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Thirty-third liny--August 5. AFTERNOON SESSION. The Convention resumed yesterday af ternoon at 4 o'clock. Sargeant explained why he voted aye on the motion to adopt section 4, the State Senator question, to move for a reconsider ation, and wished the explanation entered upon the journal, which was done. Collins, chairman of the finance commit tee, reported on resolution No. 26, offered by Maginnis, allowing municipalities to incur indebtedness for a watter supply. It was read and adopted. The same com mittee reported on Brown's resolution pro hibiting an increase or a reduction of sala ries of county officers, recommended that salaries be fixed for all couDty officers and that the fee system be abolished; also that the resolution in question be referred to the committee on city 1 county and towno: ganizations. Adopted. Proposition No. 19, legislative depart ment, came up under the order of unfin ished business, and Burleigh moved that it be adopted as part of the constitution of Montana. The ayes and noes were called, resulting: Ayes 39, noes 23, absent 11, paired 2, and the proposition waä adopted, referred to the engrossing and revision and phraseology committee. Proposition No. 28, miscellaneous sub jects and future amendments, came up for final consideration. Goddard moved to strike out section 9, relating to penalties prescribed for state, county and municipal officeis accepting railroad passes. The motion was put and carried—ayes 33, noe« 28, absent 14. Craven offered an amendment to section 14 by inserting al er "any amendment to turn constitution may be proposed in either house of the legislative assembly ; and if the same shall be voted for by two-thirds of the members elected to each house," the following: "except in the case of proposed amendments to an increase in the number of State senators and the reorganization of senatorial districts where a majority vote of the senate will he sufficient, instead of the usual two-thirds vote of that body." The amendment failed. Toc le, of Lewis and Clarke, moved to strike out section 2, "All officers whose election or appointment is not provided for by the constitution, and all officers whose office and duties may be hereafter created by law, shall be elected or appointed, as may be provided by law," and the motion prevailed. Proposition No. 28 was placed upon its final passage and passed—ayes 57, noes 0, absent 16. The convention took a recess until 8 o'clock. Un resuming, the convention went into committee of the whole, Kennedy in the chair, on Proposition 33 ordinances. On motion ot Middleton, amended by Toole, of Lewis and Clarke, it was decided to report iu favor of placing this proposi tion at the foot of the calendar, to be the last thing considered. Convention arose, committee reported. Convention again went into committee of the whole, Kennedy in thechair, on Propo sition 24. oo municipal corporations and public officers. Bickford moved to strike out the por tions ot section 2, which refer to the qual ifications of electors, as that is already pro vided for in another article. The amend ment was cariied. Fields offered an amendment but with drew it. Carpenter moved to amend section 2 by inserting "voting on a removal of a county seat shall vote therefor," making the lan guage plainer, and section 2 was adopted as amended. Section No. 3, which provides that the legislature may prescribe how a portion of one county may be taken for the formation of new counties or to be added to another county, was read and Mitchell moved to strike the section out. Carried. Sedtion 4, which provides that when a new county is established it must be able to pay its pro rata of taxation of the county from which it was taken, was read Conrad moved that Resolution 14, intro duced by himself, be read, which was done. It is to the effect that no new county shall be established unless it has an assessed valuation of $3,000,000 and no county shall lie divided if by the division the remain ing section is not left $4,000,000 of taxable property. Bicktord moved that the resolution be added to Sectiou 4 as a proviso. After a long discussion the motion was lost. Hobson offered an amendment "that nothing in this section shall prevent an ad justment of existing county lines." Car ried Section 4 was adopted as amended. Section 5 and 6, which provide for new counties and boundary lines, were stricken out. Whitebill moved to strike out section 6, which provides that the legislature shall divide counties into precincts. Luce took the same view as the legislature had the power to enact all laws necessary. The sec tion was strickeu out, as was section 8 bear ing upon the same subject. Pickards moved to strike out the para graph prescribing the duties of the county commissioners. The amendment was adopted. Cooper moved to amend section 10 by giv ing the district judge power to fill vacan cies in the board of county commissioners instead of the governor, as the bill pro vides. Adopted. Collins said there was a conflict between sections 8 and 10, and moved that the com mittee rise, report progress, and ask leave to sit again. Carried. The convention resumed, the chairman reported, and on motion the convention ad journed. Thirty-fourth Uay--August 6. MORNING SESSION. Convention met at 10 o'clock pursuant to adjournment, Mr. President in the chair, Roll call. No quorum present. Burleigh moved a call of the house, stating he thought it would be necessary to send a polite invitation to absent mem bers to be piesent. Carried. Several missing delegates put in their appearance and were followed soon after by others, when McAdow moved that fur ther call of theho. se be dispensed with, which motion prevailed. Prayer by chaplain. Journal of yester day read and adopted. J. R. Toole, chairman of the committee on mining and water, to whom was re ferred memorial No. 1, relating to importa tion of lead ores from Mexico, reported the same back and recommended that it be laid on the table. Hogan moved report be received and adopted Lace moved it be printed and then con sidered with memorial in committee of the whole. Warren objected to "monkeying" any further with the memoriaL Aiken moved it be laid on the table. Burleigh asked for the reading of the same for information concerning the same. He didn't know whether it was from the United States or Mexico. The memorial was accordingly lead. Sargeant moved it be incorporated as the sense of the convention. Burleigh desired to explain his vote, but was ruled out of order. Callaway called for the ayes and noes. Maginnis objected, but he withdrew it. Aiken's motion to lay on the table was lost by a vote of ayes, 20, noes, 41. Warren in connection with the subject said he had received a telegram from Olympia stating that the Convention there had protested against the importation of Mexican lead ore without a dissenting voice and askiDg what was the matter with Montana. Luce renewed his motion and Conrad moved to amend by referring it to a se lect committee with instructions to revise atd print. Luce's motion was again urged, when Callaway rose and stated the memorial covered a very important subject and if he understood the gentleman from Lewis and Clarke (Maginnis) he said it censuied the Secretary of the Treasury and President. Maginnis said that he had stated his view was that if it did censure or cast any reflection upon the Secretary of the Treas ury and President he would feel obliged to vote against it, but he might not do so. Dixon stated there was a tariff on lead, and he was in favor of the memorial. J. K. Toole also declared that he would vote for the memorial, and spoke in substance as fol lows: Under a law enacted by a Republican administration and still in force we have seen the lead ores of Mexico poured into the United States without the payment of duty. It came in ABSOLUTELY FBEE OF DUTY. It occurred in this way : Under the present tariff laws silver and gold ores are on the free list, and lead ores pay 1) cent tariff, or $30 per ton, but under the construction long prevailing in the Treasury Depart ment it is held that if upon a sample of the ore it contains an assay value of more silver or gold than lead, the shipment is classified as silver or gold ore, as the case may be, and so the lead it contains comes in free. I have fought against this construction be fore the committees and before the depart ment, aLd designed to be heard upon the floor of the House, but was unavoidably ab sent when that part of the tariff schedule was reached. Lead is a merchantable article. The true construction is, that the ore ought to be fairly sampled, and if it contains any amount of lead, say 30 per cent., it should pay a tariff upon that 30 per cent., or upon 600 pounds, which would be equivalent thereto; but this construction was resisted by a Republican Senate Senator Stewart of Nevada, offtred a resolution directing the judiciary committee of the Senate to to inquire into and report what was the proper construction of the existing law, and that committee, composed of a Republican majority, with Senator Edmunds at its head, reported that if the ore contained more silver or gold than lead, that such ores ought to be classified as silver or gold, as the case might be, and that the lead should come in free. Luce's motion was lost by a vote of 30 to 28. Sargeant moved that the memorial be adopted. : I Collins stated that he was in favor of the memorial as long as there was a tariff on lead Warren said, if the gentleman (Sargeant) would withdraw his motion he would move to refer it to a select committee of five. The motion carried. Special orders were reached, and as sec tion 4 ot proposition 26, relating to taxa tion, revenue, etc., was made a special order for this morning, it was read. Dixon offered an amendment to strike out certain words, making only a verbal change in the reading of the proposition. Hartman spoke against the amendment, and hoped it would not prevail. Middleton spoke in favor of incorporating it in the constitution, and stated that the gentleman lrom Gallatin had himself ac knowledged that the land in Gallatin county was three imes richer from having irrigating ditches. J. R Toole thought it should be the duty of the county commissioners to act on the subject, sitting as a board of equalization, and wanted to know if they would not act upon the matter of taxes. Rickards announced that they were all ready to vote and called for the previous question Bickford asked the gentleman to with draw his motion for about one and one half minutes. Rickards was of the opinion that if Bickford spoke some one would waut to answer him,and wanted the previous ques tion. Eaton stated if Bickford was granted that time he would want the same. The amendment offered by Dixon was lost by a vote of ayes 27; noes 29 Section 4 was lost by a vote of ayes 23; noes 40; paired 2; ab: ent JO. Maginnis moved to reconsider the vote and lay on the table. Goddard moved that the convention go into committee of the whole to consider proposition 24. article on municipal corpo rations and offices. Maginnis moved that as it was nearly 12 o'clock that proposition 32, on military reservations, be taken up, that is if the gentleman (Goddard) would withdraw his motion. Carried. It was read. Haskell moved to insert in line three, after the words, Fort Miesoula, the words Fort Buford. The rules were suspended and it was considered in convention instead of in com mittee of the whole. Haskell's motion was put and lost. Myers withdrew his motion. Hartman moved the adoption of the sec tion and place upon final passage under suspension of the rules. The proposition was passed by a unani mous vote and it was referred to the com mittee on enrollment. On motion of Burleigh convention re cessed till 2 o'clock. AFTERNOON SESSION. I Convention met at 2 o'clock and went into committee of the whole. Kennedy in the chair. Proposition No. 24, on munici pal corporations and offices, which nad been partly acted upon, was taken up. Section 10, providing for the terms of office for county commissioners was read. Luce moved to adopt the section. Car penter moved as a substitute for sections nine and ten that each county shall elect three county commissioners, whose terms of office shall be four years and that the district judge ehall have power to fill va cancies. The amendment was adopted. Section 11, enumerating the county offi cers and their terms of office, was read. It provides what county officers shall be elected at the first State election and also that they shall hold office until the general election of 1892. Warren moved to amend by providing that the present county officers shall hold their offices until their successors have been elected and qualified. Carpenter offered the following amend ment, which Warren accepted : In section 11, alter word "years." in line 6, strike out all in lines 6 and 7 up to and including the figures "1892," and in s ert, "All county and township officers in office at the time of the adoption of this consti tution (except probate judges) shall hold their respective offices until the expira tion of the terms for which they were elect* d." After the discussion of the matter Rob inson moved that when the committee rise it report back the amendment with the proposition with the recommendation that it be considered with the report of the committee on ordinance. Adopted. Eaton moved to amend section 11 by providing that no county treasurer shall hold his office for more than two consecu tive terms. The amendment was adopted. Section 12. "No person shall be eligible to ony county office unless he is a qualified elector, nor unless he shall have resided in the county at least one year next preced ing his election." Cooper moved to amend by inserting in lieu of "qualified elector," "a citizen of the State, ' and Witter moved to further amend by adding "unless other wise provided in ibis constitution." Cooper withdew. Witter's amendment carried. Sectiou 12 was then stricken out, on mo tion of Carpenter. The provision requiring the legislature to provide for such offices as public con venience demands was made optional in stead of mandatory. Witter moved to strike out Section 14, on the compensation and duties of officers. Carried. Resolution No. 9 was considered with proposition No. 24. It is in substance that no person shall hold office for more than two consecutive terms. The committee was authorized to report back with the recommendation that it do not pass. Resolution No. 10, relative to the naming of new counties as far as practicable after mountain ranges, rivers, natural scenery, etc., was lost. Joy's resolution in regard to giving the legislature power to enact laws to remove Chinese from cities and towns was lost. On motion the committee rose and the chairman reported that he was instructed to report that proposition No. 24 had been considered and recommended to be adopted, excepting such parts as had been referred to other committees. Convention again went into committee of the whole. Carpenter in the chair, on Proposition 31, corporations other than mu nicipal. Breen moved to add to Section 6, which prohibits corporations such as railroads and express companies from consolidating, an addition prohibiting any one from hold ing offices on two parallel or competing roads or two express companies, etc., at the same time. The amendment was carried. Toole, of Lewis and Clarke, offered a new section, providing that members oi corporations shall be individually liable for the debts of the company. After a long discussion the section was rejected. On motion of Burleigh the committee arose, the convention resumed, and the chairman of the committee of the whole reported, recommending that proposition No. 31 as amended be adopted. Recess till 8 o'clock. EVENING SESSION. Convention resumed. Presideiu Claik announced that ex Gov. S. T. Hauser and wife extended an invita tion to the wives and ladies of the mem bers to attend with them the reception at their house Friday evening. Kennedy, chairman of the committee of the whole on proposition No. 24, "article on municipal corporations and offices," submitted his report. Burleigh moved to adopt the report. Middleton moved to re ceive, which was done. The amendments suggested by the committee of the whole were read. Middleton moved to amend section 11 by striking out the amendment proposed by the committee of the whole and insert ing, "provided no person shall hold the office of county treasurer for more than two consecutive terms." Carried. The resolution introduced by Warren relative to all county officers now holding office shall hold office until 189U, was re ferred to the committee of the whole, to be considered with the proposition on ordi nances Hogan moved to adopt Proposition No. 24 as amended as part of the constitution of Montana. The motion was put and carried—ayes 41, noes 26, absent 8. Callaway moved that the vote by which Proposition No. 24 was adopted be recon sidered and that the motion be laid upon the table. The motion prevailed—ayes 33, noes 32 Proposition 31 came up for final disposi tion. Rickards moved to strike out section 4. After a long discussion the motion was lost. The rults were suspended, proposition 31 placed upon its final passage and passed, and ordered incorporated as part of the constitution of Montana. Thirty-Fifth Day--August 7. MORNING SESSION. Convention met at 10 o'clo, k pursuant to adjournment taken. President in the chair. Roll call. Quorum present. Prayer by chaplain. Journal of yesterday read, corrected aüd adopted. Robinson introduced a proposition, No. 37, in regard to construction of words, providing wherever the word "may" oc curs in the constitution it shall be con strued as directory, and the word "shall" as manditory. The proposition was read and vote taken aye and nay and was de clared carried, when Hershfield called for division. Rickards asked the gentleman to explain himself, but Collins moved it be referred to judiciary committee, which was carried. J. R. Toole moved convention go into committee of the whole to consider propo sition 18, general file 17, on state institu tions and public buildings. Carried. Hersh field in the chair. Hershfield announced that on the 27th of last month they had under considera tion Section 2, and asked wbat was the pleasure of the convention. Maginnis ros6 and renewed his amend ment offered when the committee rose on the 27th of last month on the motion of Warren. Warren objected, on the grounds that the section had been adopted. He was de clared incorrect by the chair. Maginnis' amendment, to stiike out in line 2 the words "at its third regular session," in lines 9 and 10. All of the proviso was read Warren offered an amendment to the amendment, changing the third regular session to the first session. Maginnis asked for the reading of the section as amended. Maginnis then stated he would leave to the legislature, after its first regular session had met, if the question of capital location if left to the people to vote upon. Warren's amendment was ac cepted by Maginnis, that provided to leave it to the legislature to choose the capital at its first instead of third session. J. R. Toole asked for a division of the question, first, on time to fix permanent capital, and, second, the proviso. Warren's motion to make it the first ses sion instead of tne third, as accepted by Maginnis, was carried by a vote of 42 to 13. J. R. Toole stated that it would save time to strike out the proviso, as there was ample time to discuss it in gen eral convention, and moved that it be left as it stood. Maginnir' amendment to strike out the proviso was pot and the vote was decided lost, when Maginnis called for a division. Collins moved to amend by inserting in line 2 instead of the words "at its first ses sion" and make it the "second session." Maginnis said that he moved to strike out the proviso because it was not needed. There was no demand to change the capi tal. He had had the pleasure to sit with Rur or five guests who had voted for the enabling act and were surprised to hear that the constitutional convention should take this matter into their hands. It was not provided for in the enabling act. Our sis ter states now in convention did not think of any such thing as this. We are here harmonious. Some of us were voted down on some things we thought necessary for the good of the State govern ment. Shall we change this convention into a lot of jobbers? Will this add to our history to be submitted to the citizens? (Applause.) You may have them to vote against your constitution. Is it right to make this convention a pack mule to carry everybody's pack through the election? We wi 1 see the new empires that are to be in this large vallev north of us. (Ap plause ) When that' time shall come my constituents will be prepared to show their claims, not to the Legislature, but to the people in general. Butte may be a center of railroads, but now twenty one passenger trains leave Helena every day and fifty will leave before the year is over Fourteen thousand dollars are paid out of this county alone for the insane and peni tentiary, and now you want us to pav $14, 000 more to every $1500 paid by any other county. Is that fair ? Is that just ? The gentleman trom Custer spoke of his city, little knowing that it wad first settled by a gentleman from Helena. It was ad mitted as a city by an act ot Congress sup ported by the citizens of this place, and the man that first settled Glendive was Matt Carroll. The Montana Central was built by citizens of Helena ; your road to Philipsbarg and so many other mining camps were all built by Heleua citizens. You people from Cus ter and Gallatin counties were unable to build your road to Red Lodge and were forced to give it up, and was it not built successfully by Helena citizens ? 1 challenge you all to match against the Queen City of the West—Helena. Shall we go on this way or shall we follow the example offered by our sister States?" Ramsdell stated that there was some point overlooked in the general scramble for the capital. I think this should be submitted to the people of this State, and it would be wrong to strike it out for ever. Luce said, speaking on this proposition : "I think the chair will be able to keep order in the gallery, and I will do my part on this important question without any ex pectation of having flowers showered on my head by the ladies of Helena. Helena is a great place. Her people are generous. He had not had the pleasure of rtebaiiDg wuh eastern senators as had Mr. Maginnis, but I think I have said enough about Helena. She has a greater variety of industries than any other county. It has more millionairs and representatives of wealth than any other county. Take It somewhere where you are not strangled by dust and wont break your back in the winter time. Take it to Bozeman among a class of honest people. [Laughter] We have the finest potatoes in the territory, and where would a senator be without good potatoes? We have the best schools, some pretty ladies and some educated gentle men. We make an exception of the gents sent here. [Laughter] The seat of the capital for the Territory is fixed, but it does not provide for the seat of the capital for the State of Mon tana. I undertake to say that if a tempo rary seat is not provided for that the Legis lature and the Supreme court cannot meet. J. R. Toole said he was young and timid, as his friend Judge Luce had stated, but felt forced to face the galleries. As my friend Luce said, there is a blank there and it must be filled temporarily. I only find fault with my friend that in his speech he forgot the name of our city, or that there was such a city. We have the best hotel accommodations, the best and purest water and the finest system of electric lights in the Territory. I made a statement here tne other day as to the amoun of work done by the railroad to be $3,000,000, and some doubted my word, so I sent for the statement and find it to be about $2,700,000. I now renew my offer and submit the same proposition I made to this convention on the 27th of last month, to supply large and commodious halls for the legislature and to pay tor them, free lrom any expense to the State, which on becoming a State will be heavily taxed. I make this proposition in a manner free from any jobbery and would like you to consider it carefully. Burleigh said he thought there was some point still lacking. He admired his friend from Lewis and Clarke county for his eloquent speech. He loved a man who loved his people; he despised a man for deserting his people. His triend in his fine speech was just showing his gratitude to his constituents. He thought there should be no haste in locating tfie capital. I should like to relate a small story I heard during the war, as it will show the point I am trying to illustrate, and you will pardon me tor doing so. Kil patrick, on one of his raids through the South, had a man with him named Patrick O'Fiarity, who insisted he had been with the Duke of Welling on at the battle of Waterloo, and but tor his presence there the duke would have lost the battle. Kil patrick asked him how old he was and he answered, "Forty five, your honor." "Why," said his chief, "that was twenty or thirty years before you were born." "No matter," said Patrick, "I was there just the same." He was asked to relate it. On the morning before the battle the duke ordered the officers to prépaie the lines lor battle. The chief of staff came to him later and stated the army was ready. The duke mounted and rode along the .ines reviewing his ttoops. Turning suddenly to the chief of staff he said, "Is Patrick O'Fiarity here?" The chief said, "Yes," "Call him to the front," said the Duke. He was called out aud stepping to the front said: "Pres ent, your honor." "Now let the battle pro ceed," said the Duke. (Laughter.) That was exactly the position of Helena. He also stated he would not vote on the sub ject of moving the capital, except tempo rarily, and hoped they wouldn't take too quick action on the subject. Rickards said he was sorry that some of the gentlemen bad not held to the subject under debate and that he believed as long as a man had a horn let him blow it, and as he was afraid he wouldn't get another chance to blow his he was going to improve the opportunity offered and make a lew re marks about Butte. I agree with a gr^at deal that has been said in favor ot Helena. The energy of Helena, or the bottled up energy of Helena yet to be displayed, is great. I will not sit here and have it said that Helena is a better place than Butte. Butte is the center of railroads, the best street cars and the finest center lor all railroads to Eastern Montana unless it is Bozeman. Butte has never had anything from Mon tana, and now all she asks is the temporary capital until it is time to vote on the subject. I hope, in the final settlement, you will give her what she asks At this point Middleton rose and moved that committee rise, report progress and ask leave to sit again. Carried. Hershfield, chairman of committee of the whole, reported. Report received and adopted. Callaway moved a recess till 2 o'clock. 0 trried. Flathead Notes. Ailee, head chief of the Flatheads, was reported to be dying a few days ago, and Father D'Aste, of the mission, had been called to his bedside to administer the last consolation of the church. Arlee's com plaint is said to he dropsy. B>shop B rondel was at the mission on St Ignatius' day, July 31, and administered confirmation to a large number of Indians. Last Sunday the bishop and Father D'Aste were at the agency and dedicated the new church, which they named St. John's. The renegade murderers, Pierre Paul and La La See, are reported to have been seen on the reservation recently and seemed to be almost ont of ammunition. Major Ro nan thinks that their capture will be ef fected soon. Imparities of the blood often cause great annoyance at thisssason; Hood's Sarsaparilla purifies the bloodxind cures all such afections THE NEW DEPARTURE. In the convention on Saturday there were votes cast and remarks made which some time will be regretted, and the worst of it is that the spirit which has manifest ed itself is likely to lead on to other things still worse, till instead of a constitution framed to protect all persons and interests alike and to prevent combinations and con flicts of interest, we are likely to have pre sented an instrument in which the seeds of perpetual strife and division are implanted. We have never contemplated the alternative of having such an instru ment presented that we could not support in preference to longer endurance of Terri torial vassalage, but if the spirit that ruled on Saturday continues in the ascendant and completes its work, such a contingency will become a possibility, if not a necessity, for the preservation of self respect. There have been many schemes to secure minority representation and to limit the powers of the majority, but we never remember an instance in our prolific history where it was sought to embody in the fundamental law that the minority should control the majority. A principle so contrary to the whole spirit of our insti tutions is a radical revolution and it will need some time to become reconciled to it. If governments are to be established by counties instead of men, in which area counts for as much or more than human beings, it is such a wide and fundamental departure from familiar and established principles, that it will re quire time to recast our theories of govern ment and look ahead to see how we are going to come out. A prominent advocate of the new departure asserts that "acounty is a sovereignty." To prove the proposi tion he cites the powers exercised by counties. But these same powers are also exercised by cities and school districts; then they, too, must be sovereignties. And why is not every individual a sovereignty also? He can sue and be sued, and tax himself, issue bonds and build not only court houses, but any other kind of a house. The constitution ought to be consistent throughout, and we suggest that the preamble should start out with the new fundamental idea, "We the counties of Mon tana," etc. If sovereign counties form the new State, it would be very proper that the State should assume the county debts. But would it not be better, if we are going to form a confederacy of sovereign counties, to call it the Confederacy of Montana and make the name correspond with the fact. We should come into the Union then as a con stellation of counties and not merely as a single star. We hope if the confederation principle is adopted there will be some provision against secession. The outside counties will have an advantage over the inside ones in this respect. Dawson could set up an independent republic more con veniently than Jefferson. And in order to treat all the sovereign counties with equal faver and respect, it would be well to provide that the capital should board around among the counties, one month or one year in each. By hold ing sessions of the confederated Legislature in the warm season, a large canvass tent would answer fairly well, while the offices of the Secretary of State, Attorney Gene ral etc., could each be fitted up on wheels and the whole thing could travel around as a circus. Such a train when on the road should have the right of way, and natural curiosity would draw out the people generally, so that no large military escort would be needed. It would be a matter to consider whether similar pro visions could be made for the university, insane asylum and penitentiary, but we cannot think any insuperable difficulties would stand in the way. The magic letters, C. C. M., would indicate the confederated counties of Montana, and a suitable great seal would be a bald-headed coyote, with the motto, " E Unibus Plurum ." Helena has neglected the opportunity to secure one great means of security 8gainst fire. Her streets are narrow and there are no parks. Such fatal and almost criminal neglect can only be partially com pensated by extraordinary care in other re spects. The accumulations of combustible material in the rear of business places must not be tolerated for a single day. The fire limits should be extended as fast as the vacant lots are occupied and build ings brought close together, and none but brick and stone houses with metal roofs allowed. There should be thorough in spection of every building often to see that the heating apparatus and flues are abund antly safe. After all the defenses are pro vided and seem to be in full repair, it is still true that when a fire once gets in lull headway nothing will prevent the destruc tion of the safest buildings. The water supply must be not only abundant, but ready for instant use. The time to pu: out a fire is when it first starts; every moment then is worth an hour later on. Not a second is to be lost in sounding the alarm or in getting the water upon the fire If wind is blowing from any direction the path of danger becomes defined at once, and there is the place to make the s and. The South Dakota convention has fin ished its labors and adjourned, but it bad very little to do, for the popular vote had already decided in favor of the Sioux Falls constitution and it is hard to see how the members could have put in a whole month's time on the little details of readjustment Our own convention would have done bet ter in our opinion to have stock closer to the constitution framed in 1884. Their departures have generally been for the worse rather than in the line of improve ment The idea that the people are so set on statehood that they will adopt anything snbmitted is leading to the insertion of provisions that never wonld otherwise be considered as having a chance of success The Cleveland Plaindealer is confident that the Ohio democracy will take no step backward in the matter ot tariff reform at its coming convention. Certain it is, then, that the Ohio democracy will take no step forward at the polls. DESTRUCTION OF SPOKANE FALLS. To crown all the disasters of this moit disastrous season, the same element that not long since devastated and almost auni bilated Seattle and Ellensburg, has now swept away the entire business portion of Spokane Falls, one of the most enterpris ing and progressive cities of the New North west. Particulars are wanting through the destruction of the wires, but the calamity is awful and overwhelming Helena has been through this baptism of fire and knows what it means. Our people can sympathize with the sufferers, though it is only temporary and partial relief in aDV case that can be afforded. It teaches that there is no safety but in building more fire-proof and providing a more effective and abundant water supply. It is belter to have less property and a better title to it. It is better to have fewer houses and safer ones. It is better to grow more slowly and more substantially. There is need of more parks and open areas and wider streets. Are we heeding the instructions that come from our own and others ex perience ? Speaking in connection with the visit of the Senate Committee on Irrigation, the Minneapolis Tribune of k the 2d inst. seems to think that it will be time enough to look after the irrigation of the arid regions after the rest of the country is settled up ana improved. It professes to believe that this reclamation is possible and will produce great results and thinks thaï, it will have to oe done by the general government. We apprehend that when this subject is more thoroughly considered it will appear that there is not a single portion of any part of the country that is not interested. Irrigation is absolutely necessary in Montana, but it would do much good in Minnesota, New York or any one of the Southern States. There is not a stream in the coun try but what should be reser voired, as well to prevent destructive floods as occasional drouth. Irrigation en riches land as much as manure. It is a fer tilizer. Irrigation is being fast introduced all over Europe, in countries as well sup plied with rain as any portion of our States. It is too large and general a matter even for cur general government. It is not only right but necessary that the lands should own and control the waters. In the thinly settled arid regions where the general gov ernment owns most of the lands, it is di rectly interested in aiding the solution of this question. By the surveys now being made for reservoirs and the act with drawing from market any lands needed for this purpose, it is only providing for the settlement of the public domain and mak ing that tenantable which otherwise is worthless to government or anybody else. But in the end the land must own the water and a water right for every piece of land will be as essential as fences, houses and farm implements. It will take mil lions and hundreds of millions of money to carry out tbi9 system generally, but it is sure to come. It will need reservoirs im mense in size and number and so securely constructed that they will not break. It may be made to supply an enormous water power for manufacturing without interfer ing with the purposes of irrigation. In this way we can counteract the mischief that results from the destruction of our forests, and soon cover our country with cultivated forests of the most useful tim ber and orchards of fruit bearing trees. We are told that the Canadians are red hot over the seizure of the Diamond sealer by the Rush, aud they are keeping the cable red hot with their messages to Salis bury. We would remind our northern neighbors that it is a bad season of the year to get excited, and moreover, they will get satisfaction just as quick. There is a good deal of simulated rage, which is supremely silly. Metaphorically speaking, Canada has been parading around the western waters ever since Congress passed its act concerning the seal fisheries last winter, with a chip on her shoulder daring anybody to knock it off. All these months they have known what our law was, and they have been fitting out sealers and arming them, and telling what awful things they would do if we meddled with them. Well, the result, after months of bluffing and bragging, is rather ludicrous, to say the least. The Rush moved so coolly and unhesitatingly about the affair that the Diamond folks forgot about their guns and struck on sight. If Congress didn't want these sealers seized they should not have passed puch a law, and if the Cana dian sealers hadn't wanted to be caught they should have kept away. They de liberately went into the trap, and ought not to be surprised that it has sprung on them. We paid good American gold for Behring sea and the contract was scaled and delivered. The seals go with the title deed always. We have a good case to go before any board of arbitration. We have a warranty deed from the most poweifnl nation in the world—Russia If we have to fight to maintain our title Russia will be on our side But we are not apprehen sive of war, nor of the consequences if war should come. We know where we could secure full indemnity without a navy. The Herald and the Helena public are indebted to W. D. Knight, editor of the Spokane Chronicle, for the full special tele graphic reports of the great fire which filled a large share of the Herald's first page yeeterday. Mr. Knight, in the midst of the great disaster which befell his city, and surrounded by the ruins of his office, was eqaal to the emergency, and hastened all the news through to Helena that was spread betöre the people in Mon day's Hbbald. As it turned ont, this ad mirable special service rendered the Her ald and its readers was called for from all parts of the country, and from this point the Herald reports supplied by Mr. Knight went broadcast over the land in answer to the demands of the Associate Press and the great journals as far away as the seas Mr. Knight, above and beyond any and other compensation for his sacrificial work, has the abounding thanks of hundreds of thonsands of readers, who last evening and this morning had the benefit of his re ports of the Spokane fire. The foreign immigration for the last fiscal year showed a decline of 100,000 for the year preceding and only Reached the moderate limit of 438,614. More than a fourth of the decline was in the arrivals from Great Britain and Ireland. From Italy the falling off am runted to ons-h^lf From Germany and Scandivania, also 1 there wa9 considerable decline. Generally no one regrets the tailing off. We bave iq crease enough of our own to settle up the residue of our public domain in a f eir years. Our legislati jn has checked immigra tion some. Tuera are no more paupers lunatics, crimiuals and contract laborers coming over to fill our alms houses and asylums. It will give us a chance to naturalize the foreigners that we have and convert them into a better class of Ameri can citizens.__ Some eastern free trade organs are still reiterating the stale stories that protection is an injury to the wool-grower. Montana has a half million or more to testify to the benefits of protection and there has been no change of law, only a change of admin istrations, from one favorable to free trade to one favorable to protection. After a time protection will naturally invite capi tal into the business of sheep-growing and uuder the influence of home competition prices will decline. This is a result that all protectionists have foreseen. Protection will in the end bring as low prices as free trade, but it is done legitimately by home competition, while free trade would have brought bankruptcy and ruin in its train. The visit of the young German Emperor to Eagland is a significant event. It is in tended to advert-'se to the world the alliance between these two great powers. It is an alliance that is quite natural and may prove very powerful. The greatest military power in Europe in full and hearty alliance with the greatest naval power make a combination hard to beat They have the best of the situation France and Russia are so separated that it is impossible for them to act together effectively. We do not think the English Liberals regard the German alliance with much favor, but the court and lords and conservatives generally heartily endorse it. For the great Old and New World celebration of the discovery of America by Columbus, it is proposed to have a statue of Columbus ready for dedication October 12,1892, and to have present all the Presi dents of the American Republics, together with the Kings of Spain and Italy and the Emperor of Brazil. Four hundred years have made a change on sea as well as land, but such is the accelerating progress of the world that the next one hundred years will probably witness greater changes than in all the interval since America was dis covered. _ Helena is moving right ahead to the front, the position to which destiny has as signed the city in the progress of the North west. Its hundreds of buildings of all kinds projected in a single year attest its solidity and a growth as healthful as it is phe nominal. The city is one of the great bul warks of Montana, aud no man of générons instincts within our broad bounds but is moved to exclaim, "Hail, all bail Helena! the metropolis of Montana!" It is reported that there is danger that the discovery of the process by which the new metal, aluminum, was manufactured from clay has been lost in the sudden death of the inventor without having ever im parted his secret to any other person. We can hardly credit this story. In the case of Keeley, of motor fame, the danger is of another kind—that he will die before he ever becomes acquainted himself with his pretended discovery. Since the union ot the two wings of the Republican party in Virginia there is a growing confidence tba; the Republicans will carry the State. Several rM Confeder ates are named for prominent places oe the Republican ticket. In fact, the Democratic issue of free trade has disgusted and driven away to many Democrats that the only doubt or fear of failure arises from the uncertainty of the two wings working in harmony. The Butte Mining Journal, edited by W J. Penrose, printed an extra yesterday de riding the Baue mass meeting and cham pioning the cause ot Anaconda for the c api tal. Thought to he I ascott. Laredo, Texas, August 7.—A man has been arrested here who is thought to be Tascott, the murderer ot Snell, of Chicago. Hood's Sarsaparilla Iscorefu ly prepar d from Sarsaparilla, D»nde llcn, Mandrake, Dock, Pipstssewa, Juniper Ber ries, and other well known and valuable vege table remedies, by a peculiar combination, pro portion and process, giving to Hood's Sarsaparilla curative powers not possessed by ot er edicines. It effects remarkable cures where others fail. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is the best blood purifier before the public. It eradicates every impurity, and eu es Scrofula. Salt Rheum, Boils, Pimples, all Humors. Dyspep sia, Biliousness, Sick Headache, Indigestion, General Debility, Catarrh, Rheumatism, Kidney and Liver complain j, overcomes that tired feel ing, creates an appetite, and build« up the •; stem. Hood's Sarsaparilla Has "a good name at home.'' Such ha* become Its popularity In Lo«ell, Mass., where it s made, that whole neighborhoods are taking it at the same time. Lowell druggists say the> sell more of Hood's Sarsaparilla than all other sureapa rillas or blood purifiers. The same auceesa 1« extending all over the country, aa its real merit becomes known Hood's Sarsaparilla Is pecu iar in the confidence It gains among all claases of people. Where it U once used It be comes a favorite remedy, and is often adopted as the standard medicine. Do not be induced to buy other preparations. Be sure to get Hood'«. Hood's Sarsaparilia Is peculiar in its strength and economy. ItooaU the consommer less than any other medicine, because of its greater concentrated strength, and the quaRtl y in each bottle, and b«cauae it is the only preparation of which can truly be said "1#* Doses One Dollar." JHood'a Naraapwrllla is sold by all drug gists. $1; six for 35. Prepared only by C. I. HOOD & Co., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mass. IOO Doses One Dollar.