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The Western news. (Stevensville, Mont.) 1890-1977, October 17, 1900, Image 7

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UKICAVENE» uuham bread
jugajl — milk«
« r
c °«v
University of Chicago economists
Who have figured that a man and his
Wife cau live with great frugality on
laooa year are distanced by the record
of ex-Judge William Cole Talcot, of
Valparaiso, Ind. That aged jurist has
for several years lived with his wife at
P total expense for both of them for
food of not more than $1 a week, or $52
for the year. And in spite of this both
are now in the best of health, declare
that they never felt better nor could
work better in their lives, and believe
that they have solved the problem of
, happiness and health in resorting to
the plainest of plain living. Though
• nearly 85 years old Judge Talcot works
dally in a garden near his house or
about the house itself, is never ill, and
Is apparently as strong as most men
who are not within a score of years of
his age. And Mrs. Talcot, not quite
ten years his junior, though snowy
white of hair, has as fresili a color In
her cheeks ns a girl of 15, and does
every day all the housework about
their home.
Though the diet on which this is ac
complished will appear to many people
barren of everything that makes the
table attractive, yet the two who have
long made It their own declared that
desire for other things quickly disnp
peared when they resorted to it, and
that they neither want nor need addi
tions to it. The rule of their table pro
vides in general that their meals shall
consist chiefly of cereal products witli
milk and sugar. They eat generally
for breakfast oatmeal mush and milk
•lid sugar. For dinner bread and milk
and sugar, and for supper corumeal
mush and sugar. They vary this
•lightly from time to time with other
cereal foods, and when they feel a
taste for it add a bit of meat, for neith
er is a strict vegetarian.
For two-thirds of a century William
Cole Talcot has been known as a lead
er In social reforms In Northern In
diana. He came from the East In 1835
on an excursion trip around the great
lakes on one of the earliest steamers.
The vessel ran up to the Sault Ste.
Marie, then to the midst of the great
Northwestern wilderness. From there
It went Into Green Bay, and its pas
sengers belield along the shores of that
beautiful water the virgin forest, in
Which lived Indians almost unacquaint
ed with white men, save as they met
Instances in Which Courteous Men
Have Found Politeness Profitable.
Many years ago the late Ur. suippen,
of Philadelphia, left bis house In early
morning aud was hurrying down the
street when he noticed a singular aud
ferocious-looking man, whose gaze was
fastened upou him. With instinctive
politeness and bouhommie he smiled,
raised his hat and passed on, when sud
denly he heard a shot. Turning he
found that the stranger had Just left
his home with the Insane Intention of
killing the first man he met. He was
the first man; but his absolute fearless
ness aud constitutional as well os culti
vated courtesy had put the man off his
guard, and the next passer-by had
caught the bullet Intended for him.
That smile and bow had saved his life.
When the country was a century
younger aud the Indian was yet in the
land, a gentleman upon the then fron
tier was hunting with friends, got sep
arated from them, and completely lost
his way. Every effort to retrieve his
•teps led him still further Into the wil
derness, and night overtook him in a
dense forest. Overcome with fatigue,
he lay down under a tree and slept pro
foundly. In the morning he awoke
with a start, with that Indescribable
feeling that some one was looking at
him, and, glancing up, he saw that he
was surrounded by hostile Indians, and
that the leader of the band. In war paint
and feathers, was bending over him In
no amiable mood.
He took in the situation at a glance—
knew his immediate danger, and had
no means of averting It; neither did he
understand a word of their language.
But he was self-possessed, knew the
universal language of nature, and be
lieved that even under the war paint
and feathers "a man's a man for a'
that." He fixed his clear, bold eye up
on the Indian, and—smiled! Gradually
the fierceness passed away from the
eye above him, and at last an answer
ing smile came over the face. Both
were men—both were brothers—and he
was saved! The savage took him under
his protection, brought him to his wig
wam, and after a few days restored
him to his friends. Courage, self-com
mand, and tact had gained the day.—
Llpplncott's Magazine.
Instinct of Cat«.
The Instinct of animals In the mat
ter of self-preservation is curiously il
lustrated, says the New Orleans
TUnas-Democrat, by the fact that aev
the descendants of the early French
pioneers or the few Americans who had
penetrated thus far Into the wilderness
for furs. Out through Death's Door
they came, and up the lake to Chicago,
and from this straggling hamlet across
the lake to Michigan City. There
where a great city was expected to
grow Judge Talcot left the boat and
soon after settled In St. Joseph County.
He has lived In that vicinity nearly
ever since, and mo9t of the tftne at
Even In his youth he was a thinker
along original lines. Having when
boy been given a scholarship in college
by a church educational society, he be
came convinced during his freshman
year that the creed of the church which
was supporting him was narrow and
was founded on myths and traditions.
He therefore resigned the scholarship
and proceeded to study by himself.
After he came to Indiana the Brook
Farm communistic experiment was
made and co-operation and socialistic
colonies became much talked about.
The young Talcot took the lead in
Northern Indiana—in which there were
scattered farming settlements and
small towns—and in 1844 started the
Philadelphia Industrial Association.
Land was secured near South Bend,
about two miles from the original town
site, on the river, and a house and oth
er buildings put up. There were nine
families of seventy persons in the com
munity, numbering cobblers, carpen
ters, farmers and men of other trades,
and the plan was strictly a Common
wealth. All went well for a time. The
land, however, had been secured from
two different parties, who wore at
swords' points, and the troubles be
tween these two soon destroyed any no
tion of "brotherly love" in the Philadel
phie community. A big common house
had been built for a starter, having a
separate entrance and room for each
eral dozen cats found refuge during
the Ottawa fire in a wooden house
which, although the buildings on each
side were burning down, refused to
catch fire and remained intact. Cats
have a peculiar gift in this direction,
since, in addition to their reputed nine
lives, there is a popular superstition
that they wiU only eat what is good
for them.
This may or may not be a fallacy,
but the instinct of self-preservation,
which is common to all animals, ex
cept, perhaps, horses (who, being very
bags of nerves, will during a fire be
have with suicidal obstinacy), has
been proved time and again. The rats
which, in practice as well as In theory,
desert the ship which is no longer sea
worthy, are a notable example of it;
and there are many animal lovers who
would not consider It any way extrav
agant to suggest that the quacking of
the geese in the capitol was due to a
knowledge on their part of the facts
that the entry of the enemy would
mean the cutting of their throats,
while the rousing of the Romans would
earn them a debt of gratitude and per
sonal immunity from the poulterer's
shop windows.
Was Just Com non Lying.
"The cunning o£ the Chinese has
been very much exaggerated," said a
former sea captain in conversation the
other day. "I will never forget my
own experience. We had arranged
with a prominent Chinese merchant of
Hong-Kong for a quantity of tea, but
at the last minute there was a hitch
about the delivery of the consignment.
He told me it had been temporarily
tied up by the officials on account of
some misunderstanding about the in
ternal taxes. I discovered by accident
later on that the lot had been sold
over my head to a chance customer
and the tax story was a mere pretext
to gain time for the substitution of an
inferior grade.
"The tea merchant was a sedate,
courtly old gentleman and he had told
me the outrageous lie with perfect
calmness, looking me squarely in the
face, without a quiver. It never oc
curred to me to doubt his word and
but for chance we would have been
heavy losers. When I exposed him
Indignantly before all fcls employes and
several foreign residents I supposed
he would be ashamed and disconcert
ed. An American of his standing would
have been humiliated and crushed l*e
Tamily and a common dining-room In
the center, and there were outbuildings
and plans for larger houses, but after
two and a half years of exis>tence the
colony finally disbanded.
After that Mr. Talcot was elected
Judge of the Court of Common fleas,
with jurisdiction over six countlA He
held this office fifteen years. He had
been before this owner and editor of
the local paper—the Valparaiso Vidette
—and after resigning from the bench
. 8 am,o. t «.r,^îu'p,P.ÏÏnr c °ï
ducted It for thirty years. In the early
years he found It necessary often to
set and print as well as write the paper
Having been thus in the public eye
for three score years, Judge Talcot has
come to have great influence among the
people of Porter County. He has kept
to his free thought, and is now leader
in the Dr. Thomas branch of the Peo
ple's Church in that city. Judge Talcot
is as keen in putting forth his reform
ideas to-day as at any time In his
earlier life, and in them he has the un
qualified support of his wife. The lat
ter was for many years a teacher of
wnm 0 »,bl f !„ the "Coll«.»,. Ins«
.SM T,
W lf e
JThere „re two things for people to
Mrs Talcm PP "Thet I
n * T y mu , st live plainly
and they must sleep at night Instead of
In a Hvro e f ay , time - , Early t0 ^ and
RvbiV?« « , 8 >, a W r m0tt0 8nd plain to
living is another. In our opinion an in
expenditure of $300 a year for two peo
pie would be great extravagance. To
, la K«™ ,
we have milk- wn t £ „17 * vr° 7 y , 8 ? d
son but even if we hni fh Mr +J. a COtS 3 '
onv for we JLm i thlngs to
«300 ™ we ? i "î ed ° Spend
, t l 'follow o °i n0t ourselves.
nin.J J 8 Wise .T ed by ,lvlns
onrailroad" ^ ^ h ° me ° F When P
yond measure. I have known men to
commit suicide for less disgrace, but
he never so much as blinked. He
heard me through blandly, made no
comment and began to talk about
something else. He had told a lie, was
caught and regarded the episode as
An Odorless Qnion.
The latest product of scientific propa
gation is the odorless onion. Just how
an onion can be odorless and still re
main an onion is not explained. To
most people the odor Is all there is of
an onion and that Is enough. The elim
ination of the characteristic feature of
a vegetable of such long and stron- the
— t to «
" zrÄtÄÄ
tratlng scent which goes with it, can
hardly be an onion. The palate which
loves onions will not recognize it; call- lng
ing a whitened, Innocuous, insipid, his
Plated bulb an onion will not make ii
' by
No true lover of onions will hail this ever
new invasion of science. He eats his
onion at dead of night, in silence and ties
i" . 6 - " e , reJoice8 in aa <l sleeps
upon lt. The incense of his praise fills
the room and soothes him to delicious
sleep. He rises In the morning after 1.
liis sacrifice to pass the day in purifica- '
tion, to see no one till the snn hath
sunk with Indigestible substances, its flx
rudiment vegetable can command such tbe
, . ------------ .
devotion from its votaries. It is a lux
""' 1 " ----.....and
ury and a worship. Shall he yield all
this delight for an odorless bulb? Let
others do as they will, he will not. An
onion without its odor would be asham
ed of itself—Milwaukee Journal.
A Chinese Typewriter.
The Rev. Sheffield, a Presbyterian
minister at Tung Chow, has invented a
typewriter for the Chinese language.
This machine is capable of writing
4,000 characters, which are carried
around the circumference of numer
ous type-wheels. It requires the de
pression of two keys In order to print
a simple character.
A Northern Lighthouse.
The most northern lighthouse in
Great Britain, the northwest tower on
the coast of Shetland, Is built on a rock
200 feet high, the summit of which
barely affords room for the necessary
How to Make a Ball Ont of a Han«
It !s not very generally known how a
ball can be in a few minutes extern*
perised out of an ordinary handker
chief. The trick is, however, well
worth knowing, inasmuch as we can
therewith perplex our friends as to
how it was done, as also submit the
result to them as a puzle, it being diffi
cult or (if it has been thoroughly done)
impossible to undo it except by one
particular method.
As the first part of the process fold
your handkerchief as in Fig. 1; next
fold the points A, B, C, D, Inwards
pro. L
again to the center, and continue this
, -----.
"J 0 "?. 88 1118 po8sIble: Anally
, tbe handkerchief thus folded In
ln ti e f keeping down the folds
of , .T * he thumb and forefinger
e ® band pluck at the skin of
18 ro . y ° a have now made till you
.„* ) f rate . skin from the con-.
nr ,j 8 . an dra ^ the skin towards you
t° wards tbe center, as shown In
pas h' n S «»e contents away from
pinnwiT thu ™ b of the left hand,
e skfn af * ain a * a P°' n t a little
„„ , ® r away *rom you than at first,
nd agaln d [ aw the skin and push the
«"■ I-'
left hand tin thf ^
1® . d ' tlll the handkerchief begins
t0 f ° rm 8 8 ° rt ° f whirlpool, in which
Pro. 2.
S, , t „ mb of „
hy making each successive plucking
Zugh of S^ÏSfîrawlÎTÎS £
Flght h8Dd 8nd the P usbIn S with the ,
l8f t must be in the same directions ae 1
before I
» win be necessary also at Interval. 1
to knead It a little between the hand 1
in order to equally distribute the con- !
tents throughout the ball. !
Continuing In this manner yon will
flnally arrlve at a very hard ball, Fig.
3 ' Wlth ,ts skin quite tlght and ,ta
wr,nl *le8 «11 firmly fixed In the little
center of the wblrl P<*>l.
It now ought to be impossible to
und0 11 a *ain except by reversing the
P roce8s — tb at Is, by plucking the skin
fig. 3.
awav from th* -r:—
?rom youTnield^^of towards
the Æ , of towards you with
SÄ" Ä - Ä
"-t "j ,cn -" d -
same way; and I have heard a story
of a visitor at an hotel who, conslder
lng himself badly treated rolled un all
his bedclothes before his' departure -
by way of revenge The result hn?
ever falsified his^xnectations for »ÎT»
landlord, by displaying these' curios!
ties and charging a small sum on each
attempt to undo them, realized a small
fortune on the transaction» i
__ * j
Musical Wheel. i
Tb ® "H Trovatore" wheel, made In
Germany, has a musical contrivance
flx eff to the handle bar and worked by
tbe front wheel, and plays over 500
. _ , . —
^nes. It can he stopped by a spring
set on again for half an hour and
so on, ad Infinitum, until the machine
wears out.
Has a Temple of Serpents.
The small town of Werda, In the !
kingdom of Dahomey, Is celebrated for
its temple of serpents, a long building, 1
In which the priests keep upward of
1,000 serpents of all sizes, which they 1
feed with birds and frogs brought to
them as offerings by the natives.
Population. I
Since 1842 the population of England, i
Scotland and Wales has increased 75
. . ,
per cent., while Ireland shows a de
crease of nearly 45 per cent.
The World s Sheep.
f eP D J^ ,d
estimat ed to amount to 5a0,000 ,000. ;
If a thoughtful man is frank with
hi m a c If when thinking of the past, 1»
hag great charity for young foola. I
- --------'■__________
S NTERTAINING conversation is
JBn not alone dependent upon a well
f ^ stored mind, a ready wit or broad
culture," writes Mrs. Burton Klngsland
in the Ladies' Home Journal. "It lays
under contribution qualities of heart
as well^s head, and should reveal sin*
eerity, sympathy and simplicity. We
must feel an Interest in our subject be
fore we can inspire it, and enthusiasm
is contagious when it Is sincere. It
gives animation to the face, vivacity to
the manner, and has a thought-com
pelling power that aids fluency of ex
pression. Sympathy and adaptability
are created in a measure by the desire
to please, but one must be sensitive to
the mood of one's audience and quick
to perceive when someone else wishes
to speak. There are talkers who meta
phorically take the bit between their
teeth and run away with a subject.
W hen they finally cease no one has
anything to say, despairing of oppor
tunity. Without simplicity no conver
-----. satlon has charm. The moment we
perceive that it is labored, or that the
In speaker seems to calculate the effect of
his words, If unnecessary mention Is
made of desirable acquaintances or
there is a display of attainments or
of j mock-innocent vaunting of advantages
■ —that moment do we feel only con
tempt for the affectation and pretense.
Truth has a marvelous power of mak
In lng Itself felt, in spite of what is said,
Self-consciousness is but egotism un
der a less severe name, and self must
be forgotten before we can add to our
speech the grace and dignity of sim
Thinks Famous Artist Is Her Brother.
Samuel Landeau's sister, who, with
her mother, has been searching for him
for years, believes he Is the Paris paint
er who "arried a New York heiress,
They left Cincinnati years ago. and
mother and sister, in reduced circum
stances, fear the wealthy artist may
not recognize them,
The Plain Bister.
There is one type of true-hearted, un
selfish woman whom the world does
not know how to appreciate at her full
value. She is the plain sister in a fam
ily of pretty daughters. The fact that
she Is not a beauty is regarded by the
handsome mother as a personal griev
ance and by the better-looking sisters
as an excuse for palming off on to her
j slender shoulders all the disagreeable
I burdens that they think are not neces
sary for butterflies to assume,
j Instead of being given the best in
the way of clothing, In order that any
! actually unpleasant physical defects
may be hidden thereby, the ugly duck
lln » ,s obliged to take the cast-off gar
T" 18 ° f the fayored ones and wear
thpm wheth er they
are becoming or
When invitations come and the «ex
chequer Is rather slim the plain ob« re
mains at home. She is always expect
ed to perform the services of maid, to
be ever ready to wait on the others,
pre P aril l f? ' he « oodle8 when company Is
f^cted. but never requested to Join
? the J e8tlyltie8 sh % has 8lay ed so hard
to make 8 8ucce88 - Sometimes a seust
ble man rec ognizes the worth of this
youthful martyr and hears lier away
1° 8 " eW ho " e before the prettier ones
^7 T°T fr ° m »he r astonishment
i at havlng been overlooked, but in too
j many cases the genuine beauty of char
i acter lies hidden and unrecognized be
hind the flaunting, ever-winning pres
ence of beauty of face and form,
New Patriotic Society.
Mrs. Agnes Korndoerfer, of Phlladel
phla> ha8 organized another association
In connection with the G. A. R. It Is
to be composed entirely
of women. The new
association will take In
those women who, dur
ing the Civil War, were
either too young to go
to -the front as nursqs
or had no male rela
tives in the Northern
army, but who aided
-if---n' e Hn" y 8 , l n? 1 Ue i >y K Pre '
Mr8, Korndoefer. , Sand ban '
8oldiera nr fiV
soldiers, or by taking food or flowers to
the various hospitals.
Wretched Existence.
Chinese women cannot road; they
*"«" roulas of what is going on
th# world( and as ft consequence they
have no general topics of conversation.
When visiting one another they chatter
constantly of money, the principal god
of their race. "What did that cost?"
"now much Is it worth?? and "Hem
much money did she pay for this?" are
ever-recurring questions.
Among the lower classes the women
lead a life Indescribably wretched.
Their homes are either filthy house
boats or miserable hovels on land. No
attempt at cleanliness or sanitary con
ditions Is made, and ten persons are
crowded Into the space which on«
should have. The results can better ba
Imagined than described. Underfed
and overworked, the womenf are slave«
to the men. The head of the housa
works in the fields or acts as coolie, and
when he fails to earn his four or five
cents a day the women have starvation
added to blows and kicks.—Chicago
America Good Enonsh.
Mrs. John Bell, who with her bos
band spent three years as a Methodist
missionary among the tribes of the
Sierra Leone colony,
on the western coast
of Africa, and who
lived to return snd
tell about It, will foe
the future remain in
America. She saya
that besides being In
mbs. j. bell constant danger fron»
man-eating p e o p 1 e^
they were In danger from beasts of th«
forest, leopards frequently visiting
their house and poisonous snakes com 4
lng to the door. Mrs. Bell herself step«
ped on a boa constrictor one evening as
she was going out of the honsa.
Counted the Stitches.
In the early part of the century aa
old maiden lady, who probably had no
great faith In the gratitude of mankind,
kept an elaborate account of the num
ber of stitches she put into hand-made
shirt, and the sum total is certainly
Stitching the collar, four rows.... 8,000
Sewing the ends................. fiOQ
Buttonholes and sewing on buttons ISO
Sewing on collar and gathering
1 , 20 «
Stitching waistbands ........... 1,228
Sewing the ends............... . ' qg
Buttonholes .............._
Hemming the slits......!!!!!!!!! 264
Gathering the sleeves........ g 4 Q
Setting on waistbands........... 458
Stitching shoulder straps, three
rows each.................... j 880
Hemming the neck.............. 390
Sewing the sleeves.............. 2 554
Setting sleeves and gussets....... 3JÎ50
Taping the sleeves............. 1528
Sewing the seams.............. 848
Setting side gussets............. 424
Hemming the bottom...........' 1,104
Total number of stitches......20,646
Cordiality a Heart Winner.
There is hardly anything—In fact, I
honestly believe there Is nothing—thai
can take the place of cordiality in th®
home so far as the pleasure of guests
Is concerned. Fittings and furnishings
may be elegant, the carpets upon which,
you tread may have been designed and
woven by the most skilled hands in all
the world, and the paintings that hnug
on the walls be genuine old masters,
and yet if in the midst of all this beau
ty and elegance you are not met with a
cordial smile and hand-clasp, you are
conscious of something lacking, and tha
voice must sound cordially. Words
alone, no mater how well chosen, are
empty unless there Is a true ring In tha
voice. Therefore, cultivate a cordial
voice If you care to win a little place In
the hearts of those you dally ineeL-»
Baltimore Herald.
Shot a Burglar.
The Atlantic City colony Is loudly
congratulating Miss Lorena Adams fog
her heroic defense
of her home. It
was entered by a
negro burglar, Into
whom she sent a
bullet Miss Adams
was dreaming
peacefully when
she felt a hand un
der her head. She
did not scream, but
felt for her pistol, • LORENA AnAM s.
and says she was not a bit afraid.
Care of Shoea.
Don't wear a shoe so large that lt slipa
at the heel.
Don't wear a shoe with a sole narrow
er than the outline of the foot traced
with a pencil drawn close under tha
rounding edge.
Don't wear the top of a boot tight, as
It interferes with the action of the calf
muscles, makes one walk awkwardly
and causes the ankle to swell.
Don't fall to wipe shoes with soft
dressing at least once a week.
Don't wear a shoe that has com
menced to run over. Have the heel
straightened at once and finished on the
worn edge with a row of tiny nails.
Don't economize on footwear; a good
shoe is a cheap shoe.
The Engaged Man's Gifts.
There is nothing that pleases the en
gaged man more than to shower gift*
upon the woman he hopes to marry, bud
very often It happens that he spends a
great deal of money and anxloua
thought over the purchases, and often
falls to get what Is most suitable og
wished for. The engagement ring
proper is one of these innocent pitfalla
and lt would be far wiser to get a Uttld
instruction on that momentous subject
before buying it; if not from bis fiance«
herself, why, then, from some obliging
sister or cousin or annt in her
denes,—Philadelphia Inquire?.

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