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FIVE STORY BLOCKS.
Four Magnificent Structures Ap proaching Completion in Helena. The building record for this year in Helena will he a proud one,* and when the books ate closed next December they will show an achievement in the building line that a city of fifty thousand people might envy. Just stand ou the corner of Broad way and Main street and look around at the handsome structures now nearing com pletion in the business part of the city. It is a sight that must gladden the heart of every true son of Helena and every Iriend of substantial progress. The first new buidtng that strikes the eye is the hand some pile known as the Merchants National Bank building.. For solidity, beauty and convenience it would be hard to find the superior of this noble structure i i any of the metropolitan centers. St indtng on the corner ot Main and Ed wards streets it is tiulv an imposing sight, with its front and side elevations of pressed brick with granite, marble and terra cotta trimmings, towering up to the filth story and surmounted by a cupola and root that set off the superstructure to great advan tage. Its massive doorways topped with graüite arches resting on columns of pol ished marble; its great windows capped and silled with enduring slabs chiseled from Montana's famous granite quarries ; its noble proportions presenting a combination ot strength and elegance wonderful to be hold; its courses and medallions of beauti fully designed terra cotta; its grtat height, w idth and leogtb; its solid brick partitions and its commodious rooms—all combined make it a structure that challenges the admiration of all who enjoy the pertection of modern architecture. It will soon be completed and dedicated to the Uses for which it was intended. Hershfield Bros pud E. W. Toole are its owners. The for mer will have their bank in the corner rooms on the first floor, and the latter will occupy elegant offices on the second. The The large room next the Grand Central on the first floor will be rented for store pur poses, while the upper floors will be de voted to office uses. When the bank takes formal posset-sion of its new quarters an appropriate celebration of the event will be held. THE HOTEL HELENA. A block removed from Main street and commandingly situated on the slope of Grand street stands the nearly finished Hotel Helena, a five and six-story brick building that would bi an ornament to any city. This is the latest building enterprise of' Dr. C. K Cole and Mr. W. Y. Simonton, who are generously in vesting their means to give Helena a hotel building that she may be proud of. Plastering and inside finishing are now in progress and by the 15th of December the building will be ready for occupant/. It is truly a giant of architecture. With a wide front the hotel rises to the height of six tall stories from the surface of Grand street and presents a face of pressed brick work, ornamented with terra cotta, that commands general admiration. It runs clear back to Fifth avenue, 107 feet, and contains no less than 150 spacious rooms. The interior arrangement is a marvel of convenience and all modern improvements are availed of to complete its matchless equipments—elevators, steam heat, gas and electric lights. The hotel is to be man aged by Mr. Willey, a noted hotel man of Chioago. The office, billiard room, and dining hall are on the first floor and the parlors on the second; all the rest of the building will be devoted to sleeping apart ments or suites of rooms for family uses. The cost of this structure complete will be about $100,000. THE BAILEY BLOCK. The handsome front of the new Bailey block, on Main street between Grand and Sixth avenue, now ornaments our main thoroughfare. This building is of brick and stands five stories high above the basement. The front is of pressed brick and Utah red sandstone, which makes a handsome combination. The main en trance is a large doorway arched with the rough cut sandstone, the arch resting upon pillars of polished red granite from the quarries of Minnesota. The handsome ex terior is only an evidence of the architec tural beauties within. The main stairway ascends in the center of the building, the flights being broken by double landings on each floor. This stair case forms one side of an unbroken court that extends from the skylight in the roof to the ground floor, sc that the the corridors on the fifth floor command a view of all beneath it and the sun light admitted at the roof pene trates to the basement. Around this court there is a hall on each side from which open the many fine rooms designed lor offices. Every room is well lighted, and there are closets on each floor. Much ot the interior finishing is of bard wood, which gives an air of elegance to the whole. The building is equipped with all modern conveniences, including a passen ger and freight elevator, and, what is novel in this country, a mail chute, through which letters, posted on any floor, will quickly reach the U. S. mail box in the base ment. There are three handsome store rooms on the first floor, one of which is to be occupied by Pope & O'Connor,druggists, and another by the Jarvis Conklin Trust Company. The elevator will be running next Monday and by the first of Novem ber the greater part pf the building will be ready for occupancy. THE POWEB KEEFE BLOCK. The first real six story building erects in Helena is the Power-Keefe block, corner of Main street and Sixth avenue, which is now nearing completion. The owners are T. C. Power and M.H. Keefe. It is unique in that the ma terials used in its construction are all home made. The building is of stone through out, and this stone is a species of porphyry quarried within ten miles of Helena. Asa building material it is handsome and sub stantial. The blocks are square with rough surfaces, while the trimmings show an oruamental carving and cutting that make a beautiful adornment. Around the top of the fifth story rnns a coping of smooth cut porphyry, while the divisions of the sixth floor are marked by round columrs ot the same material supporting svmmttrical arches turned in the same stone. The effect is most pleaeiog and makes the building unquestionably the handsomest stone structure in Helena, bar ring our granite court house. This block will also be used for stores and offices. NOTABLE KECONSTRUCTIONS. There are two improvements in Main street business houses worthy of notice in the transformation they have wrought. One is the addition of a second story and new frout to the Sands Bros, drv goods es tablishment. This improvement is now finished, having been conducted without interrupting the business of the firm. The old store has been taken to pieces and practically renewed, with the exception of the walls, and another story added to it. The old stone front with its small granite arches, which shut out a good share of the light, and which ri ) a ft it i\V l «'Jt pioneer dayo, !w fl il * i è ft b I » 1 ) , soon after the 1 4 ,'Ji 1 I ( ft 1 h t J « J j i , has been t*ks.j • 4 t§ l i | i> » a « è i 1 1 t and graceft* JS ** 1 1 # I i > 4 41 j J I f I » work, and Ulf it t i t I « « I » I I ft I I M cessed back from the street, are filled with the finest of plate glass, in two large sheets. The transoms above are filled with stained glass in a chaste and beautiful design, which is brilliant without being gaudy. Above the show window is a new front of modern design built of Montana stones; one a dull buff sand stone from near Great Falls, the other a beautiful blue marble from the quarries just east of this city. These are laid in alternate coursee produc ing a fine effect dependent upon the con trast, which is striking but pleasing. The interior has been remodeled, an elevator added and the whole transformed into a metropolitan dry goods establishment. Further down the street, next to John Watson's store, David Morris is metamor phosing his old building. The whole thing was torn down except the walls, and in place of the unsightly one story building of the early days, a magnificent three story structure of modern design is rapidly ris ing. The front is entirely of iron and was manufactured by the Helena Iron Works. When painted and fitted with its plate gla-s windows it will be one of the hand somest fronts in the city. The first floor store room will be occupied by I Marks, the liquor dealer, and the upper floors will be rented for business purposes. The build ing will soon be ready for occupancy. These are only a few of the notable building improvements which mark this season in Helena. A review of all parts of the city where similar work has been done this year would take more space than we can command in one edition. In fact a de tailed description of what has been men tioned is reserved until later in the year, when the completed structures will furnish columns of interesting matter for the Her ald's readers. THE DRIVEToThE VALLEY. The Most Delightful of All—Through Lower Main Street to Grand Avenue, Montana Avenue and the Wesleyan Uni versity. One of the most beautiful drives about Helena is that of Montana avenue to the new university, now nearly completed. The fact that the several railroad tracks cut off the finest drive of the city, namely the one to the valley, has been for a time a subject of regret, particularly to the ladies, but now the fear of crossing the railroad no longer exists, since the new bridges on both roads have been finished, for they are broad and eafe, being so high above the cuts that the most timid can drive without fear. Hence the most enjoyable way is to drive down lower Main street to the gas works, across the two new bridges, and then turning to the right go down Mon tana avenue, a straight, broad and beauti ful thoroughfare, the longest street in the city. The country air is pure and bracing and the road less dusty than any of the drives. A little north of the railroad the beautiful and commanding heights of Grand avenue are reached, and as one looks back over the growth of the city he realizes that this charming locality will soon be built up with costly and beauti ful homes, many of which will face Montana avenue and be right on the line of the street cars and electric motor, which will make it one of the most convenient as well as picturesque places for residences in the whole city, as the view is superb. Many already consider it the handsomest part of the city and are contemplating the erection of new homes there, as also in the Richmond Hill addition, which is imme diately north of the Grand avenue. All of this beautiful land will soon be thickly settled, for the desirable locations are fast being bought up, and it would not be a matter of surprise to see Montana avenue dotted with houses all the way down to the university within the next two years. WYOMING. The Governor's Annual Report. Washington, October 22.—The assessed valuation of all property in 1888 was $31, 431,000 against $8,570,000 in 1880. These statements, the Governor says, do not represent more than one-third of the prob able nor more than one-fourth of the actual valuation. The financial standing of Wyoming, the report states, is high. The bonds of the Territory bearing six per cent interest sold at 126 premium, and Terri torial warrants, always par, are promptly paid when presented. The Governor urges upon Congress the adoption of a more liberal policy in the matter of surveying public lands. The inability of the settler to obtain a legal right to the land selected by him for a home, it is stated, worked a three-fold injury; first to the government, which receives no pay for the land; next, to the county and Territory, which derive no benefit from it; lastly to the settler, who can obtain no title to the land and who is hazarding his improvements, which are of no value to him in a commercial sense, as he can neither sell nor mortgage them. Moreover there are tracts of unsur veyed land which are valnable for other purposes than agriculture. There are im mense oil fields and coal beds and vast forests of valuable timber yet unsurveyed. In its present unknown condition it is im possible to protect the forests against depredations of unscrupulous men, and the development of the coal and oil lands is retarded by the impossibility of survey ing them under the present restrictions. The aggregate number of acres disposed of during the last year under the public land laws, including selections by railroads, was 301,375. Upon the subject of stock-raising the Governor says: "Good profits can be made in the cattle business to-day, if properly conducted. An encouraging feat ure of the business is that stockmen are adopting better methods of management. A reasonable increase in the price of the cattle product, which is sure to come soon, will make cattle raising in Wyoming one of the most lucrative industries known anywhere under the head of legitimate pursuits. The settlement of farmers and grangers upon the agricultural lands has caused a division in the area of open coun try, but there yet remains a wide field for business conducted in an open rangeway on every large tract that can be used for grazing only for many years. While con traction of open ranges and decrease in animals handled in the old way has neces sarily lessened the cattle industry in Wyoming in the last few years, yet it is believed ultimately that stock farming or the combining of agriculture and Block raising, crops being on streams and arable lands, the live stock ranging outside and on the near ranges, will greatly increase the number of cattle, also their grade, weight, quality and profits in the Territory until there will be more cattle raised in Wyom ing than at any time in the past." New Railroad. Winnipeg, October 22 —Mr. Charlebos, director of the Great Northwest Central railway, went out to Brandon to-day to make arrangements for getting out ma terials during the winter. He says the H v p*ny is one of the strongest and Jft v It hisst on this continent, several British * it I Aud a number of English capitalists • i -y stockholders. The road will be on il • S tit through northwest of Edmonton, t v ft vp* ttwo hundred and perhaps three hundred miles will be constructed. There is also a colonization company concerned in the enterprise. CHURCH STATISTICS. A Special Field to be Covered by the Next Census. To the Editor of the Hebald:—H aving determined to include Church Statistics in the special inquiries to be made for the Eleventh Census, I wish to announce to you and, through you, to your readers, my de'.ire and purpose to obtaiu the fullest ana most accurate results possible in this special department. I need not enlarge upon the value of such results to aDy who are in any wise interested in Church work and progress and wish to know the numer ical strength of the various denominations in the United States. The inquiry will be broad enough in scope to embrace every religious body, of whatever uame or creed, however few or many its churches and members, and it will be conducted with the utmost fairness and impartiality. The information sought will be arranged under five heads : (1) Organizations or societies; (2) Church edifices; (3) Seating capacity; (4) Value of church property; (5) Commuuicants. This is as much, in my judgment, as it will be wise to undertake in this direction for the Eleventh Ceusus. In order to prosecute this plan success fully and to make the results so thorough and accurate that they cannot be im peached, the government will have to conut largely on the prompt and generous co operation of those iu each denomination who are in a position to furnish the in formation desired. This information can not be gathered by the enumerators. They are already fully burdened ; and the ap propriations available lor the census will not admit of the appointment of special enumerators for this work. It is necessary, therefore, to make church statistics a special inquiry, and they must be gathered chiefly by schedules placed in the hands of some competent person in each ot the minor ecclesiastical subdivisions ut the various churches. The conduct of this special inquiry has been committed to a gentleman whose qualifications for the work will, I am sure, be ius.antly recognized. H. K. Carroll, LL. D., editor of the Indcpendnit, of New York, has consented to assume the duties of the position. Dr. Carroll i-t uow en gaged iu preparing plans for su< h a division of the territory of each denomiuatiou as will make it comparatively tasy for those to whom his inquiries will be addressed to give a prompt and faithful response. I ask for him, and I am sure you will heartily second me, such cheerful and gen erous assistance as he may require from officers of the denomination you represent. Very respectfully, Robert P. Pobteb, Superintendent of Census. WASHIN3TON, October 15. AN OLD CEMETERY. A Quaint Epitaph —Facts About Lady Fenwick's Grave. [Extract from a Private Letter.] Here is an epitaph in the old cemetery at Saybrook:— Here lyeth tbe body of the Rev'd Mr. Azariah Mather, Born at Winds jr August 29th 1685, Expired in Saybrook, Febuary 11th 1730 Ætatis Suie 52, He was a faithful minister a Generali Scholar an eminent Christian a very great sufferer But now In glory a triumpher. He many weeks felt Death's attacks But fervent prayers kept him Back His faith and patience 'twas to try Sc Learn us how to Live and Die. Having the wings of faith and Love & Feathers of an holy Dove He bids this wretched world adiou And Swiftly up to Heavea flew Disturb not then his Precleus Dust With Censors that are most unjust. The cemetery in which I found this epitaph is down near Saybrook Point and is said to be the oldest, save one, in the State of Connecticut. It is the same one in which the "relics" of Lady Fenwick now repose. This epitaph is on slate, and most of the old ones are on that material, which seems to stand the wear and tear of time better than other materials Moss does not grow on it and tbe finest lines are clear and distinct even when more than a hundred years old. There were many curious things on the stones there, aud some of the monuments were slabs of brown stone raised on four legs called "table monu ments," and the inscriptions were on slate let into the stone and cemented. But a few yeais ago a crazy man got into the cemetery aud smashed most of the slates This Mr. Azariah Matber was the third minister established in the town of Say broook, and he held some position in the college which was then in Saybrook, I be lieve. Mrs. I- had a iock of Lady Fenwick's hair. She was present when the grave was opened and said that on the skull lay this beautiful coil of hair, but as soonasit was touched it crumbled away. However, she managed to save a little, which she keeps in a close box with a glass cover so that it can be seen without beiDg exposed to the air. Lady Fenwick's pres ent grave is near the entrance of tbe ceme tery, snrronnded by a high iron fence with sharp palings to prevent people from climb ing over. The stone is long and narrow, thicker in the middle, looking like a grave, and is raised on four legs. It is of soft brown stone and hits been a good deal broken by relic hunters. It has a cross and the name "Lady Fenwick, 1648," on one side, and on the other "Lady Fenwick. Died 1648." The whole is under two ever green trees and the spot is brown and bare, having not a blade of grase —only the dead pine needles for a covering. Complete Jury Secured. Chicago, October 22.—A complete jury was secured in the Cronin case late this afternoon. When this work had been fin ished the States attorney asked for an ad journment of two days in order to give the prosecution time to make ont the plan for the presentation of its case. The defense objected and Judge McConnell compro mised by adjourning the hearing oDtil Thursday next. The impannelling of the jory commenced August 30th aud allowing for the time occupied by the court iu the drainage commission and an adjournment asked for by the States attorney, seven weeks have been occupied in getting a jnry. Ten hundred and ninety-one venire men have been summoned, of whom 927 have been excused by tbe counsel for cause. In addition to the 1091 special venire men snmmoned, there were also twenty-four regular panels disposed of. One hundred and seventy-five peremptory challenges have been asked of which the defense has nsed 97. At the time the jnry was sworn in Mr. Beggs, for the defendant, had three peremptory challenges left and the State twenty-two. Missionary Convention. Louisville, October 22. —The national missionary convention of the Christian Campbellite church is in session here. Three boards are represented—foreign, home and woman's. They began their an nual convention this morning, Mrs. Jame son, of Indianapolis, delivering the annnal address. The year's efforts have been directed toward the West and especially Montana, where a number of churches have been planted. Episcopal Convention. New Yobk, October 17. —The discus- | sion on the proposed adoption of a change I in the prayer book, which has been passed 1 by the Bishops, bat was not contained in any report, created a great deal of confu sion, but the matter was voted down. The question of the adoption of the last prayer in the book was then brought up. Several speeches were made on this and in the course of the debate Mr. Handing, a Lay member from Missouri, objected to aDy more revision. The only persons, he said, who will be benefitted by a revision are the booksellers. Dr. Huntington closed the debate and the amendments proposed by the committee were adopted. At to-night's session the board of mis- \ sions were occupied in a discussion of the million dollar enrollment fund. The sub ject was finally resolved that the suhscrib- I ers to the fund may, upon demand, receive their money back again, if the demand is made within a year. At the expiration of that period the remainder of the fm d, which now amounts to $5,000, may be ex pended for missionary work. New Yobk, 18. —At the afternoon ses 80 J several resolutions were adopted. A' peculiar feature of voting on these résolu- ; tioDS was that Iowa took a decided stand 1 against revision of any sort and desired through Dr. Hale to be individually re corded in that light. The debate of the Afternoon came upon Dr. Hunter's resolution for a short office of prayer on sundry occasions. The subject j was re opened by Dr Egar, who happened to be absent when the matter was before the committee of the whole. After a j iengthy discussion the resolution was put ; and carried. This finally di-iposes of an important matter already proposed and re jected by two previous conventions, so far as the house of deputies is concerned. In the house of bishops it was decided that no change be made in the term "as sistant bishop," which it was proposed to change for "co-ad jut or " The bishops declined to concur with the lower house od the resolution petitioning Congress on the subject of divorce on the ~ ---- - - •m ' A - $ - ; ,?v - ^ N. E. - - IRRIGATION NEW ERA GRADER AND DITCHER Will elevate and place in embankment lOOO Cubic Yards of earth in lO hours, ataeost notexoeediM TWO < 'K.NT!S per cubic yard. Hundreds uow in use. Write for circulars. F. C. AUSTIN MFC. CO., Carpenter St. and Carroll Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. We are the largest manufac turers of Artesian. Well. Machinery In the world. Established 1864. A. O. CLARKE. THOMASJCONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, Importers of and Jobbers and Retail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, ;and; f. 6. Mer's Cincinnati Wrought Iron Rames fo r Hotels and Family Use. Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, Centennial Refrigerators, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. Visitors to the City are. respect fully invited to roll and Examine on r Goods and prices before purchasing. —iPAT.T. ORDRESIBEOEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34 Main Street, ■ Helena, M, T SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, AND HOUSE F URNISHIN G GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. _ ESTABLISHED 1866. GANS & KLEIN. TLe Leading CLOTHING HOUSE ol Montana. Country Orders Solicited. Corner Main Street and Broadway. ARTHUR P. CURTINÏ. FURNITURE, CARPETS, WALL PAPER and HOtfSE F URNISHING GOODS. Having leased the two upper floors of the Da\iason Block and con nected same with our already immense Salerooms, we now occupy font entire floors p.xterd . g through the whole block from Jackson to Mam street, stooged throughout with goods of e\ery grade and at prices that defy competition. Every purchase made STRICTLY FOR CASH direct from FIRST HANDS and shipped in CAR LOADS ONLY. An examination of stock and prices solicited. MUSIC DBPAH-TMHNT. Pianos, Organs, and Musical Merchandise. ground that it was inadvisable at this time. New Yobk, October 21.—The amend ment providiug fer the insertion in the bap tismal office of the bracketed clause, "Here let the child distinctively pronounce bis or her Christian Dame," was lost. Dr Hart moved that consideration of the proposed book of office be postponed It went over without action. The bouse of bishops failed to concur with the lower house in regard to the re issuarce of a cheap edition of a prayer book aDd hymnal combined, as the prayer book is still iu an unfinished condition. Several conference committees were ap pointed, including one to fix a day for final adjournment. At the afternoon session of the house the consideration of amendments aud ad ditions to the prayer book was continued. The proposed change in the marriage service by the insertion of an exhortation was defeated by a close vote. Relief for Dakota Sufferers. St. Paul, October 21. —The relief com mittee appointed by the Chamber of Com merce, presented to-day a report of the destitution in the Dakotas, which shows a serious state of affairs in several counties, caused by tbe failure of crops incident to drought and frost. An organized relief movement to get to work at once is recom mended to get supplies, clothing and pro visions to the people who are in want be fore the winter sets in. Delays will result ir great suffering. A subscription has been opened by the City Councils aud the Com mercial bodies of St. Paul and MiuDeapo lis. Hire Goods Combination. Worcester, Mass., October 21. —The various wire goods companies of Worces ter, it is reported, have entered into a com bination with leading ea-teru manufac turers ol wire goods to raise the price of their manufactures, especially those relat ing to household utensils. It is said there is a movement on its way connected with tbe al.eged combination of wire manufac turers. THE iff r II i V Is the Published In the Territory of Montana. It is the Oldest Paper in Mon tana, dating from Novem ber, 1866. It contains mere Reading Mat ter than any other paper in Montana. In Typographical appearance it is not excelled by any news papei in the country. It is a Model American News paper. It has the Largest Circulation of any paper in Montana. Subscribe for it yourself. Send a copy to relatives or friends in the East. Subscription Price, $3 per year. For the year 1889 we are not offering any premiums, but we have on hand a few of RAND & McNALLY'S STANDARD AT LAS OF THE WORLD, that we will furnish to those of our sub scribers who may desire them, at $1.25. This Atlas retails at all book-stores at $5. We also have on hand a few copies of Rand & McNally's Popular Atlas, which we will furnish our subscribers, at 50 cents each. Address all Communi cations to FISK BROS., HELENA, - - - - MONTANA I /