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FISK BROS. S. E. FISK, Publishers. Editor THURSDAY, JULY 2b, 1889. The N. Y. Daily Graphic is among the new additions and attractions to oar Public Library _ O.vE of the latest discoveries reported is a shoe blacking mine in Utah, composed of one part carbon to two of alaminm. It might be ased to white-wash Mormonism. IT is never wise to make salaries sj high that men will seek the office for the pay there is in it, rather than for the worthiest ambition to serve the public for the re wards of honor and gratitude. It would not follow by any means that if Woman Suffrage generally were allowed, that it would have to be conceded to all without regard to character or occupation It must be conceded that those who would sell virtue, honor and good name, would sell their votes. The trouble between Nicaragua and Costa Rica, which was to interfere with the progress of the canal has been amicably settled and work is progressing rapidly. It is generally thought that French emissaries stirred up the trouble in the interest of the Panama enterprise. We would have it provided that any one convicted of bribery, either in buying or selling a vote, should be punished in every case with disfraucbpement. Those who have no higher conception of the right than as an article of merchandise are unfit to exercise it and ought to be deprived ot it In 1840 the amount of distilled spirits and wines consumed iu the United States was at the rate of 2.81 gallons per capita, while of malt liquors it was only 1 36 gal lons per capita. In 1888 the consumption of the first class had declined to 182 p»r capita, but the latter bad increased to 12 gallons per capita. There will be no further complaiut that the Constitutional Convention is not doing anything. The diversities of opinion ex hibited in committee of the whole show wbat coutentious have been going on in committee before a report could be reached If the clerks aud pages do not have plenty to do from this time out till the final ad journment then all indications fail. If pauperism were always the result of vice, idleness and general worthies mess, as we admit is generally the case, we should heartily support their exclusion from the light of suffrage. True there are some who are paupers from misfortuuate and it is very hard to draw the line. When pov tsrty is a misfortune it seems a craelty to disfranchise one for his mislortuue. The strike of workmen in the Carnegie Rtrel Works has been amicably settled and iit'itr a very short continuance, contrai y to Democratic predictions. In l'a:t, it has b.*-Q proven by experience to the satisfac tion of most working men that strikes don't pay. Concessions were made oa both suies and that is generally tbe right and sensible way to solve all differences. Th E average salary of the Governors of tbe thirty eight States is about $4,100, and the average population of these States is more than 1,500,000, or about ten times wbat we claim at present for Montana. It ail our salaries are fixed at the rate paid in States of ten times the population it will r. quire that each resident of Montana will have to pay ten times the average tax of people living in the States. In the discussion whether the rame of Cod should appear in the preamble of the constitution we fancy that some of the del « gates represented their individual opin ions rather than the balk of their constitu ents. It is "We, the people of Montana," and not " We, the Ddeuates'' that will be speaking to the world when the instru ment now being framed will become in stinct with life. And beyond all question ninety-nine hundredths of the people of Montana believe in a Supreme Beine called God. _ It is told of Maurice B. Flynn, the re cently deceased leader of the N. Y. County Democracy, who cultivated politics for revenue and lef r $2,000,000 of an estate that his first job undertaken at tbe age of 13, was picking up the stone from it field, and piling them fur a fence. He w..s to get $2.00 for the job, but tie worked with such zeal that he finished iu half a day and the farmer refused to pay him more than $1.00. Flynn refused to accept it and after considering the case and bow to get even, he spent most of the night in tearing down the fence and scattering the stones as wide ly as possible. Tbe news of an abundant outpouring i f rain in the Milk river valley is very in spiring. Some think Kilrain exhausted himself out in Montana before he met Sul livan. But joking aside, it is a matter of profuuud gratitude to know that any por tion of Montana has been relieved and blessed with au abondance of rain. Oar btart almost sinks within ns as we witness the r* peated failures of the attempts to rain. We Lave the aggravating prepara tions of clouds, thunder, lightning and wind, but hardly ever a drop of rain, while the dusty and dying vegetation looks up imploringly to the brazen skies, and swel tering mortals take their peck of dirt as a daily ration. In onr frantic endeavors to think everything is for the best, we have reached the conclusion that this season was intended to teach ns the necessity of re aervoiring water when we again have plenty. ____ Many Wounds Inflicted. London, July 18 —At an inquest on the bjdy of a women murdered in White chapel yesterday, the fact developed there were sixteen wonnds on the body. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. Major Maginnis, as chairman of the Executive Committee, has submitted his report to the convention. We have com pared tbe imperfect published copy with that of the constitution of '84 and noted the changes. The committee has evidently discharged its duty with con-cientious fidelity. Instead of two yeais the com mittee recommends four years for the term of the chief executive officers. On this subject there exists a considerable diver 8ity of opinion and practice. Eighteen of the States fix this term at two years, six teen at four years, two at three years, and iwo others at one year. Of the sixteen States that make the term fonr years ten are Southern S*»te«i and si* ar<* Northern, The tendency has been to lenginen the term in States where elections used to be annnal. But there seems no snch tendency to extend tee term from two to lonr years. So long as we have general elections for members of Congress every two years, we incline to laver the two year term, though we are by no means strenuous. The fir it term will be a short one, end ing January 1, 1893. This brings the elec tion 1er Governor in November, 1892, and it would recur thereafter at the same time with that of presidential electors, always when there is the most political excite ment. Rather than to have our governors al ways elected at the time ot the most political excitement, when national issues would generally overshadow State issues, we should much prefer the two-year term or have the election for the four-year term come in theevtn years between presidential elections. We think the salaries are a little too high to start with. The Governor's might be $4,000 and the others $2,500. Bat we think another officer, a Land Commissioner, should be provided for among elective officers. Tbe qualifications except as to citizen ship, we think, might just as well be left to the consideration of the voters. ; DEATH OF MAJOR JOHN OWEN, j From Frank Woody, Esq, of Missoula, we learn of the death of Maj. John Owen, one of the oldest settlers of the Bitter Root Valley when it was part of Oregon, about 1851. He built a large trading post near the present town of Stevensville, known far and wide and st 11 bearing the name of Fort Owen. As Indian agent and trader Major Owen was for a long time one of the most enterprising, prosperous, in fiuential and public-spirited men in his section of the country. His last public position was member of the Territorial Council from Missoula county. Af er the expiration of his term he remained litre in Helena in the hos pital, an invalid in body and mind. In later years he has been provided for by relatives in Pniladelphia. His death oc curred at CamdeD, N. J., July 12, 1889, aged 71 years. Iu his prime, Maj. Owen was a man of ability, culture and influence, liberal in his views and with his means, a very interest ing and enjoyable companion and conver sationalist. The older generation of Mon tanians will cherish pleasant memories of Maj. Owen as they flrst knew hint. The resolution of Burleigh for the State to assume all county indebtedness as it ex isted July 1, 1889, less the actual cost value of buildiDg j and improvements, is, to say the least, a very singular proposition. Tuere is not the first element of equality and justice about it. While the people ot some counties bave managed their affairs prudently, others have been reckless and wasteful, if Dot downright dishonest. It is not a sound oi even respectable principle of legislation to reward extravagance and corruption and punish prudence and honesty. By paying heavy taxes and neglecting anything like public improve ments, we have reached the term of our territorial existence without a public debt aud shall begin existence as a State with out a burden of that sort. Bnt we have everything to do and cieate that a state needs, and we shall find abundant nse ffr a'l our credit. When onr national constitution was adopted the national government assumed the State's debts, but there debts were contracted for a common cause, to resist British oppression or Indian invasii □. If one portion of a State can create indebtedness for other portions to pay, it would virtually be payiDg a pre mium for extravagance. The only effectual cueck on waste is that those who make debts should pay them. lr we were to establish a precedent ot this sort the thiDg would be repeated perhaps every ten years and there would be no such good reason as now to relose, and in the end Montana woald be bnried oat of sight un der debt which as a whole it bad no part or voice in contracting. There is n. t a cent ot any one of the county debts that has gone for anything that has become taxable property of the State. It is proverbially hard to pay for dead horses even when they are onr own. but to pay for other folk's dead horses that they have killed, woald be an intolerable burden. We regret to see 'bat the convention re corded itself in lavor of retaining tbe cumbrous. obsolete, expensive Grand Jury system, shorn somewhat of its pro portions, bat lacking notbiug of its ei-sec tial viciousness, uselessness and wasteful ness. If the whole snbject were left in the simple, concise terms of the constitution of Wisconsin, "by due process of lsw," it would be enough to cover indictment or in formation, and allow a chance to gradually work away from this venerable nuisance, which was once a bulwark of justice and protection to the people when all officers of the courts were appointed by the King and often for the purpose of oppressing the people When the reason for a law or an institution has passed sway, the lsw or institution should go wi'.h it. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. THE WATER WAY QUESTION. We folly sympathize in the purpose and recognize the importance of providing for the irrigation of onr lands, but we do not feel convinced that we are accomplishing the purpose by patting a provision in our constitution declaring an easement for a water ditch a pablic use. If pat iu our constitution and adopted by onr people, it will express their opinion and the Supreme Court ot the United States would take it into account as evidence. The first deliberate act of our convention was to adopt the Constitution of the United States. That includes its limitations and powers of interpretation. We cannot enlarge or change in any respect any of the * powers of that constitution. ; If a water way is not a pablic use, it will not become to by patting such a provision in onr constitution. It accom plishes nothing, it creates no new power, nor does it enlarge or authoritatively define bdv express power. The Supreme Court is the ultimate interpreter of the constitution. We believe thejright-of-way for water in a country where water is essential for successful cultivation, stands very much like a man's right to a road way to reach his land. One man's land may be surrounded by that of others and no public highway may reach it. He sure y should he allowed a right, on some reasonable terms, to cross the lands of others to reach his own. He is not com pelled to keep a balloon to cross his neighbor's land to reach a highway. There is, however, this difference, that a highway once opened is for the use of all. Not so tbe water-way over aaother field—bat wholly for private use. And we call the attention of the convention, that the con stitution ot the United States iu the fifth amendment only provides lor taking pri vate property for pablic nse. It says noth ing about taking it or subjecting it to pri vate use. Amend uents IX and X. pro vide that all other powers of government not expressly given to the National Gov ernment or denied to the States, are re served to the States or to the people. Does not our right to provide lor water way a-ements stand much more clear and strong on the ground that they are private uses exclusively and therefore are not covered by the constitution, bat are among the matters reserved lor tbe people. In stead of helping the cise by declaring wa terways a public use, do we not destroy ii? The water that a man brings on his land to irrigate with is just as much for his per sonal and exclusive benefit as the plow that he uses, or his horses or the house he lives in. Ot course the public has an in terest of a certain kind that the lands should be cultivated and crops grown, hat it has the same kind of interest that a man should have teams and tools, houses and ferces. This is very much of a new question owiDg to the conditions of hie surrounding us aDd it requires serious and cautious con sideration before action of any sort. A mau cannot dandle with the great questions of constitutional law as .a boy does a kitten. Theke is a disposition on the part of a few members of the Convention to make salaries too high. It will he a great mis take. However rich Montana is in pros pects, it must be remembered that we have little realized wealth as yet that can be subjected to heavy taxation. All that the Convention has to do is to fix the salaries for the present and immediate future. Future Legislatures can increase their sal aries as our population and wealth increase. It is an error to suppose that large salaries secure better officers or better work. It must be remembered that in a Dew coun try like ours there are heavy demands for local taxation to build roads, bridges »and public buildings. So t-o will the new State have immediate heavy demands to provide for its insane and to erect many public buildings in varions parts of tbe State It is no time to indulge iu extrava gance. Salaries must be properly propor tioned and if some are placed too high, there will he a natural, and, to some extent reasonable effort to make all others corres pond. Be careful in sounding the key note. A community of 150,000 canuot bear tbe taxation of another that has three, five or ten times the population. a The average salary of judges of the supreme court in all tbe States does not exceed $4,000. Tbe highest, $9,000, is paid in New York and tbe lowest, $2,000, iu Ore gon. Iowa, with a population of 2,000,0000, only pays the average salary of $4,000. Kentucky, TeDnescee and Minnesota, each with a population of over a million, only pay the same salary, and in Texas, where the present populaiion is reckoned at up wards of 2,000.000i the salary of the highest judge does not exceed $3,500. Nebraska with a population of at least 750,000 only pays $2,500. On the other hand, ordinary justices of the peace in the city of New York, and they are very ordinary at that, get as high salaries as Judges of the Su preme Court o£ tbe United States. No one will pretend to compare them in character and ability . _ The discassion on the question of emi nent domain, as applicable to the wants of a country depending on irrigation for its settlement and cultivation, brought out in fine shape the great ability of the members of tbe convention. We should favor the adoption of the section offered by Kanonse, declaring the raking of private property for irrigating pnrpoaes a public nse, bnt we would insert in it some snch limitation as this: "under such regulations and re strictions as tbe legislature may prescribe." There is evident propriety for some legisla tive regulation of this subject. There should be some restriction npon the right to multiply water ditches on another man's land. Wesleyan University for Nebraska. Lincoln, Neb., July 18.— [Special.]— There was a large attendance of repre sentative ministers and citizens at the in augural jubilee of the Nebraska Wesleyan University, which took place to day at St Paul's church. Tbe oration was delivered by Bishop Warren. The Journal either stupidly or mali ciously mis-states the situation respecting the sewer pipe which is now being used by the city, The question as to the relative merits of vitrified and cement pipes has been much mooted. The authorities of the city did not consent to tbe nse of the latter without extended correspondence and evi dence from at least half a dozen cities where it had satisfactorily stood the test of long terms of years. Then they simply : advertised for proposals for pipe of certain dimensions and certain standards of strength, without discrimination for or against either kind, and the contract was let the lowest bidder. It was not re garded as an objection that the lowest bid was from parties who have established their works at Helena, where they are employing a considerable number of men and bnilding np and in dustry that promises to attain large pro portions. As to the quality of the pipe, the city is protecting itself by stationing a skilled inspector at the works, who examines every pound of the materials that are used aud supervises every step in the process of manufacture. In tha award of the contract some bidders were necessarily disappointed, bat as their success would have involved the sending of large sums of money out of the city, they do not appeal strongly to the sympathy of the people of Helena. However, they have experienced no difficulty in findinga mouthpiece in the Journal. The Committee on Education reported through Chairman Rickards yesterday, and so far as we can judge by the printed copy it is a most excellent re port. In the second line of the second sec tion, instead of "proceeds of public lands,' we would preler "public lands and their proceeds " And we would prefer to widen the limits of school age to 4—21 years, subject to legislative regulation. It is pos sible that with the kindergarten system, children under six years can be taught as generally and profitably as older ones But on the whole, that portion of the work has been done in a way to be proud of and very little could be changed to advantage. The work of tearing down the old State House on the Public Square in New Haven, has begun. It will be missed by old resi dents aud graduates of Yale, hut it had loDg survived its usefulness and beauty. It was built iu 1829, at a cost of $41,500, of brick and stucco, after the style of the Par thenon. The Legislature met in it for the last time in 1874. Tbe Historical Society has been making a fight to preserve it, but it ought to go, and a picture of it will be better to preserve than the original. The State House steps and the college fence used to be favorite roosting places for stu dents in years gone by. Counterfeiters Raided. Dayton, Ohio, July 18 —Capt. Abbo't aud seven other secret service men, this morning made a descent on the United Sirtes hotel to captare a gang of counter feiters. Officer Donnell was wounded twice, but not fatally. His escaping counterfeiter was shot in the side, bat the extent of his injury is not known. Two carpet sacks of connterfeit ten-dollar bills were found and the search was not yet ended. The hotel belongs to NelsoD Driggs, an aged and noted counterfeiter. 'I he First Minnesota. Duluth, Minn., July 18. —[Special.] — The twenty-second annual re anion of the First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Asso ciation, which is being held to-day, is a notable gathering, as there are guests pres ent from many states of the Union. Among the distinguished visitors are the Depart ment Commander of the G. A. R and the Department President of the Women's Re lief Corps. ___ Christian Pantheism. Key East, N. J., July 18.— [Special.— Bishop Samuel Fallows, of Chicago, lectured to-day on "Christian Pantheism" before the Seaside Assembly and American Insti tute of Christian Philosophy. After the discourse a general meeting was held, briet addresses, music and recitations being od the programme. The Assembly will hold a session of six weeks. Salt Monopoly. New York, Jnly 20. —The North Ameri can Company occupies two columns in tbe evening papers with au advertisement. The capital stock is $11,000,00^, and ft is proposed to issue $4,000,000 worth of bonds. The advertisement states the object is to unify and systematise the salt interests of tbe country. Resignation. Indianapolis, Jnly 19.—At a called meeting of the State Central Republican committee to night James N. Huston, Treasurer of the United States, presented his resignation ot the chairmanship. Hon. Louis Michener, State Attorney General, was unanimously chosen to fill the va cancy. _ _ ___ Sailed for Europe. New York, July 20.—An evening paper states that Charley Mitchell and Pony Moore sailed for Liverpool from here this afternoon. Explosion and Eire. Jersey' City, July 20.— A still exploded in Dodge and Olcott's chemical works this afternoon. A three story brick bnilding 100 by 25 feet was destroyed. Loss, $300, 000 . Blockade Raised. Mome, July 20 —The Italian govern ment has withdrawn the vessels from the blockade ot the ports near Zanzibar. The Grand Duke Paralyzed. St. Petersburg, July 20—The Grand Duke Constantine, uncle of the Czar, has suffered a stroke of paralysie and lost the power of speech. Bank Statement. New York, July 20.—Weekly bank statement: Reserve, increase, $624,725; specie increase, $115,000. The banks now hold $7,287,825 in excess of the rale. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. IN ERUPTION. A Volcanic Exhibition in the Lipari Group. Paris, Jnly 19.—[Special.]—A telegram from Messina states that the eruptions of the crater in the island of Volcano, one of the Lipari group, are more violent than ever. The mountain presents an imposing spectacle, masses of glowing lava are cast up to the height of 2,500 feet from two cavities, aud falling on the steep slopes of the mountain roll down into the sea. Ex plosions which Bound like a continual bombardment shake the doors and windows in the neighboring towns. For some nights past even the inhabitants of Stromboli, some twenty-five miles off, have been prevented from sleeping by the Doise. The form of the summit of the monntain has changed Where before this last eruption it had three points, there is now only one. Showers of ashes are carried as far as Sicily, particularly to Mellazzo and Mes sina. The towns on the island are toler ably safe unless new craters should be opened. The only thing to be feared is that the eruption should increase in vio lence and that incandescent masses of lava shonld fall upon the houses beneath. Until now it has fallen into the sea or upon a sloping plain, or npon the old fosse, which was once itself a crater. It is ve r y un usual for eruptions to be, as the present one is, unaccompanied by an earthquake. The people in the vicinity are fleeing for safety to the adjacent cities. THE PENALTY PAID. The First Execution Under the New Law. Little Falls, Minn , July 19 —Aloert Bnllow was hanged at 4:18 this morning in accordance with the new State law, which prescribes that the execution shall take place between 1 and 4 p. m The law also provides that no newspaper shall publish anything bat the bare announcement of hangings, hut all the Minneapolis and St Paul papers contain a full account of the execution. They will probably be pros ecuted. The crime for which Ballow suf fered death, was the murder on November 23rd of Frank Eich, in a dispute over wages which Eich owed him. ALBERT VICTOR. The Prince to Make an India Tour. London, July 18. —[Special.]—The coming winter the Prince Victor will leave for India to make a private tonr. He will be attended by a small suite, and will visit the chief towns aud the native states, bat it has been decided that no presents shall be accepted or exchanged. This reso lution is approved of in every quarter. The giving and taking of presents in India has amonnted to almost a national scandal. The presents given to the native princes were without exception cheap and shoddy, while those taken in return were treas ures. If the Prince of Wales could realize something on tbe gifts he brought hack from his visit to India, he would he indif ferent so far as wealth was concerned whether or not he should ever succeed bis royal mother on tbe throne. BLAINE IS WELL. A Favorable Postal Card Contract Re ported. Washington, July 18. —Walker Blaine returned this morning from Bar Harbor and reports bis father quite well. The Postmaster-General to-day opened proposals for famishing tbe post office de partment with postal cards for four years beginning October first, next. There were twelve bids. A material reduction in prie» s from the present contract was ob tained. The Lost Aeronaut. New York, July 18 —An incoming pilot reports that on July 16, in latitude 3$°, 30', longitude 71°, 40', he sighted a balloon dragging a car along the surface of the water. He gave chase, but at sun down, when ahout three-fourths of a mile from it, it collapsed and disappeared. It is supposed to he the missing air ship from New York, which lost its steering appa ratus. There seems to be no longer any reason to doubt that Hogan, the aeronaut, is dead. Tbe pilot say 8 the last thing that he saw the balloon parted from the basket and sailed away and the basket sank. He cruised where it went down bat could find nothing. Hogan was 46 years old aDd has made over 400 successful balloon ascensions and thirty-two parachute jumps in the twenty-eight years he has followed the dangerons business. He was regarded as the foremost aeronant in the work. Some of his friends still hope he may be alive even if injured, and landed in someont-of-the-way place. Modern Ideas in the Celestial Empire. San Francisco, July 18.— [Special.]- Chan Fan Moore, secretary to Chan Foo, Chinese Minister et Washington, with C. M. Heller and Isaac Ganz, attaches of the Chinese Legation, sailed to-day for Canton, where they have been snmmoned for pro motion. The Emperor intends to reorga nize the police and fire systems of China. M. Heller said that it woald not be long before steam fire engines, patrol wagons and electric fire and police alarms would be in fall operation in the Flowery King dom. Fatal Explosiou. Chicago, July 18.—A boiler in the planing mill of the R. B. Stone Lumber Company exploded this morning killing Jefferson King, engineer; a dollar a day laborer, and Fred Beiffel, teamster. The entire bnilding was wrecked. Loss, $20,000. _ Annual Excursion. San Francisco, July 18.— [Special.]— The Young Men's Christian Association went on their annual excursion to-day to Pacific Grove. Several prominent speakers from different parte of the State made ad dresses eetablishing the work of the Asso ciation. THE "IDEA SHOOTERS." A Grandson ot "Old Hickory" An nounced. Nashville, July 18.— Secretary Can field, at the opening of the Educational Convention announced that a great grand son of "Old Hickory" Jackson was yester day born at the Hermitage, and that the child had been named Albert Marble Jack SOD, in honor of the President of the Asso ciation. A committee composed of delegates from each State, Territory and Canada was ap- i pointed to call npon Mrs. James K. Polk, and convey to her the respects, congratula tions and compliments of the association. This afternoon a committee was ap pointed to consider the needs of the United States in the Borean of Education and to memorialize Congress on the subject. The session was devoted to the forth- r consideration of denominational schools and the history of edneation. John Jay, of New York, and others sub mitted papers. APPOIN TMEN I S. New Land Officers and Indian Agents. Washington, July 19.—The President made the following appointments: Wm. A. Richards, of Wyoming, Surveyor General of Wyoming. Register of Land Offices—Edward P. C. Champlain, of Wyoming, at Cheyenne, Wyo.; Martin Wright, of Calitorma, at Visala, Cal.; John A. McBeth, of Colorado, at Denver. Receivers of Pablic Monies—Robert L. Freeman, of Calitornia, at Visalia, Cal.; Leroy Grant, of Wyoming, at Cheyenrie Wyo. Indian Agents—L. J. Butord, of Oregon, at Siletz Agency in Oregon; John P. McGiinn, of Washington Territory, at Neah Bay Agency, W. T. Washington, July 20.— The President to-day made the following appointments: M. M. Hurley, of Indiana, Third Auditor of the Treaeurv. J. H. Franklin, Kansas, Deputy Second Auditor of the Treasury. Charles M. Leavy, of California, Ap praiser of Merchandise iu the District of San Francisco. N. Wright Carrey, of Texas, Collector of Customs at Galveston. Cousais— Evans Blake, of Illinois, at Crefeld; Henry C. Fisk, of Vermont, at St. Johns, t^aebec; Jasper P. Bradley, of West Virginia, at Southampton; Eugene A. Froht, of Michigan, at Piedgro, Negras; Archibald J. Sampson, of Colorado, at Paso Del Narto; Horace E. Pugh, of Indiana, at New Castle, England. Appointment Declined. Washington, Jnly 19.—A letter has been received at the State Department from Hon. R. G. Horr, of Michigan, de clining the appointment of Consul to Valparaiso. Before the Commission. London, July 18.—As to the session of the Painell Commission to day, Harris i again took the stand, stating that Egan ; and Brendan had severed their connection with the Fenians on joioiDg tbe Laud League. Dr. Charles Tanner, a member of Parlia ment, testified that he never advocated boycotting woman and children. He tried to get the iaud grabbers boycotted. He admitted that he had denonneed a certain land grubber as a corrupt reptile aid a creeping louse. The land grabbers after wards shot at him; the witness always spoke against outrage. He had been boy cotted himself by Cork Torries and his business diminished; his patients forsaking him ander the pressure. A Great Battle Ship. London, July 19.—[Special.]—An ad miralty order was seul to-day to Sheerue-ss directing the new first-class armour piated battle ship Victoria, 10,470 tons, 14,000 horse power, to be commissioned for service as fiag ship on the Mediterranean station. She is the most powerful ship of war ever commissioned for the British Davy, her armament consisting of two 110-ton breech loadiDg gnns, one ten-inch breech-loading gun aDd twelve six-inch guns, together with twenty one quick firing guns and a strong torpedo equipment. Pauncefote's Trip. Washington, July 19.—[Special.]— Sir Julian Panncetote, the British Minister * will shortly sail for England, where he will remain for some weeks. It is under stood toat Lady Pauncefote and family will return with him to Washington. There is much cariosity to see the daugh ters of the minister, who are reputed to be great beauties. Society here will of course receive them with open arms. Sir Jnlian is already a great favorite in society here. A Hearing Before Secretary Windom Washington, July 18.— Tweed, repre senting the Southern Pacific, made an argument before Secretary Windom yester day in favor of the transit through United States territory of twelve Chinamen who recently arrived in New Orleans en route to China by way of San Francisco. The collector at that port regards them as labor ers within the meaning of the Chinese ex clusion act and refuses to allow them to land. The decision was reserved. G. A. H. Circular. Kansas City. Jnly 19.—Major Warner, Commander-in-Chief of the G. A. R., issued a general order in which he arges all the G. A R Poets in thecoontry to send a largo delegations as possible to the National En campment at Milwaukee. Extra 8ession of Congress. New York, July 20. —The Sun says the influential Republicans last night had the news that the President was certainly de termined to call an extra session in Novem ber. Prohibition Candidate For Governor. Lynchburg, Va, July 18 —The State Prohibition Convention met here yesterday and nominated a foil State ticket, at the head of which for Gov. Hon. Thos. Taylor, of London connty. i FREEDOM OF THE CITY. i ; The Honor that Edinburg Conferred Upon Parnell To»day. ^Edinburg, July 20.—[Special.]—The freedom of the city was conferred to-day on Charles Steward Parnell with much pomp and ceremony, notwithstanding the fact that the Lord Provost and other official dignitaries declined to perform their accustomed part in the appointed ceremo nies. At 1 o'clock Mr. Parnell was escorted from his hotel to the Council Chamber, where the ceremony took place, with Bailie Walcolt presiding. On his way to the municipal building Parnell was loudly cheered by the enthusiastic Scotch men, to whom he courteously bowed 'his acknowledgments. Accommodations were provided for two hundred people, who were specially invited guests. After the cere mony, which was of tbe usual order pre scribed for such ceremonies, a cake and wine banquet was served. Having dispos ed of the viands, Mr. Pavnell delivered a short address and then proceeded to the Corn Exchange where a great Liberal demonstration wt.s held in his honor. The chair was taken by the Earl of Aberdeen, at one time Lord-Lieutenan t of Ireland, who made a forcible and argu mentative address. Th e s peech'of P arnell was, as usual, a plaiu statement of the im poverished condition of his country. He made no reference to the new tenant league movement, and hence it is supposed either its scope has not yet been fully developed or that he has not lully committed himself to it. On every band there is evidence that the people of this citv are cordially iu favor of home rule for Ireland. It might be truly said that the eyes of the United Kingdom are on Edinburg to day. This is the first city of any impoi tance in either Scotland or England that has honored Parnell in this signal manner. Wnen the motion to confer the freedom of the city on the Irish leader was first mane it met with steady opposition and prod net d wild excitement among the Tories. It was, however, final ly carried, twenty lour members having voted for it, thirteen against it, three were absent and one declined to he recorded oq the question. The Tories became furious on learning of the action of the council, and they set to work in a contemptible way to detract as much as possible from the proposed honor to the great agitator. They undertook to prove that ihe council's action was not ap proved by the voters. To this they took an alleged plebescite. They sent a postal card to every one of the 42,971 male aud female voters, asking, "Do you wish Mr. Parnell to receive the honor of the freedom of the city of Edinburg? Yes or No." The Tories claimed that the answers in the neg ative numbered 17 808, and the answers in the affirmative 3 197 —a majority of 14,611. The others to whom the cards were sent did not respond at all. The force of these figures in favor of the Tories is broken by the statement made on good authority, that Sir Thomai Clark alone had 7,000 of these caids wnt'en by his clerks, each giving an affirmative answer. Even if the plebesite was as represented by Sir Wil liam Clark and Sir William Mnir, tue pop ular demonstration to-day in favor of the Irish leader nullified it. Parnell looked to-day in robust health. He wore a silk hat, a Prince Albert coat, tweed pantaloons, and a grten necktie. His face was most striking, and the women unhesitatingly pronounced him hand some. All his features are finely chiseled. The forehead is singularly beautiful. It is almost perfectly roaod; its lines are very delicate; there are just enough of wrinkles to indicate a life of thonght and anxiety. An even more striking feature in Mr. Par nell's face is his eyes. They are not large, but there is a strange glitter in them that would make tbe face notable wherever seen. They flash all kinds of light, like a jewel, bnt they are nearly always inscruta ble. _ Many Soldiers Will Attend. St. Louis, July 20.—[special ] —The Transcontinental Association met in this city to-day. Since the last meeting of the Association the Puget Sound difficulties have been settled and the dangers which threatened the association have blown over. The principal subject discussed at the morning session was the non-payment of commissions on ticket sales. The question of rates to the Grand Army encampment at Milwaukee, as well as the action of the de partmental commanders, was discussed. The opinion prevailed that notwithstand ing the position taken by the railroads, thousands of veterans will visit Mil waukee on August 27. Sons of St. George. ISHPKMING, Mich., July 20.—[Special ] —A meeting of delegates from the various Michigan lodges of the Sons of St. George is being held here to-day to organize a grand lodge o the order. Several of the Supreme Lodge officers are present to assist in tbe work. As the name implies, the order is composed of Englishmen and those ot English parentage. In the Upper Peninsula there ate many thousand miners and in that district the order has a mem bership of about 4,000, while it bas an equally large number in the Lower Penin sula. There are about 10,000 visitors here, and the city has all the appearance of an English holiday. A New Pay Station. PITTSBURG, Pa., July 20.—[Special ]—A pay station for tbe United States army was opened to-day, with General J. S. Witcher of Newport, R. L, in charge. Newport and Colnmbns are now included in Gen. Witch er's district. The General, who was for several years in Newport, was one of the most polite and distinguished army men ever stationed in that city. The General's family is a great acquisition to the society of Pittsburg. A Hoosier Gets It. Washington, July 20.— The President has decided upon the appointment of Mad ison M. Hurley, of New Albany, Ind., as Third Auditor of the Treasury, vice Col. Williams, resigned. Hurley was formerly postmaster of New Albany.