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Washing; by Wind Power.
The Illustration shows how to attach an ordinary washing machine to a windmill. Chas. H. Rhode, of Iowa. Touches for the efficiency of the device. It does the hardest part of the work, he •ays. aqd while It works the one doing the washing can rinse and hang out. We have a wash house around the milL •Iso a large stove with a kettle inside. To construct, get an old wheel about two and a half feet in diameter, an old mower wheel being good; place it about eight feet from the platform, as shown. Then connect it bjf pitman A to a spoke of the wheel and to the plunger of windmill. Regulate the stroke of the WISDMLL WASHER. wheel by fastening pitman close to the bub for a long stroke and near the rim f*r a shorter one. Cut a wood pulley and place it l>etweer. the large wheel of washing machine. On most washing machines a pulley an inch and a quar ter thick and eight inches in diameter «an be placed there. Belt the two wheels together and fasten the belt to the small pulley by driving in some nails or screws at the opposite side from the lever to the handle to prevent the belt from slipping. Also fasten the belt In the same manner to the large wheel after it is adjusted, so they can net get out of time. 1 use a short strap, about six feet long, with a snap in each end. to go around the small pulley, and for the rest I use an old sprocket chain off an old binder and snap the straps to It for belt. In that way one can take op the slack and there isn't so much strap to stretch. B is a board to fit tight on top of machine to hold it down, and when the lid is raised it swings back where dotted lines are. out of the •way. This is not a rotary motion, which would lie hard to get from a pump plunger." Good Hog House. A Nebraska correspondent writes Iowa Homestead as follows: "I have noticed a number of hog houses for brood sows, but have seen noue such as we use iu our neighborhood. 1 put one up lately and will describe it. I used 2x4's for the frame, sided with «trop siding or shiplap and roofed with roofing cut in two. six feet on one side and four feet on the other, to make doors. For platform and floor we used 1x6 fencing and yellow pine. For foun dation we used red cedar posts. It can be built any length desired. The one I put up is fifty feet long and the plat form is 11x18 feet. The stalls are 4Vjx7 feet which I think is big enough for any sow. When the door is open it will let the sun in and if the door is BROOD SOW HOUSE. shut It will keep the rain out. • I am In favor of a little sunshine for pigs and I think it is a great help to them. The house must be put up east and west and the doors be put in on the south side. The doors are made to swing hack, as seen at A. B. shows how to make a door. Where the legs come together or cross each other bore a hole and put a bolt through the legs and fence board. A 1x6 is used to bold the building together every four »mI a half 'eet. The small doors 2x2 where sows go in and out are shown slao. Little gates are made to pen them «P- _ Demand for Peppers. The demand for peppers that are mild ■n flavor Is increasing yearly, and the vogetable Is one that may be grown with profit by any ■inrket gardener. To get the best re sults with peppers the seeds should be started in a hot bed, sad when the planta are about an Inch high they should be trans planted to small gets filled with fine and rich soil, sad grown In this manner un dhr the protection of a cold flteuae until June, when they may . flw transplanted to the open ground. plants shonld be set two and one ■ndf feet apart in rich soil and manure shpsld be worked in around the roots tffletoeatly during the season of growth. • Ths Illustration shows the variety. Mountain, which is very mild in , WflStderful Seed«. gpnf* of tho man with wonderful '.'Äs : la A Jferitable gold-brick §|4|sgulse. His stock iss seed, corn % 1.000 yean old taten from an Artec tomb and of wonderful productiveness, wheat taken from a Nile pyramid, wonderful forage grass of drought resisting qualities from the Sahara desert, and other producta from dis tant lands. It won't pay to experi ment with him. Testing Seed Corn. There is no excuse for any one plant ing corn that Is low in vitality and if the seed corn has not been well se lected either during the growing sea son or in the fall and well cared for during the winter, it should be tested at any time now before it Is time to plant. There are several methods of testing corn, one of them to sprout the i kernels between pieces of flannel \ which are kept saturated with water, j A better plan ir one that should be familiar to all farmers. Take a large | until the sand absorbs all it will, then j pour off the surplus water. Select j fifty or 100 kernels of corn, taking ! flat dish, a large soup plate is just the thing, and fill It with very fine sand. Over this pour water until the dish is brimming full; allow this to stand them from the centers of the ears, and place them in the sand, point down. Then sprinkle a little dry sand over the wet cover the .».ate with another inverted and set in a warm room. Watch closely, and if the sand gets dry moisten with warm water. In a week all of the kernels that will sprout will show the plant Keep for ten days or two weeks, when the result should show 95 per cent sprouted. If less than this sprout it will not be a safe risk to use the corn for seed for the vitality will be too low to reason ably expect good results. This is a simple test, but a sure one and readily made. Hints for the Stable. Whitewash the stable once or twice a year; use land plaster in the manure glitters daily. , Clean and thoroughly air the stable before^milking; in hot weather sprin kle the floo , \ Use no ^ry. dusty feed just previous to milking; if fodder is dusty, sprinkle it before it is fed. Keep dairy cattle in a room or build ing by themselves. It is preferable to have no cellar below and no storage loft above. Stables should be well ventilated, lighted and drained; should have tight floors and walls and be plainly con structed. Ö Potato Chowder. Pare and cut into dice six good-sized potatoès; chop tine one onion; put a quarter of a pound of fat ham or salt pork through the chopper. Uook the meat and onion slowly until the latter begins to color. Turn in the potatoes, one tablespoon of chopped parsley, half a teaspoon of salt and quarter of a teaspoon of white pepper; mix. then add a pint and a half of boiling wa ter and stew gently until the potatoes are almost done. In the meantime make a sauce of a tablespoon each of butter and flour and one pint of milk. Pour this into the first saucepan, add a little more salt if necessary, and simmer for five minutes longer. Pork Tenderloins. The tenderloins are* uulike any other part of the pork in flavor; they may be either fried or broiled, the latter being dryer, require to be well buttered be fore serving, which should be done on a hot platter before the butter becomes oily; fry them in a little lard, turning them to have them cooked through; w^ien done, remove, and keep hot while making a gravy by dredging a little flour into the hot fat; if not enough, add a little butter or lard, stir until browned, and add a little milk or cream, stir briskly, and pour over the dish. A little Worcestershire sauce may be added to the gravy. If desired. Brief Hints. If you want your potatoes mealy wrap a baked one, when It is done. In a towel and press until it bursts. The rich cheeses, which have the larg est percentage of fat, are those which blend well with bread, in sandwiches or with macaroni or rice. A nice tea dish is a plain blanc mange, flavored with vanilla, stirred In two cupfuls of stoned dates, and pour ed into a mold, which is set on Ice to cool. For date mush, stir In cup of dates (stoned and separated) when your mush—a cupful—has been thoroughly cooked. Cook ten minutes and serve with cream or Birup. A good dinner for to-day would con sist of cream of corn soup, rolled loin of veal, mashed potatoes, spinach with egg, lettuce salad, cottage pudding, lemon sauce, and coffee. One of the daintiest of salads con sists of chopped grape fruit, pineapple, orange, and pecan kernels, and sprin kled with French dressing. Serve, In the outer leaves of a green cabbage! A suggestion for what may be desig nated as a substantial dinner; Cream of celery, boiled leg of mutton, caper sauce, boiled potatoes, young carrots boiled, lettuce salad, water blBcutts toasted, and coffee. Date gems require cream, together with one cup of sugar and quarter cup of butter. Add two beaten eggs, half cup milk, teaspoonful of baking pow der,'to make thick batter. Bake in mod erste oven la gem panai MAKING P OSTAGE 8TAMPS. How Unde Sam Manafactar** Them— New Series of Portrait*. For some timt» Uncle Sam baa been busily engaged in preparing a new se ries of postage stamps. Of late years the United States has dropped Into the fashion of changing the designs of Its mailing franks more frequently than almost any nation, and gradually the first republic of the new world bas come to the proud position of possess ing postage stamps that are more ar tistic than those sent out from auy other country. It is not easy to understand what an immense amount of work Is necesslta ted by the advent of new styles in this postal currency. What with the men who manufacture the paper, the 2.000 or 3.000 men and women who assist in printing and gumming the stamps, the toilers who help in transporting the new products of the printing presses and the 80,000 postmasters and clerks who sell the stamps to the public, it Is estimated that fully 100,000 persons have a hand in preparing for a postage stamp "opening." For upward of a decade the national government has been printing Its own postage stamps—that is, the work has been done at the big institution at Washington known as the Bureau of Printing and Engraving, which is a branch of the Treasury Department, and designed primarily for the print ing the national currency—but the gi gantic task may at any time revert to private individuals or a corpora tion if a disposition is shown to do the work cheaper than the government can do it. Every year the Postofflce Depart ment advertises for bids for furnishing ! (he postage stamps, and the Treasury Department submits a proposition in exactly the same manner as the other bidders, but the plant of the big money factory at the national capital Is so perfectly equipped that the manufac ture of stamps can be carried on at a cost of less than 5 cents a 1,000, and apparently the bank-note companies which formerly supplied stamps have concluded that there would be no profit in the transaction at such a price. It is iu the Postoffice Department that the first step is taken looking to the making'of a new series of stamps. This is the Important work of passing in a general way upon the designs of the new stamps and more particularly WETTING PAPER AND PRESSING STAMPS. SIZING IT FOR STAMPS. the selection of the portraits which are to adorn them. It was decided in the : present instance that the first postage j as it, stamp series of the new century should possess a distinctive element of novel ty and so the postal officials asked the designers at the Bureau of Print ing and Engraving not only to prepare new designs for borders and employ new shades of color, but to make the new stamps of different size and shape from the old and procure, if possible, new portraits for their adornment. The proposal to indicate the date of issue by imprinting the words, "Se ries „1902," marked another innovation and" so also does the plan of placing beneath the portrait on each denomina tion the name of the subject with the date of birth and death. / The new series of stamps, like each of its predecessors. makes some changes in the circle of historical per sonages whose memory is perpetuated in this popular picture gallery aud in the denominations of the stamps. There Is a newcomer in the form of a 13-cent stamp which will not often be employed for domestic use. It is designed particularly for the conven ience of persons who wish to send reg istered letters abroad and this frank of the supposedly unlucky denomina tion bears the portrait of the late Benjamin Harrison, who had not pre viously had a place In the Postal De partment's useful collection of mlna tnres. Commodore Perry, whose face has adorned stamps continuously since 1870, Is superseded by another famous tighter, Admiral Farragut. Tbe art critics in the Postofflce De partment also concluded that it would be a good Idea to have uniformity In tbe general style of portraits employed and the désignera were, therefore, obliged to skirmish around and find good, full-face portraits of Franklin. Washington, and Jefferson to replace the profiles on tbe 1. 2, and 3 cent stamps. All these changes serve to emphasize the fact that Miss Columbia bas been ratber fickle with regard to tbe public men honored by places on her postage stamps. Washington, of course, has been fitly recognized and In tbe series of stamps which went into use just half a cen tury ago hla portrait. In one style or another, has appeared on all the de nominations save two. Franklin and Jackson likewise bave held places with scant interruption, and the portrait of Lincoln has appeared In every series a a ! since tne civil war. President Johnson and Arthur, however, never had places In the postal '»art collection, nor, of course, bas Grover Cleveland, who, while living, Is Ineligible. Stanton. Scott, Hamilton and Zach ary Taylor were all portrayed on pos tage stamps at one time or another, but have had to give way to statesmen of more recent prominence. Nor, in deed. will the changes end here, for It is expected that as soon as the new McKinley postal card has served the usual period of usefulness and been re tired hla portrait will supplant that of either Sherman or Webster. Engraving the plates which are used In the production of postage stamps Is a delicate operation. Perhaps a dozen different engravers, each an expert In his particular line, contributes to a de sign for a stamp that is not an inch square. One supplies the vignette, a second cuts the delicate scrojl work, a third furnishes the artistic lettering, and so on. The original plate bearing a stamp design, although baked until it Is almost as hard as a diamond. Is never employed In the actual printing. It is much too precious for that, since, were It destroyed. It would In all prob ability be Impossible to engrave a new plate that would be an exact duplicate in every delicate detail. Accordingly, the original plate constitutes a steel die, with which impressions are made on soft steel, and these latter, termed replicas, are used, after hardening, for the actual printing. Sher.ock Holmes Outdone. "Speaking of deduction," remarked Lew Derlacher, a well-known spotting man. "1 did a little piece of Sherlock Holmes work the other night that puz zled a friend of mine. 1 was riding in a street car with a man who is Interest ed in athletics, and he was anxious to learn the whereabouts of a certain pu gilist. I couldn't tell bim where to find the boxer, but I said: 'We'll take the next car and ask Lew Bailey. He'll know.' We got off the car and boarded the following one, and it was not until Bailey had given him the desired infor mation that my friend noticed anything strange. 'How did you know Lew was on this car?' he asked; 'did you see him get on?' 'No.' I answered, 'but I de duced that he was aboard.' 'Deduced?' 'Yes. Notice that big diamond in Lew'3 tie. Well, when you asked me about the boxer's address I happened to look back, and for an lbstant my eye was I dazzled by a scintillation in the car be hind. 'That's a diamond, and a big one.' thought I. 'and I don't, know of anybody who wears a diamond ns big as a doorknob but Bailey.' I chanced it, and we boarded this car. You know tbe rest.' ''—Philadelphia Record. Perplexities that Come with Triplets. "1 was called," said a physician, "to attend triplets. The three youngsters, a few weeks old. lay side by side in a crib, and it was a physical impossibil ity to tell one from the other. Each had a different ailment. The mother knew that one had a cough, but did not know what it was. Mother aud doc tor waited for a cough before deciding to which one of the trio it belonged. "A different medicine was prescrib ed for each, and the anxious mother was perplexed to know how she should avoid giving the wrong medicine to the wrong child. The doctor came to the rescue by placing a piece of red flan nel around the neck of one bottle and a strip of similar material around the arm of the child to whom it was to be given. White ltnen and a piece of green cloth were used respectively for the other two."—Philadelphia Times. Large Flocks of Sheep. Australia is the wool center of tbe world. It possesse more than 100,000,. 000 sheep, and It cuts enough wool from their backs to bring in £20,000,000 a year. It has some of the largest flocks of sheep ever gathered together, and Job's cattle upon a thousand hills can» not compare with them. In proof of this It may be said that there are a hundred men in New South Wales alone who each own 50,000 bead; there are hun dreds more who have 20,000 head; four hundred who each have 10,000; and many who own flocks of 1,000 and up wards. There are twenty-one men who each own 100.000 sheep. To Repeal Woman Suffrage. Colorado politicians are quietly ma turing plana to repeal the constitution al amendment relating to equal suff rage, and at tbe nelt session of tbe Legislature will Introduce a bill to that effect. The movement will have back ing In both parties and will undoubted ly pass if put to a vote of the people. There Is a terribly large number of girls who dust off the parlor'ornaments In tbe morning, and have nothing else to do al l day. _ A married man has It thrown up to him a dosen times a day. TO PRE8ERVE BEAUTY. W ITHOUT entering on the vast subject of the value of relative washes or tonics for the skiu, I wish to give a few hygienic hints which may be found of service to those who have the woman instinct of wish ing to make the best of the. beauty and health that Providence has given them. Sleep is one of the great preservers of youth. Eight hours of regular sleep at night and a short nap during the dav will do much to keep the face free from wrinkles. Always sleep with the bed room window open a few lnchea at the top, both in summer and winter. A dally morning bath, tepid In winter and cold In summer, with a brisk rub to follow, will be found to keep the skin fresh and clear. At least a couple of hours must be spent In the open air, elth'er in walk ing, bicycling, or playing games, as cir cumstances permit. All tight clothing must be avoided, and is often the cause of enlarged veins and red noses. The effect of diet on the skin Is of the utmost importance, and many derma tologists have made a careful study of this aspect of the question. Abstention from all rich food and stimulants has been tried with success. A great lady, who was famous even In her old age for her beautifully clear complexion and freedom from wrinkles, wus once persuaded to tell the secret of her youthful looks. The answer was very simple. Abstinence had been the rule of her life. No tea, coffee or stimulant of any kind; instead of taking animal food, try some boiled fish or a couple of eggs every day. Drink lemonade or water, eat apples, grapes uud tigs regu larly. Take the raw juleo of a lemon every other day. • Never fall to walk several miles per day. Bathe frequently In almost col., water. Above all. never let anything have the power to worry you, but al ways try to remain calm and cheerful. Prominent Amons Women. Promineut among the women who have by their personal influence and unceasing labors on the lecture plat form, and in divers other ways, endeav ored to advance the cause of woman suffrage, and who has, by the exercise of her talent, come to be recognized as the foremost wom an lecturer of the day, is Rev. Anna Howard Shaw. rev. anna Shaw. Miss Shaw has been actively identified with women's clubs for years and lias frequently been hon ored by office in leading societies. Miss Shaw came to America With her parents from England when she was 4 years old. The family settled in Massachusetts, hut later moved to Michigan, where the rudiments of her education were acquired. When years old she joined the Methodist Church, and in 1873 was granted a local preacher's license by the Methodist Church. She was the first woman or dained by the denomination. After ac ceptably filling a pastorate at East Denis Miss Shaw determined to brond en .the scope of her labors, and became lecturer for the Masachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. Soon she was called by the National Woman's Suf frage Association as lecturer, aud since has been active in its affairs. In 1892 she was chosen Vice President at large of the association, and has been re elected several times. Her influence with women in general is as far-reach ing and powerful as that of any other woman In America. of to Drudgery of Being a Wife. I have lived a good long time In the world. I have made acquaintances by the hundred; friends — not so many. Looking back upon all the people I have known, I can safely say that the number of unhappy marriages I have personally witnessed has been very small indeed, said Sir Waited, Besant. By far the larger number of wives have accepted cheerfully the position of housekeeper and matron. They have kept house for \the husband and chil dren whose happiness 1? their own. Many of them have kept house with the earnest intention of making house beautiful, which became a con tinual feast for themselves; many of them have brought art into every part of tbe dally life, which has been a con tinual feast for themselves, as well as tbe other members of the house; for all the matrons the daily work has been a dally delight. Then, as for tbe drudg ery and monotony, Is there none in a man's work? Think of the monotony and drudgery of a city clergyman's life, when every day he has to tramp around the un grateful slums. Think of the monotony and drudgery of the solicitor, always drawing up endless documents In the hideous legal jargon. No. The mo notony of life, I am quRe sure. Is pret ty evenly ladled out to working man or wedded wife. _ With "On* Tatest.» Unlike the example ^Jted in Holy Writ, there are some people wbo con trive to make more out of tbe "one tal ent" In tbe way of position, looks or fortune that bas been ; vouchsafed to them than those wbo bave tbe "ten tal ents.'' To make what Is called tbe best ont of one's self or one's circumstances is a most enviable quality. In most cases soch ability Is Inborn, and ds the for the a the in and aud low one ing ing er a velops Itself naturally, but It can also bo cultivated, If an Individual pos sesses certain characteristics. Self confidence Is the greatest essential, bat this must be tempered by a keen per ception, or It will become boastful, a quality that Is fatal to success; or ob viously pushing, which Is a predispo sition that generally defeats Its own end. A certain amount of the latter, however, Is In a way necessary, as the world does not go ont of Its path to discover rnra avae, and Is besides somewhat shortsighted, so that people must be brought under Its nose, as It were, either through tbeir own energy or tbe praise of others, to discover theAr merits. An admixture of tact, therefore. Is a most necessary accom ipaniment; while last, but not least, ambition and good management should also be added as prime factors. With qualities such as these, an income of a few thousands per annum may keep up as creditable an establishment as one double the amount. A woman who happens to find the social door ajar, enn boldly enter It. Good looks vplll score as much as beauty, and no care or expense bestowed upon the bouse, beautiful clothes, entertainments, etc., will be lost. The woman wbo can do these things—and there are many such —would prove a veritable helpmeet to the ambitious man, wbo in this country especially Is often grêatly handicapped matrimonially, as fitness and ability are about the last things a man consid ers In choosing a wife. UU\ or to Dressmakers have discovered that the lace all-overs are possessed of even greater possibilities than the narrow appliques. Hence we see them used for everything from whole dresses to the tiniest appliques—some one figure, a leaf or a flower, being chosen for the latter. Then, too. these cut up into big bands, some of them a dozen Inches in width. These are Usually edged with the narrowest sort of a scroll applique in the same lace. A band set on the skirt In apron overskirt effect serves admirably to head a flared or a plaited flounce. For these dresses silky voile and crepe de chine are ideal fabrics, aud white is first choice. The new model used for accordion pleated gowns is much less bulky be low the waist than the styles used in former seasons. The latter skirt is shaped by gores Instead of beiug cut in one piece, and when Joined these gores form a circular shape, which, when pleated, clings closely to the hips, fall ing in graceful folds to the hem. These pleats are shallow at the top, deepen ing gradually as they approach the low er edge, where a pretty sweep length Is given. Heavy canvas weaves are ultra-smart for promenade costumes. One in navy blue, while silky and fine to the touch, looks as coarse as burlap. Stitched black taffeta strapping finishes it off most modlshly. Note the goods closely aud you see It is but a variation on that prime favorite, voile. At first glance, though, it seems no possible relation to that. Raised cords, fancy stripes, raised figures, broad satin stripes, small, shiny figures raised on the surface, diversify the all-white madras, which comes in plenty of time to help out the woman who likes all-white toilets. Note* for the Housekeeper. Rub celery on the hands to remove the odor of onions. Nothing Is more charming In the way of plants than a wistaria trained into a tree. Apple blosoms on some of tbe attrac tive cretonne are used for covering for summer furniture. _ Big water coolers come in nickel with a filter attachment, and In front a small tray witb a drainer upon which to place the drinking-glass. For inexpensive toilet ware for tbe bedroom one of the prettiest sets is of a pale apple green crockery In the solid color, with inconspicuous lines of gold upon It. Used with the enameled stands. It looks cool, clean and refreshing. Moire effects are to be seen In some of the new wall papers. T2ese are in solid colors, and bave as a rale flower borders, which are ratber narrow. One yellow paper baa a narrow border of yellow In festoons. In each point where tbe drapery effect is caught up there are a few roses. One of tbe window draperies to go with papers and cretonnes in the /.hfrm tn g flower patterns Is Of cream scrim, always a graceful material, witb a line of flowers matching tbe paper; an d , perhaps, cut from tbe covering of tbe paper, applied as a border, set In a little distance from tbe edges of tbs curtains.