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He Returns Home From a Long So journ in Washington. Hod. Thomas H. and Mrs. Carter arrived home on the Pacific express last Saturday evenimj direct from Washington, where tber have been since the first of March. Mr. Carier was called upon at his office this morning by a reporter and, though bnsilv engaged in receiving visitors and at tending to office business, managed to chat m few moments with the Herald repre sentative. The first thing that impresses hie Iriends on meeting him is that the Del egate has taken on a considerable layer of "the adipose" since he left Helena. Wash ington life evidently agrees with him. In his short stay at the national capital Mr. Carter has accomplisned much for Mon tana, and he returns with the satisfaction that is shared generally by his constituents, viz.: that President Harrison has lived up to his party's pledges aud appointed no body but Montana men for Montana offices. And, by the way, he is the first delegate the Territory has ever had that coaid make that boast on his return from Washington. Mr. Carter had no time to talk at length on Montana affairs, bat the reporter suc ceeded in eliciting a few words on the political situation. Asked if he had heard that Sunset Cox, Gor man and other Democratic stagers were coming to Montana this year to help carry the Territory for the Dem ocracy, Mr. Carter replied : "Yes, I have seen something to that effect. I under stand that Cox and others are coming here for that purpose. In fact it seems to be the general opinion that the Democratic National Committee have taken hold of ; the matter aDd are going to make Mon tana the political battle ground of the fall campaign. They are goiDg to concentrate | energies, orators and everyminu else to get two Democratic Senators and a Democratic Congressman from the State of Montana. , Hut these efforts show the hopelessness of | their cause. It reminds me of a hopeless ( case at the bar. Whenever a criminal gets in a tight place and his cause is particu larly shaky he sends for the best legal talent from abroad to try to get him out of the box. The Democrats of Montana are in a bad box and, knowing it, they aud their friends want to get Cox and other party lights out here to help them out. But the people of Mon tana are as familiar with Mr. Cox's record as they are with his jokes, and, as they | bave no use for chestnuts, will care noth ing for either. The outlook for the He- ! publicans ot this Territory is brighter than ever. They are as firm in their principles as they were when they repudiated the ad- : ministration of Cleveland, and no infusion , of eastern Democratic campaign methods and foreign "bosses" can shake their ad herence to the doctrines of Republicanism j and protection. Write it down that Mon tana will enter the Union with two Re- j pablican Senators, a Republican Represent ative and a Republican State government." A TRUST"COMPANY. A New Financial Institution for Helena. It is learned that a large loan and trust company has just been organized for the purpose of doing business in Helena. The organization is the result of efforts put forth in the East by Joseph P. Reed and E. F. Crosby, who have succeeded in inter esting Philadelphia capitalists in the en terprise. The capital stock of the new company will be $500,000, $400,000 of which will be held in Philadelphia and the balance in Helena The company will erect a building in Helena—site not yet located—which will cost in the neighbor hood of $150,000. The president will be a Helena man, the vice president and gen eral manager will probably be from Phila delphia. The company will not do a banking business, but will have the safety deposit system of vaults, will act as administrators for guardians and heirs, will buy and sell bonds, and will probably guarantee titles ; in short, anything that can be done by a company with a solid financial backing will be done. Proclamation by the Governor. Territory of Montana, ) Executive Department j Helena, April 22,1889. One hundred years have passed since the government which our forefathers es'ab lished was formally organized by the in auguration of its first President, George Washington. The Centennial of this illustrious event in our history has, by au act of the Con gress of the United States, been declared a general holiday to the end that the people of our whole country may join in commem orative exercises appropriate to the day. Now, therefore, I, Benjamin F. White, Governor ot the Territory of Montana, in honor of so important an epoch in onr country's history, and in accordance with the recommendations of the President of the United States, respectfully recommend and request that Tuesday, the 30th day of April, 1889, be observed as a general holi day by the people of Montana Territory, that the usual studies at the public schools be intermitted, or exercises appropriate to the day be added; thatofficersot the National Guard of Montana order their several commands to participate in such observ ances as may occur in their respective localities; that all business houses be clesed; that corporations and individuals give the largest possible liberty to their employees to unite in the celebration of the day; that, recognizing the great benefactions that have been vouchsafed to us as a nation la&l the people of Montana join at their usual places of worship at 9 o'clock a. m. in asking the Great Giver of all good ro continue ns in the patha which have lead us on to sncb blessings of peace, happiness and prosperity. In witness whereof, I hereunto set my hand and causa the seal of the Territory to bs affixed. .Done at the City of Helena, the capital of«ud Territory, this the 19th day of April, in the year of onr Lord one thou sand eight hundred and eighty-nine, and of the Independence of theee United States ■the one hundred and thirteenth. Benjamin F. White. By the Governor, , >—*— , L. A. Walker, seal. Secretary of Montana. The Grand Chief Acquitted. Lafayette, Ind., April 22.— City Divi sion No. 137, Order of Railway Conductors, of this city, yesterday considered the charges brought by C. S. Wheaton of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Grand Chief Conductor of the order of Railway Conductors, against George W. Howard of Los Angeles, Cal., Grand Chief Conductor of the Brotherhood of Railway Conductors, in being a member of the latter organization. Members from all parts of the United States were present, and, after a full hearing. Howard was acquitted. Durham Goes Oat. Washington, April 22. —First Comp troller Durham severed his connection with the Treasury Department. * St. a the for of ; | , | ( WET AND DRV CONTEST. Prohibition in the Bay State Will Likely be Beaten. Boston, April 22 —To-day is votipg day upon the propcsed amendments to the con stitution of Massachusetts, prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors. The day is bright aDd cool with prospects of a large vote. Both parties have been active in the campaign. The day is a legal holiday. Exchanges and wholesale business houses are closed. All indications point to the defeat of the amendment. Boston, April 22. —To-day has been de clared a legal holiday throughout the State in order that all classes of citizens should have an opportunity of voting on the pro * hibitiou amendment. It is thought that the adoption of this course will bring oat a full vote, but it is significant that the granting of a holiday for this purpose was opposed by the prohibitionists in the Leg islature. The farmers, it is believed, will vote against the proposed amendment, be cause it wonld interfere with their making cider. The adoption of the amendment requires a two thirds vote, and, so far as can be jadged of the known predictions of those who have already cast their vote, bat little expectation is indulged in that when the ballots are counted to-night the neces sary majority will be forthcoming. Boston, April 22. —One hundred and filty-eight cities and towns outside of Bos ton show a total vote on the constitutional amendment—yes, 13,354; no, 55,328. The amendment is defeated by from 35,000 to 40,000 majority. Boston's Equine Show. Boston, April 22. —The great horse show, for which active preparations have been in progress several months past, was opened to the public to day, and it is with out question the finest and most interest ing exhibition of its character ever before organized in the State. There is not a va cant stall in the immense building where the show is held, the number of entries being much larger than was anticipated by the management and including several of the more fanions eqnines known through out the Eastern States. Among the novel and attractive features of the show is a troupe of sixteen trick aud performing horses, which will, after the conclusion of the exhibition, be taken all over the coun try. Capt. J. K. Blake, superintendent ot the Rockawav Hunt Club, of New York, is the acting ring master. Mr. Scott Leigh ton has offered a valuable painting as a prize for the handsomest horse, which has indnced a pretty lively and amusing com petition and for which every horse that has been entered is claimed by his owuer as the winner. Hilton-Phillips Marriage. Washington, April 23. — One of the most notable events that has occurred in social circles here daring the season is the marriage of Miss Dorothy Phillips and Edward Hilton, which was solemnized at St. John's Episcopal chnrch to-day. The groom is the son of Judge Hilton, for many years the confidential friend of A. T. Stewait, the merchant prince of New York, aud who was at the time of Mr. Stewart's demise made the executor of his vast estate as well as the agent of the de ceased millionaire's widow. The bride was attended by Ethel and Muriel Ingal's, daughters of Senator Ingalls, and the groom by Aristides Preston, son of the dean of the diplomatic corps, and James Morrill, son of Senator Morrill of Vermont. The married couple will leave shortly for a lengthy tour abroad. A Novel Exhibition. Amslerdam, April 23.— A carions and interesting exhibition was opened here to day ander the direction of the Netherlands Philatelic society affording one of the most attractive and memorable lea tu res of the fifth annual reunion of the members of the Association. The special displays at the International Exhibition of postage stamps are more comprehensive and of greater his torical value than those of former years and are especially interesting to the anti* quarian. The museum of incidental curi osities, however, which was not seen at its best until to-day, is one of the most nuvel additions to theee annual displays and in cludes historical portraitures of postmas ters, poet riders and poet messengers of this and earlier ages, many of which no donbt will be reproduced in the illustrated journals and magazines of the day. The judges will hold a special meeting this evening to decide upon the order in which the prizes are to be awarded among the many competitors and the majority of the foreign representatives of the Association. No Sunday Trains. Detroit, April 28. —The Michigan Cen tral will hereafter ran no freight trains on Snnday except when absolutely necessary for the conveyaoce of perishable goods and live stock, Gonld Elected. New York, April 23.— Jay Gonld to day was elected president of the Texas Pa* cific railroad, in place of John C. Brown, who resigned. Palmer For Public Printer. Washington, April 23. —Tbe opinion gains strength that Frank Palmer, of Illi nois will be appointed Pablic Printer. Burned tbe Town. New York, April 23.— Capt. Miller, of tbe steamer Caroline Miller, arrived this morning from Cape Haytien. He reports that the forces of Legitime burned and destroyed the town of Petite Revere on the 7th inst. _ _ _ Chief Clerk. Washington, April 24.—W. B. Coowey, of Pennsylvania, has been appointed Chief Clerk of the Poetoffice department. Blaine Slightly III. Washington, April 24.— Secretary Blaine is suffering from a slight attack of lnmbago. He remained at home to-day. Price ot silver. New York, April 24.— Bar silver 92. BISHOP NEWMAN. His Views as to the Southern Question. Charleston, S. C., April 24— Bishop John H. Newman, of Omaha, has written an open letter on the Southern question to the Netcs and Courier. Referring to his speech at the Virginia Conference, he says: "Yon have the race question to settle as to white and black; we have a race ques tion to settle between the American born and foreign born. With yon it is a ques tion with your own people; with ns it is the North against Europe, and yon have tbe easier task. The Sonth has not been overrun by foreigners indifferent to onr in stitutions. This is what I meant by 'Purest American blood was to be fonnd in tbe Sontb,' and that because of this the South would have to march forth in de fense of our dearest iostitutions. I had been saying this in the North for the past twenty years on many public occasions. It was a joy to me that I found young men in Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia and Vir ginia loyal to the Union. I suggested to the administration to put men in office in the South of high repate, who will pro mote Southern prosperity, intelligence and religion. It is rumored that Harrison is about to carry out this plan regardless of party lines in the South." NATIONAL JOCKEY CLUB. The Spring Meeting Opened at Wash« ington. Washington, April 24.—[Special.]— The spring meeting of the National Jockey Club commenced under the most promising and favorable indications on the Ivy City racing grounds to-day. There are over four hundred horses entered for the vari ous events. The attendance at the pre liminary races of the meeting is unusually large. Captain Brown has twenty-four horses on the grounds, the largest string perhaps of any one owner, with Reporter and Delaulter among the number, from whom great things are of course expected. Telic Doe is among the fourteen animals entered by Mr. Jennings. She has as com panions Swift, Biggonette and Frank Ward. Davis & Hall's stables are repre sented by sixteen likely looking animals, with Base and Patrocles at their bead. Green B Morris has a string of eleveD, among them Sam Harper, Old Favor, Brait and King Idle. Mr. Burch also has eleven entries, among them the celebrated Judge Murray, a horse that was regarded last year as the crack 3-year-old. Other important entries are made by Mr. Bradley and Col. Doswell, of Virginia; Gov. Bowie, J. A. and A. H. Morris, of Maryland; R. W. Walden, the Excelsior and the Lake land.stables of New York, Lamaaney Bros., of Lexington, Cotton & Boyle, of New Jer sey, and others. The Jockey Clnb has countenanced a new departure in the mat ter of betting privileges, which is likely to be followed by other racing and trotting associations this season. Instead of letting the privilege to an association at so mach per day, as heretofore, individual book makers and firms are given permission to do business on tbe grounds at $75 per day each, and the innovation appears to be working to the satisfaction of everybody interested. Invasion of the Cherokee Lands. St. Louis, April 24 —A large meeting of Oklahoma boomers who failed to get claims was held at Arkansas City last night to organize a Cherokee Strip colony, the mem bers of which were to go immediately into the strip and take claims. Several han dled voted to go to the strip and take claims and hundreds voted to go there very soon. It is believed 200 settlers will leave to-morrow. If they do thousands of others will follow. A meeting was also held on the north line of Oklahoma yester day and many settlers sqnatted on the Btrip. This movement is unlawful and the sqnatters will in all likelihood be driven oat by the military. Three Were Killed. Fort Reno, I. T., April 24.—A settler named Goodwin arrived here yesterday from Oklahoma and reported to the post commander that he and three others were fired upon by a party of twelve Texan claim jumpers. Goodwin is the only one who escaped, the other three being killed. A detachment of troops has been sent to the scene to investigate and arrest the guilty parties. Alert Indians--One Man Killed. Guthrie, Oklahoma, April 24.—A rising of Indians is reported on tbe border on account of disappointed boomers squat ting on Indian lands. Troops have been sent to tbe scene of trouble. Another man, named [J. C. Rylaod, of Franklin county, Mo, was killed here by a claim jumper. A posse pnrsned the mur derers, three in nnmber, discovered one in the bashes and shot him down. Name un known. Michigan Wool Clip. Ostemo, Mich., April 24.—[Special.] — The annual sheep-shearing commenced here to-day and unusually favorable pre dictions are made as to the general average resalts. The fleeces are reported to be not only heavier than those clipped daring the last two or three years, bat show a marked superiority in texture, an improvement which is attributed in no small measare to educational work of the Southwestern Michigan Sheep-Breeder's Association in this important branch of State husbandry. 1 he French Conspirators Expelled From Belgium. Brussels, April 24. —Boulanger, Coant Dillon and six other Bonlangista left for England yeeterday. They appeared gloomy and dejected. No crowd witnessed their departure, nor was there any cheering or » nthnsiasm. Tbe party .sailed from Ostend. Ronchfort remains here, bat it is reported he will be expelled shortly. London, April 24. —Boulanger arrived in this city this afternoon and took head quarters at the Hotel Bristol. A large crowd of his admirers gathered in front of the hotel and extended a cordial welcome. NAVAL HEROES. It is not alone, nor chiefly, that naval heroism is seen in the hour of battle or the moment of victory. It is seen most con spicuously in tLe hour of impending and inevitable doom such as confronted the officers and crews of the doomed American war ships battling with tbe terrific hurri cane in the harbor of Apia. Speaking of the Trenton's crew the London Telegraph says: "Consider the scene, and the matchless heroism and generosity of this Yankee crew. Almost sure of instant death them selves, they could see the Queen's ship fighting the hurricane and appreciate the gallantry of the effort with the generous pleasure of true mariners. We do not know in all naval records any sound which makes finer music upon the ear than the cheer of the Trenton's men. It was distressed manhood greeting trium phant manhood—the doomed saluting the saved. It was pluckier and more human than any cry raised upon the deck of a victorious line-of-battle ship. It never can be forgotten, never mast be forgotten by Englishmen speaking of Americans. That dauntless cheer to the Caliope was the ex pression of an immortal courage." It takes heroes to appreciate heroic action. The superiority of the English navy never consisted so mach in the num ber and size of its ships as in the skill and conrage of its seamanship. And in this respect the American navy is its peer in every respect. The spirit of Paul Jones, Decatur, Bainbridge and Farragnt lives in the breast of every officer and sailor that treads the deck of an American ship. What the United Statei needs is the ships and gnns to fit the spirit of our officers and men. With the most powerful navy in every other respect we should never be master of the seas without superiority in cool aDd exhaustless skill and courage in the hour of danger. The inci dent of which the Telegraph speaks was not the only one that occurred in that un equal contest in the storm-stricken harbor of Apia. The sound of the music of the Star Spangled Banner, beard above tbe roar of the hurricane and the surging of tbe fretful billows as they break upon tbe fatal reef, still fills tbe air aDd has been beard all over the world. What our country needs is ships worthy of such men. Cannot onr mechanics and shipbuilders in their line keep step to the music of tbe Star Bangled Banner and give us quarter decks worthy of such heroes to tread? Will not the richest and most resourceful nation in the world come promptly forward to meet the equipment worthy of such heroic men? If we were weak and poor we might be excused for dereliction of duty in this respeck, bat with an overflowing treasury and a superfluity of resources it is more than a shame, it is a crime, for us not to bave ships that will af ford every attainable security in storm or battle lor those so heroically devoted to the honor of their country's flag. SAVED. There are millions of anxions hearts that will be thrilled with joy to hear the welcome news that the passengers and crew of the ill-fated Danmark are safe. As the days multiplied since the first news came of finding the abandoned ship, fears increased and the suspense of those most directly connected with aoy included in the passenger list became almost distract ing. Bat we had faith that never faltered that nnless some other accident had hap pened all would appear safe at last. It was certain that they were not on the Danmark when it went down, and the veesel, though on the wide ocean, was in the ronte where ships are seldom oat of sight of one another. The loss of the ship and the effects of the passengers is a serions one, bat as com pared with the vaine of a single life, are hardly worth mentioning. A hearty and hospitable reception awaits the rescued and the rescuers when they shall appear, and we can appreciate the vaine of the cable in relieving os of an oppressive suspense. _ The picture of thousands of eager* men and not a few spirited women racing over the borders of Oklahoma to secure a quar ter section of vacant land or a corner lot in some new city not a day old, is a spectacle such as no other age or country has ever seen. 11 would take a Dickens to do the subject justice. No doubt the railroads have done mach to kindle the fever. It is harvest time for them and they are making hay while the snn shines. Bereft of all the artificial excitement connected with this Oklahoma boom, there is still a great ground swell beneath that will not ex haust itself in one breaking wave. It is part of that great human tide that has been overspreading the whole frontier, only breaking ont in violence when it meets ob struction. The coantry embraced in the frontier States and Territories is weil adapted for rapid settlement. There are no foreets to clear away by the hard labor of years. There is no tedious and expen sive journey of months to reach the scene of operations. The railroads are every where in advance of settlement, beckoning the land-hnngry throng. The emigrant with his family and household effects, team and farming implements are tarnsported in a week to the scene of his labors and at once begins to break land for bis crops, and while these are growing he pats ap his «ady made house, surrounds his breakings with a wire fence and tbe work that took years for a past generation is now done in as many months. The market follows close at his heels, grain buyers bargaining for his crop before it is grown. In all the history of the world there was nothing like it ever seen before. The rash becomes greater year by year and will continue no donbt till there is not a vacant quarter section within onr borders. Whether we coart it or not, it will soon be poaring over the borders of Mont a*. Nothing can prevent it Cities spring ap in a night and States are settled ap in a few months. When all the vacant lands are occupied, then a bet ter system of cultivation will begin and prices of land will become settled and eqnalized and there will be a general ad vance in price all over the coantry. One year in each an age and coantry is worth a thousand in Carthage. : j : CONSTITUTIONAL PROHIBITION The result of the vote on constitutional prohibition in Massachusetts yesterday is likely to be very mach misunderstood and misinterpreted. It is not to be construed as indicating that a majority of the people in that State are tired of the temperance movement and will have no more of it. Massachusetts has had a prohibitory liquor law since 1851, and an entire generation ot those now on the stage of action have been reared under its operations. While in some parts of the State the law is fairly enforced and with some good results, it is notorious that in the larger cities, where there is most need of its application, it has become a dead letter. After this trial of the law, with all the repairs that coaid be sQggested, each year making it more strin gent, it lias seemed folly that any better results could be expected from patting it in the fc ndamentai law, which will still need ordinary legislation to carry into effect. Prohibition enforced by the most strin gent legislation is practically a fail are. The very men who vote for each laws dis obey them, evade them and countenance evasion in others. There were as many sheep stolen in England when the penalty was hanging as afterward when the pen alty was proportioned to the offense. A law without a public conscience or senti ment backof it is anonentity, or at most an ideality. Possibly the time may come when pablic sentiment would approve aud enforce prohibition, but our opinion is that when such a tune does come, there will be : little need of u. We constiue the vote in Massachusetts aud other States that have wrestled longer j with prohibition to be an expression of a general conviction that they are working on the wrong line and that more practical methods are needed to deal with practical : evils. High license has done more to diminish the liqnor nuisance than anything else, and for that reason we prefer it. So long as the State can command the support of the great majority in lopping oil' and fencing in the abases of the drinking habit it will meet with success, but no moral boom is going to eradicate the appetite for some form of stimulas to keep up with tbe rash and excitement of modern life. It is painfnl to think of all the misdi rected effort that has been squandered by the adoption of false methods, and a mis understanding of the subject, but the sooner people recover their senses and go sensibly to work, the sooner will temper ance triumph._ BOOMERS' DAY. The center of interest in this country for one day, at least, and probably many more, is Oklahoma. At 12 o'clot k to-day the grand race and scramble was to begin. If there were an Eiffel tower in the center of Oklahoma to day there are plenty of men who would pay high prices to get such a perch to see the Iud, and we almost wonder that some enterprising balloonist has not entered so rich a harvest field for news and a moving spectacle. Such a race was probably never before witnessed in any age or coantry. No doubt a considerable part of the throng is made ap of spectators rather than homesteaders. Busy towns will be depopulated and others started within twenty four hours. While there is a fair number of prizes for distribution tbe ma jority will draw blanks. The venture will be a boomerang to most of the boomers. In a moment of admirable enthusiasm and to save its vast pablic domain irom fall ing a prey to railroad corporations, the peo ple of Texas devoted upwards of 60,000, J00 acres, one-third of its entire area, to the endowment of pablic free schools. The magnitude of this grant may be measured by the fact that it almost equals that of the general government in giving the 16th and 36th sections to all the States and Terri tories in which there are any pablic lands tobe given away. The entire appropria tion from the general government will amount to little over 67,000,000 acres. Had the people of Texas farther provided that theee lands should not be sold for less than $10 per acre, as in onr enabling act, the people coaid have looked forward in a few years to having a permanent school fand of $600,000,000. If they had gone still farther, as we hope the people of Montana will do when framing a constitu tion, and declared that these lands should never be sold, bat kept as a permanent in vestment for the benefit of the schools, the time will just as sorely come when this fond would be worth billions. It would have been the grandest school fand that the world coaid contemplate. The Texas school lands have been sold for 50 cents an acre and mach of this money has been lost. The post of honor that Texas has lost may be taken by Montana. If we will resolve to keep onr school lands as the best investment for the purpose, we shall in time have the largest, richest school en dowment of any State in the world. The opportunity should not be lost. The Journal contains this among its "temi-official" specials from Washington: One of the quietest and least obtrnoive Congressmen who visit the White Honse is Fred T. Dubois, delegate from Idaho. He has not asked for a great deal, because in the nature of things he has bat few offices to fill: but his recommendations have been concurred in every time. He bas had an almost continuous fight with a few men who came on here daring the inaugaral period, and who expected to run things to soit themselves, bat failed lamen'ably. In spite of the annoyance caased by these conflicts, Dubois is favored above all other representatives. Quite a contrast to Montana's popular delegate, Mr. Carter. He bad "a few men" to fight, and the "few men" seem to have got the best of it Young Mr. Harrison has controlled the appointment of Federal officers in Montana, and has made no bones in taking nnto himself the credit therefor.. Bat the average Republican of Montana wonders at his gall in pnblicly insalting oar Delegate by the publication in his paper of the above. In representing Mon tana at the White House Russell B. may at present hold the top hand, but when in a few months we shall blossom into State hood T. H. Carter will probably show the winning cards. THE WORLD'S FINANCIAL CEN TER. A few days ago the city of New York negotiated at par a loan of $70,500,000 in 31 per cent, bonds. When it is con sidered that the oldest and richest cities of Europe have never negotiated any loan at par bearing less than 3 per cent., the sig nificance of this achievement may be ap preciated. It is not because profitable in vestments are lacking in tbe field of active enterprise, but because wealth is so abun dant in this country. Immense fortunes are inherited by those who do not want to engage in any industrial pursuits, and do not care so much about the rate of interest as some safe investment that coaid easily be con verted into cash. If our general govern ment wanted to borrow a billion, there is little doabt it coaid be bad at 2£ per cent and wonld be taken in a week. It was accounted a great achievement for Goschen, the British finance minister, to convert the English consols into a per manent loan that will bear 2J per cent for j a term and after that 21 per cent. Bat these consols are below par and will re main so. The fact is that onr nation without be ing conscious of it has become the richest I in the world, and New York city as its I financial centre is justly entitled to be ; called the greatest money centre at i present time. The great money tran sactions of the world hereafter will take place in New York instead of London. Undertakings will presently be beard of in New York that will dwarf all previous combinations of money kings and settle the issues of peace and war among the older nations of the world. If China or Australia, and any of tfie South Ameri can states wants a general railway system constructed application will be made in j New York instead of London. The price of silver and all other metals will soon be settled on this side of the ocean. If a billion of dollars is wanted to construct irrigation reservoirs and canals for onr arid section, and it can be shown to be a per, manent paying investment, the money could be raised in this country on short notice. The wealth of the United States at this very time is increasing at the rate of five millions per day. THE COMING CENTENNIAL. Within one short week our people will be invited to turn aside for a day to cele brate in a becoming and grateful spirit the completion of a century of government un der a constitutional President. Some of our people may think that it concerns them very little because they cannot be present in New York City, where Washington was inaugurated.. But there is not a square inch of area in this coantry that has not the same interest in this celebration as New York city. The power of the consti tution and the laws and the authority of the President is everywhere the same. The humblest citizen on the most distant frontier has the same stake in the perpetu ity and prosperity of this great Republic, j wherein the people are the sovereigns and the office bearers servants. Onr people have such little experience and faculty for celebrating holidays that it will be too mach to expect a general ob servance in any appropriate fashion. Bat t is certainly an occasion for general grati tude to the Rnler of the Universe that onr country has been so signally preserved aod blessed; that onr institutions have been continued and more firmly established. What we possess and enjoy we have in a great measare inherited from others and hold only in trust to transmit unimpaired and reinvigorated. It will be not only a day for thanksgiv ing and praise, bat of serions reflection upon the grave responsibilities that accom pany such a weighty trust. When abont to frame onr State Constitu tion let ns inquire diligently for the beet fruits of a century's experience to inclnde in onr fondamental law. The present consumption of wheat in this coantry is abont 325,000,000 basbels per annam and the snrplus for export about 125,000,000 bnshels. It is estimated that by 1906 it will reqnire 500 000,000 bnshels of wheat to supply the home de mand in this coantry. Europe's average annual deficiency is abont 170,000,000 bnshels. The wheat acreage of India is abont 28,000,000 and the yield only aver ages 9 to 10 bushels per acre. Australia only exported 20.000,000 bnshels last year and is very uncertain on account of drought. Canada exports bat little over 2,000,000 bushels. Oa the whole it looks very much as if the supply of wheat was going to tall short of the demand year by year. Our sage brash plains that with irrigation will yield 40 bnshels of wheat to the acre will very soon be worth $100 per acre. They are the strongest, wheat lands in the world and constitute one of our re sources. When wheat is worth $1 per bushel agriculture in Montana will be a leading industry. The Board of Trade Journal is an ad mira nie publication, bat we cannot endorse the hostility to railroads in the National park. It virtually excludes the vast ma jority of onr people of moderate means and limited leisnre. While there are thonsands who will go at any 'cost and ' trouble, there are hundreds of thousands ; who wonld go with proper facilities and : more reasonable ratts, each as railroads alone can give. If the object is to provide I a pbamre ground for the few, then confine : transportation to horse power, bat if the aim is a broader and loftier one for the million, then have railroads of some kind on some terms that can furnish all the transportation cheap and qnick from one center of interest to the other. Brother Whelpley, of the Livingstoa Post, fires his first editorial gun at Helena and assures his readers that there is a " deep laid scheme " to despoil Helena of the capital and remove it to LivingstOD. This is a gunpowder plot that will make Helenitee shake—with laughter. MASONIC JUBILEE. The Brothers of the Empire State Celebrate To-Day. New York, April 24.—[Special].--The grand Masonic jubilee, which opened so auspiciously here this morniDg, is des tined to be hereafter recognized as one of the most important events connected with the history of the fraternity in the United States. It is an occasion ot undisguised gratification to the 100,000 members ot the order throughout the State, and particularlv to Grand Master Lawrence. It was origi nally decided to hold the thanksgiving feeti val and commemoration a week ago, but it was subsequently thought better to post pone it until after Holy Week, and to-dav was accordingly chosen as a more accepta ble date. Four years ago, when Grand Master Lawrence was installed to tbe ex alted office which he has so eminently filled, a craft debt of over $500,000 stared him in the face. It was inenrred by the scheme to establish the new Masonic Hall and Asylum Fund. The erection of the Masonic Temple cost over $1,000,000 and when it was finished the craft found a debt of $500,000 standing in the way of the proposed asylum for widows and orphans, which it was planned could be built and maintained from the revenues of the temple building. In 1885 the new Grand Master and his staff began to agitate the subject of raising funds to pay off the debt. This at length has been happily accomplished and the erection ot the State Masonic Home, which has so long been held in contemplation, can now be at once proceeded with. To commemorate the gratifying outcome of the earnest and suc cessful work undertaken by the Grand Lodge four years ago to day's jubilee is be ing held and it will be observed by the 717 lodges situated in the cities, towns and vil lages throughout the entire State. Yes, Helena wants a park, and wants it bad, and not one only, bat several of them. Every city addition should have a park, as one ox' tbe conditions of its acceptance. Parks are not simply uxnries, they ..on tribute to the health and safety of a large city. If the people of Helena would move in earnest, Congress would give ^ them Mount Helena for pleasure grounds,Hand we might have electric motor cars carryiLg hundreds up to that sightly point of obser vation every day. There is not a picture gallery in the world so fine as the'view that would stretch oat before the visitor. And then some of our millionaires would, in a moment of prophetic ambition, give the means to place a first-class telescope on that sightly spot, so that the visitors could catch an entrancing view of heaven as well as earth. Lewis and Clarke county is likely to be one of the last in the field with candi dates for the Constitutional Convention, but as the ; important part of the work will be in the selection of candidates that Work can proceed as well before as after the con veD lions meet. Though party lines will be observed in the preliminaries, there will be more than asual indepen dence in voting, and we have faith that the party that puts up the best men will have a majority iu the convention. St. Louis Globe-Democrat: Montana, according to the Democrats, is sore to give big Democratic majorities in tbe coming election for Members of Congress, the Leg islature and State officers. The Democrats were even more confident six mouths ago abont New York and Indiana, bat tbe result proved that they were mistaken« Montana is not in the Democratic lati tude. _ The change of treasurers in Washington and New York city involves the necessity of counting $831,000,000 in gold, silver| currency and bonds. Uncle Sam's pockets are fall to overflowing, and it is only an ordinary day's transaction to redeem four or five millions of outstanding bonds. We can bnild that navy, pay our debt before maturity and still reduce taxation. The people of Minnesota are beginning the war on grasshoppers early and in earnest. The principal seat of the war is the Perham prairie, where 17,000 bushels of the pest were harvested last year About 5,000 acres there are to be plowed at once. _ A NEW apportionment bill bas passed the Minnesota Legislature which adds seven to the nnmber of Senators and eleven to the members of the House. The in crease goes to the northern part ot the State. _ Cats are in grear demand in Dakota to destroy the mice that swarm aroued the corn and wheat bins, and farmers pay as high as $3 a piece for a good mouser. Two car loads of cats have been gathered op in Dnbnqne tor the Dakota market. It is expected that there will be 100,000 people in line at the celebration in New York next Tuesday, and all the window rights along the ronte have been sold it high figures._ Oklahoma is threatened with Weaver, whose political capital in Iowa is ei hansted. His presence in Oklahoma Jwould be worse that a combination of grasshop pers and cyclones. It seems a poor introduction to Okla* homa, where the boomers have to pay five cents for a drink of water. We should think well digging wonld pay better at present than homsteading. Tom Reed wants the extra ser-sion called for the middle of October . Possibly the admission of the new States may be completed by that time. There is war between Churchill and Chamberlain and a disruption of the Lib eral-Unionists is probable. Home rule goes marching ou all tbe same. Kossuth, instead of dymg as expected| is improving aod may yet live to see great c muges in Europe. The Samoan conference opens at Berlin A. iril 29. Herbert Bismarck and De Kranel are the German commissioners.