Shields, of Arkansas, gives some points
on the subject She says: I say by
all means get a separator, then buy (
milk cans large enough to hold one
milking of cream, let It cool, put the
lid oil the can and hang It In the well. , T
It does not matter whether It is In
the water or not, it will keep cool, and j f
will be ready to churn In twenty-four
Making Butter In Hot Weather.
In a recent Home and Farm, Maud
hours. Use a thermometer and churn
at about 04 or 07 degrees. Take up the
butter, wash thoroughly by pressing
with the paddle. Don't drag the pad
dle through It, as It spoils the grain.
Salt It, using pure salt, and mold It
as quick as possible. Wrap each pound
In a nice clean cloth wrung out of
Get you an empty butter keg from
your grocery man, bore holes near the
top Just below the lid, take a piece
of new rope and make a handle, put
nice, clean, new white paper in the bot
tom, then put In the butter. Put an
other piece on top Just below the lid
and hang it In the well. Paper Is bet
ter than cloth, as the cloth mildews.
When you are ready to go to town,
use another keg Just like the one In
the well; put a clean towel In the bot
tom; put in the butter; then another
clean towel on top. Fasten on the lid,
wet some clean sack» In a tub, fold
them without wringing on the bottom
of your wagon, set the butter keg on
them, and wrap wet sacks around the
keg and on top. As you deliver the
butter take the cloths off, take them
home, and wash and scald thoroughly.
Keep two sets of cloths; w T bile one set
la sunning and drying another can be
used. We have a separator; we sell a
part of the milk sweet, the rest we
make buttermilk. We set it and let
It clabber; then take an old-fashioned
churn-dash, and churn It up and down
until it Is free from lumps and is
smooth. Don't put any water In it!
leave It thick; It sells much better.
When you are ready to go to town,
mix what buttermilk you have from
the cream with it.
Selecting a crosscut saw that will
work rapidly and with ease requires
considerable experience. A saw having
4 cutting teeth, as shown In cut at
a, to 1 straight drag tooth, b, with back
of saw 4 gauges thinner than edge,
will do as much work as any other.
It requires less work to keep such a
saw In order. Medium thickness Is
best. A thick saw Is clumsy and cuts
a large groove, while a very thin one
requires frequent resetting. Our cut
shows a filing frame for a crosscut
saw. The base, e, is 2 feet long, 1 foot
wide and 6 inches high. It should be
fastened to the floor. The pieces, d, d,
are 2x3 Inches and are mortised In the
base. The piece, c, is 1 x 6 inches, cut
shape of saw and beveled to the saw.
There are three %-inch bolts at c, c, c,
on which saw rests and is tightened
when put in the frame. The entire
height is 45 inches.—W. A. Sharp, In
Farm and Home.
Feed for Laying Hens.
There is probably no food better cal
culated to promote laying in fowls than
cowpeas. Tens or beans of any sort are
good, but large ones must be ground,
or fowls will rarely eat them. Of cow
peas the smallest variety should be
chosen, as fowls unused to such grain
must be accustomed to It gradually.
But once get them to cat peas and the
victory Is won. They are a perfect sub
stitute for Insects, meat scrap, blood
meal and other animal preparations
that are often so combined with cheap
substances that the hens are a long
time learning that when they are fed
"Lobsmith's concentrated egg food
they ought to lay fluently. Instead of
almost Imperceptibly. Pea vines with
peas on them cut as soon as the peas
are full grown and while yet green,
thrown into the chicken yard, will give
them exercise and the very sort of food
their nature craves. They will eat the
peas, the leaves, and as much of the
stems as they can break up small
enough to swallow.
A Good Thing to Do.
There is no branch of farm opera
tions that can be permanently and
profitably Improved more easily and
at less cost than the poultry yards. A
dollar or two Invested in eggs of good
breeds of fowls will bring back many
times the Investment within a year or
two. If you want to Improve your
poultry, you can do It quickly, cheaply
and with but little risk.
Breeders have learned that It pays
to send out no eggs except from good
stock. A sitting or two Is all that Is
needed for a good start A very few
dollars spent for good eggs means a
atce flock of fowls In one y tut. When
you may be In a position to sell to
your neighbors at good big prices.—
Catting OriM Karly.
Chemical analysis Is said to sbow
that the grass cut when the seed has
ripened, or Is nearly ripe, has about
the same amount of nutrition as It
has when cut earlier, and thus some
allow it to stand that It may Increase
In weight But when the cow puts It
through her laboratory she does not
find the same value In the latecut bay.
A part of the seeds have rattled out
and beeil logt nnd the> rem ainder are
sb small and g0 enoased | n a dry coat
( n g or shell that not mafiy of them
are cbewed up nl)d tbus pass through
tbe stomach and bowels undigested,
T hen the stalks which contain the
most nu t r i m ent before the seed has
f orined have become simply woody
flbre ag indigestible as bean poles, and
she gets but little nutrition from them.
We think If she could speak she
would say that two-thirds or less of
the amount of hay, cut early, and not
sun-dried too long, was better than her
usual ration of hay, ripened before
cut and overdried afterward. But If
she can not talk she has many times
put herself on record to that effect
at the mnllk pall and the churn, and
it Is because the owner falls to see
and understand these records that he
does not know the facts. The scale to
weigh the milk and the Babcock test
/or the butter fat help to tell what Is
the best food, as well as which is the
best cow.—American Cultivator.
Haying on Soft Meadows.
Along sluggish streams are thous
ands of acres producing fairly good
cow hay, but on which teams cannot
cannot be driven without
danger of becoming
mired. The work is
therefore all done by
hand, Including the
dreaded task of "poling
out," or carrying the hay in large
cocks on a pair of poles, to the
edge of the upland, where It Is to be
loaded. To avoid this drudgery some
farms use mud shoes for their horses,
as illustrated. The shoes are of oak, 1
inch thick and 8 x 10 inches for a horse
of average weight. Edges are beveled
and planed, and erfds are strongly
cleated on the under side. Holes are
made to fit the projections of the iron
shoe and an Iron strap, which a black
smith will make from the illustration
for a few cents, passes across the hoof
and is fastened by nuts on the lower
side of the mud shoe.
Stomach Staggers in Hone«.
Quite a common form of indigestion
among horses Is stomach staggers hav
ing the following symptoms: The ears
droop forward, the eyes are dull, the
animal sweats profusely under even
light labor and seems to have little
control over the hind quarters at times.
During a portion of the time the appe
tite Is almost ravenous, at other times
there seems to be little appetite. When
the symptoms named appear the corn
should be cut out of the diet and the
grain ration materially reduced.
Change the entire ration as much as
possible and keep the bowels in good
condition. Dissolve one ounce of glau
ber salts in the drinking water twice
daily or give as a drench if the animal
will not drink. If the dazed or sleepy
symptoms continue give a purge of
salts and afterwards drachm doses of
iodide of potash three times daily until
the sleepy feeling passes off.
After the wheat is harvested the
young clover grows rapidly, as its sup.
ply of plant food Is increased by rea
son of the riddance of its wheat com
petitor, but many farmers allow weeds
to grow, mowing them down before
they produce seed. Such a plan is bet
ter than to leave the weeds to mature,
but the proper course to pursue is to
mow the weeds when they are young
and before they have deprived the
clover plants of food. By mowing
them two or three times during the
summer many of them will be de
Clipping Work Horses.
Whether or not It pays to clip work
horses was tested at the Michigan ex
periment station and reported In a re
cent bulletin. The conclusions were
not as definite as might be desired
The station, however, believes that the
horses which were clipped did their
work with much greater comfort in
early spring than those which were not
clipped. This of course means a great
deal when animals are at work pre
paring the land for spring crops. The
clipped horses always look better.
Commercial Feeding Stuffe.
The New York experiment station
says that In its inspection of commer
cial feeding stuffs unmixed or stand
ard goods were found to be of fairly
uniform quality and practically as
good as the guarantees except In
single Instance. The discrepancies oc
curred with the mixed goods, many of
which contained oat hulls, as shown
by the percentage of crude fiber pres
ent. Adulteration of cornmeal and
other grain products appears to bs
Grass for Sandy Lands.
Awnless brome grass (bromus In
ermis) will be found excellent for usa
on drifting sands. It Is a perennial,
looks somewhat like blue grass and Is
suitable for light, dry, poor soils and
resists dry weather. About fifteen
pounds of seed per acre should be used.
It spreads by creeping underground
stems or root stocks. It will not thrive
on wet soils. While not as valuable as
many other varieties, yet it serves well
on light sandy soils upon which no oth
er grass will grow.
SAN I LANLiSCO'S LABOR
PARTY MUSICIAN MAYOR
Eugene E. Schmlts, leader of !he or
chestra at the Columbia Theater, was
elected Mayor of Ban Francisco.
Rcbmltz was nominated on the Union
Labor ticket, and for three iveeks
waged an aggressive campaign.
. He began bis work as a drummer boy
In the old Standard Theater. From
there he worked his way up to lead
ersblp of the California Theater otebes
tra. which position be accepted in 1805.
He has been a leader of orchestra evtt
As to the general trend of his policy,
Mr. Schmlts says: *'I want to see more
friendly relations between the employ
er and employed. I want peace, peace
peace. I believe that in a peacel'u
union and in the general diffusion oi
education lie the hope of advancing civ
ilization and the certainty of a nation
al prosperity. I believe in fair consid
eratlon for Invested capital as correln
tlve to similar consideration for organ
Ized labor. I am tn favor of peacef ul
measures at all hazards. In every rela
tion between the employer and the em
ployed, and I thoroughly deplore any
resort to violence in the settlement ot
EUGEflE >*. SCHMITZ.
Morgan's One "Interview."
The Interviewer disturbs J. Pierpont
Morgan. He makes his boast that be
never has been Interviewed, and de
dares that In the last seven years bu;
one Interviewer ever bas been able tt
approach him. The story of this one
exception be told to Bishops Potter
On a recent trip to Europe a repre
sentative of the London Times would
not take no for bis answer.
Tell the Times man my time is
worth £10 a minute," at last said Mor
The Times man says he'll take two
minutes at that," came back the re
"He handed me £20," Bald Mr. Mor
gan, "talked just two minutes by both
our watches, did all the talking him
self, and rose to go on the Instant.
'Why did you want to see meT 1
asked. In curosity.
'Oh, I wagered £100 that 1 would
Interview you personally, that's all,'
was his reply. I congratulated him on
Ills enterprise, and dismissed him with
in the third minute of his call."
"Did you keep his £20 V" dryly asked
Bishop Potter, as Mr. Morgan ended.
"Yes. and 1 haven't earned money In
a long time that gave me the satisfac
tion that £20 did."—San Francisco Ex
Important in Medical Practice.
It is the popular belief that Minister
Wu has a monopoly of all the humor to
be obtained from China, but Herbert
Giles tells a story of a Chinese physi
cian who had blunderingly mismanag
ed a case to which he had been called in
The indignant family seized him and
tied him up, but in the night he man
aged to free himself, aud escaped by
swimming a river, which cut off pur
When he reached home he found his
son, who had just begun to study med
icine, poring over his books. He wrung
out his wet clothes, and turning to the
student, said gravely:
"My son, don't he in a hurry with
your books; the first and most import
ant thing is to learn to swim."
Zebras as Beasts of Burden.
An attempt is to be made by the Brit
ish authorities in Uganda to utilize the
zebra for transport purposes in that
country. It is contended that the char
acteristics of the animal render it spe
cially suited to this district, since it
is naturally Immune against the rav
ages of the tsetse fly and horse sick
ness. The plan suggested is the domes
ticatlon of the adult animal. The young
zebra cannot be reared apart from its
mother and it is considered that if the
animal were accustomed to the pres
ence of man while very young in the
course of a few years a large supply
of zebras will be available for work.
"It's easier to do one thing than to do
two things at once."
"Perhaps; but it's easier for twelve
men to do two things at once."
"How do you mean?"
"Well, It's easier for a Jury to arrive
at two verdicts than one."—Philadel
phia Re cord. __
The Russian soldier has abundance
of courage; the German is unequaled
for discipline; the Frenchman is a lusty
antagonist when aM goes well, and of
them all the Hungarian has the moai
of dash and pluck combined.
Opportunities are very sensitive.
Slight them once and they seldom call
" For two years I suffered ter
ribly from dyspepsia, with great
depression, and was always feeling
poorly. I then tried Ayer's Sarsa
parilla, and in one week I was a
new man."—John McDonald,
I Don't forget that it's
that will make you strong
and hopeful. Don't waste
your time and money by
trying some other kind.
Use the old, tested, tried,
and true Ayer's Sarsapa
rilla. «Ma MO*. All dnniUi
A«k tout doctor what he think« of Ayer'«
Sarsaparilla, lie knows all about this grand
old family medicine. Follow his advice end
we will be satisfied.
J. C. AVSR Co.. Lowell. Mass.
NATIONAL IRRIGATION CONGRESS
Tenth Annua) Convention Meets at
Colorado Springs in October.
Denver, Col., Sept. 23. — The tenth
Annual Irrigation Congress will be
held at Colorado Springs, Colo., Octo
ber 6 to 9. The American Forestry
Association will meet at the same time
and place and forestry will be given
|J The basis of representation in the
congress will be:
The governor of each state and terri
tory to appoint twenty delegates.
The mayor of each city of less than
twenty-five thousand population to ap
point two delegates.
The mayor of each city of more than
twenty-five thousand population to ap
point four delegates.
Each board of county commissioners,
Each chamber of congress, commer
cial club or real estate exchange, two
Each organized irrigation, agricul
tural and live stock association, two
Each society of engineers, two dele
Each irrigation company and agri
cultural college, two delegates.
The following are delegates by virtue
of their respective office:
The duly accredited representative
of any foreign nation or colony, the
governor of any state or territory, any
member of the United States senate and
house of representatives, member of
any state or territorial commission, all
members in good standing of the Na
tional Irrigation Association.
Get a bottle of Hamlin's Wizard Oil
to day ; it may save many a trip for the
doctor! it cures Headache and Tooth
A husband in hand is worth two that
a :e beyond control.
ÄVegefable Preparationfor As -
similating the Food andRegula
ting the Stomachs and Bowels of
lNb AN 1 S /( H1LDKKN
ness andRest.Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral.
Not Nxrc otic .
fhmyUn Steel ~
A perfect Remedy for Cons tipa
Tion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Si gnature o f
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
VMS ©8NTAUR COMPANY. NI« VONC ©ITT.
•XT WATER OR OIL
BEALL * CO
Mysteries of Railroad Time Carda.
How perplexing they are, thoee great
big folders, that tells so much about
trains, distances, connections and all
the other inforfation travelers need to
know. And how hard to grasp the in
formation they convey.
None of ns can read them intelligent
ly, and some can't read them at alL
They have needed fixing, and that "fix
ing" was applied this month by the
Northern Pacific railroad when they
gave the public a little time card that
can be tacked away in a gentlemen's
vest pocket or in a ladies' purse. Get
one and see how simple and helpful it
really is to the traveler. It's little, but
if diamonds were as large as cabbages
nobody would want them.
la tlie name sometimes given to what
is generally known as the BAD DIS
EASE. It is not confined to dens of
vice or the lower classes. yp The purest
and best people are sometimes
infected with this awful malady
through handling the clothing,
drinking from the same vessels,
using the same toilet articles, or otherwise coming in contact with persons
who have contracted it.
It begins usually with a little blister or sore, then swelling in the
groins, a red eruption breaks out on „„„ , „ _______ . _ . . „
f, , , r , , Ten years ago I contracted a bad cas®
the body, sores and ulcers appear of Blood Poison. I was undar treatment
in the mouth, the throat becomes of a physician until I found that he could
ulcerated, the liair, eye brows and ^°_" e "° * ood - Then began taking
taste tall out ; til. blood teomtag fih'' ."""teîtelS
more contaminated, copper colored the disease disappeared. I took six bot
splotches and pustular eruptions and tie* and today am sound and well,
sores appear upon different parts of M ' Wai1 ' Morristown, Tenu,
the body, and the poison even destroys the bones.
S. S. S. is a Specific for this loathsome disease, and cures it even in the
worst forms. It is a perfect antidote for the powerful virus that pollutes
the blood and penetrates to all parts of tlie system.
Unless you get this poison out of your blood it will
ruin you, and bring disgrace and disease upon
your children, for it can be transmitted from parent
to child. S. S. S. contains no mercury or potash,
but is guaranteed a strictly vegetable compound. 9
Write for our free home treatment book and learn all about Contagious
Blood Poison. If y ou want medical advice give us a history of your case,
and our physicians will furnish all the information you wish without any
charge whatever THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA.
Will You Visit
The Interstate Fair?
Opens Oct. 6th, closes Oct. 14th.
we wish to say in all briefness :
that our stock of merchandise
is the best in the state, and
that our prices for GOOD mer
chandise are the LOWEST in
the state. These are Ntr< ng
statements but facts warn nt
them. Arrange to meet y< ur
friends here. All cars st rt
and stop at our Riverside ave.
entrance. Parcels checked
it. is very essential that you
should become acquainted with
our MAIL ORDER DEPART
MENT. It will serve your
wants carefully and promptly
as tliia department, receives
most careful management. It
i« an important part of our
business ana not an aside.'
Semi for samples. You will re
ceive prompt and courteous
White House Dry Goods Co.,
Riverside Ave. and Howard St., Spokane.
Adam Wieser, Ê2L
Spokane Bottling Works.
Ail kinds of Soda Water. Specialties
Iron Brew, Bromolygea, Mineral Water
Ginger Ale, etc.
818 Third Ave., Spokane, Wash.
LIVE AGENTS WANTED
Who can sell Road Graders, Rock Crushsre,
Rollers. Plow» and Scrapers to county offi
cials. flood pay. BEALL A CO., Inc.,
208 Front St., Portland, Ore.
TIE IEV PENSION LAVS
Apply to Rath an Bicktobs,
Imini, WaaauiffiM, ». C.
It Cures Whin fos wsis,
Allen's Foot-Ewe makes tight and new shoes
feel ewy. It is a certain cure for sweating, cal
lout and swollen, tired,hot, aching feet. Try it
oday. A tall druggists, 25c. Trial pack sge mail
ed FREE. A dress Allen 8. Olmsted, LeRoy,
Turnip seeds have been known to be
dormant for seven years through being
planted to deep, and after that time to
__iUf 1 ____
first dsr^s use of Dr. I
JOS». LU., tfl Arch 8
fnsuuuf Curse, mo Do as smimmu
~ . EltaeVGrrst Nerve
___trial bottle and treet
Mothers will find Mrs. Winslow's Sooth
ing Syrup the best remedy to use for theiv
children during the teething period.
Some men are born with black eyes
and some acquire them.
W. L. DOU<
$3&$3£9 SHOES S
\Y. L. Douglas shoes are worn by
more men in all stations of life than
any other make, because they are the
only shoes that in every way equal
those costing *5. (hi and $0.00.
W. L. DOUCLAS 84 SHOES
CANNOT BE EXCELLED.
Ul 6 month's, $1,108,8201 ÎS7ÂL. $2,340, «00
Best imported and American leather». Heyl '*
Patent Calf. Enamel, Bnx Calf, Calf. Vici Kid, Corona
Colt, Nat. Kangaroo. Fast. Color Kyelets used.
Caution 1 The genuine have W. !.. DOUGLAS'
* name and nrice stamped on bottom.
Shoes by mail, 25c. extra. Ilhis. Catalog free.
W. L. DOUGLAS, BROCKTON. MASS.
Boot on Earth—
Because It Is msde of tbs best metertsl possible
to buy. The menu facture re absolutely pay 1ft
to »percent above tbs market price ot bast
grades of wagon timber for the privilege of ouV
ling over end skimming off tbs cream of tbs
wagon stock, which Is carried for I to ft years ho
fore making up. wbtcb means an In vestment la
wood stock of nearly one million dollars.
MITCHELL Wagons are unsurpa s sed fto
gnallty, proportion, finish, strength and UffH
Why—tnks chances on any other?_
Why—not gat the best?—A HlTOaftlA
Wfefte/f, Lmmrtm A Sfarap Os.
Portland. Beattie. Spokes® Balsa
Gold ........ft .50 I Gold and Silver.! .78
Lead................ .80 I Gold,silv's.oop'r L60
Prompt returns on mail samples
DO DEM ASSAY OOUÊSAMY
142ft 16th Bt„ Denver, Cclo.
S. N. U.
No. 30, 1003.
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