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A I.iftinn Machine. The device shown is just the thing for the farm that is operated by one man with occasional help, as many farms are run. A platform, of any di mensions desired. Is built of heavy oak planks with a hole cut in the middle In which is Inserted a post made of timber three or four Inches square. A slot is cut in this post to extend nearly one-half Its length, and is an inch and a half wide. The lever should be made of timber one and a half inches wide so as to tit snugly in the slot. This lever is bolted into position. A number of holes should he bored through this lever so that a longer arm may l»e had rm I LIFTING MACHINE. on one side of the post when wanted: as a rule the lever works best when it extends about double the distance on one side. If the object to tie moved is heavy it may be best to spike the plat form to the ground, which may be read ily done by the use of long wooden pegs driven through holes bored in each cor ner of tlie platform. It will lie noticed that two holes are bored in the post, below where the lever arm is fastened, permitting the operator to lower ihe arm to suit the work he lias to do. This lifter will tie found very handy in mov ing logs, grain in bags and other heavy tilings which must be handled on the farm. Wheat as Stock Feed. The Topeka State Journal says that a miller and grain dealer in McPherson, Kan., says there is less wheat in Mc Pherson County than for many years at the same date. The scarcity of corn and its high price have led many to feed it to stock. He claimed to know of some who had fed out 5.01N) bushels, and one man, who sold 7.000 bushels last July, had since bought 8.000 bush els to feed oat. and another had bought 15,000 bushels for the same purpose. He estimated the amount fed on the farms in that county at not less than 500 bushels on each farm, and the to tal as not less than half the crop of 1901. White we think these figures may be n little exaggerated, or more than a little if applied to more than the one county, we do not find fault if they are true Though in tile Eastern States, we used to think wheat flour bread a luxury compared to that made from eornmeal. or "rye anil Indian" tneal. It the farmers there can grow wheat so that it costs less than corn, let them feed it, as it lias about the same uutrltive value. Not many years ago the farmers of Kansas and Ne braska were reported as burning their corn because a ton of it would not buy a ton of coal, and made a better fire. Now if a bushel of ground wheat will fatten as many steers or hogs as a bushel of eornmeal, and costs less, let them use it.. - American Cultivator. Home-Made Milk Aerator. It pays to use some standard device for aerating and cooling the milk drawn fresh from the cows. The aera 5 i % MILK AFIIATOR. tion of warm milk Is very i m portant when several cows are milked. For a small quantity of milk in shotgun cans a liome-made device can be utilized. The accompanying cut Illustrates Its con struction and use. Procurea good hand bellows and have a tinsmith solder on a small tin tube, with a "rose" attachment at tbe bot tom, somewhat like that shown at A In the cut. B represents a brace sol dered on to make the attachment more rigid. A clamp can be attached at C to fasten to the edge or the can. though the bellows can be easily operated without It may be necessary to extend the tube of the bellows at D. This ar rangement will work satisfactorily in quickly area ting a can of warm milk and can be done while the can is setting In water to cool down.—Hoard's Dairy man. ___ Growing: Sorghum for Stock. The failure of the corn crop last year will Induce farmers to plant more or less of other things the coming season. Alfalfa, millet sorghum and speltz will all be tried, and in some localities one or more Mill he found a most de sirable addition to crops for stock. The culture of sorghum is extending, and testa bave proved that its culture is not confined to favored sections, but that It can probably be grown with success wherever corn can be grown. The plant is drought-resisting. It yields heavily and the stalks. If properly are eaten and relished by all farm stock The main trouble experi enced with sorghum Is In the curing— the crop seems to be as easily raised ns corn, but it is best cured under cover by setting it In small shocks along the wall of a shed. It may be cured in tbe field, like corn, if put up in small shocks. Every farmer with cows or swine should give tip an acre of ground this spring for sorghum. You may not be able to grow it with full success this year, but will learn its needs thoroughly, so that the next sea son it will^be a success. The Ideal Farm .Home. Forty years ago this subject would have meant something quite dîneront from what it does at present, says 'n dinna Farmer. Then a plain frame building, with plastered walls and a brick chimney would have seemed a great »drang» on the double log cabin, with Its stick and mud chimney at either end. the well sweep In the yard, chickens roosting in the trees or in the fiont yard was not deemed out of place in early days, and shade trees, shrubbery and flower beds were ex ceptional. If not unknown. The ideal farm home as we now re gard it. must have many ornamental features and numerous conveniences that in pioneer days were unthought of. As to externals our first thought is regarding walks and drives. They should be dry and clean. Mud should not be tracked Into the house, and to prevent this gravel should be used freely, not only to make walks to barnyards and outhouses, but to build drives from the road In front to the wagon shed in the rear. A shed or covered way ought to extend from a side porch of the house to the drive so the ladies can enter or depart from the carriage dry shod. It must have a telephone connecting with all the neighborhood and the towns and vil lages near. It can have a daily mail, which it easily can have if the roads are what they ought to lie. It must have shade trees, vines, shrubbery and flowers in the blue-grass lawn, and a small fruit as well as a vegetable gar den. well stocked with the best varie ties and well tended, and it should be convenient to the kitchen, so as to be most available and useful. r Shield for the Cramper. . J. F. Granger, of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, writes Iowa Homestead: "I enclose a sketch of a good plan to keep a horse that is an habitual cramper from getting his tail over the line and giving t rouille. Buckle two lengths of light leather from hip strap around the tail above the breeching, making it fit easily and loosely over the tail. From the buckle of the crupper on each side fasten a perpendicular strap on each side of the rump. Make a ■ leather network down to the bottom 1 piece, and one will have a device that i will let the horse switch his tail and at : the same time will prevent any trouble j coming from getting bis tail over the lines." Poes Sheep-Raising Pay. To this question tbe sheep raiser on land at a low value will undoubtedly answer yes. and the man on high price and no. It would seem as if some thing was wrong with this state of af fairs. Year by year-the raising of shtep In large numbers changes from the high price farm to the one where land Is cheap It may be true that in the East where farms are belli at prices more than double that asked for land in sections of the West, farmers cun uiu afford to raise sheep, yet why not.' in any section where sheep can lie raised without the winter season of feeding being too long sheep should lie raised with profit regardles land value of llie farm, within reason, of course. It is largely a question of intelligent management, just as with any other crop. Everything seems to point to a decided change in methods during tlie coming years, and the thoughtful farmer with some knowl edge of sheep raising is beginning to feel that by keeping up the fertility of his farm he can raise sheep as profit ably for his market as his distant com petitor for his. ory. the and i In j I j ! .. , j \ I I in Beet Pulp a» Feed. Seven thousand sheep and 150 steers ! are on feed on the licet pulp at the j Fort Collins (Colo.) sugar refinery. The j company also sells the pulp at 30 cents I per tou, and the sheep eat between ten : and fifteen pounds of it each day, I while each steer tucks away from 100 to 150 pounds daily and often bawls for more. The feeding is largely of the experimental order as yet. The officials say that they will import some grain iu order to finish the animals properly before sending them to mar ket. Cost of Keeping a Hen. There is considerable difference of opinion as to how much it costs to keep a hen. The cost depends upon the hen's ability to forage, it is a saving and clear gain to convert refuse into eggs and meat. The cost of keeping a lien has been variously estimated at from 50 cents to $1.50 a year. It costs more in the Northern States than in tlie Southern States. It costs more if the liens are confined than if they are al lowed to run. A Born for the Cows. Don't keep cows in same barn with other stock. Time is money, therefore the barn should be convenient for clean ing out, for feeding and for getting cows in and out. It should allow an abundance of sunshine. The ten dollar note, known as the "Buffalo Bill," lias on it the face of a suicide, Meriwether Lewis. Canada last year added 541 t® It® railroad mileage and Mr lice 640. HONORABLE GIVING. Friendship Offerings of Fonr Little Singing Bojrs in Italy. A pretty story of the graceful art of giving is told by a writer in the Cri terion. The gifts were made by four lit tle Italian boys, sons of fishermen in a fishing village. They were shabby lit tle fellows of ten or twelve, all mother less, and they sang in the street foi coppers. They had remarkably beauti ful faces and voices, to which the for eigners had paid tribute. so is in When tlie day of our departure drew near, great was the consternation of l our choir. At first we meanly credited j this to tlie impending loss of Income; but no, there was a great surprise pre- j paring to he unfolded at the Nativity— I Christmas—and much they feared it could not be before. They possessed. | these small artists, a secondary means of livelihood. At tlie season when all the world goes into the country and a puts his little home in trim to catch the | tourist's eye, the services of our choris- j ters were in demand for the frescoing j of walls at a cent or two a day. On the last evening of our stay, caps in hand and with rosier cheeks than ever, appeared our four, all smiles and embarrassment, hut graceful In it'as God has given them to he. With a few poetic words of thanks for favors re ceived they presented us, one by one, our gifts. The fortunate signora—I was that fortunate signora—received hers first. Ami the signora's offering was this: a spray of lemon, chosen with the nicest eye, and bearing on its slender stock perfect green leaves and three delicate lemons of palest yellow, as lovely a thing as ever blossomed from a poet's mind. They had brought It for its "bel lezza," its beauty, said these ragamuf fins of tlie sea. The child of the family, being a wom an-child, was next with ceremonious grace endowed with two magnificent pine-cones, not the common pine-cones of the common pines which grew at hand in near-by groves, not soi Bine cones from the great conifers ol' "purple Apeuniue," which it had cost these, princely givi rs a whole day's walk and climb to gather. Side by side with this poetic gift was laid another, in sweet concession to the common childhood of them all. a long braided loaf of sweet ened bread made by the father of one of the boys, who had formerly been the village baker. Then, with a renewal of blushes and charming smiles, was brought forward tlie chef d'ouvre of the occasion. "Since tlie signore is a painter," they explain ed, "we have thought it most fitting to paint a picture for him, which we pray him to accept, making allowance for its little beauty, because we have not been able to afford so bright colors as we should like to have used." The picture, a landscape with figures painted on a square of cardboard, and astonishingly, pathetically good, still adorns the signore's home, having trav ersed some eight thousand miles al ready. The pine-cones still breathe of Apennine. The lemon spray, nias! it was Impossible to keep except in mem ory. The braided loaf furnished an im mediate offering to friendship. The miles those little hoys walked, the hours they toiled, the Intrinsic love liness of the gifts they brought us. and their intrinsic freedom from the money taint—all this lias been an abiding Christmas memory with us ever since, and molded many an offering of our own. RUSSIAN RAILWAY ACCIDENTS. In 1809 Averaged Twelve a Day, with 1,'ggO Killed and 0,800 Injured. I The Russian railways have always i j had an evil reputation for the great ! number of accidents, fatal aud otlier wise, annually recorded against them. Judging from some statistics issued by j the ministry of ways and commuuica \ lions, this unenviable notoriety would I appear to he more or less well deserved. I The latest compiled data are for 181)0, in which year there were 4.447 acci dents. that is, on an average, a little more than twelve per diem. Of this total 1,302 were derailments, 750 colli sions and 2.335 of various other doser. p tions. The derailments resulted in twenty-one deaths and 172 cases of se rious personal injury: the damages in curred by those accidents were 552.801 ! rubles. The collisions were responsible j for nineteen deaths, 238 cases of seri j ous injury, and damage to the amount I of 000,000 rubles. Other accidents re : suited in the deaths of 1,140 persons I and in 2.005 cases of personal injury. j ! ; a It® Railway accidents unconnected with passenger traffic were responsible for thirty deaths and 3.800 cases of per sonal injury. Altogether 1,220 persons were killed and 0,933 injured. During the twelve months under re view there were no so-called serious railway accidents in England. If the trains, ordinary and express, in Russia were run at anything like the speed which obtains on English and French lines, says a London Standard corre spondent, the number of fatalities would be at least tenfold greater, more especially in cases of derailment and collision. Railway traveling in Russia is proverbially slow, but by no means sure. _ Comfort in the Navy. Maj. Gen. Shatter, U. S. A., tells this story: An army board, examining a lieuten ant for promotion to the position of captain and quartermaster, asked the candidate: "What is the first duty of a quarter master?" "To make himself comfortable," was the reply. "And his next duty?" "To make his commanding officer comfortable." "Very good, sir. And his final duty?" "To make hlmsel. more .;omfortahle!" »-New York Times. j ; CHURCH AND LIGHTHOUSE. 6t. Philip's, at Charleston! turves a Double Purpose. The only church in the world which, so far ns Is knowu, is also a lighthouse, is St. Philip's, at Charleston. S. C. This structure, which Is one of the oldest churches In America, is known as the "Westminster Abbey of South Caro linn," because within arid about its walls so many distinguished men lie buried, including John C. Calhoun. The history of the old church is closely In terwoven with that of South Caroliua and many of the most celebrated events in the history of tlie provluce are connected with It. It is one of tlie sights iu Charleston and strangers are always taken to see it and shown its graves and monuments, The most remarkable feature of the old church, however, is the fact that its lofty steeple serves the purpose of a lighthouse aud is used to guide the V Ml i I ft Î&JB» : t un. le s i ill in a. seafarer and mariner safely into the port of Charleston. The use of the steeple as a lighthouse dates hack to 1S!H. The light used is very powerful and is placed at an altitude of about 125 feet above the ground, so that it is easily visible 30 miles at sea. The light is »trended by the old sexton of St. l'hilip's Church, T. J. Uiley, who has occupied the position of sexton for more than 50 years. He has never failed in his duties, and, rain or shine, he mounts the high and narrow wind ing staircase of the old steeple every evening at sunset (tnd lights the bea con in its lofty perch. St. Philip's Church steeple is considered one of the handsomest architecturally iu the world. the SHOT DOWN THE DANISH FLAG, the Story of an American Murksuian Whose Aim Was Prophetie, In view of tlie purchase of tlie isl ands. pardon me for recalling an inci dent of twenty odd years ago that near ly caused serious international compli cations. An American marksman, pay ing a visit to Charlotte Amalia, amused tin- governor by an exhibition of skill with the rifle. Sitting on the veranda of the government house, he said that he could cut with a bullet the signal halyards on the flagstaff of tlie fort and lower the Dutch standard to the ground. As the lines were almost invis ible in the distance, the governor was willing in bet that he could not do it. The siiot rang out and the ting fell. Presently a horseman dashed up. in forming the governor that some one had fired on the flag. There was great ex citement. The governor, mine too popu lar. ruined his political future by ad mit', lng that the affair was a joke, in j which lie connived. Report being sent ! to Copenhagen, highly colored, of ; course, by the commandant. His excel lency was removed.—New York Press. Mean Trick on Sum's Part. "1 don' like a chile to lie so sly and craftable as dut Sam Washington," said Mr. Jones, with some severity. "I'm glad lie ain't any chile oh mine, I cer t'nly am." "What's Sam been doing now, hon ey?" inquired Mrs. Jones, without any great display of interest. "It's what he ain't been doing," said her huslmud. "I was walking Tong de road and saw dat hoy little way ahead, carrying two big pineapples, one under each arm. So I say to myself, 'Sam's j been lucky, aud I'll step up and 'gratu ; late him. and den mebbe he'll offer me part oh one.' "So when I gets close up behind him, I whispers in ills ear, 'Sam, how much you take for one oh dose pineapples?' and dat hoy Sam turn round aud look at me, and—'twa'n' Sam at all. 'Twas 'nother hoy entirely. "No, ma'am, I don't want any chile oh mine to be as sly as dat Sam!" in of Both Had Troubles. Neighbor—I called to say that you must keep your dog from barking; he won't let our baby sleep. Householder— I'm glad yon called. 1 wanted to say that if you don't keep your baby from crying I shall have to enter a complaint. It worries uiy dog awfully. _ No Gambling in Turkey. The Sultan bus issued au irade pro hibiting gambling in his dominions, aud ordering the prosecution of the les sees of those establishments where it is carried on. Tbe hen rather has It over the cow. Butterine will pass for butter, but did you ever see anything that would do for an e gg? _ Loudon consumes eleven tons of salt daily. IHE NEW FIRST READER I I / would 11 îSËsflU J Yes, See the poor man and his ache. Where did he get the ache? He paid five cents for a piece of pie 1 —vr anil they threw In ! V | the ache. Did he not know he ve the ache? Yes, hut he said ' that If he did not eat It some oth er poor poor fel-low would, and he could not bear to make oth-ers suf-fer. Where-for does the youth be-tray e-la-1 Ion? He has deni-on strat-ed that lie is a great strnt-e-gist. lli\w so? East night when he called on the dam-sel lie asked if he might embrace her and she would not al-low It; so he wait ed un til to-night and then got sev-en dances with her. Is the woru-an Cra zy? No, the wom an Is not cra-zy. Then why does she act in such a pe-cul iar man-ner? She is mere-ly try ing to do what thou sands of oth-er wom en have tried to do. What is that? She is try ing to trans-form a wrin kle in to a dim-pie. See the fool ish man! Why do you call him foolish? Be cause lie has just wasted a dol lar. How so? t\ His wag-on springfj got weak, and wheel T 1 ® he saw a sign whicliV 1 said, "Try Dr. Breen's^^ Bra-vu-ra. the Great Spring Strengtli-en-er." he bought a hot tie.—Chicago Daily News. 'a; M S3 A RELIABL FIRE ES- APE. Tlie saving of life from tire is stich n laudable undertaking that it is small wonder the inventor is constantly pro (hieing new ideas in this field, each de vice having some particular merit tc recommend it, as witness the arrange ment shown herewith. It is well known that while hotels and other pub lic places are provided with ropes foi u.se In ease of fire an attempt to makt a descent from an upper story of building hv this means is nearly. If no) ; quite, ns perilous as that hreatened by j the fire itself. This danger arises frone | the fact that few persons are skilled ess title by j ago. j I this left girl high of sind tlie and She I ■ one m sSSeC U ~~ <* '.V CONTKOLS SI'SKD OK IHCSCKXT in descemlin i rope, aud it is to over come tills objection that J. A. Shaping of Morgantown, N. C.. has designed j this apparatus. He provides a pair ol!' s foot stirrups attached to a frictional i slide for guiding tlie feet, and a eon- i' be guidi trolling device to lie grasped by tlie hands to regulate i lie speed of descent. This is accomplished by having the controller divided into two parts, which are pivoted together in such a manner that a twist of the hand de creases tlie size of the rope passage un til the cable is tightly gripped between tlie two sections. As the device will fit almost any size of rope, it is always ready for use, and in case of fire can In a short space of time be taken from tbe trunk and attached to the rope pro vided, when it is ready to land its own er safely on the ground. A Wonderful Little Boy. Mr. Twoyear Kiddlett was saying: "I have always been very much interested in the sayings of children. Now, my little boy-" The general exodus was checked by his next words: "- 's the only child I ever saw whose remarks were not worth repeating." Of tbe fourteen tnen who fought for opportunities to take Mr. Klddlett's hand, one was hurt seriously.—London Modern Society. First Fire Company Well Named. The Phoenix was the name of the first fire company in England and it was established in 1082. At that time, in the towns, squirts or syringes were used for extinguishing fire and their length did not exceed two or three feet, with pipes of leather. Watertight, seamless hose was first made in Beth nal Green in 1720. l An invalid Is a contradiction when h® U an impatient patlenL TRUMPET CALLa Ham'a Horn Hound» a Warning Not* to the Unredeemed. NFLUENCE la Immortal. Cheap success Is ever too dear. There is no gala without giving. Regret, cannot bring the arrow back to the bow. Blessings will be poured In only as you pour them out. The shearer makes a poor shepherd. Faithful acts grow from active faith. The love of God Is the heart of the universe. Yesterday's manna will not meet to day's needs. There is no profit in religion whet® there Is no loss. What is morally wrong can never be politically right. They who retire with God will never retreat before men. Sometimes God's storms are but to drive us into harbor. Every sin committed commits one yet more to the way of sin. The hireling has his hir® but the Shepherd has the sheep. Willingness to lie God's slave Is the way to become ills son. He who Is unwilling to face failure pan never secure success. The man who revolves around himself will never get anywhere. The telescope of love has tlie longest range for celestial vision. You do not need to wear a stony look to be a pillar in tlie church. You can afford to lose tlie flowers of time for the seed of eternity. Reformers need to remember that new roads are seldom smooth. Sowing in pa n and tears promises the reaping iu plenty and triumph. There can never he any real recrea tion where there is desecration. The assets of character are in what you are and not what you have. COUNTESS VON WALDERSEE. An American Woman Who I» the Aunt of the German Eni|iro>n. The Woman's Home Companion co® taius an article by Mabel Percy Has kell of how the daughter of a New York grocer, by her good souse and tact, lias risen to almost a royal position iu the German empire: "There are many American worn« who have become noblewomen, but there is only one who lias ever became aunt to an empress—the Countess von 'Vnldersee: and she not only holds that exalted position, hut is also dlstta as l,oinK tlie <m '- v American woulan who ever became a pr.ncess in lier own right quite aside from any title acquired by marriage. The Count ess is really the Princess de Noer. this title having been conferred upon her by ttie Emperor of Austria many years ago. "Few people in tills country know the romantic and remarkable life-story of this American princess, who has never returned to her native laud since sh® left it forty-five years ago, then a young girl In the glory of her beauty and first youth. She has been so closely asso ciated with the exclusive life of the high nobility of Berlin that Americans, traveling or at home, could not know of the American woman who is ac knowledged to he almost a power be sind tlie German ihrone. "This remarkable woman, although tlie daughter of a New York grocer, married successively a royal personage and a scion of one of the most exclusive families of the proud German nobility. She frankly used her influence to hr ng I about the marriage of the preseni Ger ■ man Emperor and her niece, and lias proven herself to lie a most remark able match-maker. Her husband holds one of tlie highest positions at court because of lier influence, and lie was j sent 1° Fhina at her request. 1 hits she s rt> n!l.v one 0,1 " le |1|0 -t '"'i ' ;nl * ant * i interesting women of (lie century, hut i' le Ltct that she lives in Germany makes it impossible for tlie Eng Dh spenking world to have a true knowl edge of her power and achievements; for. although a woman's influence may be very grent and far-reaching In Ger many. lier personality is always hidden, the 'new woman' and 'women's rights' being utterly unknown quantities In th® Kaiser's domain." I it N iturally in u liiirrv. "You must he a little patient with me," said the Filipino prisoner, "and remember that if 1 get a little ahead of the procession now and then it is not because I am trying to run away?" "What is the reason of it?" "It is force of habit. I have gotten so much into the habit of sprinting that l can't keep back with the crowd."— Washington Star. StnUent of Humanity, The manager looked over the adver tising man's work. "I see you speak of our payment plan," said, he. "Yessir." "Make that word 'credit' Instead of 'payment.' It is more attractive."— Indianapolis Press. His Double Life. Mrs. nippo (furiously)—I have proof that you are leading a double life. Mr. Hippo—Well, dear, you knew very well I was amphibious wheu you married me.—Brooklyn Life. The best band a man can take in the game of life is tbe band of some good woman. Many a poor tune is played on a good horn.