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V Mnatard in Grain Fields. The plant referred to scarcely needs description, as It Is so common, al though the accompanying Illustration will Impress the reader with Its Iden tity. The flowers are yellow and the leaves soft, somewhat resembling those of rape, cabbage, turnips, etc.; in fact mustard belongs to the same family of plants as those named. It Is one of the most serious of all the weed pests. This is due to the fact that It ripens Its seed before most of the cereals, so that the ground Is again seeded down for an other year. But this Is not all. The seeds are so oily In their nature that they have been known to remain In the hay and but of and er, in be the WILD MUSTARD IX BLOOM. ground for a period of twenty-five years when burled so deeply as to prevent germination, and yet after this time have grown vigorously. It Is because of this chracterlstlc that it Is specially important to prevent wild mustard from seeding. In fields where the plants are few In number the labor expended by way of pulling them up by root would be most profitable. Where it is not practical to pull out mustard, owing to the large amount present, it may be advisable to make the cereal crop into hay rather than al low it to ripen. If some such plan as this is not adopted where fields are bad ly Infested with mustard It may be nec essary In the near future to allow the land to lie Idle and ndopt the summer fallow system In order to get rid of the pest. This would be an Instance where an ounce of remedy would be worth many pounds of cure.—Iowa Home stead. Table for Handling Grape«. < unie R«a large, heavy tables for this work In many grapehouses, upon which the grapes were emptied from the trays to be sorted, trimmed and packed into baskets. I do not favor this method of treating grapes. I think the less they are handled the better. The packing table shown makes It pos sible to take the grapes out of the tray stem by stem as wanted by the packer and thus avoid the emptying out of the grapes. The table Is so constructed that a tray fits into It tipped up suffl an It it In OKAPI PACKING TABLE. ciently to make it convenient to take the clusters from it In the Illustra tion half of the tray Is cut away in order that the construction of the table may appear more plainly. The little block (B) on the headpiece of the tray answers a twofold purpose —It serves as a handle in place of the hand holes and it keeps the trays from dropping off one from the other when they are being piled up in the store room or when hauUng on the wagon sled.— F. Grenier, in Farm and Fire side. Bowing Clover in Corn. The farmer who sows clover and finds In the spring that It was winter killed considers that he has lost time, labor and the value of the seed. This is not so, for the growth the clover makes dur ing the late summer and fall has added enough fertility to the soil to materially assist in paying for the time and labor involved. As a matter of fact, there ought not to be much labor spent in seeding the clover beyond the work of putting In the seed, particularly if the work Is done at the last cultivation of the torn. Under almost any weather conditions, except severe and prolonged drouth, It may be considered wise to make a seeding of clover, crimson or red, at the last cultivation of the corn. If it goes through the winter, one adds so greatly to the fertility of the soil that they can afford to take some chances. IThe Hap Press. The farmer who has more hay than bam room will find It a good invest ment to have a hay press that he may put it into smaller bulk, so that them will be room for it In the bam, instead of stacking it out of doors. It win keep better, and if he has any to sell It will be more easily bandied and sell more readily at a better price. If one cannot afford to buy a press, let those In a neighborhood who are likely to want to use It unite In owning. The hay may be stacked until the cutting and curing Is over with, if one does not wish to nin the press In haying time, but the Quicker the stack is reduced to bales the better. The Farmer's Telephone. A surprising thing Is the development of the telephone system among the farmers here on the prairies, says a correspondent In Nebraska. An inde pendent telephone company has been extending its lines from town to town and village to village. The result Is thnt farmers living from live to ten miles from town are connected and within speaking communication with doctor, storekeeper, bank, grain buy er, etc. Farmers telephone Into town in the morning for the price of grain, and If they like It they drive in With a load or two. For their telephones the farmers pay from $1 to $1.50 a month, and as time-savers they are said to be worth from ten to twenty times their cost. At the rate the telephone sys tem is now being developed It will not be more than a couple of years till nearly every farmer in Nebraska Is on the wire. With cheap telephones, rural free delivery and consolidation of dis trict schools Into' central buildings, where there are several rooms, as many teachers and grading pupils, modern life in the rural regions is not what it once was. K vapor a ted or Dried Potatoes. 'Dried potatoes" Is the name of a new product evolved by the South Car olina Agricultural Experiment Station. The potatoes are boiled, peeled and evaporated in a cannery, and will re main in perfect condition for years. The preserved potato becomes fit for eating after being soaked in warm water for an hour. Like many other new ideas, this promises to be a big thing, and its development may have a great effect on the vast potato fields of northern Maine. It Is reported that an acre of potatoes yielded 357 bushels, which made 105 bushels of the dried product, nearly a pound to 3% pounds of the raw product. Although the report we have does not say anything about It, probably the sweet potatoes can be subjected to the same process.—American Cultivator. Cutting Up a Hog. After the hog has been killed and cleaned, cut down on each side of the backbone with a sharp hatchet, then with a few cuts with the knife at the lower part, loos en the leaf lard, pull it upward and take it-out. Begin at the breast bone, and, with the aid of a knife take out the ribs. Bun a knife down between the leau and the fat meat of the backbone. By the aid of splits spread the hog to its full width and allow it to hang until it has thor oughly cooled. The accompanying dia gram will show just how the carcass is cut. If the anmal is a very heavy one, cut the sides apart, then take off the shoulder, then the side meat and finally the ham. By taking It down in pieces In this manner I can handle a heavy hog myself.—E. Esterley, in Farm and Home. S t is to in Jof ground. Shows Lack of Phosphate. When cattle chew leather, wood oi old bones it indicates a lack of phos phate or lime in their food, which is re quired to supply bone material. A tea spoonful of bone meal given daily with their grain will correct the habit and supply the deficiency which induces it. If the disposition to eat bones Is Indulged in when cows are in grass the deficiency then evidently exists in the soil, and the pasture will be greatly benefited by a top dressing of bone dust. Two or three hundred pounds to the acre, sown broadcast, will repay at tending expenses In a better yield and in quality of mllk and butter. Firm Note«. If you do not have enough manure for a large field use It on a small plot, and endeavor to make as much as pos sible by concentrating the manure and work to a limited area. Manure may be wasted by attempting to make It do service on a larger space than it will profitably cover, as well as entailing more labor than the crop can compen sate for. Sheep are one of the best kinds of stocks to keep in orchards. After a little practice they will pick up fallen fruit quicker than hogs; and this is often very important, as the codling moth worm generally leaves the apple soon after It drops. But, with either sheep or hogs, sufllclent food must be supplied or the trees will be barked. The food thus given goes, however, where It will do the most good, in the production of the largest and best fruit There is quite a difference In the ad vantages of budding and grafting. The proper time for budding Is any period when good buds can be procured and the bark will run on the stocks. Peach es and roses are always budded, but grafting is used on apples, pears and grapes. Budding is sometimes done in order to change the tops of quite young fruit trees. Dry weather Is not favor able to budding, and as a rule budding is not as successful as grafting. Bones may be dissolved by the use of unleached wood ashes, especially If they are broken or ground. The pro portions for a fertilizer, used by some farmers, are one barrel of raw bone -flour, three barrels dry wood ashes, fifty pounds of gypsum and ten gallons of water. The materials are placed in a heap upon the floor and stirred with a hoe while the water Is added. The mast Is kept moist, and In two or three weeks will be ready for use. Five bar rels of this mixture is considered an efficient and cheap dressing for an acre HUGE FLOATING- DAY DOCK. Large Enough to Accommodate a War ' " Ship of 18,000 Tone. There la now being constructed at S parrow Point, Md., what will be the irgest floating dry-dock in the world. t t Is being built for use by the Navy De artment, and when completed will-be towed ^Algiers, La., a voyage of 2,000 miles. It will then be pllced in posi tion at the naval station there for the use of all vessels In service in the Carib bean and Mexican waters. The dock is being built in conformity with a plan to strengthen all the Southern naval stations, and to provide there facilities for the handling of the largest vessels in the United States navy. While the contract capacity of the new dry dock isl5,000 tons, the real ca pacity is really considerably larger than this. As now estimated, a vessel displacing 18,000 tons can be success fully floated and supported by the dock, though It is probable that no effort, will be made to place any ship of such di mensions within It The work' is really gigantic and outclasses that done on the old Havas a dry dock in use during the Spanish war. The Havana dry dock, by the way, has passed out of the hands of the United States Govern ment, and now belongs to the Govern ment of Vera Crus, to which it was sold. The feat of traveling from New York to Havana, which at the time was thought to be a very notable one, bas been duplicated by a second trip from Havana to Vera Crus and the practi cability of the floating dry dock again demonstrated. The new dry dock is to be built at the cost of $810,000, and will be complete in every detail. It will consist of five pontoons, three of which compose the bottom and the other two the sides of the dock. The extreme length of the doek Is 240 feet, while the extreme width Is 126. The dock is complete in itself, hav ing its own engines, boilers and oper is of sting machinery and complete quarters for its crew. It can be towed any where, I« a nailable property, and is altogether one of the most desirable ac quisitions that have been made to the United States navy since the upbuild ing of that navy began. The arrangement by which the dock is operated is very ingenious. Each pontoon is fitted with forty water-tight compartments, with a drain pipe lead ing into them. These individual drain pipes then teed into a large drain pipe in either side. All these pipes are con nected with pumps, which are operated 6y central engines at either side. When desired these engines can be made to run Independently of each other upon separate compartments, or they can be made to indlvldaully operate them alL By this device all possibility of a gen eral breakdown Is almost removed, since in event of accident to one set of machines the other can be set In mo tion to do the entire work of the two. When It is proposed to float a vessel the valves in the various compartments are opened. The dock,' which floats at the draught of four feet. Is then lower ed with the onrush of water into the various compartments until It re ac hes the desired depth. By simply closing the valves the depth can be readily con trolled, while if desired a vessel of thir ty feet draught can be taken in. The vessel is then floated in and carefully centered over the keel blocks on which tt is expected to rest. The pumpe are then started and slowly as the water Is drawn out of the various compartments and discharged through the drain pipes the dock rises, lifting Its great burden out of the water. As the vessel rises it Is secured in Its position until It finally reaches a height of four feet above water, permitting every part of It to be reached by the repair me chanics without difficulty. One of the greatest advantages af forded by the new arrangement how ever, la the ability to doek the dry dock itself by a simple device. This Is ac complished by having the pontoons de tachable so that one at a time each one can be raised out of the water and re paired. This la accomplished In this way: If It Is desired to dock the middle pontoon the fastenings connecting it with the other pontoons are removed and It Is allowed to float loosely. Water Is then admitted to the end pontoons and side walls, and the middle pontoon floata up until a set of lugs on its bot tom corresponds to the upper connect ing lugs on the side walls. This brings the middle pontoon entirely out of water. The middle pontoon In turn bas kufflclent capacity to dock both end pontoons at once, and one of the side walla can be tilted out of water by fill Ing the other one. By these various means the entire water surface of the lock is made accessible tor repairs. a HAIR TELLS OF NATIVITY. Results pf Observation by Hotel Clerks sad Commercial Travelers. Commercial travelers, and no mfln It Is said are better judges of character, claim that they can always tell to wbat part at the country a man belongs, and this by looking only at his hat». They say that in Kentucky the hair is worn long behind, so long that it is caught over the ears, permitting the oft-repeated gesture of smoothing it with the fingers as the wearer talks to you. The ends are cut square, and the fashlon requires a certain amount of pomade to keep It In place. This gloss is Imperative. In Indiana, they claim, it Is worn equally as loug, but with the ends curled In about the neck almost touching the collar. Further West, across the Rockies, and In the southwest, especially in Texas—where barbers are scarce, or were scarce, when the fashion was set—the hair is worn cowboy fashion, loose over the shoul ders, the untrlmmed ends flying In the winds. In the Eastern States, however, and along the whole Eastern border of the country, except In North Carolina where among the corncrackers It grows wild, the hair is cropped short, espe cially behind, where It Is shingled even ly from the top of the head to the neck. Hotçl clerks add to this knowledge of the hair one of the wearer's shoes. It makes all the difference in the world whether they are square, pointed round. Each fashion proclaims a dis trict of its own. Patent leather shoes with extremely pointed toes belong to the South; while people from the North and West wear square toes and heavy shoes. These fashions, however, are due more to climatic conditions than to local tastes.—Harper's Bazar. Population of British India. The population of British India—that is, of the territories under direct Brit ish Government—was 198,800,606 in 1881, and had increased to 221,172,952 when the last census was taken in 1801. The population of the states which are governed by native rulers under the eye of the British represent atives increased in those ten years from 64.932,908 to 00,050,470. The fig ures for 1891 show that of the total population 146,727,290 were males and only 140,496,135 were females. British India covers 964,993 square miles and the Native States 695,167; but in the former the average number of persons living on every square mile Is 229 and in the Native States it is only 111 The highest average is 471 per square mile In Bengal, and the next Is 436 hi the northwest provinces and Oude; while the lowest average in British In dia is 85 in Upper Burmah—the native state of Oashmere falling still lower, to 81 per square mile. England had In the same year 640 people to the square mile, and Scotland 134. Japanese Imitation. Tbs Japanese are almost universally condemned by writers for the imitation practiced by them of late years of Western literature, art, science and In vention. And yet this Imitat: seems natural and right. Imagine, if possible, the nation of Japan leaping across the civilisation of hundreds of years in half a century. Think of her emerging from the darkness of the middle ages and standing suddenly forth In the light of the nineteenth century. Would it not have been worse than madness for her to have said. "This new civilisation Is better than ours, yet we will not Imi tate It We will retain our originality, and perhaps In ages to come we shall reach the enlightened state now enjoy ed by the rest of the world." But fortunately the Japanese did not say this, but gave themselves up to the acquisition of the wonderful stores ol knowledge opened to them.— Lippin cott'*. A Dry Niagara. A few miles southeast of Syracuse, N. Y., In a cavity whose bottom is 220 feet below the surface of the adjacent upland, lies Jamesville lake, a body of water 600 feet In diameter and sixty feet in depth. Eastward from the lake extends a gorge through which flows Butternut creek. Professor Quereau of Syracuse says that in former times a river flowed here and that Jamesville lake Is the pool that was formed under a great waterfalL Steep cliffs rise around It on three sides, and "all the features of a dry Niagara are here dis closed In great detail." Harmonious Bicycle. The latest thing "made in Germany" Is a "harmonious bicycle." This terri ble invention is constructed to grind out 600 tunes, and has been given the name of "II Trovatore." The contrivance Is fixed to the handle bar, is worked by the front wheel, and will play for an hour while the cyclist is pedaling at a speed of ten miles. Blog that Weigh« 1,024 Pounds. T. 11. Williams of Decatur, Ala, is said to own the largest hog In the world. It weighs 1,524 pounds, is 10 feet 2 Inches in length and 4% feet high. . Spanish Bullfights. The average number of horses killed in Spanish bull fights every year ex ceeds 5,000, while from L000 to L*00 bulla are sacrificed. as DOINGS OTWOnCN * »'•r. IDEAL MAN FOR A HUSBAND. talk -- i H AM often asked what kind of a ^ man a woman likes best, and I am ona( sure 1 have given as many differ- or ent answers as I have received ques-, j ce lions. But to-day I am reminded that. and women love genius at long range; that | ate in the they admire wealth and power as ex pressed by men who control the business world; that they are proud of the hom age of Intellect and rejoice in the adula tion of the famous. But when It comes to the choice of a man for a husband, If a woman has passed the Isle of Shoals that lies all along the way from youth up to her tweuty-fiftb year, she is very apt to send her affection like a dove to the strong, sure refuge of a sim ple man's breast Of course, he may embody In himself all these things. He may be a genius and hero und capitalist all In one. But I think you will agree with me that it is extremely unlikely. The angel strain would have to be left out of this com bination anyway. And that is more likely to be found In the simple, home ly, single-hearted man than anywhere else. He may not shine in society. But he will be calm and strong in the storms of life and the light tower of a home. He is the kind of a man who softens his big voice in the sick room, and who un dresses the babies by the fireside and plays "This little pig went to market" with their wee pink toes before he rocks them to sleep. He may not know one note of music from another. But to a woman who knows motherhood there is no sound in all the world so full of melody as the rough, low bellow that he sings over the nodding little heads under the impression that it Is a lullaby. The simple man is never an egotist. That a woman should love him Is a sur prise that keeps him happy all his days, and he wears her kiss over his heart that he may be kind and believing to ward all women for her sake. And he tolls for her without complaint, and shelters her beneath his love and knows no ambitions but to make her and her little ones happy. He is true from his heart outward. And the woman who wins his love Is sure that it will endure until the end of life.—Exchange. the old by RPIIT THP a Is a is 5% abY - - Babies are very fond of putting their fingers in their mouths, and, if not checked, ultimately acquire the habit of biting their nails. It has been found thnt to keep a baby's finger nails prop erly trimmed from birth is to prevent it from contracting the habit. It is always a purely nervous affection, and even after the habit has been formed tt may be speedily broken by regu larly but gently filing the little nails instead of cutting them with scissors. Something must be done every day to keep them short and smooth. Every time the wee hands are bathed the flesh should be pressed back from the base of the nail and the tip of the finger very firmly pressed on either side of it, thus beginning the tapering effect rightly considered a mark of beauty. Statua of Women. Dr. Adler predicted that a great change is coming about in the attitude of civilized society on this whole sub ject, its chief feature being an effort "to Inspire and Inform woman's life and take away the merely impulsive and empirical character of her acting." He attached a high value to domestic science and the study of child nature, as elements in the making of happy, healthy, and contented homes, for the great majority of women in the future, as in the past, must be home-keepers. "The home-keeper, however," conclud ed Dr. Adler, "must take part in the life of the world, not with an idea of merely getting away from home, from her tasks, that makes the gadabout woman, of whom we have enough ex amples to-day. But she will get out of society. Into the life of the world In order that she may improve and ele vate her home life. The wise woman is still the inspiration, the object of rev erence and the counselor of her chil dren when they are grown men and women."—Leslie's Weekly. Thinks of Other«. A little altruism in dress these days goes a long way toward cooling the burning path we have to tread. Being cool la no longer a subject for reason able and practical creatures to bother their brains about It la like trying to make ice out of glowing coals. But one can look cooler than one feels, and It is not only a duty to the public but to one's self. Don't wear colors If you can avoid it If you can't why stick to dull blue and light shades of purple. File your hair on top of your bead and buy spider-web stays, which are light enough to be worn under white shirt waists without a corset corai Don't ' talk heat. Don't hurry. Drink cool things slowly in sips, not In guipa Kumyss, buttermilk, iced tea and lern ona( j e are better than soda or ice water, or lce cold mllk Let the chIldren hav« j ce cream ever y day; It is- nourishing and cann ot hurt them if eaten In moder ate q Uan tities at a time. One sick baby in town lives on ice cream and sponge cake, and he is getting well, in spite of the heat Give« Her Life to the Poor. One of the most actively engaged women in England Is Helen Gladstone, the brilliant daughter of the late pre mier, Mr. Glad stone. She has consecrated her life to charitable work among the poor of London and Is at present warden of the Women's Univer sity settlement in the Southwork dis trict of the me tropolis. This dis trict is wretchedly MISS GLADSTONE, poor and here one of the most brilliant women in England and the former vice principal of Newnham College, Cam bridge, is devoting herself to the sick and suffering. During her distinguished father's later years on earth she was his con stant companion and to a large meas ure his confident. She transacted much of his correspondence. Their tastes were congenial and the "grand old man's" closing years were soothed by the attentions and ministrations of his favorite child. Why She Does Not Marry. A newspaper offered a prize recently for the best answer to the question, "What are the reasons that keep a woman from marrying?" A horrid, cynical male creature carried off one of the prizes with a list of sixteen "rea sons." Among them were: Her inability to make up her mind. The horror of being "given away." The unhappy results of most mar riages. The fascination of continuous flirta tion. The uncertain quality of a husband's temper. The glory of having never accepted a proposal. The scarcity of desirable, or even tol erable, men. Her satisfaction in saying "No," when she means "Yes." The saving in human life through ths absence of bad cookery. The objectionable clause In the mar riage service relating to obedience. Her natural unselfishness places ths happiness of the man she loves betör« her own, and she remains single. Hair Need« Kxerci«e. ' One reason why so many men art bald, according to a foreign medical journal, is because they allow their hair to die through want of exercise. Under the skin which covers the head are several muscles, it explains, and these are never stirred into activity, the result-being that they do not per* form their proper function, and conse quently the skin is Insufficiently nous* lshed and the hair gradually dies. "Women," it continues, "do not b» come bald, and the reason is becauss they spend much more time combing and arranging their hair than men do. During this operation the skin on ths head is stirred into activity, and as a result the muscles remain active and the hair flourishes. Except Hi« Mother. Folks all called him no account; Stamped him as a worthless loafer; Said he neTer would amount To a common striped gopher; And whate'er he might commit— So they vowed to one another— They'd not be surprised a bit (That is, all except his mother). Till a sudden crisis came Sacrifice and courage testing, Leaped to lips a hero's name. Laud from e'en the coldest w ie ati ng. And the chap thus signalized Was "that loafer," and no other! Then the folks all were surprised I (That is, all except his mother). —Good Housekeeping. New Portrait of Lady Arnold. This Is a new portrait of Lady Ar nold, who was Tama Kurokawa of Sendai, Japan, be fore her marriage to Sir Edwin In 1897. The author of "The Light of Asia" has just passed his seven tieth birthday. His first wife, who was the daughter of au English clergyman, died In 1864. LADT AUX OLD. A Ready Toneme. As a quick-witted young author was walking with a friend, a man came up behind him and gave him a resounding slap on the shoulder. The writer turn ed a surprised face toward the new comer, who said: "Look here, you must remember me, now don't you?" "I can't say I remember your face," re turned the young author» gravely, "but your manner is certalnlr familiar."