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THE WESTERN NEWS
HAMILTON, MONTANA. "There are others" Is a jK>or defense, wren though you cnn prove It. An exchange suggests that the proper tength for a short skirt Is a little over two feet. After all the ups and downs he has liad LI Hung Ohang ought to make pretty good elevator boy. Young Winston Churchill escaped dis guised as n woman, and thus made tvs «tart down the corridors of time as ''Sis ter Winnie." The story that the son-in-law of the Sultan of Turkey has fled with his wife's jewels is rather Indefinite. Which Wife's jewels? The same thing that has prevented Hhe shuffling off of "the slok man of'Eu irope'' will probably operate to keep '"'the sick man of Asia" alive. That Ithing is the jealousy which the great glowers of Europe feel for one another. The remark of General Lawton when «asked, when ^lown South with the ^Presidential party, to make a Rpeecli: *T am not a hero, I am only a regular," 3s well remembered. Lawton was one *of the kind who do not do all his flght Jlng with his mouth. -One State of the Union, having a sur plus of a million dollars In its treas ury, for which It bas no pressing use, proposes to devote it to the Improve ment of public schools. There may be Slttle "practical politics" In such a «ourse, but there is much regard for the welfare of the people. Mark Twain can't remember when he Hold his first lie, but the second is vtv iJldly impressed on his memory—he told St when he was nine days old. He prof Sted by It, according to his own story, -and the public will draw Its own infer ences as to bis reason for pursuing to « ripe age the vocation of fiction. A Binghamton (N. Y.) man Is reported «0 have killed his wife and himself In order to see their pictures in the papers, smd another citizen of the Empire State committed suicide a few days ago to prove whether there U anything in spir -iltualism or not. It isn't likely that •telther of them Is now thoroughly satis u'äed with the results. Absent-mindedness has seldom been «a fame or money-making venture to Its .possessor. Nevertheless, the poem, "The Absent-Minded Beggar," which Mr. Kipling contributed to a Londou •newspaper for sale, brought in a fund of $ 00.000 for the needy families of the «oldiers sent to South Africa. The poem was recited nightly at ten music balls, and sung (o Sir Arthur Sullivan's music at half a dozen more. Scientific meu predict that pathogenic Ibacteria, or disease-breeding germs, are destined to be exterminated In civilized ilaaids, along with uiau-eating beasts and venomous serpents. And why not? Already the progress of medical sci ence has gone far to eliminate or cancel *ihe poison of typhoid and diphtheria; lithe bacillus of consumption is being bunted to its lair; and in cities where sanitation is duly regarded the scourge 10 f cholera and yellow fever need no Songer be feared. Phillips Brooks said, in the last Thanksgiving sermon lie preached: "I •defy a man to pul his finger upon any page of history when it was clearer than it is to-doy that man has some thing to do with his brethren and that they are ids brethren. Yes, It belongs ■to nations, too. No nation dare act in «ubllme selfishness." Whether the re training motive be high or low, the fact of greed, envy, hate, under some ■«control. Is a ground of hope for Indi viduals ami governments. It Is but a poor compliment to a sol •ffier -or, rather, it Is not a compliment at all—to say of him ttiat he was abso lutely Ignorant of fear. It is the over «coming of fear, not the entire absence of it, which constitutes bravery. In other words, the man who has never experienced tlie sensation of fear—if -*uch a man ever lived—is lacking ln relative Judgment. He cannot reason from cause to effect far enough to see that if he does a certain thing he Is sure to be killed. And auch a mental com position, so far from constituting great ness, Is merely a sign of weak Intellect. Hence we may b» sure that Gen. Law ton, despite the assertions of his Inju dicious friends, knew very well what fear was, but he did not allow it to In fluence his conduct or his judgment. That is the real bravery which marks the gallant soldier. The other type— the disposition to rush at any antagon ist without reasoning or reflection—is the mere brute instinct of the bulldog suid it doesn't win battles. The year nineteen hundred offer* a considerable range of choice to persons Interested ln anniversaries pertaining to literary men whose claim to remem brance la Indisputable. Scholars have Abe five hundredth anniversary of the •death of Ohaacer ln mind, and repair with fresh delight to that "well of En glish undefyled." Richard Hooker, the English divine, has been dead three centuries. His distinction had the added felicity of winning leak Walton's pen no record Its fullness. The centenary of «Cowper's death is numbered with the zaetable days In the year. Many to whom his works may not otherwise ap peal will be grateful for the spiritual psfpwhment which they owe to his de votlonal writing. On the other hand, the centenary of Macaulay's birth Is commemorated, at least by special rec ollection, by the large company who • re his debtors because, when he wrote history, the poet's Imagination kept dullness at a distance. There'ane other days and names for end-of-the-eenturv mention which good readers and good listeners will not forget. One of the matters now discussed by the Iowa teachers is the making of the township the uult of organization. Un der the present system each independ ent school district, says the Chicago Tribune, has a hoard of directors and a secretary, making more than twenty five officers In the average township. Many teachers believe better results could be hud by abolishing these dis trict boards and centralizing control of the schools In township boards. The experience in other States would bear out this view. In Philadelphia the schools are managed in a most wasteful fashion, there being a board of school directors for each ward in the city with great powers. The result is an extrav gaut management. Whenever there are many boards, each consisting of many members, then there are a large num ber of persons whose personal interests must be looked after and whose friends must be provided for. By reducing the number of directors these Influences are reduced and economy follows. The Legislature will do well to reorganize the school system with the township as the basis of organization. The highwayman robs a man— per haps two men. If he Is lucky—and that is the end of It so far as the extent of damage is concerned. But the promo ters of inflated enterprises based on slender prospects start In to rob the public at large. All goes well for a while, perhaps, as It did with the Franklyn syndicate. But the time comes when the bubble bursts or shrinks to a poor semblance of its former self, and the damage is widespread. When the hour of collapse or contraction arrives we have all the troubles of a financial panic so far ns these securities are con cerned. Sometimes when the smash comes those who are really responsible have escaped. Sometimes the guilty go down with the innocent the promo- P tors with the investors The nunish merit ..f , , Y. ^ , rongdoing falls upon the In nocent, upon tlie public at large. Even those who have had no share In the game, who have not touched or han dled the perilous thing, are caught in the pinch with those who have taken the risk. Ileal values are the only val ues that count in the long run. Dishon esty incorporated is just as much dis honesty as if It were practiced by indi viduals. And in the end it is about as sure to suffer the penalty. The chartering of two steamers to carry cargoes of corn from Philadel phia to Reval. In Northern Russia, taken in connection with the fact that several cargoes have already been shipped to the same port from other Atlantic coast seaports, shows that Russia begins to realize tlie value of nennt !' an co *P fls «cheap food for its ptoplt, especially those living In the ....... ..... ' ' northern and colder sections of that country. The difficulty heretofore has been to convince European consumers that corn could lie utilized as a nutri tious food for human beings. Large quantities have heretofore been ship ped abroad for brewing purposes, but the prejudice against it as a food prod uct was extremely hard to eradicate. Little by little, however, American corn lias been making headway In Europe, i and the Russian importations now in 1 progress give promise of an extensive demand from that country in the near future Th«, »«.r.ti™« 7 , 8ec ' Ions of Russia ln 1 corn can grown profitably - w ill also grow wheat, and the Russian ! farmers are likely to continue to raise wheat, leaving American corn to be im- ; ported as a cheap food for those who cannot afford to pay the prices wheat will bring ln the European market WHY HE HAD TO MOVE. a Unfortnnate Lived Next Door to a Doc tor with Night Calls. "Why, man," said the landlord to a tenant whom he had recently secured for a house that had been unoccupied for several months, "you're not going to vacate so soon? You've only been thero a month." "I know It and a month more would be tbe end of me. I am going to get a house wny out in tlie suburbs and In the centre of a big lot. You'll never get me into a double house again as long as I live. I'd rather take the family and camp out." "The place Is all I told you It was, sir; good house, good neighborhood and everything In good repair. I'll look to you for the rent until the end of the term. "That's all right, aud I'll pay It. I'm not mean enough to try to sublet It, either. One thing you didn't tell me, that the man in the other end of the house Is a doctor nnd that he seems to have trained his patints to call on him at night. I haven't had any sleep worth speaking of in the whole three weeks. Coming up on the porch they reach my door first. They ring the bell as though It were a fire alarm and then begin pounding on tbe door. When I'm forced to go to the door to prevent its being broken ln and'to give the rest of the folks a little show to sleep, It's 'Get into your clothes, doc, and come right over to the house,' or, 'Jimmie has the croup,' or, 'Baby's having an awful time with his teeth,' or, 'Why didn't you call this evening as you agreed to?' If I put my head out of the window and try to explain they get hot, tell me I had bet ter take ln my sign, better retire from business, or something worse. I'll bring you the keys this evening."-* Detroit Free Press. — - ><>x*x>oesa>x*axx>a>a>oo<x>o<>oc<x>ooc>o<x»xx^^ The Assassination of President Lincoln , 3Cx*>ocKX>3c>a>C)<>o<>axx>oc<xxxxx>ec»oo^ rifev 'r.r M liiflll'.l ) N April 14 just thirty-three years < will have passed since President j Lincoln was shot down in Ford's Theater, Washington, by John Wilkes j Booth. The excitement all over the Unit- , P <1 States to-day. caused by the war scare. ; brings to mind the thrill of horror and ; excitement that passed over the country tb j rtv _ t hree years ago, when, just as the In imls of the people bad become settled j nfter four years of war, the country was ; startled by the announcement of Lin ' coin's assassination. * i Announcements hail been made in Washington papers that President Liu- j onin and Gen. Grant, accompanied by j their wives, would visit Ford's Theater i (now a pension office) on the evening of j April 14. Gen. Grant found it necessary to visit Burlington. N. J.. on that memorable 14th of April, and he accordingly sent to President Lincoln a note of regret at his inability to accompany him to the the ater that evening, leaving Washington on tho <5 p. m. train. To Schuyler Colfax, then Speaker of the House, the President extended an in vitation to attend the theater as late as 8:15 p. in., for it was not until then that the President's party left the White House. President Lincoln manifested a cur j OM8 reluctance to going, but stated ,hat the papers had advertised ihnt him self aud Gen. Grant would both attend, and, since Gen. Grant bad left Washing ton. he did not want to have the audience disappointed, as the people would expect to see at least one of them. The theater was crowded. The box reserved for the presidential party was tlie double box forming the second tier on tlie right-hand side of the stage. The front of the box was decorated with flags and in the center, on the outside, hung i an engraving of Washington, 1 As Grants hud declined an invita tion to att '' m1 ' Mrsl - Linco,n invited, in their s I tead V I Mis ? Uarr l s ' dau .* ht « r of Se "' ator Ira Harris, and Maj. Henry B. ltathboae. the Senator's stepson. - The play presented was the original ! version of Tom Taylor's "Our American Cousin," as it was always given before ; the late E. A. Sothern's changes in it, afterwards made to elaborate his still remembered character of Lord Dun dreary. The assassin, Booth, familiar with the theater, visited the box about 9 p. m., looking in for a last survey of the various positions of its occupants. It was sup posed, at the time, that it was due to a mistake or the exercise of an imperti nent curiosity. Unknown to the presi K JOHN WILKES BOOTH. dential party. Booth hod, during the day, bored a hole through the door of the box for observation or perhaps to fire through. At 10 p. m. Booth again entered the box, quietly holding a pistol in one hand and a knife, or dirk, in tbe other. Maj. Ratbbone rose and asked this intruder his business. Booth rushed past the Major without making a reply and, plac ing his pistol close to the President's head, actually in contact with it, fired, nnd instantly sprang upon the cushioned baluster of the box, when he made ' a backward plunge with bis knife, aimed at the face or breast of Mr. Lincoln. Maj. Rathbone, springing forward to pro tect the President, received tbe stab in his arm. It was towards the latter part of the ptav. Perfect stillness reigned through < out the____ j the dialogue between Florence Trenehard and May Meredith, when the pistol shot j rang through the theater. It was appar , cully fired behind the scenes ou the right ; nf the stage, and it was accepted by the ; audience as au introduction to some new passage, several of which had been in terpolated in the early part of the play. j Booth hail been noted ns a lea per, hav ; j n(? become habituated to sensational ' leaps in his repertoire of characters, lie i leaped uiue feet down on the stage, but TBe tradience listened to his spur caught in the flag decorating tlie j front of the presidential box and as lé j reached the stage he fell, recovering him i self in a wonderful way, though his leg j was broken. He bounded across the stage, pushing past Miss Laura Keene, who stood near the prompter's desk, INTERIOR OF FORIVR THEATER. striking her on the hand with his own, still holding the dagger. As he crossed the stage Booth cried out, dramatically, "Sic semper tyrannis!" und "I have done itl" Once through the side scenes Booth quickly escaped by the rear door of the theater, where a horse awaited him, its bridle held by an employe of the theater whom Booth rewarded with a kick, his agony from his broken leg being intense. Meanwhile the shrieks of Mrs. Lincoln made clear to the audience the nature of the horrible crime that had just been per petrated. Pandemonium reigned. Wom en cried, men hollowed and children screamed. Miss Laura Keene advanced to the footlights and called out: "For God's sake, have presence of mind I Keep your places and all will be well!" Miss Harris called to Miss Keene to bring some water, which the actress did, and afterwards accompanied Mrs. Lin coln to the house opposite, to which the unconscious President was at once re moved. It was found that he had been shot through the head, above the back of the temporal bone, and that some of the brain was oozing out and that death was inevitable. Within a comparatively short time the terrible news had spread ail over Wash ington, and by midnight every member of the cabinet, except Seward, whose own life was attempted, had gathered at the bedside of their dying chief. Mrs. Lin coln was present, prostrated with grief, and other members of the family. Sena tor Sumner, Speaker Colfax, military of ficials of the War Department, several generals and physicians, the latter in cluding Surgeon General Barnes, who had from the first assisted Dr. Stone, the President's family physician. President Lincoln never recovered con sciousness. As day dawned his pulse failed and a look of perfect peace over spread bis features. At 7:22 a. m. he ceased to breathe. Rev. Dr. Gurley knelt down and prayed and Secretary Stanton broke the silence which followed with the remark: "Now he belongs to the ages." The South lost, in Lincoln, one who would have proved to be its best friend, as is, perhaps, now realised. In a letter written to Gen. Van Alen on the last day of his life, Lincoln wrote words that strike the keynote of his character. In it he said: "I thank yon for the assurance yon give me that I shall be supported by conserva tive men like yourself in the efforts I may make to restore the Union so as to make it, to nse your language, a union of hearts and hands as well as of States." Over all the members of that presi dential theater party a black and awful fate hung menacingly. The fate of the assassin, John Wilkes Booth, is too well known for repetition— I shot down like a dog, as he was, in a burning barn. | Many have not followed the end of oth- ! era indirectly as«oeiated_,with the tragedy. The stricken widow of the martyred President passed the'fbalnnce of her days iu melancholia and madness. Of the guests who were with her in the box that night, one slew the other and ended his own life a maniac. By a curious coincidence, even Sorgt. Boston Corbett, who shot Booth in the barn, became insane and was afterwards confined in a Kansas asylum. VALENTINES OUT OF DATE. Original Verse, Flowers or Candy Ara Now the Proper Gifts, Valentines are out of date. That is the edict of society. When the 14th of February comes around now the proper caper is to write to your lady fair a few choice stanzas of valentine verse, or, in case of your inability to construct proper rhyme, send around a few bunches of vio lets or sweet roses or a nice box of candy —a heart shaped box preferred, of course —all tied up with pretty silk ribbons. The flowers ami the candy may not last as long ns the poetry, but the flowers will lie prettier, the candy will taste better and both will be more appreciated. Wlieu it is said that valentines are out of date the statement lias to be made, of course, witli some reservation. They are out of date as gifts between fashionable adults, but among children they are popu lar still. Every little Ind and InRsie watches for the postman on the morning of St. Valentine's day, of course, and is disappointed if the mail brings no love message, no little embossed and painted Cupid. What is meant by the statement that valentines are out of date is that the day of the three-story, fussed and fuzzy, hand-painted, lint and nonsense creation, over which young ladies used to go into ecstasies of delight and young men used to go into bankruptcy, has long been pass ed. The custom of sending that sort of remembrance is ns dead as the custom of New Yeur's calling. It was never a sen sible custom anyway, for no young man felt really repaid in putting a week's sal ary into a gift to a young lady when, be cause of tlie mystery and secrecy that I have to lie < bservod in sending valentines, he eould not accompany it with his card. It was altogether too discouraging to j have his hated rivnl get the credit for sending a sentimental lot of poetry all done up in fluffy expenslveness for which he had cheerfully emptied his pockets an! "gone broke." Valentines of that sort have had their day and belong now to the sweetly remembered past. I.Iihvi'h'« I imltnesi fop Grant. An .utilising and po-sibly instructive an ecdotc, in winch Lin. «>'.n mid Grant fig ure. mul showing the hitter's estimate of r avait y. is related by Mr. William O. Stoddard, for some time one of the fur nier'* private secretaries. The general hud not long been in command of the Army of the IVtomae, when one day Mr. Stoddard u*U<-«l Lincoln's opinion of ! him. "Grout." replied the President, "is j the tir*t general I've had. lie's the gen oral!" Remembering the high esteem in which McClellan, Burnside, Hooker and Meade hud been held, Mr. Stoddard ask-1 ed Lincoln to explain, and this is what he said: : "lou see, when any of the rest set out on a campaign they d look over matters and pick out some one thing they were short of and they knew l couldn't give 'era, and tell me they couldn't hope to win unless theyriind it; and it was most generally cavalry. Now, when Grant took hold, I was waiting to sec what his pet impossibility would be, and 1 reck oned it would be cavalry, as a matter of course, for we hadn't horses enough to mount even what men we had. There were 15,000 or thereabouts np near Har per's Ferry, and no horses to put them on. Well, the other day, just as 1 ex nected, Grant sent to me for those very men; hut what he wgpted to know was whether he could disband 'em or turn Ä".Är.S first general l'ee had ttat didn't."-Pitta.. burg Dispatch. PRAYER TO ST, VALENTINE. / Hearts or dollars? ah, to which Should my maiden heart luclla»t To be loved or to be rich? Tell me, good Bt. Valentine. Should I scorn the shining gold? Is a heart a richer mine? Here I'm waiting to be told— Tell me, good St. YalestlM, i ' j ! ' Gy I . PHOTOGRAPHY IN LAWSUITS. Difficulties in Presenting Evidence Mu* terially Lessened by Camera. "Photography has reduced the dif ficulties in lawsuits and trials to a min imum," remarked a member of the bar. "In times past it was the universal custom In murder trials to tako tha juries to the scenes of the crime, bo that they could get a better understand ing of the testimony and the facts In the case. Besides the time imolved, there was consldehable expense iu this, there wns considerable expense in this, grams, drawings and sketches constant ly used in important trials. All this la now done away by the photograph, which Is always accurate. In making copies of exhibits in civil causes, notes, deeds, wills and the like the blue print has done away entirely with the ser vices of the draughtsmen who were em ployed to reproduce the same. "1 remember well the celebrated trial of General Daniel Sickles, then a re presentative from New York, for the murder of Philip Barton Key, who was the United States districtattorney. The pictorial exhibits In tbis trial almost filled one of the walls of the courthouse. The clubhouse in the front of which the Bhooting occurred, now the site of the Lafayette Square opera-house, wns, of course, the prlncipul picture. Then there was a drawing of Lafayette square, showing how Key signaled over to Mrs. Sickles, who resided on the op posite side of that square, and a big drawing of the house on Fifteenth street, between K and L streets, where the meetings between Colonel Key and Mrs. Sickles took place, us well as the signals which were displayed on the house Indicating to Key whether or not Mrs. Sickles bad arrived there. Be sides these, there were other pictures and diagrams which were prepared by William Forsyth, the city surveyor. They cost considerable money, but the whole thing could now be better re presented at the expense of a couple of dollars and ten minutes' use of a kodak. I have known of hundreds of dollars being expended in the preparation of facsimiles of exhibits, forgeries, etc., nil of which enu now be reproduced in n half hour by the blue print process nnd at a very trilling expense compar atively."—Washington star. AUTOMOBILE HOSE WAÜON. IB& AUTOMOBILE HOSE WAOO.N. Theeurlous-lookingpiece of apparatus pictured here lias recently been added to the equipment of the lire department of Paris, France. Experiments with it have been so satisfactory that a num ber of tlie automobile hose carriages are to bo Installed at once. The ma chine carries a crew of from six to eight men and a full equipment of life saving apparatus, chemical extinguish ers aud hose, it is said to lie faster and more easily controlled than any horse apparatus. School Hoys as Haroluetera. It looked like rain, aud naturally he had on u pair of light shoes aud curried no umbrella. The ear stopped on the far side of Girard avenue uud a young lady got In. She bowed, and sat down tlie Sauuterer, who recognised in her a school teacher friend. "What do you think of this beastly weather?" queried he, disgrunecdly. "is it going to rain, or isu't it?" ..j cttU - t toll you today," answered lady, smiling an acceptance * 3 * of whatever might come. "If it wer» a school day, aud you were willing to come to school with me. 1 could tell you lu a very few minutes with absolut» certainty. It'll sound funny to you, but It's true. 1 Lave noticed that you can always tell what the weather la going to do by the cbildrcn. They'r» regular barometers, if there's going to be a storm they get restless, and I have tbe hardest kind of work to con t ro | them. Particularly the boys. Th» g| rb j aren't so bad, but there seems t» be 8ome m y 8terioHS q Uality ftbout ap . proachlng rain «„.« n. tormer. I aa sot eo now l don't Man» them, because I don't believe they can help it. So you see," she concluded, ns she got out at Chestnut street, "children have their uses, after all."—Philadel phia Inquirer. Words Often Mispronounced. Carnegie (Andrew), Kar-NEG e (''e** In second syllable as In ebb). E-ther and ne-ther are preferred to !-ther and ni-ther by Webster, Walker, and Smart I Room, soot, roof, broom, and soon have long sound of oo, as In food; many give Incorrect sound, aB In foot Decollete da-kol-TA ("o" as in "old"), not da-KOL-ta. Bap-tis-ter-l, not bap-tls-trl. Canton—In China, Kal-TON, ln the United States, KAK-ton. Krupp Is pronounced as Kroop (oo same as in "ooze"). Nlgaragua Is pronounced Ne-ka-RA gwa. Irrevocable—Ir-REV-o-ka-ble, not lr* re-VO-ka-bl. Patriotism Is pa-tri-ot-ism, not pat-ri ot-lam. Figaro Is fe-ga-RO, not FE-ga-ro. Herculaneum Is properly her-ku-LA ne-um ("a" In accented syllable same is In "ask"). Vagary is va-GA-rl, not VA-ga-rl. Wilhelm is pronounced Vll-helm.— . Indianapolis Press. I A circus ostrich once made a meal of aauer kraut and fat pork, and died within three days of Indigestion.