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Growing Sugar Beets. The reports of the United States De partment of Agriculture indicate that In the States of California, Colorado. Nebraska and Michigan the sugar beets can be grown of such quality that they can be used profitably for sugar-mak ing, if they can be bought cheaply enough. This also is true of some sec tions of New York, and a few tests lead them to believe that they also can be grown In Utah. Idaho and Oregon, with a percentage of sugar high enough to warrant sugar being made from them. But several hundred samples tested from Iowa showed that the sugar con tent fell just short of the average stand ard fixed for successful manufacture. Of Illinois and Indiana beets the re port says, "both the contents of sugar and co-efficient of purity were below the standard." Of Kansas it is reported that "the climate is not suitable for growing high-grade beets." In Okla homa the conditions are not called fa vorable, and the chemists report that, on the whole, Ohio is not adapted to growing sugar beets. The department tries to make as favorable report as possible for the new industry, but it has nothing to say about the profit or loss to the farmers, who cannot average fif teen tons to the acre, and must cart them or pay transportation to the fac tory at a price of $4 per ton. In this State it would be hard to get a man to load them, carry them five miles and unload them for much less than that after they were grown and harvested. A Corn Marker. The cut, from the Ohio Farmer, shows a five-row corn marker. The runners are 1% or 2 feet long, six inches\wide and two Inches thick. They are placed S7 & A FIVE-BOW COBS MABKEB. as far apart as you want your row's and two three-inch boards (A) nailed on top. D is a handle. The driver walks in the last mnrk previously made and holds the handle In one hand. There should be such a handle on each side of the marker. Use one horse and attach a rope or wire from each outside runner to the traces. Corn Planting. Many of the tests at experiment sta tions have shown better yields from planting moderately early, rather than very early; from planting a larger num ber or kernels per acre than most good farmers think advisable; from planting small growing varieties in rows closer together than is best for large varie ties; from giving shallow and level cul tivation rather than deep and ridged cultivation; from planting rather shal low early and deeper in late planting. Other trials have seemed to show that very frequent cultivation does not re pay its cost; that it is important to cul tivate as soon as may be after rains; that deep cultivation while the stalks are small may be helpful, if followed by shallow culture, says the agricul tural column of the Hartford Times. It also adds that the farmer will be bet ter satisfied if he tries some experi ments of this kind himself, and tries them more than one season, that he may be sure that the change in method and not the season has changed results. With all of which we agree. Using Improved Tools. There is no more reason why a farm er should hope to work advantageously with half-worn or cumbersome tools than the mechanic, and yet few of them feel that they can afford the more mod ern tools. This is short-sighted econ omy. and particularly so in the case of the heavier Implements, which save so much hard labor. One of the tools that should be on every farm where consid erable manure is bandied is the manure spreader. By the use of the manure spreader the heavy work of hand spreading is not only avoided, but the spreader breaks up the manure and dis tributes it evenly and in such form that It benefits the soil equally wherever it falls. There are no heavy lumps here and there and scant supplies in other places, as with hand-spreading. Water on the Farm. Drinking water on farms is given but little consideration as to its purity when it is derived from springs, but many farms are supplied with water from open wells, and its purity in such cases depends largely upon the mode of protecting the well and the surround ings. Wells being deeper than ditches or drains, and the tendency of water being downward, much soluble matter geta into the weil that is unknown to the farmer. The water may appear clear and pure, be free of odor, and yet contain impurities. Farmers who do not consider the matter have no concep tion of the many sources from which their drinking water is obtained. It comes from the clouds, of course, but it It fall Into the well, only reach Ing It after passing through the surface soil and dissolving the impurities. Be cause the water passes through sand it is not filtered of the soluble matter. If salt is dissolved in water the salt is not removed by filtering, as the dissolved salt will go with the water to the low est place. If the well is open there may be toads and insects in the water, which drown and decompose. The wells should be covered and the surroundings kept clean, with good drninnge in all directions. Driven wells are better than those that are open, and should be used in preference.—Philadelphia Record. Seeding with Clover. When clover is sown early in the spring on the crop of wheat or other winter grain, it mny cost nothing but the price of the seed, which is not much, whether ten or fifteen pounds is used to the acre, and the labor of sow ing. yet we would prefer to increase its cost by going over the wheat with a light or smoothing harrow before sow ing the clover seed, says the New Eng land Farmer. This will benefit wheat or rye if done at the right time, when the ground is not wet enough to cause the harrow to sink too deep and uproot the plants. This makes a good seed bed for the clover, and in a day or two after the first rain the little plants will be sending their roots down into the soil. Selecting Varieties. If your strawberry market pays high prices for early fruit, large, highly col ored and attractively packed, it would be foolish for one to raise mainly the mid-season sorts and market them un attractively. If potatoes bring good prices and cabbages are a drug, don't raise cabbages. If white eggs are want ed. don't keep fowls that lay brown eggs, and vice versa. On the other hand, if the best market is for the car cass. keep Plymouth Rocks for this trade and use the brown eggs at home if they cannot be sold for a fair price. In short, all along the line, raise what the market demands and do not try to educate the public to some article it does not want, simply because it seems the best article to you. Renovated Butter. Renovated butter is seve- '.1 degrees worse than oleomargarine, in our opin ion. which is based on actual knowledge of the processes by which the two are made. We have said and repeat that between the two frauds we greatly pre fer oleomargarine because it cannot possibly be made of more uncleanly materials than are used in making process butter, and very often is made in a cleanly manner from materials that, in themselves, are not unwhole some. The extent to which renovated butter has influenced the markets of the coun try is not fully appreciated or there would have been a stronger demand for its regulation long before this.—Dairy and Creamery. Hay and Corn Fodder. Reports from the Western States now seem to indicate a larger acreage of corn planted this year, and possibly more of the meadows broken up and put in the corn crop, but as these will probably be those which yield the least hay, the Increased use of the corn shredder may make hay more abundant in our market another winter, if the season is at all favorable. When all the corn-growing sections save and shred their fodder, or put it into silos, they can either keep more stock or sell more hay. As the market is now, the fodder would seem most profitable if stockers and feeders do not cost too much.—American Cultivator. For Rolling Smnll Seed. No garden is complete without a roller for hand use. Spiall seeds come up better if rolled after planting. A nail keg may be fit ted with an axle from an old fence rod or piece of old shafting and attach ed to the handle of a push-cart, or the handle may be quickly made to order. Stones inside the keg will give needed weight.— Farm and Home. ,. 4 ,, Farm Notes. Nothing cures a dog that kills sheep so quick ns a shotgun. Plenty of clover will go a long way toward making a farm profitable. A cow that is well cared for is a source of comfort and profit to her owner. Bee-keepers should develop a home market rather than send their products to a city market. In these days of close competition every farmer must give the closest at tention to every detail. There is no longer any profit In mak ing butter that cannot be classed among the best grades. The man who owns ten or more cows and is without a separator is standing in bis own light. It's poor policy to compel animals to diiuk water that tiie farmer would not think of touching himself. When in the natural state poultry five on seeds, grass and insects. Try to follow this as nearly as possible when feeding them. Many a failure in the vegetable gar den is caused by poor seed. Purchase whatever seed you may require from reliable dealers only. The farmers who are successful are those who never lose sight of the fact that the farm Is a home; that every thing done toward beautifying and im proving the place Is enhancing its value. Plant a grape vine wherever a place can be found for one. Grapes can be had in abundance, and the vines take but little room if they are planted where they will not be in the way of anything else. HE COURTS SOLITUDE. THERE IS A GRIM PATHOS IN THE LIFE 3 ? Of Lord Roseberry, of England, Who, Although Rich, Brilliant, Courted and Powerful, Almost Flees from the Society of Man. After a rest of several years Lord i Rosebery, who became the chief of the ' Liberal party on the death of Glad stone, is again be coming active in the political af fairs of Great Brit ain. Long ago he ■ bando tied the home-rule ques tion as affecting Ireland, to which he and his party were once * com lokd uosEBEBY. tuitted. and now it it is probable that there is not a more strenuous opponent to that policy to be found in British public life. Rosebery's renewed activity in public life and his high station make a study of his character interesting and much light upon this subject is given by the London Mail in a recent article. Lord Rosebery, says the Mail, is one of the wealthiest and quite the most brilliant of the British aristocracy. He is a scholar of erudition, an author of distinction ana the finest orator of his day. He stands out from amid a wealth of mediocrity in solitary and grand distinction. But, underlying all this scintillating surface, there is a grim and terrible pathos in his life—the pathos of utter solitude. Unseen by the crowd of ad mirers who worship and envy him in his proud supremacy, unrecognized even by those who write and speak of him as of a well-known friend, there is an almost tragic loneliness in his po sition—not merely in his political sta tus, but in his domestic life. He is probably at the present moment the most closely observed of all public men, the best known to the general run of bis countrymen. His circle of ac quaintances is probably larger than that of any other person not of royal rank. His friends are legion. Yet it would be scarcely overstepping the truth to say that he has not a single intimate—that there is not a living creature with whom he can ever en tirely throw off that reserve that hides his inner self as a garineut. He is, even in the midst of the applauding multitude, at a reception, or at his own dinner table, always alone. It ^s only natural that this loneliness of disposi tion should beget a love of solitude. It is not far to seek for the cause of this pathetic seclusion. Lord Rose bery's life, with all its glories, with all its achievements, has been a sad one. From his earliest days Fortune squandered lier richest gifts on him with a lavish hand. Born of a mother as beautiful, as fascinating as she was intellectually brilliant—a former maid of honor and bridesmaid to Britain s late sovereign—heritor of a proud title and of great wealth, blessed with men tal gifts and aptitudes surpassing those of any man since Disraeli, and possessed of a sound if not robust con stitution, the world lay at his feet when as little more than a boy he fell in love with the wealthiest heiress of his time —Mifes Hannah Rothschild, heiress to the wealthiest and most powerful branch of that distinguished family. His meeting with her was as romantic as anything ever conceived by any novelist. His carriage collided with hers, and by extraordinary agility, combined with no less extraordinary presence of mind, lie sprang out and caught her as she fell after having been thrown upward by the force of the impact. Then lie carried her, stunned, to a neighboring house. He devoted to her all the ardor and passion of a great nature, and, despite the most relentless opposition on the part of lier father, lie finally succeeded in winning her. The love that had stood the stress of a trying courtship lasted unimpaired during the whole of his married life. His wife was some thing more than a wife to him. She was his maker. She threw herself heart and soul into his work and into his sport. It was she that had made him a politician; it was she that set him out on that brilliant career which she never lived to see him consummate. The effect on such a man of the trag ically early death of such a helpmeet can be understood. It accounts for all his love of solitude, his preference for quietly tending his roses at the Dur dans, or wandering up and down the terraces at Mentmore, to the gayety.of a social life. Lord Rosebery is one of the most restless men in the United Kingdom. He is troubled with insomnia and be is constantly traveling from seat to seat in vain efforts to rid himself of his enemy. THE DESPOT OF VIENNA. House-Masters Who Tyrannize Over All the Inhabitants. The citizen of Vienna who docs not wish to be out of pocket must keep early hours, for after 10 o'clock he is taxed on entering his own house, or. for the matter of that, any house. The sperrgeld. or door-opening tax, is pe culiar to Vienna, as the London Express explains. The entire population of that city, numbering nearly two millions, are practically Imprisoned in their houses from 10 o'clock in the evening until 0 the next morning. They can go in or out only by paying at least 4 cents to the janitor or "housemaster," as he is called. Vienna Is built on the "flat" or apart ment-house plan. Millionaires and working people alike live in Louses of this description. The houses are large, having five or six floors, with four flats on a floor, so that it is not unusual to find a hundred persons living under one roof. There is one common entrance from the street, and after 10 o'clock at night this door is bolted and barred. From 10 until 12 all who go In or out must pay 4 cents. After 12 the charge is doubled. The tax must be paid every time one passes through the doorway, without exception. If a man has occasion to go in and out half a dozen times, be must pay every time. One who has dined with a friend must, if he stay late, pay 4 cents to get out of his friend's house, and 4 more to get into his own. A telegram in the night neces sitates the payment of the tax before the boy can enter. The house-master also collects and keeps duplicate copies of the forms on which every Individual In the house must report to the police his age, birth place and religion, his exact occupation, and other personal details which the Austrian authorities insist upon know ing. Nor does the power of this im portant personage end even here. From the little guard-room which lie occu pies at the foot of the stairs he sees every one who goes in or out. He as certains with amazing accuracy the amount of each tenant's income, the events of his family life, and the char acter of his visitors. His far-reaching power enables him to terrorize every servant in the bouse into entering his intelligence department, and thus he spies on the innermost life of the sub jects in nis five-story kingdom. In some cases the house-master is more powerful than in others. A En glish resident was obliged to move from an apartment that he particularly liked because he could not venture to speak with any degree <*f sharpness to the man at the door, even when the man was remiss in his duties. The flat was owned by a railway belonging to the state. This made the house-master a state official, an insult to whom is a very serious offense in Vienna. A repri mand for delaying letters would be con strued into an insult, and the English man deemed it wise to move to other quarters. Thousands of people in Vienna live in such terror of the house-master that, it is said, they never make an apple tart without giving him half. THESE DOGS STEAL ANTELOPE. What is regarded as the most curious dog in all Europe was captured a few months ago in the Soudan and was pre sented to the Zoological Garden in I'aris by M. de Labretoigne du Mazel, director of foreign affairs in Senegal. The scientific name of this animal is "lycaon pictus," and it is the first specimen that has been taken alive, at least in modern times. Prof. E. Osta TI1E LYCAON riCTVS. let admits that it slightly resembles a hyena in color and in the shape of its head anu teeth; but, on the other hand, its hind legs are of the same height as tiie front legs, whereas the hind legs of a hyena are shorter. Moreover, its form, which closely resembles that of a sheep dog. is much more elegant than the form of t hyena, its color is yel low, black # and gray, and its counte nance is very intelligent. In Africa these dogs often annoy sportsmen by carrying off antelope and other game which they have killed. When they cannot get a meal in this way they hunt for prey themselves, and. as they are possessed of great speed and en durance. they quickly run down any animal they pursue. According to anti quarians. the old Egyptians were wont to train these dogs and use them for hunting antelope. A Ravenous Shark. While the British barque Lutter worth was lying becalmed in the trop ics, a large shark was observed swim ming around. A hook with a chain at tached. was baited with a four-pound piece of pork. The shark made for it and bolted it. In hauling him up the chain parted, and he coolly swallowed the book, the chain and the pork. An other hook was then baited, which he instantly seized, biting a three-inch rope in twain, and swallowing the part, with another four-pound piece of pork. A third hook was then baited with a similar piece of pork, and with this the shark was caught and lauded on the main deck. All hands cleared from him, for he was in a terrible flut ter. His tall was cut off with the car penter's axe, which quieted him a lit tle. Some said it was not the same shark that had been hooked before. He was accordingly cut open, when tiie two large shark books and the chain and the rope were found snugly coiled away, with eight pounds of pork, in bis locker. A Real Need. "Here's an invention that enables you to see the man who rings you up over the telephone." "That's well enough. But what is really needed is something that will enable you to punch him in the jaw."— Detroit Free Press. Ever notice how you dislike people who wear bogus diamonds? Don't in dulge in the bogus; people detect everÿ bogus claim as quickly as they detect logus Jewelry. E ❖ MANAGING A HUSBAND. çrp HERE is a positive exhilaration J I to l >e derived from bringing all band whose business worries have pur-; sued him from the office, ibere is a genuine delight to fight with the un known anxieties which his love will not permit him to unburden at borne. It brings out all the tact and patience and diplomacy, all the charms and graces of a woman's character to trans form a cross, tired, worn-out husbaud into a new man,—just by a good din ner and a little tact. But to manage a husband wlicp there are so many kinds of husbands re quires more than any other tiling a thorough study of your subject. To "meet your husband with a smile," which is the old-fashioned rule for all ills. Is enough to make a nervous, ir ritable man frantic. Look him over before you even smile. Don't sing or hum if he bns a headache, or begin to tell him the news before you have fed him. If there is cue rule to lay down —which there is not, or if I were giv ing automatic advice—which 1 am uot —1 should say that most 'men come home like hungry animals, and require first of all to be fed.—Lilian Bell, in Harpar's Bazar. How to Wait on the Table Quickly, Now 1 want to call your attention to a little point that facilitates the wait ing wonderfully. It is the having of an extra plate. The waitress holds this extra plate In her band and gives It to the host ns she receives the plate from him which he has filled. She takes this to the guest and brings bnek a plate, which she again gives to the host as she receives the next plate. In this way, you see, thé host can be helping the course while tiie uiaid is taking the plate to each place. Otherwise he would have- to wait until she had returned with each plate. You can see, it makes the waiting on the table much quicker work. In placing tiie plate the waitress goes to the right, in serving to the left. A good waitress will hold her hands in tiie middle, underneath tiie dish of vege tables. stooping over and putting tiie disli down near the guest. She holds It in lier left hand. Then there is no 1 awkward reaching to tiie level of your head, in order to help yourself, as is sometimes necessary with an untrained maid. The Well-Bred Woman, The best-bred women do not fuss. They take tlieir gowns and their furni ture, their Jewels and tlieir children as a matter of course. v They are un conscious of their veils and their gloves, and they expect every one else to be 'equally so. If they see au inti mate wearing a handsome gown they refer to it admiringly, but they also preface tlicit' 'comment with an apol ogy. Their differences with their hus bands are not aired, neither are the domestic upheavals caused by the de sertion of the cook on wash morn ing. Tiie repose of th? well-bred woman is not the quiet of weakuess. It Is the calm of trained faculties, balanced so nicely that an earthquake may cause a change of color, but will uot bring forth a loud cry. Well-bred women are a boon to the human race. They help the social and professional world to maintain a high standard both of morals and behavior. —Philadelphia Telegraph. Devoted to Children. Mrs. Frederic Schoff, of Philadelphia, tiie newly elected President of the Na tional Congress of Mothers, has been prominent for many years in societies having for their ol» _ __ ject improvements in tiie laws relating to the care of children. It was largely through her efforts that the new ju venile court law was passed in Pennsyl mbs. schoff. vania, entirely re moving children from appearance in tiie criminal courts. Mrs. Schoff has a beautiful home and children of her own, to whom she is devoted. Women as Librarians. A field of work for women which seems specially suited to them is the profession of trained librarians. - lu the United States there are thousands of public libraries, besides private, reference and college and school li braries, and in all these there is said to be au inoreasiug demand for the services of graduates of library train ing schools. There are three of these large training schools in the United States which are open to women on equal terms with men. The Corset Pad. The corset pad is a heart-shaped piece of silk, tiie size of a tea plate. It has a double interlining of cotton. A rueh iug of ribbon is around the edge. It is worn, point downward, pinned to the outside of the corset to give the low, full-busted effect that is the fashion able desire. There need not be a sachet annex to it; just the pad, which is strictly for improving the figure, and which gives that low-fronted look as surely as does the pointed belt. The Black Skirt. "They say" that to be without a black lace skirt this season is to be pitifully poor as to one's wardrobe. It Is the back dress skirt, the one to which the fancy bodice Is most wedded. Above all, there Is no skirt that may be worn upon a greater number of different occasions. It Las, In short, taken the place of the black satin skirt of some yenrs ng0 and the black taf . f ebl a later period. How to m period. How to make one's black lace skirt chic and charm ing and at the same time unlike every body's else is the problem. The mate rial does not admit of much variety. Be the flounces many or few, the gen eral character of the skirt must ever be the same. An Old-New Coiffure. Each season as it comes, writes "A Society Butterfly," brings some new styles in hairdressing. This year the most striking novelty seems to be the long, loose curl on the neck. 'Like most other fashions, it is a revival, and hod its birth In the early '00s, when Queen Alexnpdra came over to England, as the "sea-king's daughter." The curl must come from the back of the neck, lie brought forward to the front, be neatly, evenly twisted, and—this is most important—be what is termed a "fat" curl. 1 wax. half nil ounce spermaceti Health and Beauty Hints. To prevent a mustard plaster from In juring the skin mix the mustard with the white of an egg. For a toilet paste take equal parts of white of egg, barley flour, und honey. Mix well and apply at night. Mutton tallow to which a few drops of carbolic acid is added will heal sores or .any raw surface on man or beast. The curative value of fruit Is becom ing more and more insisted upon by those who make a study of dietetics. A dasli of lemon juice in plain water Is an excellent tooth wash. It not only removes tartar, but sweetens the breath. Chronic nnsnl catarrh mny often be cur (Ml by syringing the nose with warm water to which lias been added a little carbonate of soda. Glycerin and lemon juice, half and half, on a bit of absorlnnit cotton, is the liest tiling in the world wherewith to moisten the lips of a fever patleut. For chapped hands or lips take four ounces of oil of roses, one ounce white Melt in a glass vessel and thoroughly mix. A nice wash is composed of three lemons, one ounce of nmniotiin and one ounce of glycerine; put these in a half pint bottle and fill up with rose water. The Juice of a lemon taken in hot water on awakening in the morning is an excellent liver corrective and is bet ter than any anti-fat medicine invented. The finest of manicure acids is made by putting n teaspoonful of lemon juice in a cupful of warm water. This re moves most stains from the fingers and nulls. Acids formed by the decomposition of food within the mouth are always waging war upon the teeth by breaking down tlieir enamel, and to guurdagainst tliis evil care should he taken to thor oughly cleanse the mouth at least night and morning, even if it he uot possible to do so after every meal. Grievance of the Soprano. There won't be nary siugin' in the meet in' house to-day, Which conic about, from what I hear, in somethin' this here way: James Hopkins, who's the tenor, sung a solo Sunday night. Which them as henrd hhn sing it says was just about all right. Of course. Miss Smith, soprunner, heard 'em sounding James' es praise. An' practiced up a solo for the next suc ceedin' days.' She says: "This tenor singin' may be fine, but I'd admire To have the congregation know who's star of this here choir." Now, Hopkins, he gits skeery of the fair sopranner's song, Fearin' fur his repitation if Miss Smith's should git too strong. So he gits the bass an' alto, an* he says to 'em, snys he: "If she's the hull ding choir, what. I says, is, who be we?" Then they nil go in together, an' consider this an* that. An' finally tell the parson that Miss Smith is singin' flat. "As long's she sings with us," they say, "it won't he gen'ly known. But in the church's int'rest, please don't let her sing alone." The parson, he loves music, an' not want in' nothin' wrong. He fixes up the program so's to leave out ' Miss Smith's song. And then there starts a rumpus like a person never sees, Exceptin' in a choir on occasions such as these. Miss Smith, she says the tenor's got o voice that's like a file. An' the alto's style o' singin' would con vulse a crocodile. An' the bass is mighty lucky, so she tells 'em all, if he Manages by feelin' 'round him once a week to hit the key. 'Course that kind o' conversation sort o' mixes matters some, Hopkins says that Miss Smith's singin's suited fur the deef an' dumb. Then she claims that just exceptin' her and p'r'haps the organist. All the choir could quit singin' without ever bein' missed. Well, the upshot is the parson tries to set the matter right. An' gits all the congregation mixed up in a gen'ral fight. Which becomes so comprehensive that along the last the week There ain't left in the whole milin' no two members that will speak, —Partit ad Oregonian.