Newspaper Page Text
A Shields, of Arkansas, gives some points on the subject She says: I say by all means get a separator, then buy ( milk cans large enough to hold one milking of cream, let It cool, put the lid oil the can and hang It In the well. , T It does not matter whether It is In the water or not, it will keep cool, and j f will be ready to churn In twenty-four V -«*• jt Making Butter In Hot Weather. In a recent Home and Farm, Maud hours. Use a thermometer and churn at about 04 or 07 degrees. Take up the butter, wash thoroughly by pressing with the paddle. Don't drag the pad dle through It, as It spoils the grain. Salt It, using pure salt, and mold It as quick as possible. Wrap each pound In a nice clean cloth wrung out of cold water. Get you an empty butter keg from your grocery man, bore holes near the top Just below the lid, take a piece of new rope and make a handle, put nice, clean, new white paper in the bot tom, then put In the butter. Put an other piece on top Just below the lid and hang it In the well. Paper Is bet ter than cloth, as the cloth mildews. When you are ready to go to town, use another keg Just like the one In the well; put a clean towel In the bot tom; put in the butter; then another clean towel on top. Fasten on the lid, wet some clean sack» In a tub, fold them without wringing on the bottom of your wagon, set the butter keg on them, and wrap wet sacks around the keg and on top. As you deliver the butter take the cloths off, take them home, and wash and scald thoroughly. Keep two sets of cloths; w T bile one set la sunning and drying another can be used. We have a separator; we sell a part of the milk sweet, the rest we make buttermilk. We set it and let It clabber; then take an old-fashioned churn-dash, and churn It up and down until it Is free from lumps and is smooth. Don't put any water In it! leave It thick; It sells much better. When you are ready to go to town, mix what buttermilk you have from the cream with it. Saw-Filing Device. Selecting a crosscut saw that will work rapidly and with ease requires considerable experience. A saw having 4 cutting teeth, as shown In cut at a, to 1 straight drag tooth, b, with back of saw 4 gauges thinner than edge, will do as much work as any other. It requires less work to keep such a saw In order. Medium thickness Is best. A thick saw Is clumsy and cuts a large groove, while a very thin one requires frequent resetting. Our cut shows a filing frame for a crosscut saw. The base, e, is 2 feet long, 1 foot wide and 6 inches high. It should be fastened to the floor. The pieces, d, d, are 2x3 Inches and are mortised In the base. The piece, c, is 1 x 6 inches, cut SAW-FILING DEVICE. shape of saw and beveled to the saw. There are three %-inch bolts at c, c, c, on which saw rests and is tightened when put in the frame. The entire height is 45 inches.—W. A. Sharp, In Farm and Home. Feed for Laying Hens. There is probably no food better cal culated to promote laying in fowls than cowpeas. Tens or beans of any sort are good, but large ones must be ground, or fowls will rarely eat them. Of cow peas the smallest variety should be chosen, as fowls unused to such grain must be accustomed to It gradually. But once get them to cat peas and the victory Is won. They are a perfect sub stitute for Insects, meat scrap, blood meal and other animal preparations that are often so combined with cheap substances that the hens are a long time learning that when they are fed "Lobsmith's concentrated egg food they ought to lay fluently. Instead of almost Imperceptibly. Pea vines with peas on them cut as soon as the peas are full grown and while yet green, thrown into the chicken yard, will give them exercise and the very sort of food their nature craves. They will eat the peas, the leaves, and as much of the stems as they can break up small enough to swallow. A Good Thing to Do. There is no branch of farm opera tions that can be permanently and profitably Improved more easily and at less cost than the poultry yards. A dollar or two Invested in eggs of good breeds of fowls will bring back many times the Investment within a year or two. If you want to Improve your poultry, you can do It quickly, cheaply and with but little risk. Breeders have learned that It pays to send out no eggs except from good stock. A sitting or two Is all that Is needed for a good start A very few dollars spent for good eggs means a atce flock of fowls In one y tut. When you may be In a position to sell to your neighbors at good big prices.— Exchange. Catting OriM Karly. Chemical analysis Is said to sbow that the grass cut when the seed has ripened, or Is nearly ripe, has about the same amount of nutrition as It has when cut earlier, and thus some allow it to stand that It may Increase In weight But when the cow puts It through her laboratory she does not find the same value In the latecut bay. A part of the seeds have rattled out and beeil logt nnd the> rem ainder are sb small and g0 enoased | n a dry coat ( n g or shell that not mafiy of them are cbewed up nl)d tbus pass through tbe stomach and bowels undigested, T hen the stalks which contain the most nu t r i m ent before the seed has f orined have become simply woody flbre ag indigestible as bean poles, and she gets but little nutrition from them. We think If she could speak she would say that two-thirds or less of the amount of hay, cut early, and not sun-dried too long, was better than her usual ration of hay, ripened before cut and overdried afterward. But If she can not talk she has many times put herself on record to that effect at the mnllk pall and the churn, and it Is because the owner falls to see and understand these records that he does not know the facts. The scale to weigh the milk and the Babcock test /or the butter fat help to tell what Is the best food, as well as which is the best cow.—American Cultivator. In Haying on Soft Meadows. Along sluggish streams are thous ands of acres producing fairly good cow hay, but on which teams cannot cannot be driven without danger of becoming mired. The work is therefore all done by hand, Including the dreaded task of "poling out," or carrying the hay in large cocks on a pair of poles, to the edge of the upland, where It Is to be loaded. To avoid this drudgery some farms use mud shoes for their horses, as illustrated. The shoes are of oak, 1 inch thick and 8 x 10 inches for a horse of average weight. Edges are beveled and planed, and erfds are strongly cleated on the under side. Holes are made to fit the projections of the iron shoe and an Iron strap, which a black smith will make from the illustration for a few cents, passes across the hoof and is fastened by nuts on the lower side of the mud shoe. Stomach Staggers in Hone«. Quite a common form of indigestion among horses Is stomach staggers hav ing the following symptoms: The ears droop forward, the eyes are dull, the animal sweats profusely under even light labor and seems to have little control over the hind quarters at times. During a portion of the time the appe tite Is almost ravenous, at other times there seems to be little appetite. When the symptoms named appear the corn should be cut out of the diet and the grain ration materially reduced. Change the entire ration as much as possible and keep the bowels in good condition. Dissolve one ounce of glau ber salts in the drinking water twice daily or give as a drench if the animal will not drink. If the dazed or sleepy symptoms continue give a purge of salts and afterwards drachm doses of iodide of potash three times daily until the sleepy feeling passes off. After Harvest. After the wheat is harvested the young clover grows rapidly, as its sup. ply of plant food Is increased by rea son of the riddance of its wheat com petitor, but many farmers allow weeds to grow, mowing them down before they produce seed. Such a plan is bet ter than to leave the weeds to mature, but the proper course to pursue is to mow the weeds when they are young and before they have deprived the clover plants of food. By mowing them two or three times during the summer many of them will be de stroyed. Clipping Work Horses. Whether or not It pays to clip work horses was tested at the Michigan ex periment station and reported In a re cent bulletin. The conclusions were not as definite as might be desired The station, however, believes that the horses which were clipped did their work with much greater comfort in early spring than those which were not clipped. This of course means a great deal when animals are at work pre paring the land for spring crops. The clipped horses always look better. Commercial Feeding Stuffe. The New York experiment station says that In its inspection of commer cial feeding stuffs unmixed or stand ard goods were found to be of fairly uniform quality and practically as good as the guarantees except In single Instance. The discrepancies oc curred with the mixed goods, many of which contained oat hulls, as shown by the percentage of crude fiber pres ent. Adulteration of cornmeal and other grain products appears to bs practiced. Grass for Sandy Lands. Awnless brome grass (bromus In ermis) will be found excellent for usa on drifting sands. It Is a perennial, looks somewhat like blue grass and Is suitable for light, dry, poor soils and resists dry weather. About fifteen pounds of seed per acre should be used. It spreads by creeping underground stems or root stocks. It will not thrive on wet soils. While not as valuable as many other varieties, yet it serves well on light sandy soils upon which no oth er grass will grow. SAN I LANLiSCO'S LABOR PARTY MUSICIAN MAYOR Eugene E. Schmlts, leader of !he or chestra at the Columbia Theater, was elected Mayor of Ban Francisco. Rcbmltz was nominated on the Union Labor ticket, and for three iveeks waged an aggressive campaign. . He began bis work as a drummer boy In the old Standard Theater. From there he worked his way up to lead ersblp of the California Theater otebes tra. which position be accepted in 1805. He has been a leader of orchestra evtt since. As to the general trend of his policy, Mr. Schmlts says: *'I want to see more friendly relations between the employ er and employed. I want peace, peace peace. I believe that in a peacel'u union and in the general diffusion oi education lie the hope of advancing civ ilization and the certainty of a nation al prosperity. I believe in fair consid eratlon for Invested capital as correln tlve to similar consideration for organ Ized labor. I am tn favor of peacef ul measures at all hazards. In every rela tion between the employer and the em ployed, and I thoroughly deplore any resort to violence in the settlement ot differences." EUGEflE >*. SCHMITZ. Morgan's One "Interview." The Interviewer disturbs J. Pierpont Morgan. He makes his boast that be never has been Interviewed, and de dares that In the last seven years bu; one Interviewer ever bas been able tt approach him. The story of this one exception be told to Bishops Potter and Doane. On a recent trip to Europe a repre sentative of the London Times would not take no for bis answer. Tell the Times man my time is worth £10 a minute," at last said Mor gan. The Times man says he'll take two minutes at that," came back the re ply. "He handed me £20," Bald Mr. Mor gan, "talked just two minutes by both our watches, did all the talking him self, and rose to go on the Instant. 'Why did you want to see meT 1 asked. In curosity. 'Oh, I wagered £100 that 1 would Interview you personally, that's all,' was his reply. I congratulated him on Ills enterprise, and dismissed him with in the third minute of his call." "Did you keep his £20 V" dryly asked Bishop Potter, as Mr. Morgan ended. "Yes. and 1 haven't earned money In a long time that gave me the satisfac tion that £20 did."—San Francisco Ex aminer. Important in Medical Practice. It is the popular belief that Minister Wu has a monopoly of all the humor to be obtained from China, but Herbert Giles tells a story of a Chinese physi cian who had blunderingly mismanag ed a case to which he had been called in consultation. The indignant family seized him and tied him up, but in the night he man aged to free himself, aud escaped by swimming a river, which cut off pur suit. When he reached home he found his son, who had just begun to study med icine, poring over his books. He wrung out his wet clothes, and turning to the student, said gravely: "My son, don't he in a hurry with your books; the first and most import ant thing is to learn to swim." Zebras as Beasts of Burden. An attempt is to be made by the Brit ish authorities in Uganda to utilize the zebra for transport purposes in that country. It is contended that the char acteristics of the animal render it spe cially suited to this district, since it is naturally Immune against the rav ages of the tsetse fly and horse sick ness. The plan suggested is the domes ticatlon of the adult animal. The young zebra cannot be reared apart from its mother and it is considered that if the animal were accustomed to the pres ence of man while very young in the course of a few years a large supply of zebras will be available for work. Much Easier. "It's easier to do one thing than to do two things at once." "Perhaps; but it's easier for twelve men to do two things at once." "How do you mean?" "Well, It's easier for a Jury to arrive at two verdicts than one."—Philadel phia Re cord. __ Russian Soldier. The Russian soldier has abundance of courage; the German is unequaled for discipline; the Frenchman is a lusty antagonist when aM goes well, and of them all the Hungarian has the moai of dash and pluck combined. Opportunities are very sensitive. Slight them once and they seldom call again. Poorly? " For two years I suffered ter ribly from dyspepsia, with great depression, and was always feeling poorly. I then tried Ayer's Sarsa parilla, and in one week I was a new man."—John McDonald, Philadelphia, Pa. I Don't forget that it's "Ayer's" Sarsaparilla that will make you strong and hopeful. Don't waste your time and money by trying some other kind. Use the old, tested, tried, and true Ayer's Sarsapa rilla. «Ma MO*. All dnniUi A«k tout doctor what he think« of Ayer'« Sarsaparilla, lie knows all about this grand old family medicine. Follow his advice end we will be satisfied. J. C. AVSR Co.. Lowell. Mass. NATIONAL IRRIGATION CONGRESS Tenth Annua) Convention Meets at Colorado Springs in October. Denver, Col., Sept. 23. — The tenth Annual Irrigation Congress will be held at Colorado Springs, Colo., Octo ber 6 to 9. The American Forestry Association will meet at the same time and place and forestry will be given proper attention. |J The basis of representation in the congress will be: The governor of each state and terri tory to appoint twenty delegates. The mayor of each city of less than twenty-five thousand population to ap point two delegates. The mayor of each city of more than twenty-five thousand population to ap point four delegates. Each board of county commissioners, two delegates. Each chamber of congress, commer cial club or real estate exchange, two delegates. Each organized irrigation, agricul tural and live stock association, two delegates. Each society of engineers, two dele gates. Each irrigation company and agri cultural college, two delegates. The following are delegates by virtue of their respective office: The duly accredited representative of any foreign nation or colony, the governor of any state or territory, any member of the United States senate and house of representatives, member of any state or territorial commission, all members in good standing of the Na tional Irrigation Association. Get a bottle of Hamlin's Wizard Oil to day ; it may save many a trip for the doctor! it cures Headache and Tooth ache quickly. A husband in hand is worth two that a :e beyond control. fGHMUlMiI.ll ÄVegefable Preparationfor As - similating the Food andRegula ting the Stomachs and Bowels of lNb AN 1 S /( H1LDKKN Promotes Digestion.Cheerful ness andRest.Contains neither Opium.Morphine nor Mineral. Not Nxrc otic . JhufetfOUa-SAMWLPITWta fhmyUn Steel ~ Mx.Smut* * KeArtUSeüt JW A perfect Remedy for Cons tipa Tion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions .Feverish ness and Loss OF SLEEP. Facsimile Si gnature o f NEW YORK. CASTORIfi For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature J of EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER. In Use For Over Thirty Years CftSTORU VMS ©8NTAUR COMPANY. NI« VONC ©ITT. Austin Well Machines •XT WATER OR OIL ANYWHERE. BEALL * CO Gen, Acta. 208 Front 8t. Portland, Or Mysteries of Railroad Time Carda. How perplexing they are, thoee great big folders, that tells so much about trains, distances, connections and all the other inforfation travelers need to know. And how hard to grasp the in formation they convey. None of ns can read them intelligent ly, and some can't read them at alL They have needed fixing, and that "fix ing" was applied this month by the Northern Pacific railroad when they gave the public a little time card that can be tacked away in a gentlemen's vest pocket or in a ladies' purse. Get one and see how simple and helpful it really is to the traveler. It's little, but if diamonds were as large as cabbages nobody would want them. contagions Blood poison la tlie name sometimes given to what is generally known as the BAD DIS EASE. It is not confined to dens of vice or the lower classes. yp The purest and best people are sometimes infected with this awful malady through handling the clothing, drinking from the same vessels, using the same toilet articles, or otherwise coming in contact with persons who have contracted it. It begins usually with a little blister or sore, then swelling in the groins, a red eruption breaks out on „„„ , „ _______ . _ . . „ f, , , r , , Ten years ago I contracted a bad cas® the body, sores and ulcers appear of Blood Poison. I was undar treatment in the mouth, the throat becomes of a physician until I found that he could ulcerated, the liair, eye brows and ^°_" e "° * ood - Then began taking taste tall out ; til. blood teomtag fih'' ."""teîtelS more contaminated, copper colored the disease disappeared. I took six bot splotches and pustular eruptions and tie* and today am sound and well, sores appear upon different parts of M ' Wai1 ' Morristown, Tenu, the body, and the poison even destroys the bones. S. S. S. is a Specific for this loathsome disease, and cures it even in the worst forms. It is a perfect antidote for the powerful virus that pollutes the blood and penetrates to all parts of tlie system. Unless you get this poison out of your blood it will ruin you, and bring disgrace and disease upon your children, for it can be transmitted from parent to child. S. S. S. contains no mercury or potash, but is guaranteed a strictly vegetable compound. 9 Write for our free home treatment book and learn all about Contagious Blood Poison. If y ou want medical advice give us a history of your case, and our physicians will furnish all the information you wish without any charge whatever THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA. Will You Visit The Interstate Fair? Opens Oct. 6th, closes Oct. 14th. If So If Not we wish to say in all briefness : that our stock of merchandise is the best in the state, and that our prices for GOOD mer chandise are the LOWEST in the state. These are Ntr< ng statements but facts warn nt them. Arrange to meet y< ur friends here. All cars st rt and stop at our Riverside ave. entrance. Parcels checked free. it. is very essential that you should become acquainted with our MAIL ORDER DEPART MENT. It will serve your wants carefully and promptly as tliia department, receives most careful management. It i« an important part of our business ana not an aside.' Semi for samples. You will re ceive prompt and courteous treatment. White House Dry Goods Co., Riverside Ave. and Howard St., Spokane. Adam Wieser, Ê2L Spokane Bottling Works. Ail kinds of Soda Water. Specialties Iron Brew, Bromolygea, Mineral Water Ginger Ale, etc. 818 Third Ave., Spokane, Wash. LIVE AGENTS WANTED Who can sell Road Graders, Rock Crushsre, Rollers. Plow» and Scrapers to county offi cials. flood pay. BEALL A CO., Inc., 208 Front St., Portland, Ore. TIE IEV PENSION LAVS Apply to Rath an Bicktobs, Imini, WaaauiffiM, ». C. SENT FREE It Cures Whin fos wsis, Allen's Foot-Ewe makes tight and new shoes feel ewy. It is a certain cure for sweating, cal lout and swollen, tired,hot, aching feet. Try it oday. A tall druggists, 25c. Trial pack sge mail ed FREE. A dress Allen 8. Olmsted, LeRoy, ». Y. Turnip seeds have been known to be dormant for seven years through being planted to deep, and after that time to sprout. FITS __iUf 1 ____ first dsr^s use of Dr. I forlRXBIÄMt JOS». LU., tfl Arch 8 fnsuuuf Curse, mo Do as smimmu ~ . EltaeVGrrst Nerve ___trial bottle and treet ArebSt- FViU4virhie.ru Mothers will find Mrs. Winslow's Sooth ing Syrup the best remedy to use for theiv children during the teething period. Some men are born with black eyes and some acquire them. mêm W. L. DOU< $3&$3£9 SHOES S \Y. L. Douglas shoes are worn by more men in all stations of life than any other make, because they are the only shoes that in every way equal those costing *5. (hi and $0.00. W. L. DOUCLAS 84 SHOES CANNOT BE EXCELLED. Ul 6 month's, $1,108,8201 ÎS7ÂL. $2,340, «00 Best imported and American leather». Heyl '* Patent Calf. Enamel, Bnx Calf, Calf. Vici Kid, Corona Colt, Nat. Kangaroo. Fast. Color Kyelets used. Caution 1 The genuine have W. !.. DOUGLAS' * name and nrice stamped on bottom. Shoes by mail, 25c. extra. Ilhis. Catalog free. W. L. DOUGLAS, BROCKTON. MASS. ÊMhohoU Wagon, Boot on Earth— Because It Is msde of tbs best metertsl possible to buy. The menu facture re absolutely pay 1ft to »percent above tbs market price ot bast grades of wagon timber for the privilege of ouV ling over end skimming off tbs cream of tbs wagon stock, which Is carried for I to ft years ho fore making up. wbtcb means an In vestment la wood stock of nearly one million dollars. MITCHELL Wagons are unsurpa s sed fto gnallty, proportion, finish, strength and UffH running. Why—tnks chances on any other?_ Why—not gat the best?—A HlTOaftlA Wfefte/f, Lmmrtm A Sfarap Os. Portland. Beattie. Spokes® Balsa Agamis Everywhere. RELIABLE ASSAYS Gold ........ft .50 I Gold and Silver.! .78 Lead................ .80 I Gold,silv's.oop'r L60 Prompt returns on mail samples DO DEM ASSAY OOUÊSAMY 142ft 16th Bt„ Denver, Cclo. S. N. U. No. 30, 1003.