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TNHE ATVR HERALD. VOIL. 1, No. 2. HAVRE, OCOUTEAU COUNTY, MONTANA, WEDN&ESDAY, JULIY 13, 1904. $2.00 PER YEAB i- I- II III III III I I I i. 1 1_· i i I !_ .. .. . I lll The Havre Herald A. C. LENDER, PUBLISHER. .nthlered at the postofflce at Havre. Mon t ana. as sceondclass mail matter. NATIONAL TICKET lBy the unanimous vote of the con vention Judge Parker, of New York, was made tihe democratic nominee for president. Henry G. Davis, of West, Virginia, is his running mate. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES. The Democratic national con ven tion adopted the following fuiLlda mental principles as a part of their platform: "The application of these funda mental principles to the living issues of the day is the first step toward the assured peace, safety and progress of our natioi. Freedom of the press, conscience and speech; equality before t hlie law of all citizens; the right of trial by jury, freedom of the person defended by the writ of habeas corpus; liberty of personal contract, untram meled by sumptuary laws; supremacy of the civil over the military authority; a well disciplined militia; the separat ion of church and state; economy in expenditures, low taxes, that labor may be lightly burdened; prompt and sacred fulfillment, of public and pri vate obligations; fidelity to treaties, peace and friendship with all nations; entangling alliances with none; abso lute acquiescense in the will of the majority, the vital principle of repub liis; these are the doctrines which democracy has established asproverbs of the nation and they should be con stantly enforced. CAPITAL AND LABOR. We favor the enactment and ad ministration of laws giving labor and capital impartially their just rights. Capital and labor ought not to be en emies. Each is necessary to the other. Each has its rights, but the rights of labor are certainly no less "vested," no less "sacred" and no less "inaliena ble" than the rights of capital. One of the greatest strikes inr the history of this country is begun in cities where big packing plants are located. Forty-five thousand em ployes went on a strike Tuesday and the danger of a meat panic isevident. We wonder who designs all of the funny wall paper. MEN AND THEIR METHODS. We have just had a bicentennial of which little notice was taken by the general public. The two hundredth anniversary of the American press occurred in April last, alnd secured short notices from our great dailies. April 24, 1704, was t he starting of the first newspaper in the colonies, the Boston News-better. Itwas preceded by Publick Occurrences, asmall quarto sheet with one page blank, which ap peared in Boston in 1690, and was the first regulary printed publication of America. This sheet was soon sup pressed by the governor of Massachu setts for containing "reflexions of a very high nature." Therefore, to the News-Letter, which died in 1776, be longs the honor of being the leader of a stream from the press which has never ceased to increase in volume. At present the number of newspapers in the country is said to be over 21,000. The News-Letter was a small affair, 7 by 10+ inches, two columns to the page. Edited by John Campbell, post master of Boston, it was studiously neutral and avoided expressing any opinion or telling any fact which might give offense to powers that were. For fifteen years Boston pub lished the only newspaper in the col onies, Philadelphia following in 1719 and New York in 1725. It is curious that the Boston Gazette was issued on December 21, 1719, and the Phila delphia Weekly Mercury on December 22, 1719. With the appearance of the New England Courantin 1721, founded by James Franklin, the press began to show color, to make history. Ben Franklin says that his brother had begun to print it in 1720 or 1721. When James Franklin was forbidden to issue it the order was evaded by printing it in the name of Benjamin, just as when some astute legislators passed a law iagainst the playing of ninepins theic game of tenpins came into being. The first volume of the News-Letter is owned by the, New York Historical Society and was .riginally the property of Samuel Sewall, that entertaining Massachusetts julge who sentenced several "witches" io death during the excitement known as the Salem witch craft. Many of Sewall's copies of the News-Letter have comments on the margins in his handwriting. There are really four volut mes bound in the one book, the numbers running from the first one to April 19, 1708, and in this list of 209 numbers only--five are missing. Only one of her copy of the first number is known and that is owned by the Massac' . usetts Historical Society, but the latter has only eigh teen numbers of the first volume while the New York sociel y lacks but one copy, No. 27. A coll3ction owned by the American Ant iquarian Society begins with No. 3(. Vol. 1, No. 1 of the News-Letter contains two colurfnms of news from Europe, and the (,lly item of local in terest is the statement that a vessel recently arrived in Boston reported that it was cha.sed near Block Island by what was !t ought to be a French privateer. A most interesting item in the first, jlume is a brief obituary notice of the death of Peregrine White, fai ,ous in our history as the first whitr, male child born in New England. The news is under a date line frum Marshfield, Mass., of July 22, aind is as follows: Captain Peregrine White of this town, aged ei.'hty-three years and eight months, died the 20th inst. He was vigorous and of comely aspect to the last; was the son of Mr. William White and Susanna, his wife; born on board the Mayflower, Captain James, commander, in Cape Cod Harbour, November, 1620; was the first Englishman born in New England. Although he was in the former part of his life extravagant, yet was much reformed in his last years and died happily. This volume was presented to the New York society by the founder of the famous Bruce type foundry,George Bruce, who at the time had not per fected his improvements in stereoty ping which afterward made him fam ous, but was, as he designated him self, a printer. This was in 1805, when he was a journeyman. The New York Daily Advertiser's imprint reads: "Printed and published by George Bruce." He afterwardsta ted a book printing office and in 1818 erected the typefoundry.-Typograph ical Journal. CITY COUNCIL TAKES ACTION Plan to Embrace Montana Con cert Hall in City Limits. The city council met, in special ses sion Friday evening, the following al dermen being present. Ober, McIn tyre, Wright, Young and Smith; Mayor Newman presiding and J. W. Kelly, clerk. Bills were acted upon and treasur ers report of Daniel Boone was re ferred to the finance committee. On motion the clerk was instructed to notify Geo. T. Sanderson that a walk must be built opposite his prop erty on Second avenue within a peri od of thirty days. Mayor Newman announced that in order to carry out the wishes of the people who had elected him upon the platform of the Citizen's reform par ty, he had taken steps to bring the Montana Concert Hall under the jur isdiction of the city. That he had requested C. W. Young to allow the city to plat the ground on which the Concert Hall stands and bringit with in the city limits, that all saloons may be placed on an equal footing. That Mr. Young had refused to com ply with his request, and it was the intention of the city administration to harrass Mr. Young to the extent of making his business unprofitable in order to force him within the limit. Mayor Newman also stated that he found it for the best interests of Havre to order sporting women out side the city limits, and that they should not be permitted to reside For every Seventyfive Cents you spend with us you get a Dollar's Worth of clothing. We prefer to keep Spring Stock movilig and at any cost. We would rather count the money than inventory the stock. "THE HUB" LOCATED ON 4th STREET, within a quarter or a half mile of the city limits, and then in a location prescribed by the council The mayor was supported in this by four of the aldermen present. Mayor Newman asserted that this action was not a personal grievance against Mr. Young, but for the good morals of the city and a restriction on gambling. Mr. Young stated that the proper ty comprising the Montana Concert Hall was paying more revenue into the city treasury than the rest of the saloons combined; that should the ground be platted, he would be com pelled to go to the expense of putting in an alley, but that he would consid er the matter within the next three days and report at the council meet ing Tuesday night. The council decided to lay a tem porary walk from H. W. Gross' store to Peter DesRosier's store. On motion the night marshal was instructed to keep a close watch as to the time the electric lights were turned on and off, and report to the council. Meeting adjourned unt il Tuesday evening. The council again met Tuesday evening last and the sewer arid water system question was discussed. City Engineer Swearingen will pirstr.nt the plans and the lay of the system to the council at their next meeting for en dorsement. It is the admintsirra~ion's intention to start the work as soon as the bonds are sold. C. W. Young has consented to al low the city to plat the ground on which the Montana Concert hail is located. The suits pending over the arrest of sporting women were dismissed and the concert hall will run as hereto fore.