that we welcome him to his position. We have nothing bat words of commen dation for the retiring Governor. Under a vicious system and in disregard of promises on a flimsy pretext President Cleveland passed over the superior claims of many prominent Democrats in Montana and sent us one who at the time was a stranger to the people over whom he was to rale. The high personal character of the appointee and the wisdom and urbanity that characterized his official actions and per sonal interconrse with all, have done much to reconcile ns to the choice that was made. Bnt nevertheless the fact could never be lost Bight of that our wishes and ambitions in the matter were not deemed worthy of consideration. It was humiliat ing and always will be, that, under a gov ernment whose fondamental principal is that the consent of the governed is the only legitimate source of power, the choice of the people of a separate political com munity shonld count for nothing. The people not only of Montana bat of all the Territories and of the whole coun try have j net reason for pride that at last we have a President who recognizes the principle that the governors of a people shonld be selected from among the people over whom they are to rale. In Governor White, the people of Mon tana will recognize one who is identified with them in all their interests. As a citi zen of the United States equally with those living within the borders of the sovereign States, he will nphold and administer the laws of the General Government and protect the interests of the Nation. Bnt in addi tion to that trust, we feel that our own special interests will also be his constant care, and his knowledge of these interests will enable him botter than a stranger to protect and forward those interests. Thongh oar new Governor may have only the prospect of a brief official term, it will be an important one, full of stirring and engrossing events. This single year will witness the fruition of a quarter of a century of the efforts and ambitions of the people of Montana. It will be the harvest year of twenty-five other years of patient, wearisome planting and cultivating. To be Governor of Montana at such a time not less by the appointment of the President than by the concurring choice and approval of his fellow citizens, is an honor of which one may well be proud. With the respect and confidence of all it will not be a difficult matter for Governor White to discharge his duties, and he can feel that he has the people of Montana be hind him in all that he may do in their name and on their behalf. Though much has been done that shonld have been left for him to do, there is more that remains to be done to carry out the purposes expressed by our people at the election of November last. Those who know the man will be sure thatB. F. White will be Governor in his own name and per son, conscious of his responsibility to the whole people of Montana and only subor dinate to that, to the Republican party of the Territory and country. WELCOME TO THE G. A. R. The meeting of representatives from all the Grand Army Posts of Montana is a happy event always and at this time pos sesses more significance than ever before. We have a Grand Army man for Prwident and the men who carried their country's flag and upheld it till it floated in triumph over an enfranchised people and an united country will no longer he compelled to walk in the rear of the procession and take back seats. To those who stood at the post of danger in the hoar of peril and who bear the scars and wonnds received in battle belong the posts of honor. They deserve not only the honor but the rewards of a greatfnl nation with no un grudging hand. Their services to their country did not end when the war cloied They have been doing service ever since and are doing no less useful service to-day. They are the most successful and boldest of onr pioneers to posh forward the fron tiers of civilization into the wilderness and wherever found they are the firmest upholders of law and order. The knowledge that we have in onr midst hnndreds and thousands of these veteraos does more than onr little standing army to make onr power respected among the nations of the earth. Were onr conn try's honor or safety in peril from aDy source without or within onr borders, at a moment's call thousands of trained veterans would fall in line and hasten to the point of danger, and their spirit of discipline and patriotic devotion is diffused through all ranks and canght np by the generation that follows and will long be perpetuated as onr beet national defense. The last official act of Governor Leslie in granting a pardon to Bargees, the Fer gus county_marderer, will not redound to his credit nor that of his administration, which has been principally remarkable for the number of necks it has saved from the gallows and the number of convicts it has turned out of the peniteotiary. A gentleman who has known Bnrgess for twenty years, who was solicited to sign the petition for his pardon, said: "Borgess is a crazy sort of a fellow, and I am afraid he might kill somebody else," and withheld his signature. Gentlemen who were connected with Bnrgess' prosecu tion likewise pronounce his pardon a most extraordinary exercise if not abase of the power of executive clemency. The trouble with Got. Leslie's administration seems not that he loved jostice lew, bat mercy more and a number of onr citizens are inclined to think that in the Borgne« matter his interference was kind heartedness mis guided. _ By Order of the President. Washington, April 8.—By direction of the President, the State of Wisconsin hM been transferred from the military Depart ment of the East to the Department of Dakota. a in of a to is of PUT ir IN THE CONSTITUTION. Pat it in the constitution, that the people of Montana are soon to frame and adopt, that no part of the school lands granted to onr State shall ever be sold. In this way only can onr people be secure of receiving th e fall vaine of the grant with all the en hancement of vaine that will come through future generations and ages. In this way only will the people of Montana be abso lutely secure against loss or diminution of this precious fund. If these lands are sold for money, at any price, that money will be nseless for the support of onr schools, unless invested in some interest-paying securities, for by law only the income may be used for the support of schools. And in order that the prinpal may be perfectly secure, investment can only be made in public securities, and these usually yield the lowest rate ol in test. So it happens that as soon as tue lands are sold there can be no farther increase of the principol of the fand, though the lands themselves might increase ten or a hundred fold in vaine. On the contrary, it would involve trouble, expense and risk in pro viding investment for the fand, and this point was regarded of so much importance that in onr constitution of 1884 the State became guarantor against any loss or di version of this school fand. If we provide at the ontset that these lands shall forever remain inalienable, the State will incur no liability from such a guaranty and there will otherwise be no possibility of loss to the principal of the tund. The language of our enabling act, under which our people will presently meet to frame a constitution, recognizes the waste ful folly that has heretofore prevailed in disposing of these school lands, and has provided that in onr case they may not be sold for less than $10 per acre. Better still would it have been if the condition had been still broader, that no part of them ehonld ever be sold, but that they might be leased only on long terms for snch use as wonld not impair their permanent value for the best annual rental that could be ob tained at public offer, well advertised. But what Congress has hinted, but failed to carry out, the people of Montana who are the ones chiefly interested, may do by their representatives in their constitutional convention. We have no hesitation in say ing that the early and absolute adoption of such a constitutional provision will iu the course of time result in a saving of hun dreds of millions of dollars to the fnture generations that occapy Montana and en title us to their swelling benedictions. Montana's dower of school lands will amount to 5,112,035 acres. If sold at 50 cents per acre as the Texar, school lands were sold, they would give us a permanent fund of about $2,500,000. If sold, as in Iowa, at $2.50 per acre, they would give us a fand of about $10,250,000. If sold at the minimum fixed in the Enabling Act they will yield us a permanent fund of over $50,000,000. If we resolve not to sell them at all, the time will surely come when they will be worth $100 per acre, and then our permanent fand will be worth $500,000,000, and our annual income will be in propor tion. If we shall refuse or hesitate to adopt a coarse so fall of promise and profit to future generations, we can hardly defend ourselves at the bar of conscience for having done our reasonable dntv. Even if snch a coarse as we recommend should cost some present sacrifice, the greater fntnre blessings would sorely more than compensate for it. Bnt thi would not be the case. We assert as a fact that any quarter sec tion of land in the country will rent on a term of twenty one years, for a greater an nual return than the interest on the money for which it coaid be sold, when that money was invested in public securities. To the troth of this statement we invite the utmost inquisitorial scrutiny, and when established, it will show that we are not called npon to make any present sacri fice to secure this mighty beneflt'to our posterity. Some may say that no one would want to rent lands at any price so long as there were any public lands. There will not be an acre of public land left in the United States ten years hence and thereafter we shall witness a rapid rise in the price of lands. Suppose a man instead of paying $1,600 for a quarter section of land should invest that amount in stock, buildings, Beed, implements, etc., agreeing to pay $100 a year rent, certainly for the man who only had that amount of money, the latter would be the better investment and would yield him four times as much in return. In the coarse of five years he could make enough to buy ont the man who invested all he had in land and could sell out his lease at an advance. School lands belonging |to the State wonld not be snbject to taxation and there fore never be liable to be seid for taxes or attached by any legal process. The im provements would be subject to taxation. This instead of being a disadvantage to the State, wonld be a benefit, for it would allow money otherwise invested in the purchase of land to go into improvements that would be more productive and bring more land under earlier cultivation. The State might as well exempt tue school lands from taxatioa as the fundB for which these lands were sold. The case is as long aa it is broad. Lands, if leased, mignt be so cultivated as to be soon ~ , orn out, and instead of en hancing might depreciate in value. But this could be provided against with a forfeiture for violation, while all the im provements pat npon the land wonld be a security for the exact fulfillment of all con ditions. At the termination of the learn there would be an appraisement of all improve mente end if there were any change of ten ants the new one wonld have to pay the appraised vaine, if this point could not be mutually agreed to between the parti«. Ot coarse there wonld be many details in the« matters for the legislature to pro vide, bnt the constitution should declare the school lands forever inalienable except under leas« providing for the payment of are onr e en of sold will in in of pro this di of to in has be use ob by of the 50 in us to the a an be of a a annual rent, which should be available for the support of the public schools. We very much wish the Territorial press would present the snbject to their readers so that the delegates from all over Montana wonld come np to the convention prepared to vote promptly and intelligently. If there are any valid objections we shonld be glad to see them brought torth for in vestigation._ REPUBLICAN REVERSES. The reverses of the Republican party in some recent elections, as in Rhode Island, Chicago, St. Louis, and, later still and nearer at home, in Batte and Anaconda, fnrnishe onr political opponents with great satisfaction and suggest great hopes of an early return to power. We are not supposed to belittle nor will we attempt to explain away these sadden changes as without any significance. That there has been any change of heart among the voters on the great national issue in volved in the last national contest we do not believe. As between Cleveland and Harrison and on the issue of protection Rhode Island wonld vote as strongly Re publican as it did in November last, not withstanding 6,000 new voters have since been admitted to share the elective fran chise. In Rhode Island the great disturb ing element was the prohibition issue. The result in New York in November last shows that even in the heat of national contests and with all the pressure of party discipline, there is a large part of the Republican vote that cannot be held in line. Thongh the State voted for Harrison and was Republican on national issues, at the same time Hill was elected by a larger majority than the Harrison electors re ceived. Rhode Island elects State officers each year and there was no national issue in volved this year, so .that voters [felt at liberty to disregard party ties and gave ex pression on altogether different issues. The Legislature just elected does not have the choice of Senator. The successor of JChace will be chosen by the Legislature that meets by adjournment to-day, and which is Republican by a three-fourths majority. The term of Aldrich, the other Senator, does not expire till 1893. There is one lesson in this Rhode Island election that is applicable to our situation in Montana. The Democrats base much of their hope for carrying Montana, on the fact that the admission bill was passed by a Democratic House and signed by a Dem ocratic President. Out of gratitude our voters are expected to support the Demo cratic party nominees. On the same ground it might have been expected that the newly enfranchised voters of Rhode Island would support the Republican party. The result shows that gratitude is not a controlling principle among voters. They do not forget at once the years of exclusion from the privilege of voting and are full as apt to use their new power to pnnish past grievances as to testify their appreciation of present favors. We do not believe the voters of Montana can be per suaded even by the fanny speeches of Sun set Cox to believe that they are under any heavy debt of gratitude to the Democratic party for its sudden change of front on the admission bill. They may and shonld feel ander many personal obligations to Mr. Cox, for be did ns a great service at a crit ical time and no stress of party discipline shall ever indace as to disavow our obliga tions to him. Bnt this is no reason why we should accept his free trade policy so inimical to all onr present and prospective interests, or reconcile ns to the election of United States Senators, who wonld stand in with the free trade South to sustain a policy that wonld cripple if not d«troy onr greatest industries and cloud the glory of our nation by reversing the wheels of pro gress. In one respect we are glad to have the Republicans of Montana reminded that the great fight for the control of Montana po litically is yet to be made, and it is not to be any easy fight either. It is no time to be quarreling over a few spoils of office. The regeneration of Montana will not come from Washington and any interference from that quarter will be more apt to do harm than good. The Democrats natural ly follow their bosses, but Republicans never will be bossed and the sooner that is understood and heeded, the better will it be for all concerned. It is already evident that the Democracy will make a desperate endeavor to recover and hold Montana, and this will be a.ded by all the outside influences that can be reached and utilized. It is time for every Republican in Mon tana to be np and doing his best to pat oar new State in harmony with that great party whose policy can insure our prosperity and rapid growth. The English Parliament has recently voted to borrow $100,000,000 with which to bnild some seventy war ships. Even pov erty stricken and bankrupt old Spain last year voted to raise a loan of $40,000,000 with which to bnild war ships. Without borrowing a dollar the United Stales might spend $50,000,000 a year for the uext ten years in bnilding a navy, and by the end of that time we should be the masters of the seas, the world's vast commerce would then pay us tribute. Snch would be the increase of onr navy yards, the superior skill and cheapness iu construction, arising from experience, competition and new in ventions that we would be able to bnild superior merchant ships cheaper than any other nation, jnst as we now surpass all others in railroad construction. It is an error to snppose that no re venae can be derived from school lands till they sold. If sold, only the interest on the money received can be used for the carrent support of schools. Bat lands can be rented as early as they can be sold, and their annual rental is at once available for the support of schools If there had been any law ander which 'school ands could have been rented, Montana might have received many thousands of dollars every year for the support of her schools from this source. If in do in at at is of a to of a of The people of Idaho, though their Ter ritory was Dot included in the omnibus admission bill, do not intend to be left out in the cold wnen so many others of the sisterhood are admitted to the family re union. They, too, will hold a Constitu tional convention when the rest do and adopt a constitution, elect State officers and trust to the justice and generosity of a Republican Congress and administration for a recognition of their claims. It i 9 not pretended that the population is equal to the ratio of representation, bat this is uot the main consideration. Having so bag endured the humiliation and neglect inci dent to the Territorial condition, we are anxious to see every Territory save Utah and Alaska admitted as a State. It will need but a short time to give each of them ample population. The smallest of them has greater popnlation and wealth than the average of States when admitted. Admis sion will aid in the settlement and develop ment of these inchoate States, and next to the abolition of slavery, will do more to complete oar nationality than anything else in onr history. Before President Har rison's administration ends, if not within the present year, we shall hope to se* all the country outside of Alaska included among the States. As for Utah, we would cat it up aui pirtioa it out to other States after they had fixed their constitutions so that polygamous Mormonism could never raise its horrid head again. A weiter in the April Forum attempts to show that the Monroe doctrine as an nounced some sixty-five years ago only had in contemplation resistance to the schemes of the Holy Alliance to restore by force the revolted American States to the power of Spain; that it has nothing whatever to do with any present conditions, such as allow ing a foreign nation like France to con struct and control the Panama canal, or allowing England to rob Vene zuela of the control of the mouth of the Orinoco and other similar cases. Very well, and suppose the Monroe doctrine has no application to any present circumstances. Is that any reason why we should not apply or even extend the same principle to protect and advance our pres ent interests? When the Monroe doctrine was promulgated we were a nation of only abont ten million. Now we are more than six times as large and our power, if we be come con9cions of it and choose to exert it, is very much greater still. We have uo reason to fear any holy or unholy alliances. We have the right that attaches to power to have onr American primacy respected. It is onr business as much to look to our future as our present interests. We must provide for our overflowing wealth and populatiou and allow uc. gyves to be fastened on our limbs to hinder our growth. Not that we have any right to act the part of a dog in the manger, neither doing ourselves nor al lowing others to do what is for the best interest of any portion of this continent. Bui it is time to map ont a continental policy and work it ont steadily. The policy of appropriating a , ortion of the public lands for the benefit of the free schools, was adopted before our present constitution, but Ohio was the first State admitted where there were auy public lands to grant. Down to the organization of Oregon as a Territory in 1848 only the 16th section was granted for schools and there were twelve States that received this allotment. All the Territories since organ ized have had the promise of the 16 th and 36th sections in each township and so fast as they have become States have received according to promise. The total amount of school lands given away aad pledged by the general government amonnt to more than 67,000,000 acres. If Congress had from the first imposed the tame condition as it has upon the four States to be ad mitted this year, the sclooI fand would have amounted to $670,00* ,000 when the lands were all sold. If the policy had been adopted from the first, of never selling these lands, this school fund in the course of a single century would have amounted to more than a billion of dollars. The early fonnders and fathers of the Democratic party, such as Jefferson, Gal latin and Madison, were all opposed to the construction of a navy. The reason for this is not far to search. They were from the southern and interior sections of the country, where there was no commercial enterprise, no experience or facilities lor ship-building. Yet the experience of the war of 1812 ought to have shown us the folly of this course. While disaster gen erally attended our armies on laud, the achievements of onr few war ships brought us all the glory and the trophies of that war. As a nation, none other in the world can equal ours for naval capacity, and no other with equal amount of eflbrt and ex penditure has won so many achievements on the water. It is clearly our way to em pire and to wealth. The Missoula county Republicans are the tiret to issnn a call for conventions to nominate candidates for the Constitutional Convention. It has seemed to us that there was no great need of haste in this matter and that possibly the new Govern >r, Chief Justice and Secretary might feel inclined to modify the apportionment. Thoagb our convention has an instrument to start with that had once been indorsed by a good popular majority, the whole field will have to be gooe over by many new haads and more of them. It is more important than the work of ordinary legislation aod re quires the ablest men of both parties. II the work is well doue it will stand for gen erations and will do mnch to shape our destiny as a State and minister to our pros perity. Those who want to make money out of the sale of the school lands are the only ones who will be apt to oppose the propo sition that the State shall never sell them, and it is for the general interest of the great mass even of the present generation, that no one shonld make money out of these lands, but that every dollar of the vaine and its future enhancement should go to the benefit of the schools.