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DR. W. F. HAMILTON, Physician and Surgeon. Office in Gussenhoven Block. Havre. - Montana. DR. A. E. WILLIAM s, Physician and Surgeon Opposite Hotel Havre. Havre, - Montana. ALMAB & McKENZIE, Physicians & Surgeons. Office in Oxford Bld. Havre, - Montana. GENTRY & RosE, Attorneys at Law. Office in Skylstead Building. Havre, . Montana. DR.. J. A. WRIGHT, . . ..........Dentist Office in Oxford B!d. Havre. - Montana. DR. J. A. GORDON, Resident Dentist Office in Burke Bld. Telephone No. 75 Havre, Montana. WILLIAM B PYPER, United States Commissioner Notary Public. Justice of the Peace Skylstead Building. R. E. HAMMOND, Attorney and Counsellor at Law Room 19 and 20 Gussenhoven Bid. Next to Hotel Havre. Havre, - Montana. ED M. ALLEN, Justice of the Peace Notary Public. Office opposite Securety Bank. Havre, - Montana. e JOHN C. DUFF, ...... Land Attorney t Land Contests and Appeal Cases a Specialty. Land Scrip for Sale at t Lowest Market Price. t JAMES HOLLAND Licensed Undertaker and Embalmer. Lady Assistant. ails attended promuly, day or night. Havre, Mort. E. FRANK SAYRE, ABSTRACTER OF TITLES FORT BENTON, MONT. Office Franklin Street, opposite the Court House, Orders for Abstracts promptly filled HAVRE HOTEL BARBER SHOP Latest Appliances Everythimg up-to-date. First Class Work SMITII & WILLEMS, Props. Havre. - - Montana. GEO. W. VENNUM, COMMISSION BROKER, Real Estate and Live Stock a Specialty. Harlem, - - Montana. W. S. TOWNER, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Fort Benton, - Montana. LLOYD G. SMITH SURVEYOR and CIVIL EN GINEER Close Attention Given to Ir rigation Work. Chinook, Montana THE HERALD Prints all the " News When it is News.. .. Per Year Cash in , Advance...... .VV SMELTING A TOWN. All Its Houses Built of Bricks of Gold and Silver Ore. One reads of romantic castles of sil ver and palaces of gold, but they are the dreams of fiction. Now they have discovered something as strange on the map of Mexico. The buildings of a whole town have been bought at so much a ton, based on assays from the adobe walls, which give gold and silver values. ThB town is GuanaJuato's Iuburb, Tepetapa, at a value of about $30,000 Mexican currency. The value of this little town was re vealed when the Mexican Central de cided to build into the city of Guana Juato and to establish a station there. It was found necessary to tear down about 300 buildings which had been built of the slimes produced by the grinding of ores from the numerous mines of the district. Straw was mixed with the slime to make the adobe bricks. When it became known that the Cen tral would have to tear down these houses an enterprising ore buying company asked for permission to as say ore taken from the buildings. This was granted, and samples were picked from the walls at various heights and on various sides of the buildings, the assays running in value from $8 to $24 a ton in gold and silver. The values averaged about $8 gold a ton. As the buildings were built in vari ous bonanza epochs, it was found that the values varied to a large extent. For instance, a wall on one side of a house would assay a low value, where as a wall on the other side, built at an earlier or later time, would assay a high value. A man's kitchen might assay 60 cents a ton and his parlor $50. That the walls are found to contain more gold than silver values is due to the fact that the old patio process of treating the ores was more effective in extracting silver than gold values, and the slimes left were richer in gold than silver. It will be harder to build such a town in the future, as the camp is now fitted out with modern appliances for treating ores.-Mexican Herald. Swiss Shoemakers. Swiss shoemakers work ten to twelve hours a day. "The factory workman," says Special Agent Arthur B. Butman In a United States government report, "Is required during the summer to begin his labor at 4:30 or 5 a. m. This early hour is demanded in order that the fresh energies of the workers may be obtained by the employer, as near ly all artisans are engaged to a great er or less degree in agriculture for per sonal benefit. During the winter sea son work in factories commences at 6 o'clock. Fifteen and twenty minute rests are allowed at 9 and 4 o'clock respectively, when refreshments of beer and bread are taken. From one to one and one-half hours are allowed for dinner. The principal food of Swiss shoemakers consists of bologna, bread and cheese, with beer; fresh meat is seldom eaten unless on feast days; soups are served on Sundays." Kipling as an Art Critic. As an after dinner speaker the au thor of "The Absentminded Beggar" Is, even his most ardent admirers will con fess, not a success. As an art critic he has pretensions. His friend Baden Powell thinks himself something of an artist and is an assiduous member of the London Sketch club. "To see him there," says a writer in the Grand Magazine, "struggling with pencil and water colors one would think he cared more for artistic than military re nown." Upon one of the gallant sol dier's artistic triumphs the novelist has written two verses. One runs as fol lows: This is the ocean bright and blue With the Dunedin Castle plowing through, But if you turn it upside down It is the veldt so bright and brown. The other has been lost to posterity. Westminster Gazette. A Nast Cartoon. Among the people who attended the recent sale in New York of the Thom as Nast cartoons was a man who had called on the cartoonist years ago at his home in Morristown for the pur pose of seeing and talking to the art ist, for whom he had great admira tion. In the course of the pleasant in terview the visitor expressed a desire to buy a rough sketch of a cartoon showing Boulanger receiving the re sult of the French elections in which the general had been defeated. Nast said that he thought too much of it to part with the sketch. When lot No. 185 was put up it was recognized as the coveted cartoon, and the man who could not buy it a few years ago at any price bid $2 and secured the plc ture. Manchuria's Wooden Plows. The large and fertile fields of Man churia are tilled with wooden plows. The vast number of well made carts that are turned out are constructed with crude tools, laboriously fashioned In the local blacksmith shop, and a day is taken to put in shape iron fittings that an expert machinist with good cold chisel and emery wheel would fin ish In half an hour. Labor is cheap, but foreign inventions are creeping in. A Sacred National Hymn. The national hymn of Mexico is so sacred that on a recent Sunday the: archbishop of Guillo was arrested, jailed and fined for having It played in his church. Even at bull fights a per mit Is necessary before the band can strike up this tune. THE FALL OF NATIONS How Great World Powers Htve Passed Into History. MOST HAVE DIED FIGHTING. I'he Struggle Between the Empire of the East and the Empire of the West. Venice, Its Secret Three and Its Long Reign of Terror. Most countries which have died have gone down fighting. The Roman em pire perished like that, and by the irony of fate the power of the Caesars came to an end far away from Rome. After it had existed for centuries the Roman empire became so vast and un wieldy that it had to be divided into two, the empire of the west and the empire of the east. The capital of the former was Rome The empire of the west became so weak at last that it could make no stand against its enemies. Rome was sacked by the barbarians and eventu ally became not the capital of a vast empire, but the city of the popes, ove which the pontiffs reigned as king The temporal power of the popes la' ed till 1870, while the capital of Ital. was first Turin and then Milan. I'inal ly the city was taken without a real fight by the soldiers of the king of Italy. The empire of the east had its capi tal at Constantinople. For centuries it was the greatest power in the world. But it became honeycombed with vice and enervated with pride and luxury; also it grew old and weak. Then in 1422 the Turks made a tigerish spring on Constantinople and took it by storm. The last of the Greek emperors died sword in hand, and his descendants are living in England today in very humble situations. humble situations. Egypt, once so powerful and so fa mous under the pharaohs, was con quered by Rome and was afterward swamped by the Moslems. The cres cent was supreme in the land of the Nile, and the aforetime haughty Egyp tians were slaves for a thousand years. The great moguls used to reign in India. In the days of Queen Elizabeth the mogul-or emperor of Delhi, as he was sometimes called-was so power ful that he thought it a vast conde scension on his part to receive an em bassy from the maiden queen. But as time went on the great rajahs, or tributary kings, rebelled against the moguls. India was rent asunder by the wars between rival rajahs. This gave the Europeans a chance. France at first held the upper hand and nearly conquered the land, but then England drove France back and seized the empire of the great moguls for herself. The heir of the moguls, by the way, still enjoys a pension given by the British government as a com pensation for the throne lost by his an cestors. Poland used to occupy a big place on the map of Europe. At one time it was much larger and stronger than Russia. The czar of Russia and the emperor of Austria were only too glad to be on good terms with the king of Poland, and there was no king of Prussia in those days. Noble adventurers from all parts of the world flocked to the Polish capital at Warsaw, eager to serve in the Pol ish armies. The Duke of Monmouth. son of King Charles II. of England, thought of doing this. But Poland perished through her own faults and follies. The mass of the common people were slaves in all but name. They were not allowed to move from one part of the country to another without leave, they could not own a foot of land, and they could never be sure that they might not be sold by the great noble they served to a new master; hence the nobles and the people never stood together in times of danger or disaster. Poland was a big country, but it was divided against itself, and Russia, Prussia and Austria combined were more powerful. They all three joined hands, and each took a large share of Poland in 1772. That was the "first partition of Poland." The Poles sub mitted tamely, for they were still di vided. vided. In 1793 the trio of robbers made a second swoop. Only the ghost of Po land was left. Another year saw the end of the tragedy. The last rem nants of Poland were swallowed up by Russia, Prussia and Austria. The fate of the republic of Venice is one of the most dramatic in all history. For hundreds of years the City of the Lagoons was one of the most powerful states in the world. Its doges ranked as the equals of the proudest kings. Its alliance was coveted by the great est powers. Its government was one of sheer terrorism. The doge was hardly more than a splendid figure head. All real power rested in the hands of the dreaded council of ten and the secret three. The latter were a trio of living mysteries and were known by name to practically no one in Venice. Sometimes a man was one of the secret three and his own wife and chil dren never dreamed it. Their most dreaded servants were masked mutes. If a Venetian, no matter how high his rank, was denounced by the council of ten or the secret three, he knew he 'was no better than a dead man. So the government of Venice was a terror to its own people and the outside world. Then Napoleon came upon the scene, and "the lion of St. Mark licked_ the dust."-Pearson's Weekly. "I have generally found that the man who is good at an excuse is good for nothing else," said Franklin to a servant who was always late, but al ways ready with an excuse. FOR THE HOUSEWIFE Books and Their eCae. Exppsing books to the heat of a fire warps the binding. Corners should not be turned down or leaves folded in halves. Dragging a book out from the shelf by the binding at the top is hurtful. If books are wedged too tight ly in a case they become shabby. Bookcases should not be placed against outside walls on account of the prob able damp. A bookmarker should be thin; a pencil or thick substance dis places the leaves. A blunt knife of wood, ivory, bone or metal should be used for cutting new books, not a sharp instrument. Delicious Bread Stumps. To a quart of freshly grated bread. crumbs add a teaspoonful of salt, a saltspoonful of pepper and a teaspoon ful if powdered sage or other pre ferred sweet herbs. Bring two-thirds of a cupful of milk almost to a boil, add two-thiPds of a cupful of butter, take from the stove and stir until the butter is melted, add two eggs beaten well with a tablespoonful of water and pour the mixture over the bread crumbs. When thoroughly mixed put into the poultry, allowing ample room for swelling. For the Skin. Almond whitener may be used in place of cream every night. It is per fectly harmless and will keep the skin smooth and white. Prepare as follows: Put one-half ounce of quince seed to soak in half a cup of water; let stand six hours, stirring frequently. Add half a cup. of alcohol; let stand and stir as before. Strain and add one-half ounce strained honey, one-half ounce blanched sweet almonds ground to a paste, one-half ounce glycerin and thirty drops of benzoin. Obstinate Bureau Draweas. When the drawers of bureaus, ta bles or other furniture stick or can not be opened or shut without difflcul ty try wetting the surface of a piece of common soap and rub it over the parts that stick. This will make the wood slippery, and in most cases the trouble will be remedied. This is also a rem. edy for doors which in new houses are likely to settle or apt to scrape at the top as the building settles. Use soap on them, and it will save the trouble of calling in a carpenter. A Wash Boiler Attachment. One of the latest household utensils recently patented is a wash boiler drainer, an adjunct to the wash boiler. Its object is to facilitate the placing of clothes in a wash boiler and also to CLOTHES DRAINER. aid in removing them. The drainer is made of wire, the mesh being very large. It is shaped to fit into the or dinary wash boiler, with handles at each end, as shown in the illustration. The frame is divided into four sec tions, which can be readily taken apart and the drainer folded into a small package. The advantage of the d;aner will be apparent at once. The clothes to be washed can be easily hansled, being placed in or removed from the wash boiler with practically no trouble. A further advantage lies in the fact that the clothes can be raised out of the boiling water and allowed to drain before handling, thus avoiding danger of scalding the hands. Cashmere Chutney. For two pounds of tart apples, peel ed and quartered, allow two of sugar, one each of dates and raisins, seeded and chopped; quarter of a pound of ginger, chopped and pounded; half an ounce of garlic, two tablespoonfuls of salt and vinegar to cover. Boil the fruit in vinegar to cover, cutting the dates in small pieces. When soft add spices, cook ten minutes longer and 811 into wide mouthed bottles, corking tightly. Household Notes. Cheap kerosene used in cleaning win dows will make them smeary. Dish towels should be washed and hung in the sun to dry after each using. If suet which is to be chopped is first sprinkled with ground rice it will chop more easily. Dried and hardened lemons will be come quite soft again if allowed to soak in cold water for a time. Polish For Brass. The following mixture is good for polishing brass: Two ounces of best prepared chalk, one ounce oxalic acid, two ounces of benzine and one ounce of turpentine. Thoroughly mix the acd, turpentine and benzine and then add the chalk. Lotion For Freckles. One dram of compound tincture of benzoln, one-half dram of glycerin and three ounces of rosewater. Patronize Home Industry SMOKE The King Bee CIGAR MADE IN HAVRE - - UNION MADE HANDLED BY ALL DEALERS CHAS. H. R.OTHROCK Cigar Manufacturer HAVRE MONTANA Also Manufacturer of High Grade Havana Cigars The Handsomest Horse in Montana .,.i; .-. . . .... ,,.. ''.-', ·-.·- : Chief of the Hills 57251 Foaled 1903 by Dan Hope 20838; Bre by T. P. STRODE, Whitlash, Montana : : I Will the season to a limited number of mares at my barn Stand in Havre, Montana : ::::: : : : : : TERIVIS: $10.00 for Single Service; $15.00 for the Season WM. J. SWANTON, Havre, Montana.+ H. W. GROSS * icensed Under taker & Em balmer Tinner and Sheet Metal Worker... Roofingds of Telephone No. 10 HAVRE, MONT, Doctor Ennis Dark Bay Stallion, nine years old, by Woodford Wilkes, 2528 sire of 60 in 2:30 list Dan Morine By Lookheart 6864, 2:08% Trials 2:17 Sire of 60 in 2:30 List WILL STAND the above stallion at my home ranch on Clear Creek, in Chou teau county, Montana, about 25 miles sonth of Havre, on the following terms and conditions: $10 for single service $20 for the season To all mares that are accepted the privilege of return service will be extended. Service fee must accompany mares. All accidents and escapes will be at risk of owners of mares. In case of sale or death of above stallion service fee will be returned if map proves not in foal. Season of 1907 will open April 15th, and end July 15th. JOHN C. GRIFFIN, OWNERI Z5e Herald Prints the News; $2 Year.