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Proférions Overcrowded? Law ; -J': i ! ! 1 ! ■ *On the first of January there were •enough lawyers In Chicago to fill four •full regiments in the United States ^army, soys the Tribune. The exact Hgure was 4,403. At the same time «there were practically 1,000 less physi cians, which allowed one doctor to ev W*y 500 people, so that it is plain that lawyers have a worse prospect before them than those who follow medicine. During th year 1900, which is the lat *ast year for which figures are avail able, 140 members of the bar in Chica go left the profession for some other line of work. During the same period forty lawyers died and twenty went ■Mit of practice for one reason or anoth er, making a total of 200 less lawyers lin Chicago than in January, 1900. Dur iing the sama period, however, 350 new ^lawyers hung out their shingles in Chi cago, so that there actually at least 150 >more attorneys in the city than there "were one year ago. It is estimated that during 1900 the ^average income of the attorneys of the •city did not exceed $750. One lawyer, "Who has been more than ordinarily successful, and whose average income for the last few years has been more than $4,000 a year, declares that, the average of his professional brethren «does not exceed $500 a year. The sec retary of one of the leading law schools •of the city estimates that the income <of the lawyers of Chicago averages 91,000 a year. Striking an average be tween them the figure of $750 is reach ed. Even with an average of $1.000 a ^ear It Is to be considered that at least 2,000 of the mem bers of the legal profession in Chi cago do not make as much as the in come of a brick masons under the union scale. It is estimated, that perhaps six or eight lawyers in Chicago average $40,000 a year, while a large num ber touch the $30, *.V AS ISUIUHCI / G *000 mark. A considerable number of lawyers, who count themselves among 'the successful, make between $10,000 «and $20,000 a year, while the attorney "who can figure up $5,000 a year is by mo means to be despised. This leaves «a startlingly small amount as the av erage of the less fortunate half of the legal profession. Ko the man who looks at the subject Xrom an unprejudiced standpoint it Would seem that the legal profession is «already greatly overcrowded. That ilawyers take the same view of the sit uation is shown by the changes which have been made within recent years in the matter of requirements for admis sion to the bar Under the rule which prevailed but a few years ago it was only necessary for an applicant to ap pear in open court and pass a so-called •examination, which was supervised by «a few members of the bar appointed Tor the purpose, and which, in many cases, was based chiefly on the pre vious acquaintance of the applicant with the examiners. A young man who had read law for a «couple of years in the office of a mem «ber of the bar had only to appear in 'court, under proper auspices, and state that he wanted to be admitted to have ills petition granted. The present rule, which was adopted by the Supreme «Court of the State in 1897, only four .years ago, provides that every appli cant for admission tÇf the bar must present credentials showing that he is «a man of good moral character; that he 4a a graduate of one of the high schools •of the State or possesses an equivalent •education, and that he has studied law «for at least three years. It is also pro vided that all or at least part of the •examination shall be written. As a matter of fact, it is said by lawyers To be ten times as hard to secure ad mission to the bar at present as it was w few years ago. HE GAVE TO THE WORLD. I I HI, Felt-Seeking Neighbor« All Called Him cceritric. , , « 1 Three years ago there died in o r •our Southern cities a man whose rules •of life were so differeut fr °™" *| .filsneighbors that most of them t H t film mad He lived in a spacious old house, sur rounded by a garden, which he laid bought forty years ago. Large blocks of business houses now hemmed it in, Jind he was offered a price for his lot which would have made him rich. But * 3ie would not sell It. "This Is home to my old wife," he «aid. "1 could not buy for her with the anoney you offer the comfort and con tent she has in her home and garden." "But you can make your sons rich," Ht was urged. "I do not want to make them rich," tie replied. His neighbors sold their lots, specu- lated, amassed large fortunes, pushed ithelr sons into politics or made them ■manuf acturers or brokers, that they «right amass still larger wealth. He r .H. of his boys working horticultur- es like himself. -«jt le • business which will give The conditions which prevail in Chi cago exist practically all over the Uni ted States. And at the same time the increase in the number of law students and of law graduates all over the coun try is nothing less than startling. In 1870 the total number of regularly en rolled law students in the United States was 1,653. In 1899 they numbered no less than 11,874. In the last named year the total number of graduates from law schools was 3,140, or nearly twice as many as was enrolled thirty years before. It is apparent, therefore, that while the difficulties of securing admission to the bar have in vv IN POLITICS. a in is he law pro the a ad was to creased by many fold within the lust quarter cen tury, the number of graduates has more than kept pace with It. In fact, there are at present more young lawyers ambitious to grow up with the coun try In proportion to population than that there were before the new rule went Into effect. But when a young lawyer has been admitted to the bar his troubles have only commenced. He has yet to ac quire in some way a practice which will at least pay his necessary living expenses. This task Is made harder by the fact that the so-called "ethics" of the legal profession are almost, If not quite, as hard to evade as those of the medical profession. A physician who advertises In the regular ways is damn ed, professionally speaking. A young lawyer faces the same condition. He must find his clients without ostensibly looking for them. One large class of lawyers combine with their regular legal business that of loaning money, buying notes, selling life, fire, plate glass, and other Insur ance. Many of them, in fact, find some one of these "side lines" so profitable that they never give it up and remain until the end more Insurance or loan agent than lawyer. Those who work out of the Insurance or loan business into the practice of the law find that they acquire in this way a wider ac quaintance than they could hope to get in the same length of time In a legal way. In a big city there are a number of legitimate schemes which are tried by young lawyers in their effort to ac quire a paying practice. One favorite method, particularly among men who come to town without any influential acquaintance, is to seek for preferment in a political way. The young lawyer who Is able tc get up on his feet and make a telling speech is always sure of an appreciative audience. He may get his name in the newspapers and if he is shrewd in a political way he may get some minor office which will bring him Into prominence, while his tongue tied brethren are still living on what they have saved. Another class of legal aspirants look for notoriety about the criminal courts. A young lawyer who can get as his client a celebrated criminal is certain of much notoriety, the value of which is dependent on his success in "living it down," while at the same time retain ing the prominence which it has given him. A third and one of the largest class of young limbs of the law in the large cities start as clerks In the offices of es tablished law firms. They often work for many years at salaries ranging from $40 a month upward, after they have been admitted to the bar, and as often as not are disappointed in their expectations of being admitted as part ners in the firm. With all these facts before them the ambitious young men of the country persist in crowding the law schools to a greater extent every year. The In crease of students In the law schools of the country from 1875 to 1899 was Is In no less than 343 per cent. them comfort, but not wealth," he said "In it, too, they will not be employed by other men, nor employ many hands, and so will be outside of any future auu ou >vm uc uaioiut; ui un v 1 lilUI'ü gt le i Jetween capital and labor in tbis *" untry „ i When he had gained a sum large ' enough to keep his wife from wanti lf she should survive him, he gave up his vineyard and gardens to his sons, and devoted the rest of his life to charitable work and to the culture of a new grape of a peculiarly fine flavor. When he had V " a '* ® ed d br ng g 1 t0 be Kave cuttings from it to all the poor horticulturists that he knew "A man," he spld, "should try to leave the world richer by something for his having been in it. Some men leave " ***** P » h«"* or ***** thoughts to IL I only have a grape to g,v ®' . He gave It with all his heart His neighbors, whose , business in life had been to gather great heaps of money, called him eccentric. Judged by all that is noble in life, who was more sane, he or they?__ You are pretty sure to have your opin ion respected If you criticise a singer's voice to another singer. «FINESTLAND OUT OF DOORS.» Million« of Acre* of Canadian T erri lory so e-cribs 1 by . revet r«. U. A. Hamilton and l.and Commis sioner Uritfiu have arrived in Win...peg after a three weeks' drive through 500 miles of what Mr. Hamilton says an American would call "the finest otock of land that lies out of doors." This land comprises about 25,000,000 acres and was covered by two men from We taskiwin through Battleford east, north to the Vermilion Lakes, across into the Blackfoot Hills, then to the Saskatche wan River, from there south to the Trapping Lake district and east again to Saskatoon. "The object of our journey," said Mr. Hamilton, speaking to a Free Press re porter, "was to note the resources and progress of this district for Intending ! settlers. Mr. Griffin had not been over j this ground before and It was to him a trip of great value on this account. I What we saw confirms the view I have j taken that here lies one of the richest j tracts of land In the world. We found ) that settlers have pushed their way in iod are located not only on land all 1 along the railway, but 10 miles on each | ! ! side of It. The soil In all parts we saw > Is of the richest, and timber and watei 1 plentiful, except an eastern tract lying south of Eagle Hills, where timber is scarce. In the Battleford district, ly- I Ing 120 miles from the railway, we ! found excellent fields of grain being grown, but in the majority of the farth est districts cattle raising is the chief industry. Settlers are pushing their way out from Calgary and Edmonton east as far as the Buck Lakes. 1U0 miles from the railway." Game throughout tills district, Mr. Hamilton states, was very plentiful— In fact too plentiful. "We were told that the prairie chickens were so thick." said Mr. Hamilton, "that disease among them had developed and they were dying off in thousands. This 1 am told, occurs about every seven years, when the ravages of the disease are much more destructive than that wrought by the hunters after feathered game. There Is no scarcity of fresh meats, however, and in many of the farming districts or ranching properties the owner has his own game preserves. "On this tract of 25.000.000 acres there Is no reason," concluded Mr. Hamilton, according to the W innlpeg Free Press, "why 500.000.000 bushels of wheat could not be raised and this will be the case some day not far dis tant." FOOTBALL STAR MARRIES. New Jersey society was greatly inter ested in the wedding of Miss Elizabeth Sill to William Heath Bannard. Every Princeton man who has watched "Billy" Bannard. the best halfback who ever wore the Tiger stripes of old Nas sau, make his twenty-five yards around the end toward the Yale goal line will congratulate him upon winning one of 4S* w MRS. ELIZABETH BANNARD. the ily to is the prettiest of the younger society set of New Jersey. She is a graduate of the Woman's College of Baltimore and a member of the Gamma Phi Beta, a leading wom an's college fraternity. The bride is tall and graceful, with chestnut hair and dark eyes. Her college popularity followed her when she came borne from Baltimore and made her debut two sea sons ago. Turned the Tables. A lecturer was once descanting on the superiority of nature over art, when an irreverent listener in the audience fired that old question at him: "How would you look, sir, without your wig?" "Young man," Instantly replied the lecturer, pointing his finger at him, "you have furnished me an apt illustra tion for my argument. My baldness »vu »v» b wu»'*«v«w in can be traced to the artificial habits of i our modern clv iii Z atlon. while the wig ' I am wearing"-bere he raised his voice lf till the windows shook—"is made of natural hair!" The audience testified Its appreciation of the point by loud applause, and the speaker was not Interrupted again, '* A Real Weeping Willow. One of the curiosities of an English resldence of I10b |i, ty is a weep ing wil of and so dexter0U8 . to ly fashioned that at a distance It re- sembles a real tree. It Is actually a for ghower batb f b ln R secret button, a tiny spray of water can be to made tQ burst fortb from every brancb 1 and twig, to the discomfort of any who ^ under lt ,___ Nearest Approach to the Poles, I Explorers have approached within he 238 miles of the north pole, but the nearest approach to the south has been 772 mllesi I —- 1 When a man quits abusing his rival It la a sign that he has his rival down, i%M\ m WOMEN OF THE NEW CENTURY. p en a t a Watteau escritoire. In Eu gland countesses and "ladyships" are very fond of penning mild essays on social questions, In which they amiably an d at great length say nothing, and even duchesses and royal highnesses plunge into print with poultry, needle wo rk and philanthropy as Inspirations, Lady Mary Sackvllle has written a book of verse, and Lady Helen has per potrated several novels. England as w - e ii as Germany claims the Countess cjp HE present century bids fair *o Mr be like the eighteenth one, one of & song and pretty verse-making and dabbling in literature by women great and small, from the blue stocking Inter ested In politics and suffrage to the lady who pens sonnets with a pearl-handled 1 ! von Arnlm of German garden fame, and Princess Beatrice of Battenberg has published papers on "cures" which she has taken In Germany. The French woman of high degree Is usually poetic, like those ancestresses of hers who wrote so daintily anent doves and lutes and hearts and despair. The Duchess de la Roche-Guyon Is a poet. Comtesse de Noallles writes songs and has made quite a stir by a book of verse called "Le Couer Innombra ble." Baroness de Bage writes love songs and songs of war. Countess Mar tel, well known as Gyp, cannot be In cluded In the twentieth century group, as she has been famous for many years. A most ambitious work on the French Revolution has recently been written by the Duchesse de Brlssac, who has util ized all the documents,, letters and eighteenth century souvenirs of her 0 wn and her husband's family to form a aeml-romantlc, seml-historlcal book, Helene Vacerasco, a young Rouma nlan noblewoman, has had her book of verses crowned by the French Acad em y i an( j when these same poems were translated Into various languages the work was undertaken by such social pghts as the Queen of Roumania, "Car men Sylva," and Countess Milana Val i eman i. Literature Is really becoming fashion able again, as It has been in every age of educated women from Sappho to Elizabeth, and from Elizabeth to Mme. de Sevlgne, George Sand, and Lady Blesslngton. Will Oct a ' ortone. Miss Ollle Tyson, the Todd County, Kentucky, girl who has fallen heir to $2,000.000 through her uncle, John Ty j i A MISS TYSON son, who died re cently in Austra lia, is one of Ken tucky's prettiest young women. She is about 20 years old and resided at Hopkinsville with relatives until the past few years, when she removed with them to Todd County. She is of the brunette type, and while in school was pronounced a beauty. Her educa tion was completed at the South Ken tucky College. Most of the Tyson fain-' ily resides In Texas. John Tyson never married. He went to Australia some fifteen years ago and amassed a fortune. For more than year attorneys there have been searching for Ills heirs. The family knew nothing of his wealth and had never heard of his death. The estate is valued at $40.000,000. Wben Huy n r "People would find less difficulty with ready-made shoes," says an experienced salesman, "If they would stand up to fit them on, Instead of sitting down. Nine persons out of ten, particularly ladles, want a comfortable chair while they are fitting a shoe, and It Is with the greatest difficulty you can get them to stand for a few minutes even after the shoe Is fitted. Then, when they begin walking about they wonder why the shoes are not so comfortable as they were at first trial. A woman's foot Is considerably smaller when she sits In a chair than when she walks about. Ex ercise brings a larger quantity of blood Into the feet, and they swell apprecia bly. The muscles also require certain space. In buying shoes this fact should be borne In mind." Vu'arnritv. The essence of all vulgarity lies In want of sensation. Simple and inno- cent vulgarity Is merely an untrained and undeveloped bluntness of body and mind; but in true, Unbred vulgarity, there is a dreadful callousness which In extremity becomes capa- ble of every sort of bestial habit and crime without fear, without pleasure, without horror, without pity. It Is In the blunt hand and the dead heart, in the hardened conscience, that men become vulgar; they are forever vulgar, precisely in proportion as they are Incapable of sympathy, of quick understanding, of all that, In deep In- sistence on the common but most accu- rate term, may be called the "tact," the touch faculty of body and soul, fineness and fullness of sensation be- j ---------- yond reason, the guide and sanctifier bf reason Itself.—John Buskin. Train Boy« to Be Orderly, "It is a curious fact," commented a man recently, "that almost no mother realizes the Importance of bringing her son up to orderly habits. She Impresses I upon her daughters from the time they 1 are old enough to recognize any respon 8 i b mty the necessity to keep their jg^mg tidy, put away articles after use, and care for their belongings at all times. The boy, however, Is exempt from any similar requirements, not only in his own room, but throughout the house. He reads newspapers and throws thém on the floor, gets up from a divan leaving the cushions packed and shapeless, without the slightest re proof, the only notice taken of the oc currenee, Indeed, being to ask a sister, If he has one, to pick up the one and straighten the other. The women of the famlly follow in his footsteps aU day long, removing whatever disorder he creates. Yet there Is no business occu patlon upon which that boy will pres ently enter In which order Is not a fun damental necessity. Girls, on the other hand, do not, as a rule, suffer so serious ly from a lack of order, or at least con sequences are not so continually dis agreeable and costly as is the c&se with boys." -*- I Too Bust to Be Kind. I sometimes think we women nowa days are in danger of being too busy to be really useful." said an old lady, thoughtfully. "We hear so much about making every minute count, an! al ways having some work or course of study for spare hours, and having onr activities all systematized that there is no place left for some wayside kind nesses. We go to see the sick neighbor and relieve the poor neighbor, but fot the common everyday neighbor who has not fallen by the way, so far as we can see, we haven't a minute to spare. But everybody who needs a cupful of cold water Isn't calling the fact out to the world, and there are a great many little pauses by the way that are no waste of time. The old-fashioned ex change of garden flowers over the back fence and a friendly chat about domes tic matters helped to brighten weary days and brought more cheer than many a sermon. We ought not to be too busy to Inquire for the girl away at school, or to be interested in the letter from the boy at sea. It is a comfort to the mother's lonely heart to feel that somebody else cares for that which means so much to her. Especially we ought not to be too busy to give and receive little kindnesses In our home." May no one be able to say of us tha» we are too busy to be kind. What Wom-n Like. The casual every-day accomplish ments of a man have much to do with women's liking, and first of all comes savoir faire, says a writer in the Cos mopolitan. He may or may not be what is rather vulgarly described as "a so ciety man," yet he must understand and be familiar with the myriad little usages that form society's unwritten law. To be at ease In any set, to be equal to emergencies, to carry off an awkward situation with urlmuity and perfect self-possession—this faculty wins unstinted admiration from a I woman. And then there are the things that go with this knowledge of the p ro p er tiling to do, the little courtesies, tbe de n cate and tactful attentions that u , ean everything and nothing, the abil tty to order n d | nner properly, to make tb | ngs g0 0 ff smoothly, to carry out a plan without a blunder or a jar, the carr i age ready at the proper moment, the dowers specially arranged, the rlgbt seats at tbe theater, everything foreseen, every possible occurrence pro vlded for, every want anticipated, ev ery contretemps avoided. ! Women ; n Bns'n«««. The remark Is often made that wom- en "know nothing of business." In regard to a lnrge majority of women whose business it Is to engineer happy homes this statement is untrue. It is also unjust to thousands of sensible women who are necessarily compelled to take care of themselves and their families, and who have ably demon- strated that they are capable of doing so with as much shrewdness and wis- dom ns men who are their peers. The mass of women show no business j knowledge In the methods of earning money, because there is some one to earn money for them, and to them is given the province of home. Women are likely to be contented with the care of the home so long as the support of the family is undertaken by men whose natural province it Is. When It becomes a woman's place to enter the business world she has In thousands of instances demonstrated that she has as keen wits as a man and is as capa- ble of receiving training In business.— New York Tribune. Mias Asrne«» M« QUI She is the private secretary of the Governor of New Jersey, and during the absence of the Chief Executive the other day she was acting Governor. NO PLACt LIKE HOME. That I* the Sentiment of Children of London'« Slum«. The children of London's slums think there is no place like home, be it ever so squalid and poverty-stricken. "They miss the Unining naphtha lamps, the winkle barrows, the hokey-pokey man and all the other things that have been their lifelong companions," said Father Stanton, of St. Alban's, Holborn. when asked by the Dally Mail representative how the children of the slums take to their summer outiugs in the country. "Then, too, they are afraid of the dark at night, and are lost in the day time In the country, continued the kindly faced, great-hearted friend of thousands of street Arabs and gutter gamins. They have all sorts of rea- son8 for preferring the city to the coun- try, and some of them are perfectly in- explicable. One little boy wrote to mo after his outing last year and suid he didn't like the country because while there a wasp had stung him. "Another youngster took a day at Brighton with me In preference to two weeks In the country, and could give no reason for his choice." It never entered the modest mind of this favor- lte of the slum children why It was. I "They like going out In vans best of all," the father went on, "and then they eat green fruit and thoroughly en joy themselves. But though they like the hubbub of tbe c | ty best, and are reaUy glad t0 get back to It their b pown cheeks and bright eyes tell a merry ta i e wben they return. Then you ghou i d bear \ he am uslng stories they tell, and you would see how their eramped ' war ped and stunted little mlndg bave 5een opened up by a gii mp8e of thg green wonderland they know so pitifully little about. Never m | nd wbat tbey say abou t it, it's the good tbe outing does them that we are a fter."—London Mall, The best way to advertise Is Just to advertise. Get at it with a view to hav ing the people know what you most de sire to sell, and Incidentally letting them know that the specified Items do not represent your full stock. Say In terestingthlngs about Interesting goods, and have the goods to talk. Men talk of the secret of successful advertising, but It Is all very plain. The essentials are to offer what people want, at fair prices, and to offer it In a way that will make readers know they want It. The art In writing an ad vertisement is to speak as the interest ed and well-informed merchant would speak to a prospective customer. The mere appearauce of a business man's name and address In every issue of a leading newspaper will do work to Increase his trade. Every business man, however, is able to give facts about bis establishment which will eucourage people to deal with him. To state such facts clearly in a newspaper Is the prin cipal secret of successful advertising. The idea that It takes a number of Impressions to make the average adver tisement effective is not new. Forty years ago an English advertiser said to ilie publisher of the Cornhlll Maga zine: "We don't consider that an ad , vertlsement seen for the first time by a reader Is worth much. The second time It counts for something. The third time the reader's attention is arrested; the fourth time he reads It through and thinks about It; the fifth makes a pur- chaser of him. It takes time to soak In." Insect Pests In Brazil. I should take a small gang of prac tical coffee plaliters from Ceylon with good digestions to be not afraid of ghlggars, ticks, and Berne files—to say nothing of tbe dear little mosquito. The writer bad extracted during four years ln Brazil no less than 200 gliig gars from underneath every toenail of both feet. The Portuguese. Brazilians, Italians, and Spaniards called lt a rec reation on Sunday to dig them out of each others' feet. Of all the vile In sects on earth, the Berne fly is the worst. She lays her eggs Inside your fiesli, and hatches three very ugly In sects au inch long, with three rings of bristles round the body and sharp nip pers. They take about six weeks to develop under your skin; then com mence to turn somersaults Just when you want to go to sleep after a hard day's work ln the sun. The natives of Brazil adopt a novel way of extracting the brute when full grown; they tie on a piece of raw pork nud the Berne comes out of your skin and takes a header Into the piece of pigskin.—Cey lon Observer. A Doubtful Compliment. Lady—1 always come out so plain In my photographs—plainer even than 1 am! Photographer (gallantly)—Oh, mad ame, that Is impossible!—Moonshine. Boston and Philadelphia. The realty valuation of Boston ($902, 000,000), with a population of 560,000, is more than that of Philadelphia ($892,000,000), with a population of L 300,000. Probably the firm establishment of the golden rule Is due to the fact that the exception proves the rule. Every man may have hla price, bat tbe market la apt to be overatacked.