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The Western news. [volume] (Stevensville, Mont.) 1890-1977, July 09, 1902, Image 6

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Treating Rot tn Peaches.
The brown rot of peaches Is generally
familiar to growers of this fruit, but
many are careless th ridding tnelr or
chards of the pest, probably because
they do not appreciate the damage the
fungous growth does. The illustration
fairly shows how the mummified
peaches look when attacked with this
disease. Not only is the fruit rttacked
by this disease, but the twigs are also
affected, and the growth is much more
formidably during a damp growing sea
son than a dry one.
4 It seems unnecessary to say that
much of the trouble from this difficulty
could be avoided; that is, the disease
might be checked, if these mummified
specimens were picked from the trees
before the buds appear la the spring.
As with most fungous diseases of
fruit trees, this brown rot may be large
ly overcome by spraying. It would oc
cupy too much space to go into the de
ism.
MUMMIFIED PEACHES.
tails of this disease here and tell how
to combat it, hence the reader. If a
peach-grower, wherever located, is ad
vised to send a request to the director
of the Georgia Experiment Station, lo
cated at Experiment Station Postottice.
Ga. If not a resident of Georgia,
Bend a 2-cent stamp for the bulletin ;.nu
ask for Bulletin No. 50.
Repeated Trials of Crops,
Every farmer who has tried the plan
knows that he frequently fails to get
a satisfactory crop of some grain or
vegetable, and does not always sue
ceed in getting a stand of the crops
sown for stock. This is often the case
with crimson clover, and sometimes
with the cow pea and with alfalfa.
Several recent communications from
correspondents who have adopted the
suggestion offered in this column re
garding alfalfa state that they tried
the plan, but did not get a satisfac
tory stand, and hence would give it
up. This is wrong, as the writer can
testify, for on several occasions he has
failed to get a satisfactory stand with
out any apparent cause for the fail
ure except in one instance, when the
seed was poor.
On the other hand, other sowings
have brought good stands, and addi
tional trials on the same laud where
previous failures had been made re
sulted in success. If tests on small
plots show that certain crops can be
grown on tlie farm, one ought not to be
discouraged at a single failure, espe
cially with such a crop as alfalfa
which promises so much to the Amer
lean farmer.
Milking in Australia.
In Australia they have a novel way
of milking in some of the large dairies
which precludes the access of dirt and
filth to the milk pali
while milking. It is
a milking glove or
tube. The valve is
over the teat and is
connected with a
long narrow tube
which leads to a
covered pail. The
orifices in the lid of
the pail are just
large enough to admit the tubes into
the pail and are not attached to them.
The plan seems to be the most feasible
of any of the devices for 'he purpose of
excluding foreign substances from the
milk pail. It is very important that all
deleterious substances be kept from the
milk pail In any way that can be em
ployed Consistent with economy.
To Destroy Potato Bugs.
Hand-picking of potato bugs Is a
slow process, and if the spot is a large
one many of the plants will be In
jured by the beetles before the work is
finished. On the appearance of the
pests go over the plot and spray with
paris green, which destroys them
quicker than by any other method.
Delay in so doing, even for a day, may
result In the vines being so seriously
Injured as to render it impossible for
them to recover their vitality, the
yield of the crop being consequently re
duced to a certain extent.
Economy on the Farm.
Economy on the farm is only possible
when all work together in harmony.
This refers not only to the outside de
partment, but also to the harmonious
working of the household with this
department It la possible for the
housewife to practice little economies
which In turn more than leak away in
th r extravagances on the farm. While
It Ij a good plan to practice economy,
yet health should never be sacrificed -1 "
for the dollars, neither should the eilu
cation of children be neglected for the
mere purpose of laying up a hank ac
count. It is never a good plan to plant
more than can be properly cared for. as
there Is sure to be some waste from
this practice. Where it is possible it is
recommended that the money-borrow
ing practice should be indulged in to a
very slight extent, as it generally re
sults in extravagance in the end.
Treatment of Meadows.
If the portion of the farm that Is In
meadow is Inclined to be wet and cold
the chances are It is also more or less
acid, hence will be much benefited by a
top dressing of lime, and this dressing
should be in liberal quantities, a ton
per acre not being too much.
Where some reseeding is necessary,
and this point should be looked after
carefully, the application of the lime
should be made after the seed is sown.
This reseeding will be found beneficial
on ten meadows out of fifteen, and If
it is done now the meadow will be
good for several seasons without more
seeding, under normal conditions of
weather.
Timothy, clover and red top makes a
good mixtures for reseeding, and may
be applied In quantities according to
the needs of the field, usually about
double the quantity of timothy seed be
ing used to either of the other grasses.
It will be understood that the liming
of the soil referred to does not in any
sense take the place of the annual top
dressing, with fertilizers that should
be applied to all meadows, but Is sim
ply designed to sweeten acid soils.
% __
Grain ane Dairy Farming.
An 1 important difference between
dairy farming and grain farming Is
the amount of the farm that Is sold
with the product that is of the fertility
of the farm. The man who sells
ton of wheat sells in it about $7 worth
of fertilizing elements, and If he does
not buy something to replace them his
farm is so much poorer. The dairy
man who sells a ton of butter has sold
but 50 cents' worth of fertilizing ma
terial, and if he is a good dairyman,
he has probably added much more than
that, or twenty times that to the value
of the farm in i-e bran. Ail meal, cot
ton seed, or other food that he pur
chased while feeding his cows for mak
ing that ton of butter. It is in this
way that the dairyman's farm is con
tinuf.-iy growing more productive, and
he does not make much from bis
dairy, he should from the crops that
he can grow on his much enriched soil.
—American Cultivator.
Bloating Cows.
There Is always more or less com
plaint regarding the bloating of cows
during the first weeks after they have
been turned out to pasture. Doubtless
a part of the trouble is due to the an
imal, long deprived of green food, over
loading her stomach and at the same
time drinking copiously of water.
Oftentimes, however, the trouble is
either due to improper feeding or else
the animal has an attack of indiges
tion. In either case the remedy is in
an entire change of diet, avoiding any
food that is not of the best quality
and confining the grain ration to such
as are of easy digestion.
The quality of the water drunk by
the animal should be looked into care
fully and particularly if the water is |
from a stream in the pasture. If there
is the slightest doubt about the quality
of the water, the source of supply
should be changed.
Value of Buckwheat!
Do not overlook buckwheat, especial
ly where bees are kept. It will grow
on poor land, and if not desired for its
grain makes an excellent crop for plow
ing under. It provides forage for bees
at a time when many other plants are
not in flower.
Dairy Notes,
each cow eats
her food
See that
clean.
Cows fed on rich food make rich ma
nure.
Better five cows on full feed than ten
on scant rations.
Try an increase in rations before con
demning a cow.
Skill In feeding will make a vast dif
ference in the profits.
If butter is overworked It will show
an oily or greasy look.
I ) 0 not let the cream get thick sour;
churn when slightly, acid.
A good separator does wonderfully
close skimming if Intelligently han
dled.
One essential to success In dairying
Is a cow fitted for a special purpose.
Fall and winter calves will make
fully as good dairy cows as spring
calves.
Rich food will make rich in (Ik and
rich milk will make tbe most cream
and butter.
In dairying especially, economy of
land means tbe fewest acres and tbe
most cows.
There Is no complicated work about
making gilt-edged butter. If one will
only follow the right principles In tbe
art.
One of the best ways to Judge a
cow's worth Is to milk her; the result
will usually he more satisfactory.
Mncb of tbe butter made on the farm
loses much of its value before reaching
market by Improper handling.
If you are after a good dairy cow. It
Is not desirable to lay too much stress
on having a good beef animal too.
A pound of butter can be produced so
as to give a better profit than a quart
of milk. If proper management Is
given.
It Is often found that tbe animal giv
ing tbe most milk Is not tbe one that
gives the most butter fat A smaller
yield of milk with a higher per dknt
of butter fat may make the cow tbe
real leader of the herd.
ROBERT T. HILL. I). S. GEOLOGIST
-
«
*
31
4
Professor Robert T. Hill Is the geolo
gist and geographer of the United
States Geological Survey at the head
of the scientific expedition that went
on the United States cruiser The Dixie
to the scene of the volcanic disaster
in the Islands of Martinique and St.
Vincent. Professor Hill has been a
member of the Geological Surveÿ* dur
ing the greater number of his mature
years. He has accompanied several
expeditions to the West Indies, and
was considered an expert on volcanic
conditions and the geological forma
tion of that part of the world. He
was particularly well known through
out the Southwest, where he made ex
tensive observations and conducted a
thorough examination of the Texas oil
fields. When the first news of the
Martinique disaster reached this coun
try he was chosen to head the expedi
tion which w r eut aboard the Dixie.
SOLDIERS AND SAILORS' MONUMENT
AT NEW YORK.
| steps,
its
The soldiers and sailors' monument
recently dedicated in Riverside Park.
New York, is one of the prettiest
monuments in that vicinity. A com
posite of Greek and Roman architec
ture, it consists of a circular, temple
like structure, standing on a platform
approached on two sides by broad
The building is entirely of
white Vermont marble, including the
roof. The granite forming the base
comes from Connecticut and Massa
chusetts. Thirty thousand feet of
marble and 10,000 feet of granite have
been used in me work, which cost up
ward of $250.000. The summit of the
monument stands 175 feet above the
level of the Hudson River, which flows
eighty feet beneath the base. The
Legislature of New York passed the
act providing for the work in 1803.
Old-Time Frankness.
The newspapers of the olden time
seemed to have shown a childlike
frankness in dealing with the public.
In the editorial columns of an old pa
per dated 1840 this personal plea ap
peared, and with It any book-lover or
book-lender can sympathize: "The per
son to whom we lent the second and
third volumes of the Novelists' Maga
zine would very much oblige us by re
turning tbe same without further de
lay. If he has 'not had them long
enough to read them through, by giving
us hlB name, so that we may know In
whose hands they are, he shall be enti
tled to the privilege of keeping them
another year." This sarcasm, however.
Is not so scathing as a notice In tbe
advertisers' columns which reads as
follows: "Ran away from the sub
scriber on Tuesday last, Richard Lew
is, an Indented apprentice. All persons
are forbid harboring or trusting him
on my account, as 1 shall pay no debts
of his contracting. Whoever shall re
turn him to me shall receive the above
reward and no expenses paid." Evi
dently there were worthless servants
even In those days. This one did not
have even that saving quality which
the gentleman attributed to bis Incom
petent cook, of whom he said: "She
stays." Another advertisement in this
same newspaper stirs both pity and
amusement by tbe frankness with
which the subscriber owns to a diffi
culty wl(h which many modern fellow
sufferers are familiar. "The subscriber
takes this opportunity to inform bis
friends that in future he will present
his bills for payment immediately after
bla services are performed, for he
despises this waiting a year.—M.
Hawks."
Babies must be os tired of being
kissed as parrots are of bearing, "Pol
ly want a cracker?"
Investigate, and you will find tbat
half your trouble was caused by need
lesaly butting In. j
CONVICTED A8 JESSE JAMES.
Kentuckian Sentenced Because of He*
semblance to Bandit.
Around the suburbs of Scottiville,
Ky„ dressed as an ordinary farm la
borer and performing the duties en
tailed by the ownership of a farm of
ridge laud, may be seen a man wbo bas,
perhaps, attained as much unenviable
notoriety as any other man In the State
of Kentucky.
Hia name Is Tom Hunt and the mere
mention of It recalls the famous Mam
moth cave stage robbery and the sub
sequent arrest, trial, conviction and
pardon of Hunt for a crime with which
he had no connection. His unfortunate
resemblance to Jesse James, the Mis
souri bandit, however came near cost
ing him a term In the penitentiary.
At the trial, which was conducted at
Glasgow, three of the passengers on
the Ill-fated stage positively Identified
Hnnt as -the spokesman of the gang
who held up and robbed them and con
viction was Inevitable.
Hunt might have thrown a flood of
light on the subject bad he chosen to
prove his whereabouts on the da"y of
the robbery, yet be remained sullen and
quiet, except to pronounce as a
lie" the Identification as testified to by
the three witnesses.
When the lamented Judge Roundtree,
one of the robbed passengers, was
placed on the stand, be was possessed
of a different mind to that held by hie
fellow passengers in regard to tbe guilt
of the man on trial, and further than to
say that "he beers a striking resem
blance to the leader of tbe gang, but If
he Is the man then my faith in my own
recollection la very much shaken," he
would not ga
However, the evidence was conclu
sive to the mind of the Jury, and a term
In the penitentiary was given Hunt.
Before being carried from the Glasgow
jail to the penitentiary at Frankfort
Bob Ford assassinated Jesse James In
Missouri, and on the bnndit's person
were found the watch which had been
taken from Judge Roundtree, and other
indisputable evidence of the guilt of
James and the Innocence of Hunt.
At about the same time one of the
James gang, then confined In the Still
water, Minn., penitentiary, made a con
fession of the Mammoth cave stage rob
bery, and recited where some of the
jewelry had been hidden.
An Investigation revealed the correct
ness of the convict's story and Judge
Roundtree made haste to make amends
for the wrong which the Barren County
court had done an Innocent man by
going to Frankfort and securing from
the Governor an unconditional pardon
for Hunt
Where Hunt was on the day of the
robbery was as much of a mystery to
day as It was on tbe day of his convic
tion, since he has steadfastly refused
to particularize his whereabouts, but
the supposition obtains that he had his
own reasons for not wanting his where
abouts or bis acts on the day in ques
tion known and knowing his Innocence
of the crime with which he was
charged, preferred to remain silent and
be convicted, trusting that some future
act of those who committed the stage
robbery would serve to liberate him.
The picture of the dead bandit so
closely resembles that of Hunt, says a
St. Louis Post-Dispatch special, that no
visible difference can be detected and
on two occasions Hunt has been forced
to submit to arrest by Missouri officers
who mistook him for Jesse James.
ed
Famous Old Highway.
The most important highway biiilt in
the United States early in the century
was the so-called Cumberland road,
which was to extend from Cumberland
Md., through Southwestern Pennsyl
vania. over the Alleghany Mountains to
the Ohio at Wheeling, W. Y r a., and then
on to St. Louis. It was so well con
structed that it Is a good road to-day.
Henry Clay was its projector and chief
supporter, and his services in its be
half are commemorated by a monu
ment near Wheeling. We are told by
letters written at that period that
"there were sometimes twenty gayly
painted four-horse coaches each way
dally. The cattle and sheèp were nev
er out of sight, and canvas-covered
wagons were drawn by six to twelve
horses."
On this great road, which eventually
passed into tbe hands of the States
through which It runs, the Government
expended no less a sum than $7,000,000.
Within a mile of It on either side the
country was a wilderness, but on the
highway Itself the traffic was as dense
as in the main street of a large town.
Ten miles an hour was the usual speed
for coaches. From Baltimore to Wheel
Ing ran lines of freight wagons which
carried ten tons, drawn by twelve
horses, and with wheels ten feet- In
diameter.—Pearson's Magazin».
The Parental Opinion.
"Did you speak to father about our
marriage?" asked Maybelle.
"I did," answered Count Fucash.
"Did he give his consent?"
"Yes. After a fashion. He said that
If you bad no more sense than to be
willing to marry me. you didn't deserve
any better fate."—Ohio State Journal.
Statistics About Lightning. .
Lightning statistics in tbe United
States last year showed that nine-six
teenths of tbe persons strnck recovered.
than one-fourth were struck in
open ground.
Profitable Simple Device.
Tbe rubber tip added to lead pencils
for use as an eraser was one of the most
profitable simple devices ever patented.
If yon were written up as the hero
(or heroine) of a novel, as you actually
are, bow tbe critics would roast such
a character!
It was a great idea to refer to a clr
cos as "a great moral show."
r.
m
m
m
ATTRACTIVE HAIR.
U:
T may be distinctly Inferred from
tbe "Sermon on the Monnt" that It
Is beyond our power, physically
speaking, to make one's balr white or
black; but with a scientific treatment
of our hirsute bead adornment It may
be made positively attractive. Of
course dyes were not taken Into ac
count at the time tbe above statement
was given to tbe world. Artificial
means to make the hair look vigorous
and healthy will not be so necessary
If a little dally care Is bestowed npon
It as we Journey through life. Reader.
If yon haven't the time, take my ad
vice and "steal awhile away" Just be
fore going to bed and give your scalp
a thorough brushing until "each par
ticular hair stands up" (not like por
cupine quills), but with an electrical
thrill. This will cause It to grow and
thrive more luxuriantly than any tonic
purchasable at the drug store.
Mothers often neglect their children's
hair; but if a freckle or two puts In an
appearance on a little girl's nose or
cheeks there Is a state of alarm In
that family, you may rest assured.
Pretty hair Is Just as desirable as a
rosy, peachy cheek. Children have
tender heads. Use the comb gently
and sparingly, mamma, and don't Im
agine you are raking in the garden
when you straighten out the silken
tresses'. The operation of brushing a
child's hair may be made pleasurable
and enjoyable to It if some fairy tale
Is poured in Its ears simultaneously.
As soon as a youth la old enough to
perform this little feat In electricity
for himself or herself, the parent
should select the proper Implements
for hair cultivation, and In a neat
presentation speech Induce the recipi
ent to make a dally test of their use
fulness. Castile soap Is all right for
washing the hair occasionally. Rinse
it off well with clear water.—Ex
change.
Three Attractive Gown«.
The first of the three gowns Illustrat
ed Is of fawn cloth, the skirt finished
with many rows of stitching, above
which is a stitched baud of cloth fin
ished with small tabs, caught with tiny
gold buttons. The smart blouse coat is
lined with white satin the same mate
rial forming the deep sailor collar, re
vers and tabs, all of which are em
broidered In a design of small pink
flowers. The rim of the fawn straw
hat is faced with brown velvet, the
trimming consisting of a silk scarf in
shades of pink and fawn, and pink
fiowers.
The third model Illustrated Is of gray
frieze, stitched about the edge of the
skirt and on the coat. In a fashion
simulating a bolero. The waist coat
which Is of plain gray cloth is fasten
ed with three silver buttons, and opens
in
*
THREE ATTRACTIVE MODELS.
to
on
to
at
to
over a white silk blouse. The bell
sleeves are stitched, and faced with
dark gray velvet, the same material
forming the belt and revers.
The central figure illustrates a gown
of navy blue cloth, the skirt made with
stitched flounces. The smart blouse
coat has wide satin revers, applique
with cream lace. The pointed belt is of
blue panne velvet, aud the large but
tons decorating the coat are of cut
steel. The hat worn with this costume
is of black chiffon, aud violets, with
streamers of black taffeta.
Impure Air and Wrinkles.
The latest scientific writers on the
subject of wrinkles bold that tbe air
in our rooms should be changed three
times every hour. The skin owes Its
beauty to the nerves which control the
fine invisible blood vessel of tbe sur
face, whose work lends glow and trans
parence to the face. The nerves, in
turn, owe their sensitiveness to the air,
which Is oür chief nutriment inhaled by
gallons hourly, and which should be
pure and Invigorating. When the
nerves are deadened by close air the
fine muscles lose their tone, tbe tissue
of the face shrinks, and these shrink
ages become wrinkles. A week's watch
ing may write the face over with fine
lines, and a week of rest will restore
lost tissue, fat and fluids to fill tbe
spaces and smooth the face again.
How to Cleon Cot Gloss.
Gut glass should have the greatest
possible care In handling. A wooden
tub should be used for washing, and
the water-in which It Is cleared should
neves be too warm for tbe bands. The
deeper the cutting the more liable it Is
to be broken. Cut glass should never
bs left upon stone or marble, and in
I
rinsing the water should be of nearly
the same temperature as that used for
the washing. It should always be
drained on a soft towel or cloth. De
canters and water bottles often get dis
colored, but a soft cloth guided by a
wire will generally remove the sedi
ment When this Is obBtlnate, bits of
paper with shot and strong soapsuds
will do the work. Bèans are some
times used instead of shot. Glass that
is ornamented with gold should be
washed with castile or a good white
soap—that is, a suds—and should be
wiped as dry as possible.' All the fine
glass should be kept In a closed cab
inet and handled very little. A damp
place Is not advisable for glass, espe
cially that with gold decorations.
The primary cause of infant mortal
ity in cities during midsummer is the
Intense beat, and next comes, in the
case of bottle-fed children, the giving
of Indigestible food or of milk which
has began to change. The baby's life,
in other words! depeuds upon his being
kept cool and being properly fqd. These
matters are of such Importance that
In most of. our cities the health boards
issue each summer leaflets containing
directions for the care of the baby, and
distribute them among all the tenement
house dwellers.
In these leaflets, mothers are warned
particularly to keep the baby and all its
surroundings absolutely clean. Tbe
child should be sponged or bathed onoe
or twice every day tn lukewarm water,
dried by wrapping In a soft towel, and
then put Into clean, dry clothes. The
clothing should be light and loose and
changed often. The baby should never
sleep In the clothes which It has worn
during the day, nor wear In the day
those frhich have been slept tn at nignt.
It should sleep In a separate cot, and
never In the bed with Its mother. The
sleeping room khould always be well
aired, the windows being open day
and night.
During the day the baby should be
kept in the open air as much ns possi
ble, and a daily ride into the country
on a trolley car, or an excursion on
the water, If there is any large body of
it accessible, will do more, perhaps,
than anything else to keep the little one
in health.
It should never be forgotten
baby needs water to drink, aud plenty
of It, in hot weather. The water should
be boiled. Jheu poured into a bottle,
half filling It, and well shaken to re
store the air lost In boiling. This is
then to be cooled, not iced, and given
to the baby In small quantities at fre
quent intervals through the day.
A nursing baby has an Immense ad
vantage over one that Is bottle-fed, and
on no account should weaning be at
tempted just before or during the hot
weather. If artificial feeding Is nec
essary. the physician should He con
sulted as to the choice of a food, for
among the many kinds on the market
some are good and some are not.
The Street Skirt.
In street skirts there are two new
features, and these are, the habit skirt
without any fullness in the back to
some distance below the waist, made
to open at the side of the front breadth;
and the skirt with the double box pleat
at the back, not exactly new, but re
vived, as it were. 'All skirts fit close
to the figure, and all flow around the
foot. The favorite trimmings are m
flat bauds of braid, or embroidery, or
bias bands or folds of silk or satin.
In fact, last year's skirts are quite
acceptable for this season.
in
be
8kv-Blne Taffeta.
A sky-blue taffeta is as pretty a gown
as can be found. The taffeta Is com
pletely veiled with net, which In turn Is
dotted with chenille nnd striped with
narrow black velvet ribbons. Lace aud
embroidery appear in some scattered
wreath ornaments. Th<\hlgh flat collar
is In Irish lace and the belt In blue satin
of a sky-blue shade. Pompadour rib
bon is draped under the pointed collar
and knotted Into a careless bow, the
ends of the ribbon being edged with
pleated lisse.
To Manicure the Nalls.
One of the secrets of good inanlcur
lng is to keep the nails wet and well
greased while the work is being done.
Soak the nails thoroughly and file
them. Cut out any hangnails, but use
the scissors for no other purpose. On
no account cut the cuticle or any part
.of the flesh. If you do, it will thicken
the flesh around the finger tips and
reduce them to a hopeless condition.
Remove the roughness qn the nails and
all griminess or stains with the pointed
stick wet with ongaline.
To Keep the Hand# White.
A preparation to keep the hands soft
and white Is made by dissolving a little
white wax in almond oil. Apply this
mixture while warm, and gloves must
be worn to keèp the wax In place, as it
soon cools and will peel off. If ammo
nia is used to soften hard water, a little
cold cream must be rubbed on after
ward, as ammonia destroys the natural
oil on the surface of tbe skin. It also
makes tbe nails brittle.
Thackeray adored tbe memory of hia
mother. He said, "Mother is the name
of God on tbe Ups of little chUdren."

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