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EXIT THE NAGGING WOMAN. Ç. J HE wonderful changes that have taken place In the experience and ^ the character of women in the last fifty years have not yet found a j chronicler, perhaps will never find one. ! Education and enlarged opportun ty j have not wrought their changes on those alone who have gained the right to add the magic B. A. to their names. The new learning has filtered through the mass of society, and has leavened the whole lump. Certain types familiar enough both In fiction and In real life fifty years ago have become practically extinct. There was the romantic maiden, who walked about the house In a dream of titled lovers, cruel parents and mid night flights. She was a difficult mem ber of a well-regulated family, and even sending her to boarding school was not sure to clear her mind of its,, roseate unrealities. Before tbë whole some breeze of a more vigorous educa tion they seem to have vanished. Then there was the delicate maiden. She was famous for her lack of appe tite, her disregard of sleep and her in teresting pallor. She was given to the consumption of slate pencils, chalk, sweetmeats, and sometimes she eveu dropped dark hints of familiurity of ar senic. She talked sweetly of her nerves, and she could faint at the shortest notice. Her shoes, her corse's and her earrings were matters of the < greatest moment to her. Tennis, golf, the gymnasium and the basket ball team have reformed the delicate maid en, and she is now In more danger of a hoyden than an Invalid. There Is another type which has not yet wholly disappeared, but which is less common than of old. This is the naggifig woman. She had no sense of proportion. The stopping of her watch was as Important to her as a death In the family. She harped on a single string—for example, a personal tneon- 1 venlence—until husband and guests 1 were at the last notch of irritation. She I worried her children into open rebel-1 Hon. She could never keep her ser-1 vants. She could break up a church ! committee at a single session, although no one dared to think of her as any thing but "a very good woman." Slowly but surely the broader hori zon, the richer resource, the better training are banishing this woman from modern society. She was often the unconscious victim of her own en ergy and ambition. To-day these are directed and utilized in the activities of town and city. She begins to see herself as others see her, and the twen tieth century will mark the disappear ance of the nagging woman as the nine teenth has rejoiced over the extinction of the romaritic dreamer and the inva lid by profession.—Youth's Companion. The plan for making a shirtwaist of this material, the one approved by a French shirtwaist maker, who Is doing the shirts for the Junior 400, is this: The belt should be a wash linen one, the color of the goods. It should have a buckle in front, preferably a harness buckle of gold. The "eyes" will be put in the belt by any harnessmaker for a few cents. To make a stylish summer gown—to borrow a word that bps fallen into dis use—you must know how to make the French knot. You must understand the knack of embroidering convention al daisies. The mysteries of cat-stitch lng must be open to you; and how to hem-stitch and how to zigzag must all be as plain as blind-stitching. There are beautiful new lawns, fresh with the season, In all the new blues, with lace stripes woven in, that are exactly adapted to the making of shirt waists. These come in turquoise blue. In sapphire, in Chinese blue, ip Yale, in "baby" blue, and in duck's egg, not to mention the pastel blue which Is so light that it really does look faded. How delightfully fortunate that the new lawns, cambrics, muslins, batistes, linens and challies come so freply trimmed. You can buy lawn by the yard with lace stripes woven in and stripes of satin that look like satin rib bons. This obviates the necessity of trimming, and makes home dressmak ing less of a scourge to nerves and eyes. Summer shirtwaists trimmed with these adorning stitchjs are expensive, horribly expensive, but you can buy a partially plain wnist and daisy-work it yourself. Or you can get one that is perfectly plain and treat it to a sprinkling of French knots. In making these be sure that you take a stitch in the knot, drawing It tight and hard, or you will have a knot that comes oat in the first wash and la nothing but a string. Take your material mid tuck It across the yoke in such a way that only the open stripes of Needlework, or lace, shdw. This makes a lace yoke, with the lace laid in rows, for a stock use the same goods, tucked lengthwise, with the top plain, so that It can be turned over. Release the tucks across the bust to make a good fullness. Pit the waist in at the belt line, so as to give plenty of length in front, without a great deal of bagginess. Education and Early Marriage. It is a fact worth noticing that ns education creeps into a country early marriages gradually become more scarce. Nowadays youths and maids are taught to think before they leap. Their mentality is stronger and more mature than in former years, so their heads more often speak for or with their hearts. Many of the unhappy marriages of which we hear may be traced to the de lusion of youthful Ideas. Immature love is ignorant and unreasonable. The woman wants to be loved as she loves and man wAnts to be loved as he loves, and because the thing is impossible they have the most discordant results. We Inherit this desire to love, which at an early age Is like a firecracker, ready to explode At a moment's no tice, it making no difference who sets fire to the fuse. As we grow older, in our more mature love affairs we at tach more Importance to the hand that lights the fuse. We grow more dis criminating as we advance in years, for our minds expand and grow, .»nd the emotions, ns well as the intellect, are strengthened by age. College for Women. The first technical college for women ever established In the country Is be ing planned in Boston after thirty-two years of waiting. It will teach house hold economics, secretarial work, libra ry management, industrial designing, medicine and nursery and possibly hor ticulture, says the New York Sun. Its aim will be to help women to earn a livelihood in occupations for which there is now no special training on a scientific basis. John Simmons of Boston, dead these thirty years and more, is the founder, and the college will bear his name. Mr. Simmons died in 1870. When his will was offered for probate it was dis covered that the greater part of Ills property, consisting of real estate, was left to establish and maintain an in dustrial college for women. A Woman Who Writes Sermons. The London, England, Daily Mail says that many of the eloquent ser mons heard at the churches are com posed by a lady, who makes her living thereby. There lives in the north of London, the widow of a clergymau who, under the name of her late hus band, is writing sermons for clergy men in the metropolis and elsewhere. Most of her sermons are bought by clergymen of the Church of England, who write to her under the impression that they are communicating with a clergyman who has retired from the ministry. The sermons are excellent, and no doubt much better Ainu they could write themselves. Pimples. A great many persons are troubled with pimples on the face, which are un sightly at best, and especially annoying when they come, as they often do, on the nose. Of course they arise from some Impurity of the blood and need constitutional treatment, but until this is obtained a safe and easy way of pre venting them is to apply arnica to the skin. A pimple never comes without warning. A few hours before there is always a slight inflammation or swell ing, and If a drop of arnica be applied to the spot when the swelling begins half a dozen applications in the course o fa day will drive the pimple back un der the skin. As to Care of Rings. As the wearing of many rings, both in the afternoon and evening, has be come a pronounced fad, the care of the gems is worthy of attention. If you want your rings to last, don't wear them with gloves. The constant friction wears off the points that hold the stones in place and the stones will drop out unless constant attention Is paid to them. The wearer may not detect the loose stone, but a jeweler will see It at once. Rings should be sent to the jew eler's at least once a year to be over hauled, if worn under gloves.—Detroit Tribune. A Novel Curtain Design. A new bonne femme curtain design is developed in madras whose prevail ing tone is dull red, relieved by dark green and faint amber. The bottom has an insertion of deep red fish net, which is edged with a ruffle of the madras finished with Arabian lace. Other color effects are carried out in the same way. ^ Freckle and Sunburn Remedy, Benzoin and cold water. Two tea spoonfuls of the former to a pint of the latter. Bathe freely for several min âtes, morning and night, avoiding the eyes. Allow the mixture to dry upon the akin at night, but wipe off careful ly ta the morning before it has dried in. RECENT «JUDICIAL DECISIONS. An officer;' In brder to exécute civil ptocess, cannot climb ; through an open window of the defendant's dwelling. If that is an unusual place of entry, holds the Court of Civil Appeals of Texas in the case of Hillman vs. Edwards S. W. Rep., 788.) The salaries of public officers receiv ing no more than $5,000 a year are held in Dickinson vs. Johnson (Ky.), 54 L. R. A. 506, to be exempt, on grounds of public policy, from the payment of their debts. With this case is a note on the exemption of officer's salary from claims of his creditors. A restriction of the number of per sons which lodging hous< r keepers may permit to occupy one room during the same night is held, in Bailey vs. People (111., 54 L. R. A., 83S», to be a depriva tion of property without due process of lnw, because of the discrimination in limiting the provision to lodging house keepers. An island was formed in a navigable stream, and by reason of its accretions gradually joined the mainland. Ip an action of ejectment to determine the ownership of the island, the Supreme Court of California in the case of Glas sell vs. Hansen (67 Pac. Rep., 964) holds that the island, with the accretions, be longed to the State Hnd its grantees, and not to the owner of the mainland. On the issue of insane delusions, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in re Bennett's Estate (51 Atl. Rep., 336), holds that it is never a question of soundness of view, but the proper in quary always Is whether the party im agined or conceived something to exist which did not in fact exist and which no rational persons, in the absence of evidence, would have believed to exist In a suit between son and father, brought by the son to recover compen sation for services which he rendered his father, also a physician, in his prac tice, a verdict of $11.000 in favor of the son was reversed by the Supreme Court of Michigan on the ground that the ver dict was not sustained by the evidence, and testimony was admitted calculated to prejudice the jury against the de fendant Under an act authorizing a town to issue bonds and use the proceeds to pay other bonds legally issued and re maining unpaid, the Court of Errors and Appeals of New Jersey (51 Atl. Rep., 274) holds that the holder of such unpaid bonds is entitled to payment of them, even though judgments have been recovered upon the coupons taken from said bonds after the bonds became due, when the proper municipal author ities had determined they shall be paid under the provisions of the act Right to an injunction to compel the restoration of a stairway in favor of the owner of an easement in the use of it was sustained in Ives vs. Edison (Mich.), 50 L. R. A. 134, where after re fusal of permission to change its loca tion and during the pendency of an appenl from a decision denying an in junction against invasion of the ease ment the stairway had been removed from its original place. The fact that the cost of restoration might be greater than the injury to, the complainant was not deemed sufficient to deefat the rem edy in such a case. "Trek-Bokkon." This Is the name given by the Dutch sertiers of South Alrica to the periodi cal migrations of the antelope from the upper veld to the lower lands. These removals are described by the author of "Kloof and Karroo." In old days these trek-bokken were a source of the greatest alarm and dan ger to the colonist; quite as great, in fact, as the locust flights. Countless thousands of antelopes, impelled by drought and the loss of their more se cluded pastures, migrated from their true nursery and headquarters into more fertile districts in the interior of the colony. A trek-bokken might be witnessed for a whole day, and the veld would be left denuded of every scrap of pasturage, 'flie immense numbers of the antelopes literally swept everything before them, and farmers frequently lost whole flocks In consequence. From sheer press of numbers, the antelopes cannot re treat, and one has to be careful to keep out of their way. As the leading antelopes feed and be come satiated, they fall back and allow those in the rear to come to the front. But for this provision of instinctive na ture, the rear guard would be starved to death, for those in front, of course, leave not a particle of nourishment as they pass. On these occasions the ante lopes are wedged so tightly that escape Is impossible; and indeed it is actually on record that lions have been carried along, whether they would or no, in the midst of a trek-bokken. Child Industry in Denmark. The children of Denmark are taught to knit when but 5 years old. Even in the public schools this is quite an In stitution, although the private schools make it an absolute rule, one hour each day being given to that industry. The same rule applies In the home life, one hour being devoted daily either to sew ing, knitting, crocheting, embroidery or lacemaking. Nor is this considered sufficient; the young woman of the family Is supposed never to be Idle, she must always have something on hand to be taken up. If a chance visitor comes In, or a friend arrives for the day, both have their needlework with them. An Escape. Willie—Say, that boy sliding down bill with me this morning got ran over and killed. I'm glad it wasn't me. Gee, what a lickin' I'd have got!—Smart get Blessed Is the wife who is not toe strenuous in managing her silent part ner; TREA 8URE I8L ANO. On that white Caribbean key, Uncharted, lost these hundred yearn, < Rests in the keeping of the sea The «ecret .of the buccaneers. Tarnished and soiled with rust and mold, Heap jeweled poinards, musketoous, Silks, sacramental cups of gold. Ingots and pesos and doubloons. A fathom deep beneath the sand The live gems, blood-stained, beam and burn. And wait the lost adventurer's hand. The midnight hail,, the crew's return. Remembering the torches' flare When Blackbeard brought the chesti ashore, Landmnrked the spot and sunk them there, Beat back to sea—and comes no more. Unless, maybe, at black of night, Up from the phosphorescent sen A phantom craft makes for the bight. And anchors off the ghostly key; And all the fierce dead fighting men From the deep-sea grave or gibbei chain hint upon the bench again. As when they bled the Spanish main. But when the dawn wind gives the sign Back to the dark the shades retire, Trailing along the shuddering brine A wake of evanescent fire. And Silence on that haunted shore Renews her endless reign alone. Pulsed by the long tide's rising roar, The surf's withdrawing monotone. —Youth's Companion. - -V <TV fjt RS. KAVANAUGH, a frail lit j ft» I tie widow of 45, with a few " ^»hundred dollars sewed in her dress, and the fire of hope in her bright gray, eyes, had come into the strip two years after its opening. Of course she got the worst of it, for the choice land was already taken, and the self-satis fied' settlers who watched her old gray horse and clattering buggy meander across their fields smiled half-pityingly at the tardy boomer. When at last she set up her little tent and staked out her horse on a bare and rocky quarter section, where even the LC1CCCC É CALLED EVERY DAY. short grass looked stunted, the women j pitied her and some of the neighboring : men came over to ask her if there was anything they could lend her. But she I only thanked them, as she guessed she "would get along all right," so that the women who passed by lier tent every day began to say that she was "stuck up" and the farmers who knew that she was on an almost barren claim, only grinned and muttered: "She won't last mor'n one season." Buishe fooled them. A tiny shack was built by a half-breed who hauled the lumber from the railway station in her buggy. He built a frail little fence around a few acres of her ground and left her at home on the desolate hill she had chosen. Then every morning when the sun swung up from the yel low floor of the dry prairie that ■stretch ed from her door to the horizon, she was out in her little garden digging, planting, cultivating the small space from which she hoped at least to wring a living. In the afternoon she would hitch up her aged nag and, dressed in her beat widow's weeds, set off for the postofflee five miles away. She brought home a few chickens, and in the length ening evening hours sat knitting at her low back.door, watching the sun drop down into the pathless, treeless west. When spring had come and gone and Mrs. Kavanaugh's little garden showed all the squalor of its pinched cabbages and sickly vines the passing neighbors pitied her. If they had known her sim ple story perhaps they might have helped her develop her poor land, but she confided to none, and came at last to be known as a headstrong, cranky old woman, who would be better off "back East" with her people. Rain or shine, spring, summer, autumn and j winter, she drove to town, tied her horse at the postofflee and asked for a letter. The overworked clerk came to know her at last, and with an effort at kindly deception, for there had never come a letter for her, would shuffle over the package of K's and say softly: "Nothing to-day, Mrs. Kavanaugh." Then she would drop the old crepe veil that was growing rusty, draw a letter from her pocket and drop it into the box. That was for her son, her run away boy, and it was always addressed "Mr. Tom Kavanaugh, Twenty-seventh Infantry, Manila, Philippine Islands." Every day she sent him a letter, and every day she looked for an answer. But none came, and the nervous old woman went gravely back in her rick ety buggy to the lonely shanty upon the desolate hill to watch the sun set and to hope and pray. Her boy Tom had run away from borne before his drunken father had died. He had written her just one line: "Done to the Philippines with Twenty seventh Infantry." He had been gone a year when his father died. She had written to him often, but, knowing j what a thoughtles boy he was, first ■ attributed his silence to forgetfulness and neglect. When she had told him ; of his father's death she felt sure of j some answer, and though none came I she continued to write gentle, loving, j warning letters to the absent scape- i scapegrace. He had been a youth of j some spirit, and she knew that his ! father's dishonor in their home town I had driven him into the'army, but with! all her mother's condoning love she could not understand why he did not at least send her a word. She hated the town which had been the scene of her own and her boy's disgrace and separation, and when the "new coun try" was opened and the stories of its glowing future reached her she sold out all her belongings and set for(^ to find a home that should be her boy's home, too. After two years of this eventless life Mrs. Kavanaugh came to be recognized as one of the characters of the town. Most people thought her harmlessly in sane. The sandstorms and the careen ing winds, the burning suns and winter snows, had turned her witliered cheeks to parchment; her ill-made black alpaca dress, threadbare and discolored, hung loosely about her shrunken body. When the third winter came she sold her horse nnd buggy for $30, but bought only shoes that she might trudge to town and stamps and paper that she might send her daily letter to the boy. Silent, bowed, tearless, but with a quenchless light of hope in her mother | eyes, each day she stood in line at the ' window and asked softly for the letter that never came. The postmaster, who had half-guessed her story, tried to win her confidence. He wanted to help her some way, but she evaded all bis ques tions. And then at last there came a day when she did hot call at the postofflee. It was quite an event, for the postmas ter and his clerk bad come to regard her visit as the one Inevitable and poignant occurrence of each day's busi ness. So that night, suspecting the worst, he drove in his buggy to her lonely home. She was in bed, quite ill it seemed, but gently grateful for his visit. * "I did my best, sir," she told him, "but my money is all gone I killed my last chicken last Sunday, and now, God help me, I must sell my home, his home," and she looked around the wretched, candle-lighted room with dim, wet eyes. "It will be best for you, Mrs. Kav anaugh,-" quoth the postmaster, kindly; "you're too—that is, you're no longer young or strong enough to live like this. Have you no relatives? No children?" "Oh, yes, sir," she answered, proudly j looking up. "I have n sou, sir. a flue boy; but he's away in the army, and'it's on his account I don't want to give up." But he persuaded her to ride to town with him and assured her that there would be no trouble about selling her place. "It's not worth much, I know," she said as they drove toward town, "but, much as I want to keep it, I'd rather sell it than take charity." He assured her that she might "board" at his home till he had sold the place, and she went there only to lapse into a fever that taxed the best ingenu ity of the two doctors of the town. She was a worn, ghostly old woman when at last she sat up and the postmaster told her that he had sold her place for $500. "If you feel able you can just sign the deed; the money is ready down at the bank and Mr. Rogers, the young fellow who w r ants to buy it, has gone out to the place to look It over." So she signed the document, a few weak tears dropping upon it, and hand ed it back to the postmaster. He took it and left her alone, but in the even ing. when he came home to supper, he came quickly Into her room and said: "Mrs. Kavanaugh, the man who bought your place, Mr. Rogers, wants to see you a moment. Shall I show him in?" And when he came in she felt for her glasses, but could not find them, so she bade him sit down and told him that there were a few things in the cld shack, her Bible and an old album, that she wished to take away. And the stranger, a freckled, red-haired giant, took her hand and whispered: "Mammy, don't you know me?" "Rogers," she murmured, feeling his face with tremulous hope and fear. "Rogers? If it's you, Tom, why are you Rogers?" "I wasn't of age, mammy, when I en listed. I was afraid daddy would stop me, so I took Rogers." And as he held her close to his breast and felt the hot tears drip on his hand he did not ask for his father, for on the wall he saw the weather-beaten wid ow's cap and the dusty veil of mourn ing.—Chicago Record-Herald. Newfoundland Fisheries. The Legislature of Newfoundland has provided liberally for the Installation of a cold storage system for the fisheries of the colony. All the fish now caught there are cured and salted for the mar ket, found principally in the Mediter ranean ports and Brazil, and it is hoped to open up new markets for the codfish, salmon, and other fish and lobsters In a fresh state. \ When a man asks you what you think of him he doesn't expect to get your real opinion. Idle talk tongue. is the work of a busy RENTING UMBRELLAS. Scheme Originated in Boston and I« Taken Up by European Cities. A Boston man has started an umbrel la renting scheme that is Expected to endear itself to humanity in general as universally as have- codfish balls or brown beans. The Boston idea has takfen root in New York, which here after is to have a main office with branches in every American city of 100,000 inhabitants. There will be sim Bar establishments in London, Paris, Berlin and other Eurepoan cities. The Boston idea is expected to reach to ev ery city where It rains. The heathen sitting in perpetual dryness is therefore about the only one who will escape con tact wlth the morally uplifting scheme of always having an umbrella to which one is entitled, and perhaps even the heathen will rent an umbrella to keep off the rays of the burning sun. The new umbrella-renting company has an authorized capital of $5.000,000, and already has 212 umbrella deposi tories in Boston and its suburbs nnd about 125 in New York, between the Battery and 23d street. These stands are located in or near drug, cigar and shoe stores, news stands and barber shops. The company sets up a stand with 200 umbrellas and aluminum checks, the latter about the size of a silver half dollar. The checks are good only until the end of the year, no matter when bought. With the checks is a pocket directory of the addresses of the stands. The checks cost the patron $1 nnd entitles the bolder to an umbrella at any time lie produces it at any stand in this or any other city where the com pany has stands. When a shower strikes the wayfarer he looks at his di rectory, rushes to the nearest stand, | turns in bis check and gets an umbrel ' la. The rain over, he leaves the mu brella at any of the company's stands and gets a check. If the umbrella Is ruined while being used by the renter he may turn It in and get either a check or a new umbrella. The proprietors buy their umbrellas in 20,000 lots at 51 cents apiece. The company makes its money from people keeping the umbrellas after once taking them out and from the loss of checks. The stand owners get about 10 per cent It is designed to place the stands in or near the public schools, so that parents can be assured of umbrella protection the year around for their children by paying $1. Umbrella stands will be set up adjoining baseball grounds, where checkhoiders enn get an umbrella with out expense. Boys with backloads of umbrellas will also be stationed, if the plans are carried out, in theater lob bies. Theater men say the scheme will empty the lobbies quickly on rainy nights without expense to the house and will add much to the comfort of checkhoiders. A steam railroad in Boston lias estab lished the stands at suburban stations. The manager discovered that on rainy j da - vs Persons took the trolleys, as they could Ret off nearer their homes. The steam roads are now running the um brella renting stands in order to keep their passengers dry, who otherwise might prefer the trolley cars. Greek Hu-, band Housekeepers. In Greece it is the custom for the man of tile house to go out. early in tiie morning and not only to order the day's food, but to send along with the boy who delivers it explicit orders how be wishes to have it cooked. In tills con nection it should be remarked that any man of Greece can cook any Greek dish. Grecian women seldom go to market and often do not know how to cook as well as their husbands. These people eat very lightly in the morning, the meal consisting of fruit. At noon comes the first meal, the break fast. From noon until 4 o'clock they sleep. This is the midday siesta. To call upon a Greek at this time were quite as rude as to call upon an Ameri can at a corresponding hour in the morning. At 4 o'clock another light luncheon is eaten. The dinner, or hearty meal, is not eaten until late In the evening, sometimes as late as 0 or 10 o'clock. Embarrassing Generosity. "The Australian Federal Govern ment," says the Londou Chronicle, "re cently wrote to Washington suggesting an interchange of official publications between the commonwealth and the re public. Mr. Barton and his colleagues have been somewhat staggered by the promptitude, the cordiality, and the completeness of the response. No lese than sixty-eight closely packed cases of United States official literature were landed in Melbourne the other day and conveyed on custom bouse drays to the Parliamentary library. Ministers and officials surveyed this first installment* with conflicting emotions, and wonder ed whether Brother Jonathan intended to have periodical fits of this embar rassing generosity." Merely Taking His Own. Probably the meanest man in the United States lives in New Hampshire. He blackÄ his face and robbed his wife as she was going home with bis pay envelope after he had dutifully giv eu ^ er ' Minneapolis Times, Decrease of Crime in Ireland. Ireland is astonishing criminologists by the remarkable decrease in the num ber of its criminals. The statistics for 1900, just published, show a de crease of 10.2 per cent as compared with the figures for 1899. A Gift. Borroughs—Say, Jack, let me have fifty, will you? Markley—What for? Borroughs—Oh, 1 owe a fellow that amount and I want to be out of debt Just one more."— Philadelphia Press.