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Off With Your Coats, All of- You. For the "City Beautiful"-The Eagles Come June 25, 26 and 27.
THE BEST The Paper That iAdvertis'g Medium lPRINTS JuHE HAVRE ERALD n Its Territory H A THE NEWS VOL. IV., No. 51. HAVRE, CHOUTEAU COUNTY, MONTANA, FRIDAY, JUNE 7. 1907. $2.00 PER YEAR. HAVRE KEEPS UP HOPE OF SAVING FORT ASSINNIBOINE Powerful Influences Come to the Aid of the City, but the Main Dependance is on the Work of Congress man C. N. Pray. It would not be fair to lead the public of Northern Montana to be lieve that Fort Assinniboine is to be saved to us, but powerful influences have promptly joined hands with Havre and there still rcmains hope. The exact status of the situation is that while Fort Assinniboine has "Last Day rf School" The county board of examiners will meet tomorrow (June 8) at the Hotel Havre to pass upon the written ans wers of the pupils of the county, who wrote on the uniform state examin ation for entrance to the high schools on May 16 and 17, and June 6 and 7, 1907. Names of the successful candidates will be published in the Herald next week. On Sunday evening, June 9th, Rev. Young will preach the Baccalaureate sermon to the Havre High School graduates in the M. E. church. The final examinations will be held in the Havre schools next week. The Havre High School Commence ment exercises will be held in Mc Intyre's opera house Wednesday even ing, June 12, '07. See program else where in these columns. County Attorney F. A. Carnal has offeied a prize of $20 in gold to the Havre High School graduate who, on the evening of the Commencement exercises delivers the best oration. The points of merit will be on a scale of 100 per cent, as follows: Pronunciation 10; enunciation 10; selection 10; general delivery 70; total 100. The children of the East Side school will hold their closing exercises in the High School Assembly hall on Thurs day, June 13, '07, commencing at 1:30 p. m. The children of the West Side build ing will hold appropriate exercises in the High School Assembly hall on the afternoon of Friday, June 14, 1907, 1:30 p. m. The High School Juniors will give a reception in honor of the Havre High School seniors at the Hotel Havre, on Friday evening, June 14th. Hear Dr. Craig, president of the Unniversity of Montana, on Wednes day evening, June 12, 1907, at the Commencement exercises. County Superintendent of School, Miss Atkinson will give a short talk at the commencement exercises. Program of the Havre High school Commencement exercises to be held in McIntyre's opera house, Wednes day evening, June 12, 1907. Music .... ..Havre City Orchcstra Song.. .. .."With Hearts of Hope" High School Sextette Invocation........ .. ..Rev. Young Piano Solo-"La Cascade".. ..Bauer Mrs. R. X. Lewis Song-"Down Where the Silvery. Mo hawk Flows"..Miss Phylis Smith Mrs. R. X. Lewis, Pianist Reading ............ Selected Mrs. W. B. Young Vocal Solo .... "The Promise of Life" Mrs. D. M. Wright "The Raising of the American Stand ard............ Imogene Allen Overture-"Pique Dance"..F. V. Suppe' Dr. and Mrs. Gordon (Continued on Page three.) been posted for abandonment and ordered into the hands of a caretaker "until such time as the buildings can be disposed of," the order is not yet effective and no date has been set, for the removal of the first squadron of the Second cavalry now occupying the post. In the meantime, pretest after protest is going forward to Washing ton from every city in Chouteau coun ty and a notable assistance is loaned Havre by the commercial bodies of Great Falls, a totally unexpected re source of help. Minnesota's senat ors, congressmen and commercial bod ies are also up in arms as the order that consigns Assinniboine to oblivion also contemplates the practical aband onment of Fort Snelling, which for over a quarter of a century has been the headquarters of the Department of the Dakotas. The effort of the Minnesota powers is equally directed to the saving of Assinniboine, though little has been said in the dispatches about Forts Keogh and Yellowstone. It appears to be generally accepted WATCHWORD OF NORTHERN MONTANA, "PROGRESS" GROWTH IS NEAR HAVRE It is doubtful whether many of us, even those who study the trend of events, realize how rapidly our north ern range is transforming into a farm country. The proof of the pudding is in the eating. The business of the Great Falls land district has become unbearably heavy and Satur day last saw the opening of a new land office in Glasgow, Valley county, that will have jurisdiction over all of Valley county and of a large strip of eastern Chouteau county. ' Statis tics of the general land office show that outside a portion of Oklahoma, Valley county has beaten all records for rapid settlement for two decades. The movement is westward. Practically all the land around Cul bertson, where but two short years ago nothing grew but bunch grass and grease wood and nothing ranged but the fierce steer and the festive cowboy -practically all of this land is now being tickled by the plow and en couraged by the harrow. Settlement has extended sixty miles from the Great Northern railroad. There is little land left for settlement east of the Chouteau county line, and, so, an other season will bring these thous ands of settlers farther along Milk River valley, at least to Saco, perhaps as far as Havre. And this settlement will go on whether the government shall have by that time perfectd its great irrigation plan, or not. The government, all men of sense have often observed, Is something like the Lord, and often (Continued on Page Eight.) VALLEY COUNTY OOM ATTRACTIVE James Kehoe, formerly deputy sher iff of Havre township and for a long time proprietor of tonsorial parlors in this city, who is at the present the popular boniface of Hotel Overland in Fort Benten, has entered on a new business venture. He was in the city this morning on his way to Culbert son, where he completed the purchace of the Evans hotel. He says that the recent growth in population in and a bout Culbertson is nothing short of phenominal and cannot be appreciat ed without a visit to that region. Over thirteen full sections of land in the Culbertson district have been filed upon and settled, the majority of the settlers having families, within the two past spring months. "Without a doubt," says Mr. Kehoe who is an old timer and student of Northern Montana development, "this rapid influx of new settlers means their speeding toward Havre, even by the people of Miles City that these forts must go. Major General McCaskey, command ing the Department of the Dakotas, has put himself on record in an inter,. view as being opposed to the an nounced policy of the war department in abandoning either Snelling or As sinniboine. Congressman-elect Pray, fortified with protests from all over Montana, is awaiting an audience with the president, believing it useless to waste time with any of the lesser lights. Nevertheless, as perhaps, the most encouraging fact about the situ ation, it may be noted that Secretary of War Taft has held the execution of his order in abeyance upon the pro test of Senator Clapp of Minnesota, and has promised to confer with the senator in Minneapolis before having further definite action taken. It is quite probable that Secretary Taft on this occasion will be con fronted by a large protesting delega tion made up from several Northern Montana cities. The organization of such a delegation is now in contemp SPEED FAST COAL ROAD During the past week work on the grade of the electric tramway from the coal mines to the tipple site at the bench north of town has been progressing nicely and the deep cut at the crest of the bench is nearly completed. The tipple and coal bunker building will be constructed on a series of foundations running up the bench bank and the rock excav ations for these will be commenced the first of the week. The construct ion of the standard gauge spur from the railwaay company sidetracks to the tipple will commence just as soon as the material for the track and the river bridge can be shipped in. Mr. Costello, who is the head of the Great Northern Industrial department, was in the city on Sunday and spent the afternoon going through the work ings of the mines and examining the project as planned by the coal com pany, and in response to the query of a Herald man, said: "'My interest in the proposition was awakened by the articles published in your local papers, but when I went through the workings of the mines, I was sur prised at their extent and the large quantity of coal that has been put in readiness for extraction, and the constant character and width of the coal seam and the quality of the coal, and all the conditions surrounding the property and its operation make it a model mine and one that will prove a great industrial institution for Havi e when it is put in operation under the modern methods proposed. While I (Continued on Page Three.) WILL YOUR FLAG BE FLYING THEN? "In the stress of the race for ascendancy in every avenue of life's endeavor, it is both fitting and beneficial for cur people to pause and give thought to things other than those which make for dom inance in commercialism. It is well to devote an interval to the thought of those things that lie deeper in the fabric of our national existence, without which it were impossible for our great nation to . have attained its present proud estate. "It is, then, peculiarly fitting that we give heed to the recurrence of the anniversary of the adoption of the stars and stripes as the na tion's emblem, and I do hereby, in accordance with. a praisworthy cus tom that has obtained for the past decade, proclaim Friday, June 14, 1907, as Flag Day, this being the one hundred and thirteenth anniversary of the adoption of the flag, and I earnestly recommend an observ ance of the day by all patriotic citizens of Montana. Whenever pos sible, let the pupils of our schools be assembled for appropriate ex ercises and let those in official and private life display on public build ings and at their homes the national colors, to the end that we may be reminded afresh of the principles of liberty, truth and justice, for which the banner stands, and that we may again give express on to our patriotic reverence for our allegiance to the glorious emblem. "By the governor, "A. N. YODER, Secy. of State. " JOSEPH K. TOOLE, Governor. fi i 4 lation by the Havre Industrial asso cilation and Great Falls, Chinook, Har lem, Malta and Glasgow have a! ready volunteered hearty co-oper:ation in action taken to save the fort to the people of Northq~n Montana. In his explanation accorded Senator Clapp regarding the proposed aband onment of Fort Assinniboine, Secre tary of War Taft says: "So far as the cavalry at Forts Assinniboine and Keogh is concerned, the absence of troops in Cuba and the necessity for concentrating squdrons into regi ments requires the removal of these squdrous. which has long been con templated." Secretary Taft shows thus that it is still the fixed mind of the department to abandon Assinni boine and that the outlook is not en couraging despite "the long pull, the hard pull and the pull altogether" that is being made by Northern Mont ana, assisted by North Dakota and Minnesota friends. Nothing has been heard during the week from Oily Tom and Senator Dixon also preserves a grave silence. Despite all the ROAD'S EYE ON HAVRE Just as an instance of what is go i"g on about Havre this week and that. ew citizens probably reason albly appreciate is the visit of Assit ant General Traffic Manager Ken :,ey, and Industrial Agent M. J. Co: cllo, of the Great Northern de v,!.?; aient forces. They have made a thorcugh survey of the developing coal lands, and, in addition went out Tue:day with L. K. Devlin to investi gate the cement deposits. They were frank to say that in their opinion neither the coal nor the cement in vestors had made a mistake. While the coal development is going along more rapidly than is that of the cement beds these students of Mont ana advancement are enthusiastic to declare that the cement lay-out will in the long run prove of greatest i moment to Havre. "Here we find," says Mr. Kenny, "a storehouse of buildirg material comfortable to the locality in which it is to be needed-in easy reaching I distance of the Dakotas, of all Mont ana, of the neck of Idaho and even 1 of Oregon and Washington. We, of course, can make no promises, ex- t cept that our recommendation regard- E ing the Havre coal fields and cement fields will be favorable, and we have E little doubt that our company will t hereafter pay a closer attention to t your city, It strikes us that when Louis W. Hill gave the grant of land N for the city park now established, he c already understood fairly well the po- t tentialities of Havre. t (Continued on Page Three.) promises that have been made Htavre by these gentlemen in the last two years, twice on the occasion of visits, there appears no hope of securing any assistance for Assinniboine from them unless the republican press and as sociated cohorts shall wield a bigger Big Stick than they so far appear in clined to arm themselves with. The far hope that Congressman-elect Pray can get President Roosevelt to inter fere in the behalf of Assinniboine ap pears to be the best hope that North ern Montana has at this writing. As indicative of the spirit animat ing Northern Montana, there is reas on to rejoice whether the fort is sav ed to the section or not, for the dang er to Havre seems as if in a day to have knit the whole region into closer sympathy, alignment and effort. Pet ty jealousies have paused if they have not been forgotten. Think of a few short years ago and then wit ness this from the editorial columns of the Great Falls Daily Tribune of June 1: "It is pleasant to be able to deny STILL PUSH MARIAS AIM The project for the Marias diversion in the Milk river irrigation plans of the government has by :no means been abandoned, despite the opposit ion of the engineers in charge and the aloofness of the Milk River Un ited Irrigation association and the Havre Industrial association. W. T. Cowan of Box Elder was in the city Wednesday boosting the Marias pro ject and making arrangements for a mass meeting some time during the summer which will form an organiza tion from all the towns in the terri tory interested for the purpose of further urging a change in the pro ject. In an interview accorded the Herald this weeek Mr. Cowan sheds consider able new light on the plans of those interested in the Marias diversion, and which may make it taken to in Milk River valley more fondly than it has been in the past. "It is a mistaken idea held by many misinformed persons that the Marias diversion is to rob the lower Milk River valley of the benefits of gov ernment irrigation. On the contrary the plans as arranged by the promot ers of this Marias project provide for a dam that shall turn an ample am ount of water into Big Sandy and that by that stream be carried along to the confluence with the Milk. "The status is this, so far as we who are urging the Marias project can see it: Cyrus C. Babb told us at the Harlem conference last January that the proposed Chain Lakes dam, (Continued on Page Eight.) HAVRE POSTAL BUSINESS GROWS Facts speak beyond quibble. More of the progress of Havre was yester day notably and welcomely shown by the intsruction to Postmaster Thomas A. McKenzie from Washington that the Havre postoffice, by reason of the annual increas in business had been raised to the second class position and was in line to organize a free delivery system, should that be deemed advi3 able. Last year but five other postoffices in all Montana showed the proportion ate growth in the postoffice business that did Havre. These were Butte, Helena, Missoula, Lewistcwn and Red Lodge. Nct even Billings, with all its phenominal growth, has the same rec ord of progress so far as the postoffiti affairs are concerned and these are generally a fair idnex of the business and industrial conditions of any com munity. the report, sent out by the Associated Press, that the war department ha'd ordered the abandonment of Fort As sinniboine, but those who desire the maintenance of that post must not consider the danger past. 'There is every indication that it is the purpose of the department to abandon two or more of the forts in Montana, and it is up to the people of northern Montana to stir up a row that will result in the maintenance of Assinniboine as a military post and i.s enlargement to a brigade post. -There is to be a brigade post in Montana. It will be idle for Mon tana, people to protest against the abandonment of c(ert :in posts in the state. What they must do is to con vince those in authority that Assinni boine should not be abandoned. The officers of the war department are seeking information, and the inform ation concerning Fort Assinniborng must be furnished by the ;, -opl, of northern Montana. 'Every community in northern (Continued on Page Five.) i ... .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . Call Uncle Sam Down The following notice was sent out today by L. Newman, president of the Milk River Irrigation associati(.n, to the executive committee of the as sociation, the membership of which is located in all the towns in Milk River valley: "In view of the deplorable state of affairs existing in the Milk River val leyandNorthern Montana, due to the inactivity of the reclamation service and apparent indisposition on the part of our national government to promote the interests cf the valley by giving the Milk river irrigation project proper attention, and after an expressed desire by a number of executive men of our association, a meeting of the executive committe is hereby called, to be held at Malta, Mont., June 10, at 1 p. m., at the of fice of P. W. Brockway." In speaking of the probable action that might be taken by the executive committee of the association, Piesid ent Newman states in an authorized interview that: "The entire popula tion of the Milk River valley is in censed at the treatment received at the hands of the government in con nection with the Milk river irrigation project." "This disappointment," says the pre sident of the irrigation association, "is not nearly so great on account of the seeming lack of proper progress in the completion of the project by the government as it is that indivi duals under existing statutes and re gulations are prevented from com pleting their own natural irrigation improvements "Very peculiar hardships are being imposed upon the people of this great valley by the government; it does not seem to be able to make gcod speed in doing aanything for the valley and it will not allow the people to do anything for themselves. Since 1'02 many settlers have located on the lands of the valley and have made the necessary improvements under the law; none of these can now get a patent for the land on account of the reclamation law which has so far fail ed to reclaim." Continuing in his interview with the Herald, President Newman makes this" broad declaration: "'The opinion is prevalent in the Milk river valley that simply with the expenditure already made by the gov ernment at the headwaters of the pro posed reclamation work, a EyEtem should have been devised and oper ated by which enough of the floodwat ers of the spring couud be conserved to irrigate the entire valley." "The money already expended by the peo ple in the valley in individual effort to have the government proceed with the the larger irrigation project, and in assisting the government to overcome legal obstacles, would have reclaimed thousands of acres of land if the peo ple of the valley had been at liberty (Continued on Page Three.)