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THE COLORED CITIZ N.
DEVOTED ',0 THE IzIrzBIT 1 Or OLORED ZrICAZ .3 Vol.. 1. No. 4. HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1894. $2.ao Pna Yat. D. S. HODGE, SIIA.I ~aT' 701 o WANAMAKER& BROWN, of Philadelphia THE ROYAL TAILORS, of Chicago. New fall aqd Winter lamples Just Deceived D. S. HODCE, 22 North Warren St. THE LRTEST STYLES LOWEST-PRICES IN H OES. CLARKE & FRANK, - Montana Shoe Co. T. 1. (LEWELL, BOOKSELLER and STATIONER 0ON. Main St., Cold Blook, Helena, Mont. CARRIES A FULL LINE OF s Books, Fine Stationery, School Books SCHOOL SUPPLIES. LADI.S' AhD GENLEIEI'' FIl POC.ET B01 AND PUB8. TYPEWRITER SUPPLIES, BLANK BOOKS. Special attention given to Subscription, to Papers, Magasines, Etc., from anl parts oo the world. General Agent for the Smith Premier Typewriter. FOR LOW PRIOCES AND OOD GOODS GO TO PEAIRSALL, The Grocer. SStpseand Fancy Qrooerlee. HAY, ORAIN AND Imported and Domestic CIgars and Liquors. FEED. TELEPHONE 326. MAIN STREET. COR. STATE, The Largest, Best;Elquipped FPIMII EITDUSWIiMl IN THR WirT IR THAT Or Ross & FranI MINING COIMPANIES SUPPLIED WITH STOOK OCERTIFICATES, PAY ROLLS . . . TIME SHEETS, And everything needed. Mail order promptly attended to. Furished Rooms by the Day, Week or Meth. MRS. V. TAYLOR, PRO P I LTR EMS. I16 JACKSON ST. Helena, * - Montana. J. W. KINSLEY. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. tLV[LI ouL. HELENA. MONT. DR. M. ROCKMAN, Ph.siolan and Surgeon. aeri . Itr sd rivate 4y si eMase. Osc.-et of roadway Rkelea. MONTANA NATIOMNAL BANK OF HELENA, MONTANA. CAPITAL PAID IN $500,000. SURPLUS $100,000. THOB. A. MARLOW .................. Prsidet RORT. L. McCULLO, ........ Vice Premednt ALBERT L SMITH ............... Cashier R . P WEIRI('K. .................st. Cashier DIREOTORS. Thos A. Marlow, H. . Gales, David A. Cory, . W Walk.a, Herman 0 A. H. Wilder, Niholas Ker . J. MeNamara, . Ford. Olneral Banking BSolnesa Tranaacted. THE MEROCHANTS NATIONAL BAN K. OF HELENA, MONTANA. UNITED BTATES DEPOSITORY. eupim uad UNivud hFdi $171,866 L H. HERSFBIELD ............. President A. J. DAVIDBON ..........Vice President AARON RERSHFIELD ............Cashier T. P. BOWMAN...................Amet. Cashler Interrt allowe4 on depoalts left for a specifedtame. Transfers of money made by teleraph. Exchat e sold on the principal cities of the United tes and Europe. Boxes for rest at reasonable rates i our Ere and brglar.proof safe depsdt vaults. NATIONAL WEALTH. NEW ENGLAND NO LONGER LEADS IN ACCUMULATED WEALTH. The "we Wet be w by as ZemSm cmua to nase karpese tLa eo e Sm betearmes spates Ia te A mutalain cf Tea Tear.. The increase oa wealth from 1880 t 1890 in the states has camused muh gomment. Free traders and calamity howlers have bild up the eastern maus facturing states as awful examples c greed and robbery, while the poverty ot the west has been oited in snob pi.eas and heartrending stories of wrong and oppreston that common justi demandsu that the people shall be informed at once of the fraud these decelvers of the people are trying to have them believa The census bulletin on wealth, No, 87, issued March 19, 1894, is madethe bai. of caloulation. The inareased wealth at the naiona I $21,895,091,197, or $1.089 per eapita Twenty-eight out of the 60 states -ad territories erceed the average tan se per capita Of these only ve ue east. ern states-namely, Conneooout, Mas sachusetts, New York, Pennm lvai and Rhode Island-these rive having only an average gain of $1.387 per wp Its, while the Ave western states o California, Colorado, Idaho, Mo s-. and Nevada have an average of $8.4 per capita The only states whoh have lost l. the pst 10 years are eastern ate Maine, New Hampshire and Vermcat Kansas, which the Popullsts have pauperised on every possible opa.cesa, saved and accumulated tore wealth in the 10 years preceding 1890 did Massachpsett. Nebraska ezNsee Pennsylvania in her aocumula.ti while Minnesota, Michigan and Wis cousin all and each passed New Jerss in the race for wealth. Where do you afnd the "robbe baron," the "giant robber," the "fortress of geed and gain?" No lom ger in manufactoring New glman. Pennsylvania gives place to TareM In the total sum of her avin, and New York, with 3,000,000 of inmcrese wealth, has not as much to divide to each person as those in the Distris of Ooltambi, where a factory is not haowm M.rtgag. am Dee. The table prepared by the oensus be rean shows the mortgages in force Jan. 1, 1890, giving the per cents of number and the amounts for which said mort gages were given. From the character of the public debates in conpgress and from newspaper editorials one would suppose that the entire mortgage in debtedness of the peat west especially had bedn given in order that the people mjlght -hve, ans I m.ann unrm which to live, attempting to show that the mortgages were the result of the perilous times through which these people have been passing. The table which is ap pended is a complete refutation of this chin More than half of the mortgages given were for purchase money. We all know what this means. An individual is able to buyaf rm or a piece real estate by paying a part down and mortgaging for the remainder. Twenty per cent of these mortgages were given for improve ments upon the property. Four and one half per cent were given for purchase money and improvements combined. Six per cent was given for business purposes. An individual wishes ready cash upon which to speculate or do busi ne. He thereby mortgages his farm. Another owns a large tract of land, but be wants farm machinery, domestic animals and other personal property with which to improve it This carries 1.96 per cent of the whole amount. N4 Mwtresaed wr Mr.o to Lav UpI.. That which is said to be his family expenses-namely, being the amount upon which the farmer and his family live-amounts to only & 40 per cent of the number of tracts so mortgaged, or 1.78 per cent of the amount so mort The riends of god government a.d Republican control, against whom the infamous charge at mortgage indebted nees has been hurled, are asked to care fully read this table. You will notice at the bottom of the table the total amount at mortgaged indebtedness is $1,094, 877,798 in 1890. This was placed on 9,517,747 separate pieces ca prtperty. By an eaumination of the reports of the eleventh census the collection of taxes for state, local and school purposes in 1890 amounted to $69,36,6384, or $9.09 per capita for the whole country. These figures reveal some strange con ditics, so far as state, county and city government is concerned, and they fur nish in part an answer to the great clamor that is constantly heard in the congres of the United States for the lessening of taxes The southern states, divided into two divisions, known as the south Atlantic and the south central divisions, re wr thy af an examination as compared with the rest of the United States. The saouth Atlantic division, including the District of Columbia, pays annually $4.81 per capit for all taxes, including schools, while the south central division pays only $4.08 per epits, making a general Overage per capita for all the southern sates o $4.14 for all sta local anad dsh t am. The nort Atlantic division pays per capita $19.83. The north central divi sai pays $9.80. The western division pays $1.0, or an average for all the states outide of the south of $1 4 T, being three times the amount per capita paid by the south. Here, again, we dis over the difference between purely agri cultural staes and states with diverm ed lndustries. The south, without fas. toris and industrial improvement, Is also without enterprise or public im How the people of North Carolina can manage the dairs of a great state ha ing uch resources as she is capable o with a tax ler of 1.99 er ,ants fe all purposes, while in the Distrit of Co lumbia $1.88 per capita are collected, or In Mhssachsetts $30. 76 are collected, or in Nevada $988. are collected, can ly be understood a revealing the ut want of enterprise in publio affairs. Thee figures are cited to show that in states where free trade ides prevail hing else partakes of the nature of ohbeapn -ehep an obhep bomes, cheap roads, chep towans, cheap rail , against the thrift and enter irie of New Englau d and the great I West . s lee nes The Demoorat. having smcceeded in ng a tariff bill which alts every , i the promises and expectations of the framers and champions no the meaure are in anywise fullled, the most sanguine of ur people will be pleased. The question of money at once takes .the place of tarif in the minds of all thoughtful reople and is the all absorb ing topic of investigatin and discus following the lines laid down by the Sepublioan party more than 80 years ago, when as a party they were com pled to aoriginae and adopt a system Surrency and national credit, which was to be tesd b t moast desperae if all methods known in history, bt which was to smcceed and triumph in semirlng a place in the monetary ea tsmes of the world far above anything ver Instituted in human goernmeut, they havee oatiued to pesse and main tain uanbrken through all the yas of Republican 'ontrol an insroheageable arrenay bused upon co, eery dollar of which has been maintained and . deemed asoordingo to he original pledga. The party odray is il to Pwe ofa sound money ald ball comnte to maintain by legislatlion the use ot old, silver and paper, with proait to all the people. HONORED BY A NATION. mie. Begu1es 3eeves he URbbe art Me *Lgssa er Muses. The French government, by awarding the ribbon of the Legion ot Honor to Mmae Bogelot, has turned a brilliant lit on a personality whose aeer has hitherto taia -iew iati -l Leaving to others the oae d vindleat 1mg the feminine ca.e in publio meet iLgs and in the press, MmY Bogelot as devoted her life to the redemption it female criminals. Her name is int mately connected with that highly phil. anthropio work, the "(Hntre de Lber es de St. Lasae," of whleh she is now directres, and it is mainly due to the fat that she persoa ily represented the society at the woman's coungrp at Chi cago that she owes this public recogni tion of her worth-an honor seldom vouchsafed to women, however well merited. To be thus singled oat from among others of her sex must certainly be extremely gratifying, but it is pleas ing to find that Mme. Bogelot takes her honors very meekly. The predominating characteristics of the new bevaliere are meekness and ceerfulness, combined with excellent business capuacties and a boundless compassion for human errors and misfortunes of every shape She is an admirable specimen of that olass of Frenchwomen about whom the fashionable society of Paris knows lit tie. "The world and I are strangers I never go out, never pay visits," Mma Bogelot explained in a recent interview. "I rise early, the morning is spent at home dictating letters to my private seo retary. During the afternoon hours I am generally to be found at the otAess of the (Euvre des IAberees de St. La. sae. At 6 o'clock I return to dine with my husband and son, and I am seldom out of bed after 8." This is the simple epitome o Mmha Bogelot's self sacrilcing existence In her home surroundings there are abun dant evidences that the humanitarian labors of this excellent woman are not allowed to interfere with the comfort of her husband. There is no disorder in her household. You feel that every thing moves on oiled wheels. A roomy fiat in a large house situated in a small street turning out of the busy BRue de Rivoli is her abode, solidly but simply furnished, a single, middle aged serv ant composing the entire sta. It is pleasant to note that between husband and wife there is complete harmony of ideas and interests, IL Bogelot, who is a member of the bar, afording his wife aid and advice on all legal matters con reeted with her work. Few women leading more or less of a public life manage to steer clear o the quicksands of sectarianism. That Mma Bogelot has been able to do so is due Spartly to a well balanced mind and I amiable temper, partly to the manifold I eooupations of her busy lif. She is ewr s adyto give advice a reeet to the administration of swolies a matter L which she is thoroghly coavenant, but she wisely restricts her own labors to the speolal lines she has taken up, and which absorb all her time and mer gles Politics mnevl attrated her, nor has she ever taken active part in the vindientia of wom.'s rights Still she is ever ready to lend a helprg hand to members do her own me, to fellow workers as well a is the dislnherited by fortunea Ht, altheugh bshe peronal lyprefers tohod aloo toor party sri the woman's case has undoubtedly her entire sympathy. Indeed it would have been strange had It been otherwise, owing to the great hfldsip that est ad between her sad the late Maria De raismea The oon ti between them was almost that of mistres and pupil. There was a diereaose of some 10 years in their ages, and Isabelle Bogelot, when a weakly child, was taken under the wing of the elder woman and her sister, Mma PFenins that she might have the benmet ot country air, and is. malned an inmate at their house until she married. This early training had probably a great efeot cm her sabs quent career. Not being gifted with literary abill. ties as was the mre brilliant Marts Deraimes, she sought to render herself useful in other way It was not, bow eve, until after her marrage tat she j the (uEm des Liberees de L war h with whish her name his Wasce been so inseparably enm ted. This was in 1878, and the sociaety had been founded three years previously by Mile Miohel ds Gradps the alse of the chaplain of Si. Larne, who had been strack during her iateroease with the lamates of this he of detention by the ainety evlaced q so ma ry the prisoners as their terms of mlaprison meat came to a elss ed em hnew they would be ase mose n their own resouaees e have to do bake tie with the diAeultie et lls, heavily handicapped by the Iesday .y a Iom victio. Initiated age the w as d the soolety by Man rnfie ie des, its vice posemt, rns Bogelot threw herself Ito the wrak haut and soul sad wa very e s eetsd a s ber of the coslla to blecome I 1880, its general dibetesse, a pi which she has hoeMwellase-Lrsden Qseeu. WEST VIf gp OR m1081IO Thm.e Rause Tmse Age Wth P eiU was oa esi Tts w ta seln. The question d protection for wool end manufatures there seems to have occupled the attention cd the lawmakers in the American colonies in the very be ginning at their htory. As early a 1609 the coloniss of Jamestown, Va, wene provided with sheep, which did not increase very rapidly in conequence ed their destratien by wolves, so that to 1648, 9 years after their first intro whole colony of Virginia wea only 8,000. The fist evidemce ' government protection for wool wa in an enactment pased in 1667, setting forth that no sheep be transported out'of the colony eaept upon such penalties a may be thought it hr thm govrnor and the ooouncil, and in 166e VLrgnir , a stat ate, not only prohibited the exporta tion of wool, but offeed a bounty as an encouragement to the raising of sheep and the establishment of woolen manu factores by offering Are pounds of to beaoo (at that time Virginia courrenoy) for every yard of woolen eloth made in the colony. Thus proteotlio was born on Virginia soll. The principle of protection to American industries was again recog nised in 1664, when, with a view to di versiying industries, the general assem bly of Virginia, at the publio expense, established in each county looms for weavers In 1668 a law was passed for the purpose of better converting wool, flax and hemp into clothing. The com missiamers of the county courts were given authority to build houses for the instruction of poor ehildren in the art at spinning and weaving. And to further promote these objects laws were enacted in 1688 imposing heavy penalties upon the exportation of wool, and for the encouragement of the working up of wool into cloth a bounty do six pounds of tobaooo was provided for every person making a yard of woolen cloth, or linsey woolsey, three fourthe of a yard wide, and for every dosen pairs of men's or women's woolen or worsted hoe a bounty of IS pounds of tobacco was offered. The price of wool was fixed at 8 pence per pound for eeces, washed before shearing. In 1687 Virginia passed an act for the encourage ment at domestic manufactures, includ ing those from wool, which was rejected by the king as hostile to English inter este, for in her colonial policy England was always selfish and cruel-a sow that devoured her own litter. FREE COAL AND TAXED SUGAR. r. Commumr Tas sam t a Ts," 'a tls Demerstat, S ee Wbh t Memas. In considering the effect ad free coal and a tax upon sugar it must be remem bered that, according to the Democratic theory, the consumer pays the tax. Our imports of coal in 1893 were 1,864,817 toms, upon which was collect ed a duty of 76 cents per ton, or a total ot $1,0238,18 in a single year. This is the extent of the relief that would be accorded to the American peopleby free coaL Our c.nsumption at sugar last ear average prite of I would be waeth valorem tatri d db ci amount would be A li" Ieeta uya 4,548,309,500 450,-' oI $iP3,04, 3l0. Feie eeoal m M r ie. the Democa*n pa y~ P·ing hef r Witto1 people ci *izwMmw w ri. capita, while WR 0" m I them 6=,104j, YIn `ttrom frv manl, woman ad MMll 13 the e- , The direct los b1s swuia s e iq ladalka would love b* T$3 eU ?) S e vey lndlidual. a' UN addl·in bind.. of p3,16l, M a . I WHO, it itMI we h Is3 ap irmY Jad ·hlaleW.W~do ~ L In hi le~s th the fad i~·N w-"i lrolrq /h world the awful ~ ý *Damoslaet" whereby DemuibaW atm tramapled apace aaI iabiaJC mmrr to thole oI « uum p the -s a~~ :able calamify thc 1nº fr e known to dcai.. who, rn&wVW mind del ~i tall be las hat bie becname iaO w W oilk and dS~burip M i iterhren whorl unity that they mO--v Tb..e i. rash Ib b hepi onnatlee amcag t bI 'they, libe Jody gba ovra b io rl ;1' d s tOI 51i5 bs u cad In this rwy the hOW W B tbe~lkth b civ.IM The sdisatss ' : -l which the pei Mri8l at - - -a made , app r qd a . , te e closing Jane 1 U1 18N-vge udmed by the treasary depg m ad ts o8~nres by the sesm td e thpeiMe gates, asking w.r w 148L $ . Ap. pop-iaar pnwere a N. 51, beang La a am bu 000,000 le n t In pedshea as-u for Ino the esMtsat9m ti n e then tht, in tt e agpe sJ 9), must appear ia a@pot lity In lb nextyear as a deG W. The * atams this year age bg t , * 858.71 than the ea ograem (the Fifty-first, whimh was beaMd for asl wear by the Deme a "the bilh dollar congres." The enstlioam arno in the appropriateions peae Ieas wa $e9,000,ooo,000O in neoad ainb senthse was appropriated bis yar which leaves the appropriations o thbi year standing i r$68,5lt. 15 o ester them the apper . prinatieons made last ye. The foregoing gves the reader a glimpse at Demeert lIesimda with in. reased approp a1r04a The close ce the agsami aes n ot the Fifty-third ocagre gives v a glimpse at what the De menm7 can do by way io running a gelat t like aran While they have the appo priations over these lest year by sevr eral hundred thonmr they have failed to collect revense eamgh to meet the current expenses d the government The receipts for the year ending June 80, 1894, are 88, .s, 9L78 leos than the receipts for the eel year ending June 80, 1898. This deilt does not show in the aooonts e treasury by reason of the fact that it was paid in part from moneys in the tesuary on March 4, 1894, when Clevemlnd weas naugu rated and in part fro a sle ao bonds made by Secretary Charnle February last amounting to $8l, 8,95.71, by which the annual inteest charge against the government was mlreased wh,000, 000 per annum. By an eunminatian of the tables f.r nished by the lmmaury department of receipts and eapenditures it is shown that President Cleveland expend ed for his first fall feal year $1,295, 477.50 more soearrync the government than was expended in the fiscal year under President Harrison. This is ea olusive of peaslans, for all the saving made by President Cleveland's admia. istration is at the expense aof the old sol Mer of the late war. Love coetinues to triumph over pej udice and politics. Herr Walter, the principal adherent and assistant ao Herr Ahlwardt, the German and-Semitie leader, is to marry a charming Hebrew, Fraulein Derrmansohn. Professor Joseph Hyrtl, the eminent anatomist and the last survivor of the famous groopof scientific men who laid the foundations of the renowned med. leal school of Vienna, has just died at his home near Vicena at the age of 4