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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, April 25, 1889, Image 6

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Suffering of the Crowds of Townsite
Boomers in Oklahoma.
Thousands Clamor for Food, Water and
Dismal Experiences at Guthrie—Great
Numbers Leaving and Others
Great Suttering Among the People-
No Food or W ater to be Had.
Chicago, April 23. —A Daily Aeics
special from Guthrie. Oklahoma, via Ar
kansas City, says: Guthrie is pluDged in
seemingly inextricable confusion. The
differences of rival factions at the seat
to control the town have battled the efforts
of half a dozen public meetings to settle
them. Excitement is at a very high pitch
and confidence is beginning to waver. The
suffering of 15,000 unsheltered and un
provisioned people is something that could
be endured only amid such furore. The
scenes of night and day are unexampled.
Thousands are fleeing the town and coun
try and thousands more are pouring in.
There is a feeling of wild uncertainty and
apprehension that amounts to destruction.
There is no food, no water and no cover for
the bitter cold of the night and withering
heat of the day. The railroad is gorged
with business and is temporarily inopera
tive. The townsite is changed every hour
by rival parties, as each secures temporary
power. Not a building has been started
and but few more tents have been reared.
Nobody knows where the streets are and
every one just now is yielding all things
else for the clamor for food, drink and shel
ter or means of light To complete this
tremendous excitement a disastrous wreck
occurred just sonth of the town during the
forenoon. A freight and passenger train
met and both engines went into the ditch.
No one was hart bat the track was block
aded for hoars
The sight at Gnthrie upon which the snn
rose this morning, was never before wit
nessed in the history of the world. The
majority of 15,000 people lay blanketless
upon the ground gnardiDg their claims, or
slumbering where they had fallen of
fatigue. Upon the depot platform they lay
as close as corded wood, and in the few
tents they crowded in huddled masses. As
many as could took the meagre shelter
afforded, but there quickly came a limit to
their capacity, beyond which neither terms
or bribes conld prevail. Among the thou
sands stretched upon the gronnd, many of
them were of respectable quality. Those
who conld not sleep (and they were legion)
in the cold, crouched in groups swearing or
weeping, as suited their spirits.
The snn fairly leaped out of the prairie
and within two hoars the cold had been sup
planted with Sahara heat. The wind rose,
without a cooling effect, and blew like a
sorocco, that scorched the face and filled
the air with blinding alkali dost. To com
plete the general misfortunes the only large
tent, which was accommodating one thou
sand people, fell ander the stress of the
furnace blast. It conld not be repaired,
and other tents conld scarcely be mounted.
The climate provoked an insatiable thirst,
and water was the first supply to fail.
There is quite a stream hardby bat the water
is too alkaline to drink. The railroad tank,
that takes its supply by a gravity pipe
from a distant elevated spring, afforded the
only possible drinking water, and it is
brackish. It was attacked by thousands
of people until the railway officials called
for military protection under the pretense
that they needed the water to operate the
road. The tank men, however, sold the
water at five cents a pint thereafter, as did
the locomotive engineers] from their tanks.
Conditions Under Which the Sionx
Part With Their Reservation.
Washington, April 23.—The act under
which the Sionx Commission was yester
day appointed is similar in general objects'
provisions and form to the act passed in
the first session of the Fiftieth Congress,
which the Indians rejected, chiefly because
of the unsatisfactory price and terms of
payment offered them for the lands to he
ceded thereunder. The points of difference
ars summarized as follows : The Pine
Kidge reservation to be extended east 18
or 20 miles and the Rosebud reservation
correspondingly reduced on the West Flan
dreau. The Sioux, who may elect not to
take allotments of the great Sionx reserva
tion, are to be paid $1.25 per acre in lien
of the allotments instead of 50 cents as
previously provided. The quantity of
land to be allotted the heads of families of
the Sionx nation on their diminished reser
vation is double the quantity previously
provided. Allotments in severalty are not
to be compulsory, except as to orpnans
withont the consent of the majority of the
male adults of the tribe.
Every allottee is made a citizen of the
United States, and is given the benefit of
and made subject to the laws of the State
or Territory within which he resides. The
heads of families who desire to take allot
ments on settled lands will receive 320
acres instead of 160, and the Poncas get
doable the quantity on their own reserva
tion that they would be entitled to nnder
the former act. Horses (mares) ars to be
substituted for oxen. It is in the discre
tion of the Secretary of the Interior in the
distribution of articles and things to he
given to the allottees, and $50 in cash, to
be expended for their benefit.
The permanent fund was increased from
$100,000 to $300,000, and at the end of
filty years the fund was to be expended
for the benefit of the Indians or distributed
among them. Religious societies must pay
$125 per acre for any land they want, in
stead oi 50 cents. Ceded lands are to be
sold to settlers at $1.25 for first three years;
at 75 cents tor the next two years, 50 cents
for the next five years, then the govern
ment is to pay for the remainder at the
rate of 50 cents per acre. The United
states will pay $1.25 per acie for lands re
served for school purposes, instead of 50
ceutB as proposed in the previous act. Red
Clou 1 and the Leak bands are to be paid for
the ponies taken from rhem in 1876.
"Sea Postotfices."
Washington, April April 17.—Super
intendent Bell, of the foreign mail office,
has received a communication from the
postal authorities of Germany recommend
ing the establishment of "tea postoffices' 1
for the distribution of German and Ameri
can mails on shipboard. The Secretary of
the Imperial German Poetoffice, in his com
munication. thinks the sea postoffices conld
greatly facilitate the work of American ex
change offices by distributing the mails
from Germany lor America daring the trip
from Germany to New .York and vice verta.
for immediate forwarding from terminal
The Electric Light Company's Plant
New Yoek, April 17.—The wires came
down with a swish and a rush upon the
cobble stones on Broadway this morning.
In every direction, as far as the eye could
reach, were gangs of men hacking and cut
ting. The contractors had their hands fall
in keeping venturesome pedestrians and
drivers of vehicles from being crushed
nnder the falling poles. The Brush com
pany and the United States Electric Light
company have at last awakened to the fact
that the mayor means business, and it
dawned upon them to day that miles upon
miles of fine copper wire was worth taving.
They will strip everything along the pro
posed route of destruction. They have
already taken down about sixty poles and
several miles of wire.
At the offices of the different companies
this morning everybody looked glum. At
the U. S. office they piedict that electric
lighting has received its death blow. It
costs $300 to stretch a mile of wire over
head. They say it will now cost $3,000 to
i lay a mile of wire underground. In addition
to this the company will have to make its
own connects from subways to houses and
a separate one to each building. They
think an increased charge, necessitated by
the heavy outlay, will make it impossible
to compete with the gas company.
To-night the upper portion of the city,
from 14th Btreet to 59th street, is still
shronded in darkness on account of the
Mayor Grant war on the overhead wires.
Fifth avenue was entirely black from 28th
to 59th street; Broadway from 14th to 29th,
and also the principal cross town streets in
that district. There are few gas lights
New Yoek, April 18.—Two men, Riley
and Brown, while taking down telegraph
wires this morning, were jerked ont of a
window, beiDg entangled in a rope attached
to a falling pole. Both were instantly
After the removal of the bodies of the
dead men and departure of the ambulance,
the work of removing wires went on as
nsnal. Other gangs continued the work
that was being prosecuted in Broadway
yesterday, the company's gangs keeping
ahead of the Mayor's men and trying to
save their wires as far as possible. Con
tractor Bnsby and Inspector Roth, who
were in charge of the work in Sixth Ave
nue and ander whose instructions Riley
and Brown were working when the acci
dent occurred, were arrested and taken to
the Jefferson Market police court.
A witness of the accident testified that
the pole was heavy enough to have palled
the whole side of the house oat and that
Roth had been told so by some of the men.
The witness told the Judge that he would
not have undertaken what Brown and
Riley were asked to do for any considera
tion. Other evidence was given to the ef
fect that Roth was himself holding the
gay rope and that the letting go of that
rope caused the falling of the pole.
Bnsby was discharged and Roth tnrned
over to the Coronor's office.
Contrast Between that Country and
the United States.
Washington, April 23.— Charles Denby,
United States Minister to China, in his re
port to the Department of State, says the
system of taxation in China presents some
decided contrasts to the systems in other
countries. Taxes ontside of Pekin are
paid on arable land only, the tax varying
with the crop and quality of the soil. In
side the city of Pekin there is no tax on
land, however, or personal property.
Goods passing through the gates pay a
tax, bat are exempt from taxation after
wards. The only tax on land and houses
in Pekin is on the sale of real estate, ten
per cent being charged on the price ob
tained for the property sold. There is also
a tax resembling licenee fees. Ontside of
Pekin Chinese subjects are liable to be
called on to perform certain duties when
ever the emperor passes through their dis
trict, bnt this duty may be avoided by the
payment of a small tax. All money spent
for the public account in Pekin comes from
the imperial treasury, and the expenditure
is not limited to funds raised by taxation
within the city.
The bulk of the people in Pekin pay no
taxes whatever. A man who owns his
house and lot, his implements of labor, en
joys his earnings withent taxor deduction.
The minister closes with the iollowing
comment on Chinese taxation as contrasted
with the system of taxation in the United
"How different this is from that of onr
own cities, where sometimes 3 per cent on
a high valuation is exacted for public pur
poses. To the absence of the taxation of
the body of the people may well be as
cribed the permanence of the government
and the tranquility and contentment of the
Chinese race. The lesson of taxation in
China might be profitably studied by the
civilized world. Bat, in view of National,
State, county, township and city indebted
ness piled mountain high, the lesson most
now be valueless to the United States.
English Trade and Commerce.
Washington, April 23. —Consul General
Waller, at London, in his report to the
Department of State, says there has been
a general revival of the trade and com
merce of the United Kingdom. Returns,
he says, clearly show a decided improve
ment in both the volume and character of
the business done in 1888 over the previous
year; and this increased prosperity, which
promises to continue, is not confined to any
particular industry. It is apparently due
to legitimate trade and not to speculation.
Improvement in basinees is especially
notable in the building industry.
Thief Captured and Honey Recovered.
Ventura, Cal., April 23.— To-day at
noon a bold attempt at bank robbery was
made by a man named McCarthy, who was
recently discharged from the county
hospital. He entered Collins & Son's bank
while Cashier Collins was gone to lnnch,
leaving Jack Morrison alone, and com
plained of his poverty and deeparation>
which bad driven him to think of suicide.
He laid a package on the counter which he
said was dynamite and drew a six-shooter
and demanded $30,000. Morrison dodged
behind the counter and ran out of the back
door. The robber then seized a tray con
taining abont $4,000 and walked into the
street. Morrison gave the alarm and the
people gathered in the street. The thief
had a horse hitched near the bank and was
making for that when the Sheriff, who hap
pened to be near bnt without firearms,
stepped into a hardware store and seized a
shotgun. The robber surrendered and the
money was recovered except $20, which
was probably lost in the street.
New National Bank.
Washington. April 23.— The Acting
Comptroller of Cnriency to-day authorized
the Washington National Bank at Tacoma,
W. T., to begin business. Capital, $100,000.
Usurping the Power of the Govern
ment in Alaska
Chicago, April 18 —The Daily News '
Washington special says : A very pretty
little story, which promises to develop into
an interesting trial, comes to Washington
from Alaska. It is to the effect that about
three years ago a man named McPherson
sailed from San Francisco and eventually
landed on one of the Aleutian islands, off
the coast of Alaska. Mr. McPherson's
entire outfit consisted of a suit of clothes
an American flag and cheek enough for a
regiment, together with a paper, purport
ing to have been signed by Attorney Gen
eral Garland, appointing him United States
Commissioner as soon as he landed on the
island. He raised the American flag with
a great deal of ceremony, took command of
600 natives and compelled them to address
him as "King" McPhersoc. Each season
he exacted heavy tribute from the natives
and ^altogether he seems to have had a
lovely time. Things went aloDg very
smoothly until a few months ago, when,
the report Roes, he had some difficulty with
three of his subjects, and fearing it might
be a mutiny, he banged the three rebels.
The report of McPherson's rale reached
the Treasury department and a special
agent was sent to the island to investigate
the matter. This agent recently reported
the facts to Secretary Windom substan
tially as giveD above. Now it is Baid
a revenue cutter will be sent to the island
for the purpose of arresting McPherson.
It is the intention of the authorities to
bring him to San Francisco and try him
for mnrder.
Prospects for a Large]Yield Through
out the Country.
St. Louis, April 18. —The Republic will
print to-morrow a report giving the fruit
and vegetable prospecta of the whole conn
try. The reports have all been written
daring the present month by the best in
formed parties in their respective States.
The peach crop is expected to be the larg
est ever grown. Pear bads are alive at
this time in every State in the Union and
the season being so far advanced that a
crop is assured in the South and West, al
though it is too early to safely predict a
fall yield, yet, good crops are expected.
The crop of apples will be mach smaller
♦h»n that of last year, it being the off year
for the crop at many of the big shipping
stations. The strawberry crop is hardly
np to the average, yet, it will be mach
larger than that of 1888, which was the
lightest in many years. The pear crop will
average light through its great enemy the
"blight." The grape crop in the West and
South has been favored with a mild winter
so that bnt little injury has been inflicted
and nearly double the yield of last year is
looked for.
Florida is now the most formidable rival
of all the Southern States as a shipper of
early frnits and vegetablee. Getting into
every market east and west before any
other State by several weeks and her or
ange crop promises to be larger than that
of last year, the heaviest on record. Cali
fornia it seems is drying and evaporating
her fruits to a mach greater extent since
the Inter State commerce law raised the
rates to the distant markets. Yet almost
unprecedented low prices. prevailing
for dried and evaporated fruit now and for
months past, will discourage the operators
and rednee the amount of frnit saved so
largely in all the States.
Live Stock.
Chicago, April 17—Cattle—Receipts,
13,000; slow and 10 lower; beeves,4 00©4.50;
steers, [email protected]; stockera and feeders 2.40
©3.70; Texas steers, 2 [email protected]
Sheep— Receipts, 7,000; strong; natives,
[email protected] 60; Western com fed, [email protected]
Tevas, [email protected]
Chicago, April 18.—Cattle—Receipts,
12,500; slow and a shade lower, choice
tto extra beeves, [email protected]; steers, 3.30
@4.20; stockera and feeders, 260©
3.60; Texas cattle, [email protected]
Sheep—Receipts, 7,000; market steady;
natives, [email protected] 50; western, corn-fed, 4 90
@5.25;Texans, [email protected]
Chicago, April 19.—Cattle—Receipts,
7,000; steady; beeves, 4 25®4 35; Bteers 3.25
@4 00; stockers and feeder*, [email protected] 60;
Texas steers, [email protected]
Sheep—Receipts, 6,000; steady; natives,
3.75©5.40; western corn fed, [email protected]:
Texas, [email protected]
Chicago, April 22 —Cattle—Receipts
8,000; strong; ten higher; steers [email protected];
beeves, [email protected]; Btockere and leedere,
2 50®3.60; Texas steers. 3 25®3 95.
Sheep—Receipts, 6,000; steady; natives,
[email protected]; Western corn fed, 4.90©5.30.
Lambs, [email protected]
Chicago, April 23.—Cattle—Receipts
1000; market steady; beeves [email protected] 60;
steers [email protected]; stockera and feeders
[email protected]; Texas steers $3 3[email protected] 90.
Sheep—Receipts 6000; market stroDg; na
tives $3.75®5.40; western corn fed $4 90©
5 30.
Wool Market.
Boston, April 79.—It has been dull in
the wool market this week, but prices have
not been materially changed. The tend
ency is in favor of buyers. Fine territory
wool is inquired for at 60 clean. Texas,
California and Oregon wools are dnll.
Philadelphia, April 19 —Wool quiet
and prices unchanged.
Boston, April 23.—The movement in
all kinds of wool the past week has been
moderate. The sales have been confined to
small lota, and in this way previous pric es
have been realized. Bat to move large
lines concessions would have to he made.
Territory and other unwashed wools in fair
demand, and for fine 56®60 will be psid;
and for medium and fine medium, 50® 55;
clean and palled wools steady; demand
with eales; super, [email protected]; and extra, 26®
30; foreign held firm and meets with good
Philadelphia, April 23.—Wool quiet
and nnchanged.
Good Wheat Prosp cts.
ST. Paul, April 17.—The Pioneer Preis
in the morning will publish reporta from
the sections covering abont half the wheat
produced in Minnesota and Dakota. From
these reports it seems that 190 stations re
port good to excellent condition of the
gronnd, 30 consider it fair, while only 10
rate it as not good. It has rained within
the past week and the dry spell is broken.
Yellow Fever Epidemic.
Baltimore, April 23.—Health Commis
sioner Stuart, of this cily, to-day received
a dispatch from Surgeon General Hamiitoo,
of the Marine Hospital Service, U. S. Nary,
notifying him that at Santos and Rio
Janeiro, the two ports from which the
coffee importers of this city receive almost
all their coffee, yellow fever is raging with
greater violence than ever before. The
doctors of Rio Janeiro have become so
mach alarmed at the prospective loss of
the commerce of the country that they call
the disease "accesso perniseioeo," hoping
the new name will allay the fears of
proposed tourists. At the time of the last
report from Rio there had been 186 deaths
from yellow lever in four days.
National Salute to be Fired.
Washington, April 23.— The Secretary
of War has ordered the commanding offi
cers at all military posts to fire a national
sainte of 38 guns on April 30, the centen
nary of Washington.
Itching Skin Diseases
I scratched 28 years. Body covered with
scales. Scratched all the time. Suffer
ing endless and without relief. Cured
by the Cuticura Remedies. Skin now
as clear as a baby's.
If I had known of the CuTircRA Remedies
twenty-eight years ago, it would have saved me
$ 200.00 (two hundred dollars) and an immense
amount of suffering. My disease (psoriasis) com
menced on my head in a spot not larger than a
cent. It spread rapidly all over my body and got
under my nails. The scales would drop off of me
all the time, and my suffering was endless, and
without relief. One thousand dollars would not
tempt me to have this disease over again. I am a
poor man, but feel rich to be relieved of what some
of the doctors said was leprosy, some ringworm,
psoriasis, etc. I took . . . and . . . Sarsaparilla»
over one year and a half, but no cure. I went to
two or three doctors, and no cure. I cannot praise
the Cuticura Remedies too much. They have
made my skin as clear and free from scales as a
baby's. All I used of them was three boxes of
Cuticura, and three bottles of Cuticura Resolv
ent, and two cakes of Cuticura Soap. If you
had been here aud said you would have cured me
for $200.00, you would have had the money. I
looked like the picture in your book of psoriasis
(picture number two, " How to Cure Skin Dis
eases"), but now I am as clear as any person ever
was. Through force of habit, I rub my hands over
my arms and legs to scratch once in a while, but
to no purpose. 1 am all well. I scratched twenty
eight years, and it got to be a kind of second nature
to me. I thank you a thousand times. Anything
more that you want to know, write me, or any one
who reads this may write to me, and I will an
swer it.
Waterbuby, Vt., Jan. 20, 1887.
To cleanse the skin and blood of every blemish
and impurity, no agency in the world of medicine
is so speedy and infallible us the Cuticura Reme
Cuticura, the great skin cure, instantly allays
the most agonizing itchiug and inflammation,
clears the skin and sculp of every trace of disease,
heals ulcers and sores, removes crusts and scales,
and restores the hair. Cuticura Soap, the great
est of skin beautiliers, is indispensable in treating
skin diseases and baby humors. It produces the
whitest, clearest skin and softest hand», free from
pimple, spot, or blemish. Cuticura Resolvent,
the new blood purifier, cleanses toe blood of all
PLES, blackheads, red, rough, chapped aud
oily skin prevented by Cuticura Soap.
Established 1864.
Importers of and Jobbers and Retail Dealers|in
Heavy Shelf andZBuilding
Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn
W. G. Fisher's Cincinnati Wrought Iron Ranges for Hotels and Family Dse.
Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoe», Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt
ing, Force ^and|[Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods,
Centennial Réfrigéra lore, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers,
Water Coolers Etc., Etc.
Ylsltors to the City are] rewpeotfnlly Invited to rail and Examine onr Good»
and price« before purchasing.
32 and 34 Main'Street, - - - - - Helena, M. T.
y Delicious Biscuit
Ask your Grocer for
__ ibiolatelj Put.
New Arrival of
We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon
tana. Orders receive prompt attention.
Having leased the two upper floors of the Davidson Block and con
jeted same with our already immense Salerooms, we now occupy four
itire floors extending through the whole block from Jackson to Main
reet, stocked throughout with goods of every grade and at prices that
ify competition. Every purchase made STRICTLY FOR CASH
reet from FIRST HANDS and shipped in CAR LOADS ONLY. An
amination of stock and prices solicited.
Pianos. OraanL and MjsicaI Merchandise.
Every night I scratched nntil the skin was
raw. Body covered with scales like
spots of mortar. An awful Spectacle.
Entirely cured by the Cuticura Rem
edies in five weeks.
I am going to tell you of the extraordinary
cure your Cuticura Remedies performed on
me. About the 1st of April last I noticed some
red pimples like coining out all over my bdüy, but
thought nothing of it until some time later on,
when it began to look like spots of m ;rtar spotted
on, and which came off in layers, accompanied
with itching. I would scratch every nijht until I
was raw, then the next night tho scales, being
formed meanwhile, were scratched off attain. In
vain did I consult all the doctors in the country,
but without aid. After giving up all hopes of r„
covcry, I happened to see an advertisement in tnt.
newspaper about your Cuticura Remedies, anJ
purchased them from my druggist, aud obtained
almost immediate r lief. I began to notice that the
scaly eruptions gradually dropped off and disap
peared one by one, and have been fully cured. I
had the disease thirteen months In-fore I began
taking the Cuticura Remedies, and in four or
five weeks was entirely cured. My disease was
eczema and psoriasis. I recommended the Cuti
cuua Remedies to all in ray vicinity, and I know
of a great many who have taken them, and thank
me for the knowledge of them, especially mothers
who have babes with scaly eruptions on their
heads and bodies. I cannot express in words my
thanks to you. My body was covered with scales,
and I was au awful spectacle to behold. Now ray
skin is us nice and clear as a baby's.
Merrill, Wis., Sept. 21,1S87.
Feb. 7, 18S8.— Not a trace whatsoever of the
disease from which I suffered has shown itself
since tny cure. GEO. COTEY.
impurities and poisonous elements, and urns re
moves the cause. Hence the Cuticura Reme
dies cure every species of agonizing, humiliating,
itching, burning, scaly, and pimply diseases of the
skin, scalp, aud blood, with loss of hair, and all
humors, blotches, eruptions, sores, scales, and
crusts, whether simple, scrofulous, or contagious,
when the best physicians and all other remedies
isold everywhere. Price, Cuticura, 60c. ; Soap,
26c. ; Resolvent, $1. Prepared by the Potter
Drug and Chemical Corporation, Roston.
Zü-Send for " How to Cure Skin Diseases." 64
{■ages, 60 illustrations, and 100 testimonials.
UAHinC Soft, white, and free from chaps and
nAllUO redness, by using Cuticura Soap.
Is the
In the Territorv of Montana.
It is the Oldest Paper in Mon
tana, dating from Novem
ver, 1866.
It contains more Reading Mat
ter than any other paper
in Montana
In Typographical appearance it
is not excelled by any news
paper in the country.
It is a Model American News
It has the Largest Circulation
of any paper in Montana.
Subscribe for it yourself. Send
a copy to relatives or friends
in the East.
Subscription Price, $3 per year
For the year 1889 we are not
offering any premiums, but we
have on hand a few of RAND &
will furnish to those of our sub
scribers who may desire them,
at $1.25. This Atlas retails at
all book-stores at $5.
We also have on hand a few copies
of Rand & McNally's Popular Atlas,
which we will furnish our subscribers,
at 50 cents each.
Address all Communi
cations to
Tlx© Loading
of Montana.
Country Orders Solicited.
Corner Main Street and Broadway.

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