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Irrl|ttlo( a Firm Garden.
Many farmen feel ao eure of aoccesa with artificial watering that they are patting down artesian wella and In tend to build reservoir« aa soon as pos sible, the past dry seasons causing them to realise the necessity of a most constant supply of moisture. Nearly all the wells are 2 Inches In diameter and cost from 00 to 80 cents per foot. The flow amounts to from 10 to 86 gallons per minute. One 8ft-incb well that cost 8200 and Is 296 feet deep flows about 1,800 gallons per minutes though the amount has never been ac curately measured, u is thought the flow of some wells near this large one ' has diminished and it Is possible that the artesian water supply may be lim ited. A few fields have been flooded or 4> wet up" direct from these wells du» tng the fall and winter, and have pro* ■duced the following season 20 to 30 bushels of wheat to the acre, and other crops In proportion, while fields not so treated produced less than half this «mount Irrigation hère is largely con fined to gardens, the water In most cases being used direct from the wells, but ' a few farmers have reservoirs which aid in the economical use of the •water, thus giving much better results. One garden has been Irrigated five years and Is producing all kinds of vegetables in abundance and of fine quality. A few gardens have been watered by wind-pumps. This method gives excellent results, especially where « small reservoir Is used. Other gar 9 -.«Jy AW ABTES IAS WATER SUPPLY. siens have been watered by pumping from streams. This mode of irrigation must necessarily be limited, as the «mount of water In streams is very «mall during a dry time. In fact, I have seen it almost dry. The water is usually run between the rows of the various crops, some times between every row, or at most every third or fourth row. The plan proposed is to have main ditches, with «everal sets of laterals dividing the .fields into squares, varying In size ac cording to the slope of the land. In stead of ditches for the second set of laterals, back furrows may have to be substituted If the fields have much slope, for the water is too valuable to permit of waste. The Illustration shows how a few "catch" the water from artesian wells. It may be dis tributed as best suits the gardener or farmer.—L. G. Hendricks, in Farm and Home. The Gradua Pea. Those who tinu the best profit in rais ing the wrinkled varieties of peas wlu be glad to have the Gradus, shown in the illustration. Not only Is the quality of this variety equal to that of an/ wrinkled sort, but it is better than any of the smooth sorts that are early in season. The Gradus combines quality with extra earllness and extreme pro ductiveness. Most of the wrinkled sorts «re rather tender, but this variety may be planted as early as any of the smooth sorts without injury, and .« said to be the only wrinkled variety with which this can be done. The growth of the vine Is strong and healthy, and the bearing qualities are of the best. The pods are large, hold ing from eight to ten peas. While the sort Is comparatively new. It has heen tested quitet extensively, and if it does TUX GRADLS PSA. su well generally as In the localities where it baa been tasted It will be an acquisition. Deep Plowing. We need to believe In what we read when young about the value of plow ing deep to bring tv the fertility that had leached down through the surface «OU Into the aubeolL Our opinion was changed vyhen we tested the deep plowing upon a field with a clay sub aoil that we planted with corn. Later experiments have more thoroughly con vinced us that deep plowing, by which we mean a depth of more than four to «lx Inches, is seldom beneficial In this eltmate, whatever it may be In other sections of the country. The crops like con. that like to spread their roots aaar the surface* where toe soil Is wArmed by the sun, certainly do not need to have the earth stirred very deeply for them, while those that send their roots down Into the subsoil, as onions, clover, beets, etc., can do so almost through the hardest subsoil or anything excepting a gravel in which there is no moisture.—American Culti vator. . _ Keeping Old Hex. We used to say that old hay well kept In the barn was better than money at Interest, but the following paragraph from an exchange leads us to think that h Is possible to keep it too long for profit. A farmer In Laconia, N. H„ has been feeding out hay to his stock this spring which was harvested in the spring of 1857—forty-five years ago. This hay is yet clean and bright, being In every way as handsome and perfect as when put into the barn. We do not remember the price of hay In 1857, but about 1867 we sold bay of our own cur ing at about 866 per ton. But if that hay was worth but 820 per ton forty five years ago. and |iad been sold and the money placed at Interest, It would have bought a great deal of hay this spring, while at compound Interest th-i price of a ton would have been enough by this time to nave paid for a pretty good New Hampshire farm. While - is not a good idea to sell out so closely on non-perishable produce as to be obliged to buy again before another crop -an be harvested, we think forty-five years Is too long to hold a crop. We used to like to sell when we could get a fair price, and Just retain what we thought might be needed at home.—Massachusetts Ploughman. Guessing and Knowing. Thousands of farmers have guessed It did not pay to feed, and so have let their cows dry up nearly, destroying all profit in milk for the entire year. To who read, think and don't guess any more than they can help have kept their herds up to the usual standard. Their verdict is that it has paid a good profit to do this. The others are look ing ahead with gloomy eyes. O, no! >t don't pay to be a reading farmer" In connection with the foregoing the dairyman quotes the following as illus trating that knowledge is better than guessing at things: "The Kansas exper iment station at a recent test found that counting wheat at $1 per 100 pounds, cottonseed meal at $1.50, and rating butter at 17 cents per pound, and placing the value of skim milk against the hauling, there would be a very handsome profit in the transaction; therefore, that it would pay fanners a great deal better to purchase cotton seed meal and increase the amount both of wheat straw and ground wheat and thus keep their cows in milk, avoid ing the shutting of the creamery with all the evil results which follow."— Hoard's Dairyman. An Underground Cistern. Mrs. Lou Detwiler, of O'Brien Coun ty. writes Iowa Homestead: "Will you please give a good plan for an under ground cistern? 1 would like one so the pump can be In the house." To this the editor of the Homestead replies: "A cistern is built according to the customary methods with an Inlet for the rain water. In the bottom or to c :o side of the cistern Is built a filter, which consistse of a solid brick wall made of soft brick. A lead pipe leads from tblB to the cistern pump in uie kitchen. All cisterns should be provided with an overflow pipe to let off the sur plus water in times of flood. We nnd this a better plan than to depend on cutting off the flow in the Inlet, as that wiu sometimes be neglected." ,««* Farm Notes. Bordeaux mixture controls downy mildew on lima beans. A haphazard, go-easy way in farm ing is not going to bring a big profit this year. Make the boy's Interest in the farm so profitable that be will be anxious to make farming his life work. Chicory culture was started by Long Island farmers several years ago, but it did not pay and has been abandoned. The farmer as well as the business man who is going to forge to the front these times is the one who thinks and plana. It has been demonstrated that In the sections where thorough drainage practiced larger crops are produced, and at less cost than wher drainage neglected. The currant worm Is ready to begin work on the first approach of warm weather. Powdered hellebore is the remedy. ~ which may be used with water or applied in the dry condition, while the leaves are damp from -rain or dew. String beans can be obtained during the entire summer by planting once a month for successive supplies. The seed germinates quickly in warm weather, and the plants grow rapidly. They can also be extensively grown for pickling. When the old strawberry beds are out of use plow them under for late cabbage or turnips. If preferred the land may remain for a garden plot next spring, but If such 1« preferred the bed must be seed. Late In the fall opver the beds with manure and plow the plot next spring. "BU8INE88 18 BU8INE88." Mr, Parvo Explains to Hie Wife the Significance of Btrikea. Reginald," said! Mrs. Parvo, glancing up from the evening paper, "do you be lieve In calling strikes?" Certainly I do," replied Mr. Parvo. "most assuredly. If they are called In an impartial and unbiased manner, but 1 tell you It's mighty aggravating to have three men on bases in the ninth inning, two men out, with one run nec essary to yin, and then bave some blooming one-eyed astlgmatized umpkv in sympathy with the visiting team call the. batter out on strikes when he hasn't even—" Why, Reginald Parvo, "what are you talking *out ?" What do you think 1 am talking about?" growled Mr. Parvo. 'Grlddlecakes." replied Mgs. Parvo; "they're the only thing 1 know of that require a batter. Why, I can't follow you gt all, Reginald. I always sup posed that it was the labor unions that called strikes. I never even heard of a one-eyed umpire before. What does he have to do with It?" With what?" faith the carpenter's strike." Oh, the devil! I thought you were reading the baseball column, but T'U stick to what I said Just the same. I'm for strikes that are impartial and unbiased." "Reggie, dear!" "Yes, love " "Is the carpenters' strike that kind of a strike?" "I'm waiting to see which side wins before I commit myself," whispered Mr. Parvo, "so as not to Interfere with my business." "You're just as shrewd as you can be, Reggie." "Well, I know a thing or two, 1 guess." said Mr. Parvo, proudly, draw ing In two full breaths at once.—Hart ford Times. FEARED WRATH OF FATHER. How an Englishman Collected a Debt Owed by a Deceased Turk. A very curious experience Is that re cently related by an Englishman resi dent In Turkey. He had loaned a ' 'urk some money, but the man was unable to pay, and on his deathbed laid a par ticular charge on his wife and children to meet the debt. The eldest son was making arrangements accordingly, but also died, and be, too, begged his family to pay the money as soon as they could. One day the Englishman received a visit from a member of the family, who said that there were now four members of It left, and they were ready to pay, but one of the daughters refused to sub scribe her share, declaring that the money was never really lent. The oth ers, however, wished to settle the mat ter, and if the Eiglishman would come to the house It would be arranged. "But," the Turk added, "if you see there Is any difficulty, Just say that you leave it to be settled In the next world." Accordingly the Englishman went to the house at the appointed time and met the family In the presence of a mollah, the ladies being behind a screen. The mollah began by asking f he bad truly lent the money, how much it was and if be would take any less. One of the women behind kept saying It was all a fraud. The Englishman then declared that be bad lent the money; that be had not asked for It; that they had told him to come and get It, and If they did not want to pay it ne would leave the matter to be settled in the next world. There was dead silence for a few moments and then the women called their brother and each paid her s~are without a word. It seems the prospect of meeting the father in e other world without having carried out his wishes was too serious a thing to face. __ No Deflect in Pettns' Hearing. ' Laughter went up from the Demo cratic cloakroom of the House for a time /while the Alabama contingent was telling anecdotes of Senator Pet tus. One of these anecdotes ran as follows: A former Alabaman, lawyer by pro fession, came to Washington and call ed at the capitol to meet the Senator. They gathered in the marble room, where the lawyer addressed the Sena tor In very loud tones. As he talked he spoke louder and louder, as though he thought the Senator was deaf. Looking kindly over bis spectacles, the Senator observed In very low tones, shifting his quid In characteris tic tashlon: "Don't talk so loud, my friend. 1 could bear a mouse creeping across the floor." ______ Identified. The general postofflee at Paris once received a letter addressed "To Mon sieur, my son. Rue—, etc." They were going to send it to wiiat *u France cor responds to or' dead-letter office, but a clerk objected. "There must be two fools in that fam ily." he said. "We shall find out to whom it belongs. Sure enough. In a few days a stu pid-looking youth entered, and said to the clerk, "I'd like to find out If you haven't kept here a letter for me from my father." "Yes, sir," replied the clerk. "Here it la."__ An Hiatorio Musket. The musket used by Major John But trlck at the North bridge In Concord on April 19, 1775, has been presented by bis two great-grandchildren, the only remaining members of the family, to the State of Massachusetts, and it Is to be deposited In the 8tate House In Boston for permanent preservation. It Is as hard to swear off spending money. If you have the money, as It Is to swear off smoking with a cigar in your pocket NO PLACE8 FOR A WIDOW. ÇjpHERE is a rude awakening m II store for the woman of no espe ** cial qualifications who starts out to make her own living nowadays. Never was the task harder. Specializa tion in the lines of women's endeavor is just as great as in the lines followed by men. Thirty years ago the gentlewoman left dependent on her own resources could take a few music pupils In a dllle tante sort of way, and get enough mon ey to supply her immediate needs. Or she could go out as a nurse In her own select circle. Half a dozen other ways were open to her. Times have changed, however. Only a few days ago a woman in a city up the State of middle age was left a widow, and when the affairs of her husband's estate were wound up she found that she would have to find a way to support herself. She had old friends and to them she came. They did what they could to find her employ ment and this was the result: 1. Took a place as "working house keeper," but the family wanted some one who could do part of the washing and she was not strong enough. Had to give it up. 2. An opportunity was offered to taae care of an invalid, but she could not qualify. A trained nurse was needed. 3. A small child needed personal su pervision. The child must, however, be cared for in the "scientific way." She lacked the latter-day training, although she had "raised" children In the coun try. Couldn't qualify. 4. Care of older children; some one who could teach French and German. Could not qualify. And so It went down through the list. She could not do a housemaid's work— she was too old. Youth and strength were needed in the menial places. What was such a woman to do? Commit sui cide? Or what?—New York Evening Sun. Relic of Ancient Custom. The very same objection which for many centuries denied women property or right of wages, which offered neither opportunity nor encouragement to the education of women, which per secuted the first women physicians and opposed the opening of each Industry to the woman wage earner Is still ob jecting to giving women the ballot. And what is this objection? An in stinctive fear that individual liberty for women will disarrange that time honored scheme once thought divine and defined by Blackstone: "The husband and wife are one, and that one is the husband." To maintain this oneness of husband and wife he once administered her property, collected her wages and spent her money for her. Time has destroyed the old-time oneness, and now the wife manages her own affairs and does her own thinking; but, as a last relic of ancient custom, the husband votes for her. He does not do this because he or any one else supposes for a moment that he really represents her. He votes his own opinions, while hers go unre corded. Man.ls usually quick and will ing to admit that this condition Is neither logical nor just, but the aver age man who still opposes giving the suffrage to women stands frightened before this act of simple Justice. He is like a distinguished Congressman who admitted the other day that he was convinced the arguments for wom an suffrage could not be answered, yet confessed that he quaked in his shoes in dread of the necessity of rearrang ing his ideals when once it should come. It is man, liberty loving, progressive, fearless, who advocates woman suff rage. It is man, creed and tradition bound, timid, frightened, who opposes It.—Carrie Chapman Catt. As the Twig la Bent. Recently there has been completed in South Germany a test of the powers of observation in boys and girls. The school authorities had a work man of ordinary looks placed in a room by himself. Classes of girls of different age were sent through the room. All that the teachers told them was that they were to go into the room through one door and out through another. When thev returned to their classrooms they were asked to describe the man in the room. Nearly 80 per cent of the girls confined their attention to the man's clothes; the others described both clothes and fea tures. The same experiment when tried with boys revealed that fact that near ly 70 per cent of them confined their at tention to the men's features, the re malbder to both features and clothes. Don't Get the Candy Habit. A girl of 15 ought to be the living picture and reality of health. It Is a duty, this matter of good health. Ex ercise in the open air, temperance in eating and occupation—these are the secrets of good health. The girl who lies in bed late, never walks a mile and eats candy morning, noon and night« can never feel well, and has no right to feel well. An occasional treat of pure candy Is good, but nothing could be worse than the continuous eating of sweet stuff which goes on among girls almost universally in this country. Beauty of complexion, good nature and healthful enjoyment of life all vanish when the train of Ills brought on by overindulgence In sweets begins to sub merge the vitality. . There Is much to be learned by girls and women on this subject of diet Every girl should find out what is best for her, and then stick to It for with out health life Is a failure to nine peo ple out of ten. Occasionally some ona has been great enough to make some thing out of a life handicapped by chronic sickness, but for one who has succeeded a thousand have failed.— Woman's Home Companion. Care of the Feet. When the warm weather comes, for many people feet troubles begin. The feet get tired, hot, and swell and feel tender. The best remedy for tender or swollen feet is cold water. Plunge the feet into cold water for a few sec onds every day, and follow this with a vigorous rubbing with a rough towel. When the feet ache and burn a tepid Bait-water foot-bath is most refresh ing. A few drops of olive oil rubbed upon dry feet will prevent blisters, but feet that perspire too freely should be rubbed with alcohol after the cold plunge and then dusted with fuller's earth. If the feet are tender it will afford relief If the insides of the stockings are powdered with boraclc-powder. A lo tion made from one ounce of boricic powder dissolved in half a pint of boil ing water Is extremely good to use as a fomentation for enlarged and tender toe-joints and bunions. A piece of lint saturated with It when cold and laid on the joint on going to bed, with a piece of oiled silk on It and a bandage over all to keep it in place, will give great relief if the application is per severed in for some nights. A Negligee Gown. Every woman wants a negligee gown. There are many pretty ones in the shops, but here is a home-made one: Use flowered muslin over silk— pink or blue. Lay a deep yoke in mod erate widt-- tucks, set close together, running straight across the back, but diagonally in front. From the edge of the yoke let the muslin fall in accor dian plaits. Finish the neck according to fancy. . A pretty yoke and stock for a light silk gown is of ruffled tulle, the ruffles being so tiny as to look almost like simple shirring. Over both are set small pearl beads, as close together as desired. A fold or twist of satin may be used at the top of the stock and at the lower edge of the yoke. Fancy Waist. White silk waist, edged with black velvet fold; neck and cuffs of blue taf feta, stitched In blue; shoulder straps and border of the white silk stitched In black. Starch and Steel. Put your steel ornaments in powder ed starch when they are not in use This will prevent them from rusting. Health and Beauty Hints. A salt footbath at night wonderfully rests and Invigorates the whole sys tern. A pleasant softness and fragrance is given to bathing water by throwiug Into it some fresh orange peel. Veils should either be washed thrown away when soiled, for the dust which clolects in them Is bad for the complexion. For stiffness of the muscles caused by overexertion a very good remedy Is to rub the affected muscles thoroughly with alcohol undiluted. All acids are more or less injurious to the teeth. Medicine in which there is acid should be taken through a glass tube and the mouth rinsed with a little borax and water. For vitriol burns cover the parts burned with a soft, thick paste of cal cined magnesia and water. This re lieves the pain very quickly, and there is seldom a scar left after this treat ment. The wrinkles called "crow's feet" should be prevented by dally stroking of the folds or where they would come. Keeping the blood In free circulation under the skin Is the sure wrinkle pre ventive. To make a first-rate hair wash shred an ounce of white soap, pour over It a quart of boiling water gnd stir till dis solved. When cool, add the whisked yolk of two eggs and a tablespoonful of spirits of rosemary. Cork tightly and shake well before use. Bran water is excellent for the com plexion. Put a teacupful of bran into a cheese-cloth bag and pour on It boil ing water. When sufficiently cool it will be found creamy and soft to wash In and very cleansing. The bran bag is used by many people daily for wash ing both face and hands. To whiten the hands use only soft water for washing and a good toilet soap. Before drying rub on a few drops of pure glycerine, work It Into the skin thoroughly and then dry care fully. Keep the pulp of a lemon on your washstand and with It rub the hands mice or twice a day after wash ing. RECENT JUDICIAL DECISION* I Shares of stock in a corporation uf held by the Supreme Court at NOW. Hampshire in the case of ChampoeUga vs. Corbin (51 Atl. Rep., 674), to bO ; personalty, not realty, though the prop erty of the corporation consists almOsk ' entirely of real estate. Where a subscription to a church building fund is supported by the con sideration of other subscriptions mad« in reliance thereon, and is Irrevocable by the conditional subscriber at tb« time of his death, the Supreme Court of Michigan, in the case of Waters vs. Union Trust Company (89 N. W. Rep„ 687), holds that his death does not op erate as a revocation thereof. Where a citizen of another State was arrested In a civil action, while In at tendance as a witness before a referee^ and before he had completed bis testi mony, the Supreme Court of New Hampshire in the case of Dickinson vs. Farwell (51 Atl. Rep., 624), holds that such arrest was Illegal, and did not give the court Jurisdiction, and that he was entitled to discharge. Life Insurance policy on a bankrupt's life which has no cash surrender valu« Is held. In Morris vs. l>odd (Ga.), 60 L. R. A. 33, to have been lawfully transferred by him to bis wife within four months prior to his petition in bankruptcy, though the policy was pre viously payable to his legal representa tives. The case has annotation show ing the authorities concerning life in surance as assets of a bankrupt or in solvent. Title has been defined to be the means whereby the owner of the lands or other real property has the just and legal possession and enjoyment of It Several stages or degrees are said to be requisite to a complete title to lands and tenements, namely, the mere naked possession or actual occupation of the estate, the right of possession, and the right of property. The union of these three constitute a complete title. Ac tual possession alone Is prima facie evidence of legal title, and without pos session, no title is complete or per fect. The right of possession may ex ist In one person, while the actual pos session may be in another. There is an apparent right of possession which may be rebutted by a better right and an actual right of possession which will stand the test against all claims. Descent and purchase are the only modes by which title to real property can be acquired to-day, although title by prescription may be said to consti tute a- third way. By descent is where the property is vested In a person by operation of law; by purchase, where It is vested by the person's own act or agreement. The latter Includes ev ery mode of acquisition known to the law. Where title to real property is founded on prescription it is on the as sumption that he who has had quiet and uninterrupted possession of a thing for a long period of years Is supposed to have a just right without which he could not have retained such posses sion. This kind of title Is founded on long usage. Technically speaking pre scription does not apply to land or cor poreal property, but rather to incor poreal hereditaments, such as rents, right of way, and the like. In this country It has been put on the ground of the presumption of a previous grant or agreement which has been lost by lapse of time. George Downing. Every letter Lord Salisbury writes from Downing street perpetuates the name of a clever man from Massachu setts. Those were the days before the Fourth of July had any significance in American annals, and George Down ing, the first scholar In the first public school in Massachusetts, and the first graduate sent out by Harvard Col lege, came to England and became • chaplain in Cromwell's army. By a re markable stroke of fortune, he was sent to represent England at The Hague when Europe was trembling be fore Oliver, and during three distinct eras in England's history he held the office of British ambassador at the Dutch court. He was as popular—or as clever—under the merry monarch as under the protector and the com monwealth, and' It came to pass, In the reign of Charles II., that the man from Massachusetts was granted a great tract of land at Westminster, where he built huge mahsions and laid cut Downing street. To this day Down ing's street Is Downing street still, and. though George Downing Is forgotten, there Is no name In the British empire which la more familiar to us than his. —St James' Gazette. Can Keep Eggs Twelve Years. M. Louis Parisot an eminent French chemist has discovered a liquid which he claims to be capable of preserving the freshness of eggs for a period of twelve years. A year ago he placed a large number of these delicacies in the liquid, getting a magistrate to witness his act and seal the tank with bis offi cial seal. A few days ago the was opened In the presence of his wor ship, the eggs being found to be In ex cellent condition. Four eggs were se lected at haphazard out of the rook, and on being bqlled were eaten, the magistrate pronouncing them to be ex cellent and possessing a delicious fla vor. Another triumph for the Inventor happened the other day. some eggs which had been In the liquid for four months being successfully hatched, eight out of the twelve placed under the hen proving fertile. M. Parisot state« that he can preserve eggs with bis prep aration at a cost of 15 cents per l.UOQi —London Mall. One Month's Looses by Fin. In February the fire losses In the Uni tec States and Canada aggregated 821,01(^500. J|g