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THE FOREST CITY.
On the Shore of Lake Erie—Garfield's Monument—Perry's Victory—Manu factures—Electric Cars, Etc. Cleveland, Ohio, Nov. 2.—[Special correspondence.] — Your correspondent, While on a visit to friendB in the Forest City, has been favored with many oppor tunities to see the mighty progress of a city now numbering 275,000 people that less than eighty years ago contained only eighteen families, or fifty-seven persons, who were either factors or employes of the Connecticut Land Company, of "New Con necticut, on the "Western Reserve." The history of Cleveland commences when Moses Cleaveland with a party of survey ors sent out by the land company entered the mouth of Cuyahoga river on the 22d of July, 1796, and landed on its eastern bank near its entrance into Lake Erie. The city, at its birth, contained three log cabins that had been erected by the sur veyors tor their own accommodation on the hillside next to the river, and near a spring that furnished an ample supply of pure water. Toe resident population that settled in Cleveland in 1796 was but four; in 1797 the population increased to fifteen ; iu 18üU it was reduced to seven by removals else where, on account of the insalubrity of the locality. In 1820 the population iucreased to 150; aud in 1830, at the taking of the first United States census, it was found that the population had advanced to 1,075. At this time the Ohio Canal, with its terminus at Cleveland, lud been constructed. Ibis improvement so enlarged the facilities ot commerce as to in spire confidence, and give assurance of tue city's future prosperity. It was in 1830 that a newspaper called the Cleveland Advertiser was establisüed. In preparing to issue the first number the editor discov ered that the "heading" was too long to fit the "form,' - and so, in order to adjust it he dropped out the letter "a," in the nrst syl lable of the woid Cleaveland, aud made it read "Cleveland." The public at once ac cepted this change iu orthography. Connecticut, when a colony, acquired by grant ol King Charles II. of England, in 1662, a vast tract of territory lying between the same parallels with the colony, acd ex tending west from "sea to sea," or from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean. When Con necticut came into the Union as one of the original thirteen states she cla med this territory as her rigntlul domain. In ad justing this claim, Congress allowed her to retain that part of the territory now known as the 'Western Reserve." Tuis she ac cepted in full discharge of her claim. The Western Reserve embraces the northeastern part cf Ohio, and contains three millions and eight hundred thousand acres. Iu 1792 the .State donated five hundred thousand acres of tDis land, siuce known as the "Fire-lands," to cit zeus who had suffered by tire in tüe Revolution; and, iu 1795, authoiized a sale of the remaining part of the Reserve and appointed a com mittee to effect the sale. This remainder was sold within a few months for $1,200, 000, which the State appropriated as a per manent fund for the support of her com mon schools. The pnrcha-ers of the land were sundry wealthy citizens ktown as the "Connecticut Land Company." Cleveland is a manufacturing city and is almost as much of an iron city as Pitts burg. Here are the headquarters for the Standard Oil company, whose plant is the most valuable aud extensive of any of the kind in the world, whose refinery at this point turns out annually many hundred thousand barrels of kerosene. Cleveland is noted as a ship-building port and for its vast tonnage in coal, iron, castings, ma chinery, engines, fire proofing, and has the largest plant in the world for making car bons for electric lights. Fire-proofing is an iandustry unknown iu Helena as it is practically applied to buildings there with a view ot making them entirely fire proof. Fire proofiing is done by lining the insides ot buildings, ceillings and roois, with hollow tile or brick, and is applied to ad ot the great buildings. The Hollenden, ihe Savings Deposit Rank, the New Arcade and the Perry Payne Block are now ander con struction in this city. The many objects ot interest in and around the Forest City make Cleveland doubly worthy of her name, and render to visitors and tomists an inviting programme for their pleasure and edification. At Lakeview cemetery, in the suburbs of Cleveland, a vast and magnificent city of the dead, overlooking one of the inland seas, is ihe memorial monument to James A Garfield, erected by the Garfield Na tional Monument Association, at a cost of $150,000, a veritable Mecca where thou sands cjoie annually to rekindle their patriotism at the shrine of the martyred dead. The form of the Memorial is large and imposing, rising boldly in the air to its summit 180 feet from the roadway on the east. It is in the shape of a circular tower, fitly feet in diameter, elevated on broad, high terraces, which are reached by several fiigbts of wide spreading steps that form a dignified approach to the Memorial. The porch, which gives an extended view over Lake Erie, is entered through a wide aud richly decorated portal, and within is a vestibule vaulted in stone, with a pavement ot marble mosaic. Through this vestibule you approach the Memorial temple or shrine, which occupies the entire space enclosed by the outer circular walls of the tower. . , .. , t . „ The Dome, which is also inlaid with Ve uetian Mosaic, is significant ot the sorrow of the American people The ceiling ot the circular aisle outside a row of columns is vaulted a. d decorated in color, aud a high wainscoting of polished African marble runs roand the chamber beneath the stain ed glass windows, through which stream a Hood of mellow light over the whole m ten0r- "WAR AND PEACE." Over the entrance door.on the inside, are seated allegorical figures of War, fully armed and "Peace." holding the olive branch, typical of the labors of Gartiel in tie service of his country, both in camp ^Underneath " War" and " Peace" is the Unaeruea «vetul country '"SS of Abram Garfield. 20:h Prudent of the United States of America, scholar, solder, statesman patriot; born 19th of November. 1831; deceased A. D àiL"Âr.l G«rt.ld .« P£ eut repose in a bronze casket m » mortuary tomb near the memorial, and will n® re Ä Union ■1.™»."^*", next Memorial day by the Grand Army the Republic and repreeentative citwens the United States. ELECTRIC'.STREET CARS. A. practical test ^ or months ? has proven a » DCC «* electric motor care in Cleveland, and established them in the opmionofthepeu delightful mode of quick «wr» tuinoted The care, which are upholstered wire* overhead, which carry the electnc current or power. t perry's victory. September the tenth, full well I ween, In eighteen hundred and thirteen, The weather mild, the sky serene, Commanded by bold Perry, Our saucy fleet at anchor lay. In safety, moor'd in Pat-ln-bay. Twixt sunrise and the break of day The British fleet We chanced to meet ; Our admiral thought he would them greet Y\ ith a welcome on Lake Erie. —Old hong. Perry's victory of the battle of Lake Erie was tonght September 10, 1813, with in ear-shot of Cleveland or at Put-in-Bay, about 60 miles north of this city, the boom ing of whose cannon was heard by the peo ple composing tins little hamlet, who had assembled on the lake front and who kne ,• that Perry was victorious, because it was the booming of his big guns that brought joyous sounds to their listening ears over the waters from Put in-Bay. Put-in Bay island, with Pelee and other islands nearer the Canadian waters (only thirty miles distant), form a chain clear across the lake, nowhere more than eight miles from island to island and shore land. Here was a line ol the underground rail road in slavery times. It was along me shelter of this chain that Commodore Oliver Hazzard Perry with tus fleet con ducted the army of General Harrison in September, 1813, from Sandusky to Mal den in Cauada, to carry out tue master stroke wtiien resulted in the defeat ot Proctor's Bntisu army on October 5, at the batile ot tue Thames. It was fifteen miles beyond the shelter of these islands, in a northerly direction, that Commodore Oliver Hazzard Perry whipped Commodore Barclay's British fieet, and sent to General William Henry lla.r.son his famous dispatch—"We have met tue enemy, aud they are ours—two ships, iwo brigs, one schooner and one sloop." To relresii j'ir memories on school nistory I have thought proper io republish the following othcial repoit ot ' O. H. Perry, captain and senior officer," to "Hon. Wllnaui Jones, secretary of the navy," .which gives me ioiccs ofAbe tsvo squadrons as lollows: British —Ship Detroit, 19 guns, 1 on pivot aud 2 howitzers; Ship C^ueen Char lotte, 17 guns, 1 on pivot; Schooner Lady Prévost, 13 gnns, 1 on pivot; Brig Hunter, IU guns; loop Little Belt, 3 guns; Schooner Chippcway, 1 gun and 2 swivels. Total, 63 guns. A uote stated that "ihe Detroit is a new snip, very strongly built and mounting long 24s, 16s and 12s." United Spates—Brig Lawrence, 20 guns; Brig Niagara, 20; Brig Caledonia, 3; Schooner Ariel, 4 (one burst early iu the actiou); Schoouer Scorpiou, 2; Schooner Somers, 2; Smop Trippe, 1; Schooner Tigress, 1; Schooner Porcupine, 1. Total, 54 guns. EUCLID AVENUE. As it would seem discourteous Ibr a cor respondent writing from Cleveland Dot to mention Euclid aveuue, the great fashion able bouievar.i oi the Forest City, 1 must say that for us extent (fifteen miles long) it is the most elegant thoroughfare in the United Slates, Micnigan averue in Chi cago not excepted. At this season when its umnrageous elms aDd sugar maples coioreu in the golden tints of Autumn Spread their branches lrom lawn to lawn ou opposite sides of the broad avenue, where coinmo dous aDd costly mansions rear their castellated towers, there can be rarely ever tound a more enchantiog scene than that met with on Euclid avenue, Cleveland, when the very trees whisper to each other, 'the melancholy days have come, the saddest of the year." Helena. an unwokn ckown. Miss Caldwell's Princely Lover Sup posed to Have Jilted Her. to the New York World A Paris cable gives a faint gleam of lizht from the inside of the Caldwell Marat jilting incident. The Paris dispatch says Marat's children, all three of wbom are married, and the other members of his family have been strongly opposed to the mated ever since the en gagemant was announced. Mrs. Donnelly, who is Miss Caldwell's chaperone, on being asked about the date to which the wed ding had been adjourned, refers everybody to the prince, wh ch tends to confirm the t elief that the objections to the marriage come altogether from his side. It is said to day that the difficulty daies back to a period three weeks ago. Meanwhile Miss Caldwell's bridal dress, with its imperial crown aud other pieces of extravagant embroidery, Btiil adorns a dam my figure in the private salon engaged by her at Worth's for the purpose of trying on her robes yesterday. More than half the dresses ordered by her have not yet been tried OQ. The illness winch was put for ward for an excuse for her failure to make her appearance at Worth's yesterday after noon is regarded as a mere pretense, for at the very time wuen she was due in the Rue de la Paix she was seen driviug up the Champs Ely sees apparently in the very best of health. Many distinguished guests have been greatly inconvenienced by the turn things have taken witn regard to the marriage, and among those wüo aie much put out are Bishop Spaldmg, of Peoria, who came on from Germany to solemnize the wed ding, aud Moosignor Sarroldi, who was to assist at the ceremony. The Prince's objections to making Miss Caldwell his wife are believed to be mainly dne to the tone assumed by the heiress wuh regard to the financial arrangements. Abont three weeks ago Miss Caldwell is alleged to have written to a friend in this country as follows: "You may be sure that I always intend to be my own financier. I am willing to allow any husband to have a sufficient income to dress well and pay his club dues, but he will never have the management of a cent of my principal." Prince Marat, although far from rich, is by no means a pauper. Under any circum stances the statement by Miss Caldwell with regard to the allowance which she proposed to make for "clothes and club dues" to a man who has gallantly won his grade ol general on the field of battle, and who is one of the best known men in the saloons, clnbs and on the race courses of all the capitals of Europe, cannot fail to have had a dampening effect on hia courtship and to have touched his sense of ridicule almost as keenly as his fiancee's extrava gant use of the imperial crown on her wed ding outfi t._ Dr. Cronin's Clothes found. Chicago, November 8. —Complaints have been made recently that the sewer at the intersection of Evanston & Buena avenues was running over, and to day workmen were sent to investigate the trouble. The cover was removed from the man-hole in the center of the street, and a few minutes' work with poles and hooks two valises were brought np. One of them was leather and the other the remains of a cheap paper one. Io the leather valise was found Dr. Cronin's prescription book with several prescriptions bearing his signature. The paper one dropped to pieces as it was palled oat, and from it roll ed a mass of Uttered clothing, moet of which had been cat in strips. The garment remaining in tact was a vest, which was in the center, and in which was encircled the Doctor's of surgical instruments. The clothes fraA evidently been ent in the hope that they would soon drop apart and be borne away in the sewer. The clothing, surgical and prescription book, the latter two fr ying marked with Cronin's name, were folly identified by the Conklins and others as the property of the murdered physician i HELENA GIRL ABROAD. Miss Marie Kleinschmidt Writes of Her Sight Seeing in Berlin. An Interesting Description of a Visit to Royal Museums, Mise Marie Kleinschmidt, daughter of ex-Mayor T. H. Klemschmidt, is now in Berlin pursuing the study of arts and lan guages and finishing her education. She has written several very interesting letters home, descriptive of her experiences in Germany, and from the nature of the epistles it is evident she is profiting by her sojourn abroad. From her last letter to her father we are permitted to make the following interesting extracts: Berlin, Oct. 21st, 1889.—Saturday was our morning to visit and we went to the Königlich« s Museum, of which I have spoken before. A number ct rooms iu the front part of the building called "The Gal lery of ADtiquitie»" contain ancient sculp ture. It (the gallery) is chiefly indebted for its origin to Frederick the Great who purchased at Rome the collection of Cardi nal Polignac. Until quite recently most of its contents were of minor merit, bat the purchasing of the Saburow collection ot Attic sculptures in 1884 has placed the gallery on quite a different footing. The arrangement ol rooms begins with the Rotunda, a large circular hall covered with glass. Between the columns support ing the gallery are several ancient statues; the most celebrated are "Amazon" and "Juno." Above is the Raphael tapestry. This Rotnnda also} CONTAINS TWO FRIEZES from the Altar of Zeus on the Acropolis ot Pergamus, discovered by Herr Hermann in 1879-80. The exquisite reliels formed a huge altar to Zeus, probably erected by Eumenes II., about 170 B. C., iu houor ol his decisive victory over the Gauls before the gates of Pergamns. The large friezes with fi s ures ot colossal size adorn tüe exterior of the altar, and represents the tnumpfi ol the gods, led by Zeus and Athe ne, over the giants. Abont two-thirds of this has been fonnd. The smaller and more pleasing reliets, from the interior of the altar, consist of scenes irom the history of Telephus, the local hero of Pergamus. Although some of the figures are not com plete, one can tell by the others what the figures ought to be. It is said that this frieze has a ma-tery of execution which no other IrBze of its size possesses. The other parts of the frieze are temporalily exhib ited in the Hall of the Heroes, which we next enter. The uext important statne is a Praying Boy in bronze, supposed to be from the second or third century, aud purchased by Frederick the Great for this museum. It was long considered the finest work in the museum. It underwent restoration in France in the seventetnth century, and it is not known if this is exactly like the original. The Dancing Girl is also very celebrated. It is a Greek work of the time of the Diadochi or successors of Alexander. The original is in Paris. The statue of a hoy in bronze, found in the bed of the Rhine, near Xantan, is very famous. From this room one goes into THE RESTORING ROOM, where men are at work fixing and patting statues together, and repairing reliefs lound in Rome and other places There are also the EDusian a d Greek cabinets, but there is not anything of very much importance in either of these that I have seen. The Roman Saloon, next entered, contains statues and busts of the latter period of the republic and empire. A very fine relief is an Alto relief of the siege of a seaport town. There is also an alabaster bust of Scipio Africanus and statue of Julius Cæsar. Then the next room reached contains the mediæval Renaissance sculptures. The collection of works of the Italian Renaissance in marble, bronze, terra cotta aud painted stucco is now unequalled out of Itally save at the South Kensington museum and the Louvre. A very famons and celebrated statne is that by Michael Angelo of John the Bap tist when a boy. It was bought in 1879 for 100,000 m. There is also in this section a cabinet of coins c mtaining 200,000 speci mens, of which about 90,000 are ancient, 55, 000 Greek aöd 35,000 Roman. All that I have explained so far is in what is called the Old Museum. Now comes the New. Ascending a flight of stairs, one arrives on the first floor of the New, which is entirely occupied by the very valuable and exten sive collection of casts arranged into twelve saloons. This collection has been so much enriched during the last few years that it will be necessary to erect a new building tor it. The gallery of the North Court contains casta of the most ancient works of Assyrian reliefs, early Greek statues and reliefs and Metopæ friezes, etc. The Greek saloon contains tympanum groups from the Temple of Minerva at Aggina, the originals of which are in Munich; tym panum groups and frieze from the Parthe non by Phidias. Around the ceiling are ten paintings representing different views of Greece. The other saloons are very popular, I don't know very much about them. There is an art gallery there, too, but Annt--hasn't taken us through it yet. I hope you won't tire of such a letter, bat I am trying to tell yon of what we saw and what Mies--and myself are studying. THE GREAT TAPESTRY. I mentioned that the upper walls of the rotnnda are hung with the Celebrated tapestry. This was woven at Brussels for Henry the VIII. in 1515 and 1516 from designs by Raphael. It is a repetition of the famous tapestry in the \ atican at Rome. It was once in the possession of Emperor Charles L.then in that of the Duke of Alva, and was purchased by Frederick William IV. in 1844. The sub jects are from the Acts of the Apostles and the Life of Christ. The first, death of Ananias; the second, Christ giving Peter the keys of Heaven; toe third, Paul and Barnabas at Lystra; the fourth, the Sorcerer Elvmaa strack with blindness; the fifth conversion of St. Paul; the sixth, Paul preaching at Athen»; the seventh, stoning of St. Stephen; the eighth, miraculous draught of fishes; the ninth, Peter and Paul healing the lame man. The tenth Paul in pri-on at Phillippi, has unfor tunately laded. Sunday morning, Annt--. Miss — and myself went to the Dom Kirche. This is very old, having been built in 1747 and restored in 1817. Frederick William IV undertook the erection of a new cathedral more worthy of the great capital bat only completed the foandation and part of the baria! hall for the Royal family. This old chnrch is soon to be torn down and a new one erected in its place. Severe Snow Storms. Clarendon, Texas, November 8. —The deepest snow storm in twelve years is on the g roand now. The Fort Worth and Denver trains are blockaded north of here in drifts ten feet deep. It is the worst storm that ever visited the Panhandle. Kansas City, November 8.—Dispatches from Western and Southern Kansas give de tails of a sleet and snow storm that raged then to-day. Hail and eleet fell so thickly and was driven eo fiercely by the wind that in many places people did not dan venture ont of doors. IS DIVORCE WRONG? Extracts From a Discussion in North American Keview for November. the ROBERT G. INGERSOLL. The good borne is the unit of the good government. The hearthstone is the cor nerstone of civilization. Society is not interested in the preservation of hateful homes, of homes where hnsbands and wives are selfish, cold and crnel. It is not to the interest of society that good women should be enslaved, that, they should live in fear, or that they should bscome mothers by hnsbands whom they hate. Homes should be filled with kind and generous lathers, with true and loving mothers; and when they are so filled, the world will be civilized. Intelligence will rock the cradle; justice will sit in the courts; wisdom in the legislative halle; and above all and over all, like the dome oi heaven, will be the spirit of liberty. Although marriage is the most important ami tue most sacred contract that human beings can make, suli when that contract has beeu violated, courts should Lave tùe power to declare it iyjR, and void upou such conditions as may be just. As a rule, the woman dowers the husband with her youth, her beauty, her love—with all she has; and from this contract certain ly the husband should never be released, unless the wife has broken the conditions ot the contract. Divorces should be pub lic, precisely as the marriage should be sclemnizid. Every marriage should be knowD, and there should be witnesses, to the end that the character of the contract entered into should be understood; the record should be open and public. And the same is true of divorces. The condi tions should be determined, the property snould be divided by a court of equity, and the custody of the children given under regulations prescribed. Men and women are not virtuous by law. Law d. is not of itself create virtue, nor is it the foundation or fountain of love. Law should protect virtue, and law should protect the wife, if she has kept her contract, and the hus band, it he has lultilied his. „ BISHOP HENRY C POTTER. The effect of divorce upon the integrity of the family is too obvious to require stat ing. As the lather and mother are tüe heads ot the family, their separation must inevitably destroy the common lamily lite. On tne other baud it is olten contended that the destruction has been already com pleted, aDd that a divorce is only the legal recognition ol what has already taken place; "the integrity of the family" can scarcely remain when either a father or a mother, or both, are living in violation of the law on which that integrity rests. The question may be asked whether the abso lute prohibition of divorce would con inbnte to the moral purity of society. It is difficult to answer snch a question, be cause anything on the subject must be comparatively worthless until verified by experience. It is quite certain that the prohibition of divorce never prevents illicit sexual connections, as was abundantly proved when divorce in England was put within the reach of persons who were not able to afford the expense of a special ac< of Parliament. It is, indeed, so palpable a tact that aoy amount of evidence or argu ment is wholly superfluous. CARDINAL GIBBONS. The facility and frequency of divorce, anu l is lamentable consequences, are now a dajs calling much attention to measures of " divorce reform." " How can divorce reform be best secured?" it may be asked Believing, as I do, that divorce is evil, I also believe that its " reformation " and its death must be simultaneous. It should cease to be. Divorce, as we know it, be gau when marriage was removed from the domain of the church ; divorce shall cease when the old order shall be restored. Will this ever come to pass? Perhaps so—alter many days. Meanwhile, something might be done—eomething should be done—to lessen the evils of divorce. Oar present divorce legislation must be presumed to be such as the majority of the people wish it. A first step, iherelore, io the way of "di vorce reform " should be the creation of a more healthy public sentiment on this question. Then will follow measures that will do good in proportion to their strin gency. A few practical suggestions as to the s dient features of remedial divorce leg islation may not be ont of place. Persons seeking at the hands of the civil law relief m matrimonial troubles should have the right to ask for divorce a vinculo , or sim ple separation a mensa et thoro, as they may elect. The number of legally-recognized grounds for divorce should be lessened, and noiseless" divorces forbidden. "Rapid transit" facilities for passing through di vorce courts should be cut off, and divorce agencies" shonld be »oppressed. The plaintiff in a divorce case should be a bonafide resident of the judicial district in which his petition is filed, and in every divorce case the legal representatives of the Stole should appear for the defendant, and, by all means, the right of remarriage after divorce should be restricted. If divorce cannot be legislated out of existence, let, at least, its power for evil be diminished. I he Century Puzzle Again. New York Journal of Commerce: A writer whose initials are E. E. B . asks ns in a let ter, just to hand, whether the twentieth century begins with January 1, 1900, or January 1, 1901, and declares that of all whom he addressed for an answer, abont half took one date and half the other. There should be no question about it. This century ends with the last moment of the year 1900, and the next begins with Jan nary 1,1901. The muddle grows oat of the fixed idea which some people have that the reckoning of time begins with a cipher, and that one is coanted when the hoar, day, month or year has closed; where as, all the counting of time begins with one, and at the end of the first period two begins to count. Thus, when a child is born, he enters on his first day of the first month of the first year of his life. His ten years are finished, not when he enteis on his tenth year, bat at its close; and his hundred years are completed, not when the hundredth year is began, bat when it ended. When we write 1900 we have be gun the last year of the century, not ended it. The centuries do not begin with 0,100, 200, but with 1, 101, 201 ; and thns the twentieth century begins with 1901, at the first moment of that year. The quoted date comes with the beginning, not the close, of the twelve months; and therefore, while we qnote the year 1900 as we do every other year at its beginning, we mast wait till it ends, to close the centnry. Fatal 8hooting Affray. Louisville, Ky., November 8.—Col. Wm. Caseins Goodloe, a member of the National Republican committee and col lector of the seventh internal revenue dis trict, stabbed and killed CoL A. M. Swope, a prominent Republican, at Lexington this afternoon. Goodloe was shot and fatally wounded. Col. Goodloe has been for years a prominent man in Kentucky politics. He was minister to Belgium nnder Hayes and is a member of the National Republi can committee, being chairman of the committee on speakers. He is 48 years of age, married, and has eight children. Col, Swope wm 46 years of age and unmarried He wm collector of internal revenue nnder Grant and Hayes. STARVING IN ALASKA. Two Men Return to Tell Their Ex« perience of Cold and Hnnger. New York, November 1.—The Sun's Ottawa special says: The British Colum bia mail to-day brings the following terri ble tale ot starvation in theY'nkon district. The article is from the Victoria Times: Chillicott, Alaska, October 1.—Three small detachments of men have returned from the Yukon. The secoad brought word that they passed on the beach a boat thoaght to belong to several men who h «1 started some time before from Forty-Mile creek. It was known that they bad but a small supply of food, and it was supposed they had taken to the woods in search of game. Yesterday two men tottered down the mountain side to 'his place. Their emaciated faces and trem bling limbs showed that they had survived an experience 'hat few men coaid have lived through Une of them wra J. W. Sptrro, of Poi ihtnd, Oregon. The other is R. C. Rose. Thre«. weeks after starting on their homeward journey ffieir supply of provisions was entirely exhausted, and they soon became so weak that they could Dot pall their boat, which they finally abandoned, and took to the hills in search of game. Occasionally a squirrel was shot, and as quickly eaten by the men, who were now ravenous. Wild berries soon be came their only means of subsistence. Their trail was followed by clonds of mosquitoes and flies, that lit upon them in swarms. In their weakened condition Ingram and F. C. Yonng, from San Diego, Cal., were unable to fight off the pests, which preyed upon their eyelids, and the unfortunate men soon became blind. Finally Young and Ingram succnmbed to the hardships they were forced to undergo and died in the forest. Their comrades finally made their way hark to the boat and were suc cored by Indians whom they met. The party discovered on its journey a ledge in which gold abounded, and the survivors intend to return to it next spring. "Forty years ago Col. Seaton, then mayor the city ol Washington, gave, as was his :stom, a large dinner party, at which I was present. In the course of the enter tainment the importance of one vote and its consequences aud good results was, amoDg other things, the subject of conver sation, and Governor Corwin, (then United Sta'es Senator) Darrated in his inimitable manner the following to show, as he said, the bad results as well as the importance of one vote, and how a pig, from whom the devil had not been cast out, in his estima lon nearly ruined the country, to-wit: In tüe spring ot löll, at the annual election Rhode Island, in one of the towns or polling precincts tne voting between the Federal and Republican (or Democratic, peace or war) parties had been for years very close, not more than a majority of one or two votes. The polls closed at 6 o'clock, and a Federal farmer living a mile or so distant irom the voting place, having been busy all day, allowed himself just barely time to reach the polls in the evening. He hurriedly crossed his fields on foot and reaching his last or division fence found one of bis valuable pigs fast between the planks and stopped to get it out, which he •und more difficult than he expected, hut he worked with all his strength to pail the pig oat and failing in nat tried to pry off a plank from the mer. ~niet», aller some time, he succeeded u «lo ng, a «1 tnen started on a run for the vot « i.lnce Just as he got within 100 feet of it the towu clock strack 6 and the noils closed without his vote. The result was that a Democrat or war representative from that town was elected by one vote. When the General Assembly met a few weeks afterwards a Democratic or war United States Senator was chosen on joint ballot by one majority. In 1812 the dec laration of war with England was carried in the United States Senate by oue vote. General Jack son was nominated as a major general and confirmed by one vote January 8, 1815. He commanded the army at the battlle of New Orleans, gained a great victory, be came a popular military hero, and as hw reward was elected and re-elected Presi dent of the United States, turned all the Whigs out of office, removed the deposits, vetoed the national bank bill, and played the devil generally; and all because that -pig away up in Rhode Island got fast in a plank fence " Died ol Paralysis. ^ Harrisburg, Pa., November 8.—State Treasurer Hart died at 11:15 o'clock to night. He had been ill for Borne time and did not recover consciousness after having an attack of paralysis at 9:30 to-night. 4 Effect ol a Single Vote. Notice t o Cr editors. Estate of HENRY M. HILL, deceased. Notice is hereby Riven by the undersigned. Executor of the estate of Henry M. Hill, de ceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to ex hibit them with the necessary vouchers, within four months after the first publication of this notice to the said Executor at the law office of Leslie & Craven, in the city of Helena, the same being the place for the transaction of the busi ness of said estate, in the county of Lewis and Clarke. Dated October 19th, 1889^ pH Executor of the estate of Henry M. HiH* de woct24-31-noy7-14 I ES A. 9 » affintnen 1 * v remove BttOc:------ - . . • How to reduce Sup. i '.ltiou* Plena 15 pound. « month. ' Hjw to develop the Hunt Klentiflcally." How Lean Ladle* may .peedily become Staat." Describe vo.-v case fully, and svnd 4 cents for fMJod iJSctton*. WlJA'OX SPECIFIC CO., Fhlla* Fs "These Specifics stand alone in the present eond l t l a. et medical science." Scientific limes __ Mmm I ■owiir in its favor are i I WANT ACTIVE, «^CETIC «EM and women all over the cog"****® mH the Missocbi Steam Washes. _ i&wyiÄi käs® «Sfi Ël^assBasBa SAVE MONEY! hr writing for the illustrated 'PEOPLE'S PRICE-LIST.' It S ires the wholesale prices fer ry Goods, Clothing, ri antes* . Saidles, Gaps, for persona«, and. famuy use. We sell direct to cons umer s, at lowest wholesale This valuable booh *111 he mailed free to any addreas. THE PEOPLE'S SUPPLY CO., 43 k 50 E. Lake Street, Chicago, Bla —i z: ,yS ^ o o o pT *H >, o — D (D A 0 CP 53 'Jo cr.' , - —i 7? —^ r" ■p' o r A so — PO 5 o <r> po O CASTOR IA for Infants and Children. ' "Oarttriabao well adapted to children that [ recommend it as superior to any prescription known to me.'' H. A. Archer, M. L., Ill So. Oxford SA, Brooklyn, N. Y. Castorin cures Colic, Constipation. Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea, Eructation. Kills Worms, gives sleep, and promotes di gestion. bout injurious modi cation. THE CENTAFR CO., 77 Mnrray Street. N. Y. GREAT CLOSING OUT SALE! OF Clothing, Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes, Rubber Clothing, etc., at less than cost at the old stand of the I. X. UiBAZAARJ These goods must be sola. ,Buy while bargains are ripe. BARNETT. «sfc A. J. DAVIDSON, President. HOWARD SEBREE. Vice President. B. F. WHITE, Treasurer. THUS. J. DAVIDSON, Secretary. A. j. DAVIDSON A CO. Inoorportod. Jobber» and Dealer» in Agricultural Implements and Harness. General Agents for Bain Wagons, Wliitley Steel Mowers and Binders, Champion Mowers, Bo nanza, Tiger, and Hollingsworth Hay Rakes, Oliver's Patent Chilled and Mohne Steel and Flying Dutchman Sulkey Plows, Concord Har ass, Buggies, Carriages, Road Wagons, Buckboards, Carts, Horse Clothing, Halters, Robes, Harness of all Styles and Prices, and Whips. A full line of extras. SIXTH POINT You should read TheChica go Daily News because,being a family newspaper, it's against the saloon. The home and the saloon are forever opposed. There can be no neutrals in this war. But The Daily News is * temperate in temperance. _ It isn't a prohibition organ—it's not sure prohibition is the best way of treating the evil—but it believes in prohibiting the sa loon keeper from ruling and ruining in American society. If you would read, and have your family read, a newspaper which places the interests of the he me higher than those of the saloon, read The Chicago Daily News. Remember—\is circulation is 220,000 a day—over a million a week—and it costs by mail 25 cts. a month, four months gi.oo ,—one cent a day Tint's Pills ¥• sin costiveness the medicine moat M more than a purgative. To bo pw ■sanent, it mast contain Tonic, Alterative and Cathartic Properties. Titt'i Pills posse.s these qualities la an eminent degree, and Speedily Restore to the bowels their uatnal peristaltic motion, so essential to regularity« Sold Everywhere. OMAHA MEDICALS SURGICAL INSTITUTE!. N. W.Cos, I3 th& Oodce Sts.. OMAHA, NEB. FOR THB TREATMENT OF ALL CHRONIC A SURGICAL DISEASES BXIACES, APPLIANCES FOR DEFORMITIES AND TRUSSES, Best Facilities, Apparat«- s and Remedies for Sue ceufid Treatment of every form of Disease requiriag MEDICAL or SURGICAL TREATMENT. NINETY ROOMS FOR PATIENTS. Board A Attendance. Best Accommodations in West, CC7*WRITE FOR CIRCULARS on Deformities and Braces. Trusses, Club Feet, Curvatures of Spine, Piles, Tumors, Cancer, Catarrh, Bronchitis, Inhalation. Electricity, Paralysis, Epilepsy, Kidney, Bladder, Eye, Ear. Skin and Blood and all Surgical Operations. DISUSES OF WOMEN l)UeBWHoflVoD«n HIKE WK HAVE LATELY AllBED A LTIS6-IS DEPARTMENT FOR WOVEN DCRlN« OOSFIXEXBST. «STRICTLY PRIVATE.) Only Reliable Medical Institute making a Specialty of PRIVATE DISEASES. All Blood Disease socceasfully treated. Syphilitic Poison removed from the system without mercurv. new Re.tor.tlve Treatment far Lem of VITAL POWER. Parties unable to visit ns may be treated at home by correspondence. All communiea tion. confidential Medicines or instruments sent by mailer ex press secure! v packed, no marks to indicate contents or sender. One pereonaiinterview preferred. Call and consult us or send history of your ease, and we will send in plain wrapper, our DA AV TA IBCN FREE: L'pon Private, Special or DUUh I U IRE.Hi Nervous Diseases, Impoteney, Syph ilis; Gleet and Varicocele, with question list. Address OMAHA MEDICAL A SURGICAL INSTITUTE, ~ OMAHA, NEB. oirtsT MANUFACTORY IN WEST OF DEFORMITY APPLIANCES,j TRUSSED, Electric Batteries ______ AMD Belt». _ FOR MEN ONLY! ■ nACFTfVC For LOST or FAILING MANHOOD] A POSH if L Ornerai and NERVOUS DEBILITY; AtTU X« Weakness of Body and JUnd: Effect» Vf U Xv Juf of Errors or Excesses in Old err Young. t.Ugf loUo BASHOOP hilly ReMtorrd. Haw KiUrtf om ■ÛKukV~r " ■ «r.et e.i.Lvn ORGAXS M PARTS of BOOT. TbS^teG Mtälli.« HOHE TREATMKXT—Benefit. I« » day. Imlnti^ from «7 Bute., Territories, and Forrlga tonntrlra. Tm euwrltethem. Book, f.lleiplaa.tlon, aad pro.lSmaHml Addr». »II MtOlCA) CO.. OUrFAlP, N. Ï TO WEAK MEN R nftBn. from the affecta of youthful error«, early decay, wasting weakness, lost manhood, etc., I will Mud a valuable treatise (sealed) containing full «articula» for borne cure, FREE of charge. A splendid medical work ; should do read by every who is nervous and debilitated.^ Addrsaa, ProG F. C. FOWIsEH, Moodua, Conn.' NEW INVENTION ^ NO BACKACHE. ' RUNS ASY* w 7V Cards ot »••«« ha*. bMa n"d by .a. i Ihti Baodreda loro oowod 5 ood • oordi da flj. am a. Canal atr—i. Ch icago, m. to >> T, -XI GQ * CO 3 — a o o hk TJ1 fclll a •_= 0 »X T3 c/ 2 -a ci O . c >1 •J a jc. 8 5 P r l/I H- Cl >-H DR. JORDAN & CO.'S MUSEUM OF ANATOMY 751 Market street, San Francisco, Admission 25 cents. Go and learn how to avoid disease. Consultation and treatment person ally oi by letter, on spermaterrhœa ,or genital weakness, and all dis eases of men. Send for a book. Private office 211 Geary stree Con sultation free. $4 ELECTRIC BELT™« Owing to the great stte icess of the new "Cala. Klectrie Suspensory Belt," we have reduced the price from to #4, which makesit the cheap. & f -/\V est FIRST-CLASS BELT in the K [l 7S ,r~U. S. ami superior to others which are «P*T .M*soliUt from $10 to $.'in. JPree by mail forlS-lor TJ I REE belts for #IO. Send for circulai. Address, L'alilornia Electric Belt <'«>. Box Ulf!!*, •sail Francisco, Cai. orcallat 701 Market St., S. F. RUPTURE KRMANF.NTLY CURED by using th< SADDEN ELECTRIC TRUSS arranted BEST TRUSS MADE, U /n KK all Curable! ate. or HKH *H«i.acj OnlvOsseis. Ki.stTRic TRL*HS inV oatx IVrfeel KETA1XEK, givinft Isr.Ti.TR.usI - end Speedy CURE. Worn with Ea, et Com fort night and dav. This »w Invention combines Seietce, Dur kbflitv, Power. Sold strictlv on Merits. PrleefiS.Afifi. Illust! Pamphlet free. OR. SANDLN, SKINNER BLOCK, DENVER. COL mmtil DRILLS for.all purposes Scud aOcts. for mailing j/eatalogues with TuU particulars CARPE NTER.ST.lAND CAR ROLLVAVIa' V Ox *5 & CagO LEGAL BLANKS, FOR THE USE OF LAWYERS, JUSTICES OP THE PEACE, CONVEYAN CERS, SURVEYORS, AGENTS, OWERS AND LESSOR" OP REAL ESTATE, ETC. (OUT THIS OUT FOR KEFEBEN0E.) THE HERALD has in stock the following blanks. They are neatly printed ou good paper, with red ruling for a border. The forms have be«*' carefully prepared by a lawyer, are in con 'jrmity with the statutes of the Tenltory, and are applicable to any county in Montana. ISTRICT COURT BLANK8. Per dos. Per 100 «3 Oi Notice of Appeal........................50 Undertaking on Appeal..... . .....50 Aff. ord. and notice for wit..........75 Subpoena.....................................35 Summons.....................................50 Und. on claim and delivery.........50 Writ of attachment.....................50 Und. on attachment...................50 Affidavit for attachment.............50 Aff. publication summnos..........75 Ord. publication summons..........50 Deposition...................................75 Execution........-..........................35 Summons for juror................... .35 JUSTICES COURT BLANKR Warrant of arreet.......................50 Writ ot attachment....... .35 Und. on attachment..............35 Affidavit forattaehmaat ............. 50 Subpoena.............. 35 Summons.................................. .35 Summons for juror......................35 REAL ESTATE BLANKS; Bond for deed..............................75 Quit claim deed........................ .75 Warranty deed............... Bargain and sale deed.... Lease.............................. Mortgage .75 .75 .50 .75 .75 .75 3 0!) 4 00 2 00 3 00 3 08 3 00 3 00 3 00 4 00 8 00 4 00 2 00 2 00 3 00 2 00 2 00 5 00 2 00 2 00 2 00 4 00 4 00 4 00 4 00 3 00 4 00 4 00 4 00 8 00 4 00 8 00 8 00 8 OO 8 00 Assignment of mortgage.......... Mechanics lein........................... MINING BLANKS. Notice of location (quarts)........ .50 Deed of mining claim............... .75 Application for patent«................50 Water Right Location.................50 Lode Representation...................50 Placer Location...........................60 MICELLANKOÜ8 BLANKS Sheriff sale............... 50 8 00 Bounty certificate (wild animals) .50 8 00 Certificate of Incorporation.........75 4 00 Bond...........-................ 60 8 00 Acknowledgements.................. .35 j 00 Chattel mortgage........................75 4 00 Bill of sale....^......... 75 4 00 Power of attorney............... .50 800 A discount of ten per cent, made on orders amounting to 05, and twenty-five per oent. on orders amounting to OlO or over. Postage prepaid on all orders. Special forms of any blanks mada to order at low prices. Checks and money orders to be made payable to FIvK B|U>9., Helena, Montana.