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THE COLORED CITIZEN3
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AI.ERICANS. \'i. 1. No. 1. HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1894. $2.oo PLR YEAR. oloed 0ilizell's Prize Oe111 A $5 (ra9on Portrait Free. M;U| I rMWil Aly I. u lN Iplnt. r.r tlIh tl. ,ti I 'i'n each per.on who shall send us Twenty-live ('ash Subscriptions ($12.50) by September 17th. I114, for the Campaign Edition of the ('OI.ORFIJ CITIZEN, will be given I Fle 16120 llIIc Dh l SI iago PoIlliall F e. NOTICE TO AGENTS.-Persons accepting above oiler will please send in their names and postoflmce address at once. Just as fast as names are secured forward them in with the cash ,by registered letter, receipt of which will be acknowledged. Photograph for crayon may be sent in with first cash. Ab onm as $12.50 has been paid in a due order for cravon will be forwarded to agent, and crayon will be shipped :30 days thereafter. COLORED CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO., 137 N. MAIN ST. HELENA MONT. CoLtItEID CITIZEN I'rIII.ISHIN( CO. 137 N. Main St. Helena, Mont. GENT :--Enclosed please lind postal note for 50 cents in pay meat of your Campaign Edition. Please send complete tile, in cluding first iuue. (NANK) (PSTOI'FIctc ) (ISTREET AND No.) D. S. HODGE, S.A.LZ .A.GZ M Tros WANAMAKER & BROWN, of Philadelphia THE ROYAL TAILORS, of Chicago. New Pall and Winter Samples Just Deceived D. S. HODCE, 22 North Warren St. THE LATEST STYLES LOWEST PRICES IN SH OE S. )LARKE £ FRANK, Montana Shoe Co. T. J4. (LEWELL, OOKSELLER and STATIONER 50 N. Main St., Cold Block, Helena, Mont. CARIIIS A FULL LINE OF ks, Fine Stationery, School Books SCHOOL SUPPLIES. LADIES' AND GENTLEIEI'S FIE POCKET BOOKS AND PURSES. TYPEWRITER SUPPLIES, BLANK BOOKS. LIal attention given to Subscriptions to Papers, Magazines, Etc., from all parts oo the world. FOR LOW PRICES AND COOD COODS GO TO E/1,SALL, The Grocer. ple and Fancy Croceries. HAY, CRAIN AND ported and Domestic Cigars and Liquors. FEED. LEPHONE 326. MAIN STREET. COR. STATE. COuTEST FORB TEE OPITIL Town of Anaconda vs. City of Hclcaa AND THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF IONTANA. Plain Facts and Figures For the People on the Installment Plan - Why You Should Vote for Helena. Now comes the city of Helena and for answer to the petition of the town of Anaconda to he made the perma nent capital of the state of Montana sets forth the following reason why it (Helena) should be selected as the permanent capital and why Anacon da should not, viz. l1t. Helena is located geographic ally nearly in the centerof the state, while Anaconda is situated in the ex treme southwestern corner of the state. Helena can therefore be con veniently reached from all parts of the state whereas Anaconda cannot. 2d. Helena is the railroad center of the state with lines diverging in every direction. Anaconda is isolated on a spur. One can, therefore, easily reach or leave Helena by a choice of ,everal trans-continental routes, while Anaconda is dependent wholly on her "spurs." 3d. Helena is situated near the center of the state's population and will remain so. Therefore it is and will continue the most accessible point to a very large majority of the people of the state. An aconda is as remote to center of population as it is geographically and will grow still more so as the population of the state increases. RESUME FIRST INSTALLMENT. Helena is the geographical center, the railroad center and the center of population of the state of Montana. As to these three essentials for a cap ital city Anaconda "isn't in it." CIOLORE CITIZENS! VOTE FOR HELENA! The colored people of Helena have a lively interest in the welfare of their city. As a class they are pros perous happy and well situated. The people of the city are well disposed towards them and offer them every opportunity to go upward and onward. As a result they are occupying many positions of trust and profit. Those of us who are in business on our own account are patronized as much by the whites as by our own people. In fact this is a cosmopolitan city and every one regardless of color succeeds or tails according to his efforts. Our people when visiting the city always receive a hearty welcome by our white fellow citizens who at all times and under all circumstances take a laudable pride in extending a royal welcome to all strangers. We are all proud of our lovely city with its homes, churches, educational and so cial institutions. We hope that our people throughout the state without exception will speak a good word for Helena as the permanent capital and on the 6th of November next vote for the city where five hundred of us live. We will consider it a race compli ment. BFTTE 0EI'OND, THE HOTION. Editor of COLOREI) ('ITIZEN. BUTTE, Mont., Aug. 31.-1 learn with much pleasure that there is to be a weekly paper devoted to our interest started in Selena. I am truly glad to hear this anr. trust the report is not all talk, for we are in need of a paper wherein we may express our feelings and desires I learn that the ('OLOEIED ('ITIZEN will endeavor to reach the household of every colored family in Montana. And the aim of your pa per will be to influence every colored man in )ur state to vote for Helena for the capital. Thisis a move in the right direction, Mr. Editor, for our people will be lead by their own color. In this move you shall ha:e my hearty co-operation. I say Helena for the capital. Very respectfully, REv. CHAS. CUSHIN(;BERRY. We offer a large crayon portrait of yourself free provided you Mend us twenty-five cash subscribers for our campaign edition. See particulars in another column. DEMOCRATIC FINANCIERING. eow the Gold Raeerve frod hRa Bees n. dueed 'nder the Pres..at Admsteratoes The inability of the Democracy to manage the affairs of the country is shown in a striking way by the condi tion of the "gold reserve" in the treas ury today. The gold reserve, as every body knows, was a sum of $100,000,000 bet aside by Republican legislation to be held as security for the $840,000,000 of United States notes, or "green backs, " in circulation When the Repub licans, on March 4, 1893, turned the treasury department over to the Demo oratic administration, this gold reserve was intact, as it always had been un der Republican administration. The $100, 000, 000 was there and always had been there since it was set aside years ago as a fund sacred for the protection of the war issue of money known as qreenbacks. The alarm which the coun try felt at the incoming of a Demoorat Io administration which had promised to overturn the financial system of the government, coupled with the desire of importers to await the reduction of the tariff before they imported more goods, combined to make the recipts of the treasury very smalL People, seeing the coming storm, stopped buying any more goods than were absolutely neces sary, and importers brought little into the country, and therefore paid little into the treasury in the form of tariff. The result was that the receipts began to fall off immediately after the Democracy took charge and have for the past year fallen below the necessary running expenses. The Democracy, which promised to so enormously reduce the expenses of the government, has found it impossi other hand, the Republicans had ad ministered it as economically as they are themselves able to do. In conse quence of the falling off in the receipts it has been necessary to onstantly "dip into" the gold reserve in the treasury in order to meet the running expenses of the government. The result has been a sad deoline in the mount of the gold reserve. It was over $100,000,000 when the Democracy took charge of the tres muy. Within a few months it fell be low the limit fixed by law and has been sadly bat surely tending downward ever since. A tow months ago Secretary Carlisle, 'Hading it impossible to induce ongress to authorize him to issue bonds to get more money with which to run the gov ernment, took the bit in his teeth and issned $50,000,000 worth of bonds un der an old law passed years ago. This helped out the treasury for the moment and brought up the balance to over $100,000,000 again. By the 1st of May of the present year, however, it had fallen below that limit, and today stands at $60,000,000. This, it must be remembered, includes $40,000,000 in gold realized from the sale of the bonds issued by Seoretary Carlisle a few months ago. Had it not been for this $40,000,000 which he trhus added to the gold reserve by plunging the country $50,000,000 deeper into debt the gold reserve today would be but $90,000,000. As it is, with a record of $0,000,000 added to the debt of the country, it is but $60,000,000, or a little over one half what the law requires and what I the Republicans always maintained it at during their control of the treasury. BALANCE OF TRADE. IDashm.s Durngl the Harrison and Cleve land Admniastrations Compared. From 1877 until the close of the year of 1888 the balance of trade remained with the United States. Mr. Cleveland had served three years, with the balance of trade favorable to us of $989, o00, 000, but in closing the fiscal year of 1888 the national account showed a balance of $28,000,000 against us, being the first to occur in 11 years. President Harrison's administration commenced in 1889, while the balance of trade was against us. The close of the fiscal year, June 80, 1890, showed a balance against us of $2, 700,000, but the tide turned in our favor early in 1890 and remained with us to the close of Harrison's administration. The last three years gave us atotal of $810,958, - 00(. A comparison shows that Cleveland's four years, with an excess in the first in our favor of $164,000,000, terminat ed kith a deficit of $248,000,000, while Harrison's administration began with a deficit of over $2,000,000 and closed with a surplus or balance in our favor of more than $202,000,000. A further comparison show.( that Harrison's administration, although commencing with unfavorable trade, had a surplus above that of Cleveland's in favor of our sile of the hleger of #93, 000,000 when it closed, therei being a steady bow o' nearly $17,000,000 monthly of trade' in our favor. The inauguration of President Cleve land in March, 1 .93, chauged the whole course if trade, so that three mouths afterward, June 30(, the balance of trade turned against us t,o the amount of near ly $ l1,104,0,000. lThe 11 months of the current year, to May 30, show a loss of $21'O, 00Oo,00Ot iintrade.. As a further com parison, :he first two years of Cleveland's former administration gave us a bal ance of $204,0000),t0) in our favor, while th, fir-t two y.ars of his present administratin' i will show a loss of $248,000.()00, or a total loss of $480, 000,000 to the United States. FREE RAW MATERIAL MISTAKEN IDEAS AS TO THE MEANING OF THE TERM. What I. Called Raw Material" s 3Meall a Flalshed Produet of Labor in me Form--ow We May C.ompet In tOh Markets of the World. Tho greatest public discussion held hi the senate of the United States cc eurred July 20 over the president's let ter, in which he condemned the Demo crato party for attempting the passage of a tariff bill in which there was ig nored in the items of coal, iron and I other articles the Democratic doctrine of free raw material. Senator Hill, in discussing the situation, said: t "Upon the question of free raw ma terials the president is right, and you know it. You cannot answer his argu I ments. You cannot succoessfully dispute B his propositions. You cannot doubt his f sincerity and patriotism. You must yield 9 in the end to his views. You cannot stand up against the sentiment of the Democratic masses of the country, which 1 will rally round the president in this contest with you upon this particular branch of the subject. The time to yield is now, before there is further humilia j tion, embarrassment and discord." f Whether Democrats may be found s who are able to answer the president's arguments, whether people within the r knowledge of Senator Hill are wholly unable to successfully dispute his propo sition, there are some well known facts a that the common people might read f with profit concerning the propositions which underlie the doctrine of free raw Smaterial. Let us take the principal ele men o os n p labor and material. These can be re solved into a single one, for material is a but the product of labor. Thcrefore la. p bor alone is the principal cost of manu* y factured goods. What is called "raw s material" is none the less a finished D product of labor in some form. It all d represents capital in a small degree and a labor in a larger sense. But the ques tion at issue is the putting of free raw materials on the free list so as tored-eo p the cost of the domestic product by for r eign competition in order to lower the cost of goods. The foreign manufaeturer has the same access to free raw mate s rials that we have. He is as energetie 4 and anxious to sucoeed in holding the markets of the world as we are to take Sthese markets from him. We can only succeed in this sharp competition by the a producing of these materials at a lower t cost, which means wages, for the labor r cost of all materials must be lessened y if we are to compete with the cheapest d of the countries of the world in open y market. The whole question resolves e itself at once into a single proposition a -that the country which pays the least s for its raw material is the strongest r competitor in the open markets of the s world. If the United States desires to e be that country, there is only one way to accomplish it-namely, to reduce the d wage until this material can be prepar ed at a less price than at which it is p now prepared in Europe, South Ameri Our people are beginning to learn that coal is raw material, and yet we have been confronted within the last six months with some of the greatest strikes ever known in our coalfields for the purpose of maintaining a mining rate which is nearly double that paid in some of the foreign countries. Again, the cost of transportation of coal from Maryland and Virginia to the seaboard is four times that of the transportation from the British provinces on the At lantic coast. The question is, How can we compete in the open markets of our own country with raw material in the form of coal against the cheaper coal produced by cheaper wags.a and cheaper transportation on the seaboard? What is true of coal may be said to be true of iron and all other forms of raw mate rial. Had we not better kept the Mc Kinley law in force, which has already demunstrated its ability to give us largt:r markets than we could over hope for under free trade conditions? Party Principlls Repudiated. The recordl has lbeen made. The Dem ocratic house, has repudiated party prinu ciples and philgts, broken faith with the Asmerican; people, legislated directly and dellilwratuly for the bwnefit of trusts and monoolsdists and tbetrayedl a counti tutional trust. That recrd of "perftdy and dishonor" canniot be unmade by be latusd and farcical attempts on the part of the hou.,e to cover its rt treat by a menace of free sugar, free coal mid free iron bills, which will never be acted uapn by thl ssenate. The house is over whelmlu.l with disgrace, demoralization and dishonor. Its attitude is that of 8ternec's unhappy, belabored donkey "Do not -eat sme, may masters, I beseelc you, but you may b.at mue if you will. " -New York Tribunse. A Strike' a Will lie a Strike. The ridght .,rt of a -ymnpatly strike is that whilt the vlters o'f all the- state4 will ,nl.gagio Iin against the INul.ms'ratic party u Nov 6. -St. Louis ;Iloib-Dem ocrat s Blat to Secrrtary Carlisle. Thi,tse able Alabama counters ought to bht set at work on the gold reserve Perhaps they could figure out a surplus. -Boaton JouMnal. IN DEFENSE OF NEW ENGLAND. a. s a aVr Larse ?eswem or Admersa ,redets Toma Old mtam. If our country is to remala ipap - oas and united people, seetial laiter eats are not to be legislated agap it. The south and west, controlllg the vole in the congress of the United Bates to n act tariff laws at the persu time, must hold to the oaunervative view that New England is their best ustomer, and that the enactmenm of laws deriusctal to her great industrial inatteesdilppe her as a purchaser of the gueat prade of the mouth and west With three-fourths of all the spindles of the country, New glad produces not a pound of cotton, but she eo me one-fifth of she whole catl cp ea the United States, her peae in 1t80 amounting to more Ithm 1T,00300. Can the south treat With algny I ob a customer as this? New England grows le tha 4 per cent of the wool of this otry, bt she uses one-half of the total sl l o the west and the greet Pael sates alight New England by crippling het i ai tries? New England, again, iass .st a pound o coal, bt u es set lam 10,000,000 tomn annually it ibe hIm and factories Can Maryland and the Virginias, whence a large portion a this output comes cast a vote in te congress of the United 31ta. that waoh paralyse her great feeeary srytra and cause her to put out her es? Of all the articles o food or m and beast New England poues a al oiency only of two thing-e-ihay p her eattle, potatoes for her people Thee fore she becomes an anual e oimer of the west for not less than 8,004000 barrels of flour, to whiob is to be added throughout her domaia. Oerlainly the west most be careful fa smob a me Manufsartung, a ab e duer; hily three-fourths of all the boots and soe worn in the country, she isa puohser d hides and leather to the este d a majority of the outp. t the d l. Her lumber has long sdmue from of her mountain elopes. ew she looks to the northwest and the south for her supplies to build home antd a. tories. If thee people who erowd te markets with their lumber er not aue al of New hnglad's thrit and pee perity, they must lhe me their best customers for the pnerhnm of lnmbsa This is but,- a glee at the many sided question of trade betwe the states, and while a solid south stood with a menace toward all itdustrial interests, trying to soore the very iut and least possible reduction o that protection which has made New Eng land the peer of old England, themse sel. same people expect New Englean to come with her gold and her dver and buy the products of southern elds and southern farms. Let the solid south stand still for a moment's rfleetia and count the cost if tbh would be wise, for the New England manufacturer openly declares that if you will glvi him foreign wages he fear. no foridn competition. The outeoom of the whole question is that such legislation is but to pauperize the artisans a the east and to bring sorrow and sdaers into the homes where joy and plenty have had their abode for many yers The labor ing people of New England as well as the laboring people de all the country ought to understand this One of their popular mottoes 14 "The injury of one is the injury of all," and let this be emblazoned forever an all New Eng land's interents and held up before the whole country to warn them that it we would continue our national pros perity we must cre for New England's factory system. Demoeratte Tlheers ebuked. Mr. Fred Hirsch, a Belgian repre senting an establishment employing 12,o00) mneu, was in Chicago recently and witnessed many of the diabolical acts growing out of the labor disturb anc-. lie viewed with astonishment the tolerance with which rioters are treated in this country as compared with the re pr'essive agencies employed against thcam in Europe. He has found his coun trymen in the United States, who were never able to earn more than 65 cents a day at hinse, receiving $1.25 and $1. )0 anld mnore per day and yet dissatis fled. This was just the state of affairs two years ago. Labor war never so general ly elmnployed and at wages so re.olunera tive, and yet they were dissati:tied and voted for a chfilige. They got it, with a vetl.ganelc . Never have there wben so mlaay uemplLoyed in this 'cuntrv, and the finlci Ial hses are simply fabulous. DI) you want these conditions to con tilnue If 3 u do, vote with the De unacraey; if not, vote for the return of the Republican party to power. Demoersey Beaten. Betrayed l That can be the only ver dict of the genuine Democrats of the c,'.ntry ,on thel acts of their representa. tiV'. '' i. (clgress. By fear and faint he-art, by the ihdotio embrace of Popu li-an, by de.gradlig corruption, Democ racy is hIeate-,, 'confused, humiliated. New ll.ven Register. Pr ad-one. "What's the difference between the veterans of lht6i ;Uiad now?" "In l1564 the c lltmr:aule. were marching through Georgia. Todlay ;eurgia's Hoke Smith is going through the buys. "