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FISK BROS. Publishers. S. E. FISK, Editor THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1889. Republican State Convention. A Republican State Convention will be held at the city of Anaconda, on Thursday at 12 o'clock noon, August 22d, IS'fJ It will be the duty of the Convention to nominate a candidate for Rep lesentative in Congress, candidates for Gover nor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer, State Auditor, Attorney Gen eral. Superintendent of Public Instruction, three Justices of the Supreme Court, and such other officers as may be provided for by law; and to transact sue . other business as, in the judgment of the Con ventlon, appertains to the welfare of the Republican party in Montana. The several counties will be entitled to repre sentation as follows: Counties. No. of Delegates Beaverhead .................................................... Choteau.......................................................... Cascade........................................................... Custer............................................................. Dawson......................................................... Deer Lodge...................................................... 29 Fergus..................................... » ................... Gallatin.......................................................... Jefferson........................................................... 1 Lewis and Clarke........................................... Mad son.......................................................... Meagher......................................................... Missoula........................................................... 19 I'ark................................................................. 1 ( * Silver Bow....................................................... 39 Yellowstone...................................................- 5 Total.......................................................200 The Republican County Committees of the severa' counties will procead to call County Conventions in their respective counties, an 1 elect Delegates an 1 Alternate Delegates to the State Convention, as above designated. It is desired that ample notice be given for the several County Conventions. The following rules have bean adopted for the government of Republican State Conventions In the State of Montana: 1 Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be elected in the future to State Conventions, and in the event of a failure of a Delegate to attend the Alternate Delegate shall cast the vote of the Delegate whose alternate he is. 2 In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter nate. a majority of the delegation from that county ehall cast the vote of tne absentee. 4 In the absence of all the Delegates and Al ternate Delegates from any county, no vote shall be cast for such county. 4 In the county in which the State Conven tion shall bs held, when any Delegate and his Alternate Delegate are absent, there shall be no vote cast in their behalf. 5 Delegates and Alternate Delegates must be Republican residents of the county which they represent. By order of the Repub ican Teriitorial Central Committee. L H. HERSHFIELD, Chairman. E. D. Weed, Secretary. The flow of our smaller streams and of many rivers, of considerable size ordinarily, is almost as uncertain and unreliable as the rainfall. The only sure source of supply is to reservoir the surplus in flood times. Back of the question of getting onr canals built, lies the matter of filling them when the rain ceases, the snows are melted in the mountain* and the spriDg water courses cease to flow. Sullivan talks and acts very decently abont returning and answering for the breach of the laws of Missitsippi. His sab mission to the law and its penalties will attract to him some sympathy from those who abominate prize fightiDg. We apprehend one ot the greatest dan gers from a constitutional requirement of a majority of all members elected, for the passage of a bill, would be that it would give power to a factions combination in certain cases to defeat all legislation. A dispatch from Bismarck to the Min neapolis Tribune , of July 28, says the con gressional appropriation is exhausted and the members have been notified according ly. It is estimated t hat the expenses wi.l be fully $40,000. Either congress will have to cover the deficiency or the State legisla ture, or the members stand the loss. The members, however, may be sure that they will be reimbursed if they 6tay long enough to finish np a good constitution. Dispatches from Idaho say that private speculators are following the government surveyors who are locating sites for reser voirs and making locations and claiming water rights for the purpose of monopoliz ing such places and laying foundations for claims for damage. Gov. Shonp has tele graphed the Secretary of the Interior to in terpose il possible and prevent the threat ened mischief. We shall probably witness the same thing here in Montana and it would be well if our convention can devise some legal coarse to forever pat a stop to this sort of speculating on public necessi ties. We are very carious to see what action onr convention will take upon Gen. War ren's proposition to memorialize the Presi dent in relation to the duties on Mexican lead ores. It is not specially in the line of business for which a constitutional conven tion is intended, and, farther, it might prove embarrassing to the majority as com mitting them to a policy so different from that pursned by the late administration, and that embodied in the Mills bill, which proposed a large redaction in daties on lead. The mining interest in onr conven tion is a very large one, and their interests very clearly and strongly would lead them to support Gen. Warren's proposition. Con sidering its possible bearing on the fntnre election we predict that there will be dodging. Bat whether the democrats vote it down or dodge it, the record will be in spected by intereeted voters who will draw their own conclusions. It is oar opinion that Windom has de cided to enforce the duty on Mexican lead ores, bat is delaying the announcement and enforcement to allow thoee whose in terests will be so greatly affected to get ont in better shape and make other arrange ments. The news that comee of the cloe ing of some Mexican mines is not compre hensible on any other theory than that they expect an adverse decision. Some of onr peop'e are impatient at Windom's de lay, bat after all some measure of consider ation is dne to those who have made large investments even on the strength of an erroneous ruling. It is not good policy to precipitate any, even a small class of citi zens in a large active business, into sadden rain, dragging down others in their If thow affected were outsiders and \ aliens alone, it wonld not matter so mach, bat the owners of these Mexican mines,* the shippers and smelters are chieliy onr own citicens. If the demolition of a shaky wall is ordered there should be time to sound the alarm, "Get from ander." A LOST OPPORTUNITY. Oar convention yesterday passed the article on education with very little dis cussion and with scarcely a change from the report of the committee. On the whole it is an excellent article, bnt the conven tion in onr judgment lest an opportunity where they could have saved millions to the school fund of Montana by failing to provide that these lands should never be sold. Though disappointed we are not surprised at the result. .Every State in the county has sold its school lands and why should not Mcntana? It would not be difficult to show to any disinterested per son that these school lands have been sold for very little of their present average value, and this value is still enhancing and will continue to do so as long as the couu try continues to increase in power and wealth. Bat the money or fund derived from these lands never can increase. In great part it has been lost by poor invest ment, and when most securely invested the rates of interest have decreased, and in the fntnre are certain to decrease still more. A redaction of one-half in the rate of interest is in its practical effects the same as losing one-half of the school fund. The lessons of experience have been de liberately thrown away and the coarse that is certain to fritter away the fund has been preferred. If we realize more Irani the school land given to as than other St flea it will not be due at all to our own pru dence, but solely to the wise piovision of Congress that these lands shall not be sold for less than $10 an acre. Tne article as adopted contains proper provision that this fund "shall forever re main inviolate, guaranteed by the State against loss or diversion," and yet the first move proposed is to prefer a course that is certain to result in loss or diversion. If the lands are retained that guarantee is made effectual and in no other way is it possible. By the course preferred, these words of the article become a broken prom ise from the start. What has been done elsewhere will be repeated in Montana so far as the restrictions of Congress will per mit. Those who want to make private gain from the purchase of the school lands are namerous, active, alert, specious, while those who are to guard the fund are ap parently few and easily diverted. The Legislature will be besieged and impor tuned to authorize the sale of a portion of these lands and the whole thing will very likely, as elsewhere, be managed in the in terest of those who want to bay them as cheap as possible. The lands first sold will be those that ought to be preserved, the very ones that are most likely to enhance in vaine. Those that won't be sold are those that can't be sold. These, of coarse, will have to be leased in order to realize anything for the benefit of the schools. We shall be obliged ta provide all the methods and machinery for a vast lea !e-hold system just as mach as if we retained all the lands. How mach better, simpler, safer and easier to have but one system by which the whole conld be treated alike. We shall have to ask Congress for a modi fication of that condition that these lands can only be leased for a term of five years. This was an nowise and unfortunate pro vision and furnished a fair pretext for re fusing to retain the lands. There can be no donbt that Congress will readily repeal this provision when it is represented that none will rent and make substantial im provements on so short a lease. How amenable and unreasonable to sap pose that the State, the representative of all the people, will ever become a grinding and grasping landlord ! Yet this was given as a reason for the State sacrificing its lands just as soon as the restriction of Con gress wonld permit. It is no time to be trying experiments, it was said. The experiment, we should think, had been abundantly tried already. The experiment of waste and folly has been tried all over the country and we re fuse to try an experiment of wisdom. The State of Illinois has made more out of its school lands than any other. It has a fand of over ten millions. It tried the experi ment of reserving four blocks oat of a sec tion of Bchoal land that fell within the limits of the city of Chicago, and those four blocke are worth more to-day than all the fand derived from the sale of the entire residue of the grant. Bnt it was argued that it was our busi ness to look oat for the present and let fa tare generations look oat for themselves. That is not the proper spirit in which to enter upon a sacred trust. The gratitude of fntnre generations is certainly a worthier object of ambition than the transient ap planse of those who are clamoring to de spoil fntnre generations withoat benefittiDg the present. If the lands are converted into money, that money cannot be nsed for the present snpport of schools. It mast be invested again in some way to retarn in* terest, and this retarn can never in any event equal the income from rentals of the lands that would be sold. It is merely sacrificing the fntnre withoat any gain for the present, except to those who wonld make priva'e gain at the expense of the public school fand. It is possible that the legislatures of Montana will look deeper into this question than the convention and reach wiser con clnsions, bat we experience hardly each a hope. The sacrifice has been ordered and the victim is ready. ! i The Anacoda Review flings grammar to the dogs and "goes in" for the capital after this style : "Anaconda's claims to the dis traction have been so often reiterated in these columns that it is idle to repeat them here. Onr citizens are a unit on this ques tion. Them and onr able delegatee in the convention have been united in their efforts to impress the importance and advantages of this city on the assembled wisdom of the Territory." The Herald rises to remark that con trary to all advices and expectations the new management over the way squints at free trade and low wages. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. IRRIGATING CANALS. The dieenssion in our convention over the question of taxing investments in irri gating canals has bronght oat very clearly the fact that the subject is little under stood, and the difficulty of legislating or controling legislation upon subjects, before it is known in what shape those snhjects will prêtent themselves. If the national government or the state government or the counties or other public corporations, or corporations formed by certain land dis tricts, and open to include on equal terms the owner of any land within the district, construct the reservoirs and irrigating canals, they ought not to be taxed at all. In these cases the water is bnt an incident to the land, and it is enough to tax the irad. Bnt if private corporations construct snch reser voirs and canals as an investment for pri vate gain, there is no good reason why they shoald not pay taxes on their property like other property owners. It may be said in their behalf that such investments are of snch public benefit that they onght to encouraged by exemption, and if they are taxed the result will be that these taxes will be included in the charges to the con sumers. In a country that depends for its general settlement and cultivation upon irrigation either one or the other of these two condi tions will be trne, the land will own the water or the water will owe the land. When it comes to a choice between these two alternatives, we think there will be little hesitation in deciding which is most desirable. The land should own the water. If it was owned by the National or State government or other public corporation, and avail »hie to all on equal terms, it would, virtually, be the same thing as the land owing the water. And it woald be the same if land districts were incorporated so that all the land that would be covered and benefittad by the water conld be ad mitted on equal terms to participate in the water supplv. We hold that it is clearly the best policy not to encourage the establishment 'of pri vate companies interested in the ownership and supply of water. They are not to be encouraged by any exceptions, nor shoald they be allowed to exist, except with the reservation that their rights and property could be taken for public use on a fair ap praisement ot cost and vaine. The allowance of private corporations to monopolize and control the water supply will delay the attainment of the more de sirable end of creating a public supply. Water, next to air, should never be allowed to become the object of private monopoly. It falls from heaven as the gift common to all, and as near as possible shoald be ac cessible and available for all on fair and equal terms Its vaine lies chiefly in its active and general circulation being ik in creased and sustained. The necessity of the control of the water being retained by the public be comes evident from many considerations. No private corporations or com panies can be allowed to divert the whole volume of the water in its natural courses so as to cut off those lo cated below. The amount that may be diverted should be clearly under the con trol of the State. Bat further, the present season has made it evident that we have to look beyond the natural flow of onr water conrses or the sapply will utterly fail at the critical time when it is most needed. Rivers of considerable sise sometime! go dry and all the canals in the world will not obviate it, bnt by their multitude might so scatter it in insufficient quan tities as to do no ods any good. It is necessary to construct large storage reser voirs to maintain an eqnable and sure flow of wa'er in its natural channels when most needed. The waters thus stored and let to flow forth into the natural channels in times of searcity and drouth shoald not be allowed to be seized upon at once by pri vate or corporate owners of irrigating canals and sold to private consumers at starvation rates. The waters reservoired by the nation or state for public nse in times of scarcity mast never be made liable to become private plunder or merchandise. The sapply and distribution mast be in the same hands and as near poblic as pos sible, at least open to all on eqnal terms. Some say that the national government will never do anything in the matter. In reply we say it that is doing something, and with senators and representatives from States in the arid region we can be sme that it will do vastly more. It is making surveys for reservoirs and will make grants and reservations to any extent re quired for this purpose. How much farther it will go, we can't say, bnt of this we are certain, that if the nation does not carry oat the irrigation system in detail the State mast do it, either directly or indi rectly. _ The Boston mayor announces the receipt of a message purporting to come from the mayor and council of the city of Tacoma, asking him to send ont all the marriage able yonng women that can be spared to become wives for the thousands of yonng, able-bodied and industrious men "who are pining for partners." This is decidedly new business for mayors and city councils, and is probably a hoax. Sensible yonng women of Massachusetts will hardly ac cept snch an indefinite engagement. If these yonng ladies are wanted so mach and are esteemed each prizes the able-bodied young men of Washington had better go down and escort them ont there. Prizes are not running around the country, pay ing their own expenses, simply to find takers. If the people of Washington would send to New England for abont five hundred first class school mar ms and guar antee them fair salaries, they would get their order filled with little delay and might indirectly provide wives for those 1 able-bodied, industrious yonng men." Lyman Is His Name. Washington, August 1.—A. W. Lyman who for several years has had charge of the Washington bureau of the New York Sun has purchased a controlling interest in the Helena Independent and took possession to day. It would be well for those framing onr constitution to think a second time before committing the State of Montana irrevo cably to the principle that each county shall have one senator. We have few connties now and the system wonld not appear to be disproportionate. Bat the fact that the county is to be the unit of lo cal government will require a large multi plication of connties at some time in the future. Kentucky, with less then one-third our area, has 117 connties. It is not at all be yond reasonable expectation that Montana will at no distant day have 100 counties; then they would average more than three times the size of counties in the older states. If each of these counties were to have a senator it wonld make an nnwieldly body and to keep the house in proportion would require a body of from 200 to 300 members. Of course if we were confronted with such a provision it wonld operate against the sab division of connties. While snch a pro vision might operate to the advantage of Dawson county to day, it would he certain to operate to its disad vantage hereafter. Snch a county covering four degrees of longitude and more than two of latitude, larger by consider able than the whole State of Massachu setts, is some time going to have a popula tion proportioned to this area When that time comes the people wonld feel the dis advantage of such a constitutional pro vision more than any other. It would prevent the subdivision of the county or give it very inadeqaate representation. The States have equal representation in the Senate because they were independent sovereignties at the time,and in many mat ters retained their equality in this respect. For a present arrangement it wonld not be unwise or unfair to consider something be sides present population and give connties of such vast area as Dawson and Choteau a larger representation in one branch of the legislature, but it wonld be unwise to in corporate snch an arrangement into the constitution. When the great eastern tide of population now overspreading Dakota strikes Montana, which cannot be very distant, the counties of Dawson and Cho teau are certain to feel its effects first. The new editor of the Independent makes his bow to the Montana public and vindicates his democracy by the rather amusing and dabioas compliment to Cleve land "as the best ex-president of the United States in more than a quarter of a cen tury." We are ready to concede that Cleveland as an ex-president is a vast im provement on Cleveland as president. No body bat a stranger to Montana, and hard ly any stranger except from New York city, would have the suraDce to extol or even defend the policy of Grover Cleve land before a Montana pnblic. The people of Montana have not forgotten that Grover Cleveland, even before he took his seat as President, declared in favor of the immediate and complete suspension of the coinage of silver and impudently tried to bulldoze his party into that policy. He has never indicated any change of convic tion and sentiment on that subject. As onr silver interest is our greatest one, there is no public man in the country that the people have less regard and use for than Grover Cleveland. With equal distinct ness oar people remember Cleve land's message in favor of free wool. As the wool industry is a very prominent one in Montana, the wool growers have pretty solid and sub stantial reasons to congratulate themselves that Cleveland is an ex President rather than President, and they would vote unan imously to keep him in his present posi tion. And onr people very generally recall with an aroma of profanity the memory of the land policy of one Sparks, who repre sented Cleveland in harrying onr settlers, patting them to needless expense, villify ing them as frands, and who preferred that timber shoald be consamed by forest fires rather than be nsed for building houses or for timbering mines or for railroad ties. We can hardly blame any one threat ened with destruction of immense loss of property and to some extent loss of life for calling for help loDg and load from any quarter, and yet Gov. Shoop's call on the general government for aid in extinguish ing the Idaho timber fires cannot rationally be expected to meet a favorable response or afford any adequate relief The fires are so extensive that a hundred thousand men could hardly make an impression. The allowance of $500 is only a drop in the bncket, when a whole bncketfal woald do bat little good. It is trae the title to the timber that is being destroyed is in the government and it amonnts to million 9 , bat the government woald not realize this vaine. The real loss falls upon the inhabit ants of the country, incloding the burning districts. The only effectual relief can come from a heavy rain. When that will come the Lord only knows. FLOOD WATERS. Another Deluge in Pennsylvania. Ppiladelphia, August 1.—The water in the Schnykill river yesterday attained the highest point reached in this city for twenty years, involving a destruction of property which is estimated from $10,000 to $20,000. The park drives were sub merged and the boat houses flooded. Some of the streets near the river banks are under water to the depth of between four and live feet. The cellars of two of the paper mills and aboat a dozen honsee are flooded. All the work at the Mansynnk and the Pencoyd iron works was stopped owing to the encroachment of the waters. Throughout the eastern section of the State the rain fall has been very hea^y. Many houses and mills along the Brandy wine Creek in the vicinity of Westchester and Downington were flooded and busi ness was seriously interrupted. At Williamsport the bridges over the Snsqnehanna river bad to be ballasted with heavily laden coal cars. A large sec tion of the Schnykill valley in the vicinity of Morristown and Coshocken is almost entirely ander water. Considerable damage was done bnt no lives are reported lost in the State. Reports received to-day are to the effect that the water in nearly all the larger streams is subsiding. THE PILGRIM FATHERS. Dedication To-Day of the Great Fore fathers Monument at Plymouth. The Whole Country and Many Promi nent Men Unite in the Celebration. Description of the Monument, the ercises and the Speakers. Ex Boston, August 1.— [Special.] — The lofty monument which crowns one of the highest hills in the historic town of Ply mouth, erected to commemorate ihe land ing of the Pilgrims, was dedicated to-day with imposing and elaborate ceremonies. The citizens.not only of this historic town, hot in fact of the whole conntry, united in making the occasion the prondest in the history of the old colony. Arches were erected in the principal streets where the hardy pilgrims were wont to gather, and the many historic spots around the town were marked with appropriate decorations. Every "colony" family bronght forth from their resting places the Mayflower memen to r that have been handed down from gen eration to generation, and consequently the display was both unique an! deeply interesting. The city was crowded with visitors from all parts of the country, among them being several members of President Harrison's cabinet, prominent lawyers of New England and New York, as well as the more distinguished public officials of the Eastern States. Ms V Bia 1 is IS —i Hrfwi'bäi The Monument. The cornerstone of the monament was laid on August 12, 1859. The monument is situated on one of the highes: hills in Plymoath, abont northwest of the rock on which the Pilgrims landed and west of the anchorage of the Mayflower. As it now stands completed it cost abont two hundred thousand dollars. It is of solid Hallo well granite throughont and consists of an octa gonal pedestal forty five feet high, upon the center of which stands the figure of "Faith." The figure is thirty-six feet high and rests with one foot on Plymoath Rock, holding in her left band the open Bible while the right arm, uplifted, poin's heavenward to emphasize the meaning. The pedestal has four large and four small faces Upon the larger are tablets bearing the names of the founders of the colony and historic facts in connection therewith, while from the smaller faces project four buttresses or wing pedestals. Upon each of these is seated a figure in heroic size, representing with the figure of "Faith" the principles of the founders. These are "Morality," "Edu cation," "Freedom," aud "Law." On the face of the pedestals at their feet are alto relief tablets representing "The Embark ment of Delf Haven," "The Signing of the Social Compact in the Cabin of the May flower," "The Landing at Plymoath," and "The Treaty with the Indians." The sides of the wing pedestals have tablets carrying oat the ideas of the figures above. Mr. Hammatt Billings, a Boston architect, de signed the monument, which was started in 1853, and aftar his death in 1874 his brother Joseph carried it on. The follow ing is the inscription on the main shaft: "National Monument to the Forefathers, erected by a grateful people, in remem brance of their labors, sacrifices, and snffer iegs for the canse of civil and religions lib erty." erty." The exercises at the monument were conducted ander the direction of the Grand Masonic Lodge of Massachusetts, assisted by eight commanderies. The Hon. W. C. P. Breckenridge delivered the ora tion and John Boyle O'Reilly, of Boston read a poem which he composed especially for the occasion. The recon-trncted South erner and the brilliant Irish-American were selected for theee two important places, not only becanae of their abilities, bnt to show the broad and national char acter ot the movement. Among the other speakers were ex Governor Long, Con gressmen Dodge, Gremhalge and Davis, Wm. M. Evarts, Joseph H. Chester, Chann cey M. Depew, Gov. Amee, and Dr. Samnel Eliot To-night there will be a banquet, a ball, and pyrotechnic display. At the close of the dedicatory services, which occupied from 9 to 11 o'clock, a pro cession which included the Governor and a large military escort, the Grand Army of the Republic, the Masons, Odd Fellows and members of the Pilgrim society, and marched through the town. At one o'clock dinner was served in the hall of the Pil grim society and there the literary exer cises took place. The pedestal and its tablets are the re salt of contributions from all over the country. The figure of "Faith" was the gift of Gov. Oliver Ames and it cost abont $32,000. Toward the figure of "Morality" the State of Massachusetts contributed $10,000 and for the accompanying alto relief the State of Connecticut $3,000. The figure of "Education" was the gift of Robert Mather and the legal profession gave the figure "Law." The Orator ol the Day. x - 5s? '/>, // . .TV m n \lü m. ■ HI 4$^ v-v;/V. William Campbell Preston Breck inridge, a reconstructed Southerner, ora tor of the day on the occasion of the dedi cation of the monument in memory of the passengers by the Mayflower, is a Ken tuckian of Scotch descent. The first of his family in America was a Covenanter, who fled to America on the restoration of the Stnarts. Mr. Breckinridge is a cousin of Gen. John C. Breckinridge. He was born in Baltimore in 1837, where his father was a Presbyterian clergyman for thirteen years; but he was educated in Kentucky, and for a time was professor of Equity Jurisprudence at Cumberland College. He was elected to Congress in 1886 without objection, and continues to represent the seventh district, Kentucky. Mr. Breckin ridge is a fine looking mao, with snow white hair and beard. He is regarded as ODe of the most brilliant orators on the Democratic side. His father presided over the convention that re nominated Lincoln in 1864, and was intensely loyal all through the war. Poet of the Dedication. IMF m John Boyle O'Reilly, of Boston, was bom at Dowth Castle, Meath connty, Ire land, in 1844. He received a good educa tion from his father, and early in life learned type-setting at Drogheda. After serving some time as a stenographer in England, he returned to his native land, where he assisted the Fenian movement, then active. He enlisted in a cavalry regi ment of the British army, and before loDg was condemned to be shot for treason. His sentence was commuted to twenty years banishment in Australia. He arrived in Western Australia in 1868. A year after his imprisonment began he gave his over seers the slip and after several weekB had elapsed from the time of his escape, was picked np in an open boat at sea by an American ship of New Bedford. He landed at Philadelphia in 1869. Finding employ ment at Boston he made his residence in that city. In 1876 he secured an interest in the Pilot, a newspaper with which he has been connected from the beginning of his work in America. He has written mnch good poetry, and is a successful edi tor. OLD AND NEW. A Grand Amphitheatre on Madison Square. New York, August 2.—[Special.]—The work of demolishing Madison Square Gar den is in progress. On the site of the fa mous Garden will be erected the much talked of Amusement Temple, which will cost $1,500,000, and it is expected that it will be completed by next April in time for some spring amnsement attraction. The bnilding is to be a combination of a trage amphitheatre and a beantifuly hall that can be need for concerts and other pnrposes. The amphitheatre is to be a monster enclosure, 315 feet long and 200 feet wide, capable of seating 12,000 per sons. It will have an arched roof of glass. It will have a track a tenth of a mile long with a permanent seating capacity of 6.0C0 including 150 private boxes. When the centre is floored over the hippodrome can be transformed into a huge convention hall with a seating capacity of 12,000. The amphitheatre will be so arranged acous tically that it will be available for great concerts, or it can be changed readily into a fine summer garden. Horae shows and circuses can be held in the basement. The concert hall adjoining the amphitheatre will be 110 feet long by 130 feet wide, with a seating capacity of 3,000 The estimated cost of the structure, incloding decorations and the land, is $3,000,000 Among the stockholders are the well known capital ists, J. Pierpont Morgan, D. O. Mills, Cbas. Crocker, H. H. Hollister, John L. Cad wallader and Victor Newcombe. IDAHO FOREST FIRES. Governor Shonp Calls for More Gov* ernment Help. Washington, August 2.—Acting Land Commissioner Stone has received the fol lowing telegram from Governor Shonp, of Idaho Territory, dated Boise City. August 2d : "The $500 authorised last Wednesday by Secretary Noble is inadeqaate to sup press the forest fires which are raging in several counties. Millions of feet of tim ber and a large amount of private property have been destroyed. A telegram from Ketchnm, Idaho, says that place is sur rounded by fire and that fifty men have been fighting it for the last forty-eight honre. Can yon assist ns?" In response to this appeal the Secretary anthorized the expenditure of an additional $500. The Lead Duty Being Enforced. City of Mexico, August 2.—The lead mines in Nneveo Leon are shotting down owing to the imposition by the United States Government of duties on lead ores. Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. THE CLEGG CASE. An Illustration of Clevelnnd's Land Policy Imposed Upon Montana by Sparks. [New York Tribune Corresponi nee.] The miners and settlers, Mr. Blaine held who were out here at the peril of their lives reducing the wilderness and adding wealth to the nation, ought to be helped iu every possible way and not harrassed by such silly annoyances. He showed that the United States surveys and maps pre pared by skilled surveyors and engineers who had studied the country, classified all mountainous regions in the far West as mineral land. Mineral land, said Mr. Blaine, is land that is more valuable for mining than for agricultural purposes. This is without question the trne view to take. The mountains are rocky and rugged, and of no value whatever save for the minerals they contain and the timber upon them. The best use to which the timber can be put is in getting the min erals ont. Law and reason both support and justify the demand of the miners and settlers that tney be permitted to take the timber as they need it, and Mr. Blaine se cured the passage of an amendment to the Interior department's appropriation bill providing that none of the money granted should be nsed to prosecute actions based on the cutting of timber by actual settlers. This action threw Mr. Schurz upon the side track, as it were, and furnished him convincing proof of Mr. Blaine's desperate wicked ess. But when Sparks started again npon the same petty policy, Mr. Blaine was in private life and he had a fiee rein. Spies were sent out to prowl around the monutains for evidence against all persons who had cut a stick ot wood except upon their own claims, and hun dreds of suits were brought against poor fellows whom a lawyer's fee would have beggared. A single one of these cases vill illustrate them all. A man named Cie^g, who had been a farm laborer in Illinois, having saved about $50, came out into this country with his wife and children and started a little farm under the shadow of the Big Horn mountains. The country around him was an utter wilderness, the abomination of desolation spoken of by the Prophet. His nearest neighbor was twenty-five miles away. The nearest law yer was ninety miles away, bnt Indians and mountain lions, wolves and bears he had ever with him. So far as his untutored mind knew, he was doing a laudable act. He thought he was carrying the banner of his country into the forbidden wilderness and makiDg tha wild places tame, saying, with Tennyson, "More life and fuller, that I want." He saw for 10,000 feet above him and for 300 miles aronnd him nothing but pine trees and stones. He took a few of the rocks and a few of the trees from the mountain slopes and bnilt him t. cabin and a stable, a place to hold his grain and roots. Well, one fine morning a sprr.ee young fellow, with a long cigar, came by on horse back and stopped, as he said, lor a rest. Mr. Clegg and Mrs. Clegg and all the little Cleggs, overjoy ed at the sight of a white face, bade him come in, cooked for him a dinner, spread for him their whitest Bheets and gave him welcome. He asked many questions, and pressed Clegg particularly to know where he got the timber to bnild his cabin and bis little outhouses with. Clegg told him, of conree. Why not? Whereupon the spruce young man, sudden ly becoming awful, informed Mr. Clegg that he was a desperate thief, that he had robbed the poor Government, of whose aveDging power he, the spruce young man, was the mighty and terrible impersonation. Mr. Clegg was thoroughly frightened, and Mrs. Clegg and the little Cleggs began to cry. They implored the spruce yonng man, in whom the offended majesty of the United States was voiced, to forgive them. They said they didn't know it was wicked to cut two or three out often million trees. He said he wonld take down their state ment in writing and see what he could do for them. They said they couldn't write, bat the young man was a gifted yonng man and he conld. He pat it all down in his own words, That I, John Clegg, had feloniously taken from the non mineral lands of the United States so many feet of timber, and then he told Clegg he was a notary, and bade him swear to the affidavit. So Mrs. Clegg bronght in the family Bible, and Clegg tremblingly made oath to what the clerkly young man had written. In the conree of time the United States Government made Clegg defendant in a sait for damages, and dragged him ninety miles from his mountain home be fore an aveDging court. Heaven only knows how often he had to make the journey, or what solicitude and tears wit nessed his goings and comings. But when at last it came to trial and bis lawyer, hav ing bad him swear to a statement claiming that the mountain slopes from which he took the timber were mineral lands, and therefore open to the settler's axe, put that statement in evidence, up jumps the sar donic young man with Clegg's former affidavit, the one his own deft fiogere had constrncted, and proves poor Clegg mt only an atrocious robber, bat a barefaced perjurer! Of conree, that was all the good it did him, for the jury's verdict in this, as in every other case Sparks and bis follow ers had the nerve to bring to trial, was a disdainful rebake to the Government. The incident I have narrated, which was one of hundreds, serves to throw light upon the wonderfnl change that took place in pnblic sentiment in Montana during *he four years of Democratic ascendancy. It helps to explain the majority of 5,126 by which Mr. Carter was swept into Congress. S I OLEN MONEY. Embezzlement of a Wheeling Hank Teller. Wheeling, W. Va , August 2 —Harry Seybold, teller of the Bank of Wheeling, who with George Henning, an other employe, was arrested last night charged with embezzlement of the funds of the bank, made a fall confession this morn ing. He exonerated Henning. He took the money on the tenth of last May. The package contained $24,001 in cash and wus removed from the vault to Seybold's home. There he kept it until Jane 6th, when be deposited $12,000 in varions banke to the joint credit of himself and Henning, telling all who asked abont it that they won the money in the Louisiana lottery. To Hen ning he said he borrowed the money and intended to bay a gold mine with it Abont $13,000 of the money bas been re covered and property to about $14,000 bas been attached, so the bank is amply pro tected. RIOT AND BLOODSHED. Italian Railroad Haade Become Mob. PlTTSBUEG, August 2.—Five hundred Italians employed by the Pittsburg, Lake Erie & Western railroad, neer Beaver, strack yesterday for an increase of wages. Late last night a téléphona message from Beaver was received stati tg a riot occurred during which one Cootioello was killed and two other Italians fatally injured. An other was shot in the leg sod several others badly beaten. After the fight Dearly all the strikers went up the railroad for the purpose of obstructing tha track to prevent trains from running.