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NEXT EXPOSITION TO
BE HELD IN ENGLAND France and Its Colonies Aid in Mak ing Exhibition a Success--43 Acres Are Used. 2,000 ATHLETES TO TAKE PART. Seventy-Six Buildings in Grounds and Lagoons Add to Beauty of the Surroundings. Millions of dollars are being spent in preparations for the Franco-British ex position, to be held in north London. London, Paris, the British colonies and the French dependencies, are aiding in the exhibition. Its object is twofold to cement the existing friendship be tween Great Britain and France and to stand as a monument to the peace of Europe. The location of the fair is at Shep herd's Bush, a suburb of North London, but so situated that it is easy of access by train, tube, or car from almost any point of the great metropolis. It cov ers an area o~ 143 acres. The famous international exhibition, of- 1841 occu pied only twenty-one acres, apd the re cent exhibition in Glasgow, Scotland, sixty-nine acres. In all, there will be twenty huge palaces which will be ded icated to science, art and industry of the two nations-Britain and France for on no account will any other coun try be allowed to exhibit. Then there are fifty-eixF other fine buildings. The buildings are spacious and artis tic structures, of steel, iron, concrete and plaster. Wood is conspicuous by .J ýy ryý ý, fM ý t +y ý _ u ý ýY"y'S<y~ mot 3' ýý ý e° yi~ tr ý ' '..- S ý. ýr l , yb" .. ,I' P 2 i t ; ^ 5 ýý C ." S> x,ýt add e' Y n t S 3. ,u .. a >, i r +y 1`ý ý h T i }R R !her k Mis \,f3 ý~4Y Its absence, with the result that all the edlcees will be fireproof. The giant of the palaces is the ma chinery hall. It is the largest building ever erected at any exhibition. It cov ers an .rea 'of six, acres, and consists of a tan building running northeast and southwest, joined together at the south end by a building of similar con atruction, the whole resembling in de sign the letter "u." One of the most advanced structures Is the palace of woman's work. Anoth er structure that is nearing completion is the Fine Arts palace. The hanging space for pictures in this edifice is two and a half times greater than that at the British Royal Academy. Stadium Like Reme's. A striking feature is the great stadi um, bult after the design of the fa mous Coliseum at Rome. Here will be held the quadrennial Olympic games in which it is hoed all the civilized countries of the world will meet. Upward of 9,000 representative ath letes will take part in the varied con tests, and the curves of the running track have been so delicately calcu lated that a runner will be able to get round a corner at full speed. Besides athletic games of every description, great angling and fly-casting tourna ments will be held, and a week in Octo ber will be devoted to games of Rugby and association football, laerosse and hockey, while in the stadium the Aero Club will conduct a number of flying machine contests and competitions. The attractions will be practically unlim 'ted. WHEEL OF TESTEEDAY. Statietielana of the Cemasu Bureau Record Its Deelihei and Fall Ten years age even persons with cork legs rode bicycles, says the Lounl ville Oourier-Journal. Not only did hot polk)l buy "wheels" on the install ment plan and tear down street and boulevard and pike and path in mad pursuit of pleasurer but society strad diled the 'bike" and did feats that evi denced hitherto unsuspected grit and brawn. The fat rode to reduce, the lean to build up, the old to get young and the young to get muscle. For r.m reason or another every one gripped the handlebar with both hands, pawed at the pedals with both feet and rede with all of his-or her-heart and soJl and strength. Not to ride was to pies something like seven-eighths of life and live the other eighth in solitude. Where is the wheel of yesterday? Early in the morning, when all men are abed save those who are forced by hard taskmasters to be upon their way to work, the bicycle is seen threading its way to mill and factory. Throughout the day and night it may be seen con veying the messenger boy upon his leisurely way. There is an occasional "old-timer" who still wheels for health and pleasure-a lonely figure upon a highway made noisy if not musical by the honk of the motor car. Toe sta tisticians of the census bureau tell a melancholy tale of the decline and fall of the bicycle as a pleasure vehicle. In: 1900 the bicycle industry paid $10,000,000 in wages and salaries, bought $17,000,000 worth of materials and employed 20,000 Americans. Since then the business has slumped until gbout 250,000 machines a year are manufactured now, as against 1,200,000 in 1900. The 1,200,000 persons who bought bicycles in 1900 are not motor ing. Most of them are walking or rid ing upon street cars. From the stand point of the consumer nothing has fill ed the gap caused by the death of the bicycle craze. And yet bicyclists were never offered such opportunities for I good sport as they are to-day. Where there was one mile of good roadway in and about the parks and approaching the country roads ten years ago there are ten to-day. Ten years ago a good bicycle cost $100. A abetter one may be bought to-day for $35. Both bicycling and the ownership of a bicycle present simpler problems thafi were presented to the cyclist in the days when "everybody" rode. That the bicycle craze was a craze j is Jnd;sputable. Many persons rode to excess. Many of the physically unfit, so physicians assert, rode despite their unfitness. More time and money and nerve force were wasted upon the sport than, in strict economy, should have been devoted to it. But in the main bicycling was a wholesome, healthful form of recreation when it a was expensive and arduous. It is just as healthful since it has become inex pensive and less wearing.. Its revival a would be beneficial not only to manu r faCturers and wage earners but also to countless men and women who do not get out into the country because they have neither horses nor motor cars and who need the fresh air and the ex ercise that bicycling once gave them. GREW TREE FOR HIS COFFIN. Beerda Cared feor by Farmer Used foer the Bex Incleming Casket. The wish of Ember Mason, a farmer, made fifty years ago and carefully fos tered through the long years following, that he be buried in a coffin made from a walnut tree which he had grown himself, is only to be partly granted. Mason died lafjt night at his home near Leeds, says the Kansas City Star. Fifty years ago Mason found a young walnut tree, particularly straight and pretty, while he was clearing some ground on his farm. He was a man of queer ideas and he decided to let that tree grow for the particular pur pose of providing wood for his coffin. The tree grew in the center of a mead ow from which all the other trees had been cleared. Fearing, however, that it might be struck by lightning and de stroyed, and it was already grown large enough for the purpose for which he in tended it, Mr. Mason about three years ago had it cut down and sawed up into lumber. The "butt cut," from which he took the lumber for his cofln, squared fourteen inches. The boards were placed in Mr. Mason's barn and were carefully kept. Last night Mason died, after an Ill ness that had lasted for several years, but to-morrow, by the decision of the family, these boards which he cut from the walnut tree will be used, not for the coffn, but for the box in which the casket will be inclosed. A queer man was Ember Mason, who was 91 at the time of his death, and he took great delight in caring for his coffin tree and later from the boards cut therefrom. "I reckon I'll take these boards to town an' have 'em made up pretty soon," he said to a visitor several years ago. "'m gtiin' out putty fast o' late an' I might need that coffin most any time." But "those boards" were never taken to town. The old man became weaker every day and never found the oppor tualty. er fifty-six years, with the es eption of four years in the Chfil War, Mr. Mason lived in his home, a quaint, old-styled structure on a hill overlooking the valley of the Blue Riv er. He was born in Tenneee and aed to remark often that he was a "Hiikr ' ackmo" D:emoegat, a Rebel in the OIvll War and besldes all that a "hardshell Baptist." "An' they didn't lick us in th' Olii War," he used to say. "We Jes' got plum wO' out a killin' them Nortliern ers." For tlhe last several years of his life Mr. Mason gave up work in the fields, but he kept several hives of bees, by which he used to sit all day watching over them. CHARACTEB IN OLD SHOES. Cobbler Studies as He Pegs and Develops Unique "Ology." "Ologists" have for years been tell ing people's dispositions.,by the bumps on their heads, the lines on their hands, the contour of their faces, their hand writing and a dozen or more other methods. Now a new "elegy" has come into the fieId, called "shoeology"; and by it the cobbler to whom you take your shoes can tell whether you are "square" or "crooked," level-headed or rattle brained, shiftless or painstaking, fickle minded or stubborn and so on ad ipfini tum, says the Columbus Dispatch. Columbus has one "shoeologist."' Be is David Cassady, a cobbler who also owns a small shoe store. Just as a man's handwriting or his eyes or the way he wears his clothing betray some characteristic part of his nature, so does the way he wears his sloes out also tell its story. Why it is so, even to a certain ex tent, Mr. Cassady doesn't pretend to explain. The shape of the foot has something to do with the way the shoe wears out; the way a man walks has a great deal more. But wky the honest man walks one way and the d-ishoneSt nian walks another, or why the heels of changeable men are inclined one way and the heels of stubborn men inalined the other, is a question yet to be solved. The man who wears his sole off across the toe will steal," said Mr. Cas sady. "But just think of the women's shoes that come in here worn out that way?" said another. "Well, what of it? Won't women pilfer little things quicker than a man? They take little things where a nian wouldn't take the chance, because he knows the value isn't enough to rsak the chance of being caught. Look at the shoplifters. "Now, a man who wears his shoes off evenly across the bottom is a pretty level-headed sort of a chap. tHe doesn't go off half-cocked and when he says a thing you can pretty generally bank on it." He thought it over before he said it. "But when the shoe wears out on the outside of the sole look out for that man. He isn't a man of his word. Don't extend any credit to him, because you're liable net to get paid. He's liable to be a pretty shltpery custoler In a deal." "How about these shoes?" asked an other listener as he held up his for in spection. "I can't tell anything about the soles, because you've just had them mended. But I can tell by the counter that you're changeable in your nature. You're not as steadfast as you should be. Pull your shoe off," and as it was handed to him he said: "Now it you'll look down on that shoe from the top, or from the back, you'll see that the counter is swung inward. The man who breaks his counter down toward the inside of his foot is changeable in his nature. It isn't very marked in this shoe, so you're not so bad." "What about the man who wears his heel off on the outside?" "Every one does that It doesn't mean anything in 'shoeology.' But there are men who wear their shoes out squarely on the back of the heel--come down so hard they break the counters down. All I've seen have belonged to successful men." "Is there any difference between the way fat men and slim men wear out their hoes ?" -Not that I've noticed. They wear them about the same as other people." The rittiah Wree. British bred animals, whether thee be horses, cattle, sheep or even pigs, are superior to all others in quality and stamina. There is some strange and admirable power in our soil whleh puts a' stronger fiber and a more en during stamp of excellence into the live stock bred in our islands than am found in the same breed or species in any other part of the world.--London Times. The trouble with a jealous waco% is that she cant keep the lid m "MOLL PITCHER." History of the Falnoua He-olne of the Revolution. "Moll Pitcher" was the daughter of a l'ennsyvl-ania German family living in the vicinity of Carlisle. She was born in 1748, and her nejve was Mary Ludn. g. a pure German Jame. She was married to one John Casper Hayes, a barber, who when the war broke out with the mother country enlisted in the First Pennsylvania artillery and was afterward transferred to the Sev enlth Pennsylvania infantry, command ed by Col. William Irvine of Carlisle. with whose family Mary Ludwig had lived at service. She was permitted to accompany her husband's regiment. serving the battery as cook and laun dress, and when at the battle of Mon mouth (Freehold), N. J., her husband was wounded at his gun she sprang for ward, seized the rammer and took his place to the end of the battle. After the battle she carried water to the wounded and hence her pet name of ".Moll Pitcher." HIayes died after the war was over. and she married a second husband of the name of McCauley, and at her grave in the old cemetery at Carlisle there is a monument that bears this inscription: Molly McCauley, * * enowned in History as "Molly * * Pitcher,"*fhe Heroine of * SMonmouth; * * Died January, 1833. * Erected by the Citizens of Cumber- * land County, July 4, 1876. * On Washington's birthday, 1822. when Molly was nearly seventy years old, the Legislature of Pennsylvania voted her a gift of $40 and a pension of $40 per year. Germany's twenty-one universitite have an enrollment of 27,000 students under the care of 2,000 professors. No bicd can fly backward with ou: turning; the dragon fly, h:owever, 1al do this, A.nd can outstrip the swallo\ in speed. An avecage man, living for the avecr age period of human life, may be cal 2ulated to get through about 2,5(00 miles of reading. The deepest hole in the world hast been bored in Silesia. It has reached a depth of about 7,000 feet, and pl)ssc through eighty-three beds of coal. A German technical journal has golti to the trouble of estimating that the water of the whole ocean contains it solution over 2,000,000 tons of pulre silver. The ivory 1 arket at Antverp, organ ized only a decade ago, hiis become thel largest one in the world-larger than the two other great markets, those of London and LiverpooL Attorney General Jackson of Nee\ York State, commenting on his explxri ence when investigating embarrassed banks, says: "I never before met si many men who ought to be in jail." The tiny stormy petrel is a bird of inmmense \wTing poewer; it belongs to ev ery sea and, although so seemingly frail, it easily breasts furious storms. Petrels have been observed 2,000 miles from nearest laid. Recent measurements of the vibra dions of the wings of a dragon tly In the Stuttgart University slowed that they ranged from 10.004) to 12.000 a second. The conmmon house fly makes (l00 strokes of its wings a second whern flying at its highest speed. Sawdust Is turned into a transporta ble fuel by the simple device of being heated under high pressure steam until the resinous ingredients become sticky, when it is pressed into bricks. One man with a two horsepower machine can turn out 10,000 bricks a day. The world contains at least four mountains composed of almost solid iron ore. One is in Mexico, one in the United States, another In India, and a fourth in Africa just below the Sou dan. and there have been reports of such a mountain existing in'Siberia. Production of gold in the United States fell off $1,753,401 in 1907, as against 1900, whereas the amount of silver produced was increased by over 1,000.000 fine ounces. Alaska's gold production, fell off a little more than $3,000,000,1 according to the report of the director of the mint. Wrong Kind of Spongea. Mrs. Tom L. Johnson discussing the other day the school of household sci ence that she is helping to found In Cleveland said: 'No Cleveland girl, after a course in our school, would ever make the mistake that a young bride made last Thanksgiving. This young bride, after serving to her husband a Thanksgiving dinner that was so-so, said, as tNe des sert of mince pie was brought on: "'I intended, dear, to have some sponge cake, too, but it has been a to tal failure." "'How was that?' the husband ask ed in a disappointed tone, for he was fond of sponge cake. ' 'The druggist,' she explained, 'sent me the wrong kind of sponges.'. Pittsburg Press. Biting. "I never was so happy before," sak the new benedict. "Marriage has made a different man of me." "I'm glad to hear it," said his rival, 'for your wife's sake.". Somehow, an unmarried man seems younger than one who is married. NE\V RIGS-NEW DRIVERS Swanton's Livery WM. J. S\WANTON, P]or. Phone 17, Second Street. Open Day and Night 1lavie - Montana Pioneer Meat Company L. K. D\VLIN, Pres. F. B. BROWN. Vice Pres. VWholesale and Retail Dealers in FRESH AND SALT MEATS POULT'RY AND FISH Get Your Bath -AT THE Havre Steam Laundry Leave youir Laundry and have it ready for your next bath. 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