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Ate You Prepared for the Eal~es Conrvention. to Be Held June 25th, 26th and 27th. 1907.
& rH E HAVR HERALD" Vhe Mium A HANID IL( X). 2. PRINATS inI Territory J JX TIlE NEWS I VOL. IV.,, Ni. 14. HAVRE, CHOUTEAU COUNTY, MONT., FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 1907. $2.00 PER YAER. t-,~ , i DEATH OF LOVED ONE she following account of the death and funeral of Mrs. John Evans, sis ter to our townsmen Thos. W. and Al West, was given by the Aurora Daily Beacon of Friday, March 29th: °'Although aware of her illness, the community was shocked today to learn df the death of Mrs. John Evans of Sugar Grove which occurred at her home near that place at eleven o'elock last night. The many friends of the bereaved family will extend their heartfelt sympatly to them in their hour of affliction. The deceased was taken ill about a month ago but was able to be up and .about the. house. Two weeks ago 'she took- to her bed with an at tack :of typhoid fever. Since that time-she has been a very sick woman: Yesterday she did not improve and about nine o'clock last night she suf fered a hemmorhage. Two hours la ter -he passed away surrounded by the members of the family. "Nellie M. West was born in Kent, England, just twenty seven years ago Wednesday. She was the daugh ter -of Mr. ana Mrs. William West, who came to Sugar Grove twenty-two y-ears ago. The deceased has lived in: the vicinity of Sugar Grove ever sinee. September 21, 1896, she was married to John Evans :and they have lidd upon a arin in ~hat vicinity ainee their marriage. One child was born to them, a :son, ýFrandls,aged nine years. The husband, child and parents survive beside these brothers add sisters: Thomas and Alfred West, Havre, Montana; Edgar West, Du buque, Iowa; and Mfesdames Glen Booth of Big R.ck anti Kate Lorah of Surar Grove. 'he deceaesd was a meniber of the Royal Neighbors mand had been adtive in the work of the camp at Sugar Grove. She was very well known in this city, where the family has.a host of friends 'whlo will mourn her .untimely death.."` The funeral will be Theld ~onday morning at ten o'clock at the home andiat eleven o'elock at the Baptist church in Big Rock. Rev. .Ernest Wray Oneal, pastor of the First Methodist churoh of .Chicago, will conduct the services. The !interment will ibe in the Welsh ,eemetery south of Big Rock. Mayor McGinniss of Butte las been invited by Mayor McClellan off New York :and Andrew Carnegie to ad dress the national arbitration : and peace congress to be held "n New York April 14 to 17. The congress will be attended by Presideent Roose velt and all the big men off America. HELENA EAGLES ARE COMING Helena, ,April 8.-The Hi-elea Eagles are already agitating for a big dele gation to attend the annual eonvent ion to be held at Havre next June. They expect to have over 800 men in the parade, a~ll dressed alike, said ac companied by a band. The Montana. board of railroad ;com missioners wail go to Olympia, Wash ington, to meet the commissions of ,Oregon and Washington April 11th, .for the purpose of discussing the (northwestern situation generally; Persons who have been looking over .some of the laws passed at the recent session state that :many errors have been found which, an some cases, may invalidate the measures. Prominent amo g these is the new school law which places several ,of our large cit ies of ;the state in districts of the first class. According to the wording of this law,, as enrolled, it provided for the trustees to take office the first Monday in April, 1907, and so serve until the first Monday in April, 1899. Other laws as enrolled, show glaring errors, and it is declared some cf them were in the bills as introdacel, while others were mistakes in enrcl ibg. William Wallace, Jr., divlsi-n eoua sel of the Northern Pacific far Moat ana, has notified the s'ate railroad commission that the railway company intends to test the validity of the bill passed by the recent legislatdre limit ing the hours of the trainmen and telegraphers. As the law is one en tirely separate from the one creating the railroad' commission, that body will not take any action on Mr. Wal lace's a7pouncement, but will leave SURE TO DEVELOP INTO BIG PRODUCER It is.evident that the influence that makes things move, is the newspaper. In the -ast issue of the Herald, Havre was urged to take on a more -rapid pace and to take up the natural re sources that surround it and secure their .development in such magnitude as to not only redound to the reputa tion of the city, but to add to its material and permanent prosperity, gn already it would seem that the ad vocacy is bearing fruit, as the sug gestion that one of the resources that should be developed into an important industry is the coeal measure north of town, is taking shape in a way that promises the most speedy material Jzation. This coal deposit has been gouged at, more or less regularly for a good many years, but no intelligent devel opment orf working was undertaken until )he property was taken over a bout a year ago by the Havre Fuel company, which has prosecuted ex tensive and systematic development, and at the same time has been and is producing an average output of seventy-five tons ,,per day. This amount, however, seemed about the limit of its capacity, as the coal had to be hauled from. the mines to town, a distance of two miles, entailing an item of expense entirely unwarranted, by the gross material produced, and seldom warranted by even the better grades of .metalliferous ores. 'The members of the operating firm, how ever, have had ample faith in their coal property and have persisted in the development 'until they have ex posed the measure through many en tryways far ahead of the area of .act ive extraction, .and have proved that they have one of the most persistant and thickest veins of ffine domestic coal yet discovered in the state, or for that matter in .any of the coal zones of the Rociy ,mountain region; :and while they have been accomplishing this work, .they have been extracting coal, marketing it and making money. The coal lands of the company,.com prise one .thousand acres lying .orth of the eity and commencing just back of the banks eof the bench and ex tending north over the level :area, which it has been proved by the de velopment, is .entirely underlain with, a coal -seam running from six to seven feet in thickness. The country formation is shale and sandstone, the! former forming the roof and the lat ter the floor, or, as the quartz miner would say, the hanging and the foot wall, but the former designation; seems the more proper, as the seam lies perfctly flat in all the area of the later workings, and which is un doubtedly characteristic of the whole ground after the:surface has been pas sed. in the dhallower openings of the question to be handled by the legdl department of the state. Some seven or eight contracts for public land sunweys in Montana have been made, and the surveyors will soon take the field. Bids for ot:her surveys have been received and for warded to Waehiltgton, and other con tracts will be let. 4 A strike of hiark makers at the Kessler brickyard at Helena this week lasted just one day, when the demands of the employees for higher wages were granted and the trouble ended. Beginning this m.onth the three ,days' practice march will be taken up by the soldiers of the regular army in Montana. A similar march will be taken up each month. The soldiers will go in heavy marthing order, and wl1 pack their guns, amunition, bed ding, and rations. WAen the news of the. smelter em ploy.es strike at Great Falls and the conseg3ent shut down of tl~e Boston & M1ontana mines reached Butte, a committee including the Ilresident cf the miners' union, the execu ive boards of the western federaticn o(f mienrs and of the miiers' union, started the same night for Great F.lls After a stermy meeting of the three unions in Great Falls involved in t:'e strike, the men agreed to go to work again, ponding an interview with John D. Ryan, managing director off the Amalgamated Mining company, to be held Thursday, and the plant and the Butte mines have resumed work. This action.!s only that which the manage ment of the smelter asked the m-n to take in the first place, but which a few hot heads prevented. The Havre Herald, 23.00 per year. i The newsiestL paper in the county. Subscribe now, the seam the coal was five feet t'hick and not of as regular or as good qua lity, as is natural, *as that secured from the areas free from the effects of elements; but in the present area of development, where there is over a half million tons df coal opened and in readiness for extraction, the coal.has developed into the most desirable qua lity and the seam has widened into a steady variation between six- and sevven-feet n thickness, yielding be tween eight- and nine-thousand tone of coal to the acre, and making the coal content of the land holdings of the company -over six million tons. The quality of the coal is demons trates, by the analysis, which shows over forty pfer cent volatile combust •able matter, over forty-two per cent f`ied carbon, less than eight per cent of ash, and less than ten per cent of mristure. 'This makes a clean, quick burning coal that is easy to light, that lasts well and *does not cliniker and leaves but a small percentage of ash. A ,visit to the mines was a surprise, as the Iderald was not aware of or -did not appreciate the great amount of oevelopment and' improvement that 'had 'been going on under the manage •mentof the present owners. The sur -face equipment at the mines now con sists of two bunk houses, boarding ,house and stable; a tipple with a stor age capacity of 300 tons, and which is equipped with scales and automatic scse.ns; a steam hoist with 75-h. p. boiler capacity and steel cable that runs over the tipple and down the haulage incline to the center of the mine ,workings; and twenty-five mine cars, and all the sundry supplies ne esssary to the operation of the mines. There are three entryways and a dhift that penetrate the workings of tthe mine, -providing an abundant sup p:ly of fresh air to the remotest open ings that have been extended in the =coal seam. The entrees, commencing on the hillside at the coal blossom, 'follow the coal seam in and at slight notline for several hundred feet, where t.he:seam assumes an almost perfectly horizontal position, and which will evidently -be maintained throughout the -entire tract. The main haulage way is an incline driven through the country rock, affording a passage for the traffic of the mines that can not be disturbed or .interfered with by the activities of the mine workings. In the coal seam entryways,, rooms and crosscuts have been run in vari ous directions that aggregate a length of two miles and opening out and placing in readiness for immediate mining, over a half million tons of c.oal. These entryways and rooms are so located as to afford abundant work ing room for the number of men re quired to produce five hundred tons A' ý p ' EQUITY AND LABOR. The (Greatest Movement in the World's I-story. As ,~Wis recently rengark d in o r presence;by a gentleman of exp r'ence and intiligence, "The people o: this day are making history so f st that we cannetaget the latest page read un til another is thrust before us!" We need not refer to invention, any more than to human action and effort. Only a very few years ago, who 'woud have thought of -Society, of Government, State or National, the inherent power of all the people, asserting itself in the control of great corporate powers and aggregated wealth; cf Fayin:g to the railroads, You are common ca" riers, and, as such, you are at least semi-public, and in the exercise of private control, thus far mayest thou go and no farther; of saying to great packing concerns backed by more than millions, In what you do the public are concerned and the public shall know how you do it; of bringing to court and indicting almost a thousand times at a single sitting the greatest corporation ever known on earth-who co-ld have thought' of the possibility of such things only a few years ago? Now they crowd, upon the eye and ear with such startling rapidity and import as to be bewildering, And they are evolutionary rather than re volutionary, and all in the line of r.op ular rights and powers. of coal per day, the tonnage it is ex pected the mines will be producing a couple of months from now. While the Herald representative is not a coal or mine expert, the acres and acres of bright, black, clean coal standing exposed in the mine work ings, showing a thickness in the older workings of five feet and in tl:e new er workings a thickness of from six to seven feet, is satisfactory p;oof that Havre has a coal mine that can easi ly be made one of the greatest in dustries of the northern part (.f the state. The chief drawback to a larg er production is the team haul of two miles fromn the mine to the railway in town and the lack of proper power gravity loading facilities at this end. The Havre Fuel company is a priv ate co-partnership, the membership be ing Mr. G. J. Ayars, Mr. J. Strain and Mr. Frank F. Bossuot, all well known citizens of this city. These men have been doing their part in the develop ment at least of. this resource, and having proved their mine by placing a great amount of coal in readiness for mining, and with the work proved that the same seam of the most ex cellent coal underlies their entire lands, have decided to place the prop erty in position to produce at least five hundred tons daily and to place it on tthe cars for shipment in the condition demanded by the market and at the minimum cost, and to this end are incorporating under,. the laws of the state, making the capitalization the nominal amount of 250,000, and will place a small amount of guaran teed interest stock on sale for .the purpose of securing tthe money ne cessary to the establishment of the desired improvements. As the com party has been making money operat ing in the past, it is certain that with th'e improvements installed, which will .reduce" the cost of production and delivery at the railway $1.50 per ton, and the daily production increased six or seven times, the mines will turn out some handsome monthly profits, and that these, with the developed coal in the mine, the mine's great coal reserve, the present and the ad ded equipmnt, behind the small capit alization, will make the company stocks gilt-edge securities. The company that is being incor porated by the owners of the Havre Fuel company, will be styled the Havre Coal Mining Company, and it intends to construct a narrow gauge railway or steam tramway that will connect the mines with a modern shipping tipple to, be erected ;t its Great Northern side tracks in this city, and to install machines for min ing and equip the railway with 2-ton cars that will be loaded in the rooms where the coal is mined and be taken And very recently has been inau gurated a more surprising innovation still. Ever since there have been dis tinct classes of producers and consum ers, they have been held enemies of each other, business opponents. Though each felt its dependance upon the other, their interests were be lieved to be directly opposite-the pro ducers of the products ever demanding higher prices and the consumers of them as persistently seeking lower prices. Economists have believed and taught that in this matter society has an irrepressible and irreconcillable conflict. But Greed, unrelenting and inconsid erate greed, has upset the theories of the wise and set at naught the teach ing of the economists; and Equity has solved the problem that was thought to be unsolvable. These two classes have learned that, since they are de pendent upon each other, and that neither could exist without the other, they must, perforce, be friends. The new doctrine first took form at .Minneapolis when the American Fed eration of Labor and the American Society of Equity clasped hands c.n common ground. It has now crystaliz ed in action recently taken at Chicago between representatives of these two great bodies as exemplif:el below. The first document is a declaration of facts and a statement of the needs of such action, with an outline of how it can be done, made by a preliminary committee of the Chicago Federation of Labor. Then comes a constitution formulated by a joint conference of (Continued on Page Four.) directly to the tipple at the town terminals. This equipment will con sist of 100 tons of 30-pound rails, 7 thousand poundis of spikes, 8-hundred splice joints, 6-thousand ties, 1-hund red 2-ton mine-railway cars, a loco motive, the construction of the lail way and terminals, and the construct ion of a tipple that will have a con siderable storage capacity, and will be equipped with top scales for weigh ing the loaded mine cars and also for weighing the loaded railway cars, with automatic sortin'g screens that will separate the mine-run into lump, grate, egg, nut, pea and slack coals, making it ready for the varied de mands of an extensive market, auto matic loaders, etc. This equipment will place the property in shape to produce almost any daily tonnage, but for the present it is intended, when running under the new con ditions, to produce five hundred tons per day, for which amount there is now an assured market. This mark et, reaching from Spokane to Glasgow, have been proved by the placing of experimental shipments that have found the readiest sale and the quality of the coal has received the most un stinted praise. As the narrow gauge railway be tween the city and the mines will be in constant operation, it will not be necessary to maintain either lodging or boarding houses at the mines for the men employed, as they can live in town and go in and out on the mine cars. With the mine produc ing the daily output of five hundred tons, the men engaged in and about the property, as they work in coal mining, will add fully one thousand to the population of the city, and this will mean many additional residences and a very considerable patronage to every line of retail and professional business. In the past the company has had a payroll of something over $5,000 per month, but with the in creased production the payroll will be fully $20,000 per month, or approx imately a quarter of million dollars per annum. The articles of incorporation of the Havre Coal Mining company name Havre as the head office quarters. That the improvements of the coal mines and their speedy development into a great industry is assured, may be taken from the fact of the great property in sight, the well-known pro fitableness of the business, and the conservative and capable management of the corporation, it being certain that the small amount of stock offered for sale will be quickly taken by the citizens of Havre alone, not allowing any of it to go away from home. Subscribe for the Herald. FRIEND DUDLEY NEVER FORGETS Two well known Havreites visited at Boulder some days ago and while there met Mr. Dudley Axtell, one of the early editors of Havre, who is now editor and publisher of the Age Sentinel. Regarding the two ment ioned gentlemen the paper says: "W. J. Swanton, ex-mayor of Havre, is at Boulder Hot Springs this week. In the good old days when Havre was an embryo city and everyone was either a wellknown politician, states man, soldier or scion of nobility, each and every one of the good fellows of that 'cosmopolitan, metropolitan Neat of refinement, education and wealth' bore with honor befitting his liberali ty of mind and pocketbook, a title. In that holcyon period the distinguished gentleman who is now sojourning at this fashionable resort was known as 'Count' Swanton and no descendant of European nobility ever ref:ected more credit upon the community and himself than did he, whether in the cow-campl or kneeling at the shrine of fashionable society. "Judge Henry J. Meili of Havie came in Wednesday night and will re main at the Boulder Springs for a week. Mr. Meili is one of the best known democratic politicians in Mon tana and has numerous friends where ever he may chance to be. Coming from that rock-_:ibbed, all-wool te publican county of Chouteau, Judge Meilli has never wavered in his devo tion to the democratic principles but in season and out of season ,he has worked valiantly for the promulgation of those Jeffersonian principles so dear to the heart of every good de PIONEER AT R EST The following account of the death of Martin Holland, father of our townsman James G., appeared in Ihe Friend Telegram of Friday, April 5: Martin Holland died Saturday even ing, March 30th, 1907, at 9:30 o'clopk. Mr. Holland was born in Couity. Monrahan, Ireland, in October, 1132. He was marned at Jersey City, N. J., July 17th, 1853, to Miss Margaret I!c Mahon. They moved to Chicago, 1ll., about 1860, where he engaged in the lumber business, later they residied at Pontiac, Ill., from which place tley came to this state in 1878 and settled on the farm now owned by Jake Min ich, afterwards engaging in the lum ber business in Friend, which he g ve up on account of ill health and old age. He leaves three sons and three daughters: James of Havre, Molit., John J. of Belfey, Mont., and Martin of Orleans, Neb., and Mrs. M. J. Roche of Ord, Neb., Mrs. J. WV. Ferrell of Joliett, Mont., and Mrs. P. J. Sulliv an of Wray, Colo., all of whom were home. The funeral was held from the (,a tholic church of this city on Monday, of which he was a leading member, Rev. J. W. Crowe officiating and who in a neat sermon paid the deceased a very glowing compliment from a christian standpoint. All business houses were closed during the funeral. Martin Holland was well known a mong the people of this city. He had many friends and during his lifetime always had a pleasant word for all whom he chanced to meet. The aged, and 1ereaved wife goes with Mrs. Farrell of Joliett, Moit., where she will for a time at least make her home. The home in Friend will not be broken up, but will remain closed for the present. Out of the chill and the shadow Into the thrill and the shine; Out of the dearth and the famine Into the fulness divine. Up from the strife and the battle (Oft with the shameful defeat), Up to the palm and the laurel, Oh! but the rest will be sweet. Leaving the cloud and the tempest, Reaching the balm and the cheer, Finding the end of our sorrow, Finding the end of our fear. Seeing the face of the master Yearned for in 'distance and dream,' Oh! for that rapture of gladness! Oh, for that vision supreme! John O'Rourke, a pioneer placer miner of the state, and a large prop erty owner in Butte, died last Tuel day at Fresn., California. mocrat, and this without hope of re ward. It may be of interest to Jefferson county readers to recall that when Henry G. Rickerts of this county was nominated at Anaconda in 1898 for clerk of the state supreme court, Mr. Meili was his opponent, and that be gave Mr. Rickerts the race of hbi life. Judge Meili was the choice of his party for state senator last fall, and although perfidy among the democrats of that county hurt his candidacy, he received a handsome vote." HAVRE STRING FIEND DOES A HEAVY STUNT Butte and Helena papers on Tues day printed a dispatch from Havre to the effect that Congressman Pray was leading a party from Havre that had started to clear up the mystery of the disappearance of A. D. Gill, a rancher of Chouteau county, who had been missing since last fall, and who, it is thought had been fouly dealt with by remainders of the Curry gang. The story went on to tell that th0 party would also seek to round up the gang. Mayor Newman of Havre war in Great Falls the next day and told the Tribune that the whole story ex isted in the imagination of some "string fiend," that the foundaticn fod it consisted in the fact that two b:oth eds of Gill had come out from the east and were losking fo: tra es cf thi missing man, and had engaged a fewl pioneer residents who knew the count-i ry to assist in the search. Congr.es5 man Pray is still in Washington, The Snowstorm mine. n the Ceour d'Alene country, and largely owndl by Missoula parties, will soon de Clare another dividend of $45,000 making the total dividends to date $225,000.