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V. f % recognition to the part which the chick S*ee 1 Wheat Per Acre. At the Ohio State University and Ex periment Station they have for many years been testing different amounts of seed wheat per acre. The first experi ments were on rich bottom land. Where they sowed five pecks per acre the yield was thirty-four bushels, and where they put on seven pecks they harvested thir ty-seven bushels, a gain of a bushel for each peck of seed. It was repeated the next year on five duplicate plots sown at each rate. In every case the results were in favor of the seven pecks per acre, it giving enough larger crop to more than repay the extra cost of the seed. Tests have been made on the same farm several years since with varying quantities, with the result that best crops were always obtained when not less than five pecks or more than seven pecks were sown. Having re moved in 1892 to a farm where the soil Is less productive than that first tested, they have found the most profitable harvests from the use of eight pecks or more of seed.. In unfavorable sea sons the best results there have been from nine to ten pecks of seed. While we cannot dispute the correctness of their tests, we think some of those who thoroughly fit their ground get better results from less than seven pecks than from more, and it may depend for profit upon the point of the compara tive cost of extra seeding or of extra labor in fitting the soil.—American Cul tivator. Cnlf-Wennlnv Device. It is sometimes a difficult task to wean calves, for some of them will per sistently suck the old cow at every op portunity. A device to break up the habit may be made of a board an Inch thick, making the other dimensions to t-n DEVICE FOR WEANING CALVES. suit the head of the calf. The sides should be cut out so that the eyes of the calf will not be obstructed when the board rests against Its face. Holes are bored in the hoard and straps run through them In such n manner that they may be fastened to the halter worn by the calf. I I* Butter- Mnkins Profitable? Dairymen frequently get discouraged and conclude there Is more money and j less hard work in producing milk and selling it to wholesalers in the large | cities than in making butter. If a man ! is manufacturing butter and is netting ] even 20 cents a pound for it, there is ! something wrong if he is losing mon ey. It is admitted, however, that but ter sold at the price named can not give one much profit. In most sec tions the net price obtained for milk is very low and In shipping milk the pro ducer loses the skim milk which he has when he makes butter; this skim milk is worth taking into consideration If one has swine or poultry on the farm. It is impossible for one to ad vise without some knowledge of local conditions, but on general principles it certainly would be poor business pol icy for any one who understands the art of producing good butter, and who Is getting a fair price for the product of his dairy, to think of giving it up for the uncertainty of the fresh milk mar ket—Indianapolis News. The Barn-Yard in Winter. In the fall get the barnyard in shape for winter. Drainage should be pro vided the first thing thut is done, and the drains should be so arranged that all the liquid excrement can be carried into barrels or vats, where It may be saved and used on the farm. Many a farmer has buried his hope of prosper ity in his barnyard. After the drain age is done, the soil should be leveled, low spots filled In and high ones cut down, so that at no time will there be puddles of filth. It is a good plan to have a reserve pile of sand under cov er, so that the holes made by the hoofs of the animals may be filled in from time to time. No barnyard should be withou; a shed open to the south, un der which the cows may find protec tion from rain and wind, should they be left out for any length of time. Roughage of some kind should be placed in racks under this shed, so that the cows may have material for a cud or two. Pirat Step Toward Winter Earn. The poultry-keeping operations of the farm will always be on a low plane where there is lack of system in regu larly gettlig rid of the hens after their second, or, at most, third year, says Wallace's S'armer. We wish we could Impress this fact upon every farmer who Is disposed to give the slightest to recognition to the part which the chick ens play in connection with the farm revenues. It is a sheer waste of money to build good houses and fill them with hens which have lived beyond the day of their greatest usefulness. Send the aged hens away this summer just as soon as they have weaned their brood. Don't wait until fall, as they will then have to be sold in competition with the young stock, with which the market will be flooded. You could not find poorer employment than trying to get winter eggs from hens over three years old. Farmen, Kr.p .»ccnnnte. The farmer who does not keep an ac count of all bis business and farming operations is making a great mistake. The benefits derived from keeping such an account are many and varied. It be gets an interest in one's business to know the profit on every detail. It forms a reliable basis of knowledge of the most profitable departments. There is a satisfaction In feeding stock when one knows the profit that is being made. It enables the farmer to conduct opera tions on business principles. A good business man would scarcely think of doing business without an account book. Why should a farmer? Get an account book and keep tab of your business. You will get 100 per cent In satisfaction. I would also advise the keeping of a notebook. In which to note briefly the title and a few general points of the articles of Interest that occur in the farm papers taken. By noting the title, name and date of pa per, and filing the papers away in proper order, one can readily look up any desired article, which otherwise might requore hours. Try It. and see if you do not take more interest in your farm papers.—Exchange. Broad Tires for Farm Wastone. The great value of broad tires for both farm wagons and carts and those used for carrying heavy loads on the road has long been demonstrated be yond question. In a recent bulletin is sued by the experiment station of the University of the State of Missouri, the director says: Numerous tests of the draft of wide and narrow tired wag ons have been made at this station dur ing the last two years on macadam, gravel and dirt roads in all conditions, and on meadows, pastures and ploughed fields, both wet and dry. The draft has been determined by means of a self recording dynamometer. The net load was in every trial the same, viz.. 2.000 pounds. Contrary to public expecta tion, in a large majority of cases the draft was materially less when tires six inches In width were used than when the tests were made with tires of standard width—one and one-half Inches. G-Indinar Corn Folder. That the corn shredder is a valuable piece of machinery there is no ques tion, neither is there any doubt but what even the old-fashioned corn cut ter is an improvement over feeding the whole stalks to the cattle. A uew at tachment to a corn cutter drops the cut corn stalks from the hopper of the cutter between two cogged cylinders. which literally chew the corn into bits so that every particle of the stalk is eaten by the cows. This attachment may be fashioned by a local black smith. Such a machine ought to be manufactured and sold for less money than a shredder and be just the thing for the farmer who cannot afford a shredder. Dehorning Calve*. When the calf is from ten days to three weeks old take a pair of shears and clip the hair off all over and around the little button or place where the horn would appear if left to grow; then dip the end of a stick of caustic potash Into cold water and rub over the place where the horn w'ould ap pear. Rub good and hard until the skin Is broken or eaten just a little. If taken in time one application will be sufficient. If it should start to grow repeat the operation. Care should be taken not to get any of the caustic on fingers or on any more of the calf's head than necessary.—Exchange. Fheen Hbearisn, Keep the best of tlie ewe lambs. Young rams should be kept thrifty. Large flocks do not pay relatively as well as small ones. Give the lambs a little mill feed a few days before weaning. After the corn is laid by P Is often a good plan to turn In the sheep. Lambs, wool, mutton aud manure are the four cardinal points of sheep rais ing. The longer a man keeps poor sheep the poorer he will be. In dressing a mutton the woolly part should not be allowed to touch the flesh. Sheep may be termed the gleaners or savers of the waste ou the farm. No one breed of sheep will succeed best on all soils or in all situations. Of all methods of improving the soil and destroying weeds sheep are the best So far as can be done sheep should have nothing to eat for twenty-four hours before killing. A weakened constitution predisposes to disease of any kind. Ewes will produce larger and better lambs If In a good, plump condition at the time of coupling. If & sheep is Injured in any way, wash the wound, bathe with turpentine and cover with tar. ! ARTIFICIAL EYES. Not KiownWhen Originated, bnt Were Made Five Bntidred Years B. C. It is not known precisely when or where artificial eyes originated; but the annals plainly show that in ancient times the priests in Egypt and Rome, who practised as physicians and sur geons, made artificial eyes, hands, arms, and legs—the Egyptians as eàrly as 500 B. C. Their method of eye making is thus described. On the cen ter of a piece of flesh-colored prepared linen, two and a quarter, inches by one and a quarter, the flat side of a piece of earthen ware, modelled life-size and painted to represent the human eye and eyelids, was cemented; and this linen, coated on the other side with an adhesive substance, was placed over the eye and pressed down. These arti ficial eyes were therefore worn outside the cavity, and though not strictly ar tistic in design.or detail, were no doubt fully appreciated and worn with pride by the monocular Egyptian and Roman "toffs." It Is chronicled that one of these artificial eyes was picked up in the ruins of Pompeii, which was destroyed in 79 A. D. The earliest known mention of mod eru artificial eyes—that is, eyes worn inside the orbit—occurs in an exceed ingly rare Illustrated work on surgery, written by a French surgeon named Ambroise Pare, and published in Paris in 1501. Pare invented three artificial eyes. The first was a wonderful con trivance. It consisted of a thin metal spring-band which passed half way round the wearer's head, havli g on one end a small oval plate, which covered the orbit of the eye. and the other end pressed against the back of the head. The oval plate was covered with smooth, soft leather, on which an eye was painted. It would, perhaps, be difficult to devise anything more inele gant or uncomfortable. The second device was a hollow globe of gold, eye shaped and enamelled, which was worn inside the socket—the first recorded ar tificial eye thus worn. The third con trivance was simply a "shell-pattern" eye, exactly similar in shape to those now used, but made of gold, and enam elled. Except that they were made of gold and enamelled, the two latter were practically of the same design as the "globe" and "shell" glass eyes of the present day. Tare's clumsy, truss like appliance and his two gold eyes, which were used only by the wealthy, were succeeded by eyes made of paint ed porcelain, and colored pearl-white, which immediately became immense ly popular. Next came the invention of glass eyes, which instantly super seded all others, and still command the public favor. Glass eyes, which were invented in 1579, were well known in Slmkspeare's time. In King Lear (Act. 4, sc. 6), written in 1005 and first published in 1008, Lear, with crushing derision, thus advises the blinded traitor Gloucester: "Get thee glass eyes; and . . . seem to see." As a strict necessity Gloucer ter would have required globe pattern eyes. In Shakspeare's day glass eyes were literally the finest productions of very inferior workmanship, the iris and the pupil being hand-painted in the best style of that rough-and-ready period. However, as Father Time marched along, glass eyes progressed and im proved In make and finish, especially within tlie last half century; and now they have readied a high standard of excellence as works of art. ! RECENT INVENTIONS. Two French women have patented a scrubbing brush which is to be attach ed to the shoe by straps and a heel plate, thus making it possible to clean floors while standing upright. A neat little attachment recently pat ented, to prevent bicycle lamps from going out, consists of a piece of wire gauze beut to form a basket surround ing the flame to shield It from sudden 1 draughts of air. * A new method of fastening spokes In wagon wheels consists of setting a screw-threaded bolt In the end of the spoke, with a nut countersuuk In the felly which can be turned to adjust the felly to fit the tire. The smashing of a front wheel of a bicycle by a collision is prevented by a newly designed guard, which is form ed of a metal rod bent V-shape, with the point in front and the ends attached to the ends of the front fork. | Dust cannot gather In the comers of a room if a new corner-plate is used which is formed of a triangular sheet of metal with the sides curved In and is forced into the corner by a special tool which causes it to grip the wood and hold Itself In place. A newly designed barrel bung is made of a section of iron tubing, screw threaded to fit the hole tightly, and an outer flange to stop its entry beyond the proper point the interior being fit ted with a metal plug having an elastic ring around its edge and an expansible screw to lock It in position. Defeat. His regiment had been ordered out, and be was saying a fond farewell to the girl be would so soou leave behind him. "But," said he, striving to take a cheerful look ahead, "after it is all over we will return as conquerors, march ing to strains of victorious music, and trlmphant trumpet blasts, and waving our tattled battle flags— er— 1 mean our flattered battle tags—no-" "You mean battled flatter tags- n "Battered tattle flags-" "Flattered tattle bags-" "Tattered flattie bags-" And then they give It up.—Puck. ▲ fool may ask more questions in seven minutes than a wise man can in seven years. TRUMPET CALLS. I» Rant's Horn Sounds a Warning Note to the Unredeemed. OVE'S labor can not be lost. Love's labor is never laborious. Many a hard chain is mude up of soft snaps. Love never turns its microscope on our faults. Singing in sor row is the sign of * God's saints. The world is never cold to the warm hearted. Time lost In mending nets is saved in catching fish. Our real profits in life depend on our voluntary losses. The life of Christianity is in the death of Christ. A sensitive conscience never makes a man self-conscious. There can be no music In life where there are no silences. The world of labor waits for the Lord who labored Himself. Often the best view of heaven is that obtained from the knees. The brightest truths are often dug out of the darkest doubts. The heavenly vision does not come to the slumbering church. Truth is in danger of becoming false when it becomes fossilized. God sends no storms without His rainbow arching somewhere. Truth supersedes all statements as a man surpasses his picture. The shadow of trouble is nearly al ways darker than its substance. The decay of faith is always marked by the development of credulity. The family altar is the heart of the home and determines its health. No government can make a people free when their hearts are enslaved. There is no man so poor as to be without the influence of his example. It is always better to think without saying than to say without thinking. Natural law without God behind It Is no more than a glove without a hand in it. The feet of the kicking church mem ber are not shod with the gospel of peace. You cannot put the church before Christ without putting Christ behind the church. Some people do not believe in offices in the church because they are never nominated. A man who is willing to begin his work in a small way shall be led into a large one. When you step up on one promise you will always find a higher and a better one before you. The practical value of many move ments is on account of some impracti cal passion behind them. 1 * | Rights of Chinese Parents. The law and custom of China still gives the parents supreme control over their children. As far as it is possible for an outsider to get to know this people, whose "ways are dark," it does appear that this power of life aud death is not often exercised unless in the case of infants. Now and again, however, instances occur which prove that this barbarous right is still claimed aud exercised. A man in the Nam Hoi district has just put his son to death in a most cruel fashion, and the law takes no cogni zance of the murder, for surely it can not be called by any other name. The boy had been often reproved for asso ciating with gamblers and robbers, and his record was a bad one. This much may be said in extenuation of the fa ther's diabolical act. For a long time the father was unable to lay hands on his son. This he succeeded in doing by offering a reward to any one who could bring him home. During the day of his return the father gave no evidence of his wicked designs. This put the lad off his guard. But when night came the father threw off his mask, seized his son, bound him hand and foot, and then proceeded leisurely to strangle him.—Chir-a. Mall. French Cemetery for Dogs. The dog lovers of Paris have been for some years iu possession of a cemetery where they cau bury their dead pets and erect monuments to their memory. This cemetery is on an island iu the Seine, not far from Paris, and is a much more elaborate affair than any thing of the kind we have in this coun try. Some of the monuments are really tine, one of the best being in memory of a famous St. Bernard which saved the lives of forty persons, and in at tempting to save the forty-tirst was klled by him. The epitaph on another monument runs: "A mark of gratitude from a mother whose child was saved by Loulou from death by drowning in the Garonne. The brave Loulou was omy nine months old and had a broken leg when lie perform ed the deed." Elsewhere lies the favorite of a regi ment of soldiers under a handsome monument erected by subscription. The little cemetery is well worth a visit aud the neatly kept graves and pretty tombstones will appeal to all dog lov ers. A Newspaper in Verse. Probably the most extraordinary Journal in the world is published week ly in Athens. It Is written In vers* even the advertisements. If a man Is truly charitable he does his duty without making a fuss about It 1 ' , I ■ i I I j ! ON THE HONEYMOON. Bow a Newly Mar-iel Couple Fooled heir Friends. "The young married couples that we get just starting out on their wedding Journey," said the railroad brakeman in the Kansas City Journal, "appear to know a thing or two. If they get a lively send-off they take the parting greetings of their friends, including the showers of rice and that sort of thing, in one car, and then, as soon as the train starts move into another. "I imagine that often they must have this all planned out In advance. If they don't, if they change their quar ters after they get on the train, when they see what a mess their friends have made around them, then they have more presence of mind than you would expect of them under the circum stances. "Coming into town one night a while ago we got, at a city up the road, a young couple just married and starting out on their wedding journey. Their friends who had come down to see them off were all in evening dress, their start being made at night The young couple came marching down the aisle of the car with a bunch of young fel lows In swallowtail coats trooping after them, the head one of the lot carrying a big sheet of paper, which he held up back of the couple as they walked, try ing to pin It on their backs and or which was marked: " 'We have Just been married.' "When the couple took their seat the likely youngster with the sign pinned that on the back of the seat they occu pied. And then the other folks, young men and women, gayiy dressed, who had come to see the young couple off, filed past them along the aisle and threw rice over them as they went by. "When they got outside they lined up on the station platform, a Jolly, handsome party, opposite the window the young couple aat at and waited there till the train started. The minute the train did start the young fellow got op and led his bride Into the parlor car ahead, where he bad reserved seats In advance, leaving the car with the rice covered floor and the seat with the sign up, 'We have just been married,' to be occupied by whoever might chance to take It "They really began their journey in the other car, In quiet among people who had not seen the send-off. Of course, as soon as they had gone we took down the sign from the back of the seat and then there was nothing unusual left in the car but the scrunch ing of rice under foot; but nobody ever minds that" Animals Understand Hygiene. Enough Is now known of the nature of animal materia medlca to excite in terest and curiosity. There Is abund ant evidence that many species know j and constant^ make use of simple ' remedies for definite disorders, and at the same time observe rules of healtf to which only the highest civilization or the sanction of religious prescription compels man to conform. It has been noted that the general condition of animal health, especially in the case of the herbivorous crea tures, corresponds not Inexactly with I that of such tribes as the Somalis, men feeding almost solely on grain, milk, dates and water, living constantly iu the open air, moderate in all things, and cleanly, because their religion en |oins constant ablutions. Like them, j wild animals bave no Induced diseases; 1 the greater number do not eat to ex cess; they take regular exercise in seek ' lng their food, and drink only at fixed hours. Many of them secure change of climate, one of the greatest factors , in health, by migration. I This is not confined to birds and beasts, for the salmon enters the soft ■ water partly to get rid of sea parasites, and returns to the sea to recruit after spawning. With change of climate, change of diet, and perfectly healthy habits, their list of disorders is short, ihough they readily fall victims to con tagious disease, just as recently num bers of the Hamran Arabs of the Sou dan, as bealtby livers and good Mus sulmans as the Somalis themselves, friends and fellow hunters with Sir Samuel Baker, perished of contagious fever on the banks of the Nile tribu taries. i Nature's Make of "Beeswax." At the mouth of the Nebalem River, I on the coast of Oregon, a very queer substance is found. It has the appear ance of a mineral at first sight, but on close inspection and under practical tests it appears to be pure beeswax, says the Detroit Free Press. It has all the useful properties of beeswax, and it is sold In Astoria at the regular market price of beeswax. It is washed ashore at high tide in quantities rang ing from a lump the size of a walnut V» a chunk weighing one aundred aud flfty pounds. It is also found on shore, in black soil where trees are growing, at considerable elevations above the water. A piece of this strange sub stance submitted to expert examina tion in New York is declared to be wlmt is known as mineral wax. This substance has for years been known to exist in the lignite-beds of the North west The quantities found on the coast of Oregon would seem to Indi cate the existence of a tertiary lignite bed in the neighborhood. It belongs to the hydrocarbon series allied to the retinites and ambers—fossil remains of résinons trees of the tertiary ago. I Night Blindness, j Night blindness Is a peculiar affec tion of the eye in which the patient sees very well during the day, but be comes blind aa night approaches. It Is mostly met with in warm climates, and ! usually gives way to mild treatment Sugar In Europe. Gibbon says that ragar was lint brought from Asia to Buropo A. D. sag. a If a up In in Of of tæ in at iu be to of Is Clarence—Clara, if I let you buy a new winter coat I'll have to wear my old one. Clara—Oh, you dear, sweet, lovely, generous old boy! "Yes, my dear," said the sarcastic hubby; "you may have made the cake all alone, as you say. but who helped you to lift it out of the oven?" Mrs. Guinnivoiee—1 never have any trouble with baby. I've only to sing to him and he goes right off to sleep. Mrs. Phaser—What a knowing child!—Bos ton Transcript. At the church door: "Are yon one of the wedding party?" asked Mr. Fresh, the usher. "Only the groom. Do"'t mind me." replied the prospective tlc tim.—Baltimore World. M innick—Well, there was one thing I remarked about your wife the first time I saw her—she was undoubtedly out spoken. Henpeck—You don't say! By whom?—Philadelphia Press. "Bridget, were you entertaining a man in the kitchen last evening?" "Will, mum, tbot's f'r him t' say. Ol done me best wid tta' m'terlals at hand, mum."—Philadelphia Bulletin. Showing John Bull Around: "And what is this?" asked the visitor. "This is Wall street It is the most cele brated of all our American watering places."—Our Dumb Animals. A good thing: Consulting Physician —Do you think the patient can stand an operation? Family Doctor—Can he stand it? Why, my dear sir, the man is a millionaire.—Town Topics. Mrs. Boerum (hopelessly)—Mortimer. I can not make Willie mind. Mr. Boe rum (sternly)—William, do as yon* mother wishes, or I will make you go and sit in the cozy corner.—Brooklyn Eagle. The hero: "Who Is the hero of this piece?" asked the man who was com ing out of the theater. And the mana ger thoughtfully replied: "The man who is putting up the money."—Wash ington Star. ' Mrs. Murphy (to her husband, excit edly)—Run, run for the doctor, Pat. The child has swallowed the halfpenny you gave him to play with. Mr. Murphy— Oh, keep your mind easy, Bridget; It was a bad one, anyway.—Tit-Bits. "Is this a fast train?'' asked a passen ger, who was tired of sitting at a sta tion at which the train was not sup posed to stop. "Of course it is," was the guard's reply. "I thought so. Would you mind my getting out to see what it Is fast to?" Auastasia—Didn't I bury Mike, didn't I bury Tim, didn't I bury James and Jack?—so I think, William, it would be wiser for me not to marry again. Wil liam—Chance me, Anastasia, dear. Who knows but the tables may be turned this time!—Ex. \ "Lizzie, does yo' hab dat Joyful feelin' in yo' bones dat's always de forerunner of'possum for dinner?" "Um. I never believes we's gwine ter have 'possum till l iiab dat joyful feelin' in my stom ach which is de after-runuer of habing had him."—Life. He lived untimely: "I have often thought of what an unfortunate fellow Jonah was." "How's that?" "Why, It he hud turued that whale trick in the twentieth century, he'd have been in every soap advertisement in the civiliz ed world."—Denver Times. "It used to be my ambition," said the busines smnn, "to accumulate a fortune and then retire." "Well," answered the friend, "haven't you realized it?" "No. I've got the money, but I don't dare re tire. I've got to stay awake night and day to keep somebody from getting It away from me."—Washington Star. "Some of those foreign dishes on the dinner menu were a puzzle to me," con fided the First Seasick-Passenger to the Second Seasick-Passenger, as they stood conveniently near the rail. "Puz zles?" asked the Second Seasick-Pas senger; "I guess they were, but I gave them all up long ago."—Baltimore American. "1 really don't know what to do," said the vivacious woman. "It is very difficult to please the world." "What is tlie difficulty?" asked her husband. "People are so unreasonable in their comments. If you tell all you bear they say you are a gossip, and if you don't, they say you are stupid and common place."—Washington Star. "Where was the battle of Santiago fought?" asked the teacher. "Well," replied the wise youth, "it was begun near Santiago, Cuba." "And where was it ended?" "It isn't ended yet, but it is expected that the finish will take place and the final victory be announc ed at Washington, D. C., where the fighting is still going on."—Chicago Post. "Yes," said Farmer Corntossel, "our boy Josiah is devotin' a good deal of time to games an' light literature jes' at present." "Isn't that a rather un profitable pursuit?" "Yes. But, you see, all the eabluet offices an' big diplo matic places are filled, so 1 reckon Josiah feels that there ain't much else fur him to do at preseuL"—Washing ton Star. Wife—Henry, can't you let me have some money to-day? Husband—What did you do with that dollar I let you have last week? Wife (good-naturedly) —Well, I bad to have a new bonnet and a heavier wrap, and Willie and Katie needed new Bboes, and John bad to have a new suit, and Frank a new bat; and Caroline needed a new gown, and Mary a pair of gloves, and David an overcoat—and—and—and really, Henry, I don't remember what I did with the change.—Detroit Journal.