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A sailor isn't necessarily a pugilist because he boxes the compass. What a tiresome old world this would be if folks could have their own Way all the time. The excitement of dodging taxes does ft great deal to prevent high society suf fering from ennui. Tt is never safe to gauge the senti ment of the country by the cheers in the Congressional galleries. Schwab has begun giving money to colleges. We may expect that it will be "Dr. Schwab before long.'' President Palma says he and his family will live plainly., On $25,000 a year they can afford to live as plainly as they please. Ab if young Alfonso of Spain did not already have enough trouble on his hands with the Carlists and an empty treasury, his advisers are trying to get him married. Prince Henry is in training for fur ther diplomatic work for his brother, the Emperor. He has recently been visiting Ireland, where they keep the Blarney stone. Senator Dolliver says poor people are the only ones who have a chance in the world. Still, as Senator Will iam M. Stewart says, "If a man has money he doesn't need sj-mpathy." The latest one is "Meine," with an Imported French accent over each "e." Of course it is our old friend Mamie In disguise, but just as sweet and charm ing as ever. Grayce and Alls are more easily recognized. The doctors report that the trouble ■with Hobson is "compound hyper metropic astigmatism, retinal hypere mia and trachoma." Gracious good ness'. Why don't they give the poor man a pension and let him go? It is announced that the British au thorities have introduced ping-pong into imbecile wards of pool-houses for the jvnrpose of affording the inmates an easy and innocent amusement at a small cost. So it seems the game has Its value after all. A woman who married a man who claimed to have German estates that proved a myth, has secured a divorce. Quite right. It is evident it was not the man she was marrying, but the estates, and since they do not exist the marriage is void. The only wonder 1« that any divorce was legally neces sary from a man who counted for so little in the marriage. More evil is wrought, so says a cele brated physician, in the systems of boys from 12 to 20 years by lack of sleep than by any other one cause. Franklin's "early to bed" "lias not lost Its force. Concerning the "early to rise," Chevalier Bunsen used to say that by always getting up four hours before other people he made his year Into, sixteen mouths instead of twelve. Inasmuch as an hour's mental or physi cal work in the morning is generally worth two late In the day, even the mathematics of the chevalier were not seriously at fault. Eighty years ago a writer in the Lon don Examiner made sport of the pre vailing passion for newspaper person alities in a paragraph which, with change of hero, would he pertinent to day: "Tiie Duke of Wellington gener ally rises about eight. While lie is dressing lie sometimes whistles a tune. He uses warm water in shaving, and lays on a greater quantity than the or dinary man. While shaving he chietiy breathes through his nose, with a view, as it is conceived, of keeping the suds out of his mouth. The duke drinks tea with his breakfast, which he sweet ens witli white sugar and corrects with cream. He eats toast and butter, bee! or eggs. The eggs are generally those of the domestic fowl." What a mean Captain Kidd sort of pirate the "substitute" man Is! You ask for somebody's sarsaparilla or somebody else's powders, and he says: "Haven't got it, but I have something Just as good." Then he hands out an article made by a robber. No other word fits. The world Is full of Imi tators. A man with genius and ambi tion discovers something that is of real use to humanity. He manufactures it, be puts it on the market, be spends a fortune Introducing it. It la the only way; no matter how meritorious an ar ticle is, It has to be advertised. You would think that the man who had used money and time and skill would i>e allowed to enjoy the fruits of bis daring and energy. Not so! Along comes the robber, the Imitator, the leech. He puts up something in a box or a bottle, copies the successful man's wares as closely as be can and keep out of jail, cuts the price and asks the dealer, the man who la nearest to the consumer, to do the rest It is an In expensive way. There are no adver tising bills to meet—nothing to do but copy and grow fat on the efforts of a more honest individual. It Isn't fair, xi discourages ambition, and very often It gives to t.ie consumer something that injures Instead of benefiting. When yon know what you want, ask for It, and GET IT. That is the only prompt and efficient way to deal with the substitute pirate, who has not tue brains to do business on business lines. The conclusion of peace in South Af rica is a cause for world-wide congrat ulation. The precise terms matter less than the fact that an end has come at last to the war which for nearly three years has desolated the two former Boer republic and parts of Natal and Cape Colony. On both sides there has been heroism, and on botli sides, also, there has been a large measure of hu manity. It Is doubtful If so protracted and obstinate a struggle was ever fought out to a conclusion with less of wilful cruelty. It is characteristic of brave soldiers that they learn respect for each other from the experiences of battle; and after the bitterness of this long struggle has passed, there will abide on either side this sentiment of respect to temper and ameliorate fu ture relations. It is highly important that this should be so, for the British and Dutch must live together in South Africa, and must together work out the problems of civilization. It would be a calamity if the work were long In terrupted by the perpetuation of old animosities, whether of race or polities. In money and in men the price which Great Britain has had to pay for her new acquisitions In South'Africa is prodigious. A recent parliamentary paper put the total money cost, allow ing for the continuance of the war until next March, at more than eleven hun dred million dollars. The mind does not easily grasp such figures, but some idea of their meaning may be obtained when It is remembered that this sum exceeds the enormous Indemnity which Germany exacted from France, out of which she paid the whole cost of the war of 1870-71, and had several hun dred millions left for pensions, fort resses and railways. But the appalling loss of life, the thousands of desolated homes in the British Isles, and the still more distressing calamities that have fallen upon the brave and enduring Boers—these tilings make the heart sick at the thought of the cost of war, and constitute the strongest possible argument for peace. There Is a wonderful story in the life of Otis B. Freeman. He is.dead. He was the oldest practicing physician in America. He was a useful man. A great many years ago Otis Freeman mapped out Ills life work. That was probably years before you were born, for he arrived in 1809. Wealth didn't attract him. It isn't always the thing that useful men yearn for. The fel low who grubs for money, who loves it, who piles it up, who makes the dol lar his standard for measurement, is often selfish, rarely useful to his kind, and seldom content. Dr. Freeman con sidered these things and decided to do all the good he could. Nearly all doc tors are philanthropists in a way. Sometimes they use their skill for money, sometimes for experience, and often—more often than the world knows—for charity. It is a fact that should make humanity feel very kind ly toward the profession. A practic ing physician at 93. Think of the army of men and women and children that old doctor had treated. Think of tne pain he had banished, the dying moments he had eased, of the people who became well and strong because of his skill. He was a war veteran, too. At the battle of Sailor's Creek, \ a., he worked steadily at the ampu tation table for fourteen hours, and from 1862 to the close of the war he was actively engaged, not making wounds, but healing them. The more ue doctored the more he sympathized, tie was as tender as a woman and al ways kind. It was his ambition to work right up to the close of bis life— to wear out, and he had no more fear of death than he had of sleep. Five days before bis death he set a broken arm for a boy and insisted on seeiug all patients who called upon him. So there you have the life story of a suc cessful man, whose days spanned al most a century. He left no fortune. Many of those whom he benefited have forgotten him. He was a success. The uuman being who does good to satisfy the voice of conscience needs no monu ment. The man who deliberately leads a useful life, because of his noble qualities of heart and mind, leaves his impress on the world. Mysteries of Time. The two elderly Irish citizens, on for a Sunday stroll, says the New York Tribune, paused before a Jeweler's show winnow in which were displayed three clocks recording time in various parts of the world. " 'Tis odd," said one. "In some parts of the earth 'tis yesterday and in other parts 'tis to-morrow, while the United States is the only place in all the world where 'tis to-day." " 'Tis odd." " 'Tis so." " Now, when would be me birthday If I were in Paris?" "Your birthday is to-day?" " Tis." "And 'tis to-morrow In France, to day?" " Tis." "Thin yez could never have a birth day if y' were over there, because your birthday comes to-day." " 'Tis odd." " 'Tis so." "No doubt that's why the population is so rayduced in France; but It has ad vantages. A man is always as old as be Is If he Is bora over there, but If ne lives abroad be Is a year younger on his birthday, countin' he be borne." " 'Tis odd." " 'Tis so." Why do proposed marriages interest people so much? And why do people attract so little attention after they are married? ARCTIC LOVER& Southward the Ice ami Snow have come— Strange lovers hand in hand— Far wandering from their native home To seek a sunny laud. Deserted haunts of bird and bee, On branches gaunt and bare, They turn with arctic alchemy To gardens of the air. For weirdly now the Ice and Snow, Beneath a golden flood Of sunshine, make the branches glow With polar fruit and bud. And yet their witchery is vain, For swift as Orient night The sunshine brings these lovers twain A tragedy of light! —Harper's Bazar. How Orandmother Came Home W HEN the railroad came to Creston Grandmother Wheel er's heart almost broke. Not that the dear old lady was opposed to progress—though perhaps her defini tion of the term differed a trifle from that accepted by a younger and more matter-of-fact generation; but what ever her private opinion as to the com parative merits of the stage coach and the modern Pullman as a means of travel, it was not the mere advent of the railroad that stirred her wonder and resentment. These emotions were due to the fact that the big, powerful company wanted the ground on which her home had stood for over forty years, and that the gleaming rails which she could not help thinking had an uncanny and almost evil look, were actually to run through her flower gar den. As for the lilacs and the currant bushes, and the big maples which shad ed the house, she could not trust her self to think of their fate. So Grandmother Wheeler wept ana wrung her hands, and her heart was near breaking. Her sou, Wellington Wheeler, who lived in the big city, fifty miles from Creston, was not sorry for the ifinova tion. It had long been a real trial to him that his mother insisted on re maining in the little house where her husband had died, instead of enjoying the luxury of his elegant home. When at breakfast one morning he read her pathetic letter, telling him what seem ed likely to occur, and asking if noth ing could be done to prevent it, he smiled like a man well pleased. "The dear old lady will have to come to us now," he sai.l, "and be made com fortable in spite of herself." But his daughter Florence looked grave. She understood better than lier father did the pain in that fond cling ing heart. When it had been conclusively proved that the railway company was not to be induced to alter its mind, Grand mother Wheeler bravely submitted to the inevitable, as she had done scores of times before in iter long life. Ajid now that lier change of aboie was only a few weeks in the future, Flor ence's face took on an expression of great thoughtfulness. "Did you ever notice," she asked lier brother Carlton, one evening, "that my room is almost the shape of grandma's sitting room, only it's a little larger and higher posted, and has more win dows?" Carlton reflected. "I hadn't thought about it before, but 1 guess you're right." "If there were only a door leading to the small north chamber," Florence continued, "the two would have just the same position as her sitting room and the little downstairs bedroom." "I don't see quite what you're getting at, sis," sai l Carlton, humbly. He was a well trained brother. Though fre quently he was unable to grasp his sis ter's plans until they were explained to him in detail, he never failed to admire and approve. Nor was this instance any exception to the general rule, though he did say doubtfully once: "It seems a pity for you to give up a room you like so well." And Florence made- haste to reply: "You dou't suppose that I'll mind that, do you, if only we can make her hap py?" When Mr. Wheeler was asked to have a door cut from Florence's room into the north chamber, he opened his eyes rather widely; and when she ex plained further, he said that she had too many notions in her head for a sen sible girl. And then Florence eagerly proceeded to convince him that she was right, and Mr. Wheeler listened, sipping bis coffee and feeling on the whole rather proud of a daughter who, In stead of crying or sulking over not get ting her own way, sweetly set to work to reason him Into her own way of thinking. The result of her conference was that Florence was not only given permission to have the door cqt through, but to make any alteration she thought advisable. The most Important of these was the modification of the gas grate. Grand mother Wheeler had told Florence in confidence Chat It made her feel creepy to see a fire blazing away and never burning anything but Itself. So In place of the convenient and modern grate was substituted a fair imitation of the one beside which grandmother's rocker had swayed and creaked for forty years. The chandelier came down, too, because grandmother could not under stand how people preferred to turn a button and have the room suddenly Illuminated, for all the world like the work of witches, rather than to scratch a match and .light a lamp In the good old-fashioned way. Moreover, she knew that the much-praised electric lights were own cousins to the lightning, and she felt sura that sooner or later they would conduct tneinselves In a manner suggesting the undesirable relationship. It must be admitted that Carlton looked shocked when Florence an nounced lier plans for papering the rooms. They were frescoed at present iu the most delicate and tasteful tints, and Carlton said his sister reminded him of those plebeian people of whom European travelers tell, who occupy tlic palaces of a by-gone nobility and cover rare old carvings with the cheap est and gaudiest of modern wall paper. But Florence silenced him, if she did not convince him, by quoting; "If she be not fair to me, What care I how fair she be?" - The clerks at the downtown shops where she applied for aid iu this latest project, looked more aghast than had Carlton, and Florence was almost ready to yield the point in despair, when the brilliant idea struck her of makiug investigations in some of the little towns outside the city. After an exhaustive search she returned in tri umph, bringing many rolls of paper of an exquisite design, representing a blue lady wandering beside the bluest ot lakes, while a blue willow drooped mournfully in the background. And this was as like the paper Florence re membered admiring in her childhood on the walls of grandmother's "best room," as If the same artist had been responsible for them both. "We are not going to consider the idea of your staying with your friend, Mrs. Carr, for more than two weeks," she wrote the old lady soon after this. "It will be better to have your goods sent on at once, so that they may be safely stored before you come." A few days later grandmother's household effects arrived, and, at the end of the stipulated fortnight, grandmother her self. Iu the hurry and bustle of the big city the shrinking old lady felt as some shy bird might, on suddenly finding it self in a wilderness of human habita tions instead of its familiar forests. She held fast to her granddaughter's hauu as they drove swiftly along the wide streets between rows of tall buildings which looked to her as if they might topple over at any moment. She shiv ered as she went up the steps of her son's house. How big and grand and forbidding it appeared! And within, the appointments that seemed to her simplicity the height of splendor pro duced on her the same effect as con tinued gazing into a kaleidoscope. Flor ence saw the troubled look on the wrin kled face. "Come upstairs to your own room, dear," she said, with sweet persuasive ness. Grandmother followed obediently. The image of the room she had occu pied on the occasion of her last visit was present in her thoughts. She re membered how thick the carpet had been and how luxurious the draperies at the windows. Wellington Wheeler was not the man to give his old mother anything but the best the house afford ed when she made one of her rare vis its. It was a cause of constant won der to him that she was invariably homesick through every moment of lier stay. Up tiie stairs, along the halls, through the door which Florence held open. Grandmother walked slowly. Once in side tiie sunny south room, she caught her breath. Her foot pressed a rag carpet of familiar pattern, and here and there were the rugs which lier own lingers had braided. The wall with its beautiful blue paper was hung with tiie pictures of the faces dearest to lier. Ou the center table stood_her reliable «m lamp, with its gaily decorated shade Was her fancy playing her a trick, or did that door actually open into het own little bedroom, furnished with tiie very articles on which her waking gaze oarl rested every moral,,g for such long years? The grate, where tiie wood tire crackled, was lier own grate, and het own rocker was beside it, and on tin* cushion a big Maltese cat purred con tentedly. Gran another had always been tiie owner of a Maltese cat until six months previous when her pet "Star" had died. She had regarded his taking off as providential, for site knew that tiie coming of the railroad would prove a deatli blow to a cat as devoted to home as was "Star." Nevertheless, the sight of those yellow eyes, blinking contentedly from the cushions of the splint-bottomed rocker, was too much for her, and she dropped into the near est chair and sobbed aloud. "Wliat is the matter. Grandma? Don't you like it?" cried Florence, somewhat chagrined, and not a little alarmed at the result of her plot. "Like it! How could 1 help liking it? Why, it's Just coming home." Grandmother looked about her and an expression of wonderful serenity and happiness shone through her tears. In the big, unknown wilderness the timid heart had found her own dear nest, and there she was content.—Zion's Herald. Sheep with Natural Ear-Trumpets. A correspondent of Nature has found that the spiral horn of a wild sheep, when so placed that the ear Is In'the axis of the coil, makes the ticking of a watch more audible in one particular direction. Since the ear of the sheep is surrounded by the horn, he Infers that the latter acts as an ear-trumpet, not Improving the hearing for distant sounds, but disclosing the direction of a sound. This would be useful In en abling the sheep to ascertain the exact points from which sounds come when there Is a mist or fog covering Its feed ing-grounds. When prosperity give« way to adver sity the average man takes a back seat and turns the management over to his wife. When it comes to earning a living some men are dead ones. j.» » I I t tH -t H - H i - h-h -. M-I H I h I: il STARS OF OUR FLAG m m ?! a fv NEW ARRANGEMENT OF THE STARS OF THE AMERICAN FLAG. Ç. rt HE lack of symmetry and historical significance in the arrangement of the X stars on the blue field of the American flag has for years been a subject of comment among observing patriots. Many men have given much time to à plan of placing the stars in some design which would appeal to the people of the country, but all have failed in evolving anything satisfactory until the design which J. R. Stahlnecker of Silverton, Colo., has worked out was submitted to Congress. Mr. Stahlnecker's plan is pictured above. He worked on the idea fourteen years before he was satisfied with it. The work has required more thought and study than would appear necessary at first to most people. But it was no easy matter to take a given number of stars and get out a design which would commemorate the great events n the history of the country and yet attaiu an artistic and symmetrical effect. In Mr. Stahlnecker's plan, the center group of thirteen stars represents the thirteen original States at the time of the adoption of the Constitution. Around this group, in a circle, are twenty-three stars which represent the States which were admitted between that time and the close of the Civil War, the group of thirteen nnd circle of twenty-three together representing the great seal of the United States. Those three great features are to be unchanged by any follow ing events. The first event brought the Hag into existence, the second made the life of the nation more secure, aud the great seal is indissolubly connected with both. The stars outside the circle of twenty-three represent the States which were admitted between the close of the Civil War nnd the Spnnish-American war. This places two in each of the four corners and one midway on each side, the design ns a whole representing the union of States as they are at the present day. As New Mexico, Arizona, Indian Territory and Oklahoma come in, their stars may he placed in the extreme corners. Then, if Hawaii and Alaska are in time, also admitted, their stars may be placed midway on each side of the field, making an outside ring which, with those recently admitted and with the four territories which ask admittance, will inclose all the rest, making the whole de sign beautiful, historical, symbolical and symmetrical. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S CHURCH AND ITS PASTOR, REV. DR. SCHICK. crj^HE new Grace Reformed II Church, now in process of con struction, will be finished about Dec. 1, at which time it is expected that President Roosevelt will have returned to Washington for the resumption of bis strenuous duties as the head of the American n a 11 on. This is the church in which the Presi dent worships, and it was be who laid the corner stone of the uew building on July 1. The new edifice will be of Gothic design, the material of Cleve land Lower Canon gray stone, and the auditorium will have a seating capacity of alunit 600. The newspapers always refer to this little church ns the Dutch Reformed, but, according to the pas tor. Rev. John M. Scliick, this title is erroneous. He says this his church is properly described by the term "Grace Refomred," and that if It have nny national origin at all it Is German rath er thnn Dutch. It Is n differentiation from the Lutheran churches In that Its underlying spirit is republicanism, whereas that of the Lutheran churches is monarchic. Dr. Schick is a pleasant bkv. j. m. schick. MACHINE MADE TORCHON LACE. Auatrlan Invention Imitates Hand Made Product. Some fair imitations of hand-made lace are already manufactured by ma chinery. A recent invention by an Austrian named Matitsch renders it possible to reproduce one more variety, known as torchon lace. The real ar ticle is a moderately coarse but pretty lace nnd is used on garments which it is desirable to put through a laundry. Herr Matitsch, after being associated with the lace industry in Vienna and inventing a machine which did not give satisfactory results, went to Notting ham, England, where he perfected the model in 1899. It was then necessary to make the jacquards for each pattern that it was desirable to produce. This part of the work was performed upon the inventor's return to Vienna. Hith erto It has been necessary to have a separate machine for each design. With the Matitsch machine it is only necessary to substitute one Jacquard for another, as In weaving cloth. The Inventor does not Intend to or ganize a company to make lace, says the New York Tribune, or even the pro duction of more machines. He has al ready put nearly $100,000 Into his ex periments and is now looking for a company to buy his rights. The Not tingham lace manufacturers profess not to be disturbed by the prospect of competition and say that the Matitsch machine will injure French manufac turers chiefly. In Vienna the papers :hink that a new era in lace making la ahead. Strategic Slang. The enemies of slang—and we are all Its enemies on occasion—will have to confess that It sometimes has value, If only to conceal thought Harper's Weekly Is authority for a story In which a single slang word was the means of accomplishing important re sults. When Lieutenant Gilmore's party was captured and sent Into northern Luzon by the Filipinos, the prisoners were all condemned to death. Some were murdered, and the rest of the party was abandoned in the jungle, be The New Arrangement Is ;} Commemorative of Many ; ' Great Historical Events.... 5# wmm _ - • ' OK ACE MKMOHIAI. CI1UBCH. gentleman, rather under than over tha medium height, and possesses the se renity which learning aud experience give to the professional man. He le now an Intimnte of the Roosevelt fam ily and is often a guest at the Sunday night suppers In the White House, to which the President loves to invite those who are especially congenial with him In their views of life and work. ing, in the opinion of the Filipino lead er, too far gone to be worth killing. They were eventually rescued; but before they were finally condemned their captors compelled them to sign a document declaring that they were be ing well treated, and had no reason to complain of their lot. Tiie men signed first and then the paper, written in Spanish, was taken to Lieutenant Gilmore for his signa ture. He read it, and understood Its purport. Similar papers, signed by American soldiers and evidently forced from them by the wily Filipinos, had been circulated before. Lieutenant Gilmore took the document with the remark that he would "O. K." the men's signatures. Then he wrote the word "nit" after each man's name. The Filipinos thought this was the American way of giving official appro val, and were satisfied. When.ji long time after the men were rescued, tha paper got back to civilization and the Filipinos tried to make an Impression with It, they found that something was wrong. Honest Tenant. The father of Earl Fltzwilllam, who died recently, was an excellent land lord. A London paper relates how once a farmer went to him with the complaint that the Earl's fox bunten had ruined a field of corn, or, as we should call It, wheat The Earl gave the man fifty pounds In payment for damage. After harveet time the farmer returned the money, saying that the wheat had turned out well, after all. Earl Fltzwilllam drew a check for one hundred pounds and gave It to his tenant. "This Is as things should be between man and man," said he. "When your eldest son comes of age, give him this, and tell him how and why you got It" He 8erved Two Masters. Husband—Hurrah! My employer has given me a week's vacation. Wife—How nice! Now you can take down the stores, clean out the cellar and whitewash the kitchen.—Chicago News. Most good doctors are homely.