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MAP OF SCANDINAVIA AND FINLAND.
CtfVH AKCT 1C c/ e O' A. o r * IHU U2 O WRi KKtSTIAMIA <kul i * STOtKHOW L Y E.A Vj HTIUrtw SHADED PORTION SHOWS THE AREA AFFECTED BY FAMINE. Wooden Menagerie a Of an Ohio Man. f "Menagerie Farm," near Columbus, O., looks like a scene out of "Alice In "Wonderland." Hugh E. Jones is the owner and ope rator of the farm, and for years he has been hard at work with jackknife, saw and plane fashioning strange and wonderful creatures. Snakes that can not crawl, giraffes that have never looked behind them, wild boars with legs they can not bend and tails they dare not move, elephants with no taste for peanuts—such are the animals to been seen at Menagerie Farm. Mr. Jones frankly admits he Is re sponsible, but has no apologies to of fer. Although he has come within speaking distance of 80 years, he keeps right on whittling, sawing and plan ing, always adding animals to his menageries. When he wants an ele phant he does not correspond with his agents over seas. He hunts up a good thick stick for a body, a shapely root for a trunk, a smaller one for ft tall, srnall^ straight sticks for tusks and legs, some broad pieces for ears, and, going into his "studio" in the woodshed, soon turns out an elephant that cannot be bribed with a barrel of peanuts. To turn out a good, respec table looking snake requires a little more research, for roots shaped in snake fashion are not fourni every day. But once in hand, Mr. Jones can turn out of such a root a snake with more real characteristics than would be supposed. Mr. Jones read ily makes wild boars when lie lias the material. A body with no frills about It, a coal-scuttle-shaped snout, legs like a saw-horse, a pair of fanlike ears, a brace of wooden tusks and an apology for a tail and there it is. Giraffes are not hard, either; a little more root and patience, and there the beast Is, more or less life-like. But Mr. Jones lias not eon lined him self entirely to animals in his so-called artistic career. Occasionally he carves n man, and although lie cannot be said to have improved on the original de sign, ho has developed some points that might be desirable in the real ar ticle. One of his men is "Oom Paul," ptounted over the entrance to Menag erie Farm, lie Is associated with the American eagle and a plcbian rooster on lookout duty at the farm. The gate Is plainly labeled with the distance to Columbus and Loekbourne, in ad dition to other information about the postal service in that region. Mr. Jones gets almost as much fun out of his "farm" as do his visitors. In shirt sleeves and overalls the old man welcomes the visitors to Men agerle Farm and points out the differ ent animals scattered about over the lawn, relating the peculiarities and history of each. He allows the little ones to ride the wild boar, but draws the line at letting them climb the neck of the giraffe. Older persons are al lowed to sit on the baby elephant's back and fan themselves in the shade of the trees. Mr. Jones was born on board his father's ship when about three miles off Alexandria, Egypt, and he had an adventurous youth in t lu* Holy Land. That may hot be responsible for Me nagerie Farm, but the stories Mr. Jones tells of those days are interest ing. It is forty years since he came to America and set up his "farm" iu Ohio.—New York Tribune. STATE CHURCH OF RUSSIA. Obtaining a Strong Foothold Vari ous Ports ot tbe Continent. Russian orthodox churches in the United States are not as scarce as many people suppose. A new and handsome edifice for the use of the subjects of the Czar who have takep up their abodes here was dedicated in New York recently, a fact which indicates the Importance of Russian church mis sions in the East, an importance which has arisen In comparatively recent years and which has led to the provi sion of a residence of the Russian Bishop Tikhon iu New York for a large part of the year. When Alaska was a Russian possession the seat of the bishop was at Sitka, but with the sale of the territory to the United States the Russian garlson and officials went away and tbe orthodox church was left with but a handful of native adherents. Tba bishop moved bis residence to San ft a ! i ! j al- j i j iu Francisco, visiting from there the mis sions along the coast and occasionally coming to the east. Russian emigration to this country, while not large In members of the Rus sian church, has, nevertheless, brought to this country enough of them to form churches In a number of eastern manu facturing centers. These are In eburgo of missionary priests sent out from Russia, and Bishop Tikhon finds It nec essary to spend as much time In the east as the west. The church In New York was therefore built, money being subscribed In Russia for the purpose, In order that the church might have eastern headquarters. The building is of n distinctively Rus sian style and of a clinracter different from any other In New York. The audi torium is almost square and very high, extending Into a central dome 100 feet or more above the floor. A sanctuary screen from Russia Is to be placed be tween nave and chancel. The building adjoining the church Is the residence of the priest in charge and contains apartments for the bishop. THEIR ORIGIN IS PROSAIC. the of a Vehicles Now in Common Use Were Not Christened in Komnnee, Men who In these days "hire a hack" never stop to Inquire how the vehicle they engage to wheel them to their homes or to a depot got its name. It suftiees to know that everybody else «■alls it a hack, and to them it is sim ply Unit and nothing more. The orig inal hacks were termed hackney coach es because they were drawn by "hack neys," a name applied to easy-going, safe-pacing horses. ('«inch is derived from the French coche, a diminutive form of tin* I.atin oonehuln, a slit'll, in which shape the body of such conveyances was or iginally fashioned. Seldom, If ever, is tlie full tt>rin, "omnibus" appliisl to those heavy, lumbering vehicles found in so many large cities. With the characteristics brevity of English speaking races the title has been changed to ''hits." These were first seen in Paris In 1827 and the original name of omnibus is derived from the fact that It first ap peared on lh<' sides of each convey ance, being nothing more than the Lat in word signifying "for all." Cab Is an abbreviation of the Italian word eapriola, which Was changed to cabriolet In French. Both words have a common derivative cabriole signi fying a goat's leap. The exact reason for giving it this strange appellation is unknown, unless because of the light ness and springiness of the vehicle In its original form. In some instances the names of spe cial forms of carriages are derived from the titles of tlit- persons who In troduced them. The brougham was first tiseil by tlie famous Lord Broug ham, and William IV., who was orig inally tilt" Duke of Clarence, gave the latter name to Ills favorite conveyance. The popular hansom derives its name from its introducer, Mr. Hansen; and the tilbury, at one tint«* a very fnaliion able two-wheeled vehicle, was called from a sporting gentleman of the same name. Landau, a city in Germany, was the locality in which was first mad«* the style of vehicle hearing that name. Sulky, as appliisl to a wheeled con veyance, had its origin in the fact that when it first appeared the person who saw it considered that none hut a sulky, selfish person would ride in such an affair, which afforded accommoda tion to but one individual. The strange title was never changed. Coupe is French in origin, being de rived from the verb couper (eoopnyt, to cut. This was considered an appro priate designation because it greatly resembled a coacli with the front part cut off. The old-fashioned gig was given that name from its peculiar jumping and rocking motion, the word being from the French gigue, signifying jig or a lively dntie<\ a of a it Is Record lor Scot land. Scotland shipped 1 1.279,422 tons of coal last year, constituting a record. Electricity in Paris. Paris is supplied with electricity by seven different companies. A diplomat is u man who knows how to get what he wants without fighting for it. Never Judge a woman's mind bjr tha time it takes her to make it up. JEFFERSON DAVIS' OLD HOME. Beauvoir Mansion to Become a Retreat for Confederate Soldiers. In all the fair southland there Is not a place dearer to the hearts of the Southern people than Beauvoir, the late home of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States. This home was recently purchased by the sons of Confederate veterans and will soon be come a home for Impoverished Confed erate veteran soldiers. Beauvoir is the most beautiful and imposing place on the Gulf coast. It was settled and improved by James Brown, a wealthy planter, who was lav ish in the expenditure of his abundant means in building and beautifying his home. Oaks, cedars and magnolias vie with each other in adding charm, and the long, gray moss fills in any little details that are lacking. The mansion, as it was termed, is as good as it was the day it was built, over GO years ago. A gallery 80 feet long and 14 Vi feet wide borders the building In front and on the sides, and ends in wings that IIOMK OF JEFFERSON' DAVIS. are entered through tall Venetian doors. The hall is 10 feet wide and opens at the rear on a wide gallery, on which the wings also-open. The room to the right as the hall is entered from the front was Miss Winnie's room. What a Mecca this room will be for the veter ans, and how they will cherish every thing that belonged to the "Daughter of the Confederacy." Equally distant from the mansion, east and west, are quaint little cot tages. Originally there was only one room In each, surrounded on the four sides by wide galleries. Later one and two sides have been Inclosed, giving two additional rooms. It Is about the east cottage that the principal interest centers, for it was in this that Mr. Da vis studied and wrote, and where Miss Winnie did much of her early literary work. The main room of this cottage was Mr. Davis' private library. The walls are lined with book shelves, and a little gallery runs along the upper shelves. This was reached by a small ladder. Near the fireplace Is where Mr. Davis' desk stood, and the door beside it Is spattered with ink thrown from his pen when he was writing his book. "The Rise and Fall of tbe Coufedemte Government." Tlie east room lias been enclosed, and in this room tlie chieftain was wont to recline and rest on a sofa. Back of this was a tiny room where Miss Winnie wrote, it is a real girl's den, and is yet quite characteristic of the former fair occupant. The west cottage was occupied by Mrs. Hayes, the older daughter, and her children when visiting her parents. The Beauvoir home was bequeathed by will to Jefferson Davis by Mrs. Sarah Anna Dorsey, of Louisiana. JUDGE PETER S. GROSSCUP. He Granted an 1 njunction Asain*t t he Beef '* rust. Judge Peter S. Grosscup. of Chicago, Is one of the powers of the Western Judiciary. lie Is looked up to with re spect by the inferior jurists and Ids in terpret at ions of Federal laws as a 1'ni ted States Circuit Court Judge are ac cepted as authority. Hence his deci sion in the beef trust case is interest ing and important. The puckers had entered a demurrer. This was overruled by the Chicago Judge, who granted a temporary injunction and renders tills opinion; "There can be no doubt that tlie agreement of tlie defendants to refrain from bidding against each other in the purchase of cattle Is combination in re JL'DOE FETER S. UROSSCl'D. strnint of trade; so also is their agree ment to hid up prices to stimulate ship ments, intending to cease from HiiUliug when the shipments have arrived. "The same «'suit follows when we turn to the combination of defendants to tlx prices upon and restrict the quan tities of meat shipped to their agents or their customers. Such agreement can he nothing less than restriction upon com petition, and therefore combination in restraint of trade; and, thus viewed, the petition, as an entirety, makes out a ease under the Sherman net. "It may be true that the way of en forcing any decree under this petite n Is beset with difficulties, and that a lit eral enforcement may result In vexa tious Interference with defendant's af fairs. But, In the inquiry before me. I am not at liberty to stop before such considerations. The Sherman act, as interpreted by the Supreme Court, is tbe law of the land, and to the law as It stands, both court and people must yield obedience." Most meu can stand a disappo ment in love better than the loss n dollar. ; ; 1 a ion go In up the to of in to of I I a a n I is ; ; CURATIVES WORK IN CIRCLES. 3 ! 1 "Don't believe this stuff will do me a bit of good, doctor," grumbled the pa tient "Then," retorted the man of science, with some asperity, "don't take It. Medicine never does any good when taken under protest; the digestive or gans will reject Its curative properties." Which was one honest expert opin ion on the efficacy of even "yarb tea" plus faith. It is odd to note the sta tistics concerning the sale of the va rious curatives all over the world. They go on in spots. The amount of quinine sold annually In this country Is tremendous, running up into hundredweights and tons. In China ginseng Is the almost universal cure-all among high and low. They take It as a springtime tonic as we do sarsaparilla, and in cases of emergency the coolie dusses will make tremen dous sacrifices to obtain the better qualities of the drug, so says the American consul at Tien-Tsin. There are various qualities of It at various prices, but the most highly valued Is the native ginseng, which grows wild in the vicinity of Kirim. This sells from 200 to 600 tlmos its own weight in silver. It of course comes within the reach of only the very wealthy, but cheaper qualities are imported from Japan, Korea aud Amer ica. The finest American ginseng Is In creasing in popularity, and may be pur chased at $1 an ounce. Much of that from Korea Is smuggled into China. The Chinese ascribe wonderful cura tive properties to this root—another Il lustration of the very humanly Inter esting problem of healing. Medicine seems to be a little like the bright glass ball of the hypnotist—of little value in itself, but a tremendous means to an end, In that It concentrates the mind upon what Schopenhauer calls the "will to live," thus working a cure by round about methods—a kind of autohyp notism, as It were. So what matters the composition of the glass ball, pro vided It be harmless, whether of flour and water or ginseng or quinine? MODESTY AND TITLES OF HONOR. Few Entitled to Uee "Esquire"—Kn Klish View of Practice. Can we not come to some working agreement on the use of the suffix "esquire?" From dictionaries you may make up a list of the people wjio are entitled to It—the eldest sons of knights, and their eldest sons In per petual succession and so ou to justices of the peace and bachelors of law. But in modern practice it may be said that every one who wears a collar Is ad dressed as "esquire." Y'et there is a curious modesty among Englishmen. Scores of stamped and addressed en velopes lie upon our table every day (in case of rejection), says the London Chronicle. The superscription Is In variably plain John Smith or George Robinson. There are two courses open to us. We must write "esquire" after John Smith's naked name, or we must accept the hint and suppress a suffix which curr.ent misuse has made value less. A correspondent writes; "I am one of those persons who occasionally send ,vou contributions with an addressed cover in case of rejection; and though I tun legally entitled to one of the min or titles of honor, 1 always address to my 'naked name' and do not expect you to add anything. I do this be cause it is unbecoming to brandish one's self titles that others properly give one, Thus l talk of the lord chan cellor, but that dignitary signs him self merely 'Halsbury,' .C.' A barris ter Is by convention always 'learned' as an officer is 'gallant:' but neither would so describe himself on his cards. I once tried to persuade a lord mayor of London that lie should not himself use the word 'Lord,' though others should so style him, and 1 quoted the example of the lord chancellor. I was unsuccessful, but lie was a little shak en when I pointed out that his official decrees were headed simply 'Jones, mayor.' I have always doubted the propriety of a clergyman styling him self 'reverend;' and have been sure of Its'impropriety ever since the court's decided (In the case of the noncon formist minister's tombstone) that 'reverend' was not a title of honor, but merely a laudatory epithet." - Value of Sea Lettuce. The so-called sea lettuce (ulva latis slma) grows luxuriously in the shallow parts of Belfast harbor, where the wa ter is almost constantly polluted by sewage, and often drifts ashore In thick layers, wliero It rots during the summer and autumn and becomes a se rious nuisance. The decomposition is so like animal putrefaction that inves tigations were begun by Prof. Letts. It was found that the dry weed con tains ns much as 6.2 per cent of nitro gen. corresponding to 68 per cent of al buminoids, which is very high for a plant. Briugiug the lettuce, before and after its fronds had developed, in contact with polluted sea water, it was observed that the nitrogenous matter —ammonia and nitrates contained in sewage—was absorbed from the sea water to which it was added In five hours. The sea lettuce would thus ap pear to be capable of acting as a scavenger. There are other seaweeds and fresh water plants, including an algo, capable of absorbing ammonia, and It was hence suggested that these weeds might be utilized as purifying agents, either alone or for a final treat ment of the effluent from some ordi nary sewage process before that ef fluent is allowed to pass into Um riv era or estuaries. I I A I THE WORD THAT HOLDS. I saw him peering through the bars, His eyes were small and red; His face was marred by many scars, And was a thing to dread. His lips were coarse, his nose was flat, Hia jaw waa wide and square; Hie brow was low beneath a mat Of stiff and tangled hair. I drew away from where he stood. Remembering shamefully The ancient ties of brotherhood He still might claim with me. With only hatred in my heart, I watched him where he swayed. And wished him evil for the part . I knew he must have played. A scream rang down the corridor, And then a woman hurled Herself before the grated door That barred him from the world. As if touched by a wizard's wand, I ceased to see the knave, But saw a child clutch at her hand As if she still could save. I heard him sobbing "mother"—then Hot tears fell where I stood— One word God gave to hold all men In the ties of brotherhood. The Colonel's Stenographer F RANK DUDLEY hadn't been In the office two weeks when Col. Houghtellng started for Europe. Honghteling & Dudley, attorneys at law, was the style of the firm, but aB Frank was just out of law school, and as the Colonel already had an Immense and Important practice, everybody knew that the junior member didn't cut much of a figure so far as the busi ness went. But Dudley could afford to wait. Rich in his own right, with yet greater expectations, 29 years old, a so ciety pet. handsome and capable, he had little reason to expect to be 'measured by the strict exactions placed upon less fortunate beginners. Then Col. Hough teling was an old friend of the family, apt to be a partial critic and a willing mentor to his new partner. "Well, I will be saying good-by," said IS ■ ^ 1 TAKING THE FIRST LETTER. the Colonel, when he was ready to start, "there's nothing much to be done, yon know. We need a stenographer; you can attend to that." "Wliat kind shall I get?" asked Frank. "Oh, get a good one—twenty a week ought to get a first-class one." "Man or woman?" "Oh, get a girl, Frank. Get a good looker, one with sense and a bit of style —by the way, that reminds me. Mrs. Blaisdell, Judge Blaisdell's Widow, said something about getting a place for her daughter. They're awfully poor and you might look her up. Good family, you know, and all that. If the girl has half the talent of her mother she ought to do, and I guess she'll be all right on looks, That's nil. Good-by, Frank. Don't worry. I'll be back in four weeks at the latest." So Frank Dudley sat down alone and Indited a little note to Mrs. Blaisdell, mentioning the firm's need of a stenog rapher and suggesting that Miss Blais dell, if she cared for the place, might call about 10 In the forenoon. Dudley was hardly prepared for the visitor, who sat In the reception room in the morning. She was tall, a young Juno In physique, radiant gray eyes, with long lashes that darkened them, light-brown hair that hung in unusual profusion about her shapely ears and shone in lustrous contrast with the black lace of her hat. Her manner was confidently modest and properly posi tive as she rose with a half smile, came toward him, and with a tiny engraved card in her extended hand said; "Mr. Dudley?" He bowed, glancing at the card and wondering at the singular beauty of her large, shapely hand, and answered: "Yes, Miss Blaisdell. Will you step in here?"' He led her into his private office, raised the window, lowered the shade and sat down opposite her, his eyes fixed upon her extraordinary eyes. She looked at him with the frank expect ancy of a well-bred young woman of business, but he was silent for quite a minute. "T came about the place, Mr. Dud ley," she began. "Mamma showed me your letter. It was very kind of you and Col. Houghtellng to think of us." "Can you write shorthand and—do you wish the position, Miss Blaisdell?" He asked the question as If he feared she might say "No," but when she said, "Oh, I want to so badly, Mr. Dudley!" he could not suppress au answering smile of Ingenuous satisfaction. "We're dreadfully poor, you know," she went on, pulling her chair closer and sitting in an atitude naively confi dential. "It will be lovely for me to be with friends—that Is, the gentlemen who knew papa. It's my first position, and—and, you'll be patient with me at first, won't you, Mr. Dudley?" And so they came to terms. 8be might do much as she pleased tfll tha Colonel came home, he said; he waa a beginner himself, and bla correspond ence was very light—as yet He even helped her make ready her desk, show ed her the little closet where she might hang her hat, and then he tried to think of some unanswered letter or some business unattended, some excuse for "trying out" the new stenographer. A letter to his father furnished the only chance he could think of, and he coughed two or three times, fidgeted with his collar and—actually blushed before be could summon nerve enough to say: "Will you take a letter, please. Miss Blaisdell?" He asked it as if be were asking a favor, and he felt that be was. It seemed a trifle presumptu ous for him to thus command so beauti ful a creature. She came over with ber paper and pencil and looked Into bis eyes with almost feverish Interest, watching his lips as be spoke tbe hesi tating words, smiling delightfully at the little Jokes and banterings with which he Interspersed the letter to his father In Boston. It wasn't a very long letter, but the noon bell was ringing before it was fin ished, and he bade her go to her lunch and "don't hurry back." As for him, he went to club, as usual, and at ft o'clock, when he returned, Miss Blais dell was sitting in her place, cooler, handsomer, more gracious than ever. The typewritten letter and addressed envelopes were on his desk. He picked them up with no intention of severe criticism, but he could not help admir ing the perfect workmanship, the taste ful spacing, the accurate punctuation. She had even changed, and he thought Improved, his style and manner of ex pression. He looked up and smiled when he saw that she was watching him with anxious curiosity. "Do you think I'll do?" she asked, with a blush that seemed to enhance the perfect beauty of her animated face. "Do?" he answered with pleased sur prise. "It's perfect. We're lucky to get you, Miss Blalsdell." And so matters went while Col. Houghtellng was abroad, though Frank transacted little business, and half ef the letters he dictated were wholly un necessary. Try as he might, he was al ways finished with his dictations in the forenoon, and In the afternoon his let ters, always an improvement upon hia own language, were ready on his desk. But the very first day after the Colo nel's return the idyllic charm of Miss Blaisdell's presence was disturbed. He bolted to her desk and hurriedly dic tated a letter. "Give me the typewrit ten copy at once!" he blurted, rushing out. When he was gone Frank stole a glance at the girl. There were tears In her noble eyes, her hand was trembling and the quiver of a suppressed sob was about the matchless mouth. "Don't mind him, Catherine—Miss Blalsdell," he said; "he doesn't mean to be rude; he's rushed, he's-" "Oh, it isn't that," she said, coming over and whispering; "1 ought to haver told you, but I was so anxious to stay, I was afraid you'd discharge me, but. Mister Dudley, I—I'm very—I can't read my own shorthand! I-" "How on earth did you do my letters, then, Miss Catherine?' How-" "I took them over to tlie shorthand, school at noon, and—oh, I know it was deceitful, but I thought I'd learn fast enough to be ready for tile Colonel, and —now he'll find me out." Her band, that large, white, appeal ing hand was on the arm of his chair, and he took it In his, a daring yet scared look in his eyes as he looked Into hers, and said: "Catherine, I—I've been intending to —to discharge you for the last week; in fact since the first day I saw you." She stood up and let him hold her hands, smiling now through her tears, as he whispered: "I think 1 can 'square things' with the Colonel now, Kate."—Chicago Record Herald. In Savage Lands. Traveling in Portuguese Africa \r thus described by a recent writer: "As soon as one gets into the Interior there is nil absence of roads and a great paucity of government military sta tions or trading posts. The country is slightly policed. The consequehee is that the negro bearer who carries his rubber has a long, dangerous, difficult, journey and is robbed of a portion of his stock from time to time; and when he returns to his village if his chief be Informed that there is small-pox on the coast he is likely to be summarily shot by his own people. They have simple but very effective quarantine methods among tlie natives in Africa." The dangers of travel in Tripoli are thus described by United States Con sul-General Skinner of Marseilles; "There is always more or less risk In volved In traveling. Mr. Dodson wa* accompanied by two Zeptias, sent by the governor-general, his own assistant, a head Arab and five others. They nar rowly escaped being ambushed by a wandering tribe. This danger Is more remote at Cyrene, as the authority of the government is acknowledged along the coast. However, It is always well to be provided with good, light sporting rifles." Home Cooking. A number of ladies began to discuss the virtues of their respective hus bands, when every other topic was worn threabare. "My husband," said one, "never drinks and never swears—indeed, he has no bad habits." "Does he ever smoke?" some one asked. "Yes, be likes a cigar Just after he has eaten a good meal. But I suppose on an average he doesn't smoke more than once a week." Some of her friends laughted, bnt she didn't seem to understand.— Tit-Bits.