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MAN AND, WHI LIVE ON *1 A WEEK
RAILY MENU CT JUDGE ADD flMWilUAM COLE TALCOTT «■ VALPAAAUO. INDIANA. AT* or Sr BMAHrA» OATMEAL MUSH, WITH JUGAtt»-. MILK« O, MNNta T" UKICAVENE» uuham bread VITH AUCAA —MILK« nippen CORHMEAl HUSH WITM jugajl — milk« « r C. TALCOTT Htu 'tie t*n c °«v —D «hr «Bi et Met University of Chicago economists Who have figured that a man and his Wife cau live with great frugality on laooa year are distanced by the record of ex-Judge William Cole Talcot, of Valparaiso, Ind. That aged jurist has for several years lived with his wife at P total expense for both of them for food of not more than $1 a week, or $52 for the year. And in spite of this both are now in the best of health, declare that they never felt better nor could work better in their lives, and believe that they have solved the problem of , happiness and health in resorting to the plainest of plain living. Though • nearly 85 years old Judge Talcot works dally in a garden near his house or about the house itself, is never ill, and Is apparently as strong as most men who are not within a score of years of his age. And Mrs. Talcot, not quite ten years his junior, though snowy white of hair, has as fresili a color In her cheeks ns a girl of 15, and does every day all the housework about their home. Though the diet on which this is ac complished will appear to many people barren of everything that makes the table attractive, yet the two who have long made It their own declared that desire for other things quickly disnp peared when they resorted to it, and that they neither want nor need addi tions to it. The rule of their table pro vides in general that their meals shall consist chiefly of cereal products witli milk and sugar. They eat generally for breakfast oatmeal mush and milk •lid sugar. For dinner bread and milk and sugar, and for supper corumeal mush and sugar. They vary this •lightly from time to time with other cereal foods, and when they feel a taste for it add a bit of meat, for neith er is a strict vegetarian. For two-thirds of a century William Cole Talcot has been known as a lead er In social reforms In Northern In diana. He came from the East In 1835 on an excursion trip around the great lakes on one of the earliest steamers. The vessel ran up to the Sault Ste. Marie, then to the midst of the great Northwestern wilderness. From there It went Into Green Bay, and its pas sengers belield along the shores of that beautiful water the virgin forest, in Which lived Indians almost unacquaint ed with white men, save as they met URBANITY A PAYING QUALITY. Instances in Which Courteous Men Have Found Politeness Profitable. Many years ago the late Ur. suippen, of Philadelphia, left bis house In early morning aud was hurrying down the street when he noticed a singular aud ferocious-looking man, whose gaze was fastened upou him. With instinctive politeness and bouhommie he smiled, raised his hat and passed on, when sud denly he heard a shot. Turning he found that the stranger had Just left his home with the Insane Intention of killing the first man he met. He was the first man; but his absolute fearless ness aud constitutional as well os culti vated courtesy had put the man off his guard, and the next passer-by had caught the bullet Intended for him. That smile and bow had saved his life. When the country was a century younger aud the Indian was yet in the land, a gentleman upon the then fron tier was hunting with friends, got sep arated from them, and completely lost his way. Every effort to retrieve his •teps led him still further Into the wil derness, and night overtook him in a dense forest. Overcome with fatigue, he lay down under a tree and slept pro foundly. In the morning he awoke with a start, with that Indescribable feeling that some one was looking at him, and, glancing up, he saw that he was surrounded by hostile Indians, and that the leader of the band. In war paint and feathers, was bending over him In no amiable mood. He took in the situation at a glance— knew his immediate danger, and had no means of averting It; neither did he understand a word of their language. But he was self-possessed, knew the universal language of nature, and be lieved that even under the war paint and feathers "a man's a man for a' that." He fixed his clear, bold eye up on the Indian, and—smiled! Gradually the fierceness passed away from the eye above him, and at last an answer ing smile came over the face. Both were men—both were brothers—and he was saved! The savage took him under his protection, brought him to his wig wam, and after a few days restored him to his friends. Courage, self-com mand, and tact had gained the day.— Llpplncott's Magazine. Instinct of Cat«. The Instinct of animals In the mat ter of self-preservation is curiously il lustrated, says the New Orleans TUnas-Democrat, by the fact that aev AT DINNER* m the descendants of the early French pioneers or the few Americans who had penetrated thus far Into the wilderness for furs. Out through Death's Door they came, and up the lake to Chicago, and from this straggling hamlet across the lake to Michigan City. There where a great city was expected to grow Judge Talcot left the boat and soon after settled In St. Joseph County. He has lived In that vicinity nearly ever since, and mo9t of the tftne at Valparaiso. Even In his youth he was a thinker along original lines. Having when boy been given a scholarship in college by a church educational society, he be came convinced during his freshman year that the creed of the church which was supporting him was narrow and was founded on myths and traditions. He therefore resigned the scholarship and proceeded to study by himself. After he came to Indiana the Brook Farm communistic experiment was made and co-operation and socialistic colonies became much talked about. The young Talcot took the lead in Northern Indiana—in which there were scattered farming settlements and small towns—and in 1844 started the Philadelphia Industrial Association. Land was secured near South Bend, about two miles from the original town site, on the river, and a house and oth er buildings put up. There were nine families of seventy persons in the com munity, numbering cobblers, carpen ters, farmers and men of other trades, and the plan was strictly a Common wealth. All went well for a time. The land, however, had been secured from two different parties, who wore at swords' points, and the troubles be tween these two soon destroyed any no tion of "brotherly love" in the Philadel phie community. A big common house had been built for a starter, having a separate entrance and room for each eral dozen cats found refuge during the Ottawa fire in a wooden house which, although the buildings on each side were burning down, refused to catch fire and remained intact. Cats have a peculiar gift in this direction, since, in addition to their reputed nine lives, there is a popular superstition that they wiU only eat what is good for them. This may or may not be a fallacy, but the instinct of self-preservation, which is common to all animals, ex cept, perhaps, horses (who, being very bags of nerves, will during a fire be have with suicidal obstinacy), has been proved time and again. The rats which, in practice as well as In theory, desert the ship which is no longer sea worthy, are a notable example of it; and there are many animal lovers who would not consider It any way extrav agant to suggest that the quacking of the geese in the capitol was due to a knowledge on their part of the facts that the entry of the enemy would mean the cutting of their throats, while the rousing of the Romans would earn them a debt of gratitude and per sonal immunity from the poulterer's shop windows. Was Just Com non Lying. "The cunning o£ the Chinese has been very much exaggerated," said a former sea captain in conversation the other day. "I will never forget my own experience. We had arranged with a prominent Chinese merchant of Hong-Kong for a quantity of tea, but at the last minute there was a hitch about the delivery of the consignment. He told me it had been temporarily tied up by the officials on account of some misunderstanding about the in ternal taxes. I discovered by accident later on that the lot had been sold over my head to a chance customer and the tax story was a mere pretext a , to gain time for the substitution of an inferior grade. "The tea merchant was a sedate, courtly old gentleman and he had told me the outrageous lie with perfect calmness, looking me squarely in the face, without a quiver. It never oc curred to me to doubt his word and but for chance we would have been heavy losers. When I exposed him Indignantly before all fcls employes and several foreign residents I supposed he would be ashamed and disconcert ed. An American of his standing would have been humiliated and crushed l*e a Tamily and a common dining-room In the center, and there were outbuildings and plans for larger houses, but after two and a half years of exis>tence the colony finally disbanded. After that Mr. Talcot was elected Judge of the Court of Common fleas, with jurisdiction over six countlA He held this office fifteen years. He had been before this owner and editor of the local paper—the Valparaiso Vidette —and after resigning from the bench . 8 am,o. t «.r,^îu'p,P.ÏÏnr c °ï ducted It for thirty years. In the early years he found It necessary often to set and print as well as write the paper Having been thus in the public eye for three score years, Judge Talcot has come to have great influence among the people of Porter County. He has kept to his free thought, and is now leader in the Dr. Thomas branch of the Peo ple's Church in that city. Judge Talcot is as keen in putting forth his reform ideas to-day as at any time In his earlier life, and in them he has the un qualified support of his wife. The lat ter was for many years a teacher of wnm 0 »,bl f !„ the "Coll«.»,. Ins« .SM T, W lf e JThere „re two things for people to Mrs Talcm PP "Thet I n * T y mu , st live plainly and they must sleep at night Instead of In a Hvro e f ay , time - , Early t0 ^ and RvbiV?« « , 8 >, a W r m0tt0 8nd plain to living is another. In our opinion an in expenditure of $300 a year for two peo pie would be great extravagance. To , la K«™ , we have milk- wn t £ „17 * vr° 7 y , 8 ? d son but even if we hni fh Mr +J. a COtS 3 ' onv for we JLm i thlngs to «300 ™ we ? i "î ed ° Spend , t l 'follow o °i n0t ourselves. nin.J J 8 Wise .T ed by ,lvlns onrailroad" ^ ^ h ° me ° F When P yond measure. I have known men to commit suicide for less disgrace, but he never so much as blinked. He heard me through blandly, made no comment and began to talk about something else. He had told a lie, was caught and regarded the episode as closed." An Odorless Qnion. The latest product of scientific propa gation is the odorless onion. Just how an onion can be odorless and still re main an onion is not explained. To most people the odor Is all there is of an onion and that Is enough. The elim ination of the characteristic feature of a vegetable of such long and stron- the — t to « " zrÄtÄÄ of tratlng scent which goes with it, can hardly be an onion. The palate which loves onions will not recognize it; call- lng ing a whitened, Innocuous, insipid, his Plated bulb an onion will not make ii ' by No true lover of onions will hail this ever new invasion of science. He eats his onion at dead of night, in silence and ties i" . 6 - " e , reJoice8 in aa <l sleeps upon lt. The incense of his praise fills the room and soothes him to delicious sleep. He rises In the morning after 1. liis sacrifice to pass the day in purifica- ' tion, to see no one till the snn hath sunk with Indigestible substances, its flx rudiment vegetable can command such tbe , . ------------ . devotion from its votaries. It is a lux ""' 1 " ----.....and so ury and a worship. Shall he yield all this delight for an odorless bulb? Let others do as they will, he will not. An onion without its odor would be asham ed of itself—Milwaukee Journal. A Chinese Typewriter. The Rev. Sheffield, a Presbyterian minister at Tung Chow, has invented a typewriter for the Chinese language. This machine is capable of writing 4,000 characters, which are carried around the circumference of numer ous type-wheels. It requires the de pression of two keys In order to print a simple character. its In 1,000 feed them A Northern Lighthouse. The most northern lighthouse in Great Britain, the northwest tower on the coast of Shetland, Is built on a rock 200 feet high, the summit of which barely affords room for the necessary buildings per If hi hag A CL EVER T RICK. How to Make a Ball Ont of a Han« kerchief. It !s not very generally known how a ball can be in a few minutes extern* perised out of an ordinary handker chief. The trick is, however, well worth knowing, inasmuch as we can therewith perplex our friends as to how it was done, as also submit the result to them as a puzle, it being diffi cult or (if it has been thoroughly done) impossible to undo it except by one particular method. As the first part of the process fold your handkerchief as in Fig. 1; next fold the points A, B, C, D, Inwards 5x« pro. L again to the center, and continue this , -----. "J 0 "?. 88 1118 po8sIble: Anally , tbe handkerchief thus folded In ln ti e f keeping down the folds thumb. of , .T * he thumb and forefinger e ® band pluck at the skin of 18 ro . y ° a have now made till you .„* ) f rate . skin from the con-. nr ,j 8 . an dra ^ the skin towards you t° wards tbe center, as shown In pas h' n S «»e contents away from pinnwiT thu ™ b of the left hand, e skfn af * ain a * a P°' n t a little „„ , ® r away *rom you than at first, nd agaln d [ aw the skin and push the «"■ I-' left hand tin thf ^ 1® . d ' tlll the handkerchief begins t0 f ° rm 8 8 ° rt ° f whirlpool, in which Pro. 2. S, , t „ mb of „ J*r hy making each successive plucking Zugh of S^ÏSfîrawlÎTÎS £ Flght h8Dd 8nd the P usbIn S with the , l8f t must be in the same directions ae 1 before I » win be necessary also at Interval. 1 to knead It a little between the hand 1 in order to equally distribute the con- ! tents throughout the ball. ! m Continuing In this manner yon will flnally arrlve at a very hard ball, Fig. 3 ' Wlth ,ts skin quite tlght and ,ta wr,nl *le8 «11 firmly fixed In the little center of the wblrl P<*>l. It now ought to be impossible to und0 11 a *ain except by reversing the P roce8s — tb at Is, by plucking the skin fig. 3. j I j ! awav from th* -r:— ?rom youTnield^^of towards the Æ , of towards you with SÄ" Ä - Ä "-t "j ,cn -" d - same way; and I have heard a story of a visitor at an hotel who, conslder lng himself badly treated rolled un all his bedclothes before his' departure - by way of revenge The result hn? ever falsified his^xnectations for »ÎT» landlord, by displaying these' curios! ties and charging a small sum on each attempt to undo them, realized a small fortune on the transaction» i __ * j Musical Wheel. i Tb ® "H Trovatore" wheel, made In Germany, has a musical contrivance flx eff to the handle bar and worked by tbe front wheel, and plays over 500 . _ , . — ^nes. It can he stopped by a spring set on again for half an hour and so on, ad Infinitum, until the machine wears out. Has a Temple of Serpents. The small town of Werda, In the ! kingdom of Dahomey, Is celebrated for its temple of serpents, a long building, 1 In which the priests keep upward of 1,000 serpents of all sizes, which they 1 feed with birds and frogs brought to them as offerings by the natives. Population. I Since 1842 the population of England, i Scotland and Wales has increased 75 . . , per cent., while Ireland shows a de crease of nearly 45 per cent. ~~TT"———"—— The World s Sheep. f eP D J^ ,d estimat ed to amount to 5a0,000 ,000. ; If a thoughtful man is frank with hi m a c If when thinking of the past, 1» hag great charity for young foola. I - - --------'■__________ the one HOW TO TALK INTERESTINGLY. S NTERTAINING conversation is JBn not alone dependent upon a well f ^ stored mind, a ready wit or broad culture," writes Mrs. Burton Klngsland in the Ladies' Home Journal. "It lays under contribution qualities of heart as well^s head, and should reveal sin* eerity, sympathy and simplicity. We must feel an Interest in our subject be fore we can inspire it, and enthusiasm is contagious when it Is sincere. It gives animation to the face, vivacity to the manner, and has a thought-com pelling power that aids fluency of ex pression. Sympathy and adaptability are created in a measure by the desire to please, but one must be sensitive to the mood of one's audience and quick to perceive when someone else wishes to speak. There are talkers who meta phorically take the bit between their teeth and run away with a subject. W hen they finally cease no one has anything to say, despairing of oppor tunity. Without simplicity no conver -----. satlon has charm. The moment we perceive that it is labored, or that the In speaker seems to calculate the effect of his words, If unnecessary mention Is made of desirable acquaintances or there is a display of attainments or of j mock-innocent vaunting of advantages ■ —that moment do we feel only con tempt for the affectation and pretense. Truth has a marvelous power of mak In lng Itself felt, in spite of what is said, Self-consciousness is but egotism un der a less severe name, and self must be forgotten before we can add to our speech the grace and dignity of sim pllcity." , 1 I 1 1 ! ! Thinks Famous Artist Is Her Brother. Samuel Landeau's sister, who, with her mother, has been searching for him for years, believes he Is the Paris paint er who "arried a New York heiress, They left Cincinnati years ago. and mother and sister, in reduced circum stances, fear the wealthy artist may not recognize them, The Plain Bister. There is one type of true-hearted, un selfish woman whom the world does not know how to appreciate at her full value. She is the plain sister in a fam ily of pretty daughters. The fact that she Is not a beauty is regarded by the handsome mother as a personal griev ance and by the better-looking sisters as an excuse for palming off on to her j slender shoulders all the disagreeable I burdens that they think are not neces sary for butterflies to assume, j Instead of being given the best in the way of clothing, In order that any ! actually unpleasant physical defects may be hidden thereby, the ugly duck lln » ,s obliged to take the cast-off gar T" 18 ° f the fayored ones and wear thpm wheth er they wear are becoming or not. When invitations come and the «ex chequer Is rather slim the plain ob« re mains at home. She is always expect ed to perform the services of maid, to be ever ready to wait on the others, pre P aril l f? ' he « oodle8 when company Is f^cted. but never requested to Join ? the J e8tlyltie8 sh % has 8lay ed so hard to make 8 8ucce88 - Sometimes a seust ble man rec ognizes the worth of this youthful martyr and hears lier away 1° 8 " eW ho " e before the prettier ones ^7 T°T fr ° m »he r astonishment i at havlng been overlooked, but in too j many cases the genuine beauty of char i acter lies hidden and unrecognized be hind the flaunting, ever-winning pres ence of beauty of face and form, New Patriotic Society. Mrs. Agnes Korndoerfer, of Phlladel phla> ha8 organized another association In connection with the G. A. R. It Is Jt ! 1 1 to be composed entirely of women. The new association will take In those women who, dur ing the Civil War, were either too young to go to -the front as nursqs or had no male rela tives in the Northern army, but who aided -if---n' e Hn" y 8 , l n? 1 Ue i >y K Pre ' Mr8, Korndoefer. , Sand ban ' 8oldiera nr fiV soldiers, or by taking food or flowers to the various hospitals. __ Wretched Existence. Chinese women cannot road; they *"«" roulas of what is going on th# world( and as ft consequence they have no general topics of conversation. When visiting one another they chatter constantly of money, the principal god of their race. "What did that cost?" It is It to to Is "now much Is it worth?? and "Hem much money did she pay for this?" are ever-recurring questions. Among the lower classes the women lead a life Indescribably wretched. Their homes are either filthy house boats or miserable hovels on land. No attempt at cleanliness or sanitary con ditions Is made, and ten persons are crowded Into the space which on« should have. The results can better ba Imagined than described. Underfed and overworked, the womenf are slave« to the men. The head of the housa works in the fields or acts as coolie, and when he fails to earn his four or five cents a day the women have starvation added to blows and kicks.—Chicago News. America Good Enonsh. Mrs. John Bell, who with her bos band spent three years as a Methodist missionary among the tribes of the Sierra Leone colony, on the western coast of Africa, and who lived to return snd tell about It, will foe the future remain in America. She saya that besides being In mbs. j. bell constant danger fron» man-eating p e o p 1 e^ they were In danger from beasts of th« forest, leopards frequently visiting their house and poisonous snakes com 4 lng to the door. Mrs. Bell herself step« ped on a boa constrictor one evening as she was going out of the honsa. Counted the Stitches. In the early part of the century aa old maiden lady, who probably had no great faith In the gratitude of mankind, kept an elaborate account of the num ber of stitches she put into hand-made shirt, and the sum total is certainly astonishing: Stitching the collar, four rows.... 8,000 Sewing the ends................. fiOQ Buttonholes and sewing on buttons ISO Sewing on collar and gathering neck 1 , 20 « Stitching waistbands ........... 1,228 Sewing the ends............... . ' qg Buttonholes .............._ Hemming the slits......!!!!!!!!! 264 Gathering the sleeves........ g 4 Q Setting on waistbands........... 458 Stitching shoulder straps, three rows each.................... j 880 Hemming the neck.............. 390 Sewing the sleeves.............. 2 554 Setting sleeves and gussets....... 3JÎ50 Taping the sleeves............. 1528 Sewing the seams.............. 848 Setting side gussets............. 424 Hemming the bottom...........' 1,104 Total number of stitches......20,646 Cordiality a Heart Winner. There is hardly anything—In fact, I honestly believe there Is nothing—thai can take the place of cordiality in th® home so far as the pleasure of guests Is concerned. Fittings and furnishings may be elegant, the carpets upon which, you tread may have been designed and woven by the most skilled hands in all the world, and the paintings that hnug on the walls be genuine old masters, and yet if in the midst of all this beau ty and elegance you are not met with a cordial smile and hand-clasp, you are conscious of something lacking, and tha voice must sound cordially. Words alone, no mater how well chosen, are empty unless there Is a true ring In tha voice. Therefore, cultivate a cordial voice If you care to win a little place In the hearts of those you dally ineeL-» Baltimore Herald. Shot a Burglar. The Atlantic City colony Is loudly congratulating Miss Lorena Adams fog her heroic defense of her home. It was entered by a negro burglar, Into whom she sent a bullet Miss Adams was dreaming peacefully when she felt a hand un der her head. She did not scream, but felt for her pistol, • LORENA AnAM s. and says she was not a bit afraid. Care of Shoea. Don't wear a shoe so large that lt slipa at the heel. Don't wear a shoe with a sole narrow er than the outline of the foot traced with a pencil drawn close under tha rounding edge. Don't wear the top of a boot tight, as It interferes with the action of the calf muscles, makes one walk awkwardly and causes the ankle to swell. Don't fall to wipe shoes with soft dressing at least once a week. Don't wear a shoe that has com menced to run over. Have the heel straightened at once and finished on the worn edge with a row of tiny nails. Don't economize on footwear; a good shoe is a cheap shoe. The Engaged Man's Gifts. There is nothing that pleases the en gaged man more than to shower gift* upon the woman he hopes to marry, bud very often It happens that he spends a great deal of money and anxloua thought over the purchases, and often falls to get what Is most suitable og wished for. The engagement ring proper is one of these innocent pitfalla and lt would be far wiser to get a Uttld instruction on that momentous subject before buying it; if not from bis fiance« herself, why, then, from some obliging sister or cousin or annt in her denes,—Philadelphia Inquire?.