Newspaper Page Text
HE COLO RED ITIZEN
DEVOTED TO THE INTURESTS O CSM m A1. ANS. 9 1. No. 9. HELENA, MONTANA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1894. THE MENCHANTS NATIONAL BRNK, OF HLIWNA. MONTANA PsInit in Inapilil " " " 1400 I. d1 H 4NSllY L l1 ..... . . 'I.t*4drait j . l.)AVIDR)N Vlre~ Presidernt I' ROW. \N rr1."tahwlr I ottrx allt~& owed on deo iEsit left t I411' A l cIntedtiLlme. Trarutfer'tof money mioatld eb ielegraphI . Exchange asld on the prlncilmla Itlr' a the~c I'nlterl palate. and Eurulr". Ituxcs feor rent .t rea44111able rate- in our III r aJnd burglar proonf .ife deiNslit tuiltt. MONTANA NATIOMAL BANK OF HELENA, MO#4IANA. CAPITAL PAID IN $500,000. SURPLUS $100,000. lI'HOi. A. MARLOW) . . ... Prowfrint IOnT. L. YMetLLOH. Viers Pre. dent .tLIERT L SMITH-. ..... Cashier h:. H. WEIRI"'K ..... .. ... ·· wt. Cashier DIRECTORS. TWO% arow II. F. dell.Ien~tailr Jahn T.Mufyln. Peter Iuewu. . ehenry Bstnolwr DaE1id A. t'ort', it. V. Walime.. Hemut U(ane A. H. Wilder. NiNbna Keseienr, ('. J. McNanaritn. V.. t. Fl rd. (I-eeal linking lushness Transacted The Largest, lest Equipped P11101 ESTAllIUEIT IN rir WMarr WI 1r4r T * Ross & Fran mxztatrA, M*OV" - MINING COMPANIES SUPPLIED WITH STOCK CERTIFICATES, PAY ROLLS . . • TIME SHrEl48. - An.d rverything nrdredl. M.lli ordern pro-mptly Attended t,. Fnhelmd Room by the Day, Week or Month. MRS. V. TAYLOR, PROPRIETR•ESS. 116 JACKSON ST. Helena, - - Montana. J. W. KINSLEY. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. DENVER ILK. HELENA. WONT. DR. M. ROCKMAN, Physlcian and Surgeon. •pectal attenUon giveno to ladies' diseases; aso genlto-urtlary and private diseales. Ol--FPoot of Broadway elena. COINAGE OF SILVER. SECRETARY CARLISLE ATTEMPTS TO DECEIVE THE PUBLIC. Political Claptrap Il Not What the Pe. pie Are Lookieg For--Only Busiem sad unmploywent Meet the Pubhle lemaled. A T'raaapurl-nt Humbug. The Iscruetary of the treasury is at te-mpting to, make a great virtue out of the f(act that the mint is now coining silver dollars. Ilia letter to Congress nan Heard of Missouri on that subject is a ibuast which is evidently natended for th- ignorant, who will not bein formed of the unoandid purpose in put. tiug it before the public. 'I'lhre could be no object in trumpet ing to the country the fact that silver dollars were being minted if it were not to spread abroad the idea that the Demo cratic party is the friend of silver and that they are increasing the volume of ,money by coining silver dollars. The truth is that the status of silver is not affected in the least by the coinage of the bullion now owned by the govern ment. There are now outstanding and in circulation among the people certifi oate. which represent every dollar that is being coined. Whenever five or ten of those new silver dollars are put in circulation a $5 or $10 silver certificate is withdrawn from circulation and de stroywl at the treasury department. The department is doing the business public no favor by this piece of finanoiering. Any business man, workingman or pro feamional man who has $1 atr $ to han ile would much prefer the $1 or $ sill ver certificates to the, heavy silver dol lars. It is a piece of political claptrap, concocted and being carried out at this time for the purpose of deceiving the friends of silver in the south and west into believing that the Democratic par ty hai returned to its devotion to the dollar of the daddies. They will be put in circulation in large quantities in the south and west, so that every man will come into pnssession of silver dollars of the mintage of 1894. The Democratic country newspapers and the campaign eraof the party will then tell the masses that their party has restored silver to its rightful place as a money metal and that the mins are running at full blast, coining those dollars by the million. They will challenge their auditors to go down in their pookets for a silver dol. lar, gaze on its bright new face and read the year of mintage stamped on it. In every case where a man will have one of those silver dollars he would have had a paper certificate representing it if the colan had not been lued. But the Democratic orator or editor will not tell that part of the story, and often times the ignorant Democrats will be convilnced that their party is the sincere and practical friend of silver. To all attempts at enlightenment they will flash up Carlisle's little Jokers and de clare that no argument can wipe out that bright hard dollar with the goddess of liberty and 1894 stamped on it. The Republican press and speakers should employ every means to enlighten the people as to this Carlisle trick. They should be informed that the Dem .cratio administration places a very low estimate on the people's intelligence when they attempt to deceive them with such a transparent humbug. The base prostitution of the treasury to par tisan etlas only adds one more to theal ready long list of reasons why Democ racy should and will be rebuked at the polls next November.-Syracuse (N. Y.; Post. COAL, 1O1N AND SUGAR. The Pc.ldeats Atteek as Laber and Tax -e the Dreek.sA t Table. The president of the United BState, Mr. Grover Cleveland, has een t to recommend to congres that coal and iron ore should be admitted into the United nltat" free of duty, and that sugar should be taxed. The extent of such an evil may be briefly stated a follows: The coal product of the United States In 1892 was 180,000,000 tone, worth $207,566,881 at the mines' mouth. It afforded employment to 841,948 work er. who each found remunerative oc cupation on 21 different days in the year. Their earnings amounted to $124, - 809,196, and all expenditures to $146, 586,280. The total amount of capital invented in the coal mines was $850, 000,)000 The prinolpal states of pro duction, in their order cd importance, were Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, West Virginia, Alabama, Iowa, Colorado, Maryland, Indiana, Kentucky, Kansas, Missouri, Wyoming and Tennessee. The United States senators from these states are interested in the welfare and pros perity of their state enterprises and in dwstriec The iron ore product of the United States for the year ended June 380Pl890 was 14,518,041 tons of 2.240 pounds each, worth $8S,$81,978 at the mines' mouth. It afforded employment to 88, 227 workers, who earned $14,409.161. The total amount of capital invested was $109,764,199, and the total year's expenditures were $.4,781,658 from 693 different mines. The principal states of production, in their order of impor tance, were Pennsylvanla, Ohio, Al. bami llina Jew Ik YFIhda.t Teneee, Michfgan, Wlomonan, New Jersey, West Virginia, Missouri and Maryland. The United States senators from these states are interested in the welfare and prosperity of their state en terprises and industries. The sugar conuomption of the United States on a basis of 68,000,000 people, at a per capita consumption of 65 pounds, is 4,480,000,000 pounds of sugar. The value of 4,420,000,000 pounds at 3 cents per pound is $182, 600, 000. An ad valorem tax of 40 per cent upon this $182,600,000 will be $58, 040,000. This tax of $58,040,000 di vided among the 68,000,000 consumers of sugar will be 78 cents upon each man, woman and child, or $8.90 upon each family of five persons HOW BUSINESS DEPRECIATED. A Showirg of Demoeratle Maladmatatra Stem That ets All Reeoids. The total bank clearings of the coun try from April 1, 1898, to March 81, 1894, showed a loss in the volume of trade in the United States as reported at 55 different cities amounting to more than $18,500,000,00 in money. Inves tigating this same interesting subject during the second year of the present admlnistration, we ind that from April I to June 80 the bank clearings at the same 55 different cities have been even less than they were during the same three months of 1898. And comparing these three months of the present and two prseedihg years we have the follow ing: IA*NK OLMA1Mus AT nm-v-rivmcaytI . las. lI April. S.J,ahT,keS 1.A,,t.U fI0sWl4,t May.. essus, I s. ,lmaw l.gaU5I ,g June.. a.seaa sl . 4assJa1 4,us,1asm Silia.i.msi $1sa4,71ai ,m 1a(sstaes.m. Here it is san that where the frst three months of a Democratic adminis tration in 189, resulted in soomparative ly trifling loss of some $880,000,000 to trade in the United States as compared with the business during the same months of 1892, a year later we And that the aggregate shrinkage of business for the corresponding period in 1894 has exceeded $8,500,000,000 as com pared with 1898, while this year's busi ness as compared with that of the pros perous year of 1893 shows the enormous decrease of almost $4,000,000,000. The clearing house reports to Brad street's during the first six tuonths of the present year show a shrinkage of over $9,000,0o0,000 an compared with the Arst six months of 1893, a loss of 29 per cent in the country's business. This in an economic record of Democratic maladministration through the fear of tariff tinkering that cannot be extin guished. The Workman's Call. Meed, labor, heed )oUr .hlldrrl-'s (tries and k-4 free traders see The nation's once proud auverelKu in lss peer. lees majesty Make elties shake and traltors quake beneath )ounr mighty tread. The voies that sings Wutection's hymn should wake the very deed. Tall Cleveland now and Cockra,. tooaad Wil esa, with his bill. That they stand to hostile attitude to work men's espresed will. * Tell that horde of free trade lords who now In congress rave They'll beer the brand of Arnold to a fool. di honored grave. efaore us stand the fabrics grand protection laws have raised. Their alient looms, their ruined homes and Ia bur now debased. The giant twain of hand and brain free triad ers have struck down, And the nation's once prout sovereign Is a pauper on the towe. The home of peace and wifelike grace is cold and cheerless now. free traders' work has left its mark on t he weeplng mother's brow. The naked walls and wind swept hball the sad deaint story tells. Our youth most And some shelter kind in the city's gilded bells. Who is the knave that madly raves for Wil. soe's free trade plan lI congress hall to plan the fall of the once proud workingman? ase Cochraa first, who held our trust. againet uo has engaged. He's playing the clown and low bufwoon on Cleveland's free trade stage. sMame other names that labor clainms will fight our battle still. They will espouse the norkman's calise and smash the Wilson bill. We daily note each word and vote pss-ed In that congress hall. The min thast now strike, labor down I..- time has come to fall -Clarle-J.l-o..n. Proteetieo. 4 .ep Warmr Prdues. The value of the wheat crop ot the United States is $826,000,000, the corn crop $33o0,00,000, the hay crop $760, 000.000, and yet the new tarif bill pased by the De.aoraaa oa the ptsnt a dree reduces the duty a hap 50 pr O GREAT GROVYI MAY THE PRAYER OF THE RIHT EOUS AVAIL US MUCH. We Speke Ia meate but New Is Ihsepl ave Tree eeu '.g--e .rven The 1e a Lea aMo ma tInner. They Ten Ness . iaee D Thee IsL O reat and all wise Grove, se a.oe re thank thee for thy boaihl goodness toward ua O arest aster, we tlk theeIor the priviese of patting maloth upon our backs and of dtlag t ahes and of eat Ing thy fhe trade soup 0 r mster, we hoew tabt thou speakeet in perables o at, foe bht thon not mid nla m o thy speehes that wheat would beworth 1.5 per babel, and that wages would be high it we would only make thee eur peald Now, great mster, it is all de to a that thou speakest in parables, an tat thy puaning was that, when MaEald. and Reed should be elected in 18s, then we shoaldt recesive a high pge for our wheat and idgh 'ages or our labor. B. pet mte, we le thee st@ll, for we know that when ta art done with as that we will be fit eb jecte for a dime museum, there to m plenty and rest in peae O grea maste, we know that t Breakinrdge mandl has grievead te sorely, and we know that when thn art grieved thou ge as -b %g Ba enu's bay. O great mueter, the pply of thy Cleveland badges t running abrt. the meason t the howing blimermds Is ap praching, and we have not the where withal to replace thy badges O eat master, we know thou but -oten told us that the road ct athee trader is a hard road to travel tn this ountry, buat blesd is he that endureth to the end, even though his bled be not able to recognise him. If thou wilt only veto this WUle bill, we will stand by the lia. till 189& Then we will hrrah loudly for McKinley and iead. O reat Grover, we are growing thin upon the substance of things doutful and thing not eaen. Wilt them not do son, thing. 0 great mater, before ty term of office det expire, for then thou wilt be a nobody, a ainoep with no power and not able to do aythln Orgueat mater, what is eeager - doe ing? Is it steeped in the silurian mud at partisan prejudice or hidden by the vapor rising 'midst its pampered Imag ination. It has blown its trumpet long and loud. but it has done us no good. O great master, has this great on irero which wa on thy hands dropped through the crater into the mire and stock there? Of a truth, maste, there is but little danger that aroehologloal research will ever unearth its lonely habitat, for is it not true, O Grover, that only the orudest fosils e.ut in that lower strata? O great Grover, that free trade song which thou has sung is but as a ohest nut. It has been sung and sung and sung again with variations. Yea, verily, it has been sung time and time again until all the people have grown weary of its dull monotone. O great master, why hast thou not done something in these long 18 months of our weary wait, thou who hast had to bear with the lean of thy kind? It would even be a merciful act, 0 great and good Mr. Grover, to drive us from this earthly existence, for we are long ing, longing, longing for a change. .JoHN D. WINN. Independence, Or. CHILE FOR PROTECTION. UP-rImums to Be Paid to resLer me oroew of New Iad.strle. Through the hureau of American re publics of the department at state we learn that the Chilean government has rigorously taken up the question of in dustrial progress and seeks the co-opera tion of the local agricultural, mini"g and manufacturing societies In order to augment the productive manufactur ing power of Chile, the Sooiety For the Promotion of Manufactures has suggest ed to the guovernment that the msm of $600,000 be disbursed annually for a number of years as premiums for the es tablishment of certain industries, to be divided as follows: Ironworks capable of producing a cer tain nunuher of tons of Iron per an aum.................................... 10.g 0 Cotton mill............................... 000 Linen factory..... ....................... .000 Nitrale of potash facture ................ W 0J0 Superphoephate fa, tor) ................. .,0 Gla s factory .... ..................... 10.1x Earthenware factory.................... o0.0 lack factory .... ......................... 00l Hat factory ............................... 4011 White paper factory..................... 1.000 Match factory, wax or waod............ _m01 This attempt to foster and develop the production of manufacturing enter prises in Chile is to be supplemented by eztensively advertising the possibilities of that country in these several diree tioan. To the manufacturers in the United States it opens up a prospect for further competition, especially in South American trade, which is of equal interest to both labor and capitaL Wblch It Never had. After retling Senator Gray's repo. on the sugar scandal one is compelled to believe that with proper encourage meat the senator could give eves the Dmoorat1e party a good chamaor. - 9YL WpgNmtress. INTKE 8I0R When 5e3 Pwmaha o--w shem hi a a, m et Ben now M Ms 111 0 h, bar the ontl ul snei / wdst a good deal iat " ialb ses. When . saw nas , a hise was likly to mehts i 9 a41 her mind, he pasbsd i his wbe lon lae and sas Ied ka -I whleb hai qu ed hee been sa-the 8tah W mh Itwas b anas task L wi ,he i ba his h. a to eu a ho e tb prairie, and to beu alone Im ge gnd `. when. land was cheap, be l t he mb. post ot settlers. Ne tookap dbt salt paid his etry be, that gas M the al to enali t lead his ow, ýnie ia hut dof sods. Howard's asm yea's eps bad ess well, and aftr the wee was b he D shied bmeself to am easm in e, hi the bas equlpat d kM bems n beught some s sa pqepaM te ibsms o a.s, mem M us a s hy n Howa looa tg ýbn Ne der as memontg, awhmo ema eem _ -" the Ms ssarns ee-., e M -e thbq base hond a dmahser,"he ats asad it. Gis that hae o ea hir own living ought to am. e. IV .bd ough aout bhar be a . m u." The ows . ams d sa a wn. lnem beLugh : Ma uos en1 bMe L the stea a new wres mNiN with te new, ad s m Wa e hiskum hI woa ano i his pea s asems hean. t we He had badlye MB the towrn and bk . a qin envl thew ds t d cas know. 1 waM "a en tb et woisdm Ese So aes t l l S ab a~tle... and er lile had bLas aodn his md all day. He not know who she was, a head bee ad her snae, had seen br only samrs the dietane ad the white fields, but ble knew abe was a woman who was struggling alone to aeks her way in the world. This hot aps ,gsd to him. The stormn had ones sa ddemly thMaso one would dame to estome out untl its l uryn wao tn Tr gir and her pupils - ewould be uthobooou.se, pusedn mrs perhaps for meany tuible hours. vem the people noist would not dare try to make their way thesm for they could not hope to battle against the bindlng, divy ig, freasing storm. As for Howard, he was already in th *ght, and is was omly a question whether he should try to a turn to town or push on a few miles fat ther. He felt instlintively that a man was needed at the sohoolbous. He pushed steodily forward. Tbohe snow drove about hbi and coversd the track and blinded him. It tung whre it struck his face and hands. It froe upon his beard and upon the harness of his horsed. More than once he thought he had lost the way and halted and groped about for the road. He became chilled, eo that be could hardly move, could hardly guide his horses. Once he felt It was no use to battle further and stopped, and the storm aged about him. Butheknew it wascow ardly to give up, so he urged the hoaer forward again. Then he sank Into a leth argy, and the cold began to do its work upon him. Suddenly be was aroused. The horses had stopped, and a house loomed up before him, dimly een through the storm. Howard drew up his stiffened limbs and stumbled from the wagon and threw himself against the door. It opeod, and he half fell inside, carrying with him great gusts of chilling wind and snow. As soon as he had brushed the snow from his eyes and become used to the dim light of the room this s what he saw: A dozen children huddled about a stoer In which there was only the least spark of Are, and a woman standing upright, look nlg at him with white face, but with an ntensity of questioning that aseemed to ask If he were man or ghost. Halt dazed with cold and sufferling as he was, that look brought him tobimself. He said but one word, 'ausle!" and opened his arms. And the next moment be held her to him and was pressing his frosen heard against her cheek. A man may be warmed from within as well as from without. He forgot his hours of suffering and battling with the storm. He put aside her questioning and all thought of himself. The ie in the stove gave out only the least gllmmering of beast. The fuel was all gone, and the children shook with cold. Howard melsed the ax, and going out into the storm once more began to demolish his wagon. From it he made a peat armful of firewood and brought It in, and he added it on the fr. Then he managed to et his horses out of the harness and brought them' into the schoolroom. Then he satdown a Ith Suie to talk-d to walt. It was quite nlght when the last stick from his wagon had been hb -ned and the storm abated. Then from ad about anxious parents came streaming toward the choolbouse, plow ing their way through drifts, and fnading their children safe were glad to join In the congratulations that Howard frankly told them were in order. It was not very difcult now w persnade Suse to give up bher idea of making her own way , the world. But the children w not willing to give up their tana. o an• me l e was etued, a the "agem I- aso **b-ehe str 1U amp w b" (- rrL Bwui 2a 1[r. IIII~ ilt Y . bme aboutr w m iar "m .x, wM wI "m Nab a u.· wb - (7I PM~" 11Mw rI~ owY -·r Ii wM a i ut ii I Se ris a md than inany ofthe othr aoswlr saw merald. THE TREASURY OONDITION. --pen.1amm se6 m erMd Ow as1 ee 1 - we 0d OIw eo ame latnan . Will yes be lind enough to se the aeaet of the masl tI a the atbal trwre Mars 4, Ii M,sad at the sarm date fe years isMt We have not at hand the ige asbed for on March 4, but give tose a ith end of each fscal year June 0, 1880 and 1891, as supplied in the statistlcsl abstract of the United fart , published by the treasury departmemnt a follows: CASM I TUrAAUrm . June a lases.................................. U S.1) R 10 .................................. al.l .M It S.................................y.. lam .................................. TeU.R e lucream In four years............ .P IM It will be seen that within tour year the cash in the treasury inereased by $108,814 609. In this connetion it is Interesting to compare the amount of the national debt, less cash in the teras suy, and also the per capta debt a supplied by the same oelatl authority. Thus: De3r LE . CAA I 5lagaar. June 3 Per spita. - Im ....................u..t M, t11 ....................... te.Ur a 1so : :;::::::::::.::::::::: ."ili Il: Decreas four years, Its-eU.............. 141uE a 3o5 Here it is seen that during the four years ending June 80, 1891, the nation al debt, less cash in the treasury, de creased by $134,418,186.61, or at the rate of $3. Ou per head of our population. This showing1 i slightly difderent from that made during the Afat year oa the prew.rnt administration, which added al most $75,000,000 to the national debt. It is of further interest to study the amount of interest paid on the national debt within the same period, which, it will be seen, decreased by $17,638,888, or at the rate of 19 cents per capita: 1%T ERSWr PAID. June 3U. Per capita. us ............... ..0,7,ooqe .e7 MU.............. ...... Jm ,a Ii s .r M -U...................... Mr1t110 s .15 use- ................. IT.UageJg as .15 Bre Barte, who lives in England. was doubtles flattered to read in a re cent number of Mr. ALtor's Wetmin star Budget an allmsic to "Mark Twain's h Sin. " This blunder is taken as another indication of Mr. As tor's expatriation. Many of the oldest and most distian guished families of Montenegro have been migrating for several years to en cape tyranny :n their native land. Prince N lholas is so hareb and despotio that his more important subjects are mar a res rins ad 3a.n.