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B 0 S the S ed Economical Fertilizing. There are many farms throughout the country whose owners cannot af ford to fertilize them heavily or even ; to give them the quantity needed to i keep them In fnlr condition. As a re- ; suit, such farms are running down be cause the crops consume more fertiliz ing material than Is supplied by the farmer; In other words, the crops are drawing too heavily upon the stored up fertility of the soil Just as men sometimes draw too heavily on the stored-up or surplus vitality of their bodies. Any soil to do the work required of It should be fertilized so that it will be as nearly fertile after the crop is taken from it as it was before, hence fertilizers must be supplied in excess of the needs of the growing crop. To bring up a rundown farm is not an easy task, especially when one is ham pered in the free use of fertilizing material, but it may be done and in expensively by the combination of green manures, commercial fertilizers, stable manure and tillage. Rely mainly on the legumes such as cow peas, crimson clover and the vel vet bean for humus and nitrogen; use stable manure scattered thinly over the ground, and for commercial fer tilizers use mainly those richest in potash and phosphoric acid. Supple ment these fertilizers by frequent and thorough tillage and the farm will gradually improve. In growing any crop one should have all the knowl edge possible of what plant food that crop will take from the soil In the greatest quantities, and in fertilizing apply that particular food in excess of the needs of the crop at least to the extent that is taken from the soil. This is a complex study, but one which surely needs close attention, for upon it depends largely the future re sults from the farm. Clever for Logging. A very convenient logging arrange ment for use in the wood lot in the winter time is a travoy. It is made of ! two crooked tree trunks about 5 or 0 lr clios in diameter, ti feet long. The crooked ends are bolted together, as ' shown In the cut. The bent or bolster Is bolted about two-thirds of the way back. This piece should be strong and nested a little in the center to form a hollow for the log to rest in. The log is held on by a chnin, which is booked around one end of the bolster at a, passed over the log and under the bolster at the other side of the tra\oy. From there it is carried over the front crosspiece, b, then under the ciook at the point, c. To. load the travoy, it is laid bottom up on top of the log, or leaned against Its side, according to convenience. The chain Is put into place and the team hitched on, drawing sideways. This turns the travoy over and the log conies up on top. The team is then unhitched, the chain passed through Är» HAULING LOUS MADE EASY. under the point and rehitched to the •double tree and the log is loaded ready to haul to the skid way.— H. L. Smith, lu Farm and Home. Nail Punctures. We are frequently asked the best treatment to pursue for nail wounds In the foot of a horse, says an exchange. When the nail has been removed, fol low the puncture through the sole or frog to the soft tissues, then fill the cavity with a solution made of equal parts of gum camphor and carbolic acid and pack with cotton. This treatment should be repeated dally until recov ery Is complete. Where this treatment Is promptly and properly carried out nail wounds In the foot of the horse rarely result In abscess and suppura tion. Where abscess of the foot has occurred remove all loose horn and dress with cotton saturated with the solution given. The cotton should be held In place by a bandage around the foot. Humus In in the Orchard. It Is Important to preserve humus In the soil where there Is humus, and to supply it where there is no humus. Humus has a value distinctive from that of the fertility it contains. It holds moisture in and holds some forms of fertility. To increase ft in the or chard grow legumes of some sort and plow them under. Not only does the cultivator thus Increase the humus in the soil, but the nitrogen is Increased as it is caught from the air by these plants. Some follow the practice of not plowing or spading under the green crop, but of mowing and leaving it on the ground. But this Is an inferior way of getting the good of the decaying bumua The air must in that case rob if let it is as to it at to to A ly so of or it an the crop mown of a part of Its fertility, especially the volatile portions. More over the roots in the ground cannot get hold of this decaying vegetation and tye see little chance of their bene fiting by it. We believe that the crop should be turned under. The soil will then grow more perfect in mechanical structure and the roots will always be able to get into touch with the humtia and the fertility and moisture contain ed in it.—Farmer's Review. ; i ; ! ' How to Harvest Clover. The proper way to harvest clover is the proper way and there is but one proper way. In the first place do not cut it too green, nor allow it to get too ripe. When about half the top blooms get ripe and brown and some of the leaves begin to brown then it Is the time to cut it for hay If the weather is dry; otherwise let it stand a few days longer—for its better to let it grow than to get It wet in the swathe. It does not ripen fast in rainy weather, but continues to grow. Do not begin mowing until the dew has gone off In the morning. Never cut it when wet—or the hay will be damaged. It is best to cut for only a few hours and if the clover is not un usually heavy it can be raked late In the afternoon in windrows and shock ed, when it can stand several days be fore stacking. This is the best way, if the weather is favorable, as the hay cures brighter and better. Otherwise let it stand in the windrow and sprend out the next day to cure, and stack in the afternoon. By putting it in the windrow it saves it from getting wet by the d^w, which is almost as bad on It as a rain. Should it rain on it, spread out and dry thoroughly—never stack it green, as it will mold. Remember to have it cured as thoroughly as it Is practicable to handle it without the leaves falling off. A gallon or two of salt to the load sprinkled over it at the time of stack ing improves it in color and prevents it molding. It should be stacked in the barn, or, if outdoors, covered with straw or something that will turn wa ter. If there are weeds in it, more time will be required to cure It. Never put it In the stack until the stems are dry enough that you can't wring water out of them. The hay should rattle.— Missouri^ and Arkansas Farmer and Frultman. The Rtockjr Wyandota. In several-Eastern states the Wynn dots lead in popularity, as shown by their great majority in the entries at poultry shows, I: says a writer in Farm and Home. They are good i layers, have light plumage in the 1 I buff and white va .. 1 rietles, and are 1 -îSJai *v heavy enough to make good market wya.nDut cocklkel poultry. The blocky build, as shown in the Illustra tion, gives compactness, abundance of breast meat, and a weight greater than the apparent size. In the at tempt to produce extra large speci mens for the show room, some breed ers have developed a more rangy type at the expense of one of the most practical qualities of the breed; Its blockiness, which also goes with early maturity of growth, and adaptation to the broiler business. Farm Notes. Asparagus tops should be cut oft close to the ground and burned. The soil should then be covered with rot ten manure. This fall treatment will help to prevent the rush next year and to Insure an early growth of grass. A spring dressing of nitrate of soda will be an additional help. Lime, sulphur and salt make a dead ly mixture for scale inserts in climates so dry that the coating will not wash off. In the California climate this wash slowly decomposes and gives off poisonous vapors, which destroy the Insects under it. Rains spoil this ef fect and leave on the trees only a coat of ordinary whitewash. Trenching is done in Ireland In this manner: Remove the top soil from a strip one yard wide and a foot deep; then spade the subsoil well and spread plenty of manure over It; throw the top soil from the next row on the sur face soil of the first, and sow for seed until the whole plot has been trenched. It will produce heavy crops for several years. A barn or stable should be kept be tween fifty and sixty degrees tempera ture in order to derive the best re sults. In some cases this cannot be conveniently done, but as the animal heat is about ninety degrees, the tem perature of the stable will have more or less influence on the quantity of food required, and hence, the warmer it can be made in the stable in winter the better. It is sometimes cheaper to restore an old orchard than to plant a new one and wait for the young trees to grow. This may be done by Judicious pruning and removing all of the dead wood, then manuring the ground in the fall and applying fertilizers in the spring. The manure must be used liberally, first lightly stirring the surface soil and then applying the manure, which should be well worked in when tp-ing opens. SAVED BY CANINE CHUM. j Brainy Dog Knew What to I)o for Hia Miatreas. Miss Bertha Anderson is the teacher of the Hazel district school, about five miles from Trenton, N. .1., and she has * dog, Teddy, which she counts of a good deal more value than a dozen bowing, scraping beaux. The dog is of jie shepherd breed and loves the teach er fondly. He is her constant com panion and has been trained to per form many interesting tricks. When she took charge of the Hazel district school site brought her dog with her and he accompanied her to school ev ery morning and remained with her during the day. Teddy quickly made friends with the pupils, with whom he played during noontime and the recess hours. Miss Anderson boards with the fam ily of James Ilalloway, a farmer who lives about a mile from the school house. One day Miss Anderson was obliged to remain at the school house after her pupils had been dismissed for the purpose of making out her report. Teddy, of codtse, remained with her. It was growing dark when the teacher had finished lier work, and In her hur ry to get her wraps from the cloak room she accidentally closed the door, which fastened with a spring lock. To her chagrin, she found herself shut in the small apartment with no way of getting out. The key to the door was in her desk, and the prospect of stay ing there until the children arrived In the morning stared her in the face. She didn't relish the situation and It was especially trying because she had an appetite sharpened for supper. There wasn't so much as a chair to sit on in tlie closet and the teacher was planning how she would make herself comfortable, when her attention was attracted by tha dog scratching on the door. She couldn't let the animal In and she did her best to pacify him by talking to him through the door; but Teddy evidently realized that his mis tress was in trouble, and the more she talked to him the more • igorously he scratched at the door. Finally It occurred to the teacher that she might test Teddy's iutelllgence. She had a visiting card in her pocket and with a pencil she wrote on the card as well as she could in the dark: "Am locked in the school house. Come." She shoved the card through the crack at the side of the door and at tracted the dog's attention to it. "Teddy, Teddy,'' said she, "take it, take it, sir.'' The dog took the card between his teeth and pulled It out. "Go home! Go borne, Teddy! Go right away!'' cried the teacher, stamp ing her foot to emphasize the com maud. It was the only resort left to her. She had little hope that the dog would understand her, but when she heard a crash of glass she knew that he had jumped through a window and then she waited. Farmer Halioway's family was seat ed at the super table, says a special in the Philadelphia Record, wondering why the teacher was so late when there was a scratching at the kitchen door. Teddy bounced In with the teacher's card between ids teeth. The message it bore was quickly read and In less than a half-lionr the imprisoned school lencher was liberated. Teddy had broken through a win dow, but the expense was forgotten in the teacher's Joy at being saved from a night in the dark, cheerless cloakroom. Iridium, which costs f780 per pound, is the hardest metal known. Germany's annual consumption of beer works out at over thirty-six gal lons per head of populatitm. While one-half of a chrysanthemum plucked at Wallsend, Northumberland, is pure white, the other half is of a heliotrope shade. Barnum brought Jumbo to this coun try in April, 1882; the animal was kill ed by a train at St Catharine's, Ont., in September, 1885. Damascus Is undoubtedly the oldest existing city In the world. Benares and Constantinople, exclusive of Chi nese towns, come next in point of age. A perfect skeleton of the mastodon has been unearthed in a clay bed at Grove City, O. The tusks are about twelve feet long, and the well-worn teeth show that the animal was an old one. The brain of a child at birth weighs under ten ounces, but at the end of a year has increased to two pounds. Full growth Is attained by men at about 20 years of age, and by women at 18 yeara. Plaster of parla is given the hardness and durability of stone, according to a German writer, by a solution of boric acid in hot water with the addition of sufficient ammonia water to redissolve the borate at first separated. The liquid is used with the plaster for casting in the usual way, or is applied as a wash to articles already cast. Leaves of a plant alleged to drive away mosquitoes have reached Eng lish botanists from Africa. The pres ence of a single plant is stated to clear a room of the pest, and an Infusion of the leaves has been found an effective substitute for quinine in the treatment of mosquito-conveyed malarial fever. The plant proves to be a kind of basil. Oeymum vlride. Tha electric-resistance furnace made by Heraedus of Hanau, Germany, de pends upon the Incandescence of a spiral of fine platinum wire. In an Improved and cheapened form of the furnace, the wire has a thickness ol only l-3500th of an Inch, and the glass tube around which the spiral is wound can be heated to 1700 deg. C., this be ing as great a temperature as any tubes now produced can stand. Such furnaces are found useful for deter mining melting points, organic chemi cal analysis and other purposes. In organic analysis the spiral of wire en circling the glass combustion tube Is cut up into several sections, each with Its own current connections, so that successive portions of the tube can be heated as desired. Heat loss is les sened, with corresponding increase in the chemist's comfort. PNEUMONIA. More Contagious than Tuberculosis, and Kills More People. We wonder if the fact that patients and their friends ignore the conta giousness of pneumonia is often due to professional negligence? An exagger rated conception of the contagiousness of tuberculosis is held by the lay world, hut pneumonia is, of course, far more contagious. And patients and profession alike have not realized the new fact that the mortality of pneumonia is in some cities and parts of ttie country higher than that of tuberculosis. Dr. Reynolds, of Chica go. returns to this lesson and empha sizes the necessity of the following measures: Pneumonia is a highly contngious disease, the cause of which is a micro organism in the sputa of those suffer ing from the malady, and contracted by inhaling this germ. Therefore, the same care should be taken to collect and destroy the sputa that is taken In pulmonary tuberculosis, or in diph theria or influenza. During the illness the greatest pains should be taken to prevent soiling bed clothing, carpets or furniture with sputa, and after the illness the pa tient's room should be thoroughly' cleansed and ventilated. The fact that the disease is most prevalent in the winter season, when people are most crowded together and live much of the time in badly venti lated apartments, makes obvious the necessity of thorough ventilation of houses, offices, factories, theaters, churches, passenger cars, and other public places, in order that the air which must be breathed may be kept clean and free from infectious matter. Laymen should be taught not to be afraid of a patient who has pneu monia, influenza, or tuberculosis, but to be afraid of lack .of cleanliness about him during his illness, or fail ure to enforce prophylactic measures and of close, badly ventilated apart ments during the season when these diseases most prevail. Since pneumonia la most fatal at the extremes of life—the young and the aged—special care should be taken to guard children and old persons against exposure to the Infection of those already suffering with the dis ease and against cold, privation and exposure to the weather, which are po tent, predisposing causes.—American Medicine. OHIO MAN IS EVERYWHERE. There are fully as many natives of the State of Ohio residing outside of the State of their birth as are to bo found by the census enumerators within its borders. At least 1,250,000 have sought more congenlnl surround ings and now look upon the Buckeye State with feelings of more or less in difference. No other State has such a record, enviable or unenviable as it may be regarded. New York and Pennsylvania have a much larger population than Ohio, but neither State contributes so much to the population of other States as Ohio. Nearly 200,000 of Ohio natives live in Indiana.140,000 in Illinois and 90,000 In Michigan. Kansas has 90,000, Iowa 90.000, Missouri 80,000, Pennsylvania 00,000, New York 30,000, Colorado, 25, 000, California 35,000 and Washington 20 . 000 . There are 10,000 Ohio natives living iti Texas, 5,500 in Massachusetts, 7,000 in Montana, 15,000 in Oklahoma, 700 in Alaska and 4,300 in Washington, the national capital. Ohio men are dis tributed throughout the country so generally that there is no State in which they are not to be found in con siderable numbers and usually taking an Important part in its public and bus iness affairs. Ohio is not so populous a State as Illinois, but at the time of the last Federal enumeration It had a larger number of persons In the military and naval service of the United States than its more populous neighbor. It lias more of its natives in Hawaii than Pennsylvania and Is practically the only Western State which has contrib uted much to the population of New England. Ohio men are to lie found everywhere in the United States, whether near or far from home. Question Not Answered. "I haven't seen your cashier for sev eral days past." "No; he's gone out of town." "Ah! Gone for a rest, eh?" "We haven't found out yet whether he's gone for a rest or to escape it."— Stray Stories. Where His Heart Wan. Tom—"When you offered that rich Miss Bullyon your hand I don't believe your heart was In* it." Bob—"No, you're right. It was in my mouth."—Philadelphia Bulletin. The man who finds fault with a gift is a pessimist beyond redemption. & V* K I --vD twirls Make Money nt Home. I once heard a girl complaining that her country life precluded auy possi bility of making money, so I told her about another country girl who made a comfortable living and helped to a great extent in her younger sisters' and brothers' education. Tills enter prising young woman lived in a pretty house which in summer was covered with trailing vines. She noticed that the boxes of flowers received by her city cousins and friends did not con tain any greenery, ferns or large leaves, so she set to work on her new Idea. Through iter city friends she obtained the addresses of some of the leading florists and a few weeks later found her supplying three of them regularly with Virginia creepers, ber ry leaves and wandering Jew. To lier greenery enterprise she added the vio let culture and she is now clearing $000 a year, plus perfect health, which has been the result of her out-of-door work. It does not follow, of course that every country girl lives in vine-covered houses or lias tastes or talents in the flower direction, but there are other fields, if not so remunerative as violet culture. One young woman raised mushrooms, another gathered nuts, and still unother made delicious Jams and preserves for which she was for tunate to get some private orders. The dntighter of a country doctor was a clever horsewoman. At the death of her father she was ambitious to take ids place as far as possible in the sup port of her family. So she very promptly wrote to one or two promi nent horse dealers, offering her ser vices at a very reasonable salary. They were accepted nnd she betook herself to the great city. Her work was to exercise the ladies' horses daily l»y jumping them, riding to hounds, etc. Site earned a living for herself and was able to save something, and oc casionally when site was fortunate enough to sell a horse for her em ployer the size of her pocketbook in creased in proportion to the littéral per centage she received. There are, really, girls, more ways nnd means than you would realize un til you begin to think about it; I nienn to think In nn intelligent way by put ting your minds in a positive attitude. Negative minds and thoughts repel; positive ones attract the element scat tered about In the atmosphere which only need to be taken In and utilized. Try It for yourselves and see the re sult.—Mrs. 8. Carpenter in American Queen. An Attractive Shirt-Waist Suit. II \ A short skirt is plaited into the yoke. Tlie plaits are stitched down at the top and are allowed to flare below the knees. There is nn insertion of heavy Torchon or Renaissance lace, or heavy embroidery above the hem. The same trimming is used In two bands on the front of the waist. Fullness is given to the waist by two plaits stitched on tlie shoulders. The collar and cuffs are of linen, edged with lace or em broidery to match the insertion. A fancy stock Is worn. Joys of Mature Life. To advancing years there are nt least a few compensations, and there are some pleasures belonging to ma ture life which the young cannot en joy. "Poor girls!" said Grannie B„ as lier granddaughters were starting for a ball In a state of nervous excite ment much more resembling pain than pleasure. "How much more comfort able it is to sit beside this nice fire in one's easy chair, with a good novel, than to go out on this freezing night not knowing what sort of time you will have. The chances are that you will return home declaring that you had a very stupid dauce, while I will have had a most delightful evening. No, my dears, I do not envy you at all; as far as actual pleasure is con cerned, I think I have the best of it!" The enjoyment of what Is called comfort, and that ail pervading feel ing of well-being which comes with its realizing sense, Is one of the pre rogatives of maturity. An American Woman. Go where one will, he sees women whose ati're suggests that they are a aort of animated upholstery. The more colors, the more glaring the contrasts, the greater seems to be their satisfac tion. Take the summer resorts for in --vD stance. While there Is a decided move» ment toward simplicity in these places the vulgarity which lias long been bo harshly criticised is still very much in evidence. Women who would look winsome in simple, suitable frocks, stalk about in costumes that are an abomination to the aesthetic eye. In town the case is not otherwise. In the drnwing-room, at the theater, wherever one happens to be, gowns literally flash upon the eye. Women who could easily command admiration draw ridicule upon themselves. And this because they insist on disregard ing tlie golden rule of dress, "Simplic ity." "Simplicity," cried Thoreau. wlicn lie was preaching his gospel of life. "Simplicity," cries Mrs. Yerkes, and every one else who really under stands the gospel of dress. Women are gradually eschewing the fripperies in which' their remote ancestors glo ried, thus showing a partial grasp of the essentials of dress.—Exchange. Chat and Comment. In Bucharest, Roumanla, women per form some of the severest forms of la bor. They mix the mortar and carry it, as well as the bricks, to the topmost stories of buildings in course of con struction. There is one great branch of the gov ernment service where woman has yet to enter. That Is tjie railway mail ser vice. There are about 25,000 employe* in this branch of the postal department. A famous statesman on being asked what he considered the greatest type of beauty in woman replied: "The woman who is beautiful and does not know it, and the homely woman who by her in telligence and graceful bearing make* you forget it." The most valuable handkerchief In the world belongs to Queen Margherlta of Italy. It Is made of tlie purest old Venetian lace, and it is in perfect condi tion in spite of the fact that it wa* made in the fifteenth century. It I* probably worth more than $10,000. Kissing is a delight unknown to the Maori women of New Zealand. When they meet each other and wish to dem onstrate their mutual affection they grasp each other by the shoulders and rub their noses together. In times of sorrow, when mourning for the death of n relative, for Instance, two women will sit together nnd moan by the hour, all the time rubbing their noses to gether. In Havana the women of the upper classes may he fitly compared to Solo mon's lilies, for "they toll not, neither do they spin;" at the bull fights, thea ters and at balls and parties they are as gorgeous as the bride of the tropics, wearing gowns of barbaric splendor, glittering with jewels and brilliant In color; even when In the streets they are attired In costumes which very few English people would consider suitable for a fancy dress ball. Among the grande dames walking Is almost entire ly unknown, for they sit in their car riages to do their extensive shopping, the obliging stallkeepers bringing out countless goods for their inspection and approval. Their education is exceed ingly neglected, rending, writing, em broidery nnd a smattering of French and music being supposed sufficient for any woman to know. Household affaira are considered beneath their dignity. Brushing; Beauty Dut of the Hair. The most famous hair dresser in London lias startled the fashionable la dies of England by warning them that in following old traditions they are brushing beauty out of their hair. "Tlie inctasant brushing of the pres ent day is ruinous to the hair," he says. "Some women used to give their hair one hundred strokes of the brush night and morning and have good hair In spite of it. ''All new hairs appear first as a soft, delicate fuzz, easily pulled out or de stroyed. Stiff brushing will wear them out, Just as it will wear out the nap of cloth. The hair roots try to make up for the destruction. They are forc ed into abnormal growth, and their life force is depleted. The old hair is falling. The new hair is not being al lowed to live and grow. The life force is being exhausted. The hair gets thin, struggling, unhealthy, dies out altogether, and there you have the bald woman or man." What Are Woman's Essential Virtues? What are the virtues most essential to a woman? A Paris newspaper baa been asking that question of its read ers, of whom 8,278 have answered: "Faithfulness," with economy a good second, and goodness a bad third. Or derliness and modesty follow each oth er closely, while lower down on the list come devotion, charity and gentleness. Between 2,000 and 3,000 specify pa tience, maternal affection and industri ousness as among a woman's cardinal virtues, while 3,504 votes—the majority of voters were men—declare that clean liness is a peculiarly attractive quality in woman. Only a minority of Pa risians seem to consider honesty, amia bility. courage, discretion, simplicity or wisdom 'desirable; self-sacrifice polled the smallest recorded vote, while tenderness and modesty, purity and truthfulness appear to have escaped everyone's attention. Fully Covered. A woman on the death of hen hus band telegraphed to a distant friend: "Dear Joseph is dead. Loss.'fully covered by Insurance."—Tit-Bita.