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THE COLORED CITIZEN3
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AI.ERICANS.
\'i. 1. No. 1. HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1894. $2.oo PLR YEAR.
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COuTEST FORB TEE OPITIL
Town of Anaconda vs. City of Hclcaa
AND THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF
Plain Facts and Figures For the People
on the Installment Plan - Why
You Should Vote for Helena.
Now comes the city of Helena and
for answer to the petition of the town
of Anaconda to he made the perma
nent capital of the state of Montana
sets forth the following reason why it
(Helena) should be selected as the
permanent capital and why Anacon
da should not, viz.
l1t. Helena is located geographic
ally nearly in the centerof the state,
while Anaconda is situated in the ex
treme southwestern corner of the
state. Helena can therefore be con
veniently reached from all parts of
the state whereas Anaconda cannot.
2d. Helena is the railroad center
of the state with lines diverging in
every direction. Anaconda is isolated
on a spur. One can, therefore, easily
reach or leave Helena by a choice of
,everal trans-continental routes,
while Anaconda is dependent wholly
on her "spurs."
3d. Helena is situated near the
center of the state's population and
will remain so. Therefore it is and
will continue the most accessible
point to a very large majority of the
people of the state. An aconda is as
remote to center of population as it
is geographically and will grow still
more so as the population of the state
RESUME FIRST INSTALLMENT.
Helena is the geographical center,
the railroad center and the center of
population of the state of Montana.
As to these three essentials for a cap
ital city Anaconda "isn't in it."
CIOLORE CITIZENS! VOTE FOR HELENA!
The colored people of Helena have
a lively interest in the welfare of
their city. As a class they are pros
perous happy and well situated. The
people of the city are well disposed
towards them and offer them every
opportunity to go upward and onward.
As a result they are occupying many
positions of trust and profit. Those
of us who are in business on our own
account are patronized as much by
the whites as by our own people. In
fact this is a cosmopolitan city and
every one regardless of color succeeds
or tails according to his efforts. Our
people when visiting the city always
receive a hearty welcome by our
white fellow citizens who at all times
and under all circumstances take a
laudable pride in extending a royal
welcome to all strangers. We are all
proud of our lovely city with its
homes, churches, educational and so
cial institutions. We hope that our
people throughout the state without
exception will speak a good word for
Helena as the permanent capital and
on the 6th of November next vote for
the city where five hundred of us live.
We will consider it a race compli
BFTTE 0EI'OND, THE HOTION.
Editor of COLOREI) ('ITIZEN.
BUTTE, Mont., Aug. 31.-1 learn with
much pleasure that there is to be a
weekly paper devoted to our interest
started in Selena. I am truly glad to
hear this anr. trust the report is not
all talk, for we are in need of a paper
wherein we may express our feelings
and desires I learn that the ('OLOEIED
('ITIZEN will endeavor to reach the
household of every colored family in
Montana. And the aim of your pa
per will be to influence every colored
man in )ur state to vote for Helena
for the capital. Thisis a move in the
right direction, Mr. Editor, for our
people will be lead by their own color.
In this move you shall ha:e my hearty
co-operation. I say Helena for the
REv. CHAS. CUSHIN(;BERRY.
We offer a large crayon portrait of
yourself free provided you Mend us
twenty-five cash subscribers for our
campaign edition. See particulars
in another column.
eow the Gold Raeerve frod hRa Bees n.
dueed 'nder the Pres..at Admsteratoes
The inability of the Democracy to
manage the affairs of the country is
shown in a striking way by the condi
tion of the "gold reserve" in the treas
ury today. The gold reserve, as every
body knows, was a sum of $100,000,000
bet aside by Republican legislation to
be held as security for the $840,000,000
of United States notes, or "green
backs, " in circulation When the Repub
licans, on March 4, 1893, turned the
treasury department over to the Demo
oratic administration, this gold reserve
was intact, as it always had been un
der Republican administration. The
$100, 000, 000 was there and always had
been there since it was set aside years
ago as a fund sacred for the protection
of the war issue of money known as
qreenbacks. The alarm which the coun
try felt at the incoming of a Demoorat
Io administration which had promised
to overturn the financial system of the
government, coupled with the desire of
importers to await the reduction of the
tariff before they imported more goods,
combined to make the recipts of the
treasury very smalL People, seeing
the coming storm, stopped buying any
more goods than were absolutely neces
sary, and importers brought little
into the country, and therefore paid
little into the treasury in the form of
tariff. The result was that the receipts
began to fall off immediately after the
Democracy took charge and have for
the past year fallen below the necessary
The Democracy, which promised to
so enormously reduce the expenses of
the government, has found it impossi
other hand, the Republicans had ad
ministered it as economically as they
are themselves able to do. In conse
quence of the falling off in the receipts
it has been necessary to onstantly "dip
into" the gold reserve in the treasury
in order to meet the running expenses
of the government. The result has been
a sad deoline in the mount of the gold
reserve. It was over $100,000,000 when
the Democracy took charge of the tres
muy. Within a few months it fell be
low the limit fixed by law and has been
sadly bat surely tending downward ever
A tow months ago Secretary Carlisle,
'Hading it impossible to induce ongress
to authorize him to issue bonds to get
more money with which to run the gov
ernment, took the bit in his teeth and
issned $50,000,000 worth of bonds un
der an old law passed years ago. This
helped out the treasury for the moment
and brought up the balance to over
$100,000,000 again. By the 1st of May
of the present year, however, it had
fallen below that limit, and today
stands at $60,000,000. This, it must be
remembered, includes $40,000,000 in
gold realized from the sale of the bonds
issued by Seoretary Carlisle a few
months ago. Had it not been for this
$40,000,000 which he trhus added to the
gold reserve by plunging the country
$50,000,000 deeper into debt the gold
reserve today would be but $90,000,000.
As it is, with a record of $0,000,000
added to the debt of the country, it is
but $60,000,000, or a little over one
half what the law requires and what
I the Republicans always maintained it
at during their control of the treasury.
BALANCE OF TRADE.
IDashm.s Durngl the Harrison and Cleve
land Admniastrations Compared.
From 1877 until the close of the year
of 1888 the balance of trade remained
with the United States. Mr. Cleveland
had served three years, with the balance
of trade favorable to us of $989, o00, 000,
but in closing the fiscal year of 1888 the
national account showed a balance of
$28,000,000 against us, being the first
to occur in 11 years.
President Harrison's administration
commenced in 1889, while the balance
of trade was against us. The close of
the fiscal year, June 80, 1890, showed
a balance against us of $2, 700,000, but
the tide turned in our favor early in
1890 and remained with us to the close
of Harrison's administration. The last
three years gave us atotal of $810,958, -
A comparison shows that Cleveland's
four years, with an excess in the first
in our favor of $164,000,000, terminat
ed kith a deficit of $248,000,000, while
Harrison's administration began with a
deficit of over $2,000,000 and closed
with a surplus or balance in our favor
of more than $202,000,000. A further
comparison show.( that Harrison's
administration, although commencing
with unfavorable trade, had a surplus
above that of Cleveland's in favor of
our sile of the hleger of #93, 000,000
when it closed, therei being a steady
bow o' nearly $17,000,000 monthly of
trade' in our favor.
The inauguration of President Cleve
land in March, 1 .93, chauged the whole
course if trade, so that three mouths
afterward, June 30(, the balance of trade
turned against us t,o the amount of near
ly $ l1,104,0,000. lThe 11 months of the
current year, to May 30, show a loss of
$21'O, 00Oo,00Ot iintrade.. As a further com
parison, :he first two years of Cleveland's
former administration gave us a bal
ance of $204,0000),t0) in our favor,
while th, fir-t two y.ars of his present
administratin' i will show a loss of
$248,000.()00, or a total loss of $480,
000,000 to the United States.
FREE RAW MATERIAL
MISTAKEN IDEAS AS TO THE MEANING
OF THE TERM.
What I. Called Raw Material" s 3Meall
a Flalshed Produet of Labor in me
Form--ow We May C.ompet In tOh
Markets of the World.
Tho greatest public discussion held
hi the senate of the United States cc
eurred July 20 over the president's let
ter, in which he condemned the Demo
crato party for attempting the passage
of a tariff bill in which there was ig
nored in the items of coal, iron and
I other articles the Democratic doctrine
of free raw material. Senator Hill, in
discussing the situation, said:
t "Upon the question of free raw ma
terials the president is right, and you
know it. You cannot answer his argu
I ments. You cannot succoessfully dispute
B his propositions. You cannot doubt his
f sincerity and patriotism. You must yield
9 in the end to his views. You cannot
stand up against the sentiment of the
Democratic masses of the country, which
1 will rally round the president in this
contest with you upon this particular
branch of the subject. The time to yield
is now, before there is further humilia
j tion, embarrassment and discord."
f Whether Democrats may be found
s who are able to answer the president's
arguments, whether people within the
r knowledge of Senator Hill are wholly
unable to successfully dispute his propo
sition, there are some well known facts
a that the common people might read
f with profit concerning the propositions
which underlie the doctrine of free raw
Smaterial. Let us take the principal ele
men o os n
p labor and material. These can be re
solved into a single one, for material is
a but the product of labor. Thcrefore la.
p bor alone is the principal cost of manu*
y factured goods. What is called "raw
s material" is none the less a finished
D product of labor in some form. It all
d represents capital in a small degree and
a labor in a larger sense. But the ques
tion at issue is the putting of free raw
materials on the free list so as tored-eo
p the cost of the domestic product by for
r eign competition in order to lower the
cost of goods. The foreign manufaeturer
has the same access to free raw mate
s rials that we have. He is as energetie
4 and anxious to sucoeed in holding the
markets of the world as we are to take
Sthese markets from him. We can only
succeed in this sharp competition by the
a producing of these materials at a lower
t cost, which means wages, for the labor
r cost of all materials must be lessened
y if we are to compete with the cheapest
d of the countries of the world in open
y market. The whole question resolves
e itself at once into a single proposition
a -that the country which pays the least
s for its raw material is the strongest
r competitor in the open markets of the
s world. If the United States desires to
e be that country, there is only one way
to accomplish it-namely, to reduce the
d wage until this material can be prepar
ed at a less price than at which it is
p now prepared in Europe, South Ameri
Our people are beginning to learn
that coal is raw material, and yet we
have been confronted within the last
six months with some of the greatest
strikes ever known in our coalfields for
the purpose of maintaining a mining
rate which is nearly double that paid in
some of the foreign countries. Again,
the cost of transportation of coal from
Maryland and Virginia to the seaboard
is four times that of the transportation
from the British provinces on the At
lantic coast. The question is, How can
we compete in the open markets of our
own country with raw material in the
form of coal against the cheaper coal
produced by cheaper wags.a and cheaper
transportation on the seaboard? What is
true of coal may be said to be true of
iron and all other forms of raw mate
rial. Had we not better kept the Mc
Kinley law in force, which has already
demunstrated its ability to give us largt:r
markets than we could over hope for
under free trade conditions?
Party Principlls Repudiated.
The recordl has lbeen made. The Dem
ocratic house, has repudiated party prinu
ciples and philgts, broken faith with
the Asmerican; people, legislated directly
and dellilwratuly for the bwnefit of trusts
and monoolsdists and tbetrayedl a counti
tutional trust. That recrd of "perftdy
and dishonor" canniot be unmade by be
latusd and farcical attempts on the part
of the hou.,e to cover its rt treat by a
menace of free sugar, free coal mid free
iron bills, which will never be acted
uapn by thl ssenate. The house is over
whelmlu.l with disgrace, demoralization
and dishonor. Its attitude is that of
8ternec's unhappy, belabored donkey
"Do not -eat sme, may masters, I beseelc
you, but you may b.at mue if you will. "
-New York Tribunse.
A Strike' a Will lie a Strike.
The ridght .,rt of a -ymnpatly strike is
that whilt the vlters o'f all the- state4
will ,nl.gagio Iin against the INul.ms'ratic
party u Nov 6. -St. Louis ;Iloib-Dem
s Blat to Secrrtary Carlisle.
Thi,tse able Alabama counters ought
to bht set at work on the gold reserve
Perhaps they could figure out a surplus.
IN DEFENSE OF NEW ENGLAND.
a. s a aVr Larse ?eswem or Admersa
,redets Toma Old mtam.
If our country is to remala ipap -
oas and united people, seetial laiter
eats are not to be legislated agap it. The
south and west, controlllg the vole in
the congress of the United Bates to n
act tariff laws at the persu time, must
hold to the oaunervative view that New
England is their best ustomer, and
that the enactmenm of laws deriusctal
to her great industrial inatteesdilppe
her as a purchaser of the gueat prade
of the mouth and west
With three-fourths of all the spindles
of the country, New glad produces
not a pound of cotton, but she eo me
one-fifth of she whole catl cp ea the
United States, her peae in 1t80
amounting to more Ithm 1T,00300.
Can the south treat With algny I ob
a customer as this?
New England grows le tha 4 per
cent of the wool of this otry, bt she
uses one-half of the total sl l o the
west and the greet Pael sates alight
New England by crippling het i ai
New England, again, iass .st a
pound o coal, bt u es set lam
10,000,000 tomn annually it ibe hIm
and factories Can Maryland and the
Virginias, whence a large portion a
this output comes cast a vote in te
congress of the United 31ta. that waoh
paralyse her great feeeary srytra and
cause her to put out her es?
Of all the articles o food or m
and beast New England poues a al
oiency only of two thing-e-ihay p her
eattle, potatoes for her people Thee
fore she becomes an anual e oimer of
the west for not less than 8,004000
barrels of flour, to whiob is to be added
throughout her domaia. Oerlainly the
west most be careful fa smob a me
Manufsartung, a ab e duer; hily
three-fourths of all the boots and soe
worn in the country, she isa puohser
d hides and leather to the este d a
majority of the outp. t the d l.
Her lumber has long sdmue
from of her mountain elopes. ew she
looks to the northwest and the south
for her supplies to build home antd a.
tories. If thee people who erowd te
markets with their lumber er not aue
al of New hnglad's thrit and pee
perity, they must lhe me their best
customers for the pnerhnm of lnmbsa
This is but,- a glee at the many
sided question of trade betwe the
states, and while a solid south stood
with a menace toward all itdustrial
interests, trying to soore the very iut
and least possible reduction o that
protection which has made New Eng
land the peer of old England, themse sel.
same people expect New Englean to
come with her gold and her dver and
buy the products of southern elds and
southern farms. Let the solid south
stand still for a moment's rfleetia and
count the cost if tbh would be wise,
for the New England manufacturer
openly declares that if you will glvi
him foreign wages he fear. no foridn
competition. The outeoom of the whole
question is that such legislation is but
to pauperize the artisans a the east and
to bring sorrow and sdaers into the
homes where joy and plenty have had
their abode for many yers The labor
ing people of New England as well as
the laboring people de all the country
ought to understand this One of their
popular mottoes 14 "The injury of one
is the injury of all," and let this be
emblazoned forever an all New Eng
land's interents and held up before the
whole country to warn them that it
we would continue our national pros
perity we must cre for New England's
Demoeratte Tlheers ebuked.
Mr. Fred Hirsch, a Belgian repre
senting an establishment employing
12,o00) mneu, was in Chicago recently
and witnessed many of the diabolical
acts growing out of the labor disturb
anc-. lie viewed with astonishment the
tolerance with which rioters are treated
in this country as compared with the re
pr'essive agencies employed against
thcam in Europe. He has found his coun
trymen in the United States, who were
never able to earn more than 65 cents
a day at hinse, receiving $1.25 and
$1. )0 anld mnore per day and yet dissatis
This was just the state of affairs two
years ago. Labor war never so general
ly elmnployed and at wages so re.olunera
tive, and yet they were dissati:tied and
voted for a chfilige. They got it, with a
vetl.ganelc . Never have there wben so
mlaay uemplLoyed in this 'cuntrv, and
the finlci Ial hses are simply fabulous.
DI) you want these conditions to con
tilnue If 3 u do, vote with the De
unacraey; if not, vote for the return of
the Republican party to power.
Betrayed l That can be the only ver
dict of the genuine Democrats of the
c,'.ntry ,on thel acts of their representa.
tiV'. '' i. (clgress. By fear and faint
he-art, by the ihdotio embrace of Popu
li-an, by de.gradlig corruption, Democ
racy is hIeate-,, 'confused, humiliated.
New ll.ven Register.
"What's the difference between the
veterans of lht6i ;Uiad now?" "In l1564
the c lltmr:aule. were marching through
Georgia. Todlay ;eurgia's Hoke Smith
is going through the buys. "