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V Kkkl It ! ; | Treating Rot tn Peaches. The brown rot of peaches Is generally familiar to growers of this fruit, but many are careless th ridding tnelr or chards of the pest, probably because they do not appreciate the damage the fungous growth does. The illustration fairly shows how the mummified peaches look when attacked with this disease. Not only is the fruit rttacked by this disease, but the twigs are also affected, and the growth is much more formidably during a damp growing sea son than a dry one. 4 It seems unnecessary to say that much of the trouble from this difficulty could be avoided; that is, the disease might be checked, if these mummified specimens were picked from the trees before the buds appear la the spring. As with most fungous diseases of fruit trees, this brown rot may be large ly overcome by spraying. It would oc cupy too much space to go into the de ism. MUMMIFIED PEACHES. tails of this disease here and tell how to combat it, hence the reader. If a peach-grower, wherever located, is ad vised to send a request to the director of the Georgia Experiment Station, lo cated at Experiment Station Postottice. Ga. If not a resident of Georgia, Bend a 2-cent stamp for the bulletin ;.nu ask for Bulletin No. 50. Repeated Trials of Crops, Every farmer who has tried the plan knows that he frequently fails to get a satisfactory crop of some grain or vegetable, and does not always sue ceed in getting a stand of the crops sown for stock. This is often the case with crimson clover, and sometimes with the cow pea and with alfalfa. Several recent communications from correspondents who have adopted the suggestion offered in this column re garding alfalfa state that they tried the plan, but did not get a satisfac tory stand, and hence would give it up. This is wrong, as the writer can testify, for on several occasions he has failed to get a satisfactory stand with out any apparent cause for the fail ure except in one instance, when the seed was poor. On the other hand, other sowings have brought good stands, and addi tional trials on the same laud where previous failures had been made re sulted in success. If tests on small plots show that certain crops can be grown on tlie farm, one ought not to be discouraged at a single failure, espe cially with such a crop as alfalfa which promises so much to the Amer lean farmer. Milking in Australia. In Australia they have a novel way of milking in some of the large dairies which precludes the access of dirt and filth to the milk pali while milking. It is a milking glove or tube. The valve is over the teat and is connected with a long narrow tube which leads to a covered pail. The orifices in the lid of the pail are just large enough to admit the tubes into the pail and are not attached to them. The plan seems to be the most feasible of any of the devices for 'he purpose of excluding foreign substances from the milk pail. It is very important that all deleterious substances be kept from the milk pail In any way that can be em ployed Consistent with economy. To Destroy Potato Bugs. Hand-picking of potato bugs Is a slow process, and if the spot is a large one many of the plants will be In jured by the beetles before the work is finished. On the appearance of the pests go over the plot and spray with paris green, which destroys them quicker than by any other method. Delay in so doing, even for a day, may result In the vines being so seriously Injured as to render it impossible for them to recover their vitality, the yield of the crop being consequently re duced to a certain extent. Economy on the Farm. Economy on the farm is only possible when all work together in harmony. This refers not only to the outside de partment, but also to the harmonious working of the household with this department It la possible for the housewife to practice little economies which In turn more than leak away in th r extravagances on the farm. While It Ij a good plan to practice economy, yet health should never be sacrificed -1 " for the dollars, neither should the eilu cation of children be neglected for the mere purpose of laying up a hank ac count. It is never a good plan to plant more than can be properly cared for. as there Is sure to be some waste from this practice. Where it is possible it is recommended that the money-borrow ing practice should be indulged in to a very slight extent, as it generally re sults in extravagance in the end. Treatment of Meadows. If the portion of the farm that Is In meadow is Inclined to be wet and cold the chances are It is also more or less acid, hence will be much benefited by a top dressing of lime, and this dressing should be in liberal quantities, a ton per acre not being too much. Where some reseeding is necessary, and this point should be looked after carefully, the application of the lime should be made after the seed is sown. This reseeding will be found beneficial on ten meadows out of fifteen, and If it is done now the meadow will be good for several seasons without more seeding, under normal conditions of weather. Timothy, clover and red top makes a good mixtures for reseeding, and may be applied In quantities according to the needs of the field, usually about double the quantity of timothy seed be ing used to either of the other grasses. It will be understood that the liming of the soil referred to does not in any sense take the place of the annual top dressing, with fertilizers that should be applied to all meadows, but Is sim ply designed to sweeten acid soils. % __ Grain ane Dairy Farming. An 1 important difference between dairy farming and grain farming Is the amount of the farm that Is sold with the product that is of the fertility of the farm. The man who sells ton of wheat sells in it about $7 worth of fertilizing elements, and If he does not buy something to replace them his farm is so much poorer. The dairy man who sells a ton of butter has sold but 50 cents' worth of fertilizing ma terial, and if he is a good dairyman, he has probably added much more than that, or twenty times that to the value of the farm in i-e bran. Ail meal, cot ton seed, or other food that he pur chased while feeding his cows for mak ing that ton of butter. It is in this way that the dairyman's farm is con tinuf.-iy growing more productive, and he does not make much from bis dairy, he should from the crops that he can grow on his much enriched soil. —American Cultivator. Bloating Cows. There Is always more or less com plaint regarding the bloating of cows during the first weeks after they have been turned out to pasture. Doubtless a part of the trouble is due to the an imal, long deprived of green food, over loading her stomach and at the same time drinking copiously of water. Oftentimes, however, the trouble is either due to improper feeding or else the animal has an attack of indiges tion. In either case the remedy is in an entire change of diet, avoiding any food that is not of the best quality and confining the grain ration to such as are of easy digestion. The quality of the water drunk by the animal should be looked into care fully and particularly if the water is | from a stream in the pasture. If there is the slightest doubt about the quality of the water, the source of supply should be changed. Value of Buckwheat! Do not overlook buckwheat, especial ly where bees are kept. It will grow on poor land, and if not desired for its grain makes an excellent crop for plow ing under. It provides forage for bees at a time when many other plants are not in flower. Dairy Notes, each cow eats her food See that clean. Cows fed on rich food make rich ma nure. Better five cows on full feed than ten on scant rations. Try an increase in rations before con demning a cow. Skill In feeding will make a vast dif ference in the profits. If butter is overworked It will show an oily or greasy look. I ) 0 not let the cream get thick sour; churn when slightly, acid. A good separator does wonderfully close skimming if Intelligently han dled. One essential to success In dairying Is a cow fitted for a special purpose. Fall and winter calves will make fully as good dairy cows as spring calves. Rich food will make rich in (Ik and rich milk will make tbe most cream and butter. In dairying especially, economy of land means tbe fewest acres and tbe most cows. There Is no complicated work about making gilt-edged butter. If one will only follow the right principles In tbe art. One of the best ways to Judge a cow's worth Is to milk her; the result will usually he more satisfactory. Mncb of tbe butter made on the farm loses much of its value before reaching market by Improper handling. If you are after a good dairy cow. It Is not desirable to lay too much stress on having a good beef animal too. A pound of butter can be produced so as to give a better profit than a quart of milk. If proper management Is given. It Is often found that tbe animal giv ing tbe most milk Is not tbe one that gives the most butter fat A smaller yield of milk with a higher per dknt of butter fat may make the cow tbe real leader of the herd. ROBERT T. HILL. I). S. GEOLOGIST - « * 31 4 Professor Robert T. Hill Is the geolo gist and geographer of the United States Geological Survey at the head of the scientific expedition that went on the United States cruiser The Dixie to the scene of the volcanic disaster in the Islands of Martinique and St. Vincent. Professor Hill has been a member of the Geological Surveÿ* dur ing the greater number of his mature years. He has accompanied several expeditions to the West Indies, and was considered an expert on volcanic conditions and the geological forma tion of that part of the world. He was particularly well known through out the Southwest, where he made ex tensive observations and conducted a thorough examination of the Texas oil fields. When the first news of the Martinique disaster reached this coun try he was chosen to head the expedi tion which w r eut aboard the Dixie. SOLDIERS AND SAILORS' MONUMENT AT NEW YORK. | steps, its The soldiers and sailors' monument recently dedicated in Riverside Park. New York, is one of the prettiest monuments in that vicinity. A com posite of Greek and Roman architec ture, it consists of a circular, temple like structure, standing on a platform approached on two sides by broad The building is entirely of white Vermont marble, including the roof. The granite forming the base comes from Connecticut and Massa chusetts. Thirty thousand feet of marble and 10,000 feet of granite have been used in me work, which cost up ward of $250.000. The summit of the monument stands 175 feet above the level of the Hudson River, which flows eighty feet beneath the base. The Legislature of New York passed the act providing for the work in 1803. Old-Time Frankness. The newspapers of the olden time seemed to have shown a childlike frankness in dealing with the public. In the editorial columns of an old pa per dated 1840 this personal plea ap peared, and with It any book-lover or book-lender can sympathize: "The per son to whom we lent the second and third volumes of the Novelists' Maga zine would very much oblige us by re turning tbe same without further de lay. If he has 'not had them long enough to read them through, by giving us hlB name, so that we may know In whose hands they are, he shall be enti tled to the privilege of keeping them another year." This sarcasm, however. Is not so scathing as a notice In tbe advertisers' columns which reads as follows: "Ran away from the sub scriber on Tuesday last, Richard Lew is, an Indented apprentice. All persons are forbid harboring or trusting him on my account, as 1 shall pay no debts of his contracting. Whoever shall re turn him to me shall receive the above reward and no expenses paid." Evi dently there were worthless servants even In those days. This one did not have even that saving quality which the gentleman attributed to bis Incom petent cook, of whom he said: "She stays." Another advertisement in this same newspaper stirs both pity and amusement by tbe frankness with which the subscriber owns to a diffi culty wl(h which many modern fellow sufferers are familiar. "The subscriber takes this opportunity to inform bis friends that in future he will present his bills for payment immediately after bla services are performed, for he despises this waiting a year.—M. Hawks." Babies must be os tired of being kissed as parrots are of bearing, "Pol ly want a cracker?" Investigate, and you will find tbat half your trouble was caused by need lesaly butting In. j CONVICTED A8 JESSE JAMES. Kentuckian Sentenced Because of He* semblance to Bandit. Around the suburbs of Scottiville, Ky„ dressed as an ordinary farm la borer and performing the duties en tailed by the ownership of a farm of ridge laud, may be seen a man wbo bas, perhaps, attained as much unenviable notoriety as any other man In the State of Kentucky. Hia name Is Tom Hunt and the mere mention of It recalls the famous Mam moth cave stage robbery and the sub sequent arrest, trial, conviction and pardon of Hunt for a crime with which he had no connection. His unfortunate resemblance to Jesse James, the Mis souri bandit, however came near cost ing him a term In the penitentiary. At the trial, which was conducted at Glasgow, three of the passengers on the Ill-fated stage positively Identified Hnnt as -the spokesman of the gang who held up and robbed them and con viction was Inevitable. Hunt might have thrown a flood of light on the subject bad he chosen to prove his whereabouts on the da"y of the robbery, yet be remained sullen and quiet, except to pronounce as a lie" the Identification as testified to by the three witnesses. When the lamented Judge Roundtree, one of the robbed passengers, was placed on the stand, be was possessed of a different mind to that held by hie fellow passengers in regard to tbe guilt of the man on trial, and further than to say that "he beers a striking resem blance to the leader of tbe gang, but If he Is the man then my faith in my own recollection la very much shaken," he would not ga However, the evidence was conclu sive to the mind of the Jury, and a term In the penitentiary was given Hunt. Before being carried from the Glasgow jail to the penitentiary at Frankfort Bob Ford assassinated Jesse James In Missouri, and on the bnndit's person were found the watch which had been taken from Judge Roundtree, and other indisputable evidence of the guilt of James and the Innocence of Hunt. At about the same time one of the James gang, then confined In the Still water, Minn., penitentiary, made a con fession of the Mammoth cave stage rob bery, and recited where some of the jewelry had been hidden. An Investigation revealed the correct ness of the convict's story and Judge Roundtree made haste to make amends for the wrong which the Barren County court had done an Innocent man by going to Frankfort and securing from the Governor an unconditional pardon for Hunt Where Hunt was on the day of the robbery was as much of a mystery to day as It was on tbe day of his convic tion, since he has steadfastly refused to particularize his whereabouts, but the supposition obtains that he had his own reasons for not wanting his where abouts or bis acts on the day in ques tion known and knowing his Innocence of the crime with which he was charged, preferred to remain silent and be convicted, trusting that some future act of those who committed the stage robbery would serve to liberate him. The picture of the dead bandit so closely resembles that of Hunt, says a St. Louis Post-Dispatch special, that no visible difference can be detected and on two occasions Hunt has been forced to submit to arrest by Missouri officers who mistook him for Jesse James. ed Famous Old Highway. The most important highway biiilt in the United States early in the century was the so-called Cumberland road, which was to extend from Cumberland Md., through Southwestern Pennsyl vania. over the Alleghany Mountains to the Ohio at Wheeling, W. Y r a., and then on to St. Louis. It was so well con structed that it Is a good road to-day. Henry Clay was its projector and chief supporter, and his services in its be half are commemorated by a monu ment near Wheeling. We are told by letters written at that period that "there were sometimes twenty gayly painted four-horse coaches each way dally. The cattle and sheèp were nev er out of sight, and canvas-covered wagons were drawn by six to twelve horses." On this great road, which eventually passed into tbe hands of the States through which It runs, the Government expended no less a sum than $7,000,000. Within a mile of It on either side the country was a wilderness, but on the highway Itself the traffic was as dense as in the main street of a large town. Ten miles an hour was the usual speed for coaches. From Baltimore to Wheel Ing ran lines of freight wagons which carried ten tons, drawn by twelve horses, and with wheels ten feet- In diameter.—Pearson's Magazin». The Parental Opinion. "Did you speak to father about our marriage?" asked Maybelle. "I did," answered Count Fucash. "Did he give his consent?" "Yes. After a fashion. He said that If you bad no more sense than to be willing to marry me. you didn't deserve any better fate."—Ohio State Journal. Statistics About Lightning. . Lightning statistics in tbe United States last year showed that nine-six teenths of tbe persons strnck recovered. than one-fourth were struck in open ground. Profitable Simple Device. Tbe rubber tip added to lead pencils for use as an eraser was one of the most profitable simple devices ever patented. If yon were written up as the hero (or heroine) of a novel, as you actually are, bow tbe critics would roast such a character! It was a great idea to refer to a clr cos as "a great moral show." r. m m m ATTRACTIVE HAIR. U: T may be distinctly Inferred from tbe "Sermon on the Monnt" that It Is beyond our power, physically speaking, to make one's balr white or black; but with a scientific treatment of our hirsute bead adornment It may be made positively attractive. Of course dyes were not taken Into ac count at the time tbe above statement was given to tbe world. Artificial means to make the hair look vigorous and healthy will not be so necessary If a little dally care Is bestowed npon It as we Journey through life. Reader. If yon haven't the time, take my ad vice and "steal awhile away" Just be fore going to bed and give your scalp a thorough brushing until "each par ticular hair stands up" (not like por cupine quills), but with an electrical thrill. This will cause It to grow and thrive more luxuriantly than any tonic purchasable at the drug store. Mothers often neglect their children's hair; but if a freckle or two puts In an appearance on a little girl's nose or cheeks there Is a state of alarm In that family, you may rest assured. Pretty hair Is Just as desirable as a rosy, peachy cheek. Children have tender heads. Use the comb gently and sparingly, mamma, and don't Im agine you are raking in the garden when you straighten out the silken tresses'. The operation of brushing a child's hair may be made pleasurable and enjoyable to It if some fairy tale Is poured in Its ears simultaneously. As soon as a youth la old enough to perform this little feat In electricity for himself or herself, the parent should select the proper Implements for hair cultivation, and In a neat presentation speech Induce the recipi ent to make a dally test of their use fulness. Castile soap Is all right for washing the hair occasionally. Rinse it off well with clear water.—Ex change. Three Attractive Gown«. The first of the three gowns Illustrat ed Is of fawn cloth, the skirt finished with many rows of stitching, above which is a stitched baud of cloth fin ished with small tabs, caught with tiny gold buttons. The smart blouse coat is lined with white satin the same mate rial forming the deep sailor collar, re vers and tabs, all of which are em broidered In a design of small pink flowers. The rim of the fawn straw hat is faced with brown velvet, the trimming consisting of a silk scarf in shades of pink and fawn, and pink fiowers. The third model Illustrated Is of gray frieze, stitched about the edge of the skirt and on the coat. In a fashion simulating a bolero. The waist coat which Is of plain gray cloth is fasten ed with three silver buttons, and opens in * THREE ATTRACTIVE MODELS. to on to at to over a white silk blouse. The bell sleeves are stitched, and faced with dark gray velvet, the same material forming the belt and revers. The central figure illustrates a gown of navy blue cloth, the skirt made with stitched flounces. The smart blouse coat has wide satin revers, applique with cream lace. The pointed belt is of blue panne velvet, aud the large but tons decorating the coat are of cut steel. The hat worn with this costume is of black chiffon, aud violets, with streamers of black taffeta. Impure Air and Wrinkles. The latest scientific writers on the subject of wrinkles bold that tbe air in our rooms should be changed three times every hour. The skin owes Its beauty to the nerves which control the fine invisible blood vessel of tbe sur face, whose work lends glow and trans parence to the face. The nerves, in turn, owe their sensitiveness to the air, which Is oür chief nutriment inhaled by gallons hourly, and which should be pure and Invigorating. When the nerves are deadened by close air the fine muscles lose their tone, tbe tissue of the face shrinks, and these shrink ages become wrinkles. A week's watch ing may write the face over with fine lines, and a week of rest will restore lost tissue, fat and fluids to fill tbe spaces and smooth the face again. How to Cleon Cot Gloss. Gut glass should have the greatest possible care In handling. A wooden tub should be used for washing, and the water-in which It Is cleared should neves be too warm for tbe bands. The deeper the cutting the more liable it Is to be broken. Cut glass should never bs left upon stone or marble, and in I rinsing the water should be of nearly the same temperature as that used for the washing. It should always be drained on a soft towel or cloth. De canters and water bottles often get dis colored, but a soft cloth guided by a wire will generally remove the sedi ment When this Is obBtlnate, bits of paper with shot and strong soapsuds will do the work. Bèans are some times used instead of shot. Glass that is ornamented with gold should be washed with castile or a good white soap—that is, a suds—and should be wiped as dry as possible.' All the fine glass should be kept In a closed cab inet and handled very little. A damp place Is not advisable for glass, espe cially that with gold decorations. The primary cause of infant mortal ity in cities during midsummer is the Intense beat, and next comes, in the case of bottle-fed children, the giving of Indigestible food or of milk which has began to change. The baby's life, in other words! depeuds upon his being kept cool and being properly fqd. These matters are of such Importance that In most of. our cities the health boards issue each summer leaflets containing directions for the care of the baby, and distribute them among all the tenement house dwellers. In these leaflets, mothers are warned particularly to keep the baby and all its surroundings absolutely clean. Tbe child should be sponged or bathed onoe or twice every day tn lukewarm water, dried by wrapping In a soft towel, and then put Into clean, dry clothes. The clothing should be light and loose and changed often. The baby should never sleep In the clothes which It has worn during the day, nor wear In the day those frhich have been slept tn at nignt. It should sleep In a separate cot, and never In the bed with Its mother. The sleeping room khould always be well aired, the windows being open day and night. During the day the baby should be kept in the open air as much ns possi ble, and a daily ride into the country on a trolley car, or an excursion on the water, If there is any large body of it accessible, will do more, perhaps, than anything else to keep the little one in health. It should never be forgotten baby needs water to drink, aud plenty of It, in hot weather. The water should be boiled. Jheu poured into a bottle, half filling It, and well shaken to re store the air lost In boiling. This is then to be cooled, not iced, and given to the baby In small quantities at fre quent intervals through the day. A nursing baby has an Immense ad vantage over one that Is bottle-fed, and on no account should weaning be at tempted just before or during the hot weather. If artificial feeding Is nec essary. the physician should He con sulted as to the choice of a food, for among the many kinds on the market some are good and some are not. The Street Skirt. In street skirts there are two new features, and these are, the habit skirt without any fullness in the back to some distance below the waist, made to open at the side of the front breadth; and the skirt with the double box pleat at the back, not exactly new, but re vived, as it were. 'All skirts fit close to the figure, and all flow around the foot. The favorite trimmings are m flat bauds of braid, or embroidery, or bias bands or folds of silk or satin. In fact, last year's skirts are quite acceptable for this season. in be 8kv-Blne Taffeta. A sky-blue taffeta is as pretty a gown as can be found. The taffeta Is com pletely veiled with net, which In turn Is dotted with chenille nnd striped with narrow black velvet ribbons. Lace aud embroidery appear in some scattered wreath ornaments. Th<\hlgh flat collar is In Irish lace and the belt In blue satin of a sky-blue shade. Pompadour rib bon is draped under the pointed collar and knotted Into a careless bow, the ends of the ribbon being edged with pleated lisse. To Manicure the Nalls. One of the secrets of good inanlcur lng is to keep the nails wet and well greased while the work is being done. Soak the nails thoroughly and file them. Cut out any hangnails, but use the scissors for no other purpose. On no account cut the cuticle or any part .of the flesh. If you do, it will thicken the flesh around the finger tips and reduce them to a hopeless condition. Remove the roughness qn the nails and all griminess or stains with the pointed stick wet with ongaline. To Keep the Hand# White. A preparation to keep the hands soft and white Is made by dissolving a little white wax in almond oil. Apply this mixture while warm, and gloves must be worn to keèp the wax In place, as it soon cools and will peel off. If ammo nia is used to soften hard water, a little cold cream must be rubbed on after ward, as ammonia destroys the natural oil on the surface of tbe skin. It also makes tbe nails brittle. Thackeray adored tbe memory of hia mother. He said, "Mother is the name of God on tbe Ups of little chUdren."