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<3 E> D * K» to . ; j ing We we and Handy New Barret. For farmers who preserve and ex- as port fruit, as well as for growers, but- had ter merchants, sea captains and many others, a new barrel has much interest, had ln order to ascertain the condition of ! en fruit or provisions which are stored in an ordinary barrel a man must either j it empty the barrel or, at any rate, re move the greater portion of Its con tents. If he uses this new barrel, how ever, all this trouble will be unneces sary. since one of its staves is mov able and whenever he desires to inspect the contents of the barrel all he need do Is to move this stave to one side. A HANDY BARREL. After he has satisfied himself that the contents are in good condition he can replace the stave, and it will be held firmly in proper position by the hoops. Another advantage Is that in this way fresh air can at any time be ad mitted to all parts of the barrel, and that this will prove a boon in the case of fruit and provisions is undoubted. A Rood Seed Bed. The importance of having land made well pulverized and mellow before seeds are sown or planted in it is not all In the fact that the roots penetrate It better when so than when it is in coarse lumps, and thus find more eas ily the plant food that is in it, though this is an important consideration, hut It is true that the seed germinates more rapidly after two or three days, and Vith some varieties a week, before it comes up in soil that is but half work ed, in which, by the way, much seed may fail to germinate at all. The soil that is fine and mellow tits closely around the seed and gives a supply of moisture to all parts alike. It excludes the drying air, and yet it is more even ly warmed by a bright sun, which helps to draw up moisture from below by capillary attraction. An extra day spent in putting a field in good condi tion before the seed is put in will not only hasten the growth and maturity of the crop, but will increase its amount.—Exchange. I 1 ' J j j ! j I ter j as of Inexpensive Corn Marker. Many of the expensive corn markers are quite complicated, hence farmei'3 give up using them and go back to the old methods. The one shown in the illustration is so simple and so inexpen sive to construct that any farmer with a considerable area to put into corn will find it well worth having. The construction can be readily seen from the cut, and by following the di mensions given one ought to experi ence no difficulty in making this mark SIMPLE COBIT MARKER. er. It is designed, as will be seen, for two horses. Each of the three runners ta two feet long and made of two-.by flix stuff. Planks are attached to the runners a shown, and the pole fasten ed to the center, running by a series of bolts with nuts. The side arm is fastened to the sled with a swivel and Is reversible. In op eration a rope la simply attached to the shoe of the marker and the other end hooked to the singletree. The mark er is t'hua held taut, but by having it on a swivel and using the rope as sug gested there is no danger of Its being broken by coming In contact with •tones or heavy clods. For the usual rows three and one-half feet apart, the arm Is ten and one-half feet long and made of two-inch material. Bran and Bhorta. When we apeak of shorts for stock or poultry feeding we mean that which la at titled to the name. We do not mean bran that has been reground to make it liner, and especially would we «▼old It If we thought that the cause of the regrinding was that the bran *»ad been wet, soured and caked up. A few yean ago a neighbor complained to us that his cows were not giving their usual amount of milk, and were growing lean, and some of them were scouring badly. The ration he was feed ing seemed to be In the right propor tions. and bis ensilage was good. After examining all else, we asked to see the shorts, which he fed quite liberally. We saw It, we smelled of It, and then we tasted of it. Although it looked and smelled nil right, the taste was enough to reveal that It was as sour as any pickle. All the good qualities had been destroyed by overheating when damp, and while the regrinding had reduced the caked lumps and tak en away the sour smell, it had not re stored the feeding value. And of that it probably never had any more than coarse bran and the sweepings of the mill that might have been added to it. —New England Homestead. Feeder for Calves or Colts. About the biggest nuisance on the farm is. the, young calf or colt that won't learn to drink milk from a pail until after repeated efforts have almost made the farmer give up in disgust, but, as this is the way these animals usually behave, the labor saving ar rangement pictured below will find ready approval among those whose duty it is to care for these animals. All that it is necessary to do with this apparatus is to attach one end to a fence, hang the pail in the cen I ter and attach the calf to the outer ehd j for a few feedings, and after that he will see to the attaching himself, as far as his end is concernes. It is not nat ural for a calf to drink at the age they are usually compelled to begin, and one of the results Is that when the animal does learn to drink, it swallows the milk so rapidly that an attack of In digestion is sure to follow. Fumigate the Fowls. A desire is sometimes expressed by poultry keepers for a box for fumigat ing fowls. The larger poultry supply houses have such in stock and one is shown herewith. The essentials are a tight box with a hole so arranged that the bird's head is outside the box. The space around the bird's neck must be □ Jj at a to FOR FUMIGATING FOWLS. packed to prevent escape of smoke. During the operation the legs are tied to keep the fowl steady. The tobacco stems or similar material must be so placed as to avoid risk of fire or acci dent. A smoking of this kind should last three or four hours, and is the best way to quickly clear insects from a sit ting hen or other badly infested fowl. Grease the bird's head before smok ing, to clear the lice from that part.— Farm and Home. How to Grow Cow Peas. To grow cow peas the soil should be prepared the same as for the corn crop, and If the best result, especially in the seed crop, is desired, some fertilizer should be used. The varieties selected should be those that will ripen the crop before early fall frosts, hence in North these sorts should be the early ones, such as Warren's extra early and Early Blackeye. The later varieties may be grown with success in all sections of the South. According to the section the seed should be sown from the mid dle of May to the middle of June, and be drilled In at the rate of twelve pounds per acre, drilling them in rows from two and one half feet to three feet apart each way, so that clean culture, which Is es sential, may be given them. Cultiva tion should be carried on as with corn and continued as long as the vines do not Interfere with the work. Farm Hints. Neighborhoods must pull together In these times. Milk is a great egg food, as it Is chemically similar to the white of an egg Massachusetts farmers who have tried it do not give encouraging reports of alfalfa. Corn should be grown extensively, and the silo Is the cheapest method of preserving it. English beans are upright, rank, bushy growers and have large, oval, coarse pods, and they are usually shell ed and eaten as peas. They are rich in flavor. Don't keep a drug store for your poul try. They will do a great deal better if left alone than to be compelled to take drugs, teas and all sorts of condi tion powders. Doctor only when sick ness appears. TOLSTOI DE NOUNCE S ROST ANC. Is layi Bos ta ad la a Charactsristlc Kuasls of th* Borrow** 1 . It will surprise many literary people ■o learn that Edmqnd Rostand, the au thor of "Cyrano dé Beigarac," was so rerely and publicly criticised by Count i'olstoi as a writer without originality .tefore M. Rostand was charged with plagiarism by Samuel Eberly Gross of Chicago. In Tolstoi's book, "What Is lit?" tranrlated from tho Russian by Charles Johnston, and published at Philadelphia by Henry Altemua In 1398, at page 118, chapter 10, Tolatol begins a description of "The Symbolists and Decadents." "Their art," lays he, "has beet)me poor in material, compli cated, capricious and obscum" Tolstoi then recites the circumstances that led to expressions "In veiled phrases, ob scure for the many, and Intelligent only for the Illuminated.'' "The charm of verse," says Mallarmé, "consists In guessing its meaning, that there should always be a riddle In poetry." "Ob scurity," says Tolstoi, "Is exalted to a dogma." "Artists need not be under stood by the vuigar masses." Chapter 11, page 151, is entitled "The Methods of Imitating Art" "These methods," says Tolstoi, "are, first, bor rowing." "The first method consists in this, to borrow from the former pro ductions of art either whole subjects, or only separate traits of previous po etical productions known to all, and togwork them up again so that with cer tain additions they should seem some thing new." "Subjects borrowed from previous artistic productions are called poetical subjects. Girls, warriors, shepherds, hermits, angels, devils of all kluds, moonlight, storms, inountaius, ehe sea, precipices, flowers, long hair, fions, the lamb, dove and nightingale are considered poetical persons and ob jects." If these borrowings are well worked out In the technical method of the art in which they are made they are accept ed by the public as productions of art. "As a characteristic example," say* Tolstoi, "of this kind of imitation of art In the region of poetry, Rostand's 'La Princesse Lointaine' may be taken, in which there is not a spark of art, but Which seems to many, and probably to Its author also, exceedingly poetical. "Every borrowing Is simply a bring ing back of the reader, spectator or aud itor to some dim memory of the artis tic impressions which they received from former productions of art, and not a contagion by the feeling which the artist himself has experienced. "In borrowing, the artist conveys only the feeling which was conveyed to him; therefore every borrowing of whole subjects or separate scenes, situations, descriptions, is only a reflection of art, a semblance of it, but not art." It can here be seen that Count Tolstoi speaks without personal animus against M. Rostand, but makes him the typical borrower." In America the word bor .-owing" Implies a repayment. Where there is a borrowing without Intention of repayment, a different name is given to the action. In literature it Is called plagiarism, in dramatic art It la called play-piracy. Wltn the open charge in Count Tol stoi's book, leveled against a drama by M. Rostand that preceded "Cyrano de Bergerac,' the intellectual world will be still more curions to know the de tails of the allegations made by Mr. Gross, which are now understood to be multitudinous and damaging even to the good name of the French Academy of Immortals, of which.M. Rostand has been elected a member. The litigation so far instituted is In the form of suits in the United States Circuit Court at Chicago by Samuel Eb erly Gross against Richard Mansfield and others for infringement and piracy of copyright and playright of '*The Merchant Prince of Cornville," a drama written by Samuel Eberiy Gross oyet twenty years ago.—Exchange. A Sedentary Occupation, The young woman had been elected fo the chair of English literature in g small college, and was duly elated. She arrived at the scene of action the day Defore the session opened, says Harper's Magazine, and the president Vas explaining her duties: "I should like you," lie said, "to take the junlbr and senior classes In elocu tion, and also assume charge of the physical culture." "Is there no teacher cf elocution IT "Well, no; not at present.* "And who has charge of phy?fe»l training?" "We have no teacher as yet." "And I was elected to the chair of Singllsh literature?" , ..Yea" "Well," said the young woman with a winning smile, "I will take the work and do what I ean with it, but," abe efl rtwi brightly, "why did yon not tell me that the 'chair* was a settee?" Looted Suspicious. Uncle Geehaw—I've been getting a lot of long type written letters about pat ent medicines lately, an' Sary's mad as hops! Abe Chlnwhlsken—What's she mad about? Uncle Geehaw—Why, she don't see how I come tew get them unless I got tew flirtin' with the pretty typewrites gala that wrote them, when I was tew Noo York last! A Jllckel-Plated Fact. The average man would be better off If be could ea&r look for a $10,000 job with the ease persistence, persevew ance, and patience that he displays hr looking for a35-ces»t golf balL—Judge,' A>wiem Wheels. Bicycles are generally considered e very modem mveneon. but some of the Egyptian obeilsks, it, is said, bear figi urea mounted on two-wheeled vehicles resembling the old velocipede#. HOW TO J1AKB A WOODEN CHAIN. A wodea chain? Ton can't' wold wood. I'm sure. Besides, what usa would It be? True, quite true. ' Ton cannot bend and vfreld a rod of wood into links as you can a rod of Iron, but you can make a wooden chain, never theless, by cutting It out of the solid wood. I am afraid, however, that the FIG. 1. useful qualities of such a chain are not easily apparent, but, If neatly made, 1 am sure you would be justified In class ing it as ornamental, and to any fine who does not know how It is done it will appear as puzzling as the prover bial milk In the cocoanut. Well, let us proceed. First of all you must decide what size of chain you ars going to make, and choose your mate rial accordingly. The only tools re quired are a sharp knife and a foot rule. It is better to start with a fairly large link, as there is less danger of splitting, so 1 shall describe what I have found to be a good workable size. Get a nice piece of yellow pine, free from knots, 1*4 inch square by about a foot long. Of course, you can have it FIG any length you desire, but twelve inch es will be found ample to start with. Having got your wood, proceed to mark off two lines along each of the sides, dividing the sides into three equal parts, as shown In figure 1. Then place a rule along one of the sides and make a mark at 2 Inches, 4 inches, G Inches, 3 inches i ? fib. 4. LONDON'S OPEN-AIR PULPIT. It Has Proved So Popular that An other la to he Krected. London bas only one open-air pulpit. It Is, however, to have another, for the one used at St. Mary's, Whitechapel, has been so popular that It has been de cided to erect a f-scond in connection with St. Jude's, W nitechapel. Of course, open-air services are by no means uncommon, but they are rarely Indulged iD by the Church of England, and that has made the pulpit much ! a PP r ®clated. The pulpit is fixed on the wall of the church, and the congregation who gath er round for the open-air service stand London'* open-air pulpit. lb the churchyard. It Is used all the year round except when the weather Is very bad, and the services on Sat urday and Sunday are specially for the Jews of the East End. During the suntmer the pulpit Is used every night, and St. Mary's Is probably the only church which indulges In open-air serv ices seven times in one week. The pul pit is occupied) by the curates of the parish, but the laity are also allowed to take a part and to address them selves to the congregation. The pulpit is a reminder of the days when the clergy used to deliver thjeir sermons from preaching crosses, many of which still exist but are rarely used in these days.—London Dally Mall. hr e TROUBLES OF THE CONTRACTOR Mast Be Wide Awake to Hold Hie End Up with Hie Brethren, "There's money in the contracting business," said a contractor to a New York Sun man, "but I tell you it's a cutthroat business in which you have to keep your wits about you and look mighty sharp, too, or you'll lose more than you make. It's playing your hand alone with every other man's against you, from your paid workers to the cap italist whose work you are doing and the other contractors who have other parts of the same job to do. "1 am moved to these remarks by an experience I've just had with a con tract out in Jersey. It was a matter of erecting a big factory and I had the job of providing and putting up the iron work and machinery. Now It happened that the factory was In a awamp. The land on which It was built was good enough, but there waa only one little bit of a road leading to it through the awamp. Outside of this narrow-made track you couldn't put a pall of water down without seeing It sink out of sight In the mud. "The first thing I discovered after I ha6 got the contract and went to work was that the fellow who bad the con tract for masonry, and who had se cured that a few days before I 1 and 10 Jacbea., . Do the same with the •jdf opposite, Now place the rale on one of the remaining sides, afad make a mark at 1 inch, 3 Itches, 5 Inches, ? Inches, 9 Inches and 11 inches. Do the same with the aide opposite, as in fig ure 1. Now cut lengthwise along the dotted lines till the cornet pieces come out, leaving your wood as In figure 2. Take care not to cut too deep. Now cut down at the marks along the edge (flgnte 3). ' Your piece of wood will now have assumed a shape somewhat resembling a chain, but of course the links are still connected together solid, and here comes In the "ticklish" part of the proc ess. See that your knife Is sharp and use a small pointed blade. You have now got to cut and carve away very S vie. 3. carefully till you get the links separa ted—leaving them connected together, Of course, as In an ordinary chain. It Is difficult to describe in writing the vari ous cuts required, but perhaps the fol lowing diagram will help to make It clear. You must just dig away at the shaded parts in a diagonal direction till each link Is cut apart from Its neigh bors. Great care must be taken when the links are just about separated, as the least attempt to force them apart will split them at the ends. After they are separated It is a simple matter rounding them into proper shape, and then, if your friends express as much w&nder and praise your cleverness as highly as mine did, you will fé'el that your time has not been wasted In making *>. wood en chain.—Exchange. a - mine, had leased this road for a year for about $250 a month, and he de manded an exorbitant price for the privilege of letting me r^se it. The oth er contractors were In the same boat. "We appealed to 'lie company for which we were putting up the plant, but that did not do us any good. The company didn't own the road in the first place, and since we had signed the contract to'do the work and had to keep it, they didn't care what troubles we had or how we were to get out of them. The only thing to do was to come down and look pleasant about It We paid the masonry contractor the price he asked, and he must have made about $1,000 a month profit on that lit tle investment of $250 a month rent of Ills. "But our troubles weren't over. He was a smart guy all right. He'd not only got the road, but he had got con trol of the water supply. There was no water oil the ground. We couldn't lay any pipes and we had to take what sup ply he would give us for our engines, and pay him a big price for that. We did him all right on the drinking water, though, for we combined to hire a wagon which brought us in a few bar rels dally for our use. "There were other instances in which fills man had got ahead of us, but these two Will do. I want to show you that It isn't all honey in the contracting business. The victory Is to the strong, and the early starter who keeps wide awake comes In ahead." I Your Eyes Speak What They Say. Eyes are very treacherous, and those who meddle In amorous matters should know all about them. When the upper lid covers half, or more, of the pupil the Indication Is of cool deliberation. An eye the upper lid of which passes horizontally across the pupil indicates mental ability. Un steady eyes, rapidly jerking from side to side, are frequently indicative of an unsettled mind. It is said that the prevailing color of eyes among the pa tients of lunatic asylums are brown and black. Eyes of any color With weak brows and long, concave lashes are in dicative >»f a weak constitution. Eyes that are wide apart are said to indicate great Intelligence and a tenacious mem ory. Eyes of which the whole iris is visible belong to erratic persons, even with a tendency toward Insanity. Wide open, staring eyes In weak counte nances Indicate jealousy, bigotry. Intol erance and pertinacity, without firm ness. _ Next Beat Thing. Miss Mlllicent Darlington, who, when Mr. Smlthers proposed, had told blm that she was to wed Mr. Goldcash, was moved to pity as Mr. Smlthers stood Ir resolute, with his hat In his band. "I hope yon will come and see ns some time," she said, for she didn't know what else to say. "But you will be married and will have bora to you a beautiful daugh ter," answered Smlthers with much emotion; "then I will come and engage as your coachman, and, If fortune Is with me, elope with your daughter." Then smlthers walked slowly oat the yard and toward a monastery.—Ohio State Journal. Riverside Orange Orchards. It is stated that the orange orchard area at Riverside, Cal„ covers thirty square miles, or 19,200 acres, on which are growing 1.538,000 orange trees. crumby After a wedding a little piece of wedding cake can be found under almost any girl's pillow. j j & "I suppose the coronation will be like a grand play." "But without any vil lain." "Not at all. There's Alfred Aus tin."-Life. Nightmares: "1 dream my stories," said Hicks, the author. "How you must dread going to bed!" exclaimed^ Cynlcus.—Tit-Bits. The Sad Part: Mrs. Hatterson— What! you've bad fourteen cooks In three months. Mrs. Catterson—Yes; and I didn't please any of them.—Life. Just as Bad: Jimson—Were you ever In a Kansas cyclone? Jester—No, but' I've been through the New York cus tom house examination.—Ohio State Journal. The Intricacies of trade: Woman- How much for children's pictures? Photographer—Ten shillings a dozen, madam. Woman—Why— er— yes; but I've got only nine.—Tit-Bits. - Our Song Birds: "Do you speak En glish, madame?" inquired the inter viewer. "Ver' leetl," replied the oper atic celebrity, smiling sweetly; "only zis: 'How I lofe America!'''—Puck. Gotham—I see the weather mun has struck it right In to-night's paper. Church—Yon don't mean it? Gotham— Yes: he says the weather a year ago to-day was clear.—Yonkers Statesman. Missed it: "I missed one of my pul lets last night. Rufus," said the colonel, sternly. "Sho," replleu Rufus, evasive ly, "yo' oughtn't tuh shoot at pullets In de dahk, kuunel."—Ohio State Jour nal. Feminine: Elderly Spinster — Ah, dear Julia, you can't Imagine how I dread to think of my fortieth birthday! Julia—Why, dear? Did something very unpleasant happen then? — London Punch. The only one: Tourist In London— Dickens was in the habit of frequent ing this tavern, was he not? Land lord (proudly)—No, sir; this Is the tav ern which he never frequented—Brook lyn Life. His Past: Ferdy (trying to make an impression)—Heavens! what would I not give to be able to forget my past Edith—What! do those old nursery spankings still rankle In your memory? —Judge. Faithful: . Lady (district visiting)— Your wife is always hard at work, and you seeiu to be always Idling. Do you ever do anything to support your house? Ruffian—Yus. Oi leans again it!—Punch. / Teeth: Bobby—My gran'ma's so old she aiu't got a tooth in her head. Tom my—Ain't she? Well, mebby they're j in her bureau drawer, like my Aunt j Tllfie's is sometimes. — Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. Off his high horse: Merchant—So you're looking for a position. Young Cbllege Graduate—No; I've wasted so much time looking for a "position" that I'll be satisfied now to take a job. —Philadelphia Press. Spring Opening: Denier in second hand garments (to assistant)—We can't mark this suit 'Fashiouable,' it's too shabby. Youthful Assistant (a humor ist)—No; but you might mark it "Very much worn.'—Tit-Bits. An Explanation: "You frankly con fess that your novel failed because of a lack of literary skill ?" "I do," an swered the author; "the man who wrote the advertisements was no good."- Washington Star. Scene, anywhere: Customer—I'd like a piece suitable for a roast Meat Mar ken Man—How much, madam? Cus tomer—As much as I can get for half a dollar. I want to make a roast beef sandwich.—Chicago Tribune. Mother—There were two apples in the clipboard, Tommy, and now there is only one. How's that? Tommy (who sees no way of escape)—Well, ma, it was so dark in there I didn't see the other. — Glasgow Evening Times. Short measure: "What Km I so mad about?" repeated the popular actress, with flashing eyes; "1 only got three bouquets, that's what!" "Bnt," said the manager, "you surely didn't expect more." "Of course I did. I paid for five."— Philadelphia Press. Hungry but fastidious: "Lady." said the wayfarer, "1 can't «.eat these scraps." "You can't?" said the house wife, In surprise; "why, you Just told me that you were so hungry you could eat a bouse." "Yes, mum; but I meant a porterhouse."—Chicago News. Helpful hints: "O-o-o-h-h!" It is the wife who shrieks thus. "What la the matter?" calls the husband. "Baby has swallowed a tack." Nervously the bus band seeks his copy of "First Aid to the Injured." Quicker yet is the wife. See! She is feeding the baby a tack puller.—Baltimore American. Railroad wanted: "Yes," said the head man of the new settlement "we're after a railroad now." "You don't say!" "Yes, ef we could only git a railroad to come this way, kill a few cows an' cut off Borne of the legs of the older citizens, we'd sue it fçr dam ages an' git enough to build a town haH an' grade the cemetery."—Atlanta Con stitution. i Thoughtful: President of Foreign Missions—How in the world did all these sofa-cushions and fairy-lamps come to be in this box for the Fiji Islanders? Miss Halrbraln (earnestly) —W-why! I thought with all their spears and war clubs, that if they only had a few cushions and jeweled lamps they could make such perfectly lovely cozy cornera.— Puck.