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The Western news. (Stevensville, Mont.) 1890-1977, December 18, 1901, Image 3

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Ptorincr l'nrni Tools,
It would seem as If It were unneces
sary to urge farmers to take care of
their tools, yet during a recent trip of
less than 150' miles a writer in the In
dianapolis News says he counted no
less than twenty tools of various kinds
exposed to the rain and sun. These
were seen from the windows of a
swiftly moving train, so that it is safe
to say that, including the farms a mile
distant from the railroad, there were
more than two hundred tools out of
doors that ought to have been under
cover. After such a sight it was a re
lief to reach a farm where the tools
were well cared for. On the farm in
question was a long, narrow building
devoted entirely to a storage place for
tools and a repair shop. After each tool
was used it was put under the shed,
and during the winter all of the wood
work was thoroughly painted and all
of the metal that had rusted was sand
papered. There was a small anvil in the
part of the structure devoted to re
pairs, a bench with both iron and wood
vises, drawers divided into compart
ments for bolts, screws, nails and nuts
of various sizes and a very fair set of
carpenter's tools. The owner claimed
that this repair shop had saved its cost
«very year in blacksmith's bills, and
that by caring for his tools he was not
only able to do better work with them,
but they were in shape for good use
for many years longer than they had
been neglected.
False Economie* in Sirming,
For some renson nearly every farmer
considers that he must economize in
the matter of seeds. If he does not
make the mistake of buying cheap
•seeds, that is, seeds low in price but
poor in quality, he tries to save on the
quantity with the result that he loses
in the crop. In the sowing of grass
seeds, for example, in which clover
has a part, how many farmers have
blamed the clover seed dY claimed that
the soil was "clover sick," when the
only trouble was he did not use enough
seed. As a rule, the catalogues of seeds
men are safe guides to the quantity
of seed necessary with grass seed.
Then there is the fertilizer economy
and here economy is practiced both in
quantity and in kind. That is, the farm
er will find that a certain fertilizer, ap
plied in moderate quantities, has im
proved the wheat yield and ever after
be uses the snme amount and the same
kind in growing wheat, forgetful of the
fact that he Is taking from the soil in
the crop other plant foods which he is
not returning. Result, a worn-out soli.
Look into the question of these and
other economies and see if they really
are economies.
n«rn Boor Protect«-.
A simple device will keep out the cold
and prevent ice and snow from freezing
around the bottom of the barn door. Y
board long enough to reach across the
door has end pieces fitted in to form a
tiny water-shed, strips of hoop iron be
ing used to secure the board to the
door. The strip of board used should
be of some light but tough material,
which will not add much to the weight
of the door. While this appliance ls be
ing put on another protection might be
added, in the shape of a weather strip
placed on the door in such a manner
that it will cover the crack between
the door and the casing when the door
Is closed.
Cleantn* Bngry nad Harne*-.
The method used by one farmer and
one which makes it possible to perform
the work without soiling one's gar
ments to any disagreeable extent is
He first removes all cushions, cur
tains, etc., dusts well and cleanses
leather or rubber parts. The next is to
place the buggy on two trestles and re
move the wheels to a watering trough,
which is beneath a large willow tree.
Spray the buggy. Then turn the wheels
around In the trough. At the same time
remove all earthy matter that is soaked
enough not to scratch the varnish. The
wheels, or any part, must not be kept
wet long or the paint will acquire a
whitish color, in which case a little lin
seed oil on a soft rag can be used with
good effect, after the paint has been
thoroughly dried.
When the wheels are clear of mud
rinse with dear water and set la the
shade to drip off while the remainder
of the rig is attended to. Wash in the
same way. Wipe with a cloth wrung
out of clean water and polish with a
soft lintless rag. Well-worn ginghams
are good for this purpose. Wipe all
drops off the wheels with a clean, well
wrung cloth and follow with a dry one.
Clean all gummy substance from the
spindles and inside the hubs. Oil spin
dies and put wheels securely on.
Fnll Pruning.
As to whether fall or spring Is the
best time for pruning there is a dis
agreement among fruit growers. One
thing we have found out, howev°r
when it is necessary to remove a limb
of considerable size, an inch or over in
diameter, the best time is September
and October. Wounds made at that
season, though they may not heal over
as quickly ns at some other times, will
never decay. Owing no doubt to the
ripe condition of the wood, the cut sur
face dries and becomes as hard as bone.
We have tested this for many years
and know It to be so.
In all pruning particular care should
be used to make smooth cuts. No stubs
should be left sticking out. It is sur
prising to observe in passing along the
road how frequently this important
rule is disregarded, and that, too. by
persons who profess to understand the
business. Apother Important point is
the removal of all dead and decaying
_____. Another "is to "cut "off on^the
least desirable one, of course—of the
branches of every fork in order to pre
vent the tree from splitting when load
ed with frunit.—National Stockman.
The Great Rnbv Strawberry.
Strawberry growers can test new va
rieties most quickly by setting out pot
grown plants during August.
plants, has
set at the time n- life
diented. will bear
a full crop of fruit
the next season,
and if one has
only a few plants
he will be able by
this method to test hy
the variety a u d
ascertain beyond
a doubt whether
it is suitable for
the soil and the
climate In which
it is planted. The
Great Ruby, which
was introduced last season, and whicn
has proved very satisfactory to all who
have grown it, is a healthy, vigorous
grower, and remarkably productive.
The berries are large, uniform in
shape, deep crimson in color, and of
fine flavor. It is mid-season in time of
ripening, hence the blossoms can bo
fertilized by any of the perfect bloSsoin
sorts so numerous among the mid-sea
son varieities. One feature of the plant
is its deep-rooting qualities, which
must of necessity make it somewhat
independent of dry weather.—Indian
apolis News.
Th-> Hojr's SwtU.
Sun-baked swiit in filthy barrels;
swill that is fermented into the sharp
est acid and putrefied into a disgusting
mass; swill that attracts myriads of
carrion-loving flies. Is not tit for the
hogs. It is full of miasma and disease
germs of various kinds, and hence it is
dangerous to feed it, says the Farm, is
Stock and Home. Pleasantly soured
swill—swill thnt Is mildly acid—is all of
right, but It should not be allowed to
pass that stage before it is fed: and in
hot weather it gets past that stage very ^
quickly. It is not easy to look after such
things carefully in the rush of all kinds
of work at this season, and some can
not receive such suggestions with pa
tience, which is not surprising, but for
all that it will pay to give some
thoughts to the pigs. It will not be
regretted at their harvest time.
Hint* for the Horseman.
Use land plaster in the stalls to ab
sorb the ammonia.
Poor feeding will make a weak colt
and unsound limbs. i
Watch the colt's feet and keep them
straight with a rasp.
Never allow any one to tease the
colts. Teasing Invariably makes a
vicious horse.
Handle the colt every day. Handle
his legs and pick up his feeL A petted,
well-handled colt will make a gentle
Give the colts and horses all the sun
shine in the stables that Is possible. A
dark, damp stable will cause rheuma
tism, and ls conducive to all sorts of
Better than a slat door or drop bar
across a door to keep horses In or out,
bore a hole through one door post and
nearly through the other. Slip in a piece
of inch or larger Iron pipe. It is easy
to slide it to pass in and out
Put a well-fitted leather halter on the
colt's head with a short strap attached.
Several times each day take hold of this
strap and bold him or pull him around.
In a short time he will be halter broken
without the straining of a fight If tied
up at once.
The teeth of both young and old
horses often need attention when they
do not get anything of the kind. Ef
fects are thus produced that are some
times attributed to altogether different
Influences. No wonder that a horse with
teeth constantly disordered becomes g
hone of confirmed bad temper.
Mary Showing Love Even for Serpents
I in an Animal Keeper.
That love for even the accursed and
despised of the animal tribes that de
j velops in men who have made this field
i their life study was never better illus
trated, says the New York Times, than
by a story an animal hunter tells about
Curator Dittmars of the reptile house
In the New York Zoological park.
"When Dittmars and 1 were hunting
snakes down in South Carolina we
heard of an old stager of a rattler in
the vicinity to which people thereabout
had given the name of 'Old Dave.' Old
Dave was sly and never showed hlm
se ^ * n the daytime, but at night came
ou t and warmed himself in the baked
sand of the roadway. His six-inch wide
trail which was in evidence the next
however, where only a quick shot with
a gun could have (etc hed hlm. I had
day showed the old fellow must have
been a whopper.
"It was not until the day before that
set for our return to New York that we
had a fair chance to catch him. He
got away from us to a heap of rock,
my gun ready and was about to fire
when Dittmars knocked the barrel up
" 'Don't do that,' he said, 'let the poor
devil life if you can't catch him alive.'
"For the moment there was a hot ex
change of words, but the snake was
lost to us and mournfully we got on the
train for New York. Several hours la
ter Dittmar said: 'Jerry, maybe you
do not feel as I do about Old Dave, but
when I get back to New York I will be
glad to know that somewhere down in
Carolina that fine old specimen is loose
and is having a good time. If you had
killed him it would have spoiled all my
desire for ever going back there to
hunt. Walt till you've been in the busi
ness awh,le and > ou w11 ' 1 , ear l n , how
the muc ^ Pl easure may be derived from
preserving rather than taking the life
of a dumb animal.' "
Wealthy Banker, Who Is the New Lord
Mayor o' S.ondon.
Sir Joseph Cockfleld Dimsdale, the
newly elected Lord Mayor of London,
has long been a figure in the municipal
life of the British metropolis and is well
known for his connection with the
great banking firm of Dimsdale, Cave
Tugwell & Co., the leading financial
house of the city of Prescot. He was
born within sound of Bow Bells in 1849,
and In 1891 made his debut in politics
hy his election as alderman for Corn
hill. Since then he has occupied the
usual preparatory offices which serve
as steps to the mayoralty. These are
the places of sheriff and member of the
London council. Last year Sir Joseph
was elected a member of Parliament,
The new lady mayoress was formerly
Miss Beatrice Holdsworth, and she was
married to Sir Joseph in 1S73, the occa
sion being one of social Importance. It
is said that this couple ls pre-eminently
fitted to discharge the society functions
of the municipal corporation.
Woman for Whom E lmuad Yatea 8uf*
farad Iai>rl<oaaent,
The Countess of Stradbrooke, whose
death has taken place In London, was
the peeress who was the cause of the
arrest of Edmund
Yates, the Anglo
American Journal
ist who was the
proprietor and ed
itor of the London
World. It was on
her account that
he was convicted
of criminal libel
and sentenced to a
year's Imprison
ment. Yates could
have escaped the penalty by giving the
name of the writer of the libelous para
graph. The libel in question was a par
agraph for which there was not a shad
ow of foundation and which originated
in the lively imagination of the Count
ess. The countess was Miss Helena
Fraser, daughter of Gen. Keith Fraser,
of the British army, and was married
to the Earl of Stradbrooke in July, 1898.
Small Pay for Ivan Ivauovitch.
The Russian soldier ls wretchedly
paid. He ls the worst paid soldier in
Europe, and, therefore, has a very hard
time during his four years of service,
unless his good folk 6 at home- are in
clined to be generous. The Infantry
soldier is paid about 10 cents a month,
and the cavalry soldier only a little
more. Sergeants receive about 50 cents
a month, and young ofllcers from $15 to
$50, according to their regiments. The
higher officers are also very poorly paid
by comparison to officers of rank in oth
er armies.—Pearson's Magazine.
Bwltserlasd's Export of Watches.
Switzerland's export of watches last
year broke the record, It consisted of
2,366,426 nickel watches, 8,086,777 sil
ver and 800,258 gold watches, besides
nearly 7,000 chronographs and repeat
HE artistic faculty is one of the
Inherited traits of woman. It is
betrayed in her earliest efforts at
adornment of her person and surround
ings. It is the temperament of woman,
as well as her natural birthright, to
guard the beautiful in life, and to make
her whole existence a visible manifes
tation of it. Civilization has given to
her opportunities in this direction de
nied her in the past. She has been
emancipated from the slavery of condi
tions which narrowed and destroyed
these possibilities of personal expres
sion born within her. Yet even in
barbaric times she was not blind to the
influence of personal adornment. The
evolution of her dress may have been
from the rude blanket and wild boar's
skin to the modern silks and furs of un
rivaled beauty and picturesqueness;
but there were always, even in the be
ginning, a method of wearing the gar
ments that betrayed the dormant gifts.
She could be artitstic even with the
simplest nnd rudest of garments.
The art of dress becomes a factor of
importance, not only in the life of the
woman who devotes her time to it, but
In all those who associate with her.
The expression of her artistic tempera
ment may be manifested in no other
way than that of dress, and yet she
may produce an effect of immeasur
able importance on the world. It is
hardly consistent to belittle the effect
of woman's dress even when carried
to an extreme, and thoughts of it ab
sorb all other considerations of life.
The painter is justified, according to
human standards, in devoting all of his
time and strength to the production of
beauty on his canvas; and the poet is
considered legitimately employed if he
merely strives to express in the highest
artistic form those thoughts and emo
tions of love which come to him in the
highest degree. The decorator, the mu
sician and the singer are all appealing
to the sense of sight or hearing
through beautiful forms of sound.
The woman who understands the art
of personal adornment finds gratifica
tion of artistic expression in her dress.
She studies it from many points of
view; considers the harmony of colors
and style; views herself apart from her
personality and environments; and
finds in the whole work a service of
love which is little lower than that
which the poet or painter feels for his
productions. Dress performs the dou
ble task for woman of adorning her
and of conserving her health; it should
be antagonistic to neither. It should be
the outer expression of her mind and
temperament, and at the same time
consistent with the laws of health and
strength.—Ledger Monthly.
strength.—Ledger Monthly.
Concerning the latest points in dress
making a fashionable modiste says:
"The long waist ls to be worn. To get
It the bodice must be pulled down, not
up. Cut the goods from a perfect pat
tern and baste. Try on. You will find
that there ls something wrong, as a
general thing, ou the shoulders and
across the bust. Pad the bust if too
loose, but for the shoulder treatment
pull the waist down, not up. Pull down
as far as you can and fit In at the side
seams. Do not lift it on the shoulder
seams if you can possibly help it. Keep
on pulling down and pinning in, and ouly
very soon you will have a well-flttlng cases
wal8t. I pear
In plain materials there are plenty of : she
serges, and same with herringbone
weaving in pnstel shades, reps, chev
iots, satin cashmeres of all colors, light
and dark, fancy cheviots with zibeline
effects on fancy weaving, as well as
the plain, good cashmeres always in
demand, but now apparently returning
to special favor. Rich and soft are
panne cloths, for which there is a uni
versal demand in grays, violets, navy
and other shades. They are so silky,
soft and charming it is not wonderful
they have had so great a following,
and are likely to continue it.
For Thin Neck*.
In a little jiorcelaln kettle melt one
half ounce of cocoa butter and tw r o
ounces of lanolin. At night rub on to
the throat, sending the Unger tips
round in small circles, pressing inward
to revive circulation in the under layer
of muscles. Follow with upward
strokes with the fingers flat, holding
np the ebin well and sweeping up the
AÇter ten minutes of this, go in for
exercise treatment Take the soldier's
position of chin np, chest out heels
together, hips back. Place the hands
on the hips. Hold the shoulders firm
and straight and allow the head to
drop first to one side and then to the
other. Do this for five minutes. Inhal
ing and exhaling deeply and slowly.
Dnm the head forward, than back aa
far as it will go. Do this for five min
utes. Wipe away as much of the de
veloping cream as you can with a dry
flannel cloth and go to bed. 1 |
In the morning bathe with cold water ;
dashing the water on the throat and
chest with a big sponge. Rub briskly I
with a coarse towel. Breathe deeply, j
You 11 feel like hurling the furniture
around and you will be buoyant and i
clear-headed. |
The purpose of exercise is to develop j
and fill out the flaccid muscles. 1 he
muscles form the foundation for the
nice little fatty cushions that make a
throat and chest plump and beautiful.
—Mme. Qui Vive. j
Woman A»«i*t»nt !
Miss Ida Belle Sanders, the only as
sistant woman pastor in St. Louis, is a
chartning little lady of the Southern
brunette type, who j
has already won j
her way into the j
hearts of the flock j
of the Wagoner
Methodist Episco
pal Church. She is
a graduate of the !
training school for j
deacones ses at !
Washington and:
admirably fitted
for the duties she
will fill in her new post of assistant
pastor. These will be largely concern
ed with the children's work of the
church, with the young people, with
visitations to the homes of the mem
bers and with the Sunday school and
young people's societies.
The Smile Cure for the Blae».
Tlie smile cure for blues is the latest
remedy and It is the suggestion of a
physician who has made a specialty of
nervous diseases. His experiments are
said to have resulted satisfactorily in
numerous cases. "If you keep the cor
ners of the mouth turned up you can't
feel blue," is his dictum, and his direc
tions are "Smile, keep on smiling, don't
stop smiling." When his patient is
suffering from melancholia without any
bodily ill he gives no medicine, but just
recommends the smile cure. He tirst
experimented on his wife, who was of
a nervous and rather morbid tempera
ment, and he used to jokingly say,
"Smile a little,' until the saying came
to be a household joke. The result was
so good, however, that the doctor de
termined to try its effects on his other
patients. "Laugh and the world laughs
with you," Is a familiar adage, design
ed to keep folks in good humor and
spirits, and if just smiling will cure
melancholia then it were worth while
for morbid mortals to make an effort
to keep on smiling, even though it does
sound somewhat ridiculous.
Girl* and Their Interest».
A trick of preserving flowers in sand
is worth trying at the seashore and
bringing a supply of sand home for
winter use. Fine, clean sand must he
used, washed if not perfectly clean,
and when dry sifted through a tine
sieve into a rather deep pan or other
vessel. When the sand Is deep enough
to hold the flowers upright, m6re of the
sifted sand is tilled in around them
with a spoon. Care should be taken
not to break or bend the leaves and to
see that no little holes or Interstices are
left unfilled about the flowers. When
they are covered thus carefully, so as
to be entirely invisible, the pan is set
away to dry for several days; they
must be taken out with great care as
the leaves are dry and brittle. Ferris
and flat flowers like pansies are suc
cessfully treated in this way. Flowers
in cup shapes are laid lengthwise in
the sand, the spaces in and around
them carefully tilled in to make the
pressure even and exclude all air.
New York'» Woman Lawyer.
Miss Mary Coleman, the only woman
lawyer who has practiced at the New
York criminal bar,
declares that the|
ouly kind of criminal
cases she cares to ap
pear lu are murder
trials. All others.
she says, are uninter
Miss Coleman
achieved distinction
recently by lier de
fense of "Lamplight
er" John Davis. Her
expertness in cross
examining had a
great deal to do with
bringing about the miss coi.eman.
defendant's acquittal in this case.
Swect-Smelilnsr Booms.
A delicate and pleasant odor may be
diffused in one's room by orris root in
powder form put in little vases and
sprayed with water to keep It moist.
Tills will give the odor of fresh violets
if the powder is of good quality, not
too old when bought, and changed fre
quently. The orris root, too, gives
about the most delicate and agreeable
perfume to one's bureau drawers. The
tiny Japanese bonbonnières, or vases,
are good receptacles for the orris pow
For Vert Oily Hair.
Melt a small bar of castlle soap in
a quart of water, boiling down to one 5
pint, cooling and adding one pint of
bay rum, one tablespoonful of pure
borax, thirty grains of Msulphate of
quinine. Keep in a glass Jar, and use
three tablespoonfuls each time, or Is
more If necessary. When the hair gets 1
stringy sponge with dilated alcohol,
British and German officers Send Horn*
Valuable Specimens.
I Lieut. Boyd Alexander, rifle brigade.
• who is well known at South Kensing
ton (London) museum for his studies of
birds in Africa, has just returned from
the west coast with what is believed to
be the finest collection ever obtained
on active service.
Over a thousand specimens of West
African birds, killed by himself and his
na ^j ve collector during the campaign
1 | n Ashanti, were brought back by Lieut.
; Alexander,
.. Tllis , g the biggest collection of
I b j rdg ever brought out of Africa at one
j time » he sald t0 a London Mail repre
geutative. "I have been collecting in
i ^f r i c . a now for nine or ten years. One
| has to be a specialist nowadays.
j ,. lt ls a plty that the government does
n0 f i us j s t ou officers in out-of-the-way
partg of the world collecting birds and
a other tllingg -phe German officers do
gQ already The colonial office at Berlin
j obliges all its officers to collect natural
! history specimens whether they like it
or not, and though their work is in
a many cases rough and ready it is bet
ter than nothing.
j "We know very little about the birds
j in the great bend of the Niger and
j Hausaland, and absolutely nothing of
j those in the regions around Lake Chad
and Darfur. There is not a doubt that
when these great areas come under in
is vestigation it will be found that one
! great zoographical region exists from
j uortheastern Africa right across to the
at ! west coast. When I have finished ex
amiuing my collection of birds they
may throw considerable light on the
"Marching with the relief force to
Kumasl I left my native collector at
Prahsu, where he formed the nucleus
of the collection. As the country be
came more settled he gradually worked
his way up to Kumasi, making collec
tions at each station on the lines of
à.Ti »il
All is not old that embitters.
Marriages are not always unhappy.
The ideal husband is the man who
hasn't got married yet.
Marrying a drunkard to reform him is
like frying fish to make beefsteak out
of It.
Tenitence nearly always peeks be
tween the fingers which It bolds to Its
When a woman ls dead sure that she
has a man she is never dead sure that
she wants him.
Engaged people are always in other
people's way, but not so much as other
people are in their way.
A woman is never so much afraid she
may lose a man's love as she is that
some other woman may gain it.
No matter how much of a past a man
had had, there are always some women
who can teach him more than he knew
before.—New York Press.
Tlie woman who sheds the most tears
in the theater where the heroine is pur
sued by wicked slander is the one who
pulverizes the reputation of her nearest
neighbor the next day.
Out of 30,000 designs submitted by
artists and others In the recent compe
tition, the judges appointed by the gov
ernment selected the design here
shown as the flag of the Australian
commonwealth. It has the union jack
in the top left-hand corner, while im
mediately under this ls a six-pointed
star, emblematic of the six federated
States. The other half of the flag de
picts the southern cross. Blue is to be
the government and official color, and
the merchant marine will use the flag
with a red ground.
Not Customary.
One morning l told an old colored
man who lived near that our school
had grown so large that it would be
necessary for us to use the henhouse
for school purposes, and that I wanted
him the next day to help me give it a
thorough cleaning. He replied In the
most earnest manner: "What yon
. „ ,
boss : * OU sholy alu * gw ne
clean out de henhouse ln de day
time?"—From Booker T. Washington's
"Up from Slavery." ,
Britons Growing Taller.
It ls affirmed that no nation is In
creasing so rapidly In height and
weight as the British. In fifty years
the average height has risen from 5 ft
7% In. to 5 ft. 8 % Ins. The aversgs
height of the criminal class is but 5 ft.
5 4.5 j n8>
No, Indeed!
"No news is good news," some folks say»
And yet we can't conceive it
Is Ukely they could make, to-day,
An editor believe it.
—Philadelphia Press.

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