Newspaper Page Text
Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects.
44 4444cts~b ·pt-M~~.~·EC TO WHIP OR NOT TO WHIP? I-IE school authorities of New York City have had under consideration for many months the question of the advisability of restoring corporal punishment as a means of correction and discipline in the elemen tary schools. The superintendents and principals have been consulted, and a com mittee, after tabulating the returns, finds that a ma jority recommend whipping in certain cases. The com mittee itself indorses this recommendation, and now the matter is "up" to the board of education. Something of a sensation has been caused by the re port that New York contemplates the restoration of the rod-or the strap--in her schools at this late day, a day of humanity and progress and education by "selection" and play. But it should be borne in mind that the prop osition is carefully limited. Teachers are to have no right to resort to physical correction under any circum stances. Where obstinate insubordination and truancy render whipping necessary in the opinion of the princi pal, either he (or she), in the presence of the parent, or the parent himself (or herself) is to perform the salu tary operation. With so many safeguards and restrictions to prevent cruelty and abuse by impulsive or incompetent educators, it cannot be said that the New York recommendation is drastic or terribly reactionary. Still, the opponents of whipping will object to it as "the thin end of tile wedge" and urge the establislihment of special truant schools in stead.--Chicago Record-Herald. DEATH RATE AMONG THE STATES. HE Federal Census Bureau is now making yearly reports on mortality statistics from such States and cities as maintain a care fully conducted registration of deaths and the causes thereof. This so-called registra tion area was very smalnl when the bureau began its work several years ago, but it is being constantly enlarged, and for the report for 1906, issued recently, it embraces fifteen States, the District of Columbia, and seventy-seven registration cities in non registration States. TIlese States and cities had in 1900 an estimated populat ion of about 41,000.000, or nearly one half the population of the continental United States. The registration area is being steadily extended. The av erage death rate for all the States in the registration dis trict was 10.1 in 1906, compared with 16.2 in 190)5, and 10.3 for the average anunual rate from 1901 to 1905. These are very low figures. They compare favorably with present death rates in foreign countries. But it is when this present death rate of 16.1, over an area peopled by above 40,000,000 persons, is placed in com parison with rates which used to prevail in the earlier nalf of the last century, that the progress of mankind in mastering the forces which produce premature death is made impressively manifest. As this Census Bureau report says, "the tendlen'y in the larger countries with a IN MEMORY OF OLD VIRGINIA. PInntatllon Ways Recalled by an In cident in Street Car. All the seats were taken in the car whlch I entered one morning in early April, says a writer in Iippincott's. An old colored man sat oxot the door. It is not often in these days that I see that type of lla-k man. I used to see that kind on the old Virginia planta tion, where he was "1Ing Lice" or "Ung 'Satluo" to all the househtloll. His days nvere devoted to ulseful toil and his evenings to his hanjo aind the old plan ,tation nmelodies as they were sung then and never in his wildest visions did he dream of 1l garithins and Greek roots for his race. "Take this sent. Mistis." he said, ris lng promptly. "Mistis" sounded very "homey" rand pleasant to iie. It had been so long since I was "Mistis" to anybody. "Thank you, uncle," said I. "Keep your seat. I would just as lief stand." "'Scuse me, please, Mistis, but tain't fitten fer you teh stan'; you mus' set." he admonished, respectfully, I took the seat, thanking him for his courtesy. Soon a departing passen ger left a vacancy. "There is a seat for you," I said to the old man. "Between the ladies, ma'am?" lHe '2esitated. "Yes," I said. He bowed apologetically to right and left and took the vacant place. Just before leaving the car I slipped a silver piece into his hand, saying: "Uncle, get you a nice luncheon with this-in memory of old Virginia." "Thank you, my Mistis," he said, opening his hand to look at the little gift and then closing it. Then he touched hig hat and thanked me again. 1 left the car with a sunnier feeling in my heart because of the chance meet ing, but with no thought that I should ever again hear of my old Virginian. That afternoon I received a bunch of arbutus which had been left for me by an old colored man-"fur the tall lady with a long blue coat and white hair-in memory of old Virginia an' deanm old-time days." Cause and Effect. "Yes," said Mrs. Nexdor, "my daugh ter is very persevering in her piano playing. Do you notice that she's Im proving?" "No," replied Mrs. Peppery, "and I also notice that my husband's temper isn't."-Philadelphia Press. That She Asked Hitm. The maid may be a "buchus one," Be pink-cheeked and delicious; But still, if she gets wed this year We're bound to be suspicious. -Houston Post. It is much easier for a bad man to live down to his reputation than it ls for a good man to live up to his. REMIARKABLE TRAP FOR BIRDS. ' sa .~ rii CATCHING CILOWVS BY MEANS OF BIRD-LIMED PAPERI BAGS IN SNOW. The bags are placed in the snow with their mouths level with the sur face. For a few days each bag is filled with snow, upon which rests a piece of raw meat or fish. At first the birds are shy, and will not go near the con trivance; but hunger overcomes timidity, and they eat. For a time all goes wll with them; day after day they secure the tempting morsels. Then is the trapper's chance. In each bag, instead of snow, he places bird lime; and on the bird lime meat. When next the birds come to feed, they find their heads held fast in the bags, and when they seek to fly they flounder to the earth. So many jackdaws and crows are caught, some for pets. some for the pot. Bird lime, it may not be commonly known, is a viscous substance prepared from the inner bark of the holly.-Illustrated London News. Do Fish Feel Pain? IHow sensitive to pain are fish? A correspondent writes: "I have a small pond which is stocked with trout. I keep an accurate account of those I catch and note when I lose any. One morning a big rainbow trout broke the worm hock with which I had hooked him. That evening I hooked and landed a good trout, also with worm tackle, which proved to be my friend of the morning, as right down in his stomach population of similar character to that of the Unlted States now seems toward an annual death rate of about 15 per 1.000 or less." Next to pulmonary tuberculosis as a chief cause of death comes pneumonia, with a rate of 149 per 100,000 of population, followed by heart disease, 130.7; diarrhea and enterit!s, 122.9; Bright's disease and nephritis, 99.8; apoplexy, 71.8, and cancer, 70.8. A generally increasing mortality rate from cancer is indicated for areas where statistics for a series of years are available, and the report says that this is true of foreign countries as well. It is a disease against which medical science seems to be making no headway, and we are left as much in the dark respecting the reasons for its increase as respecting its nature and the means of combating it. -Springfield (Mass.) Republican. THE STEAMSHIP TO BE BUILT. O man can at this moment say when the N limit of size will be reached in thh build ing of ocean liners. Extremely big and swift ships cannot be developed much be yond the present dimensions and speed, un less their owners are willing to run them at a loss for the sake of advertising their, lines or unless they are made commercially profitable through government subsidies. But ships of extreme size and moderate speed are possible of construction, and even of profitable operation, to an extent which would dwarf anything now upon the seas. The ocean greyhound 800 feet long is a terrific consumer of fuel; the mammoth of 1,000 feet sauntering across the Atlantic in eight days uses only a moderate amount by compari son. As the coal question is the chief restriction upon size, we may as well sit back and watch the builders juggle with it until the day arrives when it shall be absolutely prohibitive upon further rivalry. And by that time, may be, we shall have found some cheaper fuel that will help us to build a ship whose bow will be able to touch Sandy iHook before the stern has quite passed the signal station at Nantucket.-Brooklyn Eagle. WHIPPING IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS. HERE is little whipping in the English scIools to-day, and it is almost confined to historic institutions, such as Eton, Harrow and Rugby, where the rich and aristocratic send their sons, and where a peculiar pride is taken in maintaining ancient customs. It may be true that "to spare the rod is to spoil the child." It may be a fact that American boys and girls are allowed too much indulgence, and that they would have better manners and perhaps better mor als were the old system re-established. The great ma jority of parents and teachers refuse to be thus per suaded. They persist in regarding corporal punishment as a relic of barbarism, and in believing that youth can be effectually trained and disciplined in other and bet ter ways.---Philadelphia Inquirer. was the broken gut and hook, and, be side this, in his lip was a March browC fly hook which, according to my fish ing book, must have been there mang weeks. A fish with a'fly hook in hit mouth, a worm hook in his stomact and ready to gulp down bait .must be quite impervious to what we mortalr call pain." It is said that every man has hit double-even the single man. SUSMTITUTES POR TOBACCO. Many of Them Have a Deleterious Eieet, Upon Health of Smoker. How would you enjoy a pipeful of wood shavjngs. saturated with a strong solution of pepper as an after-dinner smoke? Stranige as this may seem for a substitute for tobacco, it is, neverthe less used as such by Indians along the Alaskan coast, says Health. Their mouths are often made raw by the practice, and the eyesight of many is affected by the strong fumes. It is no uncommon practice among farmers to smoke the leaves of the to n'ato and potato plants. While these plants both contain a narcotic poison, the smoking of leaves in moderation is harmless. Exsessive use, though, pro tluces a heavy stupor from which the smoker awakes with a terrific head ache and a feeling of utter exhaustion. Insanity and suicide have often been caused by the immoderate use of thesf two weeds. Rhubarb, beet and even garden sage leaves are all smoked by farmers, but are perhaps the least harmful of sub stitutes for tobacco. In Jamaica "ganjah," a variety of Indian hemp, is smoked by all classes with terrible results. It is stated that it was this weed that was used by the leaders of the Indian mutiny to drive the sepoys into the passions of raging mania which they exhibited during the campaign. "Coltsfoot tobacco" is smoked by tha rustlcs in small country places in En gland and is called by them "the finest remedy on earth for catarrh." It is simply a powdered form of the leaves of the common coltsfoot, a plant found growing wild in chalky soil, although some say that it is injurious to the eyes, and it certainly does relieve diffi. cult breathing. In Sweden a weed found growing in the hills, known as mountain tobacco, is smoked in great quantities. Like "coltsfoot tobacco," it is powdered be fore using and causes the smoker to becomd a mental and physical wreck. Dried holly leaves, the bark of the wil low tree and leaves of the stag's horn sumach are all smoked by the Ameri can Indians and are the least harmful of the substitutes for tobacco. "Indian tobacco" or the leaf of a kind of lobelia is smoked extensively and is extremely poisonous. "Tombeki," an other species of the lobelia largely used in Asia, is smoked in a water pipe and produces a decidedly unpleasant odor. Those who smoke it regularly become intensely nervous and are sub ject to curious hallucinations. AN APPARITION. In the old days, when Boston, through her "plain living and high thinking," was earning the laudatory titles that have clung to her ever since, a certain woman of advanced intellect and character, who may be called Miss Elizabeth Amory Pelham, came into town from one of the suburbs to hear a lecture- on an abstruse topic. Her friend and schoolmate, Mrs. Wellman, Who was a brusque, lovable body, neith er intellectual nor ambitious of being thought so, also went to the lecture, chiefly because everybody else was go. 'ng. About 9 o'clock there came up a storm so violent that the lecturer and his audience had to go home in a del uge. Miss Pelham stood in the vesti bule of the hall, talking to Mrs. Well man, and lamenting that she must drive home that night, especially as she had to be in Boston early the next day to give a talk on physical culture. "Why do you go?" asked Mrs. Well man. "Come round and stay with me." "But you're crowded," objected Miss Pelham. !'You've just been saying your house is full." "Oh, so it is, in a way; but I'll put you in Lavinia's bed. She's osly 9, you know, and not very big, and she's been sound asleep now for hours. She won't know you're there till morning." Her friend accepted gratefully, and in due time crept into bed with La vinia. The next morning, while Mrs. Well man, who was destitute of "help," stood coaxing her kitchen fire, a little white figure flew into the room and launched itself upon her. It was La vinia, no longer asleep. "O m/other," she gasped, "there's something dreadful in my room! It's tall and big and it's got great long arms, and it keeps waving them and waving them over its head, just like a 'windmill, and it's awful!" Mrs. Wellman pushed her away, and shot a sulky damper into place. "Go right along back and giet dress ed!" she commanded. "That's nothing but Elizabeth Amory Pelham taking her physical exercises." A Quarrelsome Family. Mrs. Edgerton Blunt-But why did you leave your last place? , Applicant-I couldn't stand the way the mistress and master used to quar rel, mum. Mrs. E. B. (shocked)-Dear me! Did they quarrel very much, then? ApplIcant-Yes, mum; when it wasn't mne an' 'im, it was me and 'er. The Quarrel. "You call yourself a poet-and write thymes about the virtues of Peekaboo soap?" "And you call yourself an artist?" "Well?" "And make comic valentines." Cleveland Plain Dealer. A man who keeps the sheriff behind him, and never allows the doctors to come near him, is doing very well NEW RIGS-NEW DRIVERS Swanton's Livery WM. J. SWANTON, PROP. Phone 17, Second Street. Open Day and Night Havre -Montana Pioneer Meat Company L. K. DEVLIN, Pres. F. B. BROWN, Vice Pres. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in FRESH AND SALT MEATS POULTRY AND FISH 0 0t Get Your Bath --AT THE Havre Steam Laundry Leave your Laundry and have it ready for your next bath. MARBLEADORANITE. OINUMENT.S. Coping Mantels Cut Stone Iron Fence Slate Vaults Printed Designs and Estimates furnished on anything in the Monumental Line. No job too small, none too large. Havre Monumental Works B. E. GREEN, Proprietor. Ba ey & A popular resort for . A popular beverage, A popular cigal for urnell... A popular price. Where All the Popular People Come for an Hour's Recreation. The buyer of a •Remington Typewriter; expects good service--and gets it. Remington Typewriter Co. 327 Broadway, New York.