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M ÂH0 o AN IMPLEMENT TRUCK. Harrt'- Thl»(f to Have on the- Farm ilccuu'e It Cati He Used for .Yariou.« Fariiosee. Wheels made of any good sound log, maple is best, 1~' inches in diameter, six-inch tread, frame sills, three by threi-iiich oak; inside cross piece, two by three, all mortised together; floor to lay flush with outside frame; platform four and one-half feet wide, seven i> et lung; can be ary si. e to suit builder. Kind axle five iVel ten inches ■long, one and one-fourth, inches in di ameter round iron fastet. ed to body 1 A\\ r ^ i r=l ' ! TTILVK i Jh hr irr.r 1 in AI > / : .id 1 . JU NATURE. IIO TV Nairn pan . f iiow ■ am! , tlu-n. Un, vs T\ 111* 1 t tlu* ; T H ^ ' • and t ( )(•(•;. Of t i.t 1 Ji a ? î and r; SO] llliit Ip V. of ■.. Î t ■ fs Con Mn null y to ai» ? r»» î ; oil n i*sh ui I lie \ 11 ; : ; » Soil. nvin'c t! »• lands, in a r • : r - rich a i.d 1- i T wi .- ; miy ! î ; i ' ■ u f- ♦ i \V(.; ; ;; : o r. . t ■ I tie ; i t • (. iii*') '• t wt 'or W : ... ». y <i , ! I on el o ai r. Min, m it. and lilt l i ! t'.a AVI! on the land, pi., live: hits l et I! <le gr- und, and the 1 rut.I;s t tret . one river it,lien on I lie ground and •ruing vegetable iu, d. i t !■■• e woulii turn up bv t mi available the plan 1 food < ■ in ii. As this subsoil, up uy the overturning i r-. i s. ■ t :u. 1< v- ; -d down tlmHigh of nature. ;; buries up a iuige • .mi of the decaying lea' es aiUl u . -at h.ave fallt u on the ground. ..nu in ii is, way t.lie land is plow ed lien î ulUvaieii. .sometimes' very '■cel" \. and the dot .lying vegetable ,;l '" '- > 'ti'-HiL h-ly mi.led in so that the soil i.. tilled with linimis. Humus is 1101 i 1 '• î bed. nut it enables the K0il " 11 • nu re water Ilian it. >vou,t: " : - l; 1 ' ■ The roots t f ■I"' ' ■ ■ . . î ... d some plants that grow,a , .e v, o.send t heir roots (io " n Pi" the earl h. thus diiin- 1 egrat an i a, soil and letting air into ii, and we en ih-se roots die, as they "ill in tinic, they add more humus to ihe soil.—c. 1*. Goodrich, in Farmers' Review. - HE CAREFUL OF HER. This Farmer Who Falla to ne Good to His l\ ife Makes ( he Illialuke of Ilia Uic, Form farmers, when they arc hur ried with o'her duties at this season, expect t! ..<. wile to worm the cab bage and bn the potatoes the time she is inn • . , pigs, feeding chick ens and r vows, besides cook ing for tb ham's. She is p . hi iiy willing to do all these thh.'is to help along, but the farmer o, h( not to expect her to do work that the lend man or himself can do, if it docs make him a little later to the corn tie id or getting at the hay. Sonm very good u n are so thought less about their wives, while they take the bt ,t of c.,re of the farm team. It ces.-- money to replace horses It is sometimes difficult to replace a good woman. Number two does not always prove such a willing helper._ Farm Journal. •% AGRICULTURAL NOTES. y---— Ov^'FO.Oi!) acres in Nebraska; are plantain alfalfa. Ti$v»'pgcduetion of wheat per acre in C^v&du is double that in the United jus nenches, plums and nectar ipi Cape Colony are mow on the J, 'k fruit stands, i'ths,- of thei people of the states live on farms, but not of Umland is being tilled, says ith. he farmers of Nebraska are larger dividends than the steel proved Jar Davisson, ol univegjitV^a j^m^c* just Stat (Lu in es sont one Hok «ett true the FINE LEGUMINOUS CROP.' j 'FeniiM.ee Farmer Grow. Esthvil* m-aUo About the Fos.ibiUtie. x of Hairy Vetch. After seeing the hairy vetch grown in a small way for two or three years, I have concluded that it is bound to become one of the most important of our leguminous crops. In this lati tude it may be sown in September or October, and cut for hay in May, thus giving ample time to follow it with a corn crop. I cannot sny how much hay it will yield per acre, as practical ly all wc.th which 1 have dealt has been saved for seed; but I do know that it will grow four to five feet high on good iai and Hi is means that it will yield enough to merit attention. Analyses of the plant show that it is very rich in protein, and anything tent will help to balance the usual ex cess of the carbonaceous elements in our rations is undoubtedly needed by must farmers. ' For hay. it should be '■ut when in full bloom. If sown alone it will be hard to handle, but when eown with equal pants of wheat or cats, it is readily managed. A- a cm.. crop it is especially val ut : >. fun. siting pasture in both fall ' 1 r 'r'. a.,dire lar.ee quantities : ' -'Ttn to the soil, h une sr : ls. it i 1 - sue, must be Ino-ulated w ; : h the ■ 'v.uch prod ace the nr.dales 1:0 Co re : i.e v.iel . v. : ;i £tow i my o.Dcriri'C Fuis has ni'i-fs-a-.-y. It. ' WS w-, b <1 ' soils and u ■' ;vi<.U\v : hi .ns. It S. ; t a tr. bo • lia; ' n ûi is n (. < than r. Y re a tv frees ?r n - • ' ; r.nil f : . C *-i ! *. it f* r ■ -■/:/ • ■> fur I .- v. ' ''• T M ■ d. . r acre. It -• v. g In n I ' ' it 7 pi try. - sit v ii ; !., ' ; . ; } j », for >' i- i - "' ?e bet 1er ! ■ i rv tun . is •„ - a ' or. Wi; ': 1 : ;,n I i.i. in Count : V ii n 1 :i ' -.lanu oi vetch •it. hr,if of l 1 -;> coun 1 . 0 - mon witii L. iiilior, THE FARM MECHANIC. This litt;«. Article Telia Ulm How Wuriicîl Iîoi>r*, 4 au He en «il Quite EuitfiXy. Many stable and shed floors, opened by i ai, a- ; nr. Ring on a track, require an.- • • - move t hem. T; is t rou b! i .' a cue'-ally by 1ho door, f f, bei-oa.iiig warped. To straighten such 'N / DEVICE FOR REMOVING WARP. doors, make a truss, Ii g. of two by five joists, and securely f •• them i to the t op and bottom <> ft Ii e • i..or. N est put in the fulorums, j ami k. Then put a strap of iron on at m, through j which and llie truss frame run the jbolt 1 m. On the inside cf the ernor f, 1 put a large washer, at 1. to prevent jbolt 1 m from pulling through flic door j when the nut ni is turned up. The ful ernms, j and k, need to be varied to remedy the warping of different doors. — L. E. Drake, in Farm and Home. — " Dliali of Good I'asi urnjee. "~ Tlic basis for every good pennarient pasture is Kentucky blue grass. Many sections in the central w est w ill quick ly produce blue grass sod if left, un cultivated. It is not. however, gener ally profitable on high priced land to depend on this method for securing a permanent pasture. T!y this praetico many bare spots will remain for sev eral years which are not only object ion able because they materialy diminish, the yield, but also because they give opportunity fornnxious weeds to grow. It is far better, therefore, to sow blue grass seed at the rate of about 14 pounds per acre on perfectly prepared land. A dressing of barnyard manure will insure a good set of grass if oike* conditions are favorable. ' Tke Esrtfcnorin'i Mlaalon. ^ • The common earthworm has held the attention of scientists ever since Darwin pointed out the wonderful part it plays in the formation of soil. The chemical role of the earthworm has been the subject of the latest in vestigation. In some wonderful man ner the sol) in passing through the short length of the worm becomes totally changed in character, and much better fitted for the nourish ment of plant life. Such soil under goes nitrification more rapidly than soil ordinarily does, and the solubil ity of the phosphoric acid is in creased, while the percentage of car bonate of lime becomes larger, K The greatest ranching country pt tkel Canadian northwest is Albertas ^ j Ï 0« Q> FARM WATER SUPPLY. Ohio Farmer Denprilie* a System That Has Been lard for Years with. Great Success. I send a sketch of my water sup ply which may* be of interest to some. I find it very handy iii sum mer. I hardly ever put my mill out of gear, and I an never out of water, and water always cool in house. A is the windmill; 11, the pump. C is the manhole or dry well. 1) is pipe leading to house tank. E is house tank, holds Ml) gallons. F is overflow to house tank leading back to supply tank. G is sink where 1 also have hot and eold water and well water. I : r« ■i ■ STUCK FARM WATER WoUKfc. II is waste pipe 1 o sink. T is t : -' drain f r sink, cellar and dry ai. . . : A lank overflows. J is p I to supply tank. K is a barrel :::dy tank about 100 f, t ft-mi i " and -in feet from win - t .!, 1. I. Met for supply tank. '! is pipe g from supply tank > sio- i; i; art Oh feet off: the - a ply is p, a- iii'iJ in stock tank by t ti -it. a: ■ (.'her tirMcs sit on a I \\, h mai l -tuck tank that are sup plied and I'.'vcrneri by it. 1 ii ed rec-qii:. -tors pipe for • 1 "it tiie ■ ai î î. i to house tank and su ply.tank, which must be l 1 /, are laid M'j feet, under groin: i. throiudi cellar wall and up into iii : rhni. Now comes what led me to send this sketch the inquiry asking how to ke-p 1a.ik from freezing. My sup ply tank is near mv teed yard wiier I put a pr-k of corn fodder aroor. it ami over it in the fall and fee ' it off in late spring. My stock ta ays are away from buildings far enon so I can heat them wjtli tank beat r and a little coal.—C. Ottpen, in Ohio Farmer. A Toast to the Horse. The B a It iniure Sun sa VS lilt* follow ittg t OHS t to the over-f; .lit?; fill fr -1 of in Ull, the oeautiful and Ii horse . c upird from the w:sll of -i M a rv Ian d stable and pi; i ; 1 i n t 1 ■■ l.idci • and Driver, is of unis i • )\v ;» - . i gin. hut is worthy of perpet ii; : 1 ' • ') : "Hen ■'s to that bundle of ^ 7*n i if !. ner vi with the heart of a \v. the e yo of a gazelle, the eon <>i a gif! ulia t • r. tiie doeiiit V of : i ", tin* prm d carriage of a 'king. am! t'.Hi blind obedience of a sohi ic r ; t.l;e companion of the desert plain, ti -t turns the moist furrows in I'm spring in order that all the world may have abundant harvest that fur nishes the sport of kings, that with blazing eye and distended no.D.ril fearlessly leads our greatest génér ais through carnage and renown, whose blood forms one of the ingredi ents that go to make the ink in w ■ , h all history is written, and who lin.,1 ly. in black trappings, pulls the hum blest of us to tlx- newly sodded threshold of eternity." Teach the Pig* to Fut. Tie sure and give the pigs plenty of exercise, and as soon as p,,.w' p. the little pigs should be taught, to eat. By providing a little pen where in ihey can got cracked corn ami sweet, milk, they will soon be able to got. away with lots of food and will transform it into bone and flesh, thereby decreasing the drain ou the sow. If the sow does not. lose in flesh they should be allowed to suckle for eight, weeks; but this must be governed by conditions. One of the great secrets of success ful hog raising is to watch both cuds of the hog and feed according ly. —Farmers' Keview. Varfeity ta Horse Rations. As a man grows tired of the same food day after day. so does a horse, lie appreciates a change of diet, and is in every way better for having it. When horses are on grass, their di gestive organs are kept in order, and nothing beyond one feed of oats a day is required, but in the winter, when they are confined so large a part of the time, they should have warm mashes once a day, with a quart or so of chopped carrots mixed therein twice a week. In se vere weather the water for all stock should have the chili taken off it.— Dural World. r ~ "" (Wlvat Corn Wheat I». - 'ee The corn-wheat that has been ex ploited from the northwest is nothing more nor less than a macaroni wheat (with s large berry. From the tests conducted throughout, the state bv the Nebraska experiment station, it is safe (to say that macaroni wheats yield bet iter than other spring varieties, but we have no data of comparison with win der wheat. The (Russian varieties are superior in yield, the areragebeing 21.8 Ifejishel* per acre. making cheap pork. It Can He Hone by Mn i n t n i n i n e n Hieb * Ie F* , *e of Health and Vigor from the Start. The experiments of our agricul tural colleges and experiment sta tions in feeding for lean meat and strong bone are of inestimable value to the farmers of America. They show the possibilities and limitations of corn, supplemented with other feeds, which can be. to a large ex tent, produced on every farm, in the way of roots, pumpkins, etc. In the corn belt that cereal will always be our best and main ration for fatten ing swine; but grow the pigs largely on clover, grass, milk, roots and mill feed. Fork produced in this way is of better quality, and i- produced at less risk than where the animal is both grown and fattened on corn exclusively. The change from feed ing- for growth to feeding for flesh should be so gradual that neither the fee 1er nor the pig could tell just where the grass and slops were left off and the full feeding of corn be gan. Under all circrmstanecs our hogs need a variety of food to 1 • up a keen appetite and keg" ' i In a healthy and thrifty c :n. and if our object in feeding is :<> '"dwe them to eat as much a- ; d le, not 1.in:- is so calcula ! t d to si • mbite the a p .dite os a \ a riet y of I. Do not try to raise bug. ;r you like them. If you er, joy -e< them eat and grow and get fat. you will be ' •!: to noth-' how t 1 ; are pro: so- Air to detect a flaw in your rue. ugu: unit arid to improve your v. ■■ you will he sut ...... fui. If. on the ed. ■!■ hand, you de.oii-e a hog find s i • v : : I v feed it for the morev ..... out of i;. - ! or not.—Fred 11. Kaakin. in Farmers' Yuiee. ANGORA 13 USEFUL. For Cl p.H ri ii e: n tl of Ft rush Til is Coat Lias No i-A u r T in Utie Animal 1-1 i a u <' <1111. Tbe Angora roin the liairv i!': rent from t • ' of U-.-'' : uit is as rliffcreut, o;:t as 1 lie sheep is Angora. It has its ■ : s that to.mot he deni.'d by the most ardent shn •r. Th< i'ineinal use to wliieh sll they can be put is that of bru terminators; nest. mohair or ••b'cci'.- ; till • 1. as meat producers. In e' -arirg land of brush. t : is animal seems to have no eomil. The sheep will take to brush killing if forced to do it: the goat takes to it. because it is its tie ; urc. lie is a browser first anil a g-'c -or when Ik- re is no browse, in killing out the brush grass will come to cover the earth, and such lands can be followed by sheep. It is really an inexpensive way to clear land of brush, and they have been in demand for that purpose, says The Home stead. The fîocpo i uned f h* maki It. is a Iso exit rugs, a Lstrnkhj dre.-s : the de: :rvnd i> ply, vv hi h hr the pv •io; w ■ ' profit. The < hair on are u: anl m nr y of mnnof; ict un» collars , muffs plus •f ull kinds "1 skins with the When made un in tHis manner it is seldom sold under its true name. As to its r,*it, we cannot speak from experience. tVe have been informed that it is superior to inid ton, but we are inclined to believe this to lie fishy. The kids make good eating; better than the meat of goals. REPAIRING THILLS. Kot a Harrt Thinit to Ho. Provided You Know How to Go ut It in the Right Way. To repair buggy or wagon shafts, take a small rope and loop it over ends of shafts and with a stick twist 6 ♦• :r TIGHTENED THILLS. the rope until the shafts are snug up to shoulders of crossbar (b). Cut two iron straps from a worn-oui buggy tire, three-sixteenths inch thick, and use as a band as at a a. boles having been drilled through at one end for bolting. The bars may be. placed under or above the shafts, as desired.— Walte! H. Garrison, in Farm and Home. HORSE HEALTH HINTS. i ■ : j I : j : j j ; j I I ' j ; j j j j ! Sheaf oats is an agreeable change in horse feed. Most horses ere fed too much hay and rough feed. The colt should grow without any 6etback to horsehood. Each horse should be fitted with a good hard collar before spring work begins. Horses should be fed regularly. There is no need of a horse eatino all the time. When horses are on light work, re duce the feed. When doing heavy work, give the heaviest feed at night. They, bave more time then to digest it. Don't permit colt3 to be infested with lice or to suffer from worms. These troubles are often perpetuated by stables that are never properly cleaned or disinfected, e- Farmer's ! Home. 3*^ • ! ; '■ ; j 1 C3 m D D ONE HUNDRED FOWLS. 40 A 76 Ni/.. / M INEVITABLE MISTAKES. Why nrc'ln nprs in the Font try Basl iiess Must Expect to Lose Money at First. In the Home Here Described They i Will Find Comfort in Winter aa Well aa in Summer. The ground plan of a house shown ■ herewith is designed at the request : of a subscriber, to accommodate luo fowls. It is 40x16 feet in size, faces the south and has a four-foot alley in front for the use of small chicks. It is divided into two pens and the partitions are of two-inch mesh wire j netting. f l he front partition may be <>f one-ineh mesh two feet high if it is desired to keep the li^ÿle chicks I from getting in among tiie larger : ones. A platform four feet wide j should be built in the entire length of the back side, 2y 2 feet from the HOUSE FUU A HUNDRED HENS. fl '"r. Nine inch es above the platform : I ! 'i -e three roosts inches apart, j i he house should be seven feet j 1 ,; gu in tin; iront, five feet, at the rear ; and ten feet at. the ridge, if it is to be covered with -hir.gles. Four 8x10 j tttt'h Ifl-Hght wiiu ws should be I i■ D - î ■ I at the frort, and one may be placed at. each end if desire |. There may be a door in each end or on.- in Ihe front, io make this house f. '-t proot, it must be built with double walls with ..a air spare between. Lay Axa inoli sills on a stone or brie!, foun I dation, la ill in cem •• i. The st midi - ' should be made of 2x4, placed two j feet apart. On these nail square edge boards. ; cover with a wind and waterproof j s-!ie;;'l;it:g patter, and then p it on matched siding. Seal up (tie ii; ide in j the same manner. In winter lime put on storm sash and a double door. Where a house is built as thoroughly j as this, a ventilator should be pro v ih'rl. A six inch tube should extend iront the peak to wit: in one foot j of the floor, and be provided with a damper which ca n be opened and closed to regulate the flow of air. Enough ! air will leak in around windows and doors to keep it fresh.—Farm and Home. No one that has not lind experience in poultry raising should invest heav ily in that business. The only safe • way is to start small and increase the flock as rapidly as experience in creases. The novice generally starts ! in with the firm resolve to succeed I nu.î ti'- start. Frequently lie gets all 'the information lie can from books ; and from practical poultry men. and '■ he vainly imagines that the informa jticn so acquired will save him from ; mistakes. But the mistakes arc made, j just the same. thou;:!i they arc doubt less few"r on account of what, has been gleaned from the experiences of others. People must have experi ence by themselves to really fit them to cope with the numerous situations they must face, l et the novice set it down as a certainty ihat he will make mistakes of a most serious nature. 1 and that, as a re-ult of such mistakes great losses will result. In some cases these losses will tie greater than the profits for the entire year in which they occur. We tell the novice of this before they occur, so that he may not lie entirely discouraged and give up the effort when they do occur. Even people that have been brought up on farms encounter these discour aging experiences when they try to handle fowls in considerable num bers. The ones that have had a little experience in raising poultry are the ones most likely to invest consider able sums in an equipment before they are really competent to manage such equipment. Because they have hud some experience the 3 ' imagine themselves to be experts. Most of the failures are due to inexperience, but the people that have failed are not usually willing to admit this even to themselves. Even the farm boy that has fed chickens and gathered eggs since childhood will do well to go a little slow when he enters the ranks of professional chicken raisers, for it hurts less to lose 50 per cent, of a flock of a hundred than it does to lose a like proportion of a thou sand fowls.—Farmer's Review, T' ~ R«Mnae> at the Gaves Bee. That retinue surrounding the queen is something after this fashion in this locality: Under normal circumstances, when a queen is traveling over the comb, no worker accompanies her. If she runs against the hind end of a worker, the worker will pay no more at tention to her than to another worker. If, however, the worker is in such po sition that she can recognize the pres ence of the queen, whether the queen touches her or not. the worker will in variably squarely face the queen; and if the queen stands still long enough there will be a circle of bees all facing centrally. As soon, however, as the queen moves on, the circle breaks up, never to be formed again of the same beea.—Gleanings. _ WATER FOR THE BEES. -- *>! They N*»d It and the Wise Aptartat Will See That It la Always Within Their Reach. Tt 6eems a little out of season t<* : talk about watering your bees, if, aa ' in a good many localities, they are j snugly housed in the cellar at the present moment. However, it is well I to anticipate their wants. Indeed. I there may not be. any anticipation in I the case where the bees are wintered j out of doors. Just as soon as there comes a day warm enough for them ! to fly, one of- the first things they will do is to start in search of water, says a writer in the. Bee Journal. Bees are hard drinkers, and it is a matter of some importance that they have easy access to plenty of pure water without being obliged to fly some distance to secure it. Especial ly * s this true in teh early spring, when eold winds and sudden changes in temperature work such havoc with, our bees. Water they must have, anii if they do not have it supplied near home they must seek it else where. More bees are lost in spring by fi.Ving some distance, becoming chilled, and never getting back to their lii\e, than some bee-keepers a,ro aware of. We don't, want anything that will induce them to take long flights, much less anything that will oblige them to. Bees are largely creatures of habit, and when once they have established a drinking place it is not so easy to change them from it. And one of their fa vorite selections is the watering tank, causing much annoyance to stock, and to the people taking care of our stock as well. It great nuisance to have ti the well or cistern pump, is this the ease if there are small children in the family. All this bother may be avoided if we select their drinking place for them, and get them star ,1 in the right place before they have learned to go anywhere else. This i.- not dif cult to do. A large jar tilled with water, with a number of pic-es of wood put into it. for the bi es: to alight won (if they are'somewhat roi'an aM the better), is all that, is needed to make a good watering place. Tf this jar is kepi supplied "'it 1 1 water, after the he: stared there will be trouble about their but! anywliet e else. It is a <•■ put a little salt into it one Then it will not be a lire for mosquitoes, anrl the to like it better when it salty.—Bee Journal. is also a ■in around dally \s once get no more tci'itig you is ( plan to e in a while, eding place bees seem is a little SHELTER FOR CHICKENS. Mnkr n Cover for tiie Coop ,-inrt Afford the Bird Protection Anaitiit Sun mid Kudu. Here is an easily-made 'protection for the chicken coop against both sun and rain. Drive into the ground two bits of board, and nail a cross strip \T.-. 1 q-fwie i V; u. A SHELTERED COOP. to the top of each. Across the top stretch a piece of tarred paper, or red resin-sized building paper, anti tack it as shown. Make, this eover large enough to protect, the lien anil chicks in ease a sudden shower comes up.—Farm Journal. POULTRY YARD POINTERS. Barrels on their side are not ideal ;oops for young chicks. Eggs cannot be produced without ni trogenous material in some shape. Eggs from over-fat hens, if they iatch at all, are apt to produce weak lings. ' i Many a farmer would do better if he plowed less acres and raised more chickens. Coops without bottoms moved daily make healthful places in which to raise young chicks. To keep disease away from the fowls, keep everything perfectly clean where they are kept. Feather pulling is often the result of confinement in idleness. Give the hens something to do. Keep the outside doors and windows of the poultry house closed during a rain or snowstorm. Playful dogs in the hen yard do not sdd to the comfort or peace of the aens. Keep the dogs out. Hens with frozen combs will not produce eggs till the sores are healed —do not expect them to. Bowel trouble that carries olt many chicks when one or two weeks old may be often corrected by tak ing away their drinking water and giving scalded milk instead.—Com mercial Poultry. The Mamie at tihe Kre. The honey bee is an excellent co jvorker on the farm, even if he is not absolutely necessary to the polleniz ing of fruits. The bee can be denied nany of the advantages it is claimed to possess and still be worth much more than the little labor required to tare for it. The music alone of tha )usy hive compensates many for the trouble it easts, to say nothing of its garnered sweets; that make of good bread and batter » morsel fit in the gods.—Midland Farmer.