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Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 8, 1889 No. 37 tflcrMu |£jcralil. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK ~ k. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana -O Rates ol Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year. (In fulVMnce) .............................J3 00 Six Months, (in advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (In advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for In advance the rat« will be Four Dollars per yeaii Postage, In all cases. Prepala. DAILY HERALD: City Subscribers,delivered by carrier 81,00a month One Year, by mail, (In advance)................. 89 00 Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid In advance, 812 per annum. [Entered at the Postoffice at Helena as second class matter. 1 ♦#-All communications should be addressed to FIHK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. THE (iKANI)MOTHEK'S DREAM. He quiet, love, my heart comes, His feet 1 hear upon the stair. And know the lightly sprlngin* step That marks a spirit free from care. To meet him blushing at the door Is well, ah well, for life is sweet, Y« t. who would paint the tender grace That fills the hour when lovers meet? We wander down the orchard lane. Past fruitage blooms and leafy wood, Where singing birds and blooming flowers Bu hymns < f joy to God the good. The psnsy spreads beside the way, Her innocent upturning eyes, The lowing cows, the lambs at play. But make a dream of paradise. Be quiet, heart, my husband comes, To he r his step upon the street Our children leave ttieir careless play, And hasten out their sire to greet, But baby waits upon my lap, And laughs and coos with baby gra e, To tell for me ihe silent joy That fills my heart to see his face. The years glide on in shine and shock, And toil is sweet for love is strong. To soothe the trying rcenes of life. And fill our hearts with happy song, Life that though burdened yet is love, With rays I om heaven filtering through The can py that half conceals The good to be from mortal view. He comes attain, my husband comes; His head is gray, his rtep is slow. The same sweet grace his presence brings 1 list filled my heart so long ago. ' We sit t' gether by the hearth, Our children tread life's busy way. We closer clasp our trembling hands And journey toward life's closing day. He comes not, conics not, now again I sit beside the hearth and wait; No more, no more his step I hear. Nor list his whistle at the gate. A river dark between us rolls, But God is good and love is strong; He waits me on the other side. Be quiet, heart, he waits not long. —Hannah Taylor in Cliicaso Inter Ocean. The New States. [Salt Lake Tribune | All that will be needed in case Wash ington, Montana and the two Dakotas adopt their consiitutions on the first of October, will be a proclamation by the President, so that before the regular meeting of Congress there will be four new States. The Senate will have an increase of eight members and the House of Representatives an increase ol five. Speaking of it the East ern papers, some of them we mean, by covert sneers betray the fact that there is a jealousy felt that the Far West shall have any more representation in Congress. It is difficult to nndertand this feeling. The grown men in the Far West, as a rule, came from the Eastern States originally. They split firewood and carried their din ners to the country school; they know ex actly how people lived in the East, and in what grooves their lives are lived; their sojourn in the West has not dimmed one memory of their childhood, or of the people among whom they first lived. If boys so raised have gone to the mountains and the deiert, and laid there the foundations of States, it would seem that the men of the East would exult in theirachievements and rejoice in their prog ress. And when the character of the re gion they have subdued is understood, it would seem that the admiration would in crease. Washington, by itself, in size, in resources, in hopes of the luture, makes a New England on the west corst, except that in native resources she is far superior to the old New England, and she faces a softer ocean. Land-locked she has an in ner sea where all the world's fleets might lie fitted out, and her fishing grounds ex tend to Behring Sea. She has a wealth of lumber and agricultural lands that the men of New England cannot comprehend. She has mines of gold and silver and iron that will keep engines hoisting and hammers ringing to the world's end. Not less pretentious is Montana. She leads the world in the production of the precious metals, and what she pro duces has its effect upon values clear to the Atlantic. She has an empire of agri cultural and grazing lands; she offers to the young and brave snch inducements as almost no other land under the sun does. The Dakotas are creations of the last twenty five years. "What was a waste is now a land of homes, churches and school houses. New England's fitst race did not begin their first settlement with any more courage than did the men of Dakota, and they lacked the locomotive for an evangel and the gang plow and reaper for the mis sionaries. No States ever asked for admis sion with a better right, no States, save Cal ifornia alone, ever presented snch claims as will these. And they will not go as sup pliants, but as the peers of the very best, peers in their acquired resources and strength and in the brains and hearts of their people._ __ _ How the Shah Keeps Accounts. Nasr ed-Deen, like many other poten tates, is fond of money, and is supposed to possess a colossal fortune. He pays small salaries to his servants and dignitaries if the money comes out of his own pocket that is, out of the legitimate revenues of the country—but he pays at least promptly and fairly what he agrees to pay. After deducting wbat he he deems right for the army, administration and household pur poses, he puts the balance away every year into his private treasury. Once the money —which mnst always be coin—has been dumped into his vaults, no power on earth can induce the Shah to give the slightest portion of it back again or to touchait for anv purpose whatsoever. When he is com pelled to borrow money from the Ameri cans, he pays usurious interest sooner than go to his strong box and take from its illimitable treasures the smallest sum. J5JL .r*!x % i; ' mæm m 'j* 'W LYMAN E. KNAPP. 'Ihe Newly Appointed Governor Alaska. of Lyman E. Knapp, the recently appointed Governor of Alaska, is a native of Ver mont, born in 1837, and is of the same age as Senator Plnmb, at present one of Hele na's distinguished gnests. Mr. Knapp hails from Somerset and is a graduate of Middlebury C< liege. He has a soldier record of three years in the Union army and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He was wounded several times hut not seriously. Returning to civil life he edited a newspaper at Middlebury. In 1872 he was made clerk of the State House of Rep resentatives, and 1876 was admitted to the bar. The same year he was elected a Rep resentative to the Vermont Legislature. From 1879 to the time of his new appoint ment he was Judge of the local Probate Court. Who the People of Massachusetts Are The people of Massachusetts were formerly a homogeneous people, and almost purely English. "About one in a hundred could say that his family came from Scotland or the norih of Ireland; one in five hundred may have been the grandchild of a Huguenot. Ex treme poverty was almost unknown, and there were few who could not read and write. Upon religious and political ques tions these people thought very much alike. Except upon the sea coast nearly all the people lived upon farms ; but all along the coast were many who lived by fishing and by building ships, and in the towns dwelt many merchants grown rich by foreign trade." From this piciure of the New England of a century ago, look upon this of the Massa chusetts of the present decade. In place of a homogeneous people of common faith and common speech and common love for the commonwealth and reverence for its traditions, in the factory towns and com mercial cities dwell great populations diverse in creed and in tongue, untrained to liberty and a republican form of govern ment, and with no respect for the ashes of the dead from which has sprung our father land. Out of a population of 1,942,141, ac cording to the census of 1885, the foreign-born number 526,867, none including such children of alien parentage as have been born in the United States. There are 122,263 illiterate persons ten years of age and over, of whom 88 63 per cent, are of foreign birth, and only 6.78 per cent, were born in this State. The foreign born represent one fifth of the peo ple employed in agriculture, one half of those employed in the fisheries, two-fifths of these employed in the manufactures and two-thirds of those employed in min ing and as laborers.— Prof. A. L. Bartlett in the August Forum. Onr Hangers from Aliens. [Bishop Coze in August Forum,J In a calm review of hit tory, have we not reason to ask ourselves, What of this second century ? Shall our children's children see another commemoration of Washington and the Constitution ? I think every thoughtful man must pro nounce such a consummation improbable in the extreme. It seems so to me. To make a trnly great nation and to give perpetuity to its institutions we are taught by history to demand (1) a capable founda tion of race, (2) an hereditary system of public morals, and (3) a spirit of fidelity of national traditions and of adhesion to tried and long established institutions. The race that gave birth to American na tionality is the only race in bnman history that has proved itself capable of self gov ernment, or of creating and maintaining free institutions and laws that co-operate with freedom. Bnt the reports from Castle Gar den alone should be enough to arouse the American spirit to demand a radical im provement of onr naturalization laws. Every year thousands who can neither write their names nor speak the language in which onr constitution and our laws are written, become voters. We endow these with almost immediate power to neutral ize the votes of the native born, who mnst live four times as long un der their own flag before they can exercise the franchise of electors. Why an American mother must submit to this dis crimination against her boys, in favor of the vomit of vessels that give birth to voters four times as fast, if not already qnite as numerous, seems worthy of statesmanlike inquiry. Is there national spirit left among ns to assert that the time has come to govern America by honest American voters, and to demand that no snch prefix as Irish or German or Mormon shall be suf fered to qualify the American name? If not, free institutions and popular govern ment mnst perish, even here, where they might flourish forever under the conditions I have indicated and not otherwise. A Serious Warning. (August "Forum.") The most serious warning that has re cently been made against the influence of unassimilated foreigners on our social and political life, is given by Bishop A. Cleve land Coxe, ot Northern New York, who doubts the perpetuity of our institutions if present tendencies continue. He regards a capable race-foundation, a fixed system of public morals, and fidelity to national tra ditions as essential to our national perpetu ity, and he finds reason to believe that all these are undermined by aliens. ENERGY ESSENTIAL TO DC SS. Prof. Wm. Mathews Enumerates Many Notable Examples. Wbat mental or moral quality is most es sential to worldly success? Dr. Arnold, of Rugby, used to say, as he recalled the ca reers of the boys who had been educated at his Bchool, that the main difference be tween men in life is simply one of energy; and I think be was right. A careful study of history and biography, as well as perso nal observation, will Bhow that this quality is more indispensable in the struggle of life than many others united. Without it, men of the finest intellectual gifts push them selves but rarely to the front, while, on the other hand, men of moderate abilities, but endowed with great energy, succeeded be yond expectation of ail who know them. Of course I do not mean to assert that mere energy will in itself suffice. No man can succeed in life who has not a fair amount of common sense, perception of opportuni nities and persistence, together with some knowledge of his calling. It is absurd to suppose that one can become a great gen eral without some knowledge of the mili tary art, of strategem and tsctics, acquired in the school or in the field, or that he can make a fortune in a business of which he is ignorant. Again, we must distinguish between en ergy and activity. There are hundreds of men who are incessantly active, but who, in spite of their industry, their ceaseless striving, find themselves in old age poor and unknown. The secret of this is, that they have mistaken mere activity for en ergy. They have been busy enough, but their efforts, having been misdirected, have been simply a waste of activity. A marks man may fire all day at a target, but if he does not take good aim his time and pow der are wasted. To succeed one must not only do certain things with earnestness and vigor, but he must do them at the right time and in the right way This much being presupposed, the importance ol tnergy in life can hardly be ovenated, A pound ot eneigy with an ounce of talent will achieve greater results than a p<. und ot talent with an ounce of tnergy. So wonder-working is the last named quality that even ill-contrived schemes, if pressed with daring and vigor, sometimes attain a brilliant success, while plans far shrewder and more cunningly contrived, but exe cuted languidly or with moderate spirit, fail altogether. A warm, enthusiastic, blundering man will often do more for himself and more for others than a frigid, wise man. The world was not made for slow, fastidious, squeamish men, but for those who act instantaneously and with power. Even in the spiritual realm no lofty height was ever attained without en ergy. "No man," says Cecil, "ever found a happy life by chance, or yawned it into being with a wish. Even the kingdom of heaven snffereth violence, and the violent only take it by force " Of the vital, pre-eminent necessity of en ergy in war, we have abundant proofs. Military history is full of examples to show that energy and nerve, with mediocre skill, will accomplish greater results than the rarest strategical and tactical genius with out them. Energy was the distinguishing quality of those "scourges of the human race," Alaric, Attila, Zengis Kahn and Timour the Lame, as it was ot the Sultan Bajazet, who, from the swiftness of his movements, was called Ilderim, or the "Lightning." The career of the fiery, one eyed Carthagenian, by common consent the world's greatest captain, who sprang like a bulldog at the throat of the Roman power, and who held bis grasp almost till it was looeed in death,—Hannibal,—was a con tinual illustration of the wonder-working effects of energy, when coupled with rare military genius and other qualities requi site in war. ,His long and successful march of 800 miles through Spain and France, all while tihting his way with a motley army against hostile tribes and nations—his pas sage of the Pyrenees, the Rhone, and the Alps covered with snow and ice—his rapid and overwhelming defeats ot the Roman armies at Trebia, Lake Trasimenus and Cannai— his long continuance in Italy without allies and without support from Carthage—are all examples of the most signal vigor and activity, which would be more conspicuous if he had not possessed so many other resplendent qualities. A glance at the life and varied accom plishments of Jnlius Cæsar will show that energy was the les ding quality of that great captain, though it is less manifest in his character than in many others, because of his imperturbable calmness and equan imity. He had no sudden bursts of energy, no alternations of passion and inactivity; the elevation of his character was lofty, bnt it was not a peak, bnt a level table land. The man who took the highest rank in oratory and literary composition, as well as in war; who could write, during a diffi cult passage of the Alps, philological work which was praised by Cicero; whose rapidity of movement in his campaigns was snch that the same writer calls him a monstrum horrible celeritatis vigilantiæ; mnst have been aman of marvelous energy; many of his battles were won simply by his rapidity, which surprised his enemy before he was ready to fight. The energy of Frederick the Great was never surpassed. It was most conspicuous when he was in the most desperate straits, contending against fearful odds. Though fighting only to defend his dominions, he never waited to be attacked. He always assailed the enemy regardless of superior numbers, though four to one, and made up for his numerical inferiority by boldness and hard blows delivered in amazingly rapid succes sion. The colossal energy of Napoleon is well known. Whether in the field, sleep ing four hours and on horseback twenty, or in the cabinet, where he toiled terribly and half killed bis secretaries, he threw his whole force of brain or hand upon his work. When told that the Alps stood in the way of his armies, "There shall be no Alps !" he replied, and the road across the Simplon was the result In politics and statesmanship energy is so necessary, that, without it, other quali ties, especially in political crises and times of public danger, are of little vaine. What would have been the fate of England at the time of the Spanish Armada bnt for the in tense energy, the activity and resolution of her queen? Vigor is needed by a states man not only to carry out his own policy, bnt to baffle the schemes of his own or his country's enemies. Though particular measures of a vigorous and active states man may fail, still energetic resolution will uphold him in his place, and win the pub lic admiration even when his schemes are defeated. It was the Titanic, unresisting energy of Richelieu, backed by reeolute courage and an imperious will, that gave him absolute sway over the court and kingdom of France for eighteen years, though bated and feared by the nobility and the people, and though the qneen and the nobles were incessantly plotting his overthrow. He entered the royal council as a master, and even the king himself was overawed by the intensity of his imperious will. By a series of vigorous measures the great minister extended and rounded the French territory, broke the power of the nobles and of the independent officials and judges in the parli ment, cen tralized the i dministration, strengthened the royal authority, destroyed the inde pendent power ot the Hugenots, and re stored the balance of power in Europe, which the ascendancy of the house of Aus tria had disturbed. All this was accom plished amid continual plot and conspiracy against him, which he crushed by his giant energy, seconded by his dexterity and mas terly policy. UNCLE ENOS CAUGHT. A Confidence Man "Works" an Ohio Farmer and is Arrested. [Chicago Mail. 1 Uncle Enrs Bell, of Ohio, on his way to Hastings, Minn., had an interesting ex perience with a confidence man in this city yesterday. He arrived at the Unian depot early in the morning, and having several hours to wait for the train for the west he went up town to pass away the time. He had ju?t left the depot whtn the enteitaining stranger introduced himself and entered into conversation, proposing that they should look at the sights together. The stranger was good looking and a smooth talker, and Uncle Enos was charmed. He said his name was May— Charles May— and remarked to Uncle Enos that he was very well acquainted with his brother, Charles Bell, ot Hastings. VN hen they were walking on Madison street a man ran up in a great hurry and stopped Mr. May. "I waDt that $15 right off," said the man to Mr. May. "Ihe furniture and stuff has been delivered at the Union depot as or dered. You have paid me $60, and there is still $15 due. I want the money now." "But, my dear sir," answered Mr. May. very politely, "I never carry money around in my pocket in a big city like this. I am not as foolish as that. My wife has all my money, and she is back m the Union depot. If you will walk back with me I'll get the money from her and pay this bill." "Not much will I walk back to any depot," said the stranger grufly. "I waDt the money right here and now, and if I don't get it I'll throw you in jail inside of five minutes." Uncle Enos, who had been listening to this conversation with some amazement, here interfered in his new-found friend's behalf. "If it would be any accommodation to you Mr May," said Uncle Enos, "I'll lend you $15, and you can settle with this ras cal, and pay back the money when we get back to the depot." And the benevolent old gentleman connted out $15 and passed it over to the stranger. Detective Broderick, who had been watching the droceedings, stepped up at this juncture and captured May, who is a well known confidence man, but his pal, the "stranger" with the bill, escaped. Uncle Enos got his $15 back. May will be tried for working a confidence game. Ducks Killed by Lightning. [Washburn N. D.) Special to Minneapolis Tribune ] A strange sight was witnessed here yes terday during a very severe thunder storm When the storm was at its height an enor mously large flock of ducks was seen com ing from the north. It was undoubtedly the largest flock ever seen in this section of North Dakota. The sky was black with birds, and the number was variously esti mated at from 500,000 to 1,000,000. They were terror-stricken,and flew along wildly, making a great noise. Instead of flying high, they scurried along close to the ground, and the flapping of their wings provoked a tumult that could be plainly heard above the roar of the thunder. Suddenly there came a vivid flash of lightning, followed by a terrific peal of thunder. At the first flash hundreds of the birds fell crying to the ground. The storm began to grow in its frightfnl inten sity, and the ducks became more terrorized each moment. There came another flash more vivid than its predecessor, and thou sands of the fowls fell heavily to the earth. Two more flashes in qnick succession and the slaughter was even greater. Swarms of the birds descended rapidly, and lay in heaps on the ground. Their death was ap parently instantaneous, for there was not even the flapping of a wing as they fell. The birds that escaped flew on, still keep ing np their hoarse cries. After the storm was over great heaps of the dneks were found on the ground. Probably 10,000 of them were killed by the lightning. The Poison of Tobacco. I Medical Record.] The great bulk of the evil physical ef fects due to the moderate ure of tobacco are of an intermediate nature and not directly noticable. The plainly marked results fol lowing the use of tobacco in relatively large amounts seem to be due to quick and extreme interference with nutrition and a diminution of function of all kinds, which may be represented by anything from a slight decrease of appetite and digestive ability to a complete loss of function of al most any important organ. Alcohol, owing to the usual method of introduction through the stomach, produces directly noticable structural changes. But with tobacco the direct evil results are mostly of a func tional character, and are more generally diffused, owing to the usual slow manner of introduction into the body. It is easy to see the effects of large amounts of tobacco in the stunted growth of adolescents; in functional cardiac disorders; in intellectual sluggishness, loss of memory, and color blindness; in loss of appetite, and other neuroses of motion, and marked blnnting of varions functions of sensation, and in degeneracy of descendants. The greater evils that are the outcome of a moderate use of tobacco are probably due to pro longed slight interference with nutrition and consequent general decrease of vitality, which renders the individual more suscep tible through indirect influence to invasion of disease, and which lessens the capacity for productive effort. M. DEROULEDE. One of the Agitators who Disturbs the Peace ot France. While General Boulanger continues in London his followers are working out a mischievous scheme in Paris. They seem to aim at creating the greatest possible disor der, and disturbing the Government all they can by stirring up discontent. The ringleader in these performances is M. De lourede, a member of the Chamber of Deputies. Only two days after making a scandalous disturbance in the Chamber of Commerce, he undertook to create a riot in the streets. A crowd had assembled be fore the statue of Strasburg to bear him and several other members of the Chamber of Deputies, when the police forbade De rou'ede to speak. He protested, and while affixing floral wreaths to the railings around the statute led the crowd in shouts of "Vive Boulangei!" An officer .who made the attempt, failed to arrest him. Delou rede then jumped into a cab and was driven to a newspaper office where noisy demon strations were renewed. Boulangerism is a rallying point for the disaffected. As such, and only as such, it is dangerous. The French government is alive to the possible mischieve it may work, and students of contenijoiary hit- tory re gard the law relating to plural candidacies, recently passed by the Chamber, as aimed at Boulanger himself. According to the reading of this bill no one person is allowed to offer himself as a candidate in more than one electoral district, and every candidate is required to name the place lor which he stands before the date is fixed for the elec tion. It will be remembered that Boulan ger's greatest triumphs have been due to the absence of such a law as this. More over, the commission of the High Court of Justice has delivered a final decision which will send M. Boulanger before the High Court of Justice for trial on charges of high treason and embezzlement. He Took the One Chance in a Million. As we got down in the neighborhood of Put-in-Bay it came on to blow great guns and the seas were tiemendous. The steamer pitched and tossed and rolled in a way to frighten everybody, and about mid afterncon a sleek-looking young man pitched across the cabin to the sofa on which I was sitting and ask: " o you think we can pull through?" "It's doubtful." "Good chance for going down, eh?" "Best in the world." "Well, I have a few dollars in counter feit money with me—some that was psssed on me—and I guess I'll throw it over board." He pitched across to bis state-room and probably got rid of it. In about half an hour he came for me again and asked: "What do you think of it now?" "She seems to be laboring heavily, and I am expecting to hear that she has sprung a leak." "Is that so? I have two or three packs of cards in my valise. That might count against me in the other world, and I guess I'll leave 'em out. He was gone about a quarter of an honr this time, and as he staggered up to the sofa again the steamer almost stood on end. "It's growing worse, isn't it?" he in quired. "Much worse." "And we ought to prepare for death ?" "We had." "I—I believe I have two or three bogus bonds with me belonging to a friend who sometimes has a confidence game. I guess they'll have to go, too." When he was gone I shifted my posi tion, and it was half an honr before he found me again. The steamer was rolling and pitching and he was very white as he inquired : "What are the chances now?" "One in a million." I did not see him again nntil we were nearing the islands. Then I canght him trying to. work the three-card racket on a Canadian farmer, and I called him aside. "Yon seem to have recovered all yonr cheek, my frier d?" "I have—yes." "While yon thought there was danger of onr going down yon was very penitent ?" "Just so." "1 thought yon threw overboard every thing belonging to yonr profession ? ' "Not qnite. I was going to, bnt when yon said we had one chance in a million I took it and saved monte, and if yon'll let me alone III poll fifty dollars ont of that old cottonseed before we mnke the wharf." She Knew the Scheme. [Detroit Free Press.J A girl with a bundle in her hand was going np Park street yesterday when she met a girl with a bundle coming down. They seemed to intuitively to divine each other's occupation, and the fact that each was ont of a job. "When did yon leave ?" queried the first. "About an hour ago. When did you ?" "Same time. Wbat did yon quit for ?" "Folks had too much company and I worked like a slave. What did yon qnit for?" "Folks had no company nor nothing to do, and I was getting too fat. Don't we have hard times, though ?" "Drefful. If it isn't one thing it's an other. I am now after a place where tl e lady is said to respect her servant's feel ings." "How nice ! That means every evening out—all the beans yon want—breakfast at half-past eight and girl company every afternoon. Oh ! bnt it can't last. It's a scheme to get yon there and pnt a double wash on yon for a starter." THE SHAH AND HIS MINISTER. An Account of Their Meeting at Paris. LDetroit Free Press.] When the Honorable Hadji Hassein Ghooly Kahn arrived in Paris he found that his angnst master, the Shah of Persia, was there ahead of him. enjoying the sights of the city and going up the Effel Tower three times a day. When Mr. H. H. G. Kahn called at the ho el at which the Shah of Persia was staying, and was informed that bis Tremendous Frightful ness was in, he salaamed clear down to the ground and spread his hands horizontally three or four times, and then ventured into the awful presence. "Well, Ghooly," said that potentate, "how's things? I thought you were over in the States." "Your most august tremendonsness," an swered the minister, salaaming again, "I have just come from there." "Ha, ha," said the Shah, poking him jocosely in the ribs. "You heard what a time I was having over there, did you, and yon wanted to come and enjoy it yourself for awhile? This is a great town. Beats London all to pieces. If New York is any thing like it I am going over there on the first steamer." "Alas, your sublime mightiness, you wouldn't like it over there. I came away in sorrow because of the items which the papers had been publishing, referring in common, every-day language to yonr most potential highness." "What did the villains say about me ?" "Here it is, your gracious majesty. Here is an item from a vile Detroit paper, which says: 'His majesty, the Shah, has 3,695 wives, and every Monday being wash day, he never shows up in the regal residence at all.'" "And does the varlet who wrote that still live ?" "Alas, yonr gracious awfulmss," replied the trembling minister, "he does." "Why did you not have his head stricken off?" asked the Shah, with a calm that was more terrifying to the Minister than his previous rage. "If you please, your gracious Majesty, such is not allowed in that barbarous country." "Nonsense," cried the Shah, "you cau't stuff' me that way. In that paper you sent me over it says that his majesty the Presi dent ot Harrison had the heads of his office holders in a basket, aDd that his mighti ness Wacamaker had beheaded nearly all of the postmasters belonging to the former government. Is it not so?" "Your majesty," cried the terrified minis ter, "it is so politically, but not practi cally." "What care I," shouted the Shah, "how it is done, politically or with the broad-ax or a sword, it is the same to me. I care not how the heads are shorn, so be it they are shorn. Hast thou more of that stuff in your scrap-book ? "Aye, yonr most graciou awfulness, it is indes d full of similar extracts." "And thou hast dared to bring it in my presence," cried the Shah, now thoroughly enraged, "while the authors still livt?" The trembling ex minister made no re ply The Shah turned to one of his retainers and said: "Just oblige me by taking this man to the bath room where it will not make too much muss, and take off' his head." This was accordingly done. A cable dis patch to the papers records the unfortunate occurrence thus : "Paris. Augnst 1.—The Honorable ex Minister Kahn died suddenly at the Grand Hotel this morning. He was ill but a few moments with throat trouble, but by the time the court physician of Persia arrived nothing could be done for the unfortunate man." A Genuine Hermitess. New York, July 18 —New Brunswick has a genuine sensation to talk of to-day. A genuine hermitess, it is alleged, has been discovered on the banks of the Raritan, within a few miles of New Brunswick. The hermitess a woman, whose age is placed at 80. She lives, it is alleged, with servant in an old mansion in the woods. She is reported to be very wealthy, and although most of the rooms in the house are never used, they are handsomely furnished. The hermitess keeps to her room,and has not looked on a human face bnt that of the old servant's for thi;ty-six years. Years ago, it is alleged, she was disappointed in love, and, although a reigning belle and heiress, she withdrew herself from all friends and society. Her meals are served to her on gold and silver dishes, and she still possesses the fine dresses and jewelry of her bygone days. She has never slept in a bed -ince her disappointment in love. The old woman spends her time reading the thonsands of old, mnsty volumes in the book cases in her room. She is the last survivor of an old family, and refuses to hold intercourse with any one. Her name is Merritt. ___ A Pig Mistake. A merchant whose articulation had a de cided tendency in the direction of a lisp had engaged a clerk who was not aware of his vocal peculiarity, "John," said the merchant, who wished to lay in his winter stock of pork, "go ont and bny for me two or three thows and pigs." "Yes, sir," said John, much elated at the commission. John returned late at night, looking as thongh he had performed a hard day's work. "Did you get them?" asked the merchant. "Only part of them," was the reply. "I bought all I could find; but there were onlv eight hundred to be had." "Eight hundnd! Eight hundred what, thir?" asked the astonished lisper. "Eight hundred pigs," was the reply. "You told me to buy two or three thousand pigs; bnt they are not to be found." "Two or three thousand pigs! I did not tell you to do any snch sthupid thing. I thaid you thould bny two or thows and pigs!" exclaimed the merchant. "That's just what l said," answered the clerk. "Two or three thousand pigs; I bought all I coaid find." The merchant now began to see the origin of the mistake. It was apparently a costly joke, but there was no remedy. The pigs had been fairly bought, and there was no way but to make the best of a bad bar gain. The grunters were duly paid for and shut up, to be fattened for market. It so happened that pork took a sudden rise at that time, and the merchant realized a large profit on his involuntary investment. pa 3? •kl d rm [i* . / ' z. » ROBERT ISAAC CB ESTER. The Oldest Living MasoL in the United States. The portrait is of the oldest living ma son, and was taken recently at Hot Springs, Arkansas, where its venerable subject was visiting. Mr. Chester, who was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, July 31,1793, is a great great g andia'her. He was taken to East Tennessee, in December, 1796, and is unquestionably the oldest inhabitant of the State. In July, 1816, he removed to Middle Tennessee, and in May, 1823, to West Tennessee, where he now resides, at Jackson, Madison County. Mr. Chester joined the Masonic order in 1814, when he was twepty-one years of age. He is still an enthusiastic member. The interesting old man served in the war of 1812. In 1884 he carried the Presidential vote of Tenneseee to the President of the Senate at Washing'on. He is six feet high and weighs from 170 to 180 pounds. Still erect in person, healthy and of vigorous understanding the oldest Mason in the wond will probably livt to be more than a century old. THE MAGIC ELIXIR. Some Philadelphia Physicians on Dr. Hrown-Sequard's Discovery. [From the Philadelphia Record.] Dr. Brown-Sequard, the great French physician, in his reported discovery of an elixir of life, thinks that he baa found what Juan Ponce de Leon sought for when he found Florida, the Land of Flowers. An eminent physician of this city said yester day: "Dr. Brown-Sequard's experiments may be valuab'e and lend a new lease of life to old age, bnt he is not the first man who has started ont to find an elixir of life which would stay the hand of death. Ponce de Lcod, who discovered Florida, was incited to that adventure because in his old age he heard of a fountain that would restore yonth and beauty, and started oat from Porto Rico, bat although he lived six years after discovering the land of flowers he never found the magic pool which would restore his lost vigor, and died, like all other old men, in 1521. If Dr. Brown Sequard has found anew life-giver he will be the greatest man that has ever seen the light." "I never place mach reliance in life elixirs nor fountains of yonth," said Dr. H. C. Simes yesterday in discussing the recent experiments of Dr. Brown-Seqnard, ol Paris, as described in the Record of last Sunday. "They have been discovered and rediscovered through a long series of years, by Æscalapius and the Indian medicine men and Dr. Faustns a id scores of modern bigheads, yet men continue ic be gathered to their fathers in the good, old-fashioned style, and no satisfactory death-killer has yet loomed up. The discovery of Dr. Brown-Sequard, however, bas one virtue that entitles it to much greater respect than the bulk of its predecessors: it comes from a very eminent practitioner, who has al ready contributed materially to the medi cal progress of the century. It is idle for any one to condemn his method at this early stage before the case has had a thor ough test. " The Frenchman's testimony as to the remarkable effects of his experiment upon himself are to be accepted for wbat they are worth, but, of course, prove nothing. His own imagination may easily have led to a supposed renewal of youth, and the wish may have been readily converted into the thought A single analagona instance was the discovery of blood infusion. The medical world wrs mightily aronsed at this discovery, which, it was believed, con tained the seeds of immortal yonth. Now, however, blood infusion wanders forlorn in the backwoods of medical science." "Dr. Brown-Sequard's discovery most ▼indicate its worthiness before it can be ac cepted as rational by the medical world," said a Jefferson hospital professor. "The worthy doctor's allegation that he felt thirty yeare younger after his process of injection by no means establishes that pro cess as advantageous, or even free from grave danger. His mere recent experi ments, however, are of considerable inter est. Two men past 50 and another near threescore were submitted to the process, themselves entirely unconscious of the nature of the injected fluid. They were mach run down, and their vitality was at a low ebb. The injection was followed by general nervons excitement, an increase of mnscnlar power and a well regulated diges tion. These facts are valuable, and if they can be substantiated by future develop ments the discovery may assume a practi cal scientific worth. But the fact that ex periments of this nature are without prece dent renders prediction fntile and absurd." She Knew Whereto Place Him. [Detroit Free Press. 1 Do you know," asked a woman at the Woodbridge street station the other day. "whether a small man with a lop shoulder and a cataract in his eyes has been fished cat of the river within the last two days?" "No snch case, ma'am " "Has such a man been sent np?" "Yes, we had him heiefor drunkenness," answered the sergeant, after consulting the records. "Just as I thought. He told me he was going to snicide, hot he's the contrarient man in the world, and I figured that he would be in the workhouse instead of the bottom of the river. I never make no mis akes on Jim."