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THE COLORED CITIZE.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF OOLOR&ED AMERICASl. . 1. No. H HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1894. $2.oo PER YEAR. The Largest, Best Equipped PnI1TII ESTEitUSlI EIT I, enp: WEIT I 'rI AT I.v Ross & FranI MINING GIPANIES SUPPLIED WITH STOCK CERTIFICATES, PAY ROLLS . . . TIME SHEETS. And everything needed. Mail or ler I prompltly attended to. Fnmished Rooms by the Day, Week or Month. MRS. V. TAYLOR, PROPRiTRIESS. 115 JACKSON ST. Helena, -* Montana. J. W. KINSLEY. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. DENVER ULK. HELENA, MONT DR. M. ROCKMAN, Physiolan and Surgeon. itgectal attention given to ladies' tdiseae4 ; saio genilturinarv and private diseases. omice-'oot of Ilroadway Helena. D. S. HODGE, WANAMAKER & BROWN, of Philadelphia THE ROYAL TAILORS, of Chicago. New fall aqd Winter §amples Just jeceived D. S. HODCE;,'a North Warren St. THE LATEST STYLES LOWEST PRICES IN. 0 E S. CLARKE £ FRANK, - Montana Shoe Co. T. H. CLEWELL, BOOKSELLER and STATIONER 50 N.'Main St., Cold Blook,'Helena, Mont. CARRIES A FULL LINE OF Books, Fine Stationery, School Books SCHOOL SUPPLIES. LADIES' AID GEL S PIEIN' FINE POCET BOOKS AID PURSES. TYPEWRITER SUPPLIES, BLANK BOOKS. -pccial attention given to Subscriptions to Papers, Magazines, Etc., from all parts oo the world. General Agent for the Smith Premier Typewriter. FOR LOW PRICES AND COOD COODS Go To PE/IpSA LL, The Grocer. Staple and Fancy Croceries. NAY, CRAIN AND Imported and Domestic RAIN AND Cigars and Liquors. TELEPHONE 326. MAIN STREET. COR. STATE. THE M ERCHANTS NATIONAL BRN K. OF HELENA, MONTANA. I'NITED STA.T ' DEPOSIToly. Paid in Capital - - - - . 0,000 ,urplus nmd Udividal Preofit - t 170,000 L. II. HERSIHFIEL.D .... ....... President A J. DAVIDSON .....Vice President A ' RON HERHFIELI) ....... ...Cashier I. I'. BOWMAN ........... Asst..Cahsler Interest allowed on deposits left for a specticed time. Transfers of money made by telegraph. Exchange sold on the principal cities of the United e-tates and Europe. lioxes for rent at reasonable rates in our lIre and burglar proof safe deposit vaults. MONTANA NATIOMAL BANK OF HELENA, MONTANA. CAPITAL PAID IN $500,000. SURPLUS $100,000. T1HOl. A. MARLOW........ ...... President ROBT. I. McCULLOH, ........Vice Presadent .\LBERT L. SMITH... ............... Cashier K. H. WEIRHIK ......... ...... .... t. C.hier DIRECTORS. Thes A Marlow, H. F. Galen, John T. Mnrphy, Peter Larson, R. L. Me('ulloh, Henry Bratnaoer. lavid A. Cory, H. ('. Wallace, Herman (Ians A. H. Wilder, Nicholas Kesler, ('. J. McNamarn. F. t. Ford. O.neral Banklng lusiness Tranoeeted. SENATORS SPEAK. BUSINESS PROSPECTS AS SEEN BY REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS. Obstacles to Ile Faced by the Amor.lmu Produeer and Mau.aetar.r-No Idaal gec.a I Lmxuries For the Laberes. AImerleta Goods Must Be Dneplaeed. There can be no reasonable doubt what tho effect of the new tariff law will be upon both the production and the purchasing power of the American people. While there may be a tempo rary revival of business and an apparent increase of production, the level will soon be reached, and then the evil oe feots of the legislation will become ap parent The American producer is to face the problem of free wool and free lumber and a tremendous out on agri altural products and manufactured goods of almost every description. It will not take long for the Ameriean sheep raiser to discover that he cannot compete with the climatic advantages and cheap labor of Australia and South America, and wool growing in the United States will practically oeasa The men engaged in the lumber bes nes will transfer their capital to Cana da, and that country will get the benes fit of free lumber. Our farmers and manufacturers will be compelled to en gage in sharper competition than ever before with the Dominion of Canada and the countries of Europe and Asia. Reduced duties on foreign goods will inevitably result in increased importa tions and a lessening of the product of American mills and American work shops As a consequence wages will be redncdrl in the endeavor to compete with foreign cheap labor, and the purchasing capacity of our people will be corre spondingly curtailedl. The workingman who has been re oeiving $9 per day and indulging in some of the luxuries of life will on $1.50 per day be able to only buy the com monest necessaries for his family, and thus merchant and manufacturer both will feel the effects of reduced wages in the inability of the masses to purhase as heretofore. It seems to me that this will be the inevitable result, and that all classes of our people, whether connected with pro teooted or nonprotected industries, will be made to sufer through the enact ment of this act of "perfidy" and "dis honor. " It cannot result otherwise than detrimentally to American interests, and in due time the Wilson-Gorman bill will be overthrown by the aroused indignation and awakened conscience of the American people. Faithfully yours, J. . GALLUNon , United States Senator From New Hamp shire. The theory of the tariff reformers and at the free traders, whose views are but partially carried out in the Wil son-Gorman tariff bill, is that Amerloan production must be decreased. The bar as robbers and manufacturers who have been putting their hands in the pockets of the people must be stricken down, whioh means that the production of American manufactures must be de creased by the admission through lower duties of foreign goods. The many millions of dollars' worth of such goods in the custom house are awaiting such lower rates. It may be, under the ruling of Secretary Carlisle in the construction of this bill, that such goods will have to be re-exported and reimported in order to secure the lower rate, but to whatever extent these lower duties permit of larger im portations to the same extent will Amer ican production be displaced. Two bod lea cannot occupy the same space at the same time. Every foreign product will displace an equivalent American prod oct, and the foreign wage earner will to that extent displace the American wage earner. To the same extent will the purchasing power of the American people be decreased; to that extqnt will our general welfare and our power of purchasing be decreased. It remains to be seen how much our foreign markets will be enlarged by this bilL The theory of the free trader that we can be admitted to the foreign market by lower duties can only be realised by an absolutely English free trade policy, and not by the half and half bill which has been enacted. More over, the theory is a delusion. ANnTHOY HIoou.s, United States Senator From Delaware. Mmu. CauAmlr.-Per. ime. Casimir-Perier married her cousin and is herself a Perier. She is tall and fair, with a commanding figure, and dresses in admirable taste, with a nuance of royal magnificence. The strong face and deep set eyes give her a sad expression and make her look older than her husband But she is still young enough to lead fashion and will draw all the noblesse of the rallies, and particularly the ralliees, to her recep tions. She has two children-a boy, who is at the Lycee Janson de Sailly in Paris, and a girl of 14 at a convent school, who will be one of the best par tis in France within a few years, for the Casimir-Periers are worth at least £2,000.000. In spite of their plebeian name, they belong to the very best aristo aratic set and ar by no means nouveaui st.eh. -Paris Or. Leadm World. DEMOCRATS FAVOR FOREIGNER& bmsetary arlioe Str tehes te Law o Sqaetle Amerleaa laterests. The attitude of our secretary of the treasury, Mr. Carlisle, in desiring to so osaemodate the foreign manufacturers and the importers of foreign goods is quite in keeping with the free trade pol toy of his party. Were it otherwise we should be surprised at reading the fol lowing extract from a recent Washing. ton dispatch: "Secretary Carlisle is especially aex Stou to find some law of construction by which he can admit goods which under the present law are dutiable and are nor in bond, but which become free under the new tariff law, into the Unit ed States free of duty without subject ing the owners to the expense of export in¶ them and then reimporting them." It is very evident that the Gaorman tadiff bill did not authorise what Sears tary Carlisle has since permitted. Had the new law been explicit in so doing there would have been no occasion for the secretary of the treasury to be "es pesially anxious" to oblige his foreign friends. An honest man would not have sought a quibble or a subterfuge to evade the law. A true American would have executed the law as he found it sad would have been glad of the oppor tunity that served to benefit Amerieeans by prolonging the chance for the em. plsyment of American labor in the manufacture of American goods. The public prominence that has so re peatedly been given to this Democratio eAlcial's inordinate desire to save a few dollars for foreign manufacturers, while at the same time wresting a few dol ies .from the unfortunate Amertena wage earners, is inferential proof that the exact reading of the law has not been put into execution. It was un doubtedly the original intention of the free traders to grant to foreign mann faoturers the spoeial privilege that the Ceasury official has gone out of his way t yield. But through one of its many "inconsistencies and crudities" the origl inal intention of the bill was defeat ed, and a meddlesome offiial has trans acted a very dirty piece of bsiness. Nis action should be tested in a ooort of law. I.ew Taet Reform Was Aeeem rlie. PEOPLE SPEND THEIR SAVINGS. Mosey Drawn Frem the New Yeak Manhs That Was Pat by Duaryg ParperMy. The New York state superintendent of banking has prepared his annual re port upon the savings banks within his Jurisdiction. It is of interest because it shows that the amount of money held by savings banks in this state to the oredit of depositors on July 1, 1894, was $19,000,000 less than on July 1, 1898. Out of the 81 oounties in New York state there were only three that showed any increase in deposits, showing that the result of the threat of free trade was as widespread as it was disastrous. But even this does not represent the true condition of the people in the Empire State. The amount of money deposited in the savings banks during the year ending June 10, 1894, was $87,400,000 less than the people deposited the pre vious year, and the total amount with drawn in 1894 was $34,400,000 grewatr than the total amount deposited in the same year. Here are the details: Amount Amonnt Counties deposited. withdrawn. Albany ................. 4,9490,5 10,e1,0 Broome................ 1,00,79 1,M,4900 (yuga ................. 1,490,859 1,845,00 Chemung ................ 12,25 6.58 Columbia ............... 414,040 640,7 Cortland ................ .57,250 661,66 Dutchems .............. 1,9.1,4) 2,s,4,190 Brie................... 18,614,860 U4 M,71. Pulto o ................... 44,66 ,26 Greene ................... 281,735 1,496 Jefferson ................ 907,61 1,01,090 Kings ..................... 28,217,189 8,19,94 Madison ................. 15,486 407,888 Monroe..... ............ 9,24,6 11,284,07 Montgomery ............ 80t(,00 861,419 New York ............... ,252,00 9,89 ! Niagar................. 1.264,909 1,514,619 Oneida .................. ,073,204 2,701,41 Onondaga ............. 6.80,198 ;,7916, Orange ................ 1,790,110 2,437,174 Oswego ................ 1,18.I69, 1,810,68 Putnam .................. d,981 ,411 Queen. . 1,287,273 1,486,111 Renselar. ............. 1,404,M06 1,61,00 iichmond ............... 53,680 48,8M6 Schenectady...... ...... 458,7 618,87 Seneca .................. 100737 106,16 Suffolk ................... 93,46 1,08M,04 Tompkins.. ............. 52a,5 614,401 Ul ter.... ............ 1,522,908 1,80,147 Wc'tchet..r ............. ,419,0t 4,048.661 totals, June 30, 1864.... .176,0u7.488 0O,430,274 totals. June 30. 1800.... 213,4,26 204.061t.1 Did the Republicans or Democrate Ma-k rapt the Treasury? The statement prepared in the treas ury department and introduced into The Congressional Record by the Hon. D. B. Henderson of Iowa shows the following facts econcerning the amount of money to the treasury at the beginning of the S er adminstratieom: President Oarield found a cash bal sace at the beginning of hL~ term. March 4, 1881, of ............... ....$1m,1 Grover Cleveland. at the beginanng of his first term. March 4. 111 nund................................ 1f.U Prseident Harrison on March 4.11M ound................................ 1 .IN. Grover Cleveland. for his second term. March 4. IS, found......... 184s1 These figures do not sound very much like a bankrupt treasury. If President Cleveland had, as a cautious man, looked to the foreign sources of revenue by which to have maintained the bal ances in the treasury, he would not have been wrestling with a de&oienqy or a bankrupt treasury. MATTHEW MARSHALL'S PREDICTION. The Demoorgus Paler mast n1 bame el Our Amerleam lIaunsttss. It has generally been supposed that Matthew Marshall, the commercial writer of The Ban, was a man of judgl ment, but people are beginning to dobt this, and with reason. In a recent issue of that paper we find the following: "Although the protection to othe manufacturing industries will not be so great nder the new act it is un der that now in force, it is sufficient to keep alive most of them, and the loss to trade by the stoppage of the rest will be compensated by an increased activity in the importation of foreign goods." Matthew Marshall is kind enough to say that the protection afforded un. der the Gorman tariff bill "is safoient to keep alive most of them" (the manu facturers). He acknowledges that some must die, but this is a matter little con mer because in his opinion "the loss s* trade by the stoppage ot the ret will be compensated by an increase of activi ty in the importation of foreign goods " It is fortunate that Matthew Mar shall did not attempt to explain, be cause he couldn't, how the stoppage of any of our manufacturing industries, which means idle people with no pur chasing power, can "be compensated -p an increased activity in the Importe tion of foreign goods," which simply meanus sending so much money out of the country to pay foreign wages and to check the distribution of wages her and the purchasing power of our people Matthew Marshall then went on to denounce those Demorats who urged the president to let the Garman bill be come a law. He must have had In view The Sun's Franco-Amerlim contempo rary, the New York Herald, when he said, "They exhibit the groveling spirit of the Parisian shopkee a. " Further on be stated, "They forgot that the ad vantage which they gain will be tem porary, while the injury to the country will be lasting." How can this be if "the stoppage of the rest" of our man ufactures "will be compensated by an increased activity in the limportation of foreign goods?" This deliberate contradiction in one paragraph of what was written in a previous paragraph not only makes peo ple wonder if Matthew Marshall is sane, but also if the commercial col umns of The Bun are becoming as utter ly unreliable as its editorial predictions of a wheat famine. Mr. Dana need never go bread hungry. There will al ways be ample wheat in the wor!4 to supply him with a crust. But he should not persistently advocate in his paper a policy for the United States that will make the people go hungry and become dependent upon charities and free soup housem It is un-American. "While Me Lamp Holds Out to aear she Vlht S lMamr May Betarsn " Rleslt of 5 "r0e" Coree. Durinag the flve years of 1868-79 there was an import duty of 5 and 3 cents a pound on coffee. There were imported 1,2:11,432,087 pounds at acost of $126, 294,643. On this the government col lected a reven ' of $62,018,331. At the clamorous demand of the Democratic party this "robber tariff, " which taxed the poor man's breakfast table, was re pealed and coffee put on the free list. During the next five years-1878-7 there were imported 1,675,097,880 pounds of coffee at a cost of $978,998, 877, from which the government de rived no revenue. The average price of coffee for the five years of tariff tax was 10 cents and muill per pound. That for the five years of free trade was 16 cents and 5 mills. Repealing the tariff on coffee cot the government in five years $53,01.8,331 in losse of revenue and cost the people $107,206,229 in increased price of coffee. And such is the price of Democratic statesmanship! But you ask. How could this be? When we re pealed our tariff, Brazil levied an ex port tax and transferred the $68,000, 900 to bar coqlers adt the imy tamed a "syndicate" aend t .. th $10,000,000 to their pooYhe -o wonder New York lportena Wot Me trad. See Evans, Export DatIe 1W88 to 1888, page 1?. 0t Wages If Tee a 'It is a good thing to have maqcam gagod thing to work for it, but ye m-tt be careful not to pay too large a price for it. It is yourright to labs doe t and your right to get it if yao em.' This from the New York Herald's Sunday sermon, Aug. 94 Is tole ly amusing when we cosider how that sheet has been clamoring for the in portation of foreign goods la the inter ets of its French -lients. "Get it ii you can" means ome dows to Ishme wages. The total revenue a thei UnIte States fell of by $88,00600 dMrlag 1894 as compared with INS. Total e penditures decreased by only S, 1U - 675. Thu this year o a Dei t administration resulted in the inatry getting more than $'t,000,000 ls- debt. A business man, a smmatesite, a wags earner who spent nearly ew ant more than hiMs ao e would id soon become a bankrupt This i the style of Democratie luaseierlat PROTECTION IN GREAT mRITAIN. A Lomes ler Tare e Werkmes ebbei. We take the following ernest aeal .r protection from a letter pl. d n the Londao Ironmoage et Aug. 4: " seems to be time for some ouserteM S a tion nn the part of steel iman t at Sheffield and elsewhebe i tthe k i dom in regard to thi plaehol F German Arms of steel castnlag by m of our greatest railway aompanmes Within the last week or two em the most important railway eontre ts. these goods has followed the otho to Germany, and for what gatla? Ipr. tially estimated, the gross saving in the eastings for an engine weth 4,000 is from £18 to 2O-thatb 14 Mthe the fourths to 1 per cent an the whole at. "On the other hand, the ampanles .e diverting trade from the drmswho cam tribute most constantly end to the revenue of te railwa th. s. carriage on thi raw material seam th. rob British workers ot their laker, e they gratuitously plae at the saglse -t the foreigner all ar nme pam and designs. It ii true that thes daw= lags are often obtained u.der . y -e camstances by foreiga frms but It is at considerable expense and trouble that are entirely saved to them in these ases by our patrlotlo (f) railway eathMlU.. While the 'masters should do =-e thing,' so should the men, whose.per tunityfor laboris thus take bro thibiM for so paltry a saving. "-Iran and tel Bulletin. ___ __ It Was Net same. President Cleveland's uemge mo vening congress in extra sessio Aug. 7, 1898, states that finacial distrust and fear have sprung up on every ide suddenly. We admit the. hSot The opening sentence of his mesiage ls follows: "With plenteous aropq with a dant promise of remunerativeprodm lam and manufacture, with unusual ln.ita tion to safe investment and with sats factory assurance to business enterprise sddenly financial distrust and fear have sprung up on every sids." The Republicans believe jest whe the president has said in his me.s business assurance, safe inveemrn, abundant promise-bat it was all chaug. a. suddenly when the people disoveed the power they had placed in the ha.ds Ct the Demoorats. C€omdlUe of the DemYesss Vpma.e An old darky rose in paer meeting and exclaimed: "Brethren sad sisters, I have been having a dreadful time since last we met together. I have bees chawing hard bones and swallowing bitter pills. I am afraid I have broken every one of the Ten Commandments; but, thank the Lord, I have not lost my religion." Tho Democrats have knocked oat -e ery plank in the Chicagoplatform; but, thank the Lord, thern ae Deemorats stilL Ia the Bottemti.s u t SII Is Preident Cleveland informed oan gress and the people, through the Cahb ings medium, that he would not permit himself "to be separated from my per ty " No, he will not. He will sink, first and h.i.d first, into the bottomless pit that h, has been digging for Democ racy durinu :l.e past 18 months They willl siak together. There will be o separation.