THE WESTERN NEWS.
A cycle path for wheelmen may be
considered a good thing on the side.
At last all is made clear. lie Is called
■he unspeakable Turk because money
A contemporary asks In an editorial
deadline "Were our ancestors black?"
Some of their deeds were—very.
Thors Is a movement on foot to or
«ganize a banana trust It will require
?ao Supreme Court to take the hide off
The latest thing in railway inven
tions Is a elgar-shaped train. It is
fceing puffed by some of the seien tille
■"Bobs" Is still the way the English
.papers refer to Lord Roberts, although
they confess he's made a bigger name
tor himself. *
An Italian opera company Is reported
to have been wiped out by yellow fever
In Brazil, but some mean people will
probably claim that the chorus died
of old age.
Word comes from Texas that a cy
<«ione recently picked up a girl, carried
her half a mile and put her down
without even a bruise. Texas cyclones
Shave now done nearly everything but
hatch out eggs aud chum the butter.
Prince Alexis Dolgoroukoff has been
<ln this country investigating the stand
ing of American capitalists for the
.Russian government. If he limited his
researches to a consideration of the
■tax lists he found that American capi
talists are generally a very poor lot.
All the momentary indications to the
contrary notwithstanding, we venture
"■he assertion with great confidence
Hthat never were character aud a good
..jaameof as much value as business as
sets as they are to-day. Time was
(When by a change of environment and
the formation of new connections a
Easiness man who had kept within the
KtevUed Statutes to the extent of keep
out of jail could balance the record
•«C bis past and open a new account
'With fortune. This Is becoming iu
-prcaslngly difficult. The very perfect
machinery of investigation maintained
t>y the commercial agencies, supple
mented by the even more searching
smtaiysis of the associations of manu
^Cacturers, merchants and financial in
stitutions formed for mutual informa
d 0 on and protection, give the man with
shady past or a record clouded by
Wrongdoing very little chance to es
recognition, however disguised.
There is bound to be a reaction
■ggainst the present popular form of
faction, with its dueling duchesses, gam
hUng princesses and abnormally ar
4fem lovers. The realists will have
^beir day and we shall know* just how
W»eiina felt when she w*ent to market
the morning, and just how the car
f s and cabbages were arranged in
! grocer's window. There is much
be said for these still water come
ss, and even the relation between the
usekeeper and her grocer is full of
psychological subtleties. For the gro
<mr knows exactly w*hat his customer's
standard of crispness, both in life and
fh lettuce, is, and just what degree of
ness It will be possible for her
endure. It i 3 time that the world
■Bailed that the eternal love theme is
m*t the only legitimate subject for
■■©vela. All of the lanes of life are not
Jprers' lanes, with the altar aud orange
JAossoms at the end of them. There
:fis some pretty sequestered paths
mbere platonic friends love to wander
*nd where all sorts of lofty relation
ifhips are formed. It would be gratify
ing to many readers should the novel
teta take to these paths when In pur
milt of subject matter.
Sn his monograph prepared for the
«educationalexhibit of the United States
qtt tlie I'aris exposition Prof. Nicholas
^Murray Butler feels calkd upon to jus
tify the multiplicity of small colleges
"örtlich is often the subject of foreign
-criticism. There are 472, aud he ad
tplfs that the number is enoromus aud
that many are small and weak aud ill
cndowed, and that the criticisms
..gyjaliist the existence of many are jus
attfied. Yet he says It should not be for
gotten that almost any college exerts
helpful Influence upon the life of its
■■locality. The fact Is frequently over
looked that all American colleges de
JsDd for their student attendance in
Auge measure upon the residents of
«heir own immediate neighborhood.
ïfmw draw from the nation at large,
rand even in these few the greater num
ber of the students are from within the
litetitutlons' own State or the limits of
their own section of the country. For
«■sample, of the 27,956 students attend
Htag «wlleges In the North Atlantic divl
MÜOB of the United States 26,393, or
sHLAl .per cent, are residents of the
states included In that division. Of
'■he«A 29 students In the colleges of
abuMachusetts 5,562 are residents of
«N State and 88.37 per cent are resi
gn* of the North Atlantic division.
YSSie colleges In Oregon draw 99.87 per
«■eni. of their students from the Pacific
mamtt and 96.09 come from the State. It
IQs safe to assume that most of these
■fthhinls would have to do without a
«aSlflntn education were It not for the
«■mal colleges In Oregon. The report
tmf the University of Michigan excel
latently illustrates the truth of Dr. But
ilsr's contention. Although the Ûnlver
■f Michigan draws from all the
world, yet of Its 3,447 students 2,009
are reported as residents of the State.
Public events that have come home
with peculiar force to the people of
this nation seem to call for a repetition
of the' homely aphorism, "Honesty Is
the best policy.'' If there wore no
Christian religion, if "thou shalt not
steal" had never been Inscribed in holy
writ, the truth would still hold good
that the risk of dishonesty is out of all
proportion to any possible gain. It la
said that most newspaper men are pes
simists—that they are, as a class, cruel
and unfeeling. There may be some»
thing in the.charge. Their work brings
them in contact with so much that is
insincere, with so much of misery, with
so much of crime, that, unless they be
broad enough to understand that their
lives are narrow, they are prone to
think the world is made up of these
things. But the newspaper man usually
learns early that "honesty is the best
policy." Almost daily he comes in con
tact with the hardship, the disgrace
and the misery that follow dishonesty
almost as surely as night follows the
setting sun. A trusted employe sudden
ly "resigns," and when the reporter
comes to look into the facts he finds a
sorrowful employer, a crushed and pen
itent ex-employe and a family, half
crazed with a grief that is worse than
death, imploring that nothing be print
ed of the matter. Nothing appears about
it in the paper, of course, but the young
man, "short in his accounts," never re
covers from the blow. A building as
sociation or bank has been looted by
Its managers, a commercial enterprise
has been w recked by dishonest prac
tices, in almost any of the cases that
occur, always comes the same stagger
ing load of sorrow and shame. We are
in the world to gain as much of happi
ness as we can. Let any one look among
those he knows best and ask himself
who, among them, are the happy ones.
Invariably he finds them to be the ones
that have lived the best lives according
to the Christian code of marais.
Whether they be rich or poor seems to
make little difference in the sum of
happiness they are able to extract from
life. If their records be clean, if they
have nothing to be ashamed of, if they
possess the proud consciousness that
they have accomplished good In the
world, if they have the confidence and
respect of those that know them, riches
beyond a comfortable competence can
make little difference In their happi
HOW SHE WON FATHER.
The Old Man Was Amused at Her
This Piety hill family is rich, Influen
tial and free from the weaknesses of
the parvenu. The daughter in question
has an admirer who pleases her. But
she is the only one in the whole domes
tic circle who is under the spell of his
attractions. He is a fine fellow, perhaps
a bit too fine, for he has some very old
fashioned ideas aud lives up to them.
The other day she had a battle to have
him with them for dinner, says the De
troit Free Press.
They had just begun to enjoy the
soup when he turned to the father and
effusively thanked him for a picture re
ceived as a birthday present. It was as
dainty and pretty a piece of work as he
had seen in a long while, and it was
particularly welcome from her father.
All but one of bis hearers, father in
cluded, looked stunned. He cleared his
throat and, while sparring for time,
caught the eye of the favor te daughter.
It was shining, knowing, aud command
"Ah, yes, yes; glad you liked It." And
the head of the house deliberately
burned himself with the soup.
"What was it?" And the mother
lowered the temperature of the room
until the more timid shivered.
"I presume it was a water color,"
said the daughter, hurriedly. "Some
thing pastoral, no doubt. George likes
such things. Dark frame, of course."
"Guessed it the first time," smiled the
"It was so good of you," murmured
"You darling old popsy," she whisper
ed after dinner. "I knew you'd und r
stand. We never show him any kind
ness, so I just went down and bong t
that picture and enclosed your ca.d.
Isn't he grateful?"
It tickled the o'.d gentleman. He felt
important and like a protector. Before
the family separated for bed he made
an emphatic announcement that the
daughter should marry any one she
wanted to and he would allow no inter
Irritation of the Lip Causes Cancer.
"Cancer of the lip," a city physician
says, "is caused more frequently than
one would think by the toothbrush.
Let me illustrate this by a typical case
which I am treating now. John Blank
smoked a good deal, and, to keep his
teeth white he cleaned them hard three
times a day with a brush whose bris
tles were like wire. He brushed a
little patch of skin from his lower lip.
Afterward be was careful, and the sor?
spot healed. But then he forgot, and
the spot became sore again. This went
on a year or so. Two days out of the
seven this one place In Blank's lip was
sore. Finally, it began to pain him;
it hurt him all the time; It smarted
even when apparently healed. He
would awake In the night with the
sharp plnèhing pain there, and the
pain was like the clutch of a crab's
claw, for he had cancer now—cancer
due to the Irritation which he had ap
plied thrice dally for a year to that one
spot with bis stiff-bristled brush."—
Some people go through Ufe looking
as if they were sorry they had ever
GROWTH OF THE UNITED STATES
IN A CENTURY.
Historical Events of National Import
Recalled by the Celebration of July
Fourth — Great Strides Which Onr
Country Has Taken.
NE of the wise
men who signed the
declaration of inde
pendence is said to
have expressed the
wish that he might
arise from his
grave a hundred
years later in order
that he might wit
ness the manner in
which posterity ob
served the Fourth
of July. If this wish had been granted,
it is safe to say That the worthy gentle
man who expressed' it would have been
exceedingly surprised. During the cen
tury's sleep, says the St. Louis Repub
lic, America had advanced from a state
of tutelage into a vigorous state of inde
pendence, and the joy of her people nt
finding their forefathers' dream of liberty
fully realized was never more character
istically shown than on the day that
marked the centennial celebration of the
country's greatest holiday. Verily, the
visitor from the land of shades would
have been amazed at the sights aud
sounds of that splendid anniversary. In
a word, he would have found himself in
an entirely new world.
IIow. amazed this worthy eighteenth
century patriot would be if he could only
shake off his shroud and take a look at
his Fatherland during the Fourth of
July. He would then see how great are
the strides which the country has taken
since that evcr-memorable day, when he
bravely signed his name to the most im
portant document that was ever formu
lated in America, and it would not take
him long to realize the fact that the Unit
ed States have grown greatly in many
directions since their people celebrated
the centennial anniversary of the Fourth
of July. Indeed, there are many thou
sands of Americans who would tell him
that the country has cause to rejoice on
this Fourth of July.
Great A 'hievements.
Is it necessary to enumerate the many
reasons for national rejoicings? Do we
not all remember how American seamen
gave the death blow to Spain's colonial
power on that memorable day before the
Fourth of July, 1898—on the day when
the gallant but luckless Admiral Cervera
steamed out of Santiago Bay right into
the arms of a vigilant foe, with the result
that he was captured and his entire
squadron was practically annihilated?
Can we forget the story of El Caney, the
charge of the Rough Riders up San Juan
Hill, on the memorable days of July 1
and 2, and the many other stirring inci
dents of the Cuban campaign, or is there
a true American living whose pulse does
not beat faster nt the memory of the
GROWTH OF THE UNITED STATES IN A CENTURY.
,«» vv Pacific oct/tn
nk ** 1
eu Li or mjuco
Population, about............................ 3 , 000,000
Area (in square miles)........................3-45,065
Wealth, about..........................$ 1 , 000 , 000,000
—St. Louis Republic.
doughty deeds doue by Dewey uud his
men iu Mnnila Bay?
A history of the previous celebrations
of this day would form an interesting
hook, since it would show that some re
markable events in American history
have taken place on the Fourth of July.
Among these three are especially promi
nent—the battle of Gettysburg, the sur
render of Vicksburg and the deaths of
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.
Strictly speaking, the battle of Gettys
burg began on July 1, 1863, and ended
on July 3, but ever since it took place it
lias in the minds of the people been as
sociated with the Fourth. Adams and
Jefferson died within a few hours of each
oilier on the fiftieth anniversary of the
declaration of independence. Jefferson
died first, and, curiously enough, Adams'
last words were: "Thomas Jefferson still
Singularly enough, our method of cele
brating the Fourth does not differ in
many respects from thnt which was in
vogue half a century ago. Then, as now,
patriots everywhere made the day an oc
casion for delivering speeches, for eating
dinners, for attending picnics, dances and
other forms of merrymaking, and for
ringing bells and firing off cannons. The
small boy of to-day has a better toy pis
tol than his grandfather had when he
was a boy, but it ia doubtful if it makes
more noise than the old-fashioned blun
derbuss which was the favorite Fourth
of July weapon among youths in the old
days. Similarly the fire rockets of our
day may ascend to a height and produce
a more dazzling effect than the old rock
ets were ever capable of, but are we
quite sure that they add more to the gen
eral hilarity and enthusiasm than waa
FOURTH OF JULY ON THE FARM.
JT. -XT -
added in the old days by the tar barrels
of our fathers? Happily the tar barrel
has not gone out of fashion. The small
hoy delights in the blaze that rises from
it, and as the small boy is usually lord
of the Fourth, the resinous barrel will
doubtless continue to feed flames for
some years to come.
To hypercritical and ultrasensitive
souls our method of celebrating the great
est of American holidays seems awfully
barbaricj, nnd it is quite true that noise
is the predominant feature of the day's
celebration. Noise, however, is also the
predominant feature of battles, and
though they, too, are in a sense
awfully barbaric, the world does
not yet seem to have arrived
at a state of civilization which will ren
der it safe for the nations to turn their
swords into plowshares. And, after all,
a thing ma.v be barbaric nnd yet quite
useful. Sickly things, whether nations or
children, seldom make much noise, nnd
whatever noise they do tnnke is generally
of the whining order. It is the healthy
children and the healthy nations which
make the most noise in the world, and
they, too, usually fare best in life.
This apparent npotheosis of noise may
rouse the ire of persons afflicted with in
somnia, who invariably look forward
with dread to the night preceding the
Fourth, knowing well that their ears will
be racked with the tintinnabulation of
bells, tlie boom of cannon nnd the bang
bang of firecrackers. Such pefsous ure
deserving of sympathy, hut they ought to
remember that this of all days in the yeur
is the one on which Young America loves
to show its patriotism, nnd that it has
not yet discovered, nor, indeed, is likely
in the near future to discover, any more
suitable manner of manifesting its pat
riotism than by making all the noise pos
AFTER THE BATTLE.
Hla Only Regret Was that He Had
Missed So Much.
It was the evening after the Fourth,
as the glorious sun was sinking to its
gorgeous couch of red and white clouds
and blue sky, and the small boy, packed
in cotton, lint and a splint or two, was
lying with his face to the west, while
his father sat by his side fanning him.
He was doing as well as could be expect
ed and waa already able to talk.
"Papa," he said in a dreamy, langor
ous tone, "did they have a Fourth of
July when you waa a little boy?"
"Oh, yes, my son," answered the fath
"Just the same kind they have now?"
"Just the same."
"And did yoU celebrate when you was
a little boy?"
"Yea, but I waa more careful than you
were, and didn't get hurt so."
"I guess yen didn't have much fan,
did you?" he asked, trying to turn toward
The father looked at the combinat! oa afj
Population (Including Islands)..............85,000,000
Aiea (In square miles).....................3,408.365
bandages and boy on the bed and smiled.
"I thought I did, but perhaps I was
mistaken," he replied.
At this point the doctor eame in nnd
made it unpleasant for the boy for some
minutes. Then he went nway and the
boy sniffed awhile and resumed conversa
tion with his father.
"Is the Fourth going to keep on every
year?" he asked.
"There's nothing on earth can stop it,
I guess," replied the father with patri
"That's good, ain't It?"
"We all think so in this country."
"And how long since it started?" per
sisted the boy, who should have been
trying to go to sleep.
"Ever since 1770; about a hundred and
A shade of disappointment swept over
the boy's face.
"Gee, pop," he exclnlmed, "how much
I've missed," nnd then the father insist
ed that he must stop talking and try to
get some much-needed rest.
A Fourth of Ju y Joke.
It was n hot, close evening, the third
of July, many years ago. A young law
yer and some friends were sitting outside
of his office in Springfield, 111., to get a
breath of the evening air. They lounged
about comfortably in their chairs, tipped
them back against the wall of the build
ing, and amused themselves tulkiug on
The conversation turned upon the crow
ing of cocks, and the young lawyer re
marked that he could set all the cocks in
the region about to crowing. So he gave
a shrill, clear "Cock-a-doo-dle-doo-oo!" Tn
a second came a response from a rooster
not far away, then another took up the
refrain, then nuother, nnd so on until all
ee roosters residing in that region had
had something to say about it.
The small boys of the town, awakened
by the lusty crowing, nnd taking it as a
signal of the dawn of the glorious
Fourth, jumped into their clothes with
the speed that is impossible on any day
but thnt one, and in a few moments
bang! bang! bang! went crackers, torpe
does, small cannon and everything else
employed on that day to make a noise.
All over the town resounded the boom
and bang, and doubtless, many an inno
cent sleeper was aroused from sweet
slumber by the untimely announcement
of the Fourth, while the young lawyer
and his companions enjoyed a hearty
laugh at the joke that had been played
on the boys. j
1 'his young lawyer afterwards became
t resident._ 1
Forgot the Fireworks. 1
Farmer Jones—Let's see. Bally, I guess
we've got everything for the Fourth now
—sticking plaster, lint, sweet oil, splints.
crutches, bandages- I
Mrs. J one*—But, good gracious; Bilasl
you're forgot to buy tbo fireworks^
Observations on Commonplace Thine«
by the Atchieon Globe Man.
The only time rubber-necking la ex»
disable in a man ia when his wife ap
pears In new clothes.
When a man plans a wicked thing,
circumstances all shape themselves to
assist him in doing It.
We are forced to respect some people
who have been in jail more than a lot
of people who have never been there.
When a cut glass atomizer gets out
of order, It has to be kept from gen
eration to generation as an ornament.
If you feel that you must occasion»
ally yield to the temptation to tell a
lie, tell one so big that no one will be»
If a man was a generous uncle to hla
sister's children before he married, she
always looks upon bis children as In
When a married daughter lives next
door to her mother, she can save some
money by getting along without a
So many of the new novels have an
Immoral tendency, that people are gos
siping about them Instead of their
Who says there is no place like
home? There are lots of them, but
only people whose sense of duty la
great go there.
When a busy man has time to think
about It, he wonders b*rw the Idle peo
ple with no means of support manage
to dress so well.
A girl of fifteen Is behaving above re
proach if the neighbors have never said
that some one ought to "speak" to her
mother about her.
Our Idea of a bright man Is one who
remembers in an hour of leisure the
things he lias been putting off to do
when he had time.
It makes ol4 people cross every time
they see a young person because the
young person fails to appreciate what
a good time he is having.
It is a pity thnt every one hasn't the
privilege enjoyed by a lawyer of send
lng In a bill to those who Insist upon
telling him their troubles.
To give the proper flavor to fried
chicken, It should be served with a
written guarantee that It is the fowl
that tore up your garden.
If a woman keeps the same cook aa
long ns six months, other envious wom
en say that they wouldn't hnve such
a cook in their houses five minutes.
When a boy gives another boy to un
derstand that he wants to see him
behind the barn, it signifies nothing
so Important as the women folks think.
It is a girl's idea that wheu a wash
woman sees a new shirt waist worn by
one of the family, »lie begins to gloat
over the fun she will have in fading it.
The desirability of electric light or
gas is that a light is made for a caller
without an apology from the hostess
for the condition of the lamp chimney.
A man of 30 is too old for young peo
ple's social parties, but a man of 50
seems to be still young enough to at
tend young people's meetings at
One of the funniest sights in the
world Is a woman who has reached the
age when she can easily weigh 175
pounds, appearing with her college
class pin on.
We- have often wondered what the
little cups are for thut stand on a table
In a woman's parlor, aud have found
out at last; they are to make something
more to dust.
When a woman makes a hall seat by
effectively covering an old trunk with
a piece of Turkish drapery, and putting
a cushion on it, she is said py other
women to be "artistic."
Leasing Pacific Islands.
The lease of Laysan Island from the
Hawaiian Government by H. Hack
field & Go. has drawu attention to the
chain of deserted islands stretching
westward across the Pacific from the
Hawaiian group, aud it is quite prob
able that others will find lessees und
tenants. Laysnn Is nearly 700 miles
from Kauai, aud Hackfeld & Go. have
placed twenty-five Japauese under an
overseer on it It Is rich in guano, and
the lease is expected to prove very prof
itable. Bird Island, which is only 115
miles from Kauai, is also being Investi
gated, and If deemed ricb enough will
be leased. Other islands in the loug
group are known to be very rich. Bird
Island is one of the rugged rocky sen
tinels of the Pacific. It was visited In
the last century by both Douglas and
X !" """
Vancouver. One of the most interest
lngr ,slands 111 the group Is Midway. It
,s mles from Bird Island, and was
once used as a midocean coaling and
supply station by the Pacific Mall
Steamship Company, but was abandon
e d years ago. A revival of the plan has
been suggested at various times. It
would prove bandy at times.
Making the Best of it.
"Will you have this here woman to
be your .lawful wedded wife?"
"That's wbat I Towed I would."
"Will you love, honor and obey her?"
"Ain't you got that switched Toun',
Ba ^ d g™ 0111 -
John, said the bride-elect, "don't
? ou reckon the parson knows his busl
ness? Answer the question I"
"Yes," said the groom; "reckon I'll
have to."—Atlanta Constitution.
Two Important Words Lacking.
1 There Is no word in the Chinese Un -
1 gunge that conveys an Intimation of
what we term public opinion, nor In
there a synonym for patriotism.
I __ 7
Wh ." > . * CTt * * man °®
street be attributes It to ber sharp
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