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THE COLORED CITIZEN.
IsuCKD EVEKY MONDAY - BY THE COLORED CITIZEN PUBLISHING CO. Orvcr I iN. MAIN SITasr. Advenlsling rates furnished on application. TERMS: One Year ............. ... -....... 0 Six M onths .......................... ......... ....... 00 Three M onths. ............................................. 0 HELENA, MONT., SEPT. 1, 1894. We rertl/ tyIat thRis edition consists of 7,ooo copies. COLORED CITIZEN PUB. CO.. PerJ P. Ball, Jr., Editor said MNauer. The COLORED CITIZEN, a paper de voted to the social, moral and Indus trial Interests of the colored Ameri can of this state, is a new venture. It is an enterprise that should receive such hearty support from all classes irrespective of race, politics or creed that its assured success should be guaranteed from the outset. It can not be denied that our people, through force of circumstance, occupy a pe culiar status in this country. We are not thoroughly known. Our better qualities are not presented fairly to the public. Our inirmities and short comings are constantly magalled and dwelt upon, while our better attri butes retraln unpresented. Is it strange, then, that our people should endeavor to secure a mouthpiece-a newspaper--herewith to educate the puhlc ton a full appreciatie ouf er werth, that we may be jadged impar tially and not have imposed upon us as a people harsh criticisms that shd rest pa individuals only? The state of Mo.tals has just right to toel proud of its twaty4ve hundred oslered citiseas tfoud in every county of this fair ad prospueos common wealth. They are to a man wealth* prduces. They are of the brawn that have ufettered and exposed to the nshin of a eor unsurpassed clime the treasure wealth of ages-thy are the me o w made known and demonstrate to the outi worla the peeldiitlles of this vast empire preg ant with unllmtel resources-they are the me who will erelea. come hae by theuesals to help develop the weerdetrl Indutries lying dormant in Sstate. They are the men who will toa futu arm a arm with capi tal In unison and harmony and free tenum bhkeriag, discrd and unrest, 'develop and make bloom as the rose \the entire paseef thisOed-favored land of premise and plenty. Our peo pe are sympathetic, seeltive and tracitable aid hence are a desirable ac atos la all well-dispesed eemmnual tiesl. ecam ed the cordial relations esietiag between all classes populate ing this state arl the colaesd citisles thUret, they are exceptidnally pr pers, happy and contested, which pebably accouats for the constantly increasing populatio of color who, with rare exceptions, are very worthy additions to the community. We be peak far our people a bright future. Uewly bat asurely their sterling qualli ties are becomig nhamow, ad re long the ban d prejedice which overhaang them like a pall will be dispelled by the light of favorable public opian , ad thea will the future blessom aUd ripe late frailt that will only await our efort. Hedged in on all sides by adverse cir cumetances our people are bound to evolve into usefulnes and greatnesseo. Barriers must be surmounated and pub lic senilment won over in our beha·lf. We ask the aid and co-operation of our fellow citises in behalf ofar people n oaaf this eterprise. Just I proportion to the aid received will re salits be obtaild. We launch this venture with no emlaes to push but very, very many kind frlends to favo. It matter not to the average citi s whether the tarf bill becae law with or withoet the predmaet's a.lgauta. What ib wasted iL a ces nation e tariff tinlkerng so the bud e inteirests t the country may re wive. mepMAIcas are feellfg very com fertable. Seet Ormi mm ne i mm - Tnm iy. A lIGlUMI CUMPAIG. hpakar Tide iPut Filowig leleaward inder the Able l raungent of the Cap ital Catmiste. A great deal of quiet and effective work in the interest of Helena for the permanent capital has been system atically and thoroughly prosecuted in every section of the state duriug the east few weeks by our able capital committee, the presiding genius of which is that thorough and energetic organizer Hon. J. P. Woolman, ably assisted by theubiquitous Hon. Wm. Muth, its genial and affable secretary. Every member of the committee is enthusiastic in the endeavor to con duct an active, vigorous and winning fight, hence the steady and growing popular tide in favor of Helena. Having conducted a very successful still-hunt campaign-a campaign of cold and incontrovertible facts in favor of Helena-a campaign of edu cation-the committee are now turn ing their attention to the popular and effective excursion mode of campaign. The recent invasions of the capital city by thousands of de lighted guests who, after en joying the royal hospitality of our genial citizens, returned home with none but words of praise of the kind treatment received from our citizens and of the superior claims of our city over all others in the state for the permanent capital, can but result in untold good, and will surely do much towards scattering broad cast throughout the state the fair fame of Helena and her claim on the votes of all thinking men for the per manent capital. Keep up the good work, gentlemen of the committee, and on the 6th of November your splendld efforts will be rewarded with an overwhelming victory for our be loved city. 11WIII3 U IIISW. Before us lie some interesting mem oranda, at least to us. The sunshine and shadow of our efforts to start this paper are therein unfolded. What a variety of types compose the human family I They differ is sie (so reference to avoirdupois). They difer In temperament, self-import ance and general coetour. Some have received us with a hearty hand shake, encouragnlag words, valuable a4vice and substantial aid. Others turned loose oa us a cold shower bath as seen as we were ushered into their frigid presence. Not a few listened to us as we unfolded our plans with a bored air, a cynical smile and a pleasesg.quick expression. Some couldn't see what need the colored people had for a paper. A few, just a very few, thought it was the worst thing possible to have a colored pa per, as it might have a tendency to cause 'our colored brethren" to draw the color liUe, which, of course, would be un-American. Some friends when seeing us coming, would have some important business just across the street and we would lose track of them. Oftimes when trying to whistle up courage or catch our breath, up would come some whole souled "vir" with a twinkle in the eye, a hearty grasp of the hand, a kind word for the paper and a "come and se me again If necessary." We shall ever feel grateful to kind friends who have given this venture enuceragement, advice and aid, and we take this means of publicly thank ng them. We know there are many friends who have not had the oppor tunlty of extending a helping haan because of our inability to see them. We trust that no umbrage will be taken eo that account. To square ourse lves before such, as well as all others who may desire to make this enterprise a success, we kindly invite every well-wisher of the OOLOne ."rrwsm to either call, write or send for us. By the co-operation of the general public we hope to make this a useful, live readable paper that will reSect credit upon the people it rep resents, the city of Helena and the state at large. N1ME L UElNffl We note with pleasure that the re publicans at the recent city primaries elected four delegates and five alter nate delegates from our colored citi. ea, who shall represent Ine interests ao the three hundred colored voters of this city in the comlag county con ventin. This is a step in the right directlon and should only be the enter ing wedge to a fuller and more just epresenstatlos in the future. It has been a mistaken policy of the several political parties to ignore the colored voters. The republican prophets in making forecasts have very generally put the colored vote down in the "cer tain republican" column. liecent ex perience should teach them that the colored vote is fast becoming an un known factor in politics. He can no loeger be held la lie by the "grati tude" plea, It has become stale and thrneabexe. The average colored veter ae today le as thrghly prac tcal and saeacls as the white veter The latter drtte pelitically hither and thither. Is it strange that the for mer is commencing to take the the cue and di likewise ? Gentlemtn of the republican party, of which we are proudly a member, allow your attention to be called to the necessity of courting and prop erly treating the colored vote just as considerately as are other integral factors of the party of progress and reform. Perhaps we may ruftle the feelings and serenity of some of our republican leaders because we are so outspoken in demanding just consider ation and proper treatment for the colored voter. But don't chafe and lose your temper, gentleman, for it is better that you should he rudely dis turbed, even by us, in your erroneous ly supposed mortgage or ownership of the colored vote, than to have the party suffer through your oversight, overconfidence and lack of humane political sagacity. Th. up-to-da.te leaders in politics are those who can and do read the signs and steer the ship of state accordingly. The polit cal horizon is aglow with an urgent demand for justice, fair treatment and political recognition of the col ored Americans of this country. THE COLORED CITIZEN is with the party If progress but is not afraid to bring some of the leaders to taw when it thinks the party will be jeopardized by holding its peace. HON. T. C. POWER HOME. Senator Power has received a hearty welcome by his hosts of friends from all parts of the State, who were pleased to grasp his hand and con gratulate him on his excellent ap pearance, notwithstanding his ardu ous duties, incident to a long, active and tiresome session of Congress. The senator Is always on the alert to sub serve the interests of our state, hence it is that though single-handed and alone he has carefully guarded and protected the many and diversified interests that have arisen affecting the welfare of the people of Montana. DMINATB ONLI THE BDET LEHIALATITE IATIIIAL I IWd epimu ksldeau Cu le Elad Ralea alnla rs thea Tc. On general principles political slate making is objectionable, but some times It becomes necessary and ex pedient. It is a matter of record that the Republicans of this county in recent years have for cause been unable to elect a solid legislative delegation. It is high time that the leaders should get together and remove this cause. It is useless to presume upon the loyalty of the Republicansof this county. They will enthusiastically support and elect good legislative nominees but they will weed out and knife names that fall below the high standard demanded. Therefore we advocate slate making when it comes to legislative nominees. We take it for granted that there will be at least two senatorial factions In our coming county convention. Let each faction select for presentation to the convention the necessary names able men of experience in matters of state; incorruptible; strong individ ually; strong collectively-this done let all others be barred. Do away with the free for all scrub entries. Demand that only first class material and none other shall be presented for entry. This arranged there can be no chance for scrubs to rush by in the general confusion and enthusiasm that sometimes warp the cooler and sounder judgment of men huddled in convention. As to which faction shall have the majority on the loor of the convention cuts no figure as to the pith of this article nor to the mass of the people, we opine. No matter which way the current shall flow the majority would nominate an invunerable ticket. To this ex tent we advocate slate making and it is hoped that it will be acquiesced in and that the result will be so satis factory that public opinion will en dorse its propriety and advisability at least when applied to nominees for the legislature. WIT LI WNllT A PAFL It has been asked why do we wish to draw the color line and Issue a pa per devoted to the interests of the colored citisen? The question ans wers itself. Why do the Germans, Scandinavians and other dationalities have their own organs? So it is with the Afro-American, he can be reached and convinced quicker and better tbrough a paper of his own. Every people have modes peculiar to themselves and the Afro-American is not an exception to the rule. Then we have a race pride that has clung to us from generation to generation, that time can not eliminate. The political pot should be skimmed. Be much harmony is unAmerican for these part There are about 800 colored people In this city. TIE 'OLOIED CITIZIU. " To the manor born, always thor oughly American. patriotic, industri ous and reliable, the colored citizen deserves favorable public opinion." Be it said to the shame of a large ma jority of the people of this country that there is a strong disposition to "count out" the colored citizen. As long as he confines himself to the groove of a menial this disposition re mains quiescent; by general consent it is agreed that this narrow sphere should circumscribe his aspiration. If perchance he seeks the trades or professions for a livelihood, immedi ately his color arouses the antagon ism of the masses. True it is that there are laudable exceptions to this skin-color prejudice epidemic, but the malady is so deep seated in the rank and file that we meet from day to day and who delight to flaunt in our faces their race rancor that we are forced to the conviction that the latter re tlect the general unfavorable public opinion prevailing against us as a people' This is not as it shonld be. Point out, if you can, a single integral factor of the body politic of this country so thoroughly American as our colored citizen. He knows no home save his America. He fondly loves this country for he knows of none else. He has borne arms for the independence of his country and for the preservation of our Union. He has contributed by his unceasing in dustry to the upbuilding and estab lishment of the most prosperous coun try on the face of the earth. He has ever been a producer-he is of the bone and sinew of the country. Added to these excellent essentials he can always be counted upon the side of law and order. Anarchy and com munism find no abiding place in his patriotic heart. He spends not the midnight hour loading dynamite bombs to destroy the property of his fellow citizen. He is not found in secret conclaves cons irin to over turn and destroy the institutions of his country. He does not ally him self to marauding hordes who delight to levy tribute upon the industrious citizen through whose country they rove. He does not spend bis time saw ing the air in a vain endeavor to pros elyte some sensible citizen to imprac ticable political dogmas. To the con trary, he fills the bill of the ideal American citizen. Why then exists, or is permitted, the ever-present, never-ceasing, all-pervading preju dice against the colored citizen that is a disgrace and blight to the fair name of this country. Down with it. It should be declared un-American. The abuse must be corrected. Pub lic sentiment and opinion must frown it down. The initiative to accom plish this must be taken by the better class of people. Their example will soon be followed by the rank and file, and soon there will be none in this fair country so unmanly as to vent his prejudice against the colored citizen on account of his race, color or pre vious condition. Let good citizens take the matter in hand al once all over the country and wipe out with one fell swoop this national race prejudice against the colored citizen. UTil PINCIFI 11 TInll." aly the Su lWL The new tariff bill has become a lawrby the ailure o te President to veto it. And now the magnates of the Democratic party are condoling with themselvestand the disgusted public. After sifting the matter and analyzing the results Mr. Wilson, who as the unwilling sponsor of the abor tion, probably knows more about the almost unrecogniszable corpse than anyonc dele among the Democratic jury of inquest now seeking to estab lish the identity of the shapeless af fair, after careful examination, re peated verifcations and much mental effort has finally consented to make public as the result of his researches concerning the status of what was once known as the "Wilson" bill that "the principle is there." That is, that the care is intact, or partly so, and that the balance has been nibbled away a la monkey and cat style. STIUll IrllIiAT ANr1 3man3 IN. Owing to the press of busiuer inci dent to getting out our first issue we have been unable to make the rounds of our merchants and business men to solicit advertisements. We rest as sured, however, that when the rounds are made that a goodly number of ads. will be secured. This paper will start with a circulation of about 7T0 in this city. It will be placed in the hands of every colored family in Helena. It will also reach the homes and omces of over 400 of our best white fellow-citisens. Our circula tion in the surrounding cities and towns will be fully 800 each week. Therefore our business community should respond with alacrity, if only for a small card, in aiding us to con duct a live, energetic and readable paper devoted heart and soul in the interest of Helena for the capital. AN ANALMlN OF I'ANDIDATEr. An analysis of those who are offer ing themwelves as sacrifices on the po litical altar leads us to the conclusion that they are composed of several distinct types though all have an eye single to the same goal. The candi dates who profess to believe and stren uously endeavor to impress upon en forced auditors that they are espec ially made to order for the place sought and possess rare ability there for are probably the most numerous. Then comes another class who do not prate so inordinately upon their spe cial qualifications, but they are spell binders in their way and when one has finally disentangled himself from their grasp he has had an up-to-the muzzle dosec of what is familiarly known as an "old timer's" record. Yet strange as it may seem there is a general disposition among a large class to underrate and belittle the services and acts of heroism of these "bull team" Nestors. Quite a numer ous class seems to be of volcanic ori gin-projected as it were upward and deposited as the result of the recent financial panic. They look cadaver ous and anxious and seem so willing to sacrifice their personal wishes to the wants of the people. Aftercare fully studying all these different types individually and in group we are forced to the inevitable conclu sion that never before in the history of their county have the republicans had such a bright galaxy of talented, well qualified, patriotic, zealous and self-sacrificing array of candidates to select from. There is, indeed, an en couraging manifestation of growing patriotism among the gifted citizens of this community. Time there was when men good and true were slow and loath to allow themselves to be dragged into the vortex of politics with its uncertainties and disappoint meats. But thanks to the noble men and self-sacrifcing disposition of the tank eand file- of-ow , w lined before us a grim and de termined array of peut up talent only waiting for the word to step forward and don the yoke of obedience to the demands of an insisting constituency. The Herald has been selected by the Afro-American club as its oi clal paper. This is a merited tribute of recognition to an able, fearless and staunch republican journal that has successfully weathered the ad. versities of twenty-seven years. At all times ably edited, bright and sparkling, it is a welcome visitor not only to the business men but to the household. The Messrs. Fisk. sons and nephews are apparently on their mettle, since going it alone, judging from the unusually attractive ap pearance of their always more than ordinarily Interesting paper. 119l1 TAliF-91 WAI66l. lMed lads-lteed W g. Senator Mills-and he is an author ity on the matter-ln a recent speech before the senate, the pending ques tion being the recently enacted tariff bill, said; 'The whole history of tariff legislation demonstrated that reduction of duties resulted in in creased importation and increased revenue." We would like to inject this sentence-full to the brim with craniums of some of the blatherskite jawsmiths that we have heard stand up before audiences of honest unso phisticated workingmen and try to make them believe that there should be a muvuc'oN in tariff duties be. cause it would inure to their benefit, and that therefore they must be dem ocrats to protect themselves and be prosperous. What intolerable bosh! Mills, who is a representative expon ent of democratic tariff reform, de clares in explicit terms that m. CRuZAID IMPORTATION will result from reduction of duties. What do in creased importations mean for the American wage earner? It simply means that there will be a reduced demand to buy his labor, or if bought at all it must be had at a rednced rate. Why ? Because our manufac turers cannot afford to pay more for labor used in producing given com modities than the same labor is paid abroad for like commodities, for the simple reason that they mnst compete in price in order to stay in the market. It matters not with the wage earner how tariff theorists differ on techni calities or whether duties are specific or ad valorum, but let him keep both eyes open and pencil in hand, and when he is approached by tariff butchers and quacks, let him write down for his answer in large plain letters, "Glve me a high tariff, for it decreases foreign importations, raises domestic wages and guarantees steady remunerative work for American wage earners." The capital fight is warming up and our people are mixing up fire works, hurrahs, brass bands and the like as side dishes to the cold and stubborn facts why Helena should be the permanent capital. REPUIUCAN STATE OMNYENTloN. Cu.grrsfmaI Iartnl. ts ht Ir n8i By AeriulaUem. The state convention to meet here on the (iLt will no doubt be composed of many of the most distinguished cit. izens of the state. The indlcations point to a large, harmonious and en. thusiastic gathering. The proceed. langs will partake largely of a love feast. It is conceded on all sides that the splendid and brilliant record of Congressman Hartman deserves special recognition by his party, and that he should be renominated by ac clamation, which will undoubtedly be done with such genuine enthusiasm that our distinguished representative will have a practical reminder of the high esteem in which he is held by his fellow citizens. Several di tinguished and learned jnrlsts will he presented for associate justice of the Supreme court A new state central committee will also be chosen. REIIILIfCA POUINTY CONVENTIU\, luy Arr Called BIt Few Will Le I'hk.! The republicans of this county will convene on Tuesday, the 4th, for the purpose of nominating members of the legislature and county ottcer, and also to select delegates to the state convention. Judging from the list of delegates it will be composed of a larger number of distinguished gentlemen than have ever assembled in the county on a like occasion. It will undoubtedly be such an enthm. lastic and harmonious gathering of leaders that the party will enter the campaign cemented as a unit. While the candidates for the various oMca are legion, yet good feeling seems to prevail on every hand, and while many will be disappointed, we are safe nla the prediction that none will sulk. we tlfW Ld1to1elol1e-, that the successful candidates will re ceive the hearty and earnest support of their less fortunate brethren, and that all will unite to roll up a regular old time republican majority. T11 I TAK PAIL IIg Cmue , Fln Ws, sisllst Exihit Under the able management of its effcient directors the Twenty-llfth Annual Exhibition of the Montasa State Fair, has been the most succes ful yet. The grounds, exhibits uad general aspect of things gave evi dence of careful and skilful prepar, tioa, reflecting great credit on all parties concerned. The crowds have been large, nine thousand being prev eat on Thursday, and everyone seemed highly pleased. The races have been exceptionally fne and the general exhibits were fully up tothe average. On the whole the city has just reason to feel highly flattered at the success attending the fair, and visitors have had their most sanguine expectation realised. The hue f All aCled Citiahe is th We desire to obtain a complete list of colored citizens residlng within the state. We therefore kindly ask that friends in the cities and towns throughout the state send us the names and postomce address oT the heads, male or female, of as many colored families as can be convenient ly obtained. Persons so favoring us will have acknowledgment thereof made through the columns of this paper. AFIS-AEIIICAN CLOL A large and enthusiastic meeting of this club was held last Wednesday night. Prof. Cole's excellent band enlivened the proceedings with patri otic airs. President J. P. Ball, Sr., delivered his inaugural address, which was an able paper full of wise and sound advice to the members of the club, as well as to the colored voters throughout the state. We regret that want of space pre vents us from producing it in full. Interesting addresses were also made by vice-president Jas. Crump, B. F. Hooper, W. P. Hough, Mr. Wheaton of Livingston and others. The club will meet again Wednesday night. The Seattle Republican is one of the brightest, best edited and newsi est colored papers published. Mr. S. R. Cayton, its editor, is a gentleman of very considerable newspaper ex perience, having climbed the rounds from editor and proprietor of a cross roads hand bill In Kansas to local re porter of one of the leading dailies of Seattle, Wash. He is made of just the kind of stuff that constitutes a typical journalist. He is an enes getic rustler and don't down at even blow though aimed with a strong atr We predict for him long and cO tinued success.