Newspaper Page Text
It Lifts a Barrel. ▲ German manufacturer has put on tee market a new barrel pulley, by means of which a barrel can easily be brought Into such a position as to allow • bandy and convenient way eft tap I I ping. The apparatus as represented In the accompanying Illustration, con sists of a simple wooden frame on the flat part of which the barrel Is rolled while resting on the ground. By means «f an inner pulley attachment which «an be worked by a handle fixed on the back of the apparatus, the barrel can be brought Into any desired position. Patchwork Karmina. I have in mind a farm where there Is one wide sweep of grain, not even a fence, only a tiny strip of ground left unplanted, to separate the wheat from tee rye. One large field contains the corn crop. Of course, there are fields for potatoes and for any other vegeta ble that Is raised In quantity, but there are not half a dosen patches. This Is economy. There are no fences to oc cupy room and to be kept In order; there Is not so much time spent in go ing from one field to another, and the conditions are of some value as to the general appearance of the farm. Some may say that the crops must be chang ed from place to place; that potatoes may yield well on one spot and fall en tirely in another, and so on. These objections may bold good to a certain extent. It may sometimes be desira ble to change the crops, but this can be done when necessary, and the farm er Is supposed soon to learn to adapt bis crops to his soil. There Is no need of making a sort of landscape patch work of the farm.—Palmer Sweet In exchange. A Valuable Shire Colt. of no is fed Is off It of on in If to Above Is a portrait of the Shire year ling colt Buscot Squire, that won the champion cup for young stallions at tee late London Shire horse show. Bus cot Squire was sired by Markeaton Boyal Harold 15225, and his dam is Madryn Bonny Lass 1C956 by Willing ton Sir John 8307. He was bred l>y Hon. Alexander Henderson and sold to Sir J. Blundell Maple for 1,500 guineas, or approximately $7,875. The Farm Tools. Keep Farm Tools Sharp.—Too often this Is not thought of until the tools are wanted for use, then much time is lost In putting them in order. It has been said that a man can do as much In two days with sharp tools as In three days with dull ones. 1 know a man who does a great deal of hard hoeing, who thinks the continued use of a file makes n difference of nenrly one-half In the labor. So look after the condition of the hoes, spades, scythes, saws, chisels, etc.; it will pay. A good grindstone And plenty of files are among the best cf farm investments. The man who prepares himself before the rush of spring work comes upon him will al ways be ahead of his neighbor who de fers preparation until time to begin spring work. Grinding Tools.—AH edge tools should be held on the grindstone so that the Action of the stone will be at right an gles to the plane of the edge; In other words, hold edge of tool square across the stone. Ground In this manner, a finer edge Is set, the grinding Is done quicker, the tool holds an edge longer and is less liable to become nicked. A grindstone should always run true, as a tool can not be ground correctly on •ne that revolves with an Irregular mo tion. It Is well to grind on edges of •tone to form a raised surface. Varnish for Tools.—Melt three ounces of tallow with one ounce of resin and ■train while hot, as there may be •pecks in the resin. With a brush apply • thin coating to polish parts and it trill preserve them from rust for any length of time. A Poultry Farm of 81 m. It may prove a matter of surprise to state that Mississippi has a $100,000 poultry farm. Here ts the proof: "The Second largest poultry farm in tho United Sûtes," says the Bay Wave land Commercial Pamphlet, "Is located fifteen miles from Bay St. Louis; 5,000 laying hens ply their vocation, 1,500 ducks and many turkeys are a portion of the enterprise. Twenty to thirty 600 and 800 egg incubators are in con stant use. This alone demonstrates the success of the poultry enterprise. Commenting, the Sea Coast Echo says: When the pamphlet In question was being prepared It was a rule to make no exaggerations, and no statement that could not be fully substantiated upon Investigation. The poultry farm located at Bryant's, on the Louisville and Nashville line, was established a few years ago at a cost of $100.000. It is one of the greatest and most Inter esting. Imagine a place where eggs are gathered dally by wheelbarrows full!" Feed for Horses. When cut feed with corn and oats Is fed to working horses It often happens that the proportion of corn in the meal Is too large, causing the horse to get off his feed, and possibly giving him colic from inability to digest It. If the corn meal produces no other bad effects, It Is apt to make the horse take on fat rather than build up the muscles, as It needs to do for hard work. Some wheat bran with a little wheat mid dlings put In will remedy this. The wheat middlings will counteract the tendency of the bran to produce scours and both are the natural complements of corn meal, which Is mainly carbon aceous, and is, therefore, fattening, rather than strength giving. The horses especially like this mixture when cut feed has been moistened with hot water, thus partly soaking the ration before It Is fed to them. This hot water on bran creates an aroma, of which, mixed with cut hay, horses are exceed ingly fond, and the whole ration being cooked is more easily digested. Poultry Feeding:. Those who want fat chickens or tur keys should remember that the only way Is to begin by feeding right from the beginning. Do not trust to their being able to pick up a living In the fields for the summer, and then fatten in a few weeks before killing. If they find enough to eat when running at large they will eat but little or not at all when they come up at night, but It should be placed where they can get it If they want It. Never let them go to roost until they have had all they care to eat of sound grain, and we prefer the whole grain to any mash as the last food of the day. Of course those who keep their fowl In yards do not need this advice, but they need to feed at regular hours and give as much as they will eat at night To Grow Watermelons. This Ip the way an Iowa correspond euit of Farm, Field and Fireside would grow watermelons: Select a rich loam —sandy loam Is best—and dig holes six feet each way, or In one long row, and put a shovel of well rotted manure in each hill, covering with two Inches of dirt Plant about a dozen seeds In each hill, covering one Inch deep. Plant from the 5tb to the 10th of May. Soon after planting these, say five or six days, plant a hill between each two of the first ones. These will come up about the time the bugs show up gen erally, and they will not touch the first vines, but will destroy the second planting. Should the bugs come early and attack the first vines they are all gone before the others are up. How to Transfer Bees. Bees never attack when their stom achs are tilled with honey or other liquid sweets. This is their normal condition when swarming, and there fore they are then harmless, and also when returning to their hives. Neither do they attack when thoroughly fright ened. We frighten bees by blowing smoke among them or by rapping rather violently on their hives. When bees are alarmed in their hlveB by smoke or concussion, their first Impulse is to fill their honey bagB from their combs. Bees In a hive that Is constant ly being rapped againBt will In a few minutes rush boldly out from among their combs into any empty skip or box set over their place fit exit from the hive. • Filled Cheese. The question of filled cheese has again come to our attention through recent prosecutions in England for selling these goods contrary to law. Several fines have already been imposed upon offenders, and there seems to be a de terminned effort upon the part of the officers of the law to enforce strict ad herence to the provisions of tbs act which was framed to regulate the sale of Imitation cheese. The law provides that retailers shall advise their cus tomers of the character of the article sold, and they shall also wrap each piece of cheese when delivered to a pur chaser with a paper on which is print ed distinctly the words "Margarine Cheese." Native Oklahoma Planta. Those interested in the flora of Okla homa should Bend for bulletin No. 45 of the Oklahoma Experiment Station. This bulletin gives the common and sci entific names of about 750 plants grow ing without cultivation in the territory. A popular summary of the bulletin was Issued, but the edition of this is already exhausted. A copy of the complete bulletin will be sent to all who request It _ Black Knot. Look carefully on the cherry trees for any signs of black knot. It will be an advantage to cut away the branch or limb and burn It if any Indications of the disease are found. It comes from ■pores, and once It gets In an orchard seems to hold Its own. Trees that were treated last fall should be sprayed early, following with spraying several times thereafter. a A HIS IDEAL WOMAN. AN has a number of fixed, old fashioned notions about the Ideal woman, which are quite apart from questions of complexion and dress, says the Woman's Home Companion. The sober truth Is that, while men may seek diversion with the more showy, flippant type of girl, and are often caught by mere glitter, they have an Ideal far, far above this cheap type which is Imperishable. A man does not picture a completely limp and characterless creature as his soul's ideal, however "sweet." Yet the wom an as she appears to him in his dreams is not too clever. It Is a pleasure to be a little superior to his mate—to be "looked up to"—and, as the true wom an desires to "look up," it is clear that nature's arrangements in these matters are not without design. The most charming woman of all Is she who has the consummate wit to seem to "look up" when really she stands on a level with the man who loves her, or per chance a little above him. One thing imperatively demanded in the make-up of the Ideal woman is sympathy—that all-dlvlnlng, all-forglv lng quality which makes the whole world akin. Sympathy is one of the prime factors of charm. So Is humor. A man Is fearfully lonesome when his wife cannot see his Jokes. She could hardly offer him a more deadly affront than to laugh in the wrong place at one of his pet stories. The ideal wom an is religious—has the wise, sweet, old-fashioned notions about right and wrong. A man Is quite capable of mak ing merry over his wife's scruples of conscience, but I think he would be rather disappointed If she had no scru ples—if In his worldly way she was guided chiefly by experience. He may not say many prayers himself, but he loves to know that his children pray at their mother's knee. Perhaps he sometimes reflects that the nightly pe tition from Innocent lips, "God bless father," may not be quite empty of meaning. Head Newspaper«. Mrs. Cynthia Westover Allen Is one of the most capable newspaper women in the country. She told the women of the In ternational press union In Detroit that it was a good thing for wo men to read the news papers. She said: "Suppose they do MRS. alpen. show filth? It is filth that must be seen to be removed. Sup pose they do show crime? It Is crime that springs out of the social conditions that surround you. It is far better to open j'our eyes and ears to the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. That makes you a better church man every day you live. "Women has even discerned that mild scandals about, the people she knows make the most fascinating sort of reading; way ahead of Ibsen or Kipling. But when It comes to having her own name in the papers, she still throws her wings like a fright ened bird, and flutters as though she had a premonition of the post-mortem potpie." Don't» for Clubwomen. Don't Join a club Just because there is a vacancy. Don't join a club expecting to attend only when there is nothing else to do. Don't Join a club until you have read and understand Its bylaws. Don't join a club expecting the officer to furnish all the fuel for the steam of enthusiasm and for the fire of energy. Don't imagine If you are an officer that you have any higher personal priv ileges than a high private, except to work early and often. Don't imagine that every other sub ject on the program would have suited you better than the one the committee assigned to you. Don't Imagine because corporations have no souls that clubs have no episto lary etiquette; prove that they have by answering letters even at the point of nervous prostration.—Harper's Bazar. to With Auburn Hair. Auburn hair of itself Is beautiful, but one rarely meets an auburn-liaired girl who knows Just what colors suit her best. The girl whose hair Is of any shade of so-called red must never, un der any circumstances, wear pink, red or bright yellow. Those colors will only accentuate the reds In her hair, and the contrast is exceedingly unbe coming, says the Pittsburg Dispatch. She may, however, wear golden browns and plenty of them. These will bring out the ruddy gold tints of her hair. She may also wear light and dark shades of blue and green, dark purple, gray, white and lavender, w ith a blue cast. . Baby. Most Important Is the baby's food. This should be given with absolute reg ularity. Because the baby is asleep do not neglect the stomach and let him go for hours without anything In It. Then again, do not, because of his long fast, and the fact that he Is somewhat fret ful, feed him every half hour or so; If this is done, you are surely sowing the seeds not only of trouble, but of serious indigestion and much suffering on the part of the Infant later. It regular feeding hours are estab lished and adhered to, such little crea tures of habit are babies, that when the clock strikes the feeding hour, just so surely will they make their wants known, and often a few minutes In ad vance of time. It will not be necessary to awaken baby; he will wake himself without fail. A child thus regularly fed seldom suffers from Indigestion, al- j though this course depends somewhat upon the kind of food given. A well and regularly-fed baby is Invariably a good sleeper, and a healthy baby will al sleep a good part of the time. It will not be necessary to coax sleep; take It as a matter of fact, and so will the baby. Marianna Wheeler In Harper's Bazar, j _ The Ladysmith Girl. I The rough-rider girl of 1899 has glv en way to the Ladysmith girl of 1900. The Ladysmith girl is Just as chic as the rough-rider girl, if not more B ° It's the hat that makes the Lady smith girl. The hat is made of rough straw, and of Its brim turns down into the face In a way that Is the height of abandon. The . Ladysmith has a bandanna kerchief trimming, loosely folded. The hat Is most popular. | Don't Be a Home Sloven. ! Nothing so tends to coarsen a woman k generally as carelessness about her personal appearance In the privacy of her home or of her apartments. How ever limited her means, if she clings to WA LADYSMITH GIRL. the determination always to appear well at home, she will find later on that she has preserved the root of good taste that will blossom forth delight fully in more prosperous days. The woman, on the other hand, who be comes for whatever reason slovenly seldom finds strength In "better times" to rise up out of the suicidal rut Into which she has thrown herself. Rich, poor or middling well-to-do, there la positively no excuse for an unsightly mien at home. Miniatures as a Fad. The wearing of miniatures Is a fad which has merits which all fads do not possess. It is a charming way of car rying a likeness of some dearly remem bered relative or friend, and If one hap pens to be rich In these beautiful gems of art, one can have a never tiring ar ray of decorative baubles, says the Mall and Express. There Is a delicacy about miniature pendants which ap peals to the refined taste. And when the fashion for wearing them passes away, why, then they may go to the wall, not In a sense of desuetude but merely In an alternative uaeîulness. ■ * Defends Her Husband. Mrs. Irene Sheridan, widow of Gen. Phil Sheridan, has made a spirited de nial of the charges made against her husband's memory by Gen. Manning, of Boston, who made the statement that Gen. Sheridan's fa mous ride t o Win chester was a myth. Mrs. Sheridan says Gen. Manning's charges come rather tardily, thirty-six years after the bat tle. She publishes a letter from Presi dent Lincoln to Gen. Sheridan In proof that he had a very different Idea from Gen. Manning of her husband's services in 1804. r MRS. SHE RID AR. Men, Marriage and Women. In choosing a husband always leave him Jo do a fair share of the choosing. When a man marries the girl he loves he thinks he's got everything he wants, but he soon finds out he hasn't. ! Marrying a woman for money Is gen erally a trifle risky, for you always get the woman and not always the money, : ; Many a married man is kept from wishing that he was single again through fear that his wife will find out about it. Keeping Young. During the banquet given to Julia Ward Ilowe on her eighty-first birth day by the New England Woman's Club, that poet, philanthropist and philosopher remarked that when she was a child an odd friend used to say to her, "Julia, never give in to growing old." "That advice," continued Mrs. Howe, "made a deep Impression on me, and that is why I am here to-day." There Is a bit of philosophy which ev ery woman might adopt as her own and profit by. A Woman's Predicament. The Chicago Post describes the sad case of a woman who was waiting at the "limits car barn" for an Evanston avenue car. There were plenty of Evanston cars, but her transfer check was good only on the avenue line, and she was determined not to pay another fare. At last, as night approached, she went to a telephone and called up her husband. She told him the situation— that no Evanston avenue cars seemed to be running; that it was getting dark, and she was afraid. What should she do? j "Why, take an Evanston car," he re plied.' 1 "But I shall have to pay another fare," she objected. "Well, what of It? You don't want to stay there, do you?" "But I can't," she said, and hesitated, i "Why not?" he asked. j "Because—because, I haven't any _______ _______ _ _ ________^ money. I Just used my last dlme~*ln the telephone to call you up." And then she wondered at the laugh which reached her ears over the win« CONSUMPTIVES WORK CHEAPLY Those Sojourning In California An Bnlning Some Linea of Business. "What they call 'consumptive compe tition' out on the Pacific coast has cer tainly become a grave problem," said a visitor from California at one of the hotels. "From San Francisco to Los Angeles the country is simply overrun with one-lunged Individuals who have emigrated from the East to save funer al expenses and are willing ts work for anything that will keep them alive. The trouble Is that most of them are so dis tressingly competent. I know men wbe held positions at their old homes that To i is ,. .. pald them |6 '°°° a who ar ® wlllln « and anx,ou,, t0 *° to work tor a week ' ° f °° urBe ' th * 80rvlc ®* ° f such chaps are in demand, and they are rap Idly filling all the good Jobs to the ex elusion of healthy natives. I was talk lng to the proprietor of one of the largest hotels In 'Frisco the other day and he was boasting about his crack office force. 'There's my head book keeper,' he said; 'he used to be general secretary of the 'Steenth Avenue Street Railroad in New York and Is one of the finest actuaries in the United States, My chief clerk was formerly manager of the Victoria In London. He speaks four languages.' •< 'You must have to pay them fancy salaries,' I remarked. *Oh! I don't know,' he replied; 'the bookkeeper gets $15 a month and the clerk $20. Ol course,' he added, 'that Includes board.' without exaggeration that's a fair sam | ple . To be sure, the average consump ! t,Te doesn 't last very long, but anothei k always ready to take his place, and way those who are unemployed size W the incumbents of good positions ted calculate their chances of holding 1 * somewhat horrifying to an out ilder. They will chaff one anothei ■bout It, too. I was In a big dry goedi »tore recently when a hollow-cheeked gentleman sauntered up to one of the department managers and asked him how he was feeling. 'Having night iweats, eh?' he said; 'then I suppose I can take hold here about October. But don't hurry on my account Take your lime, old man; take your own time! Consumptive competition was really behind the late effort to have a bill passed restricting cases of tuberculosis from entering the State. The talk »bout Infection was all a bluff. It was ■ matter of cheap labor—same as ths Chinese."—New Orleans Times-Demo* crat. as Profitable Gardening. Ten years ago, says the Concord (N. H.) Patriot, Joseph Dow bought thirty acres of rough laud on the Bow Hills, cleared it gradually and began growing * nia ,, 8 and ve S®t 8 .bles. He now : ti has the land paid for, a new two-story ! house, barn and outbuildings, and this year cultivated three acres in straw berries, one and a half in raspberries, one and a half in blackberries, one and a half In musk and watermelons, one In tomatoes, one in squashes, three fourths of an acre ih onions, one and a half In turnips, two In potatoes, three In corn. In addition, enough hay Is raised to keep four horses, with several tons for market When bought, the farm would not cut hay enough for one cow. Another source of increase Is from the sale of strawberry, raspberry ind blackberry plants. Hard labor, en ergy and perseverance will secure a good living even on the rugged hills of New Hampshire. a How Emery Is Quarried. Emery comes from the island of Naxos, in the Eastern Mediterranean, whence it has been exported for the last two centuries or more. The beds ! are In the northeast of the Island. , There are about three hundred men en- 1 t gaged In the trade, all of whom have a to be married before they are admitted to the fraternity. The material Is much too hard to be dug out or even blasted. . Great fires are lighted around the blocks till the natural cracks expand w jth the heat, and levers are then In serted to pry them apart. This sys- a tern is continued until the blocks are reduced In size to masses of a cubic foot or less, and they are then shipped : as If they were coal. There are said ; to be twenty million tons yet avail able at Naxos, and the last reported year's export was three thousand nine hundred and fifty tons. It Is one of the hardest substances known. A Lively Imagination. A Pennsylvania man had to exnggw ate a little when he wrote home of tha corn they raised out there. This Is how he did it: Most of the streets are paved, the grains of corn being used for cob blestones, while the cobs are hollowed out and used for sewer pipe. The j 1 i j husk, when taken off whole and stood | on end makes a nice tent for the chil dren to play In. It sounds queer to hear the feed-man tell the driver to take a dozen grains of horse feed over to Jackson s livery stable. I don t see how they ever would harvest the corn, as the stalks would grow up in the air as high a** a Methodist church steeple. However, when the ears get too heavy, their weight presses the stalk down In to the ground on an average of ninety two feet; this brings the ear near enough to the ground to be chopped off with an ax. Palatial Cow Car. Experts recommend the use of milk from the same cow, and hence the llttls daughters of the Czar take their cows with them when they travel. During tee visit of the Czar to Germany a pala tial cow car, with two Holstein cows, was attached to the Imperial train. Pipe and Whistle. An Inventive genius has produced a tobacco pipe which has a whistle In the stem In order to enable the smoker to , summon a cab without taking the pip# ( from his month. ••FLOUR" GARDEN. To See It to Beat Advantage Tom XmsS Use a Microscope. It Is peculiar that the waving wheats 'Itself a product of the soil, should lit course of time form a soil wherein will germinate a pretty microscopic garden, i Wheat is transformed Into flour; floor is converted into bread; and bread. If allowed to remain in a damp place, will Us s A HITS OF MOLDT BREAD. raise a crop of what Is generally known as "mold," and which to the naked eye* resembles merely a bluish or greenish tint. When viewed beneath the micro scope this mist reveals itself as com posed of an Immense number of "flow ers," resembling dahlias In a pattern, each supported upon a single long and* slender white stalk. Scientifically thess> "flowers" are known as masses off spores, and are actually bunches off seeds of the tiny plant. ■®KJ v_ r The advertising that does not pay Is almost always the advertising that hast not been given a chance to pay. When an advertiser wants to pay for* space In truck, wouldn't It be a wise move for the publisher to ask him to* name a type founder, ink or paper maker who will do business that waytl' —Exchange. An article In the Buffalo Times, de-* scribing the advertising situation in at city of 30,000 population, which is some thing of a paradise for the program and time-table fakir, really tells tho* ", numêroûrôVheV phteesï From : ti le article, which is long, we take this* ! extract "One good Illustration of the readi ness of the merchants to support any« kind of advertising to be found outside* the newspapers is afforded by a recent; scheme. The scheme consists simply oft a large placard, on which Is printed in, small type the time-tables of the local: railroads, and surrounding this placard; are 112 advertising cards of various size and style. The profit of the thin* can be readily seen when It is known, that the smallest ad. on the placard brought exactly $ 2 . and the larger ones were rated in proportion. As an adver tising medium It is of little value, sim ply because It consists solely of a mass of names piled one above the other In miscellaneous confusion, without ths slightest effort at classification. Mill iners, merchants, manufacturers, mill ers, mahlni 8 ts, meat men, sanitariums, concert balls, colleges, opticians, em balmers, livery stables, hotels, hard ware stores, photographers, plumbers. , 1 t a H° rs > dentists In fact, every kind of a business to be found in a city of 30,000—is jumbled together ln a con fused mass on this card. In this list of . 112 advertisers there are but few who ever expend a single dollar in legltl mate newspaper advertising, and of this few It Is safe to predict they had a bill or claim of some kind against tho enterprising originator of the scheme, and adopted this method of squaring accounts. "This particular scheme ts only one of ninny. Programs always have & substantial support. Billboards catch the multitude, and any kind of a diree tory or other publication that has an ostensible purpose can get unlimited advertising at good rates." Invention of the Boomerang. Of all men's Inventions, the boome rang seems the strangest and least likely kind of weapon for the natural, man, with no knowledge of mechanics, to have hit upon; and yet it becomes Intelligible enough when we hear that | a Australia, where the boomerang was discovered, there grows a tree that gpeds a seedpod of such a shape that it whirs away In the air and returns a g a |Q a § it falls. But how many "black fellows" had watched these seedpods whir and gyrate—our own ash throws g 0 wn things that try to emulate the gy ra tj 0 n—before one of them thought of imitating the shape of the pod on a large scale, and so make the first boom erang? We do not know the fate of the first boomerang, but we know when Newton discovered gravitation, and It Is likely that the seedpods had been fall ing about as long as ap, les.— Black wood's Magazine. Cuba's Original Name. When Columbus discovered Cuba la 1493 be named the Island Juana. A St Louis undertaker advertlsM that he can furnish everything requi site for a first-class funeraL He Is evl a " en tly a doctor as well as an under itaker ' _ to , When women have trouble In keep ( jlng a girl, they say It Is because UMff are "too particular."