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irnmTii 11 ifwwwwfywwi «* N the great Chicago fire of 1871 the ill dally newspaper buildings burned were those occupied by the Tribune, felines, Journal, Republican, Staats Zei tung and Post, Mall and Union and the JPolks Zeitung. In addition to these ftuere were nineteen foreign weekly pa pers, fifteen Juvenile publications, two agricultural journals, eighteen religious papers, eighteen monthly magazines, itwenty-two business periodicals, and Itwenty-elght miscellaneous publica tions, making In all 128 publications left without a home by the fire. By Wednesday morning the dally pa pers were out with issues that sounded like tocsins to call every man In Chi cago to his duty. At 8 o'clock Monday pfternoon, while 15,000 buildings were kMirnlng throughout eight wards of the telty, when the business center of Chi cago was swept away, while the terror ■trlcken people were shrinking along the margin of the lake, or swarmed far Cut on the desolate prairies, the Even ing Journal, true to the spirit of Chi cago journalism, came out with a small extra, containing quite a clear but very Ë ef account of the fire. The page Is .0 Inches, three columns wide. Three pnarters of a column Is devoted to the nrcare head," another half to the ad vertisement of the Board of Trade, and the remainder of the space to the fire. It Is beaded "The Great Calamity of the ♦Ag«." Some printers on the Evening Post rallied at a job printing office on the West Side and got out a Post for the emergency. The Tribune resumed pn Wednesday, the Mail Thursday, the Republican Sunday, and the Times Oct 18. The files of the Chicago Evening aournal were rescued by Mr. Frank Gil bert, then associate editor of that pa per. Being the oldest newspaper in C he city, its files go back further, and re more valuable than any other. Mr. Gilbert says: "Hurrying to the Jour pal office the first thing attempted was *o close the iron shutters. The build ing stood on Dearborn street, directly O pposite the Tremont House. 'Could hose iron shutters In the rear and on t ? «sir n RUINS OF THE TRIBUNE BUILDING. the side alley be closed, the building •night be saved,' I reasoned. But they |ulu not been shut for years, and the binges of some broke off and let the shutters down. Seeing the futility of trying to save the building, I set about ■avlng the office books and files. The Brst thing was to go to such open-all night places near by as were likely to nave any of the printers that I knew, and I knew every jovial compositor In those days. We soon rallied quite a force, from six to ten, I should say. Across the street was a livery stable. (We went over there and helped our Relves to buggies and a crowbar. To take out the office books and papers not In the safe and then roll the safe to the sidewalk was a short job. The next thing was to bring down the flies. By that time the fire lighted the adltorial room, back of which the flies IWere kept, and vre had no trouble In Iflndlng our way, but It took a good mhile to get them all down. My orders (were to pile them Into buggies and take them on the North Side. "I was the last to leave the building, no as to be sure that every file was taken, and started north with the last buggy. By the time we reached the Rush street bridge I saw that It was a mistake to go north, or, rather, 1 met a friend, Frank Boutwell. He was Just crossing from the North Side, and with kn enthusiasm which carried convlc jtton, declared that the whole North Bide was going to h-1. We wheeled nbout and went up Michigan avenue, fir. Charles L. Wilson, editor and pro prietor of the Journal, lived just above 12th street, on Michigan, and that last batch of flies was soon in his personal custody. Those who went north cross ed west on Chicago avenue, and then By a long detour got to 18th street bridge, thence to Michigan, and Anally (to Mr. Wilson's residence. "When the storm struck the offices pt the newspapers that night, they were Rosy hives. The city editor and his re porters rose to the emergency. Super numerary reporters were called in and given orders in quick, nervous tones, JThey sped away and reaped a harvest M horrors much more quickly than they Mad thon for the garnering « t the editor. That garnering never hap pened in the Times office, for the force was driven away by the flames before the grand report was commenced. At the Tribune it was otherwise. That paper rejoiced in a 'fire-proof' building, and Sam Medll, city editor, was deter mined to have a seven-column descrip tion of the grand fire In the morning whether there was any town left to read it or not So he mapped out the 'magnum opus' of the year. One after another of the reporters came in with out the usual jocularity, took their places in the local room in the top story and commenced their desperate task. One or two were set to watch from the roof the progress of the de vastation. Walls were toppling around them, flames mounting above them, the ground shaking like an earthquake be neath them, the red fire glaring in at the windows and crackling, hissing and roaring in their ears, but still they wrote on. The buildings at the north across the street were all mowed down' like grass, and still they wrote on. The 'fire-proof postofflee went, and still they wrote on. The limit was reached at last—of time, not of matter—and the brave compositors had placed the record In type by the light of the In candescent atmosphere, for the gas had ceased to flow through the jets. In that lurid light, and in the two-fold heat of the fire, without the building and the fire within their own breasts, these artisans completed their last 'take' and consigned their 'turtles' to the pressmen far below. These fel lows alone proved unequal to the emer gency; and pleading a lack of water for steam to run their engines (which may have been true), they fled, leaving the forms upon the large press, and the candles, suddenly obtained, glim mered uselessly." When John Law Boomed It. A milliner happened to come to Paris about a lawsuit. She was successful and invested the proceeds In specula tion, and she amassed In a few months a sum which, converted into our cur rency, represents nearly £5,000,000. No class of the community escaped the In fection. Two of the ablest scholars in France are reported to have deplored the madness of the times at one Inter view, only to And themselves at their next meeting bidding for shares with the greatest excitement The scene of operations was a narrow street called Quincampolx, and the demand for ac commodation may be Judged from the fact that a house which before yielded about £40 a year now brought In more than £800 a month. A cobbler made about £10 a day by letting out a few chairs In bis stall, and a hunchback, who is celebrated In the prints of the time, acquired In a few days more than £7,000 by letting out his hump to the street brokers as a writing desk—From Prof. Nicholson's Money and Monetary Problems. Loa Angeles* Sewsge. Although Los Angeles has a sea out let for Its sewers, its method of dis posing of sewage may be suggestive to Inland communities troubled with the sewerage problem. The California city sells Its sewage, getting a respec table Income thereby. At present it Is furnishing fertility to 4,000 acres at an annual profit of about $4,500. The "lay" of the land facilitates this dis posal of sewage, as It can all be dis tributed by gravity, and three times the area now supplied can be Irrigated as the supply of sewage Increases with the city's growth. Results have demon strated that the fertilising material In the sewage Is an Important Item. Ex hausted grounds thus treated product bounteous crops yearly, and the farm ers having Irrigation contracts with the city have no fear ef droughts. The soil seems to gain more from the sew age than is taken from it in the crops, and there Is no need of following the rules of rotation In planting.— Now York Evening Foot Ton can't invent anything so silly that it won't go with some people. It Is pitiful to see nay eao cry, A sUly woman who este» tor BRIGHT LIGHT «HED ON EGOS. How the Experts Determine and Then I Classify Their Qualit.. ' "Egg candling is a difficult trade. In It the closest attention is required with sharp eyes, for several graues are made, and the difference between one grnde and another in looks at least is not observable except to the expert who is intent on his work." This is tlie statement of Lincoln Mar tin, foreman of egg candlers in a big Chicago commission house. He Is cred ited with having n thorough knowledge of this trade, as Indeed he should have, as he has worked at it steadily for twenty-five years, and has been with his present employers for ten years. Under him are twelve other candlers hired by the day, at $2.50 a day, and be sides a number of flyers, men who work when and where they can get a Job. They get less money than do the regu lars. A swift regular will inspect 600 or 700 eggs daily, or from fifty to sixty cases, and receive his $2.50, whereas the flyer is paid but from $1.20 to $1.50 for the sa me amount of work. All the EGO CANDLERS AT WOUK. regulars are undoubted experts, or all should be so. There are in Chicago over 300 candlers of both descriptions, but the greatest number are regulars. The candler sits on a high stool In front of either an electric or a gas light, which Is two-thirds inclosed in dark metal, for the best effect The light Is thrown out as from a policeman's lantern. On one side of the candler, within easy reach, fs a case full of eggs, and on the other side of him are empty cases. He deftly picks up two eggs at a time, and, presto! change! between the thumb and forefinger of each hand is now an e^g held near the light—it is uot still the twentieth part of a second, but constantly turning round and round, sideways and end over end, for a few seconds. Every bit of the oval surface has been seen and the exact state of the contents of the shell is as certained. It is softly laid in a case marked high grade, or in one marked second, third or fourth grade, according to its quality. . A perfect, fresh egg answers for It* self in a yellow glow, the shell is full, the yolk in the middle place and the white nearly transparent. Each of the lower grades is marked by one of sev eral variously induced defects. One çgg that otherwise looks all right is shrunken at the small end. There is an air chamber where, before the egg was too old, was clear "meut." Let this go Into the second grade. In another is a slight streak of red, as of blood, and though it is sound and sweet it has had too much warmth, and in a short time will begin to decay. Let this go into the third grade. In still another the yolk is seen to be breaking up and min gling with the' white substance, but no black spot has yet appeared in it—it is not bad, but soon will be bad, if^ be not quickly used—and so let it go into the third grade. An incompetent or careless inspector may mistake as to the quality of one or another of these eggs, but an expert never will. The "black spot" egg detects Itself, so to speak, but the "white rot" egg some times goes undetected in inattentive bands. This is an egg the white of which Is all rotten. It is not shrunken, and to the inexperienced looks perfect ly sound, but the candler gets no light through its density. *It Is very bad. When all of the meat of an egg la rot ten it is all black. Cracked eggs and eggs that are very small are discarded entirely for the present, but when the inspection is over for the day these are put in a re ceptacle marked "bakers' " and are sold at a low price. The country from which eggs come to the Chicago market includes a large part of the South and the entire old Northwest. Indeed the new Northwest makes some contributions, for eggs from Oregon and Washington have been received here. In the winter the current receipts of new eggs are from Texas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkan sas and Oklahoma. In the summer these States ship their surplus eggs to New Orleans. The Chicago supplies, in the spring and summer, come from Ne braska, Iowa. Kansas, Missouri, Indi ana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Min nesota and the two Dakotas. In minute parts of this great extent of country the collection of eggs is made, In large measure, by local mer chants. Goods are exchanged for them. What the local merchants do not get hucksters who make a business of gathering In farm produce pay money for. ONE MAN AND THREE DOGS. Aided by a Gun They Hold a Wealthy Corporation at Bay. There is an old recluse living on a little island on the flats of New Jersey, at the mouth of Newton creek, who would not give up the little shanty which be delights to call his home for perhaps any amount of money that I could be offered him. Nay, when an at tempt is made to take his iiltie property from him by force, as oue is now be ing made, this eccentric old man is will ing to defend his title to the estate, if necessary, at the cost of his life. In his determination to hold onio the little iu Siguihcaut estate he is being ably aid ed by three dogs and his trusty gun. Against the old man in the miniature war which is in progress are arrayed the minions of the law representing a great ship-building corporation with a capital of $50,606,600. Adolph James Hutchinson, the her mit, does not really own the little plot of ground, although it has been bis borne for upward of twenty years. It is in the center of the tract upon which the corporation proposes to erect its great ship-building plant. On the other hand, it is the old hermit's home. He has no title other than a squatter'» claim, but he is prepared to defend hi» rights with bis life. He stands at the door of his little hut when approached by strangers and demands that they shall stay at a distance of fifty yards ou the penalty of a shot from his gun. His three dogs stand ready to follow up the attack if the shot fails, so that he makes a rather formidable front. Eventually the old man must surrender to the corporation, but just how later esting he will make it for his opponeuts before he vacates the premises remains to be seen. During the seventy years that have passed over old Hutchinson's grizzled head he has seen stirring scenes enough to nerve him to meet the difficulties of his present position with equanimity. He shipped on a merchantman beforo the mast when but a youug man, and became engaged in trading In the East Indies. Eucounters with Malay pirates, adventures with the head-huuters of Borneo and three experiences in ship wrecks developed a contempt for dan gers. Five years' honorable service on an English man-of-war did not lessen his daring, and five years' campaigning during the civil war in this country hardened him to suffering. His mode of life since then has strengthened the effects of this early training, so that when he says he will greet any hostile visitor with a bullet It Is well to respect his word. This is the way the marshals feel. It Is for this reason that no at tempt has yet been made to force his doorway. The course that will likely commend itself to them will be to wait until he starts to the main land for pro visions,, as he must do at stated inter vals, and when he Is gone slip quietly toward his hut. taking chances on kill ing his dogs that he leaves behind on guard. When he first went to Cnmden twen ty years ago he was despondent and disappointed. He wanted to get away, •ft Jersey's warlike squatter. from human companionship. He went down to the marshes, and finding tha little Island secluded and little visited' he determined to make his place of abode there. He built of the rough driftwood that the waters of the Dela ware swept in to him the hut in which he lives, and which he Is determined not to give up, be the cost what it may. Twelve and a Fraction. The ruler of a small German state has discovered one way of warding off the dire calamity which must result from having thirteen sit at a table. A Berlin exchange is the authority for this statement His serene highness Is In the habit of giving little dinners and parties to which only the social select are called. At one of these exclusive affairs held lately the prince ordered a cover to be laid for Herr L., one of his cabinet council. Herr L. was a little late, and the rest of the guests had arrived, when he .pre sented himself at the door. A superstitious baroness exclaimed, as he entered, "Good gracious! There are thirteen of us!" "Calm yourself, my dear baroness," said his serene highness. "Herr L. is not one of us; he belongs to a burgher family." He Knew Her. A philanthropic lady of Pacific Heights, one of the sort of superior slum-raisers shown up in "Fables In Slang," met on one of her tours a lit tle boy who was swearing roundly over a game of marbles. She seized him at once and gave him a good shaking, adding: "You ought to be ashamed of yourself! I never heard such language since the day I was born!" The boy, Into whose desolate home she had just been bringing light, pulled himself loose. "Yes'm," be said, "I s'pose dere was a good deal o' cussln' de day you was born."—San Francisco Wave. If Opportunity knocks at every door, In most cases it Is with as timid a knock aa If there were a corpse la the house •e* « - SL. ■ i&sa WOMEN AND WORK. n T has been one of the cherished theories of the world that woman was never Intended to work. There have even been those who have not hesitated to. point out that when our first pareuts were driven out of Eden the curse) of work was directed solely against man. It was Adam who was ordered to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow. Nothing was said about the way in which Eve was to get hers, and so convinced have we become of the correctness of tills point of view that when, through force of circum stances, a woman is called upon to be come a bread-winner It is universally felt that she is an object of commisera tion. What tears we had to shed we have been called on to shed for the work ing woman. The woman behind the counter, nnd the woman before the cooking stove, the business woman and the house mother, have all come In for so much sympathy it lias made us over look the oue who. In reality, has the greatest claim upon our sympathy—the poor rich woman who has nothing to do. The time flies by for the working woman, whose hours are filled to the brim: tlie days are all too short for the duties and interest of the busy mother. They have tlie physical work that out ranks all the physical culture on earth In building up health. They have no time to grow morbid thinking of their souls or indigestions. They have that greatest tonic and incentive ever offer ed humanity—the knowledge tiint they nre of use, that they are wanted, thnt they are filling some niche, however small, in the great world. Sometimes we are disposed to make fun of the expedients by which the women with nothing to do fills in her time, but surely they are pathetic as well. * They are imitation Interests In stead of real, and down in her soul she knows them for the husks they are. We laugh at the foolish fads of women, nt the absurd societies, tlie inane clubs, where they go and read each other long-winded papers out of tlie encyclo pedia. the ridiculous reforms and idiot ic philanthropies. We should sigh rather than smile, if we remember tftener that those are nearly always the desperate devices of the women with nothing to do, trying to make work for themselves. The truth Is, that women, as well ns men, must have work if they would be happy, and no greater mistake is ever made than to class work as a curse.—New Orleans Picayune. To Doctor Cumin Women, An energetic English woman who has chosen medicine as a profession is Miss Ella Scarlett, who lias gone East to doctor tlie wives of the emperor of Co rea. For some four years the only doc tor in Corea has been a lady, Miss Cooke, who wns ap pointed medical ad rnnnn viser to the court. k Now she finds she A must have an as Ijllft *w|B sistnnt, and there 'H fore Miss Scarlett l )< JS3iP ap ® has gone to join her MISS SCARLETT. n * Seoul. Miss Scarlett, who Is the eldest daughter of the late Lord Ab lnger, has the greatest love for her pro fession. After five years of hard work she obtained her London degree, also the Brussels one, which entitles her to the gown she Is wearing in tlie photo graph produced. It is a black gown, with a pale blue lining and hood. Miss Scarlett does not expect her career in Corea to be all smooth saillug, for the Coreau women are only Just removed from actual savages. Stop Maklnjr Up Face«. Every woman can. If she will, culti vate the self-control that subdues the manifestation of feeling In frowns or exeesslve laughter. Poise of manner may be made merely the outward ex pression of poise of mind, and the many little worries of life can be rele gated to their proper places as trifles. True reposefulness Is not the absence of strength, but Its assured possession, says the Pittsburg Presrf. Mothers should be observant of any tendency In their growing children to undue facial distortion In speaking and gently re mind them of it until the habit Is cured. It Is difficult for the adult to dismiss a habit once formed, but It would lie wise for every young woman aud man to establish a close surveillance over their manner of using the muscles of the face In speaking. Many of them would be surprised to find that every sentence is a fresh grimace. Rend the Advertisement«. "I don't read advertisements!" said a bright, attractive girl the other day. "Oh, 1 glance at them, and lots of things I buy are well known, because, I suppose, they are advertised. But to deliberately look through all the ad vertisements In any paper or magazine —well, I haven't the time, for one thing." It was at a party of girls and mothers. The subject of dress and the comlug styles had been discussed, and a copy of a newspaper being before them, one of the pages containing ad vertisements had broqght up the sub ject, which led to the remark. "I never used to," one of the elderly ladles continued, "but I've become more and more Interested in advertise ments, until now I take almost as much Interest In the advertisements as I do In the reading matter. Do you know, girls, that the advertising pages to me seem like one of the great de partment stores, and Infinitely more In teresting. It's tiresome for me to look through the big stores when I go to town, and, although the clerks will answer questions, their business is to sell. But from the advertisements I get advance information of the new tilings of the day. It makes no differ ence whether It is a new lining, or dress goods, or a refrigerator, or gas range—I keep fully informed by the advertisements." Among tne "Boxers." Miss Bessie McCoy, an Illinois girl and a graduate of Lake Forest, Is one of the American missionaries in the dis trict threatened by the Chinese "box ers." She is station ed In Pekin, where she has charge of the children's work of the mission. Miss McCoy Is the daugh - ter of a retired mis If sionary, and she ' ' ' spent the first twelve miss m'coy. years of her life In China. Her command of the language was so good that six months after her arrival in the country she had a Sun day school class of 200. "3 Henlth, Ihen Education. What is a year of study or the loss of standing in the class compared to sound health? " asks a physician, writing in the Woman's Home Companion of "The Handicap of Ill-Health," aud further declares that "during the period of the child's growth the parent's authority should be supreme, aud the child's health should outweigh all other mat ters. When the child begins its studies a new factor is Introduced Into Its life. Nature takes on au additional burden, The mind is awakened, and the nerves begin an activity that must be kept within certain well-defined limits. Let the child show the first symptoms of nervous disorder or overstudy, and the duty of the parent suddenly overtops that of tlie instructor. There is only one safe course to pursue. The child should be taken from the school until the physical balance has been recov ered. It is better to let him grow up without a systematic education than to continue in his sickly course acquir ing all the accumulated wisdom of the ages. Selecting n Bonnet. It Is rather difficult as one grows old to choose a becoming bonnet. A safe rule to follow is to select a shape long enough nt the sides, rather than one of the little round French bonnets, charm ing with young faces, but Incongruous framing those on which time has set his mark deeply. There should be some trimming in front, but tlie general ef fect of the bonnet must be Ipw, unless tor a woman of middle age who still wears smart clothes and is socially much in evidence. For lier a smaller bonnet with an aigretteor stiff ornament nt the side is becoming, but It must al ways be worn with bonnet-strings—a necessity. Indeed, for all bonnets for older women.—Harper's Bazar. Vnlue of a Ynwn. I awning has never been considered good form in polite society, and how ever great the desire to relieve the feelings, one is very careful not to ynwn In public. Now a French physi cian sanctions the tabooed habit, says the Ladies' World. "Not only Is it healthful to yawn," he says, "but arti ficial yawning should be resorted to in case of sore throat, buzzing of the ears, catarrh and like trouble." It should be combined with gargling, and In Its way Is said to be quite as effica cious, but it would seem an heroic rem edy, for if there Is ever a time that a person would not want to yawn II would be when suffering with sots throat. A Real "Ilauehter, ** Another actual daughter of the rev» lutlon has Just been added to the St Louis chapter In the person of Mrs. Eliz abeth McClellen, of Springfield, Mo. She celebrated her nine ty - fourth birthday by becoming a member of the so ciety. Her father, Major Taliaferro, was a member of **•*»■ m'clellew. the Rogere-Clark expedition to th( West and Northwest. Won't Get Common. The owner of a gray foulard has the fond satisfaction of knowing this selec tion will stand her in good stead. It has the advantage of not getting common, as some other bright colors will un doubtedly do. The gray foulard It sprayed with white or powdered with little white stars or pellets or flowers. A pretty gray foulard Is sprinkled with white daisies with graceful long Btems, Another pattern has the daisies entirely stemless, arranged in a regular design. Cozy Corners. Leather cozy corners have rather s dubious sound, yet they are cozy, cony fortable and artistic; moreover, they are the newest thing in the decoratlvt line. The leather is buckskin, of th« softest finish and decorated with th« much favored pyrography. The natu ral color of the leather Is preferred foi all these effects, but may be varied bj a border In olive, maroon or other cob treating shades.