Newspaper Page Text
CRUELTIES FORMERLY INFLICT. ED ON SOLDIERS. Shouldering a Log—Trotting the Bull* j Bing—One Man Buried Up to Hi» I Neck in Sand—Some Other Inhuman ! Methods. L — Twenty years ago cruel punishments Indeed were meted out to refractory soldiers of the United States army. In those days a 20 or 30-day trick In the guard house was not a comparatively minor matter, as It is now. The sol dier who nowadays lands in the guard house for drunkenness, insubordina tion, neglect of duty or any other vio lation of regulations is put to work at some job around the post from fatigue call in the morning till recall from fa tigue late in the afternoon. The work is never hard. The only discomfort ■connected with the work is that it is always performed under the watchful eye of a sentry with a loaded gun. On the other hand, the guard house pris oner gets every night in—that Is, he is permitted to slumber peacefully on the comfortable bunk in his guard bouse cell, while his comrades who have not committed themselves have to take their turns standing guard over him through the watches of the night. Shouldering a Log. The soldier who worked himself Into the guard house prior to 187» did not get any night In, from the day he be gan his term until Its end. He walk ed bis post, two hours on and four off, from the begiuning to the termination of his sentence. But he did not car ry a gun while on post. He shouldered an unbarked log, from six to eight feet in length and weighing from 70 to 100 pounds, and a man in his rear carried the rifle. The business of the soldier with the rifle was to see that the sol dier with the log kept on the move, up do in ed as ed ns CRUEL ARMT PUNISHMENTS. a m & m * 2* V and down in front of the guard house, from the time he went on post until re lieved, at the end of two ( hours, by another guard house prisoner, to whose shoulder the log would be transferred. It was also the sentry's duty to see that the "log-bumper" did not drop his burden. The prisoner could shift It from one shoulder to the other, or cur ry It under his arm, or horizontally in front of him, or In any other way he chose; but he had to carry it. and he had to keep movlug, on pain of being Indented with the point of a bayonet. There are hundreds of old soldiers still In the United States urmy who did their little tricks at "tree packing" in the old days, and none of them speaks with the slightest degree of enthusiasm of the Job. The guard house prisoner of large physique was out of luck in those days. A 100-pound log was in variably bestowed upon him. The smaller logs were reserved for the pris oners of less bulk. "Trotting the Bull-King." One of the punishments meted out to the cavalryman who got into the guard house under the old regime was "trot ting the bull ring." The bull ring is the circular track upon which the horses are exercised when there is not much doing around the post in the way of drills on account of inclement weather. Every cavalry post has Its bull ring. Upon the smooth surface of the bull ring the fractious cavalry man of a couple of decades ago was required to chase the Intangible air at regular Intervals, named in the sen tence, every day of his confinement. His bull-ring work was no go-as-you please walking match, either. He could go at any pace swifter than a walk; but be was not allowed to walk. Heel and-toe business was barred. If he chose to work it out in cantering the sentry was agreeable; did he prefer the a The Co-operative Brotherhood of Lon don is becoming a very Influential or ganisation. It Is nearly like the Am erican Labor Exchange, but when any member — a carpenter, for instance — does work required by another mem ber, he is given "barter notes" in pay ment, which entitle him to anything in the exchange of the value of his notes. These "barter notes" are being accept ed by many tradesmen outside the brotherhood the same as money. lets graceful, hut also less Irksome, trot, the sentry hadn't a word to say, but if for a single Instant be relapsed into a common, everyday walk lie would hear the sentry's command, like the crack of a circus ringmaster's whip, "Shake her up there, Pete; what do you think this is, a practice march? G'lang!" and if the bull-ring pounder knew his gait he would leave off walk ing right away. The bull-ring work was good for wind and muscle, but It was hurd and galling. A soldier under going a bull-ring sentence dropped dead from heart disease at a post in the Southwest one day about seventeen years ago, and then the bull-ring pun ishment was abandoned. Burled in Sand. It was reserved for the commanding officer of an Arizona post, a one-com pany outfit, to inflict so barbarous punishment upon an offending soldier that the whole scale of punishment in the United Stutes army was revised and made hard and fast. This com manding officer was a captain, and the affair happened in 1879. He had in his company a soldier who was a very hard case, and put In most of his time in the guard house. He completed a guard house terra in the autumn of 187», and immediately repaired to the near-by town of whisky shacks and made himself exceedingly drunk. He returned to the post with the announc ed Intention of razing it to the level of the desert and firing a volley over its ashes. The captain had him lassoed as he was entering the post. He order ed that a hole sufficiently large to re ceive the upright body of a man be dug in the sand of the parade ground. When the hole was dug the captain or dered that the hard-case soldier be stood in it up to his neck, and that the sand be then repacked around him ns tightly as possible, covering his arms and shoulders and leaving only his head protruding above the ground. The captain's orders were obeyed. The offending soldier, still more than half drunk, was packed in the sand hole. to to It in is his head alone catching the rays of the semi-tropical sun, and a sentry was placed over him. The sun was nothing compared to the desert ants. The ants sent out their couriers to the highways and byways and dunes and hollows, ami it was no time at all before some thousands of them, big, red, spider like and ferocious, were running over the soldier's head. They crawled Into his ears and his nose and his mouth, and they caused him such unspeakable agony that he shouted In frenzy. The sentry finally revolted against this punishment, and his comrades joined him. They threatened the captain, and the latter, from fear of summary' pun ishment, permitted the prisoner's re lease. The prisoner was taken to the hospital, almost a maniac. The case was reported at Washington, and the result was a revision of the military code. Bucking and Gagging. Although the new regulations ex pressly forbid the punishment of "buck ing and gaggiug," men have been buck ed and gagged in the United States army within the past dozen years. Bucking and gagging consists in tying a refractory soldier—generally a sol dier who is maniacal with drink and very abusive—hand and foot with cords and gagging him with a block of wood whittled to fit his mouth. The gagging part of this punishment came near choking a number of soldiers to death, which accounted in part for its erasure from the punishment list. One punishment much affected in the light artillery was called "tying on the spare wheel." Springing upward and rearward from the center rail of every caisson was a fifth axle, and on It was a spare wheel. A soldier who had been insubordinate was taken to the spare wheel and forced to step upon It His legs were drawn apart until they span The decision of the railroad work ers of England to demand the 8-hour day bids fair to bring on a greater strike than either that of the dockers, miners or engineers, each of which shook BrltUh capitalism to Its very center. Some believe that the govern ment will quietly "tip" the companies to have no trouble and avoid official Interference. All agree that a strike in that branch will give a greater im petus to the already formidable de ne4 three spokes. Hie arms stretched until there were three or four spe^ between his hands. Then feet and nands were firmly bound to the felloes of the wheel. If the soldier was to be punished moderately he was left bound In an upright position on the wheel for five or six hours. If the pun ishment was to be severe the ponder ous wheel was given a quarter turn after the soldier had been lashed to it, which changed the position of the man being punished from an upright to a horizontal one. Then the prisoner had to exert all his strength to keep hi9 weight from pulling heavily and cut ting on the cords that bound his upper arm and leg to the wheel. A Wise Answer.^ It takes but an ordinary man to re turn an angry answer to an insult. The extraordinary man is he who, under such circumstances, holds himself so well under control that he controls his adversary also. Persia once possessed such a man, and was clear-sighted enough to make him a judge. He was the chief judge of Bagdnd in the reign of the Calif Hadee, and his name was Aboo Yu suph. He was a very wise man, for ho knew his own deficiencies, and was ac tually sometimes in doubt as to wheth er he possessed sufficient wisdom to give a Just decision in cases peculiarly shrouded In mystery. It is related of him that on one occa sion, after a patient investigation of facts, he decided that he had not suffi cient knowledge to pronounce on the case before him. There was In his presence a pert courtier, one of those men who take long to learn that wis dom and impudence are not closely re lated. "Pray do you expect that the calif is to pay you for your Ignorance?" he asked, hoping to place the judge at a disadvantage. "I do not," was the mild reply. "The calif pays me—and pays me well—for what I do know. Were he to attempt to pay me for what I do not know, the treasures of his empire would not suf fice." One In Misfortune. The soldier boy wrote home from the far Philippines: "Father—My left leg has been shot off by a cannon ball. I want to buy me a good, first-class cork leg. Please send me $100 In yo,ur next letter." The father answered, from his home In the Georgia pines: I kin shake hands with you on yer loss. I lost my wooden leg endur in' of the blizzard. A nigger stole it an' split it up fer kindlin' wood. Ef you git that cork leg, let me know how it i works, an' whar you got the money to j git It with."—Atlanta Constitution. Hollanders Smoke Most. The Hollanders are perhaps of all the i northern people those who smoke the I most, the humidity of their climate making it almost a necessity, while . the moderate cost of tobacco with them i renders it accessible to all. To show ! how deeply rooted Is the habit, it is enough to say that the bontmeu of , Holland measure distances by smok ing. Cordial K dations. Mrs. Snow—My husband has grown very fussy of late years, but he was easily pleased when we were married." Mrs. Coldeal—He must have been.— San Francisco Examiner. Jerusalem's Populatiou Increasin';. The population of Jerusalem has been rapidly increasing of late and is now about 45,000; of these 28,000 are Hebrews. If you must go to law, hire the best lawyer In town. The law is always on th« «id« of the best lawyer. mand for government control of rail roads. The eleventh annual convention of the United Mine Workers of America was called to order January 16. The convention is the largest and moBt rep resentative In the history of the or ganization, eighteen states and terri tories being represented. The conven tion is being held at Indianapolis. They will doubtless take action on the lock «HSUEP OR THE WHS. « 0 0 0 9 ftpHAT Is provoking!" II The exclamation escaped my lips in spite of the fact that I was traveling alone. ' Yet not alone. For 4n the seat with me sat a pretty young traveling com panion, one whom I had not seen be fore and who must have come in and occupied the place while I had dozed off. Yes, I had been five minutes asleep, and in that brief Interval there had hap pened something which caused me to exclaim In the way I did. When I lay back my head in the fast whirling train, to think a moment, I held in my hand a photograph. It was In a cabinet envelope, and, strange to lay, I had not yet looked at it. I leaned forward in the seat and tried to search the aisle past my traveling companion, then I looked under the ■eat, then back of it. "It must have fallen out of the win dow," 1 said to myself. At this the young lady murmured: "Have you lost anything?" "Yes," said I, "and, to make the mat ter more embarrassing, it was the pic ture of a young and beautiful girl, the finest of her sex." "You pique my curiosity," said my companion. "Well, mine was piqued also," said I, "but, owing to my stupid fashion of falling asleep in a railroad train, I am afraid it will never be gratified unless I am fortunate enough to see the orig iglnal some day." "How interesting," said the pretty girl beside me. Seeing that she was In a mood to al low me, a chance traveling companion, to converse with her, I said: "It Is too Utterly provoking!" Here I hesitated. "Tell me about It," said she. "Wei!," said I, "as you probably live In the East, and as I live in the far West, and as there Is no probability of our ever seeing the people or even of knowing, as far as you are concerned, who they are, I will tell you about It. I think I can do so without impropriety," laughed I, "specially ns it is a love af fair, and all the world loves a lover." At this the pretty girl looked intensely eager, and I prepared myself to tell the story of the lost photograph." "I can best begin," said I, "by read ing you a letter." Taking from my pocket a letter in a man s writing, I read aloud this para graph: "She is a beauty, Ned, and no mis take. I am wild for you to come East and meet her. She Is a Southern girl, but comes North now nnd then to see her grandmother or aunts, or something of that sort. Makes her headquarters at Boston. "But that Is not the best part of It, Ned. I could love her for her pretty face and for her good qualities. But, truth to tell, I am loving her just a little also for her money. Think of it! A cool million, all in her own name! Came into it last January. She is very gen erously inclined. Talks a great deal about charity and all that. But I think her charitable impulses could be curbed. At least, I shall try it. i i j i I . i ! , "My chan«, are excellent." Her felka. : St" " "» "• S'" " not indifferent: writes to me remilarlr « Accept« the trifles I send her. And ! seems to think there may be somebody I worth having up here In the North, i even if she 1« a Southern girl. I "Well. Ned, I deserve her. I can ! f, make a woman happy, though I am I afraid that I should never have fallen , so desperately in love with her if she had been poor. j "Good-by. Glad you are coming East < to of vcnnir IhJv "I enn ., phtcM you What will your friend 11 what was ils Lme-UharC saT?" ! ! CHARLEY. "Now, Isn't that provoking?" said I. "I read the letter, took out the photo, laid back my head and fell asleep. Now, when I wake up, I find It gone." "That is really too bad," said the Guess he won't worry himself to ! death" laughed I easily- "he can ask the young lady for another. Lucky dog i u Charley always was." on a "Almost too lucky," murmured the young lady sweetly; "one would hard ly expect so much." "Well, Charley deserves It; he de serves all he will get." "Yes, all he will get," said the young lady; "he seems so frank and—all—that sort of thlug." After this the conversation branched out on general topics, and before long the young lady began to gather up her traveling bag. "I get off at Brookline." "Allow me." And with all grace I assisted her off the train, sorry to lose so Interesting a traveling companion. A few days later I received thts letter from Charley: "Dear Ned: The heiress Is stone cold cm me. I went to call on her the first night of her arrival north, and found her pleasant, but that was all. I could ,, of out at Scranton, Pa. The most Im portant question before the convention is the adoption of a wage scale, and an endeavor is being made to formulate one that the mine operators will ac cept. A federal judge has ordered the re lease of John P. Reese, who was jailed at Fort Scott, Kan., for addressing miners after a state judge had issued an injunction againBt It This case not get Into conversation with her, for she kept putting me off and engaged In a running fire of words with some stu pid young cousins of her«. I could not get a minute with her alone. Come, Ned. you are a Beau Brummel and un derstand girls. What is the matter with her? What have I done? Send me back her photograph. I find I am really in love with her. Yours, "CHARLEY." The next day there came this letter by messenger: "Go with me to-night to call on her, I sent her some flowers this morning early. Half an hour later I saw the children carrying them to school—those stupid little cousins, probably, to give to the teacher. You must go with me to-night. Maybe you can tell what U the trouble. Yours desperately, "CHARLEY." That evening, unwillingly, but te oblige my friend, I called for him, and together we went to make a social call at the home of his former friend, the young lady who had suddenly frowned upon his suit. The house, a very beautiful one, was gayly lighted, and from the Inside came sounds of music. "Looks as though they were having a party," said my friend. "They did nol invite me." "Never mind; we will go anyway." A butler admitted us, and we were shown into the parlor. There was a ripple of feminine laugh ter, a rustle of silk skirts, and the next minute I found myself bowing low to the prettiest girl I ever saw. Yet her face was strangely familiar, and so was her voice, when she held out her hand and said sweetly: "I be lieve we have met before." "Why, why, so we have," I gasped, forgetting my manners. For the young woman was my trav eling companion of the week before. "I think," said she, later In the even ing. when we found a minute to chat alone, "that I have some property be longing to you. I picked up the photo graph as It fell off your lap. It had come out of the cd vVlope, "and "seeing j that it was a picture of myself, I kept It." "You must have been interested in I lie letter I read you on the cars." "T was." I will not try to picture the surprise i f my friend Charley, nor will I tell how I won the girl. But I will mention that the proudest ornament of my library table is a cab inet photo from which the sweet face of my wife looks at me. in England, Ireland and France, Italy and the east. It has happened recently that an Albanian whose relative had been vlLler' a«®—which*, tUn.uleM êiemÂJÏ '« he SiTS « ». .. , , vcmu-iui. in hi ,n fuU , ' * ac J wh,ch j 8 80 weU un offense8 ^«»"t to start of " re mrpl J r committed, f, nd * Con9lderat ' le d, '» ree of order Is Ul ® re î' y 1 P reRervc j d - , "\ 8 4 ? generally understood the ven dp44a or ^ na * ed * n following prac t,ce: An assassin was never allowed to pscape - The responsibility of pnnlsh Vendettas of the Present. It is through lack of information that the vendetta is referred to to day as an institution of the past. Vendettas— I blood feuds—exist to-day not only in Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, but in ■ Kentucky and other of the southern ! aud western states, and a'so at times ! World. -- Objects to Football Hair. 1 Phinea8 T. Lounsbury, ex-governor 1 of Counecticut and president of the ! Merchants' Exchange Natioual bunk in ! New York, is a Yaukeoof the old school, j Soluf ' tlme ag0 an ndverti8ement was ! nse . lted ,n New Y . ork paper8 'hat the bank wanted a c,erk - Several ap- j plieants P re8 ented themselves and were i u * hcrud lnto the Private office, where sat the dou R ht y president in charac teristic attitude, his feet perched on the desk and a big perfecto between his wlskered lips. The cashier had decided on his man, when Mr. Lounsbury stop ped him with a gesture. He whispered a few words to him and the clerk was not hired. Later It developed that the reason for the president's action was ,, „ _ A his antipathy to the applicant s hair, which was of the football variety and parted In the middle. After this dic eovery It was noticed that the coiffure of several of the bank dandies under went a change and the Harlem barbers did an Immense business. * i _ r . --—- liN hen a man w alks down the street with a woman wearing a rainy d iy skirt he looks as ashamed as If he had i been caught stealing something. _ -—--- So " e ^ n never *•* Qofle be,a * ma4 »bout Christmas. has attracted the attention of the whole country, as Reese was not near the mines and was not on the coal com pany's property. Yei the federal judge did not say a word about this, but re leased him on the ground that he was not a resident of Kansas and therefore noi within the scope of the Injunction. Twenty-two million dollars have been invested in Missouri mines since last January. aOOD-LOOKING MEN WANTED Iindiomc, Vigorous Persons Ifrslrs« for Positions of Importance. "We hear a lot of talk of pretty ivomen getting all the best positions as 'lerks, stenographers, and so on." re narked the undersized little man to his ■hum. "it never seems to occur to »eople that good-looking men get all ;he best jobs in men's work. Bat they lo. A tall, portly, well-dressed man sill make his way with half the brains if an Insignificant-looking, carelessly Iressed fellow. In ninety-nine cases mt of a hundred a successful politician, professional man, or business man is landsome, or big and 'fine looking,' as ffiey say. "A few days ago a friend of mine lost i job that pays $10,000 a year simply »ecause he is homely and weighs only 120 pounds. A manufacturer wanted t (uperintendent in one of his mills. Ho ivrote to an editor, an old friend. In Shicago, and asked him to recommend tomebody. The editor wrote back: James Gregory is the very man for rou. He has had experience, he le île ver, and I can recommend hint îrom twenty years' acquaintance.' The nanufacturer telegraphed immediately lor Gregory to come and take the place. Sregory reported for duty at a man» Picturing town 200 miles away. He wore his best clothes and was through ly well groomed. But Gregory Is small ind pale and looks like a school boy. " T am James Gregory,' he said when »e arrived at the manufacturer's office. "'Oh, are you? Well, ah! the fact la, th! the fact is, Mr. Gregory, I didn't »xpect-' And the manufacturer •hook his head in despair. " 'Expect what?' " 'Well, I thought you'd be a big, flne looklug fellow. The fact is, you won'! îo at all, Gregory. I'm sorry, but you won't do at all. Why, the men won't be bossed by a man who doesn't weigh more than two sacks of flour!' "That ended it. Gregory lost the Job, and he was an expert, too, as far as knowledge of the work in hand waa îoneemed."— Chicago Inter Ocean. HOW HE GOT HIS CLOCK. Saved • Man's Life Who Was Dylan of Quinsy. In the hallway of a Philadelphia loctor's house stands a fine example of t grandfather's clock, the possession of which the medical man owes entirely to a pinch of snuff, says the Philadel phia Record. Some years ago the doe j tor in <l uestlon set his heart upon such 1 timepiece, and devoted two of bis vacations to clock-hunting. He visited many New England farmhouses with» aut success, as old furniture has been pretty well gathered up by the dealer« "down east," and then carried hta luest into Delaware and Maryland, where he found many old clocks, but none of them for sale. He was about to return home dis consolate when he was called Into con iultationovera patient dying of quinsy. The resources of medicine bad been ex hausted, when the Quaker city doctor bethought himself of an old snuffbox l(le had picked up during his wander-, I lugs, in which still lingered a modicum at snuff, pungent as of yore. With this ■ powerful tobacco the doctor assailed ! the nostrils of the sick man, who, sneez ! ln K violently, broke the abscess in hi» throat that was choking him to death. Stimulants were administered and tho lick man recovered. The Philadelphia doctor left the place the morning after this remarkabl« operation, but he had not been home • week before the grateful Maryland«« lent him a grandfather's clock, ac companied by a card, upon which waa written: "This clock, which struck th« hour of my birth, would have «Iso narked the hour of my death If your •kill and knowledge had uot stayed th« hand of the destroyer." Early Dictionaries. The first dictionary recorded In liter ary history is the standard Chinese die a word, mostly hieroglyphic or rude 1 representations resembling our signs of 1 the Zodiac. This was four centuries ! before writing was employed by West ! era people. Antlclides, a contempor j try of Alexander the Great, published « Greek dictionary of the words in an dent writings 336 B. C. Another Chl j aese dictionary was produced about i 150 B. C., and Varro's Latin compila «on of an English dictionary were made by Bullokar in 1616, and by Cockerham in 1623, although a glossary of old English words was prepared In or about »75. Scent of Lobsters. Lobsters can smell as well as animals that live upon the land. A piece of de cayed meat suspended In the water In the locality where lobsters are abun (j an t xvill soon be surrounded by n eree dy, fighting crowd, Alcohol in Lemon Extract. Lemon extract has becomes favorite beverage with the Poncha Indians, i owing to the quantity of alcohol which It contains, and It Is said that they have been able to get roaring drunk on a flft y-cent bottle. i - ; - A ' cen ' 8 a md ® * Wp to the sun would cost $1,828,604.40. We under stand there will b« no cut-rate excar •Iona this season. A state institute of Berumpathy, vac cination and bacteriology, organised on the linee of the Pasteur Institute^ has been created at Madrid. A Paterson (N. J.) judge discharged barbers held for keeping open Sundays on the ground that Bhavlng was a ne cessity. The Municipal Club of New York will offer prizes for the cultivation and Im provement of uninviting quarters of the city.