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IN THE OLDEN TIME.
CELEBRATION OF INDEPEND. ENCE DAY LONG AGO. Hessian Band Furnished the Music for the First Official Jollification Noise in the Early Bays Was Given Secondary Place on Programme. N ye olden time they cel ebrated "independence day" and not the "Fourth of July." The change of name came with the change in the manner of celebrating the anniversary of the signing of the declara tion of independence. Many people deplore the present method of show ing appreciation of na tional freedom and deplore as well the fact that the rising generation speaks of the coining "Fourth" rather than of "In dependence day," a name so pregnant with meaning. Perhaps the people who "deplore" are right. One of the signers on that famous Fourth of July, 1770, declared on his deathbed that he would like to sleep a century, then wake up to find out how future generations were celebrnting Inde pendence day. If the old gentleman's wish were to be granted, when he heard the fish horns, the multitudinous snap ping of John Chinaman red wrapped in ventions, the reports of the dangerous torpedoes and dynnmite crackers he might he willing enough to hurry back to the tomb. When some stnid New Englander finds fault with the present method of cele brating the nation's birthday the noise making small boy may with good grace tell him that New England's patron saint, John Adams, recommended that the day lie recognized by just such a din as young America is making. It is true, howevcf, that President John suggested that the early part of the dny should lie given over to solemn acts of devotion. Then ho said the day should be commem orated "with pomp, parade, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illumina tions from one end of the continent to the other for evermore." Of the first celebration of a Fourth of July by the continental congress Adams in writing to his daughter said: "The people shouted nnd huzzahed in a way to strike utmost terror to every lurking tory. There was a splendid illumination and while a few surly houses were dark the show would have given King George a heartache." Hessian Band Played. On this first otficial celebration of Fourth of July by Congress that body se cured music for the day and nt the same time afforded .the people a great chance for amusement and laughter by forcing the Hessian hand, which was captured by Washington nt Trenton the December previous, to play in the public si pi are all day long. There is on record a fairly full account of an Independence dny celebra tion which George Washington attended as the guest of honor. The celebration was held at the Spring gardens, near « i m ê n fS ä! SÜ m •V v a/" or* AN OLD-TIME INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATION. Alexandria, Va., "with a lnrgo company of civil and military people of Fairfax Comity." Things were not particularly bright for tlie colonial armies on the first anniver sary of the declaration of independence. The soldiers at Morristown heights, how ever, under Washington's command eneh received an extra gill of rum with his ration in recognition of the dny. The third anniversary of the signing of the declaration was made memorable by the issuing of an order by the couimauder in-chief that all military prisoners under the sentence of death should be pnrdoned. Perhaps the most enthusiastic and heartfelt celebrations of Independence duy did not take place on the day itself. News traveled slowly in the year 1776, and it was some days before New York knew that the country had been declared free. When the pleasing information did reach there, however, the town went wild. The king's statue was pulled down and melted up into bullets for the Ameri can armies. Two or three days after New York hid given vent to its enthusi astic feelings Boston celebrated. A Brit ish army officer who was a prisoner in the hub at the time wrote an account of the rejoicings of the "deluded people.** LABOR NOTES. All sectioon men on the Cincinnati division of the Chespeak A Ohio Rail road are out on a strike for higher wages. The trust manufacturing farming implements laid off 1,500 men indefi nitely. Tbe St Louis Street Railway employ ees have sent out appeal for financial add. READY TO CELEBRATE HIS BIRTHDAY. '-//// y.' 1 % V 7 r /j Wa y He was, escorted b ya band of patriots to see the "goings on" and confesses that he pnjoyed the occasion as a break in a rather monotonous life of captivity. The crowd of Bostonians tore down the lion and the unicorn from the old headquar ters of the British Government, after ward the old Massachusetts state house. It was not until after the signing of the treaty of peace with Great Britain that celebrations of Independence day were held regularly in all places. Dinners were favorite features of the dny. Ev erybody was invited and it was seen to that there was enough for ajl. The citi zen sat down nt the outdoor table with out any fear that a cannon cracker was to be exploded under him before he had finished his first course. Pandemonium had not ns yet come into general use as a synonym for the features of the Fourth of July. All through Virginia the public and private feasts on Independence day had as a dish what wns known as Bruns wick soup or stew. The name probably arose from a desire on the part of the Virginia householders to suggest that the kingly house of Bruuswick was "in the soup." In the staid land of steady habits, Con necticut, in the town of Hartford it was the custom for yenrs to have a great dinner "in the field." A newspaper of 100 years or so ago gives an account of one of these dinners and a list of twenty toasts. The crack military companies of the section were in attendance at the dinner. The Boston official dinners on Indepen dence day were held in the hub's cradle of liberty, Faneuil Hall. Edward Everett Hale tells of one of the earliest Fourth of July celebrations of his remembrance. It was that of the year 1833, and on that day for the first time a great chorus of school children sang "My Country, 'Tis of Thee." Character of Celebration Channel. It was just about this time that the character of the celebration of the anni versary of the birthday of American in dependence began to change. Parades w«m held m usual, bat noise began to A great auxilliary plant to the Union Iron Works in San Francisco, Cal., is to be established in that city on the corner of Second and Folsom streets. The Emperor of Japan has issued an order restraining emigration to the United States which is practically pro hibitive. The twenty-two strikers who were arrested for rioting during the strike at Croton Dam, Westchester, N. Y., have been acquitted by the Jury. take the place of speeches and in the larger towns of the reading of the declar ation of independence, which had always been a feature of the celebration. The opening of trade with China brought in the small firecrackers and American fac tories soon found the means of making big ones. Noise assumed the scepter and has reigned ever since. There is a strong desire on the part of many people to-day to change the character of the celebra tion of Independence day and to make it like unto that which it once was. All sorts of pinns have been suggested for a more orderly and solemnly impressive celebration of the republic's natal day. The effort to change the methods of the day's recognition are being exerted in a virile way, nnd it may be that the pres ent generation will live to find something more in the Fourth of July than a picnic, the explosion of a pack of crackers under a tin pan or the rush of a rocket which, ! I I like too many Independence day célébra tions, ends in a "stick." Value of Patriotic Celebrations. It is sometimes hard work and a good deal of expense, especially in small and not well-to-do communities, to get up a Fourth of July celebration; but every gathering of this sort pays the largest kind bf interest on the investment in the cultivation of the spirit of patriotism nnd the proper education of boys and girls in the theory and practice of Fourth of July celebrations nnd similar observances that shall mean more than a simple good time. Good Reason. Parson Goodman—Little boys, do you know just why it is that you are shoot ing off that cannon and those giant crack ers? Boy—Sure! The old slob wot lives in that house hates boys and can't stand noise and won't let us play ball in his lot!—Puck. Fourth of July Night. Mr. Mulcahey—Begob, an* thim Ro mans moosht hov loved excoitement aff they used thim thinga fer candlesl—New York Journal. Female boot blacks are increasing In number in Paris. They dress neatly and are coakingly polite when they ut ter the French equivalent for "Shine, sir." Sweeden is making rapid industrial progress. Over 250,000 men are em ployed in the factories, about 60,000 in the sawmills, 30,000 in the mines, tex tile factories and machine shops and 25,000 inquarries. Stonecutters employed on the new A CLEVER BEAT. He Was Caught Dead to Bights and Begged for Pity.* "I've had a variegated experience with hotel beats In my time," said a veteran bonlface who was In town on a visit the other day, according to the New Orleans Tlmes-Democrnt, "but I believe the funniest Incident in that line that ever came under my observation occurred some years ago when 1 had charge of a house at a sister city not a thousand miles from New Orleans. One rainy evening shortly after the arrival of the Eastern trains a tall, good-look ing chap walked Into the office swathed from neck to heels In a long cape mack intosh. It was as handsome a raincoat as I ever saw, and his fashionable hat and the expensive alligator-skin valise he carried in his hand completed the outward picture of a gentleman of means. He wrote his name on the reg ister, and, remarking that he was thor oughly fatigued and not feeling very well, asked to be shown at once to his room. The clerk assigned him to quar ters on the third floor, and one of the bellboys picked up bis valise and led the way to the elevator. When they got out the elevator man slammed the door rather suddenly and kept on going up to answer a call In the next story. It so happened that the long skirt of the stranger's mackintosh caught on a slight projection on the iron work of the door, and as the car shot upward It stripped the garment oil his back very much after tbe fashion of skin ning an eel, leaving him, to tbe blank amazement of the bellboy, clad In noth ing but a suit of red flannel underwear. I was coining down tbe hall Just as the accident happened and I took in the situation at a glance. The fellow had expected to gain his room without de tection, and In the morning would have claimed that somebody had stolen his clothes with heaven only knows how much money in the trousers pocket and probably a gold watch in the vest. "Anyhow, he was caught 'dead to rights,' as the saying goes, and he was taken so completely by surprise that he couldn't Invent any story to account for his condition. He begged piteously not to be arrested, and 1 finally told him to get out, but before he could leave the house he had to have some clothes, and he swapped his elegant valise for a pair of greasy overalls and a blue cot ton Jumper .belonging to the engineer. I heard afterward that he had caught several big houses on the same game." ! BARONESS BURDETT-COUTTS. Enjoying Perfect Health at 86—Her I Young Husband. I The famous millionaire philanthro pist, the Baroness Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, of London, celebrated her eighty-sixth birthday on April 21, gays the New York Commercial Adver tiser. She is enjoying almost perfect health, and says she hopes to live for a century. It was in 1881 that the Baron ess married a native of Philadelphia who had become a British subject— William Lehman Ashmead Baitiett— who had been for some time her private secretary. The Baroness was then 07 years old and her young husband 29. In this marriage custom was re versed. Instead of the bride's chang ing her name the bridegroom changed his. By royal license, bearing date of May 19, 1882, the Baroness' husband had his name changed to William Leh man Ashmead Bartlett-Burdett-Coutts. The Baroness is the daughter of Sir Francis Burdett, who married the laughter of Thomas Coutts. When she Inherited her grandfather's vast prop erty she assumed the additional sur name of Coutts. In 1871 she was cre ated a peeress. The Baroness Is one of the co-heirs of the baronies of Scales Latlmer and Badlesmere. Queen Victoria, it is said, never for gave the Baroness for marrying the American, and snubbed her at a garden party soon after the wedding. Mr. Ashmead Bartlett - Burdett - Coutts' brother Is Sir Ellis Ashmead Bartlett. Their mother died in London a few years ago. Lost Brother's Voice in Phonograph. On the 14th of May, 1881, George Remington, a brother of Peter Hem Ington, of Galesburg, Mich., enlisted In the regular army and disappeared. I Persistent Inquiry failed to discover his whereabouts, the only fact to be ascertained being that of his discharge for disability soon after his enlistment. Three months since Peter was In Kalamazoo, where, by chance, he took In an exhibition of which a phonograph formed a part. Among other features was a fragment from the play, "The Three Guardsmen," during the render ing of which one of the characters de veloped a peculiar and scarcely notice able stammer. Upon the request of Mr. Hemlngton this part was repeated, and that gentleman became convinced that it was the voice of his long-ab sent brother, who had a precisely sim ilar impediment in his speech. Since the above occurrence the clew baa been persistently followed, and re cently tbe two brothers were reunited after nineteen years. South Carolina Homicides. Homicides in South Carolina have av eraged aver 200 a year for the last five yean. court house at Colorado Springs, Colo., are on a strike. During the month of May, 1900, var ious railroad corporations and others have placed orders in the state of Washington for timber, principally bridge timbers, dock stuffs and ies, amounting to over 25,000,000 feet It is now pretty generally believed that President Henry Wade Rogers, of the Northwestern University, has been forced out of his position because of COL. BADEN-POWELL. His Defense of Mafeking Has Made Him an Idol in England. Col. Baden-Powell's gallant and suc cessful defense of Mafeking has en deared him to the popular English heart and set him upon a pinnacle to be pointed to as one of the great lead ers of the South African war. Col. Baden-Powell was the most cheerful person in the besieged town and was tbe force that sustained the weary and worn and hungry people. His spirits never drooped. When Cronje and his 4,000 warriors Invested Mafeking on Oct. 12, 1899, they did not know that there was in command of the garrison a man In whom "never say die" was a literal fact. They did not know that Baden-Powell produced the opera of "Patience" in Kandahar after the siege; that bis first act after reach ing India was to marshal around him all the children he could find and teach them to sing "The Girl I Left Behind Me;'* that Baden-Powell had scouted mj baden- i'o well in battle. safely throxigh dangers that would sadden an American Indian, only to find one situation funnier than the preceding one; that this commandei had such a power over men as to make Afghans his personal admirers and collies his friends, and, not kuow.ug these things, Cronje began the siege. Few men are as versatile as the hero of Mafeking. His accomplish ments are described by an English writer, who knows him well, as those of a first-class sportsman and polo player, a crack shot, an admirable ac tor, a fine singer, a forceful and clever writer, and an artist of great power. With all this he is mod. st and kind hearted and is the Idol of his wife and hts pretty daughter. The unconquerable colonel Is 43 years old. He entered tlie army in 1876, and most of his active service was seen in the Zulu war, during which he recounoitered COO miles of the Natal frontier In twenty days and absolutely alone. Whatever the fu ture may hold for him, it Is not prob able that he will record a nobler per formance than that he has accom plished in the defense of Mafeking. A Strange Pacific Island. The report that Lot's Wife, perhaps the strangest island in the Pacific, had been damaged by an earthquake is de nied, and the claim made that the lone some rock has been seen l>y recent nav igators of that portion of the Pacific. Lot's Wife is In latitude 29:47 and longitude 140:22:30 east, and is south east of the island of Neppon, the larg est of the Japanese group. Meares, the explorer, ran across It in 1788, and at first mistook it for a ship. He called it Meares' rock, but It had very likely been discovered In advance of that time by Spanish explorers who charted It as Vela rock. The United States steamer Macedonian passed it in 1854, and she, too, mistook it for a sail. Its rugged peak rises nearly 300 feet above tbe sea, and it can be seen for twenty-five miles. There is a great cavern in the base of the rocky pinnacle and the sea roars through it with a voice of thun der. The diameter of the water line 19 about fifty feet, and It stands as au im pressive monument to the force of Na ture In convulsion. Money in a Famous Name. It Is estimated that the fame which attaches to Stratford-on-Avon because of tbe fact that Shakspeare was boru there is worth $5,000,000 to that town. The charges for admission to the poet's house, to Anne Hatheway's cottage, to the church, to the memorial and to tlie grammar school net $150,000 yearly— a sum which is equivalent to an Income of 3 per cent, on the $5,000,000 capital. This calculation does not take Into ac count the Income to the railways from the pilgrims to the Warwickshire mecca, and there is no estimate of the profits of the Stratford tradesmen, who do a good business in photographs, pamphlets and trinkets relating to the town and the great bard. Muffs. Muffs were first used by doctors to keep their fingers soft, and were adopt ed by ladles about 1550. I At what age in a woman is it no longer discourteous to entertain a sus picion that her teeth are too good to bs natural? his sympathetic utterances in favor of the poor and criticism of the rich. The National Foundrymen's Associ ation has refused to concede an advance of wages to the moulders, and the men in Chicago, Cleveland and Cincinnati are threatening to strike. The wood workers' bosses in Chicago, who are strongly combined, have unanimously refused to increase wages and 3,000 men may go oat July 1. RAM'S HORN BLASTS* Varaias NiIm Calling th* WtckaA Osh Ikapentaaca. ENOUIKA tlons are kat fine points. Your Heine speaks louder than» all your logic. Washing a pie will not make Ik iviA-uffl x\ uwreti'u stop Nhlhg n*ud VvSnl \\W*y Walking w i t ia * I Æ- God will always W0Ê&* ,ead y«" towarii rj«Ty*s. man. * What you are to men depends on what God 1» to yam Only a tool forgets his folly. A cigar Is usually a bar-magnet. The nourished soul makes steady nerves. Every man Is serving some ktnd eg at master. He who loves folly may well listen to» flattery. Nothing can be done till the past kn undone. Power with man proceeds from power with God. A man is never poorer for the ques tions he asks. We are punished by our sins rather than for them. When the devil is sure of you be wilA let you alone. The stilts of pride do not help in the» walk with God. A creed may be either a compass or a strait-jacket. Tbe saddest truth is less severe that» the merriest lie. Conscience is toe better man withlm the best of men. The biggest coward is the one who la afraid to do right. The sun is always shining to the mam who walks by faith. We all hate self when we see it crop» out in somebody else. Christ's rule Is everywhere, but Hia tliroue is lu the heart. The Bible is the mirror of conscience» held up to muu's heart. A short prayer will get to hcavem quicker than a long one. The harm or a creed is In converting; it from a staff into a club. The perfect man in Christ was before: the imperfect one in Adam. No parent weeps over the fact than the boy outgrows his clothes. Every time you turn your eyes on» evil its shadow falls ou your heart. The way to flee from tlie justice ok God Is to flee to tlie justice of God. It will hurt you more to live a day without prayer than to live it withouk bread. One reason why Job did not get en tirely in the dark was because he kept* looking up. It is better even to stumble along im tlie right road than to step Arm In the» wrong one. Many a man fights for his creed who» never thinks of carrying an umbrella, for his wife. Better tlie pessimism that persists» against odds than the optimism thak makes no effort at all. It Is tlie piivilege of every Christiam to have a mountain-moving faith, and! yet how many grow faint at the sight" of a mole hill? The nation holds open the front door of the saloon while the devil tends the» back door, that leads to the gutter, tha brothel nnd hell. Wh t Kim Across Hie Floor? A Lake View father bad impressed Ills little son with tlie value of observ ing things and reporting anything that seemed strange and interesting. Though not nufre than 5 years old, h» had already taken his father's advice, although his reported discoveries of a. halo around the moon and tlie rnauuer In which the hens scratched up th» early vegetables were more enthusias tic than valuable. The other (lay h» came running In to his father in great excitement and said: "Oh, papa, I just seed something rum across the kitchen floor!" "Rats!" exclaimed his father im amusement. "No, it wasnt wats." "Cats?" "No, it wasn't cats, either." "A dog-a bowwowV" "No," be continued. In great glee OM puzzling bis father. "You?" "No." "Brother Tommy x** "No." "Little sister?" "No. It was sometning that hasn*k any legs. "A worm?" "No." "A snake?" "No, It wasn't a snake." By this time the boy bad excited ni» father's curiosity, but exhausted hl» knowledge. So be had to say: "What was It? I can't guess." "Why, papa, It was just some water.*" Instructions in Bread-Making. Secretary Wilson has undertake» I teach the women of this country to make good bread. He has prepared and published a bulletin which will bm sent to all who apply to the Agricultu ral Department for copies. It begin» with the kernel of wheat and given both a scientific and a popular deseripv tion of its properties and the way tm use it to the best advantage» Diamond Cutt*rs ti There are ninety-two firms in terdam registered os diamond eatterm. in one 850 to 400 workmen are coasts»» qr employed.