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"*■ Jk. Circttlnr Form of Silo. The consensus of opinion of those who have studied the silo problem in dicates that the circular form Is pref erable. There are, however, many square and rectangular silos In success ful operation. Especially is this the case with those having rounded corners. Vhere great strength and large capac ity are demanded the frame circular silo will best meet the requirements. This form of silo can be made quite durable by plastering the inside with cement. The circular stave silo, owing to Its simplicity and economical con struction, seems to fully meet the re quirements of the farmer. With the form of silo properly erected the waste of silage is reduced to the minimum. Hoops for the silo can be made of any suitable material, such as half Inch, seven-sixteenths inch or five eighths inch round Iron, one-eighth Inch flat iron two Inches wide or wire. The woven wire fence hoop Is often used since It Is regarded as being very economical. Doors may be simply sawed out, or made continuous from the bottom to the top of the silo. The z.r N TO = L ffiSS WWSÊÊÊÊÊ I,"'4.'? CIRCULAR SILO. sawed out doors may be ranged one above the other, with a stationary ladder placed alongside running to the top of the silo, as shown in the cut. When the silo is built on the outside of the barn, a roof is needed. This may be simply a shed roof constructed with plank, or a neat, Inexpensive shin gle roof, as shown in the cut. A Suitable bust Bath. All chickens seem to thoroughly en joy a dust bath, and its use undoubted ly is a benefit to their plumage, besides ridding them of lice. If the plumage Is to be kept clean aud bright, especial ly ou birds intended for exhibition pur poses or of white varieties, it is essen tial that the dusting place be kept ab solutely dry, as otherwise it will soil the plumage and the tine bird on which you may pride yourself will look very dingy. The roofed box in the sketch will give an Idea of how birds may be pro vided with a dry dust bath In nearly all kinds of weather. Cloths may be tacked across the top ends, with hooks at bottom for stormy weather, If the box Is In a field. Some poultry raisers allow their fowls the liberty of the sheds where the farm machinery is boused and here they get a fine dusting In all sorts of weather, but If the birds roost on them It does not improve their - AN ALL-WEATHER DUST BOX. looks nor the working of the furm.im plements. Better keep them out, and assign them quarters more fitting. The cost of cleaning machinery of hen manure on some farms would build palatial abodes for the hens and make them a profitable part of the farm.— John G. Knott, in Farm and Home. Schemes of the Tree Agent, It Is really surprising how frequent ly farmers are taken in by tree sharps. One would suppose that the informa tion concerning tree growth and soils possessed by all farmers would be suf ficient to make them suspicious of big stories, but It Is evident, from the way in which the rogues thrive, that they find easy victims In the farming com munities. One of the latest schemes Is for the tree agent to offer to plant an acre with trees for $100 and to care for the trees for five years. In addi tion he agrees that the firm he repre sents will buy all the fruit from the trees at an advance of from 10 to 25 per cent over the ruling market price. It would hardly seem as If any man of In telligence would be taken in by such a proposition, yet hundreds of dollars are being put In tbe pockets of these rogues by unsuspecting fanners. There are mjiny nurserymen In the country who 'sell their products entirely through agents, and such men are re liable, but tbey do not tell improbable «tories or exhibit wax fruit and claim g to be genuine; neither do tbey make offers such as the one above stated. As a rule, it is entirely safe to refuse to sign any paper offered by a stranger for even a simple receipt may tdrn up a note, which must be paid. A One-Man Saw. A cross-cut saw will get through a great deal more wood with a given amount of muscle than any other hand device. With this rocking walking beam attachment and its weighted and swinging pendulums, one man can eas ily manage the saw. The post, as shown in the cut. should he about eight feet high to admit of having a pendent sufficiently long to give the required length of stroke. The weight on the outer pendent should lie just sufficient to prevent the saw from riding. The spring from main post to the saw ONE-MAN CROSSCUT SAW. should be strong enough to help the sawyer on the return stroke. A stout cord running over a pulley with a weight attached may take the place of the spring. A stiff wire with a hook In the lower end answers very well la place of the wooden pendent shown In the cut. When It Is adjusted just right the walking beam will see-saw easily, as it follows the motion of the saw'.— John Jackson, In Agricultural Eplto mist. Aids to Whitewashing. The use of the fruit-spraying pumps makes easy the task of whitewashing stables, henhouses and cellars, and it Is much more effectual-thau the use of the brush, because by making the stream a little larger and more forci ble, which most spraying nozzles ad mit of, a stream can be sent into cracks aud crevices where the brush would not reach. It may not prove as pene trating or as powerful a disinfectant as the gas from burning sulphur and charcoal, but it takes next rank, and can be used where it might not lie well to use the sulphuric acid gas, as in collars under living rooms. If it is to be used as a disinfectant, or as an in sect destroyer, the addition of a little carbolic acid or a little dissolved cop peras to the whitewash may be an ad-1 vantage, and we prefer the latter, at least In cow stables, because it emits no offensive odor. Let the lime be thoroughly slaked, and strained through a cloth, so that It may be thin enough to work well In the nozzle. And sides, ceilings, corners and floors can be well sprayed in one-fourtli the time needed for the use of the brush. Applied dur ing the hot weather, it does not take long to dry, and two coats can easily bo given If one does not look thick enough when dried.—New England Home stead. Hnndy Hay Derrick. W. A. Clearweather, of Indiana, | sends Iowa Homestead a sketch of a \ derrick which he has found very handy for building stacks out in the field. The runners are made out of 2x12 stuff fourteen feet long, the center cross, piece 3x8, and the outside cross pieces 2x8, all let In as shown in tbe illustration. The four braces are made of 4x-I stuff. The post may be either round or be ten feet high. The pole "a" should square and should be about thirty feet long, so ns to make a good-sized stack. It should be made of pretty good tim ber. Wbiteoak is good and seasoned red elm is also very good for this purpose. Have the blacksmith make a fork like that seen at "b" to fasten on the top of the post upon which the pole re volves. An old buggy spindle is a very good tiling for putting on this piece. The illustration shows the lo cation of pulleys and the method of adjusting the pole for stacking. In stacking set the derrick to the wind ward of the stack. Feeding Grain to Steers. Feeding grain to steers on grass is justified when pastures are short and where these cannot be supplemented with some kind of fodder. Where steers are partly warmed up with grain before being turned to grass it may prove an excellent practice to con tinue feeding them about one peek per day. By following this practice the animals may be kept going from the first day. Such animals may be mar keted earlier than those that are grass fed alone and Invariably will command a little higher price. It is generally ad visable to grind corn for grass fed steers. Animals on grass alone fre quently lose weight during the first weeks after being turned out, so that the time required to make this up is entirely lost. When grain Is feed It is a good plan to feed a little roughage, such as timothy or clover hay, during the first week after turning to grass In order to prevent scouring.—Iowa Homestead. Poultry as Insect Destroyers. No one who has not made observa tion In that direction can form any es timate of the large number of Insects destroyed by farm poultry In a season. The guinea Is constantly at work and carefully searches every square foot of land. In an orchard a flock of active hens, such as Leghorns, will do excel lent service, and they will need but little assistance. If any, as they will secure more food than may be sup posed. Attendant—Another large party has : jnst arrived outside, sir. St. Peter— \ Volcanoes or automobiles?—Life. Mrs. Hoon—The deacon is such a good man. Mr. Hoon—Yes; but some times i fancy his halo is a trifle too small for his head.—Puck. Blonde Bridesmaid — The ushers haven't seated your Aunt Maria with the family. Other Bridesmaid (sister to the bride)—No, she only sent a piekle-fork I—Life. With a String: Little Johnny—My paw's a Republican. What's your paw? Little Geogie—He says he's independ ent. but maw outlines his foreign policy.—Chicago Record-Herald. Premature Inquiry: Miss Gushington —What do you consider the ten best books. Mr Sect? Con Seet (the young author)—Really, I've only written six books so far, you know.—Philadelphia Press. Possible: Uncle Stephen — Sarle, here's a piece 'bout how r they're telle graflin 'thout wires. By jinks! I woodent be 'sprised to hear next thet they're sendin' letters 'thout postage stamps.—Judge. An Awkward Deadlock: "Why are they not speaking?'' "They quarreled about which loved the other more." "Well?" "And now each is afraid to give In for fear of offending the other." —Brooklyn Life. He had asked the Boston maiden for a kiss. "Oh, sir," she cried, blushing, "I have never been kissed in all my life." "Well, I suppose somebody has got to break the ice," replied the practical young man. Preparing for the Start: "Mercy! where did you get all the books?" "Why, I'm trying to read up a few of them so as to know what to take away to read when I leave for my summer vacation."—Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Thoughtful Girl: Madge—Dolly is going somewhere with that young man this evening. Marjorie—Yes. go ing to sit with him in the hammock. Right after dinner she went upstairs and put on a dark shirt-waist."—Port-, land Oregonian. Curate—Why don't you come to church, John? Come next Sunday, will you? John—'Ow long do it last, sur? Curate—Oh, not very long. About an hour or so. John—Lor', bless yer, zur, it bain't worth while changing yer shirt for't!—Sketch. Miss Fairfax—Good-mnwin', Aunt Caroline. Why ain't you wasbln' now adays? Aunt Caroline (removing her pipe from her mouth)—Well, you see. Miss Clara, I's bin out o' wuhk so long dat now, when 1 could wuhk. I finds I's done los' mah taste fo' It.—Judge. Willy's Reply: Willy—1 met our new minister on the way to Sunday-school, mamma, and he asked me if I ever played marbles on Sunday. Mother— H'm. And what did yon say to that? Willy—I said: 'Get thee behind me. Satan,' and walked right off aud left him—Tld-Bits. "Why do you carry that umbrella, little boy? It's not raining. "No, sir." "And the sun's not shining." "No, sir." "Then why do you carry it?" "Well, when It's raining pa wants it, and when the sun's shilling ma wants It, and It's only this kinder weather I can get to use It at all." Mrs. Hleksy (who is entertaining her little son's playmate, aged five, to diu ner)—Willie, can you cut your own meat? Willie (who is struggling with a piece on his plate)—Yes. thank you (with a desperate saw at the beef), I've cut twice as tough meat as this at home—Glasgow Evening Times. It Is told of a learned professor, who was better at Greek than golf, that after a round on the links in which he had foozled most of his shots, he turn to his caddie for advice as to improving his play. The reply of the ruthless caddie was: "Ye see. sir, it's easy to teach laddies Latin and Greek, but it needs a head for gowff." Really Rattled: "Did you feel at all nervous when you got up to read your essay on 'The Essentials of the Es sentially Essential' before that crowd?" "Yes," the sweet girl grad uate replied: "I was awfully upset. I had noticed just as I walked out upon the stage, that my left shoe-string was untied."—Chicago Record-Herald. Fate: Once there were two beautiful white eggs laid side by side In a nice new nest. A great big man gathered them up with his rough hands and sold them to a grocer. And one little egg was a good little egg. and went into an angel cake, but the other little egg was a very, very bad little egg, and got mashed on an actress.—Town Topics. Terrible to Think Of: "What makes you look so sad aud solemn?" "A man told me this morning that I looked just like J. Plerpont Morgan." "But why do you allow that to trouble you?" "I was just thinking what a horrible vic tim of wrong I was If maybe him and me was changed in our cradles when we was babies."—Chicago Record-Her ald. Bridget and Pat were sitting In an arm-chair reading au article on "The Law of Compensation." "Just fancy," exclaimed Bridget, "accordin' to this, whin a mon loses wan av 'is sinses an other gets more developed. For In stance, a bloind man gets more sinse av berin' an' touch, an'—" "Shure, an' It's quite thrue," exclaimed Pat. "Oi've noticed It meself. Whin a mon has wan leg shorter than the other, Be gorra the other's longer." RECENT JUDICIAL DECISIONS. : A divorce obtained by a man for the fault of his wife is held, in Doyle vs. Rolwing (Mo.), 55 L. U. A. 3:5.», to de feat his right of curtesy in her prop erty. An ordinance prohibiting the making of a public address in any of the pub lic places of tlie city within half a mile of the City Hall, without a license from the Mayor, is held, in Love vs. Phulen (Mich.), 53 L. It. A. 018, to be reason able. Sufficient occupancy of a house is held, in Gill vs. Gill (Adk), 55 L. R. A. 191, to exist to make it subject to homestead exemption, if the owner lias repaired and cleaned it and is engaged in moving bis household goods into it at the time of his death. One riding a bicycle on a sidewalk with due care, under authority of the municipality, is held, in Lee vs. Port Huron (Mich.), 55 L. R. A. 308, to be entitled to recover from the municipal ity for injuries caused by the sidewalk not being in reasonable repair for the ordinary uses for which sidewalks are constructed. The number of votes necessary to pass an ordinance over a veto, under a statute providing that it shall be two thirds of all the members elected to the Council, Is held, in Pollasky vs. Schmid (Mich.), 55 L. It. A. 014, to be required to be based on the total num-1 ber elected, although at the time of the vote one member has died aud one resigned. One who purchases a railroad ticket for the sole purpose of checking his baggage upon it, with the intention of going to his destination In his private conveyance, is held, in Marshall vs. Pontiac, O. & N. Railway Company (Mich.), to have no right to recover in case it Is stolen from the baggage room, unless the carrier is guilty of gross negligence. A boy 12 years old who is injured by collision with a slowly moving team in a public street is held, in Gleason vs. Smith (Mass.), 55 L. R. A. 922, to have no right to recover where, with out care or precaution to avoid collis ion with vehicles, he is using the street as a playground aud comes in contact with the team in attempting to catch another boy, although the driver is neg ligent in having his attention diverted from his horses to a vehicle behind him. The expulsion from a train of a pas senger holding a round trip ticket which is not signed and stamped by an agent of the company as required by a condition on the ticket to make it good for return passage is held, in Southern Railway Company vs. Wood (Oa.), to render the company liable in damages, •where the passenger had used due dili gence to find au agent authorized to sign and stahip his ticket, but was un able to do so because of the failure of the company to have such agent pres ent at the station. Art in Pasted-On Patches. "When I made up my laundry bundle early in the week," said the middle aged bachelor, "I found one of the shirts that were to go in so torn that 1 had some doubts about sending it, but I let it go. To-day when my laundry came back and I looked it over. I didn't see that torn shirt at first. There was tie right number of shirts there, but no torn one. But, looking again, I dis covered that the torn one was there, but now finely mended. The body of the shirt, which had been torn in one place away from the bosom for a space of three or four inches, had been drawn back into place and was now held there securely by a patch pasted on the under side and Ironed on. "I feel bound to say that the job awakened my admiration. As a quick and easy way of mending it was great. All you had to do was to take a square of cotton cloth of suitable size, spread starch on it, bring the disunited parts together on it, and slam down on it once or twice with a hot iron, and the shirt was mended. I had heard of mend ing tablecloths in that way by pasting on a patch and ironing it down, but 1 never before heard of mending shirts In that way. Yes, it's certainly all right for shirts at some seasons. "The pasted patch in this case would really be better ns a winter than as a summer patch. It might be melted off in summer." | , Knitting as a Medicine. Knitting is declared by specialists in the treatment of rheumatism to be a most helpful exercise for hands liable to become stiff from the complaint, and It Is being prescribed by physicians be cause of its efficacy in limbering up the hands of such sufferers. For persons liable to cramp, paralysis or any other affection of the fingers of that charac ter, knitting is regarded as a most bene ficial exercise. Besides the simple work is said to be an excellent diversion for the nerves, and is recommended to women suffering from Insomnia and de pression. In certain sanatariums pa tients are encouraged to make use of the bright steels, and the work is so pleasant that It is much enjoyed by them. Deface Washington Monument. Since the Washington Monument was opened, 14 years ago, 2,092,000 persons have ascended to the top of the shaft. Colonel Bingham says that in spite of efforts to protect the monument from vandals, two of the large memorial stones In the Interior were defaced a few days ago by the removal of the let ters of Inscription. The work was done by two men, who escaped before It was discovered. Many a young man travels first class owing to the fact that his father pays the freight ALEXANDRA'S KIND HEART, tr> WRITER in the St. James Bud get has some pleasing anecdotes to tell illustrative of Queen Alex andra's kindness toward animals, a feeling which she, happily, has the good sense ns well as the authority to express in various practical and help ful ways. It was through her thought fulness that notices have been posted in many London omnibuses requesting passengers not to require the complete stoppage of the vehicle more often than is absolutely necessary, and thus to relieve the horses as much as possi ble of the tremendous strain of restart ing. Her majesty has now turned her thoughts to the cab horses of London, and has had sent from her native coun try to London some specimens of a light stand which is commonly used in Copenhagen for supporting the horse bags of horses so tuat they may take their casual feed in greater comfort than is possible when the hag is sus pended from their heads. These little trestle tables are extremely light and easily folded and stowed away under the seat of the cab when not in use.— Leslie's Weekly. Value of Cheerfulness, If a man should be cheerful at home, It go'es without saying that a woman should be. Whatever ber cares or anx ieties, the wife and mother must make it part of her religion to live above them. What is most prized in house hold economy is not a temperament which is gay by fits and starts, up to day and down to-morrow, full of hilar ity on occasions, and heavy as lead at other times, but an even serenity of soul which makes people at ease aud happy under the roof. A home in which one treads always on thin ice cannot be tolerated. A cheerful disposition will influence its possessor to make the best of existing circumstances, forget the discomforts of yesterday, and an ticipate delightful things to-morrow. To live largely in the present, doing one's best aud trusting God, is to main tain an almost unbroken cheeriness of demeanor and of experience. A distinction may always be made between high spirits, the sanguine opti mism which makes people gay to effer vescence, and the equanimity which is a good outfit for the common road. In choosing a life partner, either a man or a woman does wisely who seeks one whose habitual cheerfulness will fit him or her for good comradeship. Much of the lack of cheer which un dermines home comfort may be laid to the score of Insufficient health. A dys peptic sees the world as through a haze of indigo. Inability to assimilate food makes poor blood, poor blood means low vitality, and low vitality brings, in its wake, an absence of joy and a pres ence of pain, which result in fretful ness and morbidness. A resort to the dentist or the doctor, a change of diet, an increased amount of exercise, more sleep, less worry, will often restore, to a jaded mind and a wearied body, the lost sense of happy cheer, and make a wjiole family glad where they have been sorrowful.—Margaret E. Sangster In Success. Stylish French Turban. / Nothing more becom ing can be found for summer wear for women blessed with as abundance of hair than the pretty French turban. It is not elaborate at all. White chiffon, black and white straw as binding, black vel vet bows and jet pins are used in this stylish model. Ironing Shirtwaists. If the shirtwaists are wanted very stiff, they should be thoroughly dried before starching; if only moderately so, about half dried. The closer the weave of the goods the thinner the starch should be. The cuffs should be ironed first aud require an iron as hot as can be used without scorching. Box Irons are nicer for starched things than the ordinary fiat-irons, as, not having to touch the stove on their surface, they are cleaner, keep their heat longer and are not so liable to scorch. The latter, however, will do very well if they are kept scrupulously clean. Take a clean piece of rag and wet It, wiping over both sides of the cuff with It to prevent the Iron sticking. Iron first very lightly on the wrong side, then lightly on the right; heavily on the wrong side, then heavily on the right. These seemingly trivial details are Im portant, because the Iron will stick If applied heavily at once, and if the cuff Is finished on the wrong side in stead of the right It leaves a ridge where the edge of the cuff la turned In. Keep on Ironing till the cuffs and col lar are both perfectly dry. Never change an iron while doing a cuff. An iron must always be scrupulously clean for starched pieces. Some peo ple use bath brick and olive oil to clean them, but a rag dipped in kero sene does just as well, and this will also help to prevent the iron from sticking. If there are frills to be gof fered they should be done when half dry; all trimmings should be ironed first on the wrong side.—The Delinea tor. Freedom for Girls. 4Ye are often told that over-indulg ence is one of the mistakes of the age in the treatment of children by their parents. Girls enjoy a new sense of freedom, which has been coming grad ually for many years, perceptibly for the last'half-dozen years. Our books, our journals, seem to be imbued with the spirit of freedom, and as women force their way upward and onward the prevailing tendency is to ward beating down old customs and old habits. Under these circumstances it Is ex tremely difficult for the parents la some cases to strike a happy medium. Woe to the mother who only remem bers her own childhood, and, forgetting the progress which is taking place ia thought since those years along ago, desires to surround lier girl with the close ehaperonage which was deemed necessary in her own days. This moth er Is laying up for herself a store of friction which will be extremely try ing, because she has omitted to take into account the fact that in those other times there are other ways. Far be it from us to approve of the notion that ehaperonage is superfluous. We believe that it is specially neces sary to the young girl who is entering society; but the ehaperonage requires to be exercised in a very tactful man ner. One Woman's Idea. A practical idea lias been worked out by a woman who likes to have the whole window screened in summer, so that the saslt may be raised or lowered at will. It is a net screen that may be used with either inside or outside win dow shutters, that permits the window to be raised or lowered and that is cheap, clean and pretty. Plain white netting, 50 cents the piece of eight yards. It is double width, and one width is full enough for an ordinary window. For extra wide windows a width and a half will be required. It is to be hemmed at both ends and gath ered on brass rods adjusted at the top and bottom of each window. These rods should be good, strong, real brass; the yellow tin curtain rods sold for a few cents are not worth putting up. The nets should be "fulled" across and perfectly taut lengthwise. If properly hung, they will be quite fly-tight. The lower rod can lie slipped off its hook for a few seconds whenever it is neces sary to open or close outside shutters. Ess Shampoo. Yolk of one egg. Rainwater, one pint. ' •. Rosemary spirits, one ounce. What you really need is friction tor the scalp. Massage would be the best system. The hair falls out for lack of strength and tone in the liair bulbs, and friction is the great cure for this condition. Shampoo once a week. No, it does not follow that you will be bald be cause your father was. Health and (lenity. Feelings of heaviness and despond ency vanish with the eating of frfilt. Excess of ment will disorganize the system and uric acid will be stored up. But sharp fruit pulps come in contact with the flesh and the acids counter act each other, so that the body re ceives only benefit. Dryness of skin may sometimes be remedied by a daily application of Jab orandi. The tincture in twenty times its bulk of water is a reliable lotion. The remedy is of service when the dry ness is due to deficient secretion. When the skin perishes because of inability to assimilate its lymph food the lotion does no good whatever. If the stomach Is deficient in gastric juice so that the unused food lies them as a weight aud presently sends toward the throat volumes of acrid gas, Indi cating a disagreeable phase of Indiges tion. and, later, giving its victim sick headache, then currant juice should be taken. This will work upon the acids of the food, stimulate the stomach coats and compel the slow gastric juice to do its work. # The evil gas will de part and the headache will go by this natural medicine. The strained juice of either red or black currants stewed with but little sugar will answer the purpose well. Knitting Is nowadays recommended to sufferers from rheumatism as a help ful exercise to prevent the hands be coming stiff from the complaint. For persons liable to cramp, paralysis and similar affections of the fingers knit ting Is considered a useful exercise. It Is, moreover, valuable not merely as an exercise but for its effect on the nerves, and accordingly It Is recom mended to women who suffer from In somnia and depression. In certain sanitariums the patients are encour aged to knit and the sight of the flash ing needles and of the work growing under their fingers makes the exerdM both cheering and interesting.