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CHANGES BEING WROUGHT IN THE OIL COUNTRY.
f X 'BILL' DTTOmJm - FAmR' Jir mim j. ditchwateä - cd. rwGWic A WONDERFUL CLOCK. Contains 2,200 Parts and Required Many Years to Complete. One of the most remarkable clocks In the world, eclipsing perhaps the fa mous timepiece in the cathedral at Strasburg, has been completed by a poor German weaver. Twenty-four years ago he began his labors, and al though he had a grant from the Em peror he was reduced to beggary be fore his great work was finished. The strain upon him was so great that his friends declared him Insane and he was for a time confined in a lunatic asylum. The clock is a wonderful piece of mechanism. It tells the day, the month, the season, the year, the signs of the Zodiac, the phases of the moon, and the positions of the stars. It also foretells eclipses of the sun and moon, and presents a perpetual calendar. Like its great Strasburg prototype, the clock Is embellished withm many automatic figure«. Two angels strike the quar ters; there are also figures representing the angel of death and the four ages of man. At the striking of the full hour jan angel appears bearing the hour glass, while another blows a trumpet « A WONDERFUL CLOCK. I On the left side of the clock Is a cock, which five minutes before noon flaps Us wings, stretches its neck, and crows. Spring U symbolized by a cuckoo, and summer by a quail; while autumn is represented by a bull at the feet of St. Luke, and winter by the lion of St. ; Mark. All these creatures utter their I appropriate cries. At noon and mid- ; night a figure of the Savior appears, ac companied by his twelve apostles. There are also musical chimes which 1 play melodies after the "even" hours, j Not content with his tremendous labors, the inventor, Herr Julius Spath, has written three volumes descriptive of his clock. The work consists of 2.200 parts. 142 of which are wheels. Each part is it self a masterpiece. All the wheels, legs, levers and bridges are the con structor's own handiwork, and are or namented with flowers and creepers in fretwork. The cabinet is of old oak, veneered and polished, and tlie weight of the entire structure is a little over gOO pounds. The cabinet is constructed In such a way that one is aide to see the full working of the whole clock through the front glass and the side glasses, which are divided by columns. CLOTHING GOING TO WASTE. Many Unclaimed Collars and Cuffs De stroyed at Laundries. Thousands of dollars' worth of laun dered shirts, collars and cuffs that have not been called for are burned or oth erwise destroyed in Chicago every month. It is estimated that the linen thus consumed in the city in a single year amounts in value to $231,000. Nearly $14,000 worth was either burned or consigned to the rag heap during tlie last month. "To successfully put them on the market," said a laundryman, "the ar ticles would have to lie nssorted in sizes, and this would be impracticable, as they would have to be sold at a price that would not justify the trouble. In consequence they are taken out and burned, but In a short time the shelves are again filled with unclaimed pack ages. The value of these packages usually ranges from 30 cents to $0. "All bundles are kept on the shelves of the various laundries for sixty days, and if no one has called for and claim ed them by that time they are thrown Into a large basket and opened. If tlie shirts are in good condition they are given to tramps or turned over to the charitable organizations. The collars and cuffs cannot be disposed of In this way. and are usually burned. The ques tion of disposing of unclaimed laundry is a constant thorn in the side of lnun drymen in Chicago and other large cit ies of the country." This heavy loss is due to the careless ness of the linen-wearing public of Chicago. One laundrymnn who has been in the business here for years, and who has seen enough linen go to waste to clothe half the population of the country, said: "The remarkable number of shirts, collars and cuffs left at laundries can be accounted for in several ways. Fre quently strangers come to the city, send their soiled clothes to the laun dry and hastily leave without calling for them. They rarely go to the trou ble of sending back for them, and the package is consequently burned. "Another reason is gross carelessness. A man often starts down town with a bundle of linen and leaves it at the first laundry he happens to see. He for gets where he left it, and some poor luandryman is frequently the victim of abuse from an irate citizen who had never been in his establishment. I have callers nearly every day who fiercely demand their linen, which they had left at some other place.—-Chicago Record-Hergld. PLANNED FOR LARGEST SHIPS. Locks of Nicaragua Canal to Accommo date Biggest Vessels Afloat. The Federal statute under which the Isthmian Canal Commission was cre ated required that body to make exam inations and devise plans for a canal of sufficient navigable depth and of the requisite dimensions to accommodate the largest vessels afloat. As a rule, merchant ships are longer than naval vessels, while the latter class have relatively much the greater beam or width. The longest vessel now afloat is the Oceanic of the White Star Line; it has a length of practically 704 feet. It is quite probable that within a comparatively short time longer ves sels will be built, but it would mani festly be impracticable for the commis sion to take into consideration the pos sible development of ship design for an indefinite future period. It was, then, necessary to consider those vessels at present afioat whose dimensions are the largest yet used, and design the canal and its works so as to afford a reasonable margin beyond those limits, hut not so great as to in volve excessive cost. To meet these conditions the locks were designed to give a clear length of 74b feet and a clear width of 84 feet. The greatest beam or breadth of warship at present the her , is practically 77 feet. The locks, there ; fore, meet the requirements of the law I and give some room for developments ; beyond the maximum limits of size ai ready attained. It is well known that ships drawing 1 a* much as thirty-two feet in sea water j have entered or passed from New York harbor as well as some other ports, and there is no reason to believe that the limit of draught lias yet been reach ed. It was, therefore, decided that the least navigable depth in the canal should l»e thirty-five feet, and that limit has been carefully observed throughout its entire length. In the harlKir en trances at tlie extremities of the canal, says William II. Burr, in Scribner's, this depth of thirty-five feet is provided at mean low tide, Old Kansan Philosopher. "Yes," said the old philosopher of Kansas, "1 am feeling pretty well. You see, an old man is a good deal like an old wagon. So long as tlie old wagon is kept well greased and is driven along smooth roads at a moderate clip, it will last a long time. But when the boys drive the old wagon to town of a Sat urday, and run races on the way home, after they have had a bottle or two down in the box stall at the livery sta ble, it is mighty apt to go to smash. If an old man keeps himself well greased, travels slow on a smooth road, and doesn't try to run races witii the boys on Saturday nights, there is just no tollin' how long he will last."— Kansas City Journal. is to Not Prepared. Wh.vte—Bjenks calls himself a prac tical politician. Black—A practical politician! Why, I asked him to change a $10 hill for me on election day last year and he said he couldn't do it.—Somerville Journal. No Geologist. "What kind of pie is it to-day. Jim?" asked the first restaurant boarder of his companion. "Dunno," replied Jim, as he tried to gnaw off a bite, "I'm no geologisL"— Ohio State Journal. The Way Ont. She (scornfully)—I despise yon from the bottom of my heart! He (cheerily)—Oh, well, thefe 1» al ways room at the top.—Puck. NOW THEY MERELY SPEAK, For She Knew Alt the Time Who It Was. Half a dozen persons in a big down town office building enjoyed them selves hugely the other day at the ex pense of a young lady with whom all of them ave well acquainted, and who is located in a room adjoining the one which is the scene of their daily la bo rs. The leader of the six jokers weut to the telephone instrument aud called the 'phone In the next room. As was anticipated, the young lady answered. "This is central office," announced the joker. "We are testing the wires. Will you kindly assist us?" Of course all this was said in an altered tone of voice. "Certainly," was the sweet response. "What shall l do?" > "Kindly place your mouth about twe inches to the right of the instrument," directed the joker, "and say 'hello' three times at short intervals." The obhging creature at the othet end promptly complied with the re quest. The joker waved his disen gaged hand at his five associates and bent double in the effort to repress laughter. "Now place your mouth one inch to the left and repeat 'hello' four times," the joker instructed. The response proved excruciatingly funny to the man at the 'phone, and, although they could not hear what the young lady said, his five companions were not devoid of imagination. By this time they were holding their sides. It required such a long time for the joker to regain control of his voice that the victim had twice inquired. Is that all?" before he could say with your mouth Just above the in strument pronounce the same word again." This was done. The joker could keep in no longer. Though beginning to laugh, he man aged to splutter: "Now stand on your head and say 'hello'-" With a shout he slapped the ear piece on the hook and literally fell Into a chair. The other five screamed. Still giggling, the six merry men, a little later, proceeded to visit the im to is it posed-upon damsel. As they reached the doorway of her room she turned up ; her nose disdainfully and remarked. In ! chilling manner: ! "Humph; I knew it was you all the , „ K time." They speak now as they pass by, but that's about all.—Washington Star. ®KI Small spaces can lie made to pay; it is not necessary to take a half-page to tell a good story. It is more import ant to put interesting matter in your ads than it 's to make them big and boisterous.—Press and Printer. There never was a bigger mistake made by any merchant than for him to think that he had reached a point where he could do without advertis ing. He may not realize it, hut when he stops the more enterprising mer chant is gradually taking his business away from him.—Jacksonville (Fla.) Metropolis. Newspaper advertising is not only more direct, but it offers more chances of success than magazine advertising. The newspaper reaches so many dif ferent classes of people that there Is always a wide margin for miscalcula tion iu copy. The big dailies furnish many different sets of ideas. They reach the sporting man, the society folks, the merchant, the banker, the laborer, the woman in the home, all by matter that is specially prepared to suit their tastes. The magazine, on the other hand, furnishes hut a single set of ideas. It treats all matters from one point of view—the woman's, the literary reader's, the educational, the critical. Each magazine aims to ap peal to one definite class; therefore nice discrimination is needed in select ing magazines to carry certain forms of advertising. There is a very nar row margin for errors. When the me dium is fitted to the advertising, it is sure to reach lnrger numbers of peo ple, however, and the leisure and in telligence of readers are large factors in returns.—Printers' Ink. bed to the cut to If Irish Tobacco on Sale. Tobacco has been grown In no fewer thnn twenty-five centers in Ireland, and the leaves have been cut and dried, and are now offered for sale. Its ex cellence for smoking is vouched for, and there seems no adequate reason why the weed should not boom contem poraneously with the new Irish litera ture. Quite possibly here and there the growing may bring wealth to the culti vators, and eventually—who knows?— become the envy of American trusts. get Still Useful. Loanedit—Borrowit, didn't you my lawn mower last summer? Borrowit—Yes, I'm the man. Loanedit—Are you thinking of bring ing it home this winter? Borrowit—Hadn't thought of it I'm going to lower the knives iu that ma chine and use It to shave the ice off my sidewalk.—Indianapolis News, When a girl hongs around a store to see a young man her parents should pull on the Unes and yeU whoa. Many a disastrous marriage has begun in this if ay. S. — j* Riding; Attachment for Plows. The illustrated device is a ridjng at tachment for a plow, which a corre spondent of the Iowa Homestead says he devised a number of years ago. Fig. 1 shows tlie attachment attached to a walking plow and shows how It is nttached. Fig. 2 shows the attach ment detached from the plow, and If it is to be used for a harrow or other implement where there is no furrow a larger wheel is substituted for the small wheel, which would make it run in a leaning position: This wheel is nt tached by a set screw and can be re IV JJSJ ATTACHMENT FOB FLOWS. moved easily, and the shaft is long enough so the large wheel may be put on the extreme end and thus muke it less liable to tip over. The Corn Breeder. Com-breediug lias become a special ized industry. The field for tills branch of farming is very great, as is shown by the fact that the corn growers of Illinois alone use over 1,000,000 bush els of seed every year. Of course it is not necessary that this seed lie secured from the breeder fresli every year, hut seed will not as a rule remain pur "ore than four or five years. It then ; ^'omes necessary to again secure ! well-bred seed. As yet the demand has ! ,e * n , but , Ut ( Üe "«veloped. farmers are J U8t beginning to realize the import ance and benefit of improved seed. Inn even now corn breeders are not able to supply the demand. That this demand will increase far beyond the capacity of com breeder* to supply there is no doubt.—A. D. Shaniel. in Orange Judd Farmer. The Anparacua Bed. We believe iu mowing the asparagus bed in the fall and burning it over to destroy the beetles, eggs and rust that may be there. Others who have growu much more of it than we have prefer to have the old stalks remain until spring, as helping to hold the snow on the bed. But in either case we would cut out and cany away all the seed bearing plants before the seed begun to fall. The little seedlings in the old bed are no better than as many weeds. If seedlings are wanted to set a new bed. cut the stalks when the seed is nearly ripe, aud hang them up to ripen, aud sow the seed in a new bed from which it may be transplanted at a year old. We like good yearling plants bet ter than two year-olds.—New England Farmer. Karly Puritan Potato. As a rule the eariy potato crop is the profitable one, although tlie past sea son good money was made from late potatoes, and especially if tlie best ta ble varieties were grown. The Early Puritan, one of tlie new varieties, lias been tested In different potato sections sufficiently to prove its merit. The skin is nearly white, most early sorts of value having a pink skin. In flavor THE EARLY PURITAN. the variety Is first-class and the tuber cooks well, being dry and mealy, anoth er point hard to find among early sorts. It is a good keeper also. Teaching Lambs to Feed. When a lamb is two weeks old It Is ready for feeding something in addi tion to the ewe's milk. It is true that by feeding the ewe her milk will be Increased, but the first thing to do is to feed the ewes, for the sake of the lambs, which may be fed indirectly in this way from the first day of their lives. The lambs are easily taught to feed by themselves If they are provid ed with suitable feeding pens into which they may go through narrow openings too small for the ewes. This is the simplest matter possible. To catch a lamb and take it into the pen and put a little of the feed provided Into Its mouth Is all that is needed; the lambs will do the rest; for where one goes all will want to go instanter.— Farmer»' Voice. Setting Strawberry Plants. Any one who believes in fall setting of strawberry plants has opportunity thla year. The weather since fruiting has been such that the runners have made a good growth, and there has been moisture enough for newly set plants. We think we seldom saw plants ■et in the spring, and well cared for during the summer, produce as many or as handsome berries as we have mob an those set the same year in An gust Excepting some of the new varie ties, one can get as many plants ns he wants, wellitnown and standard kinds, for a triflinjg sum if not for nothing, at this season of the year In almost any neighborhood.—American Cultivator. Avoiding Peach YellowB. It may not be generally known that peach yellows Is found In every State In the Union, with six exceptions. Of course, it is worse In some States than In others, but it exists in all States where tlie peach Is grown, except in California. Mississippi, Texas, and parts of Alabama. Florida and Georgia, and there is no cure for it. In orchards, located In Georgia and In New Jersey, there is apparently no difference in the severity of the disease when at Its worst, and the trouble apparently at tacks trees budded on stocks grown from pits obtained from different sec tions of tlie country. It is safe to say that with the possible exception of Cal ifornia pits, it is as safe to select the pits for budding stocks from the finest fruit on the most healthy trees In one's own orchard as from any other source. Working for Fertile Krks. Poultrynieu should keep before their mind's eye at all times the fact that the percentage of eggs hatched on the farm In May and June is much greater than from those hatched anywhere, under tlie usual conditions, in March and April. It is simply because the hen on the rnuge lias access to all that is necessary to produce a fertile egg. This being the case the cue should he takeu and every effort made to supply tlie same conditions during the late winter, as are found In the early sum mer. Food in variety, with consid erable green food and animal food, is of the first Importance; next comes a comfortable bouse and pleuty of room In which to exercise. Winter Treatment of San Jose Scale. Winter spraying to destroy the San Jose scale is most effective. Summer spraying is usually necessary in addi tion, but tlie insecticide cannot be made as strong as in tlie winter season when there are no buds to Injure. There are several remedies for tlie scale, but crude petroleum is tlie liest fur use iu winter, and it may lie used only slightly diluted. The work must be thoroughly (lone, every branch being touched with the petroleum, and several applications made if necessary. If done thoroughly in winter it is probable that only one or two light sprayings would lie necessary in the summer. In ! Safety Milk 1'ail. Many a pail of milk lias been lost by a kick from tlie cow just as the task of milking her was about finished and many a stray bit of dirt falls into tlie open pail if tlie farmer is not ex tremely careful in bis labors. John Heustis King, of Garrity, Ala., be lieves that the pail lie lias just de signed will save a ' ; I is S SAFETY PAIL. tlie milk In ense of an upset pail and : nlso prevent tlie gathering of iinpuri- j ties. In the picture the details of construe- i tion of this improved pail are shown. The top of tlie pail has a screw-thread ed flange, to which a receiving bowl is secured by a similar flange. In the center or this bowl is a strainer, and below thé strainer is an open frame iu which is placed a loose cone corre sponding in shape to tlie under side of the strainer. As soon as tlie pail is tipped over the flow of tlie milk toward the strainer seals the cone and effectu ally closes the outlet until the pail is righted again. Millions of Kstkb. New York City, according to the sta tistical expert of the New York Her ald, consumes 2,283 eggs every minute of tlie day, which means 100,000.000 dozen a year. The city may feel inde pendent of the hen so far as the hatch ing process is concerned, hut is entirely dependent for its supply of eggs oil the moody creature who regulates her output according as the weather ball pens to suit her whims. These hens get food and lodging for their part of the work, and their owners receive $20,000, 000 a year for the 342 eggs that they supply annually to each inhabitant of the city. Bavarian Hops. Although hops have been grown In this country for a great many years, they have always been inferior as com pared with the best European hops, and. as they bring a lower price In the market and are not s<f desirable as the Bavarian hops, cuttings of the best of the latter were Imported last year. These cuttings have been placed In the hop-growing districts of the United States and, according to the report of the Secretary fo Agriculture, promise to be far superior to the ordinary va rieties grown, in addition to maturing earlier and extending the picking sea son. Keep Sheep in Good Condition# A sheep should never be allowed to fall off in condition. Its constitution is weakened permanently. The clip of wool is seriously Injured. No ani mal is so difficult to restore to good condition as the sheep, aud there is none where a loss of flesh tells so quickly upon its outward covering.— J. F. Hancock. Tuberculin in Herefords. Dr. Geddes, representative of tbs United States Department of Agricul ture, resident In England, tested dur ing the past year 249 Herefords with tuberculin prior to export. Of this large number only seven reacted, and it is stated that of these seven lie con sidered three only "suspicious case».'' AN ABLE STATESMAN. Deat * of the Marquis of Dufferin #nd I Ava in Ireland. The death of the Marquis of Dufferin and Ava, which occurred in his castle In County Down. Ireland, removing » lersonuge who&L ichieveiuents in pol dites and letter» won him world wide fame. He was i great admiulstra or add a diplomat who had few equals in the British realm. For the greater part jf half a century he was In the service of Britain us an ain UAUqUlb DUFFERIN hllSRdor UUll BgCIlt, and his career Is closely interwoven with the history of England during this period. Lord Dufferin retired from public life a few years ago, full of hon ors, but comparatively poor. What little money he had was swept away in the failure of the London and Globe Finance Corporation, to which he had lent his liante u year ago. The crash came when he was about to go to South Africa, where his son was seriously wounded in an engagement with the Boers. The Marquis of Dufferin and Ava was 75 years of age and came of the best Irish blood on bolli sides of the house, llis great-grandfather was that brilliant Irishman. Richard Brindslcy Sheridan. Our subject began his career in the service of the British Empire as lord-in-waiting to the Queen, which position he held three years. In 1835, when 29 years of age, he was attached to Lord Russell's mission in Vienna. In 1800 he was sent as British commis sioner to Syria to Investigate the mas sacre of Christians there. Two year» later he left diplomacy for politics and colonial administration, being appoint ed under secretary of state for India. In 1800 he wns under secretary of war for a short time, and in 1808 he received the post of chancellor of the Duchy of leinenster. In 1871 he was created a British earl. Then came, in 1872, his appointment as governor general of Canada, which he held for six yenrs. Ills administration in the Dominion was marked by tact and statesmanship and he became extremely popular among tlie Canadian tieople. On leaving Canada lie was sent a* ambassador to St. Petersburg, 1879-81, and ambassador to Constantinople, 1SS1-S4. with a siiecial missiou to Cairo ! in 1882. In 1884 be became viceroy of India, and during his administration annexed Burniah and won for himself a marquisate with the new title of Ava ' added to his old one of Dufferin. In ; 1888 lie became ambassador to Rome, and in 1891 fie was transferred to Paris. I Lord Dufferin held tills position nearlv five years and was released from it with regret. Lady Dufferin. his wife, is a woman of rare charm and Is very popular. AN AMAZING YOUNG WOMAN. She is English to the core, and ha* startled New York society. She ride» talks, sings, an uthlete. She attended tlie Paderewski recital given by Will astride, fences, dances, plays, and lam C. Whitney in his New York hom». Upon this occasion Lady Constance electrified the guests by performing » 4S» UP. \ LADY CONSTANCE MACKENZIE. Highland sword dance after two walk ing sticks were placed upon the floor. There seems to lie nothing that this ver satile young woman cannot do well. In London she is noted not only for her athletics, but for her love of farming, her fancy for baby boa constrictors a» pets, and her patronage of klndergar tenlng. An Error of Judgment A former arcndeacon of Suffolk vis ited an out-of-the-way English parish when the rector happened to be away. The visitor was shown about by the clerk, and on arriving at the church yard was surprised to find a crop of wheat growing iu it. "Dear, dear!" said the archdeacon. "I can't approve of this. 1 really did not think Mr. Winkley would plant wheat in the churchyard." "That's just what I told parson." aaid the clerk. "I says, says I, 'Ye didn't ought to have wlieated it; y» ought to hava tatered it.' " A Queer Servian Custom. A traveler through Her via will often notice dolls hung up inside the cottage windows. He learns that the dolls are put up as a sign to announce to way farers that a marriageable daughter dwells In the house. Delicate Work. A Baltimore engraver has put the alphabet on the head of a common pin. The work took only an hour and a half. Russian railroad trains bare smoking can for women.