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A Summer Dairy.
As shown In the drawing, the ground Is dug out thirty inches deep at the ; north end to make a tank, which is sup- i plied by the spring, and to keep the j water cool the spring is closed in by a small house, well ventilated, and shaded to keep the heat of the sun off. The water is brought into the milk house by a pipe buried in the ground to keep it cool. The tank Is walled up with bricks or stone, and is covered by two falling half doors. The milk Is set In the tank, In pails sixteen Inches deep and nine or ten inches in diam eter, with a tap in the bottom to draw off the milk and a strip of glass set In the bottom to show when the cream comes down. When the cream is down the tap is shut and the cream is poured out into a separate can lu which it is kept to gather for three days, when it is ripened for churning. This tank is made wholly across one end of the *ouse. The house Is used for churning aoo/f — WATCH TANK MTLCT -RON COOL MILK HOUSE. in, and this work is done early in the morning when the air is cool—just about daybreak is a good time—the milk having been ripened by a starter the evening before. The newly churned butter is put Into a bowl, and may be kept in a pan set In the cold water on a shelf of bars put across one end of the tank. The tank is kept closed In by half doors binged to the ends of the tank. If there is no spring this tank may still be used by supplying it with ■water from a well through a rubber hose kept for the purpose. Iu a house of this kind the best kind of butter may he made without difficulty, without ice, ♦very day through the summer. The winter dairy is then made in a dairy attached to the house, and in a base ment well lighted and having a cement floor, and if needed warmed in the coldest weather by an oil stove, to pre vent freezing. Corn and Cob Meal. Evidence accumulates hi regard to the value of grinding thé corn and cob together for feeding to stock, as was the custom of our fathers. It is claim ed that the pure meal packs so much closer in the digestive organs as not to be as thoroughly acted upon by them as the lighter meal when the cob- fs ground. At the North Carolina station they found that 100 pounds of ears of dent corn had 81% pounds of kernels and 18% pounds of cob. There was 71.17 pounds of dry matter, of which <1.84 pounds was digest! bla In the ker nel, and 10.40 pounds of dry matter of which 7.11 was digestible iu the dbb. Then the whole ear ground should be nearly 13 per cent better than the ker nels alone, an important item, well re paying the cost of grinding. At the Kansas station they reported that In a feeding test with pigs, 050 pounds of corn and cob meal made 100 pounds of gain, while of the pure meal it took <70 pounds. Taking the North Caro lina figures with these, we find that the number of pounds of ears making 100 pounds of pork, when all was ground together, would make but little over 80 pounds when only the kernels were ground. A Nebraska farmer who feeds many cattle says he finds It profitable to grind corn and cob when It Is 25 cents a bushel, and having his own mill with sweep power, he can grind it for a half cent a bushel. But all agree that fine grinding Is important. New Early Potato. Despite the fact that some growers do not favor the early Ohio potato, the Variety is regarded by many as the best of the early varieties, which adds that a white form of t,he variety is being in troduced. It originated with a Western BABLY OHIO POTATO. grower, who, having used' Northern seed, found three years ago a plant pro ducing pure white potatoes, identical in every way with the best of the old Oblo except in color, which Is a fine white.—American Gardening. The Mowing Machine. We remember when tbe first mow ing machines began to be used there were many farmers wbo expressed an opinion that they cut so close to the ground that tbe grass roots would be burned out by the beat of the sun if there was not rain soon. Probably this has sometimes happened upon eertal soils, where the roots did not pénétrât« • deeply, and where the stand of grass was so thin that the stubble djd not shade the soil at all to prevent the evap oration from It. Yet many of those same farmers cut their grass closer to the ground with the hand scythe than the mowing machine cut; that is, they did so iu the center of the swath, for they were not what we call good mow ers, pointing in and out and leaving the stubble level, but cut with a swing that left each swath what we called a "hog trough" high where the swaths met, but very low in the center. The most ' obvious way to remedy the danger of cutting too low would be to set the kulves higher, but it is not the best way. Make the soil light and porous by haying plenty of vegetable matter ' In it, and rich enough to grow a thick turf, pnd there is little danger of the sunshine Injuring, the roots, and a shower or even a heavy dew will cause it to brighten up very quickly.—Ameri can Cultivator. Pnsh the Chicks. Growing chicks cannot be persuaded to eat too much. Push them along so that they will attain full growth before cold wealther sets in. The pullets of early hatchings. If well fed and in warm quarters, should be ready to lay "by winter, and if the quarters are warm enough they should lay fairly well^ all winter. Separate the young.roosters from the pullets If it Is possible and feed them , extra, so that they may be full grown and well fleshed when the time comes to sell them. They should be kept hun gry, yet have sufficient to eat. A good plan is to give them enough to only par tially satisfy their appetite in the morn- - iug and never enough during the day, so that they will hunt around for food. The exercise will do them good. But for the evening meal they should have enough of good grain to till their crop, so that they can go to roost comforta bly. Late hatched chicks should re ceive the very best of care and be pushed along as rapidly as possible, as it is easier to do this now than when the weather becomes cold. When the chickens have attained their full growth or nearly so, and the fattening period begins, they should be confined in a small yard, so that while they may have a little exercise, ■ yet not the unlimited run they were nccustomed to. If the fattening is to be done very rapidly, each bird should be confined In a small coop just large enough for them. & HIGHEST TYPE OF HOUSE To Juitae Horae Character. Horse phrenology is the latest dis covery of the Royal College of Veter ary Surgeons of England. According to Harold Leeney, a member of the col lege, it is easy to tell a horse's character by the shape of his nose. If there is a gentle curve to the profile and at the same time the ears are pointed and sensitive it is safe to bank on the animal as gentle and at the same time high-spirited. If. on the other band, the horse has a dent in the middle of the nose it is equally safe to set him down as treacherous and vic ious. The Roman nosed horse is cer tain to be a good an imal for hard work and safe to drive, but he Is apt to be WOBgTTT1>KOFH01l9a slow. A horse with a slight concavity in the profile will be scary and need coaxing. A horse that droops his ears Is apt to be lazy as well as vicious, but hard work will some times make a horse which started out properly let his ears drop. Stacking the Straw. In some way the wheat and oat straw should all be utilized. If it can not all be fed to the stock to advantage, it can at least be used for bedding and In this way be converted into manure. There are few farms where there is too much manure. Generally if more care were taken to make, save aud apply more manure, better crops at a less cost would be grown, and where wheat and oats are made a part of the farm crops, the straw should In some way find its way back to the land. Straw alone Is not a complete food. Animals must consume too large a bulk of it, more tbau can be properly digest ed if even a fairly thrifty condition is maintained. But if combined with other materials it can be used to a good advantage. If mixed with clover hay aud a small proportion of wheat bran is added, a very good ration is pro vided and one that is at the same time economical. Like everything else saved for feed much depends upon the condition. With a little care in stack ing, so that it will keep In a good con dition It can be used to a much better advantage either for feeding or bed ding. Even when wanted for bedding It should be stacked up where it can be kept dry, as dry bedding will help materially in making the stock com fortable in winter. if Transplanting Tree«. For each t"ee dig a big hole. Into tbs hole put all the scraps of old iron, tin cans, old bones and all tbe rubbish on hand. Get a bushel or more of the best soil you can find, leaf mold If possible, and make a soft bed, In wbicb to set your tree, with Its roots comfortably spread out Scatter a little more good soil on top of the roots. Now pour at least one-half peck of small potatoes on top of all. Water well with warm water, and fill up tbe bole with good soil, wbicb must be well firmed, but not packed. The growing potatoes will keep tbe soli about tbe trees loose, and gives tbe tree a start that will carry It well through tbe first summer. The po tato tops serve both as a mulch an# shade.— Mrs» A. M. Kelly. ' - ■ SOME STYLES IN CHILDREN'S DRESSES FOR SCHOOL. The reopening of school is a source of regret to the children, but to mothers it brings problems of per plexity. Children are no respecters of dress,^ and the question of wherewithal shall Katie, or Susie, or Rosie, be clothed is an ever-present one. Muslins and ginghams must soon be put away and flannels and serges be made up into pretty costumes for the little people. Durability and simplicity should be prominent characteristics of school garments, but the little dresses should be pretty as well as useful. Maternal pride is ever ready to assert itself, and, happily, mothers no longer cling to the Puritanical idea that to put a pretty dress on a child means to swell unduly its bump of vanity. On the other hand, pretty clothes do not mean elaborate nor extrava gant clothes. There is no more pitiable sight than a much beruilled, bejeweled and befrizzled grown-up little girl. Cashmere is to be in high favor. None of the sub stitutes has stood the wear and tear like cashmere. Nun's veiling and mohair are also being used for early fall school frocks. Cheviots and the serges are old standbys. Tucks, cords, plaits and machine stitch ing and braiding are the principal trimmings for school dresses. Silk and velvet are employed for trimming, and lace in slight quantities. There are the fancy gold and silver braids, but these are better reserved for best frocks. Narrow black velvet rib bon is always a pretty and very suitable and durable garniture for the little gowns, nnd its possibilities of application are unlimited. Bright-tinted embroideries will be in great* favor among trimmings, and they are very effective and appropriate. The Russian dress will be a popular design, and on these Russian em broidery will be much used as a trimming. Buttons are again fashionable, and they not only play a useful, but ornamental, part in the calcula tions for juvenile modes for the fall. Small gold and silver buttons give a very picturesque finishing touch to many of the little frocks, and a few very large ornamental buttons are used with good effect. Guimpes and collars of many kinds will be used. The big white collars of lawn linen, pique, embroidery and lace will continue to be worn. The white wash fabrics with embroidery are the most serviceable. PHYLLIS. In powdered wig and silken hose, Young Corydon as suitor kueels. To offer Phyllis fair the rose That in its tender tint reveals The color of his beating heart, Which Cupid shivered with a dart. But Phyllis coyly hesitates; She may—she can't—she won't she will, The while her patient lover waits, With all his heart a-beating still. For Doubt itself suggests a chance Of waking up the rare romance. His face is fair; his eyes are blue; He kneels a suppliant at her feet; And surely must his heart be true, Thus, with a smile sereue and sweet. She gently takes the proffered rose— And ends his hopes and fears and Then Corydon pursues his suit With tender touch and facile phrase, While Phyllis, for the moment mute, With eyes cast down before his gaze, Lists to the tale of love lifelong, To echo the Immortal song. . . • How often Watteau limned the pair, And won the praise of many pens! But disillusion's in the air. And here they pose before the lens. Yet Phyllis in her rich brocade Is Phyllis still—in tailor-made. Be iure we love her just the same As in the days of yore, when we Were wont to play the wooing game In buckled shoon, on bended knee. The Heart that loves is still a Heart In all the divers dreama of Art. —The Sketch. 5 JOAN'S INEXPERIENCE. 5 * * ************************** rt^UTH, Ruth, It's Important; I IS/ want you-" from the further ** side of my door. I had resolved to devote the morning to study, but, mother being on the con tinent, I felt a certain responsibility for my beautiful younger sister. The "Important" decided me. "What is It?" I asked, as she entered the room. "You'll never guess. Lord Avon mouth has proposed." "But you haven't accepted hlm?" I asked, fearful that Inexperienced Joan should trust her life to the man with tbe worst reputation in the county. "Why not?" "You don't know anything about him!" "Don't I? He's the most charming man I ever met, and I certainly said 'yea* " "What will mother say?" I asked, as Joan, not at all discomfited at my cool reception of her news, left my room, humming the refrain of a song. Perplexed with the situation that had suddenly arisen, I went down-stairs to find our old friend and neighbor. Jack VUllers, of whose presence the exigen cies of the diplomatic service, to which he belonged, would soon deprive us. 1 told him of my trouble, and ended by asking his advice. Ten minutes later be s&ld: "This la my idea. Joan Is lmpres slonable. I have an old friend In town who has a rare knack of fascinating girls; I'll get him down for a week's shoot. If he devotes his time to Joan It may destroy her inclination for Avon mouth." The plan seemed feasible. I prayed that Joan's affections would be divert ed from their objectionable object Two days later I received a note from Jack saying that his friend had accepted the Invitation and was com ing to-day. When I descended about luncheon time. Jack and his friend were the only occupants of the drawing-room. «<-> 1 I ONLY SHOOK MY Hi£Al>. "Let me Introduce you to my old friend, Claud Blackwood," said Jask. 1 gave my baud mechanically. My thoughts were concerned with Joan's future. Later, I noticed that he had fine eyes and there was plenty of him, but all the same 1 was disappointed. Perhaps 1 expected too much. Soon Lord Avonmouth and Joan strolled in from the garden, and, after the usual commonplaces, we went in to luncheon. Before half an hour had passed, I discovered that Captain Blackwood fascinated me, and to such an extent that I almost forgot my fears with regard to Joan. She, too, seemed interested. Her white muslin dress, decorated with a red rose at her waist, showed off to advantage her rich, young beauty. After lunch, while Joan and I waited the men In the rose garden, I was strangely silent. I had only thought for Jack's friend. When the men had been with us some few minutes Jack maneuvered so that Captain Blackwood and Joan strolled off to inspect some ruins at the farther end of the park. "Well contrived," whispered Jack as they disappeared from our sight "Well contrived!" I echoed absently, The next morning we assembled for ! 1 I ] . I a ride previously arranged. Jack a<?ain managed that Captain Blackwood ac companied Joan. . Though tbe knowledge that be left my side reluctantly gave me intense secret pleasure, I found myself sur reuderlng to a desire fot Isolation; and soon I was alone with tbe softly wills rering trees. Their sadness had never seemed so attuned to my mood before Uorsea hoofs, a beating of my beau, j • and Jack's friend drew rein beside me, The whispering of the trees was so beautiful I wondered I had not noticed it before. He did not speak. I summoned cour age to glance at his face—only for moment "I think we had better find the others," I said, "I want to speak to Jack." "Have I offended you?" He never knew the effort It cost me to curb his ardor when he reminded me of my self-imposed duty to Joan. Ten minutes later Jack was beside me. "Blackwood said you wanted me." "I want him to give nil his time to Joan. Have you forgotten our com pact?" He was so confused that I said to him: "What's the matter?'' Then as he did not answer, "Surely you can tell me," I said. "I love Joan, have always loved her, and you know it's hopeless, hopeless, hopeless." I did not contradict him. A week passed, and Captain Black wood, happily, was still among us. Our scheme, as far as loan was concerned, had answered admirably. She had been so distant to Lord Avonmouth that he had betaken himself to Paris. But I had saved Joan by compromising my life's happiness. I loved Captain Blackwood, and I feared with a great fear the day on which he would take his imminent departure. While he was near I could be almost happy. But I knew tbe blackness that would supervene when he had gone. ] At last the moment of the dreaded . day arrived when we were to say good jby. I He stood before me. I could not look at him. "Ruth !" "Good-by!" I whispered. "Not good-by. Never good-by." "Why?" I timidly whispered. "I love you, I love you." Then, after a pause. "Have you no word for me?" Duty to Joan alone restrained me from throwing my arms about his neck. "Have you no word for me?" I could not speak, 1 only shook my head. When I next had a consciousness of things he was gone. "Where's Ruth?" cried a voice. It was Joan's. I dried my eyes and summoned the ghost of a smile. "Here she is!" cried Jack's voice. They entered together. "Why didn't you come with us to the station? Captain Blackwood was in such a bad temper we left him before the train started," said Joan. "A good Job, too," from Jack. "Jack!" from Joan. "It is. Joan and I are engaged. I should never have asked if we hadn't found ourselves alone on the way-" "What?" I gasped. For answer Joan took Jack's hand In hers. i "What about Lord Avonmonth?" 1 asked when a few moments later Joan and I were alone together, "1 hate hlm. I always loved Jaok, and 1 knew be loved me, but he would n't speak. 1 pretended to care for Lord Avonmonth as Jack was rotas away, and—what Is the matter, Rath ?" I had no time and less Inclination to explain. I seized a hat and hurried to ward the station. Half way there I paused for breath. The warning whistle of a train seem ed to stab my heart. "Come back, come back, my love," I cried. For answer a cloud of white smoke that told me of the departure of tha man I loved. All the same I pressed on. Arrived at the station I almost fell Into the arms of the stationmaster, who prided himself on the flowers that dec orated his station. "What's happened, miss?" "I want a gentleman, but he's gone." "There's a lunatic here, If that's him, miss." My attention was drawn to a knot of officials who were watching a tall, well built man who was viciously striking the heads from the flowers with a walk ing cane. A lunatic," I gasped. Well, miss, he drove for a certain train, but didn't go by it Ever sinco he's been spoiling my flowers, and he looked so savage none of ns liked to interfere." At that moment the lunatic caught my eyes. He approached. It was the man I loved. "Yon!" "Yes, dear." Our eyes said all that was left un spoken.—Mainly About People. THE PAPAL DELEGATE. Archbishop MartincUi a Man of Rare Charm and Tact. One of the most popular as well aa diplomatic representatives which the Pope has ever sent to this country is Archbishop Martinelli. Although lead ing a most secluded life at the papal legation at Washington, his popularity extends throughout the United States. He was sent to America In 1896. In him are united the most lovable quali ties of the Latin race. Tactful and pos sessing a knowledge of the traditions of the people among whom he lives, ha Is ever careful against offending. The infinite pains, too, that he takes In small matters, his never falling amia-. bility and unselfishness endear him both to the people of his own church and those of other communions who have the privilege of knowing him. Monslgnor Martinelli was educated at Rome under Cardinal Seplaccl, of the Angelica, being ordained as a priest March 4, 1871. He Is a member of the Order of St Augustine, to which his brother, Cardinal Martinelli, who donned the habit In 1863, also belonged. Shortly before bis ordination, the mon V MONSIONOB MA.BT1HKLT.1. signor lived for some years In the Au gustine community in Ireland, where he became familiar with the English language as It Is spoken by onr Irish cousins, and hls accent still suggests • slight brogue. In 1889 Archbishop Martinelli was elected to the post of prior general of hls order, and In 1895 was confirmed In this office for a term of twelve years. It Is doubtful If anyone among the Au gustines Is more popular or more wide ly loved, and none surely bave a mon potent Influence. The Curne of Gold. * « "Papa Is afraid some man will marry me for my money. Do you think any one would?" "Some men will do almost anything for money." . Queer Houses In New Zealand. New Zealand has some quaint things In the way of bouses. In places where flat land is scarce, there Is sometimes a difficulty In securing space for a place on which to build a bouse. Here Is a singular situation for a cottage, access to which Is gained by climbing the rock at tbe back. In the back blocks of a new country some queer habita tions are erected, and a bootmaker's shop In the wilds of the colony is rather a picturesque specimen. It is composed of sacking on a frame of saplings, while the chimney, from which his "shin gles" Is hung, Is formed of "bungles"— tbe stems of the handsome Punga Punga treefern. If a man attempted to keep track of as many kin as hls wife keepa In mind, lie would have to hire s bookkeeper and a stenog rapher. r