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Helena, Montana, Thursday, December 19, 1889. No. tnceldi» ^fjcralil. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK A. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana - O Rates oi Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year, (in Ml vane«).............................83 00 81* Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (In advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for In advance the rate will be Four Dollars per yen) Postage, In all cases Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: City Subscribers,delivered by carrier 51.00a month One Year, by mall, (in advance)................. 59 00 81* Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid In advance, 812 per annum. [Entered at the Postoflice at Helena as second class matter.] Xÿ-A.11 communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. the next best thing. My love has had the Browning erase; In fact, I've felt her precious pulse Through every stage of all the maze Of latter-day æsthetlc cults. Altho' her father drives a dray She's been a transcendentallst; She's gone for art with a big A— Now she's turned Egyptologist. Once she was all for Emerson— Full flooded with the Over Soul— Yet now of that she will have none, But burrows earthward, like a mole. She loved me well, till from grim graves 'Bove ground folks brought the Ptolemies Upon the tapis. Now she raves Of nothing but antiquities. Had I been dead and wrapped in rags And pickled well with precious spioe A thousand years, her love that flags Would, doubtless, dub me, "Oh so nice!" I little dreamed, when first I fell Before the charm of that face. That I should hear Joy's I mitral knell King out from some old mummy case. I vow it seems most monstrous queer That I. who've tried so hard to please Her, should tie cut out wiih my dear By that old ruin, Kameses! But facts are facts 1 No use to stuff, If you are not a "'belted earl," You'd better he a mummy, if You'd catch a bang-up Boston girl. AN ARGUMENT. I think, my dear, ten women go To heaven to five men; I am quite certain it is so it is as five to ten. Temptations do not hedge us in. From business cares we're free, We're not so predisposed to sin— Dost not agree with me ? We do not frequent the saloon, And'gainst all classes rub, And we have not—oh ! what a boon!— A horrid, sinful club. HUSBAND. I grant all you have said, my dear, We are a sinful sex ; We find temptations ever near, And many things to vex. Women are good and pure, I know. Obedient and meek; They nothing care for outside show, No praise, no flattery seek. Yet few to heaven will go. Forsooth, To go you will not care— There are—my dear. I speak the truth No sealskin sacques up there. OLD SONGS. Over and over again, In every time and tongue, In every style and strain Have the world's old songs been sung; Since the sigh from the soul was stirred, Since the heart of man »8 broken, Have the notes of despair been heard And the rhythm of pain been spoken. The song that you sing to-day, Hweet on the printed pages, Was sung in the far away, In the youth of the worn-out ages; The charm of your love born tune, The gems that your lines uncover, Were set in some savage tune. By the heart of some pagan lover. The fancies that fill your rhymes. The visions that haunt your lays, Are the specters of olden times And the ghosts of forgotten days; Ye players on notes of woe. Ye dreamers of love and sorrow. There sang in the years ago The songs you will sing to-morrow. But what if the rhymes are new, And what if the thoughts are old, If the touch of the chord be true And the flight of the singer bold ! Let them come to us still again. To-morrow and yet hereafter. Fresh as a morning's rain, Old as the sob and the laughter. One Word. "Write me an epic," the warrior said "Vlctory, valor and glory wed. "Prithee, a ballad," ® xc ' a f i " e h d ^ 1 ? e k " ,Kh * _ "Prowess, adventure and faith unite. "An ode to freedom." the patriot cried "Liberty won and wrong defied. 'Give me a drama," the scholar asked "The inner world in the outer maoked. "Frame me a sonnet," the artist PWed "Power and passion in harmony played. ,, a , „ _ ivric " the maiden sighed— "A lark-notè waking the morning wide. lie looked in^Sed aUhe^ »uîrittdfle»!' A moment glanced ai , „ h-, lo w ts the lights above, From the lights be , m —Love. And wrote the one-word poem I Mariage Notice. the Sangamon Jour eld, 111., November to the collection of jv Prison War Mu The paper at that lenry Clay for the amc is conspicuous ial column. In ti» >f the paper is the lotice: "Married in at the residence of by the Rev. C. Dree to Miss Mary art Tod, Esq., Is a story in which »rested, and the pa- ie only oopy in ex ' -Chicago Times. itive acts in the reign igland are his con- it charter and of W There are also addi in g yet extaot which amon law. MSP g I F-/-T155 . MRS. THOS. B REED, Wife of the Speaker of the House of Representative*. The above is a portrait of Speaker Reed's helpmeet. She is presiding over modest household arrangements in apartments at the Shoreham, a huge structure recently erected at Washington by Vice-President Morton. Mrs. Reed would not care to be classed among "society" women; on the contrary, she does not like large social gatherings. Her tastes are quiet and she is studious, like her husband, finding her chief happiness at home where he is likeli- est to be fonnd enjoying her society and that of an only daughter after the labors of an arduous office art over for the day. Mrs. Reed is a striking contrast to her hus- band in physique. He is a giant in stature, while she is a person of small figure. She was married to her illustrious husband at Portland, Maine in 1870. Her maiden name was Susan Merrill, and her father was a Congregational minister at Center Harbor, Maine, when she came into the world. She is a woman g eatly beloved, a sincere and warm hearted friend, and ha- bitually good-natured. m y/ LILIAN NORDICA. Prima Donna on Her Way Home to America. Mme. eNordica is on hsr way to this country, in the same ship with Patti. She is a Connecticut girl and her name is Lilian Gower. As leading singer at the Royal Italian Opera, London, she has made a great reputation. Nordica was born at Farmington, where she attended school. She is a granddaughter of the famous re* vivalist, "Campmeeting" John Allen. Al- most from her babyhood she gave the promise of proficiency in vocal music. When old enough to study the art of her preference, she went to Boston for the pur- pose. About twelve years ago she went to Loudon, where her vocal gifts and cultiva- tion found ready recognition. She was en- gaged to sing at the Crystal palace, Syden- ham. Her next step was to place herself as a student of operatic mnaic, with the celebrated Signor Sangiovanna. She was his pnpil three years, and then made her debut, which was at Bresica, in "La Traviata." Her success was pronounced and she afterwards sang for two seasons in Russia. She appeared at Paris in 1882, as Marguerite, in "Faust." The year after she was engaged for Col. Mapleson's company London. Nordica's voice is soprano, of excellent quality, thoroughly trained and ander control. She sings in a wide range of characters. I m m & fa- ~ DEODORA DA FONSEOA, Chief of the Provisional Government ol Brazil. The head of the provisional government of Brazil is Deodora da Fonseca. He was the chief spirit in the military movement which brought the Imperial regime to an end. Happily no bloodshed accompanied the revolution, which seems to have been at all points successful. Fonseca is as com mon a name in Brazil as Smith is in this country. The Fonseca now at the head of the provisional government is a soldier, 63 years old. He fought in the war with Paraguay and was wounded at the battle of Itororo. A fier the war he organized a military club at Rio de Janeiro, and the secret of bis strength is his carefully fos tered popularity in tbe army. At one time the Imperial authorities fonnd it expedient to send him to a distant province for a time He is now supreme, and every friend of Brazil hopes that he will prove to he another Washington, the Father of a pros pérons Republic. Watches in Card Cases. Among the latest novelties in the way of card cases is a very dainty little one made of very finely dressed leather says a New York Mail writer. In one corner of the case is set a tiny little watch. The ef fect of this ÎB very pretty, and besides this, the combination is a very useful one. Ladies are often pnt to a great deal of trouble in taking ont their watches when on the street. Carrying this little time piece set in their card case or pocket hook saves them all this tronble, and then, too, when mak ing calls they have a little gentle reminder in their bands that they mast not overstay their welcome. Watches set in this way in card cases and pocket books are much more popular than the bracelet watch at tachment The novelty was imported from Paris, bnt is now being manufactured very largely in this country. The cost of these card cases and pocket books is from $7 50 up. ' SC ; _ DAVID J. BREWER. Associate Justice ot the United States Supreme Court. No appointment by President Harrison has elicited more hearty commendation than that of David Josiah Brewer, of Kan sas, to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. This eminent lawyer was born in Smyrna, Asia Minor June 20,1838, his father being a mission ary to the Greeks in Turkey. Yonng Brewer was educated in this country, and was graduated from Yale college in 1856. After leaving college he studied law in the office of David Dndley Field in New York city, and was graduated from the Albany Law School in 1858. In the fall of that year Mr. Brewer went West, and in 1859 opened a law office at Leavenworth, his present home. He was appointed United States Commissioner in 1861, and after that his advancement was rapid. In 1862 he was elected Judge of the Probate and Criminal Courts for Leavenworth county. Judge of the First Judicial District in 1864, Coanty attorney in 1868, and Asso ciate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1870, 1876 and 1882. In 1884 he was elevated to the United States Circuit Court bench. Judge Brewer's mother was a sister of Jus tice Stephen J. Field. m GILBERT A. PIERCE. U. S. Senator from North Dakota. The Senator-elect of North Dakota was born in New York State. He went to Indi ana when sixteen years old, and subse quently studied law at the Chicago Uni versity. After his admission to the bar he practiced at Valparaiso, Ind., for six months before the outbreak of the civil war. He served in the war, and was Colonel Pierce when he entered Mobile with the victors. In 1865 he was elected to the Indiana Legislature and was chairman of the com mittee on benevolent institutions. He was appointed one of the financial secretaries of the United States Senate in 1869. He resigned this position to accept an editorial chair on the Chicago Inter-Ocean. In 1876 he became managing editor of that paper, holding the position for several years. In 1883 he became connected with the Chicago News, and was thus engaged when ap pointed as Governor of Dakota. He has written plays and stories as well as many magazine articles. Mr. Pierce is a married man and the father of four children. What is a Useful Invention? The patentee of a machine by which tin horses raced one another aronnd a ring re oently sought to enjoin an infringement of the patent. It appears that the only nse to which the patent had been applied was to place them in saloons, bar-rooms and other drinking places, where the frequent ers of each places make wagers as to which of the toy horses wonld stop first. Jndge Blodgett, of the circuit coart, has decided in this case (Natioral Automatic Device Company against Lloyd) that the laws of the United States only authorize tbe issue of a patent for a new and nsefnl invention; that a useful invention is one that may be applied to some beneficial nse in society, in contradistinction to an invention which is injurious to the morals, health or good order of society; that the patent is not a useful device in that meaning of the word, its use so far having been pernicious and hurtful; and so the injonction was denied. AMARAL VALENTE. Brazilian Minister to the United States. Promptly after the revolution in Brazil Senor Valente was directed by the Provin cial Government to continue to act as Min ister from the government at Ri) Janeiro to that at Washington. He is thoroughly satisfied with the change which has made the Empire of Brazil into the United States of Brazil. It was only about two months ago that he became Special Envoy Extraor dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States, and also a delegate to the Pan American Congress Valente, who is generally known in Washington as Dr Valente, was born in the province of Ceara, in the year 1844. He was educated partly in Brazil and later in Germany and England. His prépara - ration for diplomatic work was ended with a coarse of reading in international law and common law. He was appointed to office in January, 1869, as attache of the Brazilian legation in Bolivia. Sebsequent ly he held the office of Secretary of Lega tion in Uruguay, and afterwards in Para guay. Thence he was promoted to Venez uela as Charge d'Affaires and from 1881 to 1886 he was Charge d'Affaires to the United States, with the exception of three months on leave of absence. He was next made Minister Resident to Bolivia, whence he was sent to Washington. The portrait is from a photograph just taken iu Washing ton. SALVADOR DE MENDONCA. The Republican Pioneer of Brazil Salvador de Meudonca, was born on July 21,1841, iu the province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He comes from one of the oldest Portuguese families residing in the empire, and is descended from the Drum monds of Scotland, the Hurtados de Men doza ot Spain, and tbe Menezese Vascon cllos of Portngal. Senor Mendonca was educated m Rio de Janeiro and graduated in law at the law college ot Saint Paul. At the age oi 24 he was professor of his tory in the college of Pedro II, at Rio de Janeiro. At the age of 20, in 1861, he began to write fi r the press. From 1867 to 1869 he wa8at the head of the daily paper Ypiranga, the organ of the Liberal party. In 1870 he began with Mr. Bocaynva to publish the Republica, the first daily organ ol Republi can ideas in Brazil, which started the or ganization of the party recently come into power and which has founded the United States of Brazil. In 1872 he retired (rom the daily press and devoted hie time to novel writing and literary collaboration, reviewing, etc. Two years after he fonnd himself at the side of his old friend, Gnin tino Bocaynva, now minister of foreign affairs, in the daily paper Olobo, of Rio de Janeiro. Illness compelled him to leave the press, and iu 1875 he was appointed consul general to the United States with headquarters in New York city. After serving as consul general of Brazil for four teen year, he was appointed last July en voy extraordinary and minister plenipoten tiary of Brazil at Washington on a special mission, and delegate to the international American congress. Three days after the fall of the Emperor, who knew always the Republican ideas of his consal general and had perfect confidence in his loyalty to the service of his country, Mr. Mendonca re ceived notice from his old friend that his powers had been renewed by the new ad ministration Legal Don'ts About Wills. Don't have anything uncertain in a will. Don't mention people by their nick names. Don't let a person interested be a wit ness. Don't neglect to declare it to be your last will and testament. Don't make a new will unless you re voke or destroy the old one. Don't make a will that does not provide for children that may be born. Don't try to force a wife to accept certain property instead of dower. Don't neglect to make your witnesses write their full names and addresses. Don't fail to specify which one is meant when two bear the same name. Don't add a codicil ulucss you execute it in the same way as the original will. Don't forget that, if a woman, your mar riage will invalidate a will already made. Don't allow a minor to will away per sonal property unless 18 if male and 16 if female. Don't imagine that the contents of a lost will may not be proved by good evidence. The World of Mines. The following new locations are noted by the Mining Buview for tbe week ending December 10th. Redemption lode, located in unorganized district, by Alonzo K. Prescott, et al. Louisiana lode, located in unorganized district, by Emil Bauman and Andreas Gideon. Dorn Pedro lode, located in Rock district, by Alonzo K. Prescott. Evans lode, located in Rock district, by Alonzo K. Prescott and Owen Evans. The Granite Gold lode, located in Seven Mile district, by J. P. Brusevitz. Placer location of twenty acres, located io unorganized district, in Sec. 30, Tp. 10, north range 5, west, by John C. Lynch. Placer location of twenty acres, located in unorganized district, on west bank Can yon Creek, 1J miles below the forks of Virginia and Canyon creeks, by S. E. Jacob. Placer location of about six acres, located in unorganized district, by Ernest F. Hahn. The smelter at Toston is to be enlarged, the necessary funds for the purpose now being negotiated for in England. The output of the Granite Mountain for the week ending December 5th, was fifty seven bars of bullion, containing 83,678 ounces fine silver and 187.2 onnees fine gold. r/c AX S - CHARLES E. SIL< OTT. The Absconding Cashier of the House. The above portrait of the Democratic cashier of the House of Representatives is a capital likeness af that absconding officer, who is now in Quebec with a large sum of stolen Government money in his pocket. Silcott, who was appointed from Yonngs town, Ohio, is abont 48 years old, and a married man with children. Before running away he paid all his hoasehold bills at Washington, and sent his wife $1 200. He was accompanied in his flight by a woman named Herminie Thibault, who is said to have shared his finances before she made up her mind to leave the country with him and assist him to spend his ill-gotten gains. Only a few days before his flight he won $2,500 in the pool-rooms at Wash ington, of which he gave her $500. She invested this hqd in a bank, bnt took it out before leaving with her paramour. The bulk of the loss falls primarily on the retiring sergeant-at-arms, John P. Leedcm, of Ohio, who has bondsmen. The cash taken was mainly for payment of salaries to Representatives in Congress. m éà & B ..... m m m V«. 88 » m w: Ù&lASS PR£& ^ JEFFERSON DAVIS. The Dead Chief of tbe Dead Con federacy. The portrait is from one of the latest photographs of the ex-chief of the ex confederacy, whose funeral at New Orleans to-day was conducted with great pomp, and largely attended by those prominently connected with him in the war of secession. Jefferson Davis was born in Kentncky in the year 1808. He received a military education at West Point, and entere i the regular army. When quite a yonng man he was elected to the House of Represent atives at Washington, where be was soon distinguished tor his graceful eloquence and ability. He was in a short time elected to the United States Senate, bnt resigned in order to take p»rt in the Mexican war, in which be acquired distinction as a sol dier. Davis was appointed Secretary of War by President Pierce in 1853. When James BuchaDao became President, in 1857, Mr. Davis took his seat as one of tbe United States Senators from Mississippi, which he occupied until he assumed tbe leadership of the confederacy. This was ratified by his election as its President, February 18, 1861. He was re-elected for six years, in 1862. In 1865 he was cap tured by federal soldiers, iu the attempt to escape after the fall of Richmond and the collapse of the confederacy. An imprison ment of two years in Fortress Monroe fol lowed- He was then released on bail, and set at 1 berty December 25, 1868, by the general amnesty of that date. First Match—You look like blazes. Second Match—Yon'd flare up, toe, if you'd been treated as I have. F. M.—What's the trouble? S. M.—A man just struck me.— New York Sun. si, ^ . ^ > v '" <:\ mà y- . Jf/t ■ A V.V REV. J. G. BUTLER, Elected Chaplain of the U. S. Senate Mr. Butler was Chaplain of the House of Representatives in the Forty-first, Forty second and Forty-third Congresses, pre vious to his appointment to his present office. He is a native of Cumberland, Md., but has been a resident of Washington ever since his appointment to his first pas torate, which was in that city. Mr. Butler is a Lutheran in denomination and a prom j inent writer and preacher of that faith. He was a staunch Union man at the period of the Southern secession, and in April, 1861, was appointed Chaplain of the Fifth Penn sylvania Volunteers This position he held until the virtual clcse of the war, when General Lee surrendered his army. He was afterwards made Chaplain of Union Hospital. Later he filled the same office in the Cliffburn and Lincoln hospitals. When he reaamtd the duties of the regular pastorate it was as minister in the Lather Place Memorial Church, at Washington, of which he was the founder. He still con tinues to preach in that noble edifice,which was erected in memory of the Restoration of the Union and the end of slavery in the United States. m 9 m. $ v, m m m S/Z. % A. G. MEN0CAL. Chief Engineer of the Oceanic Canal. Nicaragua Work has been begun, under the direction of the gentleman whose portrait we print, to complete communication by water be tween Brito, on the Pacific Ocean, to the harbor of Greytown, on the Atlantic. The distance between the two points is 170 miles, thirty miles of which must he ex cavated. Seven years will he taken in the work, which will cost $60,000,000. It is an American enterprise, sanctioned by Con gress. The most elementary knowledge of geography is convincing as to the great and permanent value to commerce which will result from the completion of the work. A. G. Menocal, chief engineer of the undertaking, was born in Havana. Cuba, forty-eight years ago. He graduated at the Polytechnic, Troy, New York, in 1862. Upon his return home he was made assist ant engineer of the Havana water works, and head engineer soon after. In 1869 he assumed a position in the Department of Public Works, New York. He spent parts of 1872 and 1873 in surveying in Nicaragua and reporting to Congress. Subsequently he was appointed Civil Engineer in the United States navy, with the rank of Lien tenant. Before 1879 he hail made two more surveys in Nicaragua. In that year he attended the International Canal Con gress, at Paris, where President Grevy de corated him with the cross of the Legion of Honor. He then made his fifth visit to Nicaragua. From 1881 to 1889 he has been consulting engineer of the Bureau of Yards and Locks of the Navy Department. Much of his time has been spent in work relating to the great scheme with which his name will ever be identified. Business is Business. [Philadelphia Inquirer.] The Terror —Pop, yon said if I was a good hoy all day you'd give me ten cents when you come home. Pop—Yes. Well, were you a good boy all day? The* Terror - I was a good hoy. Pop—How was it, then, that mamma had to whip von in the afternoon? The Terror—Well. I was good np to then. Thau was half the day. You ought to give me a nickel, anyhow. due Hundred Dollars for a Word. [Kearney Enterprise.] Dobson—These telegraph companies are rank monopolies. Only the other day a friend of mine paid $10 for ten words. Swan—That's nothing; it costs me $100 for a single word one day last week. Dobson—For heaven's sake, mar, you don't say so! Swan—Fact. My wife aekid for a seal skin, and I said, "Yes." HOW HAREMS ARE FILLED. Carrying Off Good-Looking Armenian Girls by Force. The polygamous Turkish beys and agas, whose hitherto regular supply of Circassian girls from the Cavcasus has been cut of irom them since the annexation of the province by Russia, have recourse now to a bold system of rape. They swoop down upon an Armenian village with their acoytes and carry off to their harems by main force as many good-looking girls and women as they can lay hands on. This is permitted to them, and the modus operandi by which she abduction of Armenian girls is rendered perfectly legal by the Moslem judges may be summed as fol lows: When the relatives present them selves in court to claim the abdneted vic tim the ravishers are ready with a brnoe of Moslem witnesses (100 coaid be produced if wanteJ), who declare on oath that the kidnapped woman pronounced in their presence the regular formula of the Mos lem faith—"There is nc God bnt God, and Mohammed is his prophet." The jndge therenpon dismisses the case on the ground that the stolen and ravished girl girl has by that profession abjured her former faith and embraced Mohammedism. And tha verdiet of these npright judges is not to be set aside —New Bedew. ' ' -, » ■ « W. H. MILBÜRN. The Blind Chaplain of the House of Representatives. William Henry Milbura, who is known as "the blind man eloquent," was born in Philadelphia, September 29, 1823. He was five years old when he lost completely the sight of one eye, and partially of the other. Notwithstanding the deprivation under which he suffered he applied himself to study with the intention of obtaing a thor ough education. While employed in a store in Illinois he fitted himself for col lege. He graduated after a four years' course, and at the age of twenty was re ceived into the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church. When Mr. Milburn was twenty-two years of age he was chosen chaplain to the Congress of the United States. In 1853-55 Mr. Milburn was again made chaplain to Congress, and the third time at the opening of the Forty-ninth Con gress. Two subsequent elections have con tinued him in the office. He left the min istry of the Methodist denomination for a time, and served as a clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal church; hut he re turned to the body in which he had been educated, and is the second time numbered among the Methodist clergy. Mr. Milburn is an eloquent lecturer, a scholarly and en tertaining man, and a successful author. A Million of Babies. Take your pencil and follow me, while we figure on what will happen to the 1,. 000,000 of babies that will have been bom iu the last million seconds. I believe that is about the average—"one every time the clock ticks." Odb year hence, if statistics don't belie ns, we will have lost 150,000 of these little "prides of the household." A year later 53,000 more will be keeping company with those who have gone before. At the end of the third year we find 20, 000 more have dropped by the wayside." The fourth year they have become rag ged little darlings, not nearly so suscepti ble to infantile diseases, only 8,000 having succumbed to the rigors imposed by the master By the time they have arrived at the age of twelve years but a paltry few hundred leave the track each year. After three score years have come aud gone we find less tronble in counting the army with whioh we started in the fall of 1889. Of the 1,000.000 with which we began our count bat 370,000 remain; 620,000 have gone the way of all the world, and the re maining few have forgotten they ever ex isted. At the end of eighty, or, taking oar mode of reckoning, by the year 1969, A.D., there are still 97,000 gray-haired, shak old grannies and grandfathers, toothless, hairless and happy. In the year 1984 our 1,000,000 with which we started in 1889, will have dwin dled to an insignificant 223 helpless old wrecks "stranded on the shores of time." In 1992 all but 17 have left this mon däne sphere forever while tbe last remain ing wreck will probably, in seeming thoughtlessness, watch the sands filter through the hour glass of time, and die in the year 1997 at the age of one hundred and eight. What a bounteous supply of fcod for re flection. Opposed to Experiments. Doctor (to Kentnckian)—Yes, you're a pretty sick m<*n, but there is hope for you yet. You want to try a water core. Bluegrass Patient (feebly)—Never, don't want to take any of these new fangled patent medicines. The remedies of nature are good enough for me. Give me whisky or give me death. Who Threw the Lantern? An old negro walking around the rail road curve toward Richmond after dark was startled by the flash of the headlight of the Yvashington night express, aud was found by his friends abont two farms away. On recovering consciousness his first ques tion was: "Fo' God, boss, who frew dat lantern?"